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Conventional Fusion FAQ Section 8/11 (Internet Resources)

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Archive-name: fusion-faq/section8-internet
Last-modified: 26-Feb-1995
Posting-frequency: More-or-less-quarterly
Disclaimer: While this section is still evolving, it should
be useful to many people, and I encourage you to distribute
it to anyone who might be interested (and willing to help!!!).

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
8. Internet Information Resources
# This FAQ deals with conventional fusion only, not Cold Fusion. #

Last Revised February 26,1995
Written by Robert F. Heeter,, unless otherwise cited.

What follows is a listing of many, but not all, of the fusion
energy/research information resources available via the internet.

*** A. Newsgroups:  
     sci.physics.fusion (unmoderated)
     sci.physics.plasma (moderated)  
          - this latter is for plasma science discussions, 
            not for fusion issues.                

     Sci.physics.fusion postings have been archived on a couple 
     of internet sites.  For more information see the sections 
     on WAIS and Anonymous FTP below.

*** B. WAIS (Wide-Area Information Server) Databases

     [ Information on the WAIS database provided
          by Chuck Harrison, ]

     * has a searchable WAIS archive of all postings
       on sci.physics.fusion (1989-present).  According to Chuck 
       Harrison (, "WAIS access means it is 
       *searchable* on free-text keywords, which means alot when 
       you're trying to find old vaguely-recollected postings from 
       the 30MB or so of archive.  I created the thing because I 
       found that hunting through the [anonymous FTP 
       site, see below ] archives by ftp was prohibitively 
       time-consuming, so I suspect anyone who *wants* to look in 
       the newsgroup history (who knows why? ;-) ) should try 
       the WAIS database first if they have access (e.g. swais, 
       WWW, gopher, or telnet to sunsite)."

     * Accessing the sunsite archives - directions:
       [ The information below is straight from Chuck Harrison ]

       1. If you are directly connected to Internet, you can 
          log onto a public WAIS server at the University of North 
          login: swais
          TERM = (unknown) vt100
          It takes a minute to load ...

          <use ? for online help>
          <use /fusion to locate the fusion-digest source>
          <follow the prompts to select the source and enter your 
           keywords for searching>

       2. If you have a "gopher" client, you can use it for WAIS 
          access.  Many university campuses provide gopher as a 
          public information service.

          2a. On most systems, you first select an option 
              labeled "Other Systems", then from that menu 
              select "WAIS based information".  Since each
              gopher site creates its own menus, I can't tell 
              you exactly where to go from there.

          2b. If you can gopher to SunSITE, at UNC, navigate 
              the menus down thru SunSITE archives..All 
              [ Sometimes conventional fusion comes second! ]

          2c. If you can 'telnet' but not 'gopher', you may telnet 
              to and login as 'gopher'. Then follow 
              2a or 2b above.

       3. If you have World Wide Web (WWW) browser, such as 
          Mosaic, Cello, or Lynx, you may use the following URL:
          wais:// (newsgroup archive)

     [ More info on other Gopher and WWW resources is given below. ]

       4. If you have a WAIS client on your system (the most common 
          ones are "swais" -- character-based, and "xwais" -- for 
          X-Windows), use it.

*** C. World-Wide Web:

     * Much of the public-domain fusion info is now available 
       via WWW:  At this time, it appears that most of the 
       major U.S. fusion research labs have information available 
       on the Web, and the amount of available information is 
       growing rapidly.  Available materials include basic 
       fusion information, all sorts of pictures, information 
       about each lab's research projects, and more.

     * Navigating the Web is a little hard to explain, but for fusion,
       the easiest way to start is to go to the Department of Energy's
       Office of Fusion Energy page.  (Address given below.)  From here, 
       you can (I think) move upwards within DOE to the Office of 
       Energy Research, or downwards to many of the fusion labs.  
       Alternatively, once you know the "URL" addresses of a lab's WWW 
       documents, you can open them up directly with the "Open URL" 
       menu command.

     * Address (temporary) for this FAQ:

     * Some of the Principal Fusion / Plasma URL addresses to try:
                   (Office of Fusion Energy)                  (Plasma Science Home Page)                         (Princeton Plasma Physics Lab)                         (General Atomics / DIII-D)  (Livermore's ICF Group)                         (Joint European Torus)

     * Additional Web Sites that may be of Interest:      (Trieste, Italy, MHD Site)                  (MIT Plasma Fusion Center)     (U. Texas Fusion Res. Center) (ORNL Fusion Division)
     (Apologies to those labs I left off this list; I figured this 
     would give anyone interested a decent start, and then the rest 
     of the labs are easy to get to.)

*** D. Gopher:

     * Garching (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics): 
          The host is (Port: 70)
          Or, from the top:  Gopher -> Europe -> Germany 
             -> Information Servers in Germany 
             -> MPI fuer Plasmaphysik Garching-Gopher
             (and, if you like, -> IPP Information)

          According to Art Carlson at Garching:
             "It's probably not very useful, since most of the info, 
             press releases and the like, is in German.  There is 
             other *great stuff* on the computer, like drawings 
             of ASDEX-Upgrade and time schedules, but it's not 
             publicly available (as far as I know)."

     * University of Texas - Austin:
          Gopher -> North America -> USA -> Texas
            -> University of Texas Austin Fusion Studies
                  (Machine name is

          This gopher server has a variety of material regarding 
          physics and fusion, including archives of the periodic 
          status reports for TFTR, Alcator C-Mod, and TEXT-U.
          This is also accessible via Mosaic with the URL 
          gopher://, I believe.

     * There are also a large number of Gopher sites which have 
        partial or complete archives of the Fusion FAQ postings.
        A Veronica search on Fri, 2 Dec 1994, yielded a large list.
        I would recommend accessing MIT's gopher server and finding, then looking in /pub/usenet/news.answers/fusion-faq.
        If you aren't able to connect to rtfm, you can certainly find
        the fusion faq via your own Veronica search, too.

*** E. Anonymous FTP Sites:
          Sunsite also collects the fusion digests archiving
          the sci.physics.fusion, in the directory 
          The recent digest files are in subdirectories whose 
          names begin with "fd," and the older stuff is
          archived by year in files fd89, fd90, etc...
          This material is also available under WAIS (see 8A). ( 
          This site has the complete archive of
          the sci.physics.fusion newsgroup, from its inception.

          In particular, this FAQ is (will soon be) archived here.

          To log in:  use the username anonymous, type your
          email address as the password, and then type "cd fusion"
          to get to the fusion directory.  Beware: the index is
          large!  To download something enter "get" and then
          the name of the file you want.
          This is the primary archive for the FAQ, at least in 
          the United States.  The latest version of a given
          section FAQ crossposted to sci.answers or news.answers 
          can be found somewhere in either
               /pub/usenet/news.answers/fusion-faq or
          (Sections with multiple parts have subdirectories.) 
          Here you can find fusion-related GIF images.
          As for, log in anonymously, then cd to
          the directory /pub/fusion, and "get" what you want.
     There are other FTP archive sites for the FAQ as well.
          A list of these is included in Section 0, Part 1 (Intro).

*** F. LISTSERV  ("FTP by email"): also works as a listserver:

          "You get a (large) index of the archives by sending 
          an email to, with a blank 
          SUBJECT line, and the "message" 'index fusion'. To get 
          any one of these files, you then send to the same address
          the message, e.g., "get fusion 91-00487", etc, according 
          to what you're after."
            -- quoting Dieter Britz,

   To obtain the FAQ, also works as a listserver:

   If you do not have direct access by WWW or FTP, the site supports "ftp by mail": send a message 
   to with the following lines
   in it (cut-and-paste if you like): 

send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section0-intro/part1-overview
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section0-intro/part2-outline

   The mail server will send these two introductory 
   files to you.  You can then use the outline (part2)
   to determine which files you want.  You can receive
   any or all of the remaining files by sending another
   message with the relevant lines from the following list:

send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section0-intro/part3-revisions
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section1-physics
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section2-energy/part1-technical
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section2-energy/part2-enviro
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section5-devices
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section6-results
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section7-education
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section8-internet
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section10-biblio
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/section11-acknowl
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/intro
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/a
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/b
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/c
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/d
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/e
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/f
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/g
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/h
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/i
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/j
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/k
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/l
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/m
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/n
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/o
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/p
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/q
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/r
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/s
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/t
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/u
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/v
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/w
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/x
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/y
send usenet-by-group/sci.answers/fusion-faq/glossary/z

(Delete those lines which correspond to files you don't want.)

While there are many files, the full FAQ is not more than
a megabyte in size, so it is not excessively huge.
Please note that several files (section9, for instance)
are omitted from the above list; this is because they
are still being written and are not yet available.

*** G. Electronic Bulletins

     * TFTR Updates - published occasionally by Rich Hawryluk,
forwarded automatically to sci.physics.fusion and sci.physics.plasma.
Also distributed via electronic mailing list.

     * Alcator C-Mod Weekly Updates - posted by MIT researchers to
sci.physics.fusion and sci.physics.plasma periodically. 

     * TPX Updates - published occasionally by Rob Goldston,
forwarded automatically to sci.physics.fusion.  Also distributed
via electronic mailing list.

*** H. Individuals Willing to Provide Additional Information

Many of the participants on sci.physics.fusion are conventional/hot
fusion researchers.  Many names and email addresses are to be found 
as sources for various slices of the FAQ, and so on.  (See the 
acknowledgements for a more-or-less complete list of contributors.)

A few people have expressed a willingness to serve as sources for
people seeking additional literature, such as laboratory reports, 
pamphlets, and assorted other documents.  What follows is a short 

* Robert F. Heeter, 
        - Graduate Student at Princeton - 

        I have the FAQ, all sorts of archived postings and additional
        information used to generate the FAQ, a bunch of PPPL literature, 
        a set of quicktime movies made from television coverage of the 
        TFTR D-T runs (and GIFs from the QT movies), and access to just 
        about anyone here at PPPL who would have something I don't have.

* Joe T. Chew,
        - Physicist at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory -

        "I've also got a variety of pamphlets put out by this or that 
        lab or agency over the years; feel free to give out my address 
        as a source for photocopies of such things."

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