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Conventional Fusion FAQ Section 0/11 (Intro) Part 2/3 (Outline)

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Archive-name: fusion-faq/section0-intro/part2-outline
Last-modified: 26-Feb-1995
Posting-frequency: More-or-less-quarterly

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### Outline and List of Questions in the Conventional Fusion FAQ

# Written/Edited by Robert F. Heeter,

# (Outline subject to change; this list current on February 26, 1995)

*** 1. Fusion as a Physical Phenomenon:
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section1-physics]
        A.  What is fusion?
        B.  How does fusion release energy?
        C.  Where does fusion occur in nature?
        D.  Why doesn't fusion occur anywhere else in nature?
        E.  What are the basic fusion reactions?
        F.  Could you tell me more about these different elements?
        G.  Why is the deuterium-tritium (D-T) reaction the easiest?
        H.  What is aneutronic fusion?
        I.  What sort of fusion reactor is the sun? 
        J.  Why is it so hard to create controlled man-made fusion reactions?
        K.  What is plasma physics, and how is it related to fusion?
        L.  Just how hot and confined do these plasmas need to be?
                        (Or, what conditions are needed for controlled fusion?)
        M.  What are the basic approaches used to heat and confine 
                        the plasma?  (Or, what is magnetic confinement?  
                        Inertial confinement?)  

*** 2. Fusion as a Future Energy Source:
 2.1 Technical Characteristics
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section2-energy/part1-tech]
        A.  What would a fusion energy plant look like?
        B.  What fuels can a fusion reactor burn?
        C.  What are the different methods for converting fusion energy
                to useful energy?
        D.  What would a D-T fusion reactor look like?
        E.  How do you get the plasma hot enough for fusion to occur?
        F.  What are the materials requirements for fusion?  
        G.  Are any of these materials scarce?
        H.  How large would a fusion reactor be?  Why?
 2.2 Environmental Characteristics
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section2-energy/part2-enviro]
        A.  What are fusion's major potential environmental advantages?
        B.  But isn't fusion nuclear?  What about radioactive waste?
        C.  What key technologies are needed to achieve these advantages?
        D.  What are the materials and fuel requirements for fusion?
        E.  What about renewable energy sources?  
               Why do we need fusion at all?  
 2.3 Safety Characteristics Economic Characteristics  
     (Under construction)
 2.4 Economic Characteristics  
     (Under construction)
 2.5 Fusion for Space Applications  
     (Under construction)

*** 3. Fusion as a Scientific Research Program
 3.1 Chronology of Events and Ideas
     (Under construction)
              When did fusion research begin?
              When was fusion research declassified?
       What is the current state of fusion research? 
                   Close / far from achieving practical benefits?
 3.2 Major Institutes and Policy Actors
     (Under construction)
       Who is doing fusion, and where?  (funds distribution?)
              What level of international cooperation is there?
 3.3 History of Achievements and Funding
        (Under construction)
           What is the history of fusion funding (US, FUSSR, EC, Japan)?
              What is the history of achievement of fusion parameters?

*** 4. Methods of Confinement / 
                Approaches to fusion:
 4.1 Toroidal Magnetic Confinement Approaches
     (Under construction)
        A. What is a tokamak / how does it work?
        B. What is a stellarator / " " " " ? 
        C.   "  " reversed-field pinch / " " " " ? 
        D. What is a Field-Reversed Configuration / how does it work?
        E.   "  "  " Plasmak / "   "    "   " ? 
        F. What is a Migma / how does it work?
 4.2 Alternative Confinement Methods / Approaches
     (Under construction)
        A. Gravitational Confinement    
        B. Inertial Confinement
        C. Mirror Confinemen
        D. Muon-catalyzed Fusion
        E. Electrostatic Confinement 
        F. What about the pinch methods?
        G. What are some other confinement approaches?

*** 5. Status of and plans for Present Devices:
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section5-devices]
        A.  Flagship Tokamaks
                1.  ITER: (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor)
                2.  JET: (Joint European Torus)  
                3.  JT-60: (Japan Tokamak (?)) 
                4.  TFTR:  (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor)  
                5.  TPX: (Tokamak Physics Experiment)  
        B.  Medium to Large Tokamaks
                1.  Alcator C-Mod: 
                2.  ASDEX-U:  (Axially Symmetric Divertor EXperiment-Upgrade) 
                3.  DIII-D:  (Doublet III, D-shape)
                4.  FT: (Frascati Tokamak)
                5.  NSTX: (National Spherical Tokamak eXperiment)
                6.  PBX-M:  (Princeton Beta Experiment-Modified)
                7.  TCV: (Variable Configuration Tokamak - in French) 
                8.  TdeV:  (Tokamak de Varenne)
                9.  TEXTOR:  
                10. Tore Supra:  
        C.  Small Tokamaks
                1:  CDX-U (Current Drive eXperiment-Upgrade)
                2.  START:  (Small, Tight-Aspect-Ratio Tokamak)
                3.  TEXT-U: (Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade?)
        D.  Stellarators
                1.  ATF  (Advanced Toroidal Facility)  
                2.  Wendelstein-7AS:  (Advanced Stellarator) 
                3.  Wendelstein-7X
        E.  Inertial Confinement
                1.  NIF:  (National Ignition Facility)
                2.  Nova:
                3.  Omega:
                4.  NIKE:
        F.  Alternative Methods
                1.  Electrostatic Confinement:
                2.  MFTF:  Mirror Fusion Test Facility:  
                3.  Muon-Catalyzed Fusion 
                4.  Plasmak: 
                5.  RFX:  (Reversed-Field eXperiment)

*** 6. Recent Results
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section6-results]
        A.  Recent Results on TFTR:
                 (a) What was done?
                 (b) Why does it matter?
        B.  Recent Results from JET
        C.  Recent Results from Inertial Confinement Fusion
        D.  Recent Results from Muon-Catalyzed Fusion
        E.  Recent major results from other experiments, and theoretical work
        F.  Recent Political News
        G.  Appendix on TFTR and JET results

*** 7. Educational Issues and Conferences:
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section7-education]
        A.  What opportunities are there for interested students?
        B.  I'm an undergraduate interested in becoming a "fusioneer."  
                What should I study?
        C.  What sorts of experiments are there for high-school students?  
                How can I get the equipment?  Has anyone else done this?
        D.  What about those summer programs you mentioned above?       
        E.  When/where are the major fusion conferences?

*** 8. Internet Resources:
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section8-internet]
        A. Newsgroups
        B. WAIS (Wide-Area-Information-Server)
        C. World-Wide Web
        D. Gopher
        E. Anonymous FTP Sites
        F. Listservers
        G. Electronic Bulletins
        H. Individuals Willing to Provide Additional Information

*** 9. Future Plans:
  (Under construction)
        (a) Plans for TPX?
        (b) Plans for ITER?
        (c) Prospects for funding? (US, EC, Japan, FUSSR)
        (d) What problems in designing a fusion powerplant?
                Rad waste, materials choices, device parameters ???
        (e) What are the key research problems/opportunities?

*** 10. Bibliography / Reading List
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section10-biblio]
        A. Recent articles in the popular literature.
        B. General References and Histories 
           (suitable for those with minimal background in physics or fusion).
        C. Fusion Research Review Articles & Texts
        D. Plasma Physics - General Texts 
         (focus is on the science of plasmas, rather than engineering reactors)
        E.  Plasma Physics - Device-Specific
                (applications of plasma physics to specific devices)
        F. Fusion Reactor Engineering References
        G. List of Relevant Scientific Journals
        H. Unclassified / Unsummarized works.  (Please help me move
                references out of this section and into sections 1-4 by
                contributing reviews of sources you know about!)

*** 11. Acknowledgements and Citations
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/section11-acknowledgements]
(I've had a lot of help, so I needed a separate section to list everyone!)

*** Glossary of Frequently Used Terms in Plasma Physics
     and Fusion Energy Research (FUT)
Part 0/26: Introduction to the Glossary / FUT 
     [Archive-name: fusion-faq/glossary/part0-intro]

Parts 1/26, 2/26, ..., 26/26: 
    Glossary terms from A to Z (one file per letter)  
    [ Archive-names: fusion-faq/glossary/a
                     fusion-faq/glossary/z ]

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