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***************************************************************** Glossary of Frequently Used Terms in Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Research http://FusEdWeb.pppl.gov/Glossary/glossary.html Edited by Robert F. Heeter, firstname.lastname@example.org ***************************************************************** ### Contents: * What is the Glossary, and where can I find it? * What is included in the Glossary? * What sources were used in compiling the Glossary? ### What is the Glossary, and where can I find it? Plasma physics and fusion energy researchers have evolved a colorful and extensive vocabulary. Although these specialized terms greatly facilitate discussion among those who understand the language, they can impede discussions between experts and nonexperts, and even between experts in different subfields. Several efforts have been made over the years to break down these communication barriers by providing clear and succinct definitions of key terms. The Glossary of Frequently Used Terms in Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Research takes the next step and uses modern information technology to provide the most extensive *compilation* of plasma terminology from all available sources. The full Glossary comprises several thousand terms, of which over 1000 are fully defined and nearly all the others at least direct the reader to reference texts. The full Glossary was posted as ASCII text in 26 parts to the Newsgroups from 1994-1999. After a 3-year hiatus from 1996-1999, the Glossary is now being actively updated again. Since the Glossary is now being maintained in database format and is fully available on the World Wide Web, it no longer needs to be posted to the Newsgroups in its entirety. However, in order to ensure that those interested in learning about fusion energy and plasma physics have easy access to the Glossary, this introduction now serves as a monthly pointer to the full Glossary web site. The full Glossary may be found at http://FusEdWeb.pppl.gov/Glossary/glossary.html More information about the Glossary is given below. ### What is included in the Glossary? The terms listed in the full Glossary include the scientific vocabulary of the disciplines associated with plasma physics and fusion energy research, the names of various research facilities, experimental machines and devices used, the names of prominent researchers in the field, the various funding authorities active in the field, several key mathematical symbols in common use, and the acronyms frequently used as shorthand for some of the above. This Glossary now covers all areas of plasma physics and "conventional" fusion research, including magnetic confinement, inertial confinement, thermonuclear, muon-catalyzed, and other types of fusion, but not "Cold Fusion". The Glossary began in 1994 with an initial list of terms supplied by Jim Day. To this were added some comments from various responses to the first draft posted to the newsgroup. The Editor then incorporated terms from various published glossaries from PPPL and the U.S. Department of Energy. Acronyms, machine names, and names of important scientists were added as they came up. Categories were added for research and funding/political agencies, a broader base of basic science terms was built up, and additional plasma terms were included. In the summer of 1995 the Glossary benefitted from work done by Joshua Jones and John Wright to expand the terminology lists by merging in terms from the indexes of major plasma reference texts, and to evolve a useful Web version with browse and search capabilities. ### What Sources were used in compiling the Glossary? The terms and definitions in the Glossary represent a collection of contributions from numerous sources. The new Glossary database includes the ability to have acknowledgements for each individual definition, but for existing terms we must rely upon the blanket acknowledgements given below. In cases where only a single textual source was used a citation is generally given along with the entry. A bibliography of source texts can be found at the Glossary Web Site, http://FusEdWeb.pppl.gov/Glossary/glossary.html # Acknowledgements for the Glossary: ! = someone I believe is a scientist * = organizations or people who are not believed to be scientists. ! Jake Blanchard, email@example.com - suggested we have a list of acronyms too. ! Arthur Carlson, firstname.lastname@example.org - supplied additional definitions, made corrections / amplifications / revisions to earlier definitions. ! Edward Chao, email@example.com - info on LANL fusion research, additions and corrections to various definitions. ! Albert Chou, firstname.lastname@example.org - supplied additional definitions, made corrections / amplifications / revisions to earlier definitions. ! John Cobb, email@example.com - lots o' definitions. ! James Crotinger, firstname.lastname@example.org - additional definitions, quality control, and comments on the usefulness of the FUT. * Jim Day, email@example.com - initial list of terms, additional definitions, modifications to earlier definitions. ! Steve Fairfax, Fairfax@cmod.pfc.mit.edu - additional definitions from the Alcator weekly reports. * Robin Herman, _Fusion: Search for Endless Energy_; I borrowed a few terms from her glossary. Cited as (from Herman). (Many of these terms derived from the PPPL glossary I also used.) ! Paul M. Koloc, pmk@prometheus.UUCP - quality control, some entries ! Emilio Martines, firstname.lastname@example.org - quality control, reversed-field entries & information. ! Robert Nachtrieb, email@example.com - numerous acronyms * Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, Glossary of Fusion Terms - list of terms prepared by PPPL staff at some point. Consulted in many cases, blatantly paraphrased in some, quoted and cited in others. * Vicki Rosenzweig, firstname.lastname@example.org - Proofreading entries * Mike Ross, email@example.com - additional Livermore info and corrections to some entries. * Richard Schroeppel, firstname.lastname@example.org - suggestions/corrections to many definitions. ! Philip Snyder, email@example.com - corrections to definitions. ! Paul Stek, Stek@cmod.pfc.mit.edu - additional definitions !? Mitchell Swarz, firstname.lastname@example.org - supplied additional definitions / corrections and revisions to existing definitions. ### Status and Disclaimers: Like fusion research itself, the Glossary is evolving, and is not a completed work. Depending on how much effort is being expended to maintain it at any given time, it may not be correct or up-to-date in all respects. The editor disclaims everything and assumes no liability for any consequences arising from the distribution of this Glossary. The information included in the Glossary reflects the perspective of the editor and contributors, and not their employers or anyone else. Finally, the Glossary is copyrighted and should not be distributed for profit without permission. ### Technicalities: # This is a Copyrighted FAQ. I only grant permission for this file to be freely distributed and cited provided the revision date is retained and I am cited as the editor. # # Any and all errors are solely my responsibility. # # This posting is tagged as UCRL-MI-139257 by LLNL. "This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-Eng-48." ####################### Robert F. Heeter, Ph.D. email@example.com Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Robert F. Heeter (Bob) Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Building 121, Room 1109 Phone: 925-423-3761 Fax: 925-423-5998 US Mail: P.O. Box 808, L-043; Livermore, CA 94550 Shipping: 7000 East Ave.; Livermore, CA 94550-9234