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Copies of this FAQ may be obtained by anonymous ftp to rtfm.mit.edu under /pub/usenet/news.answers/feminism/refs2. Or, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org with send usenet/news.answers/feminism/refs1 send usenet/news.answers/feminism/refs2 send usenet/news.answers/feminism/refs3 in the body of the message, leaving the subject line empty. TABLE OF CONTENTS [1-8 in part I] 9. History. 10. Implications of Beauty. 11. Lesbian Feminism. 12. Literary Writings. 13. Media Depiction of Women. 14. Military, Law Enforcement. 15. Patriarchy. 16. Pornography. 17. Positive Children's Books. [18-25 in part III] [continuing from part I] 9. History. ------------ Adamson, Nancy, Linda Briskin, and Margaret McPhail. _Feminist Organizing For Change: The Contemporary Women's Movement in Canada_. Oxford University Press (Don Mills, Ontario). 1988. Blurb: "Beginning with a detailed history of the `second wave' (post-1960), it makes a primary distinction between grass-roots and institutionalized feminism, and by emphasizing the former reveals a part of feminist organizing that has most often been invisible." Anderson, Bonnie S. and Judith P. Zinsser. _A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to Present_. Vols I and II. Harper and Row, Publishers, New York. 1988. Blurb: "...A groundbreaking and controversial history of European women -- the first to approach the past from the perspective of women and to be organized by role." Bridenthal, Renate, and Claudia Koonz, eds. _Becoming Visible, Women in European History_. An anthology going from prehistory to present day. Carden, Maren. _The New Feminist Movement_. 1974. Coote and Campbell. _Sweet Freedom: The Struggle for Women's Liberation_. 1982. DuBois, Ellen Carol and Vicki L. Ruiz, eds. _Unequal Sisters: A Multi- Cultural Reader in U.S. Women's History_. Routledge, New York. 1990. DuBoise, Ellen Carol. _Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America 1848-1869_. Third printing. Cornell Paperbacks, Cornell University Press. 1985. ISBN: 0-8014-9182-7 (trade paperback). Blurb: "...Duboise provides a framework and an analysis which link present concerns with political events more than a century ago, and by so doing illuminates both our contemporary situation and our past. Hers is a rare blend of relevance and solid scholarship..." Eisler, Riane. _The Chalice and the Blade_. Harper, San Francisco. 1987. An interesting revisionist view of history; describes a conflict between "gylanic" (cooperative, giving of life honored, stereotypically feminine) and "androcratic" (competitive, taking of life honored, stereotypically masculine) tendencies in Western history. She suggests that the problem with the latter system is not men _per se_, but the expectation that men dominate women and a few men dominate all the rest. She follows Marija Gimbutas on European prehistory, suggesting that her "Old Europe" was a good example of the former system. Caution: any attempt at finding all-encompassing principles, as she does, is probably an oversimplification. Fraser, Antonia. _The Weaker Vessel_. Vintage Books, Random House, New York. 1985. ISBN: 0-394-73251-0. Blurb: "Fraser gives us life after woman's life in choice and telling detail. This is 'hidden history'...the history of ordinary women, and therefore of ordinary men. As such it is both tantalizingly familliar and utterly exotic, close and yet distant to our own lives." Fraser, Antonia. _The Warrior Queens_. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. 1989. ISBN: 0-394-54939-2 (hardback). Blurb: "...Fraser gives us a singularly rich and provocative study of the Warrior Queens. Dramatising the often astonishing ways in which the world has perceived -- and still perceives -- women who wield power, she examines the paradox and the politics, the mythic and the real lives of the sovereign women who have led their nations in war." Gimbuta, Marija. _The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe_. c1974, 1982. Documents Neolithic Europe in detail, describing such things as settlement patterns, burial rites, a sacred script and inferences on its social structure. She proposes that "Old Europe" featured parity between the sexes, lack of interest in warfare, well-developed artistic traditions, and a belief system centered on female generative powers. Gimbuta, Marija. _The Language of the Goddess_(1989) and _The Civilization of the Goddess_(1991). Harper, San Francisco. Expands on the belief system proposed in the first book. Goreau, Angeline, ed. _The Whole Duty of a Woman: Female Writers in Seventeenth Century England_. Dial Press, Garden City, New York. 1985. Heilbrun, Carolyn G. _Writing a Woman's Life_. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-36256-X. Blurb: "With subtlety and great eloquence, Carolyn Heilbrun shows how, throughout the centuries, those who write about women's lives -- biographers AND autobiographers -- have suppressed the truth of the female experience, in order to make the "written life" conform to society's expectations of what that life should be." Hiley, Michael. _Victorian Working Women: Portraits from Life_. Gordon Fraser, London. 1979. A collection of Arther Munby's photography. It was his firm belief that women should be free to take on any job they wished. A fascinating compendium. Karlsen, Carol F. _The Devil in the Shape of a Woman: Witchcraft in Colonial New England_. W.W. Norton and Company, New York and London. 1987. Blurb: "A pioneer work in what might be called the sex<ual structuring of society. this is not just another book about witchcraft. Carol Karlsen has uncovered the assumptions, explicit and implicit, that goverened the everyday relationships of men and women in early New England...The 'witches' come alive in this book, not as stereotypes, but as real women living in a society that suspected and feared their independence and combativeness." Miles, Rosalind. _The Women's History of the World_. Perennial Library, Harper and Row, Publishers. 1990. ISBN: 0-06-097317-X. Rossi, Alice S., ed. _The Feminist Papers: From Adams to de Beauvoir_. 1st Northeastern University Press ed. Boston : Northeastern University Press, 1988, c1973. Reprint. Originally published: New York : Columbia University Press, 1973. Women, feminism and history: sources. Rothschild, Joan, ed. _Women, Technology, and Innovation_. Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York. 1982. Includes bibliography. Discusses technology and innovation on the part of women throughout history, with essays on current feminist thought on pedagogy and technology. Scharff, Virginia. _Taking the Wheel: Women and the Coming of the Motor Age_. The Free Press, Macmillian, Inc. 1991. ISBN: 0-02928135-0. Blurb: "Most men did not want or expect women to drive the new gasoline powered automobiles of the early 1900's. Women took the wheel anyway. As Virginia Scharff explains in this engaging survey, the constraints of gender affected the ways in which women met the new automotive technology but seldom slowed them down. Car culture, Scharff shows with her precise scholarship and thoughtful commentarty, was women's culture, too." Scott, Joan Wallach. _Gender and the Politics of History_. Series title: Gender and Culture. Columbia University Press, New York. 1988. She uses postructural philosophies (Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida - the latter almost considered the father of postructuralism) to analyse Gender and the way that History has been written. She "deconstructs" the texts hoping to find their biases, and so understand why they cannot be "correct," taking the position that history has repressed what it means to be a woman. Sullivan, Sorayan, translator. _Stories by Iranian Women_. Introduction by Fazaneh Milani. Center for Middle Eastern Studies. University of Texas at Austin. ISBN: 0-292-77649-7. Wilson, Katharina M., ed. _Women Writers of the Renaissance and Reformation_. University of Georgia Press. ISBN: 0-8203-0866-8. Wilson, Vincent Jr. _The Book of Distinguished American Women_. American HIstory Research Associates, PO BOX 140, Brookeville, MD 20833, 1983. ISBN 0-910086-05-2. (100p paperback) Brief but inspiring biographies of 50 (!) women who made names for themselves in fields from astronomy to public health to literature. 10. Implications of Beauty. --------------------------- Brownmiller, Susan. _Femininity_. Fawcett Columbine, New York. 1984. ISBN: 0-449-90142-4 (trade paperback). A mild (for Brownmiller) but earnest book that explores the effect that demands of "femininity" have on women. Freedman, Rita. _Beauty Bound_. Lexington Books, D.C. Heath and Company. 1988. ISBN: 0-669-11141-4 (hardback). Explores the effects that conventional notions of beauty and womens' efforts to meet them have on women. Wolf, Naomi. _The Beauty Myth_. Chatto & Windus, London, 1991. W. Morrow, New York, 1991. Examines the impact that conventional notions of feminine beauty have on women from a feminist perspective. 11. Lesbian Feminism. ---------------------- Darty, Trudy and Sandee Potter, eds. _Women-Identified Women_. Mayfield Pub. Co., Palo Alto, CA. 1984. Faderman, Lillian. _Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love between Women from the Renaissance to the Present_ New York: Quill (A division of William Morrow & Co.), 1981. Faderman, Lillian. _Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America_. Pharr, Suzanne. _Homophobia: A Weapon Of Sexism_. Chardon Press, Inverness, CA. 1988. If there is anyone out there who *doesn't* understand the connection between homophobia and sexism, I urge that person to read this fairly short book. Phelan, Shane. _Identity Politics: Lesbian Feminism and the Limits of Community_. Series Title: Women in the Political Economy. Temple University Press, Philadelphia. 1989. Rich, Adrienne. _On Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence_. Onlywomen Press, London, 1981; Antelope Publications, Denver Co., 1982. First appeared in _Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society_, Vol. 5, no. 5, 1980. Douglas, Carol Anne. _Love and Politics: Radical Feminist and Lesbian Theories_. Ism Press, San Francisco, 1990. 12. Literary Writings. ----------------------- Atwood, Margaret. _The Handmaid's Tale_. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1986. ISBN 0395404258. Description of future in which women's reproduction is completely state-controlled. Charnas, Suzy McKee. _Walk to the End of the World_. In _Radical Utopias_, Quality Paperback Book Club, New York, 1990. Charnas has also written excellent young adult fiction (_The Bronze King_, etc). This is an exploration of a post-apolcalyptic world, in which women are blamed for the apocolypse and treated accordingly. Delany, Samuel R. _Triton_. In _Radical Utopias_, Quality Paperback Book Club, New York, 1990. An exploration of gender and gender roles set in the future. Lefanu, Sarah. _Feminism and Science Fiction_. Indiana University Press. 1989. ISBN: 0-253-23100-0. From back: "Through intriguing literary criticism of the works of writers such as Joanna Russ, Ursula Le Guin, Suzy McKee Charnas, James Tiptree, Jr., and Josephine Saxton, Lefanu explores the ways in which feminsit ideas have been stealthily at work, subverting male authority in one of its strongholds." A penetrating and very interesting book. LeGuin, Ursula K. _The Left Hand of Darkness_. Ace Science Fiction Books, New York. c1969. 29th printing, 1984. ISBN: 0-441-47810-7 (paperback). Constructs a world inhabited by non-gendered people that shift from one sex to the other only for purposes of reproduction. A fascinating exploration of gender, gender roles, and gender identity. Lyrical and well written. LeGuin, Ursula K. _Dancing at the Edge of the World: Thoughts on Words, Women, Places_. Perennial Library, Harper & Row, Publishers. 1989. ISBN 0-06-097289-0. A collection of articles written by the author. Well worth reading. Russ, Joanna. "When It Changed." Originally published in _Again, Dangerous Visions_ edited by Harlan Ellison, in 1972. It was reprinted in _Kindred Spirits_ edited by Jeffrey M. Elliot, in 1984 (Alyson Publications). Also reprinted in _The Arbor House Treasury of Science Fiction_ compiled by Robert Silverberg and Martin H. Greenberg (Arbor House, New York, 1980, ISBN 0-87795-246-9). From introduction in Arbor House edition: "The planet that is the setting for Ms. Russ's story is completely devoid of men, and although this situation has been dealt with in science fiction before, it was usually in the form of 'men to the rescue' and/or a reaffirmation of the 'natural' need of one sex for the other. This is not the case here. The physiological problmes of a single-sex situation have been solved and the social system and the satisfactions deriving therefrom are perfectly logical. Like all fine science fiction, 'When it Changed' has much to tell us about the present." (p 513). Russ, Joanna. _The Female Man_. In _Radical Utopias_, Quality Paperback Book Club, New York, 1990. This is an extension of the work begun in "When it Changed." Spender, Dale. _Mothers of the Novel: 100 Good Women Novelists before Jane Austen_. Pandora Press, 1986. ISBN 0-86358-081-5. Puts the lie to every thing you learned in high school and university literature classes about how only men create LITERATURE. Tiptree, James Jr. [Alice Sheldon]. "The Women Men Don't See," in Silverberg, Robert and Martin H. Greenberg, eds, _THe Arbor House Treasury of Science Fiction. Arbor House, New York. 1980. ISBN 0-87795-246-9. From introduction: "We listen, but we don't hear. We see, but we don't understand. We reach, but we don't grasp. These human failings are a part of life for all of us and not always because of lack of effort or talent. Some things are mysterious, and life is the richer for it. Science fiction has always explored the things that are not what they seem and the things that are more than they appear to be, but rarely as disturbingly and profoundly as in this outstanding story by 'James Tiptree, Jr' (Alice Sheldon)." 13. Media Depiction of Women. ------------------------------ Mayor's Task Force on the Status of Women in Toronto. _Final Report: Issues: day care, birth control, health care, property law, sexual discrimination, equal pay for work of equal value, advertising--degrading women, affirmative action, political power, recreation, etc. etc. [Toronto: The Task Force] 1974. Adelson, Andrea, "Study Attacks Women's Roles in TV", The New York Times, November 19, 1990, page C18. Courtney, Alice E. and Thomas W. Whipple. _Sex Stereotyping in Advertising_. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. 1983. Edwardsen, Mary, ed. _The Corporate Influence on the Images of Women in Advertising: A Transcript of Public Hearings Held by the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, October 7 & 8, 1976, New York City_. The Center, New York, 1977. Fraser, Laura. "Behind the New Abortion Scam: How the New Right Uses Deceptive Advertising and Heavy-Handed Tactics to Prevent Pregnant WOmen from Choosing and Abortion". _The San Francisco Bay Guardian_. Vol 20, no 39. (July 16-23, 1986). Kilbourne, Jean, Joseph Vitagliano, Patricia Stallone. _Killing Us Softly: Advertising's Image of Women_. Videocassette. Cambridge Documentary Films, Cambridge, MA. 1979. A study of the psychological and sexual themes that pervade today's advertising for products. With a mixture of fact, insight, humor, and outrage, we are shown just how easily we are led astray by these advertisements. Kilbourne, Jean and Cambridge Documentary Films. Producer and Directory, Margaret Lazarus. _Still Killing Us Softly: Advertising's Image of Women_. Videocassette. Cambridge Documentary Films, Cambridge MA. 1987. Discusses the manner in which women are portrayed by advertising and the effects this has on women and their images of themselves. *Komisar, Lucy, "The Image of Woman in Advertising" Schwartz, L. A. and W. T. Markham, "Sex Stereotyping in Children's Toy Advertisements", _Sex Roles: A Journal of Research_, 12 (1985) 157-170. 14. Military, Law Enforcement. ------------------------------- The University Conversion Project, in the September 1992 issue, published a 32-page booklet with bibliographies, articles, list of organizations, and organizing ideas pertaining to the links between "Masculinity, War, Feminism and Non-Violence." Articles include "White Men in Ties Discussing Missile Size," by Carol Cohn, "Male Violence and Imperialism," by Lundy Bancroft, "Prostitution and the Military," by Suniti Kumar, etc. The Guide is available for $3 plus $1 postage from UCP, P.O. Box 748, Cambridge, MA 02142. You can get more information by calling (617) 354-9363 from 10am to 6pm. *Edwards, Paul N., "The Army and the Microworld: Computers and the Politics of Gender Identity" Epstein, Cynthia Fuchs. _Women in law_. Basic Books, New York, 1981; Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, NY, 1983. Stirling, S.M. "The Woman Warrior," in _New Destinies_, vol IV, Summer 1988. Baen Books. This is a well thought-out article by S.M. Stirling entitled _The Woman Warrior_. Stirling defends the idea of women serving in the military. This is a response to opinions expressed by editors who had negative comments about female warriors in fantasy stories. Although _New Destinies_ is aimed at science fiction readers, this article is factual and interesting. There is a list of references at the end of the article. McNeil, D. G. "Should Women Be Sent Into Combat?" _The New York Times_, July 21, 1991, page E3. A summary of the arguments for and against allowing women to serve in combat positions. It includes the statistic that even with pregnancy leave, enlisted women spend less time off work that enlisted men. 15. Patriarchy. ---------------- Connel, R.W. _Gender and Power: Society, The Person, and Sexual Politics_. Stanford University Press. 1987. Dinnerstein, Dorothy. _The Mermaid and the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and Human Malaise_. Harper & Row, New York. 1976. Examines the roots of patriarchy. Figes, Eva. _Patriarchal Attitudes: Women in Society_. Reprint. Persea Books, New York. 1986. ISBN: 0-89255-122-4 (trade paperback). Examines factors which have placed women in subservient roles in most societies, including Christianity, capitalism, Freud, and sexual taboos. Millet, Kate. _Sexual Politics_. New edition. Touchstone Books, Simon and Schuster Inc. 1990 (orig. 1969). ISBN: 0-671-70740-X (trade paperback). From blurb: "With searing eloquence, it traces the evolution of the women's movement starting from 1830, focusing on the profound changes in fundamental values that were -- and are -- its goal. In the tradition of feminist criticism pioneered by Simone de Beauvoir and Doris Lessing, Millett examines four key figures -- D.H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, and Jean Genet -- to illuminate how patriarchial bias and myth are reflected in the exploitation of women in literature." Perelberg, Rosine Josef, and Ann C. Miller, eds. _Gender and Power in Families_. Tavistock/Routledge, London and New York. 1990. Sargent, Lydia, ed. _Women and Revolution. A Discussion of the Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism_. South End Press, Boston, 1981. Pluto Press, London, 1981. An edited collection of articles on the nature of the relationship between capitalism and patriarchy. 16. Pornography. ----------------- "Dealing With Pornography in Academia: Report on a Grassroots Action", CMU Computer Science Graduate Students and Staff. unpublished, 1989. Baird, Robert M. and Stuart E. Rosenbaum, eds. _Pornography: Private Right or Public Menace?_. Prometheus Books. A wide and relatively unbiased collection of positions on pornography. Chapters are devoted to feminist, religious, and Libertarian perspectives. Some familiar names in the book: Brownmiller, Dworkin, and Steinem, as well as excerpts from the two US commission reports. Ben-Veniste, Richard. "Pornography and Sex Crime -- the Danish Experience." In Vol. 8, USCOP [U.S. Commision on Obscenity and Pornography] Technical Report, 1970. Califia, Pat. "Among Us, Against Us: The New Puritans," in _The Advocate_ (4/17/80, 14-18); reprinted in _Caught Looking_ (recently reprinted) Also. "See No Evil: The Anti-Porn Movement," in _The Advocate_ (9/3/85, 35-39); and "The Obscene, Disgusting and Vile Meese Commission Report," in _The Advocate_ (10/14/86, 42-46, 108-109). Challenges to the well-known feminist anti-pornographic and anti-sex stance. Downs, Donald Alexander. _The New Politics of Pornography_. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 1989. ISBN 0226161625. Explores the contemporary antipornography movement, documents the weaknesses of both absolutist sides of the conflict. Dworkin, Andrea. _Woman Hating_. Dutton, New York, 1974. Dworkin, Andrea. _Intercourse_. Free Press, New York, 1987. Dworkin, Andrea. _Pornography: Men Possessing Women_. Dutton, New York, 1989. Griffin, Susan. _Woman and Nature: The Roaring Inside Her_. Harper and Row, New York, 1980. She contends that There are similarities between the ways men in patriarchal cultures treat "women" & "nature" and alienate themselves from both. Griffin, Susan. _Pornography and Silence: Culture's Revenge Against Nature_. Harper Colophon Books, New York, 1982. Kuhn, Annette. _Women's Pictures: Feminism and Cinema_. Routledge & K. Paul, London and Boston, 1982. She feels that soft core pornography is more harmful to societal views on women than is hard core porn (hard core meaning "straight sex" films and not bondage/S&M/rape films). Kutchinksy, Berl. "Towards an Explanation of the Decrease in Registered Sex Crimes in Copenhagen." In USCOP "Technical Review", Vol 8., 1970. Kutchinksy, Berl. "Pornography and Its Effects in Denmark and the United States: A Rejoinder and Beyond." "Comparitive Social Research: An Annual. Vol. 8. Greenwich Conn.:JAI Press, 1985. Stoltenberg, John. _Refusing to be a Man: Essays on Sex and Justice_. Breitenbush Books, Portland, OR. 1989. Stoltenberg speaks to the issues of woman-hating (as a function of training from childhood) and pornography. He is persuasive, succinct, and he succeeds in clearing up a lot of confusion in these areas. Probably the most effective presentation I've seen in a very long time. Biological determinism is laid to waste. 17. Positive Children's Books. ------------------------------- *_From the Mixed up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler_. Strong female protagonist. L'Engle, Madeleine. _A Wrinkle in Time_ and many, many others. [Science fiction] AWIT is a classic. Meg Murray saves her father and little brother from the clutches of IT. Three other books follow this one, and L'Engle has written a whole slew of other children's books. Characters are wonderfully drawn, and females get strong, well drawn roles. McKinley, Robin. _The Hero and the Crown_, _The Blue Sword_. [Fantasy] Set in the ancient kingdom of Damar. The proponents of each book are heroic females who take on the foes of the kingdom. The books start out slow and finish fast. _Hero_ is also a Newberry Award winner. McKinley, Robin. _The Outlaws of Sherwood_. [Mythic fiction] This version of Robin Hood does not romanticize the life of the outlaws. It also gives a much stronger role to Marian. There are all the familiar characters, plus a few other interesting female characters. The Sheriff of Nottingham stays well in the background. Interesting version. Voigt, Cynthia. _Homecoming_. [Fiction] Three children walk across a good portion of America after being abandoned. The oldest sister is the one that pulls them through. [continued in part III] -------------- Please mail in comments, additions, corrections, suggestions, and so on to email@example.com. --Cindy Tittle Moore "If an aborigine drafted an IQ test, for example, all of Western Civilization would probably flunk."