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Emacs implementations, list of, regular post [long, FAQ]


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Last-Modified: 2009-12-16
Posting-Frequency: bi-monthly
URL: http://www.finseth.com/emacs.html
Copyright: 1990-9, 2000-9 by Craig A. Finseth
Archive-name: emacs-implementations
Disclaimer: Approval for *.answers is based on form, not content.

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
Emacs Implementations

    Document id

        Emacs Implementations and Literature
        ftp://ftp.finseth.com/users/emacs
        http://www.finseth.com/emacs.html

        Last posted 2009-12-16

       Contact:

        Craig A. Finseth <fin@finseth.com> <craigafinseth@alum.mit.edu>
        http://www.finseth.com.  Please send updates directly to the
	author via email.

        Note the information regarding "The Craft of Text Editing"!

        People interested in this FAQ might also be interested in:

            http://www.jwz.org/doc/emacs-timeline.html 

        and:

            http://www.emacswiki.org

    Copyright

        This FAQ document is Copyright 1990-9,2000-8 by Craig A. Finseth.

        It may be reproduced and archived as part of normal network
        distribution.  Such distribution is assumed to include CD/ROM or other
        bulk, unedited distribution.

        It may be reproduced for individual or non-commerical use provided
        that it is reproduced intact.

        It may be reproduced for commercial use provided:

        o   it is reproduced essentially intact including all copyright
            notices and acknowledgements,

        o   the publisher obtains the latest version directly from the
            FAQ maintainer (using the above FTP/WWW site is acceptable),

        o   the publisher provides the FAQ maintainer with information
            on what collection the copy of the FAQ is in, and how that
            collection may be obtained,

        o   all material modifications (other than formatting) are
            clearly marked.

    Posted to comp.editors, comp.emacs, alt.religion.emacs, alt.answers,
        comp.answers, news.answers

    Description

        This document provides a partial -- and not comprehensive -- list
        of implementations of Emacs-type editors and literature about such
        editors. You can help make it more comprehensive by sending me
        additional information and/or updates.

        This document is also gradually acquiring the role of a repository
        of (at least) Emacs-related history. While that subject requires a
        book to itself, this document will probably serve until someone
        (_not_ me!) writes one.

        This document is available via anonymous FTP and WWW. See above
        URLs.

        To be included in this list:

        o   A piece of literature should be a book, manual, article, paper,
            or something that covers (or mentions) Emacs in particular or
            text editing techniques in general. Specifically excluded are
            items that are only of interest to non-Emacs users (a book on
            "how to use vi") or vendor manuals for Emacs implementations
            (as those are implicitly included in the implementations).
            Non-vendor (i.e., third party) manuals are included.

        o   An implementation must either (1) be "advertised" as being an
            Emacs-type editor or (2) be extensible and come with an Emacs
            command set "mode" already written. Editors that are extensible
            but do not come with such a mode (i.e., you have to write it
            yourself) are not listed.

       The following information is included for each implementation:

        The *NAME* line contains the name of the implementation.
        Implementations are listed alphabetically by name. Acronym
        expansions are listed in ()s. Other acronyms:

            TECO    TAPE Editor and COrrector
                    (later: Text Editor and COrrector)
            EMACS   Editor MACroS

        The *LAST* *CHANGED/VERIFIED* line contains the date that the entry was
        last changed or an explict "looks ok to me" was received. This
        field was added 1994-12-20, so all entries were initialized to that
        value.

        The *ORIGINAL* *DISTRIBUTION* is the date (or partial date) of the
        first release. It is in YYYY-MM-DD format.

        The *VERSION* is the latest known version. It is probably out of
        date.

        The *BASE* *LANGUAGE* is the language that you need a compiler or
        interpreter for in order to use the editor. If the software is
        distributed as a pre-compiled binary, this should be the language
        that the program was written in.

        The *IMPLEMENTATION* *LANGUAGE* is the language that the bulk of the
        implementation is written in.

        The *EXTENSION* *LANGUAGE* is the (often custom or modified) language
        that the is used when altering or writing extensions to the
        implementation. It is "none" if there is no extension language.

        The *SCOPE* is either "command set" or "extensible." In the first
        case, the implementation offers a basic Emacs command set; however
        the user cannot readily change what the commands do. In the second
        case, the user can fully control what all of the commands do.

        The *REQUIREMENTS* is a brief characterization of what hardware or
        software is required. The purpose of this item is to offer a broad
        selection key; not be a comprehensive list. You should consult the
        implementation (for free software) or the vendor to find out
        whether a specific implementation works in your environment. For
        example:

        o   "UNIX" refers to any version of UNIX(tm) from any vendor.
        o   "IBM PC" is used to cover MS/DOS, OS/2, and Windows
            implementations.

        (Starting Dec 1994 the list will support an additional level of
        detail for IBM PCs.)

        o   "DOS" refers to MS/DOS support. May also run under Windows or
            OS/2 in some mode. - "Windows" refers to Microsoft Windows support.
        o   "OS/2" refers to to OS/2 support. - "Windows NT" refers to
            Microsoft Windows NT support.

        The *ORGANIZATION* is the name of and contact information for the
        implementor OR >CURRENT MAINTAINER<.

        The *STATUS* is one of

        o   no longer available: Self-explanatory.
        o   free: The implementation is available to most people at no
            charge. Even such "free" implementations may have restrictions:
            consult information about the particular implementation. Where
            available, information on how to obtain a copy is also listed.
        o   not free: The implementation is for sale. Contact the vendor
            for specifics.

        Many of the names of the implementations in this list are
        trademarked. Specific trademarks are not called out.

        Full source code is available for all of the free implementations.
        Source availability varies among the not free implementations:
        check with the vendor before you buy.

Table of Contents

Literature

    GNU Emacs and XEmacs: A Better Way to Learn Emacs and Lisp

            Title:          GNU Emacs and XEmacs: A Better Way to Learn Emacs and Lisp
            Author(s):      Larry Ayers
            Publisher:      Prima Publishing
            Size:           544pp
            ISBN:           0-7615-2446-0
            Price:          $49.99

        _Notes:_ 2001, with CD containing source and images of XEmacs
        21.1.14 and 21.4.3,  GNU Emacs 20.7 and 21.0, and many add-on 
        packages. Good coverage of customization and add-on packages.

    Learning Gnu Emacs, 3rd Edition

            Title:          Learning Gnu Emacs, 3rd Edition
            Author(s):      Debra Cameron, james Elliott, Marc Loy, Eric Raymond, & Bill Rosenblatt
            Publisher:      O'Reilly and Associates, Inc.
            Size:           534pp
            ISBN:           0-596-00648-9
            Price:          $39.95

        _Notes:_ Emacs 21.30 and above

    The Craft of Text Editing: Emacs for the Modern World

            Title:          The Craft of Text Editing: Emacs for the Modern World
            Author(s):      Craig A. Finseth
            Publisher:      Springer-Verlag
            Size:           220pp, 10 chapters, 5 appendices
            ISBN:           0-387-97616-7, 3-540-97616-7
            Price:          $39.95
            Japanese language edition: 4-938704-26-9 Y3600 paper

        _Notes:_ 1991-10, first edition not version specific.  The
        Springer-Verlag edition is out of print.  The book is available
	via the web at:

            http://www.finseth.com/craft

        and is also available in print form from the author.  It has ISBN
        978-1-4116-8297-9 (10-digit: 1-4116-8297-1). It is available
        from Lulu and from Amazon.com:

            http://people.lulu.com/users/index.php?fHomepage=370764
            http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1411682971

    GNU Emacs Reference

            Title:          GNU Emacs Reference
            Author(s):      Dennis Gentry
            Publisher:      Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc.
                            P.O. Box 55549
                            Seattle WA 98155
                            USA
                            +1 206 782 7733
                            +1 206 782 7191 fax
                            sales@ssc.com
            Size:           18pp, 8 1/2" x 3 1/2"
            ISBN:           0-916151-83-2
            Price:          $4.50
            Notes:          1995, updated


    The GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual, GNU Emacs Version

            Title:          The GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual, GNU Emacs Version
                            19 for Unix Users, Edition 2.01, June 1993
            Author(s):      Bil Lewis, Dan LaLiberte, Richard Stallman and the GNU
                            Manual Group
            Pubisher:       Free Software Foundation
            Size:           748pp + 18pp index
            ISBN:           1-882114-20-5
            Price:          free (see GNU Emacs sites) or for fee from FSF
            Notes:          -

    Unix Desktop Guide to Emacs

            Title:          Unix Desktop Guide to Emacs
            Author(s):      Ralph Roberts and Mark Boyd
            Consultants:    Stephen G. Kochan and Patrick H. Wood
            Publisher:      Hayden Books (SAMS)
            Size:           xxiv + 504 pages, including index
            ISBN:           0-672-30171-7
            Price:          $27.95 US, $34.95 CAN

        _Notes:_ Copr. 1992, first printing 1992 Library of Congress
        Catalog Card No. 91-62815

    GNU Emacs:  UNIX Text Editing and Processing

            Title:          GNU Emacs:  UNIX Text Editing and Processing
            Author(s):      Michael A. Schoonover, John S. Bowie, and William R. Arnold
            Publisher:      Addison-Wesley / HP Press
            Size:           640pp, 14 chapters, 4 appendices
            ISBN:           0-201-56345-2
            Price:          $26.95

        _Notes:_ 1991-11, first printing Emacs 18

    GNU Emacs Manual, Twelfth Edition, Version 19.33

            Title:          GNU Emacs Manual, Twelfth Edition, Version 19.33
            Author(s):      Richard Stallman
            Publisher:      Free Software Foundation
            Size:           506pp
            ISBN:           1-882114-52-3 (may have changed)
            Price:          free (see GNU Emacs sites) or for fee from FSF

    Sams Teach Yourself Emacs in 24 Hours, 

            Title:          Sams Teach Yourself Emacs in 24 Hours
            Author(s):      Jesper Pedersen, with contributions from
                            Jari Aalto, Charles Curley, Eric Ludlam,
                            and Larry Ayers
            Publisher:      Sams Publishing
            Size:           approx. 445pp including index, CD included
            ISBN:           0-672-31594-7
            Price:          $24.99 (to be released Apr/May 1999)

    Writing GNU Emacs Extensions

            Title:          Writing GNU Emacs Extensions
            Author(s):      Bob Glickstein
            Publisher:      O'Reilly and Associates, Inc.
            Size:           215pp
            ISBN:           1-56592-261-1
            Price:          $29.95

        _Notes:_ April 1997, First Edition. "[E]xamples ... all developed
        and tested in GNU Emacs version 19.34 under various flavors of
        UNIX.... [P]resumes familiar[ity] with programming and with Emacs."
        Lisp fundamentals are presented, with "Lisp Quick Reference."

GNU-Emacs binaries

    GNU-Emacs

            name: GNU-Emacs
            last changed/verified: 2007-08-23
            original distribution: ?
            version: 22.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements:

                too many to list

        Organization:

            Free Software Foundation
            59 Temple Place, Suite 330
            Boston MA 02111-1307
            USA
            +1 617 542 5942
            +1 617 542 2652 fax
            gnu@prep.ai.mit.edu

        Free, anonymous FTP from:

            ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/emacs/

        OS/2 (proabably obsolete data):

            http://hobbes.nmsu.edu/cgi-bin/h-browse?sh=1&dir=/pub/os2/apps/editors/emacs

        Windows Supplement (confirmed 2007-06-22):

            EmacsW32
            http://ourcomments.org/Emacs/EmacsW32.html

        Macintosh ports (proabably obsolete data):

            FSF's Emacs 20.6 port by Andrew Choi
            http://www.csis.hku.hk/~choi/emacs/index.html

            XEmacs 19.14 port to MacOS 8 and XEmacs 21.5.9 port
            to Mac OS X by Pitts Jarvis
            http://my.ispchannel.com/~pjarvis/xemacs.html

            Version 1.17 is available from:
            ftp://ftp.cs.cornell.edu/pub/parmet/
            parmet@cs.cornell.edu

            http://download.vector.co.jp/pack/mac/writing/edit/nit591.sea.bin
            This is a bare-bones Japanese version of EMACS.  It's missing all
            the cool GNU-stuff (including help),  but it does do split-
            screening and all of the cursor/text editing commands that I
            tried.  It's a 86.7K (yes, that's kilobytes!) download.  A very
            sweet blend of EMACS and Macintosh technology.
            (Edward <edodge@teleport.com>)

            http://www.csis.hku.hk/~choi/emacs/
            Version 20.6.  This is by far the most comprehensive and
            fastest version of EMACS for the Mac.  It is also the most
            actively developed version I know of.  Even mail can be
            implemented by remapping mail calls to Eudora-Lite Applescripts.
            The only bummer is that there is no GNUS and no printing!
            (Edward <edodge@teleport.com>)

            http://packages.opendarwin.org/dmgs
            Scott J. Kramer
            x-unix@sjk.us

        WinCE (proabably obsolete data):

            http://www.rainer-keuchel.de/emacs/emacs-wince.html

        Binaries only (proabably obsolete data):

        o   for win95: ftp://ftp.cs.washington.edu/pub/ntemacs/latest/i386/
            ftp://ftp.demon.co.uk/pub/ibmpc/dos/apps/editors/
            ftp.imada.ou.dk:pub/mirrors/msdos/emacs-19.24
            Randy Zack <randy@acucobol.com>, MS-DOS,
        o   Linux   sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/Distribution-HOWTO
        o   ftp://ftp.vms.stacken.kth.se/GNU-VMS/Beta/ EMACS-19_22-**.TAR-GZ.
            info at: http://www.e.kth.se/elev/levitte/gnu/emacs.html
            on the SPAN network, contact rdss::corbet

        On UUCP, contact one of (proabably obsolete data (:-)):

            hao!scicom!qetzal!upba!ugn!nepa!denny
            hqda-ai!merlin
            uunet!hutch!barber
            sun!nosun!illian!darylm
            oli-stl!root
            postmaster@uunet.uu.net
            uucp@cis.ohio-state.edu (or osu-cis!uucp)

    Ohio State also posts their UUCP instructions regularly to
    the news group comp.sources.d

    _Note:_ You can also obtain tapes and CD-ROM distributions from the FSF.

Implementations Available For No Charge

    AMIS

            name: AMIS
            last changed/verified: 2002-07-22
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Pascal
            implementation language: Pascal
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: VMS, Norsk Data, Tops10, RSTS
            organization/author:

                    Stacken Computer Club
                    c/o NADA
                    S-100 44 Stockholm
                    Sweden
                    stacken@stacken.kth.se

        _Note:_ the name is an abbreviation of "Anti-MISAER" (where "AE" is
        the "ae" glyph). "Misaer" is Swedish (svenska) for "piece of junk,
        or deep shit functionality" (translation provided by the person who
        told me about this) The name thus means "not a piece of junk."
        Tops10, RSTS, Norsk Data versions are free, send them a 1/2 inch,
        2400-foot magnetic tape and return postage VMS version is $1000 US
        (the money supports their DEC10 museum)

        Addendum from Jesper Larsson <Jesper.Larsson@dna.lth.se>: This is
        not quite correct. First, if "misAEr" is the Swedish word, "AE"
        should not be the "ae" glyph (not used in Swedish -- maybe it's
        spelled that way in Norwegian), but an "a" with two dots above
        it. Secondly, this word actually means "destitution" or "penury".
        It is closely related to the English word "misery". [ I am _not_
        going to get in the middle of a how to translate Swedish to
        English issue here -- Craig ]

            free from
                    http://pdp-10.trailing-edge.com/tops10_tools_bb-fp64b-sb/index.html


    Anthony's Editor

            name: ae (Anthony's Editor)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: Feb 92
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Unix, IBM PC, Atari ST; requires curses
            organization/author:
                    Anthony Howe
                    Mortice Kern Systems Inc.
                    35 King St N
                    Waterloo Ontario
                    Canada N2J 6W9
                    ant@mks.com
            free, periodically posted to Comp.editors

    Aquamacs

            name: Aquamacs
            last changed/verified: 2006-06-28
            original distribution: ?
            version: 0.9.9d
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    http://aquamacs.org
            free, from
                    http://aquamacs.org
            This is a port of GNU-Emacs tailored to the Macintosh Aqua
            environment.

    AxE

            name: AxE
            last changed/verified: 2001-03-14
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:
                    docs at http://www.apl.jhu.edu/~larry/unix/unixdocs/editors/axe.html
                    http://it.aminet.net/pub/Unix/pkgs/editor/axe/

        Note: This is a GUI based Emacs-like editor using Athena widgets.

    Barry's Emacs

            name: Barry's Emacs
            last changed/verified: 2004-07-29
            original distribution: 1994
            version: V7.2.0 Win32,Release build 242
            base language: C++
            implementation language: MLisp
            extension language: MLisp, Python
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Windows, Unix
            organization/author:
                    Barry Scott
                    barry@barrys-emacs.org
            free, from:
                    http://www.barrys-emacs.org/
            a bit of history...the source was posted to the net by James
            Gosling (in about 1980-ish, I think). It was modifed by Barry,
            within Digital Equipment Corporation. It ran on VMS and was
            available only internally to Digital. The language changed to
            Bliss-32 (better performance on VMS) and then to C (for
            portability) and now C++. Barry left Digital in 1994 and about
            then (or perhaps a little sooner?) released to the public.
            -- Jack Horsfield <jack_horsfield@altavista.net>

    Bzdired

            name: bzdired
            last changed/verified: 1997-09-03
            original distribution: 1998
            version: 7.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: superset of what you type
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Unix
            organization/author:
                    Ralph Betza (FM)
                    gnohmon@scscomm.com
            free, from:
                    http://scscomm.com/~gnohmon/dired.cpio.gz

    Climax

            name: Climax
            last changed/verified: 2007-09-26
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: Lisp?
            extension language: Lisp?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:
            free from
                    http://common-lisp.net/project/climacs/

    Demacs

            name: Demacs
            last changed/verified: 1999-08-14
            original distribution: 1992?
            version: 1.2.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, 386 or better, MS-DOS
            organization/author:
                    Manabu Higashida
                    Osaka University
                    JAPAN
                    manabu@sigmath.osaka-u.ac.jp

                    HIRANO Satoshi
                    University of Tokyo
                    Japan
                    hirano@tkl.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp.sigmath.osaka-u.ac.jp in pub/Msdos/Demacs/*
                    utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp in GNU/demacs/*
                    on Garbo-PC mirror sites
                    ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/

        _Note:_ Demacs is currently based on GNU Emacs version 18.55 (partly
        18.57). You may wish to check out OEmacs, GNU-Emacs v19.23 or
        later, or NTEmacs.

    E3

            name: E3
            last changed/verified: 2000-11-22
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: C,asm
            implementation language: C
            extension language: C
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Linux, FreeBSD, BeOs
            organization/author:
                    ?
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http;//www.sax.de/~adlibit/

    EDMACS

            name: EDMACS
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 2.0
            base language: TECO
            implementation language: TECO
            extension language: TECO
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: PDP/11
            organization/author:
                    Michael Bloom
                    mb@ttidca.tti.com
            free, anonymous FTP from

                    usc.edu in /pub/teco/soflib.tar.Z
                    (in subdir "11-737" of tar image)

            DECUS program library as DECUS #11-737 (nominal media charge)

    Edwin

            name: Edwin
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: CScheme
            implementation language: CScheme
            extension language: CScheme
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, 386-DOS
            organization/author:
                    Scheme Distribution
                    c/o Prof. Hal Abelson
                    545 Technology Sq. Room 410
                    Cambridge MA 02139
                    USA
                    info-cscheme-request@zurich.ai.mit.edu
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    zurich.ai.mit.edu in pub/scheme/README
            also, check out other Scheme implementations

    Elle

            name: Elle (Elle Looks Like Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 4.1g
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, MINIX, TOPS-20, TOPS-10 (!)
            organization/author:
                    Ken Harrenstein
                    c/o SRI International
                    333 Ravenswood Ave
                    Menlo Park CA  94025
                    USA
                    klh@nisc.sri.com
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    nisc.sri.com in pub/klh/elle.tar (or elle.tar.Z)

    Emacs

            name: Emacs
            last changed/verified: 2006-03-21
            original distribution: 1975
            version: 165
            base language: MIDAS (PDP10/DEC-20 assembly language)
            implementation language: TECO
            extension language: TECO
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: PDP10/ITS or DEC-20/TOPS-20
            organization/author:
                    Richard M. Stallman
                    MIT AI Lab/MIT Lab. for Comp. Sci.
                    545 Technology Square
                    Cambridge MA 02139
                    USA
            http://pdp-10.trailing-edge.com/tapes/mit_emacs_170_teco_1220.tap.bz2

        _Note:_ this is the original free, anonymous FTP from ?

    Emacs for HP49G and HP49G+

            name: Emacs for HP49G and HP49G+
            last changed/verified: 2004-03-05
            original distribution: 2000-?-?
            version: 2.00
            base language: HP49G-specific
            implementation language: HP49G-specific
            extension language: HP49G-specific
            scope of implementation: command
            hardware/software requirements:
                    HP49G or HP49G+ calculator
            organization/author:
                    Carsten Dominik, dominik science.uva.nl
                    Peter Geelhoed, p.f.geelhoed wbmt.tudelft.nl
            free anonymous FTP:
                    http://www.astro.uva.nl/~dominik/hpcalc/emacs/

        _Note:_ While possibly not a "real" Emacs, this is just too
        cool to leave out.

    Emacs for NeXTstep

            name: Emacs for NeXTstep (aka Emacs.app)
            last changed/verified: 1995-06-15
            original distribution: 1994-04-24
            version: 4.1
            base language: Objective C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Any hardware/software which GNU Emacs
                    19.28 runs on in general.  To use the added NeXTstep features
                    requires NeXTstep 3.x or later (for best results 3.3 or later)
                    on any hardware platform supported by NeXTstep.
            organization/author:
                    Carl Edman
                    Department of Physics
                    Princeton University
                    Princeton NJ 08540
                    USA
                    cedman@princeton.edu
            free anonymous FTP:
                    - Binary package for m68k, i386, hppa and sparc NeXTstep machines on
                      ftp.cs.orst.edu in
                      pub/next/binaries/editors/Emacs_for_NeXTstep_4.1.pkg.NIHS.b.tar.gz.
                    -  Source on ftp.cs.orst.edu in
                      pub/next/sources/editors/Emacs_for_NeXTstep_4.1.src.NIHS.s.tar.gz.

        _Note:_ Emacs for NeXTstep 4.1 is a superset of GNU Emacs 19.28
        with which it shares most of the code. The main change is that this
        Emacs supports the NeXTstep window system on the same level as GNU
        Emacs supports the X window system. It continues to fully support
        the X window system as well.

        Also, this may be new information on the same release: Emacs.app, a
        full port of GNU Emacs to NeXTstep also supporting NS features,
        runs on Intel, NeXT, and HP hardware.

        There are also two mailing lists for Emacs for NS,
        <emacs-for-ns-users@lists.princeton.edu> and
        <emacs-for-ns-announce@lists.princeton.edu>. The former is intended
        for general discussion and allows anybody to post. The latter
        restricts posting and should contain only a handful of
        announcements of new releases every year. Both of these lists are
        handled by the CREN Listproc which means that you can subscribe and
        unsubscribe automatically. For example, to subscribe to
        emacs-for-ns-users I'd send a message with the content `SUBSCRIBE
        emacs-for-ns-users Carl Edman' to <listproc@lists.princeton.edu>.
        For more details write to the same address with the content `HELP'.

        This is the second public release of Emacs for NeXTstep (**).

        ** So why in the world is it called version 4.1 ? To avoid
        confusion with the older Emacs.app interface (lately up to
        version 3.1) which is completely unrelated except for the fact
        that its author, Michael Brouwer, has been a major contributor to
        this project as well. And even he has replaced the old Emacs.app
        with Emacs for NeXTstep.

    Emacs for OS X and OS 9

            name: Emacs
            last changed/verified: 2005-02-03
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Sebastien Kirche
                    sebastien.kirche@free.fr
            free, from
                    http://sebastien.kirche.free.fr/emacs_stuff/
                    http://sebastien.kirche.free.fr/emacs_stuff/en.html

            OS X and OS 9 ports.

    EmACT 

            name: EmACT
            last changed/verified: 2007-01-03
            original distribution: 1986 (bundled with Let'C compiler)
            version: 2.50.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Minimal Lisp and/or OpenLisp (this one is not GPL)
            scope of implementation: command set, tailored for Lisp programs
            hardware/software requirements: Windows, Pocket PC, Unix
            organization/author:
                    Christian Jullien - Eligis
                    4, villa des reinettes
                    S-95390 Saint-Prix
                    France
                    jullien(at)eligis(.)com
            free (GPL) from
                    http://www.eligis.com/emacs

        Note: this a 1986 fork (sic!) of Conroy's MicroEmacs. The name
        comes from a company the author worked for when starting this
        development.  The motivation was to implement a Lisp-friendly
        editor on MS-DOS PC to write programs for Le-Lisp dialect.
        It is now the editor of choice for OpenLisp
        (see http://www.eligis.com).

    Epoch

            name: Epoch
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 4.2
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, others
            organization/author:
                    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
                    Urbana-Champaign IL
                    USA
                    epoch-request@cs.uiuc.edu
                    uunet!uiucdcs!epoch-request
                    epoch-request%cs.uiuc.edu@uiucvmd.bitnet
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    cs.uiuc.edu in pub/epoch-files/epoch/*

        _Note:_ this is a modified GNU Emacs. Has been merged with Lucid
        emacs.

    Ermacs

            name: Ermacs
            last changed/verified: 2003-09-25
            original distribution: ?
            version: 0.9
            base language: Erlang
            implementation language: Erlang
            extension language: Erlang
            scope of implementation: Erlang
            hardware/software requirements: Erlang, S-Lang
            organization/author:
                    Luke Gorrie
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http://www.bluetail.com/~luke/ermacs/

    Evi

            name: evi
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1988-01-01
            version: 0.1
            base language: any vi editor itself
            implementation language: UNIX Bourne shell,
                    vi key mappings and vi command files
            extension language: vi key mappings and vi command files
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: a vi editor that can map keys and
                    read command files
            organization/author:
                    Bo Thide', of the Swedish Inst. of Space Physics
                    bt@irfu.uucp
            free, anonymous ftp from
                    ftp://ftp.uu.net/pub/text-processing/vi/macros/evi.tar.Z

        _Note:_ This is a set of vi macros that does a fairly full Emacs
        implementation.

    FINE

            name: FINE (Fine Is Not Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 2002-07-22
            original distribution: 1980?
            version:
            base language: BLISS-10
            implementation language: BLISS-10
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: PDP-10
            organization/author:
                    Mike Kazar
                    Carnegie Mellon University
                    USA
            free from
                    ftp://ftp.ultimate.com/pdp10/fine/

    Folding Editor

            name: fe (folding editor)
            last changed/verified: 2004-12-14
            original distribution: 1.0
            version: 1.6
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: C
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, SYSV curses
            origanization:
                    Michael Haardt
                    Guestener Strasse 8
                    52445 Titz
                    Germany
                    michael@moria.de
                    http://www.moria.de/~michael/fe/

        _Note:_ `fe' is a library of editor primitives, with the user
        interface built on top of that library. - fe is a successor to
        Origami.

    Freemacs

            name: Freemacs
            last changed/verified: 2007-08-23
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.6a
            base language: 8086 assembler
            implementation language: 8086 assembler
            extension language: MINT, a string-oriented interpreter inspired by TRAC
                    P(MINT means "Mint Is Not TRAC")
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC

        Organization/author:

            Russell Nelson
            11 Grant Street
            Potsdam NY 13676
            USA

        Internet: anonymous FTP from

            ftp.cygnus.com in /pub/embedded/free-dos/editors/

        BBS:

            +1 315 268 6667 - 1200/2400 bps, 8N1, 24 hrs, pub/msdos/freemacs
            No registration required to download Freemacs.

        Bitnet and UUCP:

        Send mail to archive-server@sun.soe.clarkson.edu. You may use
        archive-server%sun.soe@omnigate if you are on Bitnet, or
        {smart-host}!sun.soe.clarkson.edu!archive-server if you are using
        UUCP. The mail message should consist of 'help'. If you do not
        get a reply within a day, then your return path is broken. You'll
        need to use the path command to give a mail address that our
        mailer can grok. Our mailer can send mail to any address with an
        '@' in it, with the exception of ".UUCP" pseudo-addresses. Mail:
        $15 check or $17 PO copying fee to the author. This will assure
        you of the latest version. Please specify floppy format: [5.25,
        1.2 Meg], [5.25, 360K], [3.50, 720K]

    Freyja

            name: Freyja (Freyja Reduksjon Emacs, Ytre Jevn All: Freyja Reduces
                    Emacs, Yet Joins All)
            last changed/verified: 2002-06-26
            original distribution: 1991
            version: 2.3
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command
            hardware/software requirements: DOS, UNIX, HP95LX, HP100LX
            organization/author:
                    Craig Finseth
                    1343 Lafond
                    St. Paul MN  55104-2437
                    USA
                    +1 651 644 4027
                    craig@finseth.com
            free from the author
                    http://www.finseth.com/index.html#Freyja

        _Note:_ optimized for RAM-based computing (laptops and palmtops)

    Gnome

            name: Gnome (Generally NOt the Micro Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 2001-03-14
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: VMS, Atari, MSDOS, Unix, CPM
            organization/author:
                    http://www.mirror.ac.uk/collections/hensa-micros/local/msdos/text/gnome/gnome.arc%5Bpeek%5D
                    http://www.su.shuttle.de/gnome24.tgz

                    ?

        Note: This is another old spin off Micro Emacs 2.x, small and
        fast.  Sources should be in the old atari-archives (if
        atari.archive.umich.edu exists, if not point ftpsearch to gnome.arc)
        supports VMS, Atari, MESSDOS, Unix 7, CP/M.

    GNU-Emacs, Macintosh port

            name: GNU-Emacs, Macintosh port
            last changed/verified: 1995-01-11
            original distribution: 1993
            version: 1.17
            base language: C  (CodeWarrior 6-7)
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh, System 7
            organization:
                    ?
            free, anonymous FTP from:
                    ftp://ftp.cs.cornell.edu/pub/parmet

        _Note:_ based on 18.59, FAT binary

        _Note:_ see also the "Macintosh" section of the GNU Emacs writeup

    Gnu TeXmacs

            name: Gnu TeXmacs
            last changed/verified: 2002-04-03
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.0.0.1
            base language: C++
            implementation language: C++
            extension language: Scheme
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Unix or Cygwin
            organization/author:
                    Joris van der Hoeven, <mailto:vdhoeven@texmacs.org>
            free
                    http://www.texmacs.org/
                    http://www.alqua.com/tmresources/ 

        _Note_: TeXmacs is a wysiwyg typesetting system that
        interfaces with symbolic math packages. It borrows from emacs
        the use of configurable keybindings.  Near fututre: More extension
        languages (Perl), better Web browsing capabilities, MathML support.

    Gulam

            name: Gulam
            last changed/verified: 2001-10-18
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: Atari
            organization/author:

                    ?

        Note: Another Micro Emacs 2 derivative extended by the possibility
        to act as a Unix-like shell on the Atari ST.

        Gulam is a command line interpreter. The Atari ST (an MC68000-based
        personal computer) version was released as a non-profit distribution
        to the public in 1987. It is now kept in all the anonymous FTP
        archives for that machine. It was in daily use by thousands. It
        integrated an Emacs-like editor, command line history, etc. into a
        very compact program. These features are now common-place in modern
        shells. 

    Hemlock

            name: Hemlock
            last changed/verified: 2000-10-09
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: CMU Common Lisp; MACH and/or SunOS
            organization/author:
                    Scott Fahlman
                    CMU Common Lisp project
                    Carnegie-Mellon University
                    USA
                    Scott.Fahlman@CS.CMU.EDU
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http://www.debian.org/Packages/stable/devel/cmucl-hemlock.html
                    http://www.debian.org/Packages/unstable/devel/cmucl-hemlock.html
            also not free as part of Lucid Common Lisp

    Jade

            name: Jade (anagram of: A Jed)
            Last changed/verified: 1998-10-01
            original distribution: 1993
            version: 3.2 / 4.0 alpha
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX with X11
            organization/author:
                    John Harper
                    john@dcs.warwick.ac.uk
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp://ftp.dcs.warwick.ac.uk/people/John.Harper/jade/
                    http://www.dcs.warwick.ac.uk/~john/jade/

    Jasspa

            name: Jasspa MicroEmacs, also NanoEmacs
            Last changed/verified: 2004-03-29
            original distribution: ?
            version: 2004.03
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, Windows, DOS
            organization/author:
                    see site
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http://www.jasspa.com

    JED

            name: JED
            last changed/verified: 1998-04-27
            original distribution: ?
            version: 0.F98.1B
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: S-Lang
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, X11, VMS, DOS, OS/2, Windows,
                    small systems
            organization/author:
                    John E. Davis
                    davis@space.mit.edu
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp://space.mit.edu/pub/davis/jed
                    http://space.mit.edu/%7Edavis/jed.html
            From a user:

        ...and I think it is worth to mention that JED (which is the
        "GNUishest" of all the non-GNU implementations -- almost *every*
        keystroke is like within GNU/XEmacs) has the complete editing
        part of the AUCTEX-package built in, with BibTeX-mode, so if you
        have to edit La/BibTeX-source outside your home/business, JED
        might be your first choice.

        And, what's more than that: JED runs on the smallest PC systems
        used these days: in the library etc. I take my Toshiba T1000
        (which was the first laptop and has a 4.77 MHz CPU in it: 512 KB
        RAM, *no* HD and a single FD) -- and works like a charm since it
        loads the necessary modules into memory only when needed (dired
        etc.).

        Unlike "freemacs" (which was my favourite editor before JED) it
        can manage files over 64 KBytes in size and it is further under
        development.

        Since it runs on Linux to (with a special XJed binary) I use it
        for quick tasks on my desktop, too.

    JEmacs (Kawa)

            name: Kawa (JEmacs)
            last changed/verified: 2000-06-04
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.6.66
            base language: Java
            implementation language: Java, Scheme, Emacs Lisp
            extension language: Java, Scheme, Emacs Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Unix, Windows, Macinotsh
            organization/author:
                    Per Bothnet
                    per@bothner.com
                    http://www.bothner.com/~per
            free from
                    http://www.JEmacs.net
                    http://www.gnu.org/software/kawa/
                    http://home.earthlink.net/~athene/2/scheme/mackawa.html
                    (Macintosh version)

    JOE

            name: JOE (Joe's Own Editor)
            last changed/verified: 2000-11-03
            original distribution: 1992? (that's in the copyright notice)
            version: 2.8
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: macros
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, DOS
            organization/author:
                    Joseph H Allen
                    jhallen@world.std.com
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp.std.com in src/editors/joe2.8.tar.Z

    JOVE, Jonathan's Own Version of Emacs

            name: Jove (Jonathan's Own Version of Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1996-04-23
            original distribution: 1984...
            version: 4.16 (1996 Mar 19)
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, MSDOS, Win32, Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Hugh Redelmeier
                    hugh@mimosa.com
                    +1 416 482 8253

                    list is jovehacks@cs.toronto.edu
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp.cs.toronto.edu in pub/moraes/jove/
                    also in the Berkeley UNIX distribution
            note: see also Tovj

    KEmacs, Kanji Emacs

            name: KEmacs (Kanji Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, Amiga, Atari ST,
                    Macintosh, Wicat, Data General
            organization/author:

                    SANETO (sanewo) Takanori
                    Corporate Research Laboratories Atsugi
                    SONY
                    Japan

        _note:_ Japanese (Kanji) adaptation of MicroEMACS version 3.8i

        Free, anonymous FTP from

            ftp.hawaii.edu in pub/editors/=TAR.Z=FILES=/kemacs.tar.Z
            pub/editors/kemacs.tarZ

    ME2, Mutt Editor II

            name: ME2 (Mutt Editor II)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1986
            version: 3.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: Mutt
            extension language: Mutt ("A bizarre mix of Lisp and Algol-like
                    languages, compiled external to the editor")
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, IBMPC, Atari
            organization/author:
                    Craig Durland
                    3419 SW Knollbrook
                    Corvallis OR 97333
                    USA
                    +1 503 750 3354
                    craig@cv.hp.com
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    hpcvaaz.cv.hp.com in pub/pub/me3.shar.Z, pub/pub/me3.exe

    Meadow

            name: Meadow, Multilingual enhancement to gnu Emacs with
                    ADvantages Over Windows
            last changed/verified: 2000-12-13
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: C?
            implementation language: Lisp?
            extension language: Lisp?
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: 

        Organization/author:

            Hisashi Miyashita
            himi@bird.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp

        _Note:_ With the multilingual support now merged into NTEmacs in
        20.4, it is no longer necessary to use a special version of Emacs
        for other languages, but MULE users may find upgrading to Meadow
        easier than to NTEmacs because of slight differences in the way
        they handle fonts. Meadow also has a couple of features that are
        still missing from NTEmacs, such as support for native IMEs and
        the special keys on Japanese keyboards.

        Free, anonymous FTP from

            ?

    MG, MicroGNU Emacs

            name: MG, (was: MicroGNU Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 2007-08-23
            original distribution: 1986
            version: 2a
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, AmigaDOS, Atari ST,
                    OS/9-68K, Primos
            organization/author:
                    Mike Meyer
            but contact:
                    mg-support@ucbvax.berkeley.edu
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    gatekeeper.pa.dec.com in rom/fred-fish/FF_DISKS/100-199/FF147.LZH
            possibly also at
                    http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=mg&apropos=0&sektion=0&manpath=OpenBSD+Current&arch=i386&format=html

    MicroEMACS

            name: MicroEMACS
            last changed/verified: 1998-05-26
            original distribution: ?
            version: 4.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, OS/2
                    HP 110 and 150, Amiga, Atari ST, Macintosh, Wicat,
                    Data General AOS/VS, Apple IIgs
                    kanji: Fujitsu FMR-70, NEC PC-9891
            organization/author:
                    Daniel M. Lawrence
                    617 New York St
                    Lafayette IN 47901
                    USA
                    +1 317 742 5153
                    dan@mdbs.uucp
            FIDO:  The Programmer's Room 201/10
                    +1 317 742 5533
                    24 hours 300/1200/2400 baud
            free (non-commercial), anonymous FTP from
                    aquest.com in pub/uemacs400/disk1
                    Source and development files
                            pub/uemacs400/disk2
                            MSDOS/Windows/Windows 95/
                            Windows NT / OS/2
                    distribution disk
                    http://members.xoom.com/uemacs/
            ask author about commercial use and distribution via disk ($25)

    MicroEMACS #2

            name: MicroEMACS
            last changed/verified: 2002-10-09
            original distribution: 1986-12-01
            version: 02-oct-87
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, OS/2
                    HP 110 and 150, Amiga, Atari ST, Macintosh,
                    Data General AOS/VS
            organization/author:
                    Dave G. Conroy
                    Christian M. Jullien
            free (non-commercial), anonymous FTP from
                    src: http://www.roumazeilles.net/ZIP/EMAXORIG.ZIP
                    (info: http://www.roumazeilles.net/news/nw/news0046.php)

    MicroEMACS #3

            name: MicroEMACS
            last changed/verified: 2002-10-09
            original distribution: 1987 (unsure)
            version: 3.12a (23-jun-93)
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, OS/2
                    MS-Windows 3.11+, and a number of weird ones
            organization/author:
                    Yves Roumazeilles
                    27-31 rue Robert de Flers, 75015 Paris (France)
                    +33 1 45 75 92 75
                    Yves@Roumazeilles.net
            free (non-commercial), from:
                    src: http://www.roumazeilles.net/ZIP/UEMACS312a.ZIP
                    (info: http://www.roumazeilles.net/news/nw/news0046.php)
            notes:
                    This one is a minor evolution from MicroEmacs v3.12
                    from Daniel M. Lawrence. It was a tentative change that
                    did not bring any useful fruits.

    MicroEMACS #4

            name: MicroEMACS
            last changed/verified: 2002-10-09
            original distribution: 1987 (unsure)
            version: 3.12
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, OS/2
                    MS-Windows 3.11+, and a number of weird ones
            organization/author:
                    Daniel M. Lawrence
            free (non-commercial), from:
                    src: http://http://www.roumazeilles.net/ZIP/Uemacs312.zip
                    (info: http://www.roumazeilles.net/news/nw/news0046.php)
            notes:
                    This one is almost certainly an old version of a MicroEMACS
                    shown elsewhere in the FAQ.

    MULE, Multi-Lingual Enhancment to Emacs

            name: MULE (Multi-Lingual Enhancment to Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1995-07-14
            original distribution: ?
            version: 2.2.2
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, NT

        Maintainer:

            nemacs@etl.go.jp

        Organization/author:

            Ken'ichi Handa
            Electrotechnical Lab.
            Machine Inference Section
            ElectroTechnical Laboratory
            Umezono 1-1-4
            Tsukuba City
            Japan 305
            +81 298 58 5916
            fax +81 298 58 5918
            handa@etl.go.jp
            handa%etl.go.jp@relay.cs.net

        _Note:_ supports many scripts including most European languages,
        Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Thai, Vietnamese in the same buffer.
        Much of this may be incorporated into GNU Emacs 19. Also ported to
        MS/DOS by the Demacs developer.

        Free, anonymous FTP from

              for Japanese sites:
                    etlport.etl.go.jp [192.31.197.99]:/pub/mule
                            Manager: Ken'ichi HANDA <handa@etl.go.jp>
              for sites not in Japan:
                    sh.wide.ad.jp [133.4.11.11]:/JAPAN/mule
                            Manager: Akira KATO <kato@wide.ad.jp>
              The following sites are mirroring mule and will get ready
                with in a few days [of 1 March 1995].
              for Japanese sites:
                    ftp.mei.co.jp [202.13.88.131]: /archive/free/gnu/emacs/Mule
                            Manager: Motohide Murakami <murakami@msr.mei.co.jp>
                    ftp.iij.ad.jp [192.244.176.50]:/pub/misc/mule
                            Manager: Takamichi MIYOSHI <miyoshi@iij.ad.jp>
              for US sites:
                    ftp.cs.buffalo.edu [128.205.32.9]:/pub/mule
                            Manager: Rafhael Cedeno <cedeno@cs.Buffalo.EDU>
              for other foreign sites:
                    ftp.funet.fi [128.214.6.100]:/index/mule
                            Manager: Hannu Aronsson <haa@cs.hut.fi>
                    cs.huji.ac.il [132.65.16.10]:/pub/gnu/mule
                            Manager: The System Group <system@cs.huji.ac.il>
            based on Emacs 19.28

    Nemacs, Nihongo Emacs

            name: Nemacs (Nihongo Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 3.3.2
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS
            maintainer:
                    nemacs@etl.go.jp
            organization/author:
                    Ken'ichi Handa
                    Electrotechnical Lab.
                    Machine Inference Section
                    ElectroTechnical Laboratory
                    Umezono 1-1-4
                    Tsukuba City
                    Japan 305
                    +81 298 58 5916
                    fax +81 298 58 5918
                    handa@etl.go.jp
                    handa%etl.go.jp@relay.cs.net
            note: Japanese (Nihongo) adaptation of GNU-Emacs
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp.hawaii.edu in pub/editors/nemacs-3.3.2.tar.Z

    NILE

            name: NILE
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            maintainer:
                    whoever is maintaining NIL
            organization/author:
                    Richard Soley
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ?

    NotGNU

            name: NotGNU
            last changed/verified: 1999-07-01
            original distribution: January 1993
            version: 1.95 May 1999
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            requirements: DOS, Windows 3/95/98/NT, X11/OSF
            organization/author:
                    Julie Melbin
                    P.O. Box 1007
                    Groton MA 01450
                    USA
                    julie@world.std.com
            free, anonymous ftp from
                    new web site http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Network/4154/

    NTEmacs

            name: NTEmacs
            last changed/verified: 2000-02-18
            original distribution: 1993?
            version: ?
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, DEC Alpha, or MIPS running Windows NT
            organization/author:
                    Geoff Voelker
                    voelker@cs.washington.edu
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/windows/emacs
                    http://www.fsf.org/software/emacs/windows/ (FAQ)
                    ftp.cs.washington.edu in /pub/ntemacs
                    http://www.cs.washington.edu/homes/voelker/ntemacs.html

        _Note:_ NTEmacs is currently based on GNU Emacs version 19.17 As of
        10/8/94, a beta test version of Emacs 19.27 ported to Windows NT is
        available from june.cs.washington.edu:/pub/voelker/trial. The port
        will be merged into a forthcoming release of GNU Emacs.

        Latest versions are 19.34, 20.3 and 20.4 which may be for Win 95
        and Win NT only.

    Ntemacs.exe

            name: ntemacs.exe
            last changed/verified: 1995-02-16
            original distribution: 1995?
            version: ?
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Windows NT
            organization/author:
                    Conguent Corporation
                    +1 212 431 5100
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp://microlib.cc.utexas.edu/microlib/nt/gnu/.
            note: Conguent sells support

    Nitemacs

            name: Nitemacs
            last changed/verified: 1999-04-26
            original distribution: 1994
            version: 5.9.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: N/A
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Shigeru Chiba, University of Tsukuba, Japan
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http://www.softlab.is.tsukuba.ac.jp/~chiba/nitemacs.html
            "An Emacs-like lightweight editor"

    NTNOT

            name: NTNOT
            last changed/verified: 2002-03-19
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:

                    ?

        _Notes:_ This may be NotGNU as the NotGNU executable is "NTNOT.EXE".

    OEmacs

            name: OEmacs
            last changed/verified: 1999-08-19
            original distribution: ?
            version: 4.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC or DESQview/X
            organization/author:
                    Darryl Okahata
                    Internet: darrylo@sr.hp.com
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    on Garbo-PC mirror sites
                    ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/
            note: based upon GNU Emacs V19.19, successor to DEmacs

    PE, PalEdit

            name: PE (PalEdit)
            last changed/verified: 2001-11-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 2.3
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: N/A
            scope of implementation: N/A
            hardware/software requirements: palmtop environment, DOS?
            organization/author:
                    Andreas Garzotto
                    garzotto@swssai.uu.ch
            free, download
                    http://www.palmtop.net/super6.html

    QEmacs

            name: QEmacs
            last changed/verified: 2005-10-31
            original distribution: ?
            version: 0.3.1
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: N/A
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:
            free
                    http://fabrice.bellard.free.fr/qemacs/
            note: Full screen editor with an Emacs compatible key subset
                    (including undo and incremental search) and emacs
                    look and feel.

    SXEmacs

            name: SXEmacs
            last changed/verified: 2006-04-24
            original distribution: 2004-12-31
            version: 22.1.3
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:
            free
                    http://www.sxemacs.org

    Tint

            name: Tint
            last changed/verified: 2002-10-02
            original distribution: 1998
            version: 0.14
            base language: C++
            implementation language: C++/Tint
            extension language: tint
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Darwin, Windows
            organization/author:
                    Michael K Montague, <mailto:mikemon@exmsft.com>
            free
                    http://tintware.sourceforge.net/

    TkEmacs

            name: TkEmacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: N/A
            scope of implementation: N/A
            hardware/software requirements: X11
            organization/author:
                    Sven Delmas
                    TU Berlin
                    Germany
                    garfield@cs.tu-berlin.de

                    Juergen Nickelsen
                    TU Berlin
                    Germany
                    nickel@cs.tu-berlin.de
            free, anonymous FTP from:
                    barkley.berkeley.edu in /pub/tkemacs/
                    coma.cs.tu-berlin.de in /pub/tkemacs/

        _Note:_ TkEmacs is a text widget for Tcl/Tk using GNU Emacs 18.58.
        The package contains XfEmacs, an application of the TkEmacs widget,
        providing scrollbars, configurable drop-down menus, etc.

    Tovj, Tom's own version of Jove

            name: Tovj (Tom's own version of Jove), may be renatmed to Jat
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 4.6.14.32 patch-level 11
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, IBM PC, Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Tom Hageman
                    tom@icce.rug.nl
                    Karel Kubat
                    karel@icce.rug.nl
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    ftp.icce.rug.nl in pub/tom/jove/jove-4.6.14.32#11.tar.gz
                    also other directories i the file

    Treemacs

            name: treemacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, others
            organization/author:
                    Vipin Swarup
                    Dept. of Computer Science
                    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
                    USA
                    swarup@a.cs.uiuc.edu
                    USENET ...!{cmcl2,seismo,uunet}!uiucdcs!swarup
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    cs.uiuc.edu in pub/treemacs/*

        _Notes:_ this is a modified GNU Emacs 18.51. It is GNU Emacs
        extended to allow the direct editing of tree structures.

    Xedit

            name: xedit, xedplus
            last changed/verified: 2001-03-14
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            organization/author:
                    http://siag.nu

        Note: Most anything using Athena widgets counts.  This version
        is part of the Siag office package.

    XEmacs, Emacs the next generation

            name: XEmacs (nee Lucid GNU Emacs (lemacs))
            last changed/verified: 2004-06-15
            original distribution: April 1992
            version: 21.4.15
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, Windows
            maintained by the Xemacs Development Team, xemacs-beta@xemacs.org
            free, anonymous FTP from:
                    ftp://ftp.xemacs.org/pub/xemacs
            mailing lists:
                    http://www.xemacs.org/Lists/
            FAQ:
                    http://www.xemacs.org/faq/xemacs-faq.html
            Releases:
                    http://www.dk.xemacs.org/Releases/index.html#Stable

    Xyzzy

            name: Xyzzy
            last changed/verified: 2002-11-17
            original distribution: ?
            version: ?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: ?
            scope of implementation: ?
            hardware/software requirements: ?
            free from:
                    http://www.jsdlab.co.jp/~kamei/
            FAQ:
                    http://www.netlaputa.ne.jp/~henmi/lisp/xyzzy/#cust01
                    http://dns.carabiner-systems.com/xyzzy/

    YR-Emacs

            name: YR-Emacs
            last changed/verified: 2002-10-09
            original distribution: 1987
            version: 1.30a
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, OS/2,
                    MS-Windows 3.11+, and a number of weird ones
            organization/author:
                    Yves Roumazeilles
                    27-31 rue Robert de Flers, 75015 Paris (France)
                    +33 1 45 75 92 75
                    Yves@Roumazeilles.net
            free, from:
                    src: http://www.roumazeilles.net/ZIP/EMAX130A.ZIP
                    (info: http://www.roumazeilles.net/news/nw/news0046.php)

    Zile, Zile is lossy Emacs

            name: Zile (Zile is lossy Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 2001-08-20
            original distribution: 1997-06-08
            version: 1.6
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, ncurses
            organization/author:
                    Sandro Sigala
                    Viale De Gasperi, 8
                    25041 Boario Terme (Brescia)
                    Italy
                    sandro@sigala.it
            free, anonymous FTP from
                    http://zile.sourceforge.net/
                    http://www.sigala.it/sandro/
                    ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/apps/editors/emacs/clones

Implementations Sold by Vendors

    ADEPT

            name: ADEPT
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language:
            implementation language:
            extension language: yes, but not available to users
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Wang VS
            organization/author:
                    Wang
                    Jimmy Huangs & George Soules
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Alpha

            name: Alpha
            last changed/verified: 2000-01-25
            original distribution: ?
            version: 7.2.2
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: TCL
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Pete Keheler
                    Rice University
            shareware ($30), anonymous FTP from
                    http://alpha.olm.net/
                    ftp://ftp.ucsd.edu/pub/alpha/

    Amacs

            name: amacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 3.0 Release 2.8
            base language: 6502 assembler
            implementation language: 6502 assembler
            extension language: macros / loadable libraries (assembled)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Apple // with ProDOS
            organization/author:
                    Creative Thinking, Included
                    Brian Fox
                    bfox@ai.mit.edu
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Brief

            name: Brief
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 3.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Lisp or C (choice)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    Solution Systems
                    Suite 410
                    541 Main St
                    South Weymouth MA 02190
                    USA
                    +1 800 821 2492
                    +1 617 337 6963
                    fax +1 617 337 7719
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            acquired by Borland

    CCA Emacs

            name: CCA Emacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: ELisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS
            organization/author:
                    Uniworks Inc.
                    P.O. Box K
                    Suite 323
                    Maynard MA 01754
                    USA
                    +1 508 897 6650
                    emacs!mau
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    E3

            name: E3
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: internal?
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: REXX
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: ?/
            organization/author:
                    IBM Corp.
                    ?
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    EMACS-TC

            name: EMACS-TC
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Lisp-like
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX
            organization/author:
                    AT&T Toolchest
                    +1 201 522 6900, then login "guest"
                    USA

                    Warren A. Montgomery
                    +1 708 713 5090
                    att!iexist!warren
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Epsilon

            name: Epsilon
            last changed/verified: 2006-10-27
            original distribution: 1984-08-01
            version: 10.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: EEL
            extension language: EEL, a dialect of C
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC (Unix, Windows NT, Windows, DOS, OS/2)
            organization/author:
                    Lugaru Software Ltd.
                    1645 Shady Ave
                    Pittsburgh PA 15217
                    USA
                    +1 412 421 5911
                    fax +1 412 421 6371
                    http://www.lugaru.com
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    EVE, Extensible VAX Editor

            name: EVE (Extensible VAX Editor)
            base language: TPU
            implementation language: TPU
            extension language: TPU (Text Processing Utility)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: VMS
            organization/author:
                    Digital Equipment Corp.
                    ?
                    USA
                    +1 ?
                    ?

        _Notes:_ (Courtesy of Juergen Nickelsen) It is not Emacs-like, but is
        fully extensible. Source (TPU) is included. TPU is a programming
        language for text processing, etc. that is also bundled with VMS.
        EVE is the next best thing to GNU-Emacs on a VAX.

    FrameMaker

            name: FrameMaker
            last changed/verified: 1996-04-23
            original distribution: ?
            version: 3.0
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Frame Technology Corp.
                    1010 Rincon Circle
                    San Jose CA 95131
                    USA
                    +1 408 433 1928

                    Frame Technology International Ltd.
                    Unit 52 Airways Industrial Estate
                    Cloghran
                    Dublin 17
                    Ireland
                    +353 1 42 95 66

                    now part of Adobe
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Fred, Fred Resembles Emacs Deliberately

            name: Fred (Fred Resembles Emacs Deliberately)
            last changed/verified: 1998-02-17
            original distribution: ?
            version: MCL 4.2, MCL 3.3
            base language: Macintosh Common Lisp
            implementation language: Macintosh Common Lisp
            extension language: Macintosh Common Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Digitool
                    http://www.digitool.com/
            not free: available with Macintosh Common Lisp

    Infinitor

            name: Infinitor
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C?
            implementation language: C?
            extension language: TPL
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    Agranat Systems
                    P.O. Box 191
                    Weston MA 02193
                    USA
                    +1 617 893 7868
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    InfoDock

            name: InfoDock (built atop XEmacs)
            last changed/verified: 2004-06-15
            original distribution: 1994
            version: 4.0
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX with Win32 port planned
            organization/author:
                    Bob Weiner
                    Altrasoft
                    info@altrasoft.com
            later maintained and supported by beopen.com (now defunct)

        _Notes:_ InfoDock is an integrated productivity toolset, mainly
        aimed at technical people. It is built atop the XEmacs variant of
        GNU Emacs and so has all of the power of Emacs, but with a much
        easier to use and more comprehensive menu and toolbar-based user
        interface. We find that most objections people raise to using Emacs
        have already been addressed in InfoDock. See
        http://infodock.sourceforge.net for more information.

    Interleaf

            name: Interleaf
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 5
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC, Macintosh
            organization/author:
                    Interleaf, Inc
                    Prospect Place
                    9 Hillside Ave
                    Waltham MA  02154
                    USA
                    +1 617 290 0710
            not free, contact vendor for price information


    M

            name: M
            last changed/verified: 2007-08-23
            original distribution: 1993
            version: 1.21
            base language: C++
            implementation language: C++
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command
            hardware/software requirements: DOS, Windows, NT
            organization/author:
                    Greg Gadbois
                    Greg@dragonsys.com
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            A shareware version is available from the author
            A premium version is available from the author

    Mince

            name: Mince (Mince Is Not Complete Emacs) / PerfectWriter / The
                    FinalWord / FinalWordII
            last changed/verified: 1998-07-07
            original distribution: 1980
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none / key rebinding only  / key rebinding only/ custom
            scope of implementation: command / command / command / extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, CP/M
            organization/author:
                    Mark of the Unicorn, Inc.
                    sold to Borland International
            not free, contact vendor (Borland) for price information

    Multics Emacs

            name: Multics Emacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1978
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Honeywell Multics
            organization:
                    Bernard Greenberg
                    Honeywell Bull
            not free, contact vendor for price information

        _Note_ from Carl Hoffman: Probably Multics Emacs' greatest claims
        to fame are (1) having been the first to popularize the notion of
        using a Lisp-like extension language which non-expert programmers
        could use and understand, and (2) originating certain constructs
        (e.g. "save-excursion", etc.) which today survive in GNU Emacs.

        _Note_ from Bernard Greenberg: Multics Emacs was implemented in
        Multics MacLisp, also known as Version 2 Lisp. Multics Emacs was
        the first and only Multics Software Product in Lisp -- PL/I was the
        official system language.

        The notion of using Lisp for a mainframe product whose native
        language was not Lisp was radical at the time. I chose Lisp because
        of the possibility of implementing many small, cheap, modular,
        easily-replaceable functions (not a possibility in PL/I), having
        found this to be a major feature of an earlier private tool I
        implemented in Multics MacLisp.

        The notion of using Lisp on the Lisp machine (for Eine, and later
        Zwei) was a requirement, not an innovation. It did not speak to the
        issues of the suitability of Lisp for such a task, nor to that of
        what would be the best language for such a task. The idea of
        -choosing- Lisp for a mainframe editor implementation was innovated
        here. The idea of augmenting Multics TECO, and that of writing a
        TECO-like editor gut in flat-out PL/I were rejected by me in favor
        of a Lisp program that implemented editor functionality.

        Inspired by the TECO in which EMACS (on ITS, then the only program
        using that name) was implemented, I designed a TECO-like control
        and "point" manipulation model in a Lisp framework, which I thought
        was natural and obvious, not at all similar to the buffer-pointer
        passing model of the Lisp Machine editors. The natural combination
        of Lisp macrology and scoping with this type of model proved to be
        flexible, powerful, and appealing: this model caught on, and is now
        the basis of everything in the world; the Lisp machine's did not.
        The intellectual lineage of GNU Emacs, in these regards, comes
        directly from James Gosling's Emacs, which came directly from (and
        was credited to) Multics Emacs.

        I rank the significant innovations of Multics Emacs as: (1)
        Explicitly-designed extension languages, which could be understood
        and used by non-experts. (2) Lisp as an editor implementation
        language. (3) Lisp and Lisp-macros as an extension language. (4) A
        control regime and macrology, including many names (e.g.,
        "save-excursion"), that have become today become semi-standard
        through GNU Emacs and other systems.

        Major extensions that became part of the product should also be
        credited to Richard Lamson, Gary Palter, and William York, who
        became my guerilla band, back then.

    PMATE, ZMATE

            name: PMATE, ZMATE
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: PMATE (DOS) 4.0, PMATE (CP/M) 3.21, ZMATE (CP/M, Z-System) 1.0
            base language: assembly language (not needed to use editors)
            implementation language: assembly language (not needed to use editors)
            extension language: MATE macro language (TECO-like)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, CP/M, Z-System
            organization/author:
                    original by Michael Aronson (MATE = Michael Aronson's Text Editor)
                    ZMATE version by Bridger Mitchell and Jay Sage
                    ZMATE available from:
                            Sage Microsystems East
                            1435 Centre Strt
                            Newton MA 02159-2469
                            USA
                            +1 617 965 3552
            (Availability of PMATE for the PC is not certain at this time.  Sage
            Microsystems may be able to offer it.)
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Preditor


            name: Preditor (was: Compuware Professional Editor, PVCS Professional
                    Editor and Sage Professional Editor )
            last changed/verified: 1997-08-22
            original distribution: 1990
            version: 3.01
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: PEL (custom based on AWK, C-like)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: W95, NT, OS/2
            organization/author:
                    Compuware Corporation
                    31440 Northwestern Highway
                    Farmington Hills, MI 48334-2564
                    USA
                    +1 810 737 7300
                    800 538 7822
                    fax +1 810 737 7564
                    preditor@compuware.com
            not free, contact vendor for price information
                    old character mode version 1.101 for DOS and OS/2 may still
                    be available, but is not maintained

    Preditor2

            name: Preditor/2 (derived from Sage Professional Editor)
            original distribution: 1994
            version: 2.1
            base language: C++,C
            implementation language: C++,C
            extension language: PEL (custom based on AWK, C-like)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, OS/2
            organization/author:
                    Compuware Corporation
                    31440 Northwestern Highway
                    Farmington Hills, MI 48334-2564
                    USA
                    +1 810 737 7300
                    800 538 7822
                    fax +1 810 737 7564
                    preditor@compuware.com
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            free DEMO version (nagware that times out in 14 days), anonymous FTP from:
                hobbes.nmsu.edu /os2/demos/p2demo21.zip

    SlickEdit

            name: Slick, SlickEdit
            last changed/verified: 1997-12-16
            original distribution: ?
            version: 2.4
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: Slick-C
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, UNIX
            organization/author:
                    MicroEdge Inc.
                    PO Box 988
                    Apex, NC 27502-0988
                    USA
                    http://www.slickedit.com
                    email: sales@slickedit.com
                    +1 800 934 3348
                    +1 919 303 7400
                    fax +1 919 303 8400
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            (this is a text-mode interface)

    Visual SlickEdit

            name: Visual SlickEdit
            last changed/verified: 1997-12-16
            original distribution: ?
            version: 3.0
            interface: graphical MDI
            base language: C/C++
            implementation language: C/C++
            extension language: Slick-C
            scope of implementation: extensible
            requirements: Windows, NT, OS/2, or UNIX
            organization/author:
                    MicroEdge, Inc
                    PO Box 988
                    Apex, NC 27502-0988
                    USA
                    http://www.slickedit.com
                    email: sales@slickedit.com
                    +1 800 934 3348
                    +1 919 303 7400
                    fax +1 919 303 8400
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            (this is a GUI interface)

    SPE Editor

            name: SPE Editor
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX
            organization/author:
                    Sun Microsystems, Inc.
                    2550 Garcia Ave
                    Mountain View CA  94043
                    USA
                    +1 415 960 1300
                    TLX 37 29639
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Sprint

            name: Sprint (in some countries 'Esprit')
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1985?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    Borland International
                    1800 Green Hills Rd
                    Scotts Valley CA  95067
                    USA
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Sys-IX Editor

            name: Sys-IX Editor
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C?
            implementation language: C?
            extension language: macro
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    System-IX (Networks) Ltd.
                    55 Bedford Court Mansions
                    Bedford Avenue
                    London WC1B 3AD
                    UK
                    +44 71 636 8210
                    fax +44 71 255 1038

                    G.W. Computers Inc.
                    4 Eagle Square
                    East Boston MA  02128
                    USA
                    +1 617 569 5990
                    fax +1 617 567 2981

        _Note:_ may not be Emacs not free, contact vendor for price
        information

    Unipress Emacs

            name: Unipress Emacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: MLisp
            extension language: MLisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    Unipress Software Inc
                    2025 Lincoln Hwy
                    Edison NJ 08817
                    USA
                    +1 201 287 2100
                    fax +1 201 287 4929
                    telex 709418

        _Note:_ was Gosling's Emacs not free, contact vendor for price
        information

    VOS Emacs

            name: VOS Emacs
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 10
            base language: PL/I
            implementation language: PL/I
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: modified command set
            hardware requirements: Stratus XA, IBM System/88 or Olivetti CPS-32 computer
            software requirements: VOS operating system
            organization/author:
                    Stratus Computer Inc.
                    55 Fairbanks Blvd
                    Marlboro MA  01752
                    USA
                    +1 508 460 2000
                    telex (294112) ANSBK STRA UR
            not free, contact vendor for price information

    Win-Emacs

            name: Win-Emacs
            last changed/verified: 1996-08-14
            original distribution: April 1993
            version: 1.35 (released October 1994), 1.5 expected 1/96
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: elisp (GNU Emacs Lisp)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, Windows 3.1, 95, or NT
            organization:
                    Pearl Software
                    2000 Powell St. Suite 1200
                    Emeryville CA 94608
                    USA
                    +1 510 652 4361
                    fax +1 510 652 4362
                    tech@pearlsoft.com
                    info@pearlsoft.com auto-replies with further information.
            FTP a free fully-functional nagware version from:
                    ftp://ftp.netcom.com/pub/pe/pearl/wemdemo*

        _Note:_ Win-Emacs is derived from XEmacs 19.6 (nee Lucid Emacs).
        Win-Emacs is a native MS-Window app which supports multiple
        windows, fonts, code highlighting, arbitrary keymapping, DDE,
        winsock, long filenames, drag-and-drop, etc. Version. 1.5 is a
        Win32s app with most Unix features (e.g. asynch. subprocesses). The
        free version of Win-Emacs is based on a nagware X emulator: a nag
        screen pops up every half-hour; otherwise it is precisely identical
        to the supported commercial version of Win-Emacs. Debatable whether
        this should be moved into the "versions that cost" category.

        Ben Wing, the main author of Win-Emacs, is now the most productive
        active developer of XEmacs.  Most features of Win-Emacs have been
        added to XEmacs.

    ZMACS

            name: ZMACS
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Symbolics
            organization/author:
                    Symbolics, Inc.
                    8 New England Executive Park
                    Burlington MA  01803
                    USA
                    +1 617 221 1000
                    +1 800 533 7629
            not free, contact vendor for price information
            (Now somewhere in Concord.)

    ZMACS TI

            name: ZMACS (TI Explorer Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Explorer
            organization/author:
                    Texas Instruments
                    12501 Research Blvd
                    Austin TX 78759
                    USA
                    +1 512 250 7111
                    +1 800 232 3200
                    fax +1 512 250 6522
            not free, contact vendor for price information

Implementations That Are No Longer Available

    EINE

            name: EINE (EINE is not Emacs (the first known recursive acronym)),
                    ZWEI (Zwei Was Eine, Initially (the author knew German)),
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Lisp
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Lisp Machine
            organization/author:
                    MIT
                    USA
            no longer available
            ZWEI eveolved into Zmacs and all of the Symbolics, Texas Instruments,
            Lisp Machines, and related variants.

    Emacs20

            name: Emacs (aka Prime Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 2006-10-27
            original distribution: ?
            version: 20
            base language: SPL, a variant of PL/1
            implementation language: SPL, a variant of PL/1
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: Prime
            organization/author:
                    Prime Computer, Inc.
                    24 Prime Park Way
                    Natick MA  07160
                    USA
                    +1 508 651 3342
                    telex 174519
                    telex +1 508 651 2769
            not free, contact vendor for price information

            Note: Written by Bob Frankston and Seth Steinberg.


    Leif

            name: Leif
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: Lisp
            extension language: Lisp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS
            organization/author:
                    The Saga Group
                    Department of Computer Science
                    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
                    1304 W. Springfield
                    Urbana IL 61801
                    USA
                    leif@a.cs.uiuc.edu
                    {pur-ee|ihnp4}!uiucdcs!leif

        _Note:_ Leif is really just GNU Emacs with a small modification, an
        elisp extension, and an external parser.

    NMODE

            name: NMODE ("New MODE"?), predecessor may be EMODE
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: PSL, Common LIsp
            implementation language: PSL, Common LIsp
            extension language: PSL, Common LIsp
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: HP series 9000
            organization/author:
                    Hewlett-Packard
                    old symbolic languages group?
            no longer available

    TORE

            name: TORES (Text ORiented Editing System)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX
            organization/author:
                    Jeffrey Schiller
                    MIT
                    USA
            no longer available

    PD

            name: PD Forthmacs System Editor
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: Forth?
            implementation language: Forth?
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Atari?
            organization/author:
                    Bradley Software
            no longer available

    Scame

            name: Scame
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: UNIX, VMS, IBM PC
            organization/author:
                    Multihouse Automatisering bv
                    c/o Johan Vromans
                    Doesburgweg 7
                    2803 PL Gouda
                    the Netherlands
                    +31 1820 62911
                    fax +31 1820 62500
                    jv@mh.nl

        _Note:_ loosely based on an editor called Scame by Leif Samuelsson
        free, ask the author for information on how to get a copy no longer
        available

    TV

            name: tv (aka otv, SINE (SINE is not EINE (the first known
                    doubly-recursive acronym)))
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1977
            version:
            base language: PL/1
            implementation language: SINE (Lisp-like)
            extension language: SINE (Lisp-like)
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: MagicSix on Perkin-Elmer 3200 series
            organization/author:
                    Owen "Ted" Anderson
                    MIT Architecture Machine Group
                    USA
            no longer available

    UE

            name: ue
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: ?
            implementation language: ?
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: Atari ST
            organization/author:
                    pm@cwru.edu
            no longer available
            Part of Gulam a public-domain shell.

    VINE

            name: VINE (Vine Is Not Emacs)
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: 1977
            version:
            base language: Fortran (!)
            implementation language: Fortran
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: VMS
            organization/author:
                    Craig Finseth
                    Texas Instruments
                    Dallas TX
                    USA
            no longer available

    Z80EMACS

            name: Z80EMACS
            last changed/verified: 2007-08-23
            original distribution: 1992?
            version: 0.1
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: custom
            scope of implementation: extensible
            hardware/software requirements: CP/M
            organization/author:
                    Ralph Betza (FM),
                    gnohmon@scscomm.com
                    uunet!ssiny!gnohmon
            free, anonymous FTP from:
                    rtfm.mit.edu in pub/z80/emacs/*

        Z80EMACS is a port of microemacs 3.6 to the CP/M operating system.
        Microemacs keeps all data in memory, and CP/M must live in a 64KB
        address space. By clever use of overlays and byte-squeezing and
        tuning, Z80EMACS is able to edit files of size 30KB! microemacs 3.6
        had no facility for remapping the keyboard bindings. Z80EMACS does
        it with an offline utility. Z80EMACS uses overlays extensively, but
        the most frequently used commands are all either in the root
        segment or in one particular overlay. Since this overlay is usually
        already in memory, performance is quite good, even when running
        from floppies. Z80EMACS has the ability to edit multiple files,
        display multiple windows, and do keyboard macros, among other
        things. This makes it the spiffiest CP/M editor you could ever hope
        to see. Z80EMACS comes with source and binaries; it was compiled
        with AZTEC C, which few CP/Mmers have, so the binaries are more
        likely to be useful than the source.

    Unknown 1

            name: none
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: HLH Orions
            organization/author:
                    Steven Zimmerman
            no longer available
            Dated 1983.  Described as a "distant descendant of the one written by
            Warren Montgomery at Bell Labs.  Might be an early, non-commercial
            version of CCA Emacs.

    Unknown 2

            name: none
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.1, 2.1 (?)
            base language: C and 8088 assembler
            implementation language: C and 8088 assembler
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, HP-150, TIPC
            organization/author:
                    Don P. Bennett, Jr.
                    Hewlett Packard (when he wrote it)
            no longer available

        This editor identifies itself as "Emacs", and has HP-style soft
        labels for the first eight function keys hard-bound to "file
        commands," "window commands," "buffer commands," etc. Versions 1.1
        and 2.1 are known to exist. Other versions may also have escaped.
        1.1 was written in Microsoft C and 8088 assembler 1.0 (or was that
        2.0?) in about 1985. 2.1 was written using Microsoft C 3.0 in about
        1986. All versions work quite usably, despite fatal bugs in some
        commands. (Memory limits and large files can cause death,
        "ESC-digit" causes immediate death.) ("If it dies when you do that,
        stop doing it!")

End
ersion: 1.1, 2.1 (?)
            base language: C and 8088 assembler
            implementation language: C and 8088 assembler
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, HP-150, TIPC
            organization/author:
                    Don P. Bennett, Jr.
                    Hewlett Packard (when he wrote it)
            no longer available

        This editor identifies itself as "Emacs", and has HP-style soft
        labels for the first eight function keys hard-bound to "file
        commands," "window commands," "buffer commands," etc. Versions 1.1
        and 2.1 are known to exist. Other versions may also have escaped.
        1.1 was written in Microsoft C and 8088 assembler 1.0 (or was that
        2.0?) in about 1985. 2.1 was written using Microsoft C 3.0 in about
        1986. All versions work quite usably, despite fatal bugs in some
        commands. (Memory limits and large files can cause death,
        "ESC-digit" causes immediate death.) ("If it dies when you do that,
        stop doing it!")

End
  Steven Zimmerman
            no longer available
            Dated 1983.  Described as a "distant descendant of the one written by
            Warren Montgomery at Bell Labs.  Might be an early, non-commercial
            version of CCA Emacs.

    Unknown 2

            name: none
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.1, 2.1 (?)
            base language: C and 8088 assembler
            implementation language: C and 8088 assembler
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, HP-150, TIPC
            organization/author:
                    Don P. Bennett, Jr.
                    Hewlett Packard (when he wrote it)
            no longer available

        This editor identifies itself as "Emacs", and has HP-style soft
        labels for the first eight function keys hard-bound to "file
        commands," "window commands," "buffer commands," etc. Versions 1.1
        and 2.1 are known to exist. Other versions may also have escaped.
        1.1 was written in Microsoft C and 8088 assembler 1.0 (or was that
        2.0?) in about 1985. 2.1 was written using Microsoft C 3.0 in about
        1986. All versions work quite usably, despite fatal bugs in some
        commands. (Memory limits and large files can cause death,
        "ESC-digit" causes immediate death.) ("If it dies when you do that,
        stop doing it!")

End
stop doing it!")

End
BM PC, HP-150, TIPC
            organization/author:
                    Don P. Bennett, Jr.
                    Hewlett Packard (when he wrote it)
            no longer available

        This editor identifies itself as "Emacs", and has HP-style soft
        labels for the first eight function keys hard-bound to "file
        commands," "window commands," "buffer commands," etc. Versions 1.1
        and 2.1 are known to exist. Other versions may also have escaped.
        1.1 was written in Microsoft C and 8088 assembler 1.0 (or was that
        2.0?) in about 1985. 2.1 was written using Microsoft C 3.0 in about
        1986. All versions work quite usably, despite fatal bugs in some
        commands. (Memory limits and large files can cause death,
        "ESC-digit" causes immediate death.) ("If it dies when you do that,
        stop doing it!")

End
iple files,
        display multiple windows, and do keyboard macros, among other
        things. This makes it the spiffiest CP/M editor you could ever hope
        to see. Z80EMACS comes with source and binaries; it was compiled
        with AZTEC C, which few CP/Mmers have, so the binaries are more
        likely to be useful than the source.

    Unknown 1

            name: none
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version:
            base language: C
            implementation language: C
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: HLH Orions
            organization/author:
                    Steven Zimmerman
            no longer available
            Dated 1983.  Described as a "distant descendant of the one written by
            Warren Montgomery at Bell Labs.  Might be an early, non-commercial
            version of CCA Emacs.

    Unknown 2

            name: none
            last changed/verified: 1994-12-20
            original distribution: ?
            version: 1.1, 2.1 (?)
            base language: C and 8088 assembler
            implementation language: C and 8088 assembler
            extension language: none
            scope of implementation: command set
            hardware/software requirements: IBM PC, HP-150, TIPC
            organization/author:
                    Don P. Bennett, Jr.
                    Hewlett Packard (when he wrote it)
            no longer available

        This editor identifies itself as "Emacs", and has HP-style soft
        labels for the first eight function keys hard-bound to "file
        commands," "window commands," "buffer commands," etc. Versions 1.1
        and 2.1 are known to exist. Other versions may also have escaped.
        1.1 was written in Microsoft C and 8088 assembler 1.0 (or was that
        2.0?) in about 1985. 2.1 was written using Microsoft C 3.0 in about
        1986. All versions work quite usably, despite fatal bugs in some
        commands. (Memory limits and large files can cause death,
        "ESC-digit" causes immediate death.) ("If it dies when you do that,
        stop doing it!")

End

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:11 PM