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rec.pets.dogs: United Kennel Club FAQ

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Archive-name: dogs-faq/kennel-clubs/UKC
Last-modified: 29 Jan 1998

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This article is Copyright 1997 by the Author(s) listed below. 
It may be freely distributed on the Internet in its entirety without
alteration provided that this copyright notice is not removed.  
It may NOT reside at another website (use links, please) other
than the URL listed above without the permission of the Author(s).  
This article may not be sold for profit nor incorporated in other 
documents without he Author(s)'s permission and is provided "as is" 
without express or implied warranty.

                              United Kennel Club
   Please send comments, questions, and especially corrections to me.
   Copyright (c) 1995 by Cindy Tittle Moore.
   _Disclaimer:_ This is not a UKC sanctioned document. It is not meant
   to be definitive, exhaustive, nor authoritative. This information is
   provided by me as a convenient resource only. It is not to be
   considered official. You should contact the UKC directly for official
   information from them: UKC United Kennel Club 100 East Kilgore Rd.,
   Kalamazoo, MI 49001-5598; (616) 343-9020.
   _New! Website at The HRC page is at
   Another source of UKC info on the net (also unofficial) is kept by Pat
   Kalbaugh,, at: Anot
   Thanks to: Chris Barnes, Gail E. Brookhart, Terri Hardwick, S.
   Mudgett, Dianne Schoenberg, Kathy Vineyard, marvinw, and Pamela & the
   happy pack.

   Cindy Tittle Moore, Copyright 1995.
Table of Contents

     * History and Overview
     * Information
     * Registration
          + Single registration
          + Limited Privilege
          + Process
     * Pedigrees
     * Conformation
     * Obedience
          + Novice U-CD
          + Open U-CDX
          + Utility U-UD
     * Agility
     * Hunting Retriever Tests
          + Started
          + Seasoned
          + Finished
          + Grand
     * Coonhounds and Beagles
          + Conformation
          + Field
          + Beagle Trials
History and Overview

   The United Kennel Club was formed in 1898 by Chanucy Bennet for the
   sole purpose of registering "Pit Bull Terriers" as the American Kennel
   Club would not. After the APBT, a few different hunting breeds, most
   notably many of the coonhounds, were recognized.
   Today, the United Kennel Club provides an alternative to the more
   widely known American Kennel Club in the United States and performs
   many of the same functions: registry, shows, and stud books. The UKC
   has grown rapidly in the last few years and is worth looking at. If
   your dog is registered with another registry (AKC, CKC, etc), it is
   easy to register your dog with the UKC as well. UKC recognizes 166
   breeds, including some that the AKC does not. UKC offers breed,
   obedience, agility and hunting trials. Because of their initial start
   with game and hunting breeds, they are primarily performance oriented,
   although they have shown signs of changing this in recent years (for
   example, with the advent of all breed conformation shows in 1995).
   The UKC is willing to explore the addition of more sports and events
   and is in need of parent breed clubs for the work of adding to the
   conformation shows held by UKC.
   There are no professional handlers allowed in UKC conformation or
   obedience events. Certified Handlers are allowed by either in person
   permission of the registered owner or by written permission of the
   registered owner.
   It is very easy to start a club and to get approval for putting on UKC
   sanctioned events. At shows, there are no Premium Lists, no catalogs,
   no worry about timing - for example the obedience trials are always at
   one ring and the order is always Utility B, Utility A, Open B, Open A,
   Novice B, Novice A, non-regular classes (Grad Novice or Pre-Novice
   [veterans?]). There is usually a price break for preregistering for a
   show. The pre-registered dogs are judged first.

   In general, you can contact the UKC at
   100 East Kilgore Road
   Kalamazoo MI 49001
   The UKC also publishes a number of informational magazines on its
   activities and upcoming events. These include:
     * _Bloodlines_
       100 East Kilgore Road
       Kalamazoo MI 49001-5596
       1 yr $12USD (7 issues)
       Bloodlines is UKC's offical publication, and it lists all shows,
       etc). Each January issue is the Rules booklet for all its events
       for that year. You can get a copy of the most recent January issue
       at any time.
     * _Hunting Retriever_
       100 East Kilgore Road
       Kalamazoo, MI 49001-5592
       Hunting trials are covered by the Hunting Retriever Club
     * _Coonhound Bloodlines_
   Dog World magazine also publishes the UKC show schedules although not
   as far in advance.

   The UKC has many types of registration: one for dogs whose ancestors
   are also registered with the UKC, one for dogs who "crossed in" from
   another registery, and one for neutered dogs of unknown or mixed
  Single registration
   To register your dog with the UKC, write to them for the application
   form. It will ask you to list a five generation pedigree for your dog,
   as well as the owner of the sire and the owner of the dam (at the time
   of the breeding). It will also ask you a few short questions about
   whether the dog meets the standard, is show quality, whether you
   intend to hunt, work, or show in breed with your dog. If your dog has
   a disqualifying fault for its breed (presumably under UKC rules) it
   must be neutered.
   Such dogs and some of their offspring are ineligible for the Purple
   Ribbon pedigree (see below).
  Limited Privilege
   Finally, you can get an LP (limited privilege), the equivalent of
   AKC's ILP, for any dog, including mixed breed dogs (in an agreement
   worked out between UKC and AMBOR in February of 1994). Dogs registered
   via the LP process must be neutered and they are eligible for all but
   conformation events held by the UKC.
   AMBOR may be contacted through:
   President: Linda Readman, PO Box 7841, Rockford, IL 61126;
   Membership Coordinator: Michele Sanders, RD 3 PO Box 297, Hanover, PA,
   Whichever type of registration you use, the process is relatively
   quick. Fill out the application and send it in: in just a few weeks,
   you will receive a wallet-sized ID card with your dog's registration
   information that will allow you to enter UKC trials the same day,
   provided that entries haven't been filled yet. The requirement of
   sending in pictures with the application has been dropped.

   UKC offers a Purple Ribbon 'PR' Bred Pedigree for dogs with at least
   six generations of known ancestors and all 14 ancestors in the last 3
   generations registered with the UKC. All other dogs registered get a
   yellow certificate. The UKC marks pedigrees as "inbred" if the mating
   was between mother to son, father to daughter, or brother to sister.
   In 1996, the UKC started a DNA registration program. Dogs that have
   been identified by DNA analysis are marked on papers; dogs whose
   parentage has been proven by DNA analysis are also marked on their
   papers and where appropriate, their pedigrees. They are the first
   Kennel Club in the United states to incorporate this information into
   their stud books.
   There are 167 breeds recognized by UKC. Some notable exceptions to the
   AKC list: many coonhound breeds, American Pit Bull Terrier,
   Appenzeller, Ariegeois, Azawakh, Belgian Shepherd Dog (includes
   Groenendael, Laekenois, Malinois, Tervuren as in the European manner),
   Border Collie, Boykin Spaniel, Chinook, Entelbucher, German Pinscher,
   Glen of Imaal Terrier, Havanese, Jagdterrier, Leonberger, Nova Scotia
   Duck Tolling Retriever, Polish Owczarek Nizinny, Toy Fox Terrier, and

   Two conformation titles are awarded: UKC Show Champion and Grand Show
   Champion. A UKC Champion meets three criteria: has a minimum of 100
   UKC championship points; has aquired championship points under three
   different judges, has won either a Best Male or Best Female of Show.
   At least two of the shows, under stwo different judges, must have had
   competition (eg the winning dog defeats other dogs rather than winning
   by default). A Grand Champion wins that title by winning against all
   other champions of the breed in at least five shows under at least
   three different judges.
   Dogs are weighed and measured for height at every show to determine if
   the dog fits within the requirements of the standard. Dogs need only
   be measured once when the same club is offering more than one event in
   a weekend
   Grooming is not allowed in the ring and includes grooming tools, spray
   bottles and wiping cloths.
   Owners or handlers may not use any means of attracting the dog's
   attention such as food, keys, or squeakers. You may speak or snap your
   fingers to your own dog. If you bait in the ring you are excused.
   The classes are:
    1. Puppy Class - for males/females 6 months to under 1 year of age.
    2. Junior Class - for males/females 1 year to under 2 years of age.
    3. Senior Class - for males/females 2 years to under 3 years of age.
    4. Veteran Class - for males/females 3 years of age and over.
    5. Best Male Class - first place winners of puppy, junior, senior and
       veteran classes.
    6. Best Female Class - as for males
    7. Best of Winners - Composed of the Best Male of Show and Best
       Female of Show classes.
   Ribbons are awarded for placement in conformation and obedience events
   and are: blue for first, red for second, green for third and yellow
   for fourth.
   Dogs shown in variety classes: American Eskimo, Belgian Shepherd Dog,
   Collie, Dachshund, Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Manchester
   Breeds with Height Disqualifications: Akita, Australian Cattle Dog,
   Basset Hound, Beagle, Belgian Shepherd Dog, Briard, Brittany Spaniel,
   Canaan Dog, Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Great Dane, Havanese,
   Irish Wolfhound, Kerry Blue Terrier, Kuvasz, Miniature Pinscher,
   Miniature Schnauzer, Papillon, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, Puli,
   Shetland Sheepdog, Shiba, Siberian Husky, Standard Schnauzer, Vizsla,
   Weimaraner, Whippet.
   Dogs with Weight Disqualifications: Boston Terrier, Chihuahua, French
   Bulldog, Havanese, Irish Wolfhound, Manchester Terrier, Pekingese, Toy
   Fox Terrier.

   Three obedience titles are awarded that are similar to the AKC titles:
   U-CD, U-CDX, and U-UD.
   In 1996, a fourth, competitive, title was recently added: the U-OCH.
   In UKC the jump is the dog's height at the withers to a maximum of 24"
   (lower than the AKC's maximums). They also allow warmups on the
   grounds (including jumping), and some clubs will set up a ring
   specifically for warming your dog up.
   Brown ribbons may be awarded for qualifying scores in obedience
   Jump heights: minimum 8 inches to a maximum 24 inches. The height is
   set at even 2 inch increments. A dog 17 1/2 inches jumps 16 inch high.
   A dog must jump twice its shoulder height for the Broad Jump in one
   inch increments.
  Novice U-CD
    Honor (Long Down in opposite ring
      corner while other dog doing
      Heel on Leash)                    35 pts
    Heel on Leash and Figure 8          35
    Stand for Exam                      30
    Heel off Leash                      35
    Recall over Jump                    35
    Long Sit (1 min)                    30

  Open U-CDX
    Honoring (out of sight)             30 pts
    Heel Off Leash and Figure 8         40
    Drop on Recall                      30
    Retrieve on Flat                    20
    Retrieve over High Jump             30
    Broad Jump                          20
    Long Sit (3 min out of sight)       30

   On the Heel Off Leash the steward walks the same pattern as the
   handler/dog team. Also after the dog drops on the Drop on Recall the
   steward walks from the handler's side past the dog to the other side
   of the ring.
  Utility U-UD
    Signaling and Heeling               30
    Scent Discrimination (metal)        30
    Directed 'Marked' Retrieve
        (from handlers side)            30
    Directed 'Signal' Retrieve
        (sent from handler, then
         directed)                      30
    Consecutive Recalls
        (one with and one without
          Down)                         40
    Directed Jumping                    40

  Obedience Champion
   In order to obtain this title, the dog must have a U-UD. It must
   qualify in BOTH Utility B and Open B classes at the same trial, with a
   combined score of 370 or better; at five trials. Finally, it must get
   100 championship points by earning qualifying scores in either Open B,
   Utility B, or both (qualifying in both at the same trial is not
   necessary for championship points). A minimum of 30 championship
   points must be earned in Open B; and a minimum of 20 points in Utility
   B. Points are based on the score: 1 point for 170-174.5 up to 8 points
   for a 199-200.

   Effective July 1, 1995 UKC holds all rights to NCDA agility. All NCDA
   clubs had to apply to become UKC licensed clubs in order to continue
   holding agility trials. Dogs registered with UKC prior to July 1, 1995
   had their points/titles transfered to UKC.
UKC Hunting Retriever Tests

   The Hunting Test program for retrievers is actually sponsored by a
   subsidiary organization of the UKC called the HRC (Hunting Retriever
   Club). Their motto is very much indicative of their philosophy:
   "Conceived by Hunters, for Hunters".
   Like AKC hunting tests, there are 3 tests designed for different
   levels of ability of the dog. The dogs are judged against a standard
   for that level of test (ie. not against each other). The 3 levels of
   tests are called Started, Seasoned, and Finished, and are basically
   equivalent to the AKC levels of Junior, Senior, and Master. While not
   always true, it is generally agreed by people that run both AKC and
   HRC tests, that a HRC test is slightly easier than it's AKC
   Unlike AKC tests, titles are awarded based on the total number of
   points a dog has accumulated. Three titles are possible (they are
   "name prefix" titles - ie. the title goes before the name of the dog
   on the pedigree). They are: HR (Hunting Retriever), HRCH (Hunting
   Retriever Champion), and GRHRCH (Grand Hunting Retriever Champion).
   The point requirements for each title are: HR - 40 points, HRCH - 100
   points, GRHRCH 300 points (more on this in a moment). Points for each
   stake are broken down as follows: Started - 5 points (max of 10 may be
   earned at this level), Seasoned - 10 points (max of 40 may be earned
   at this level), Finished - 15 points (no maximum). There is one
   additional test level equivalent to the the AKC's National Master. It
   is called the "Grand" -- a series of tests over 4-5 days which include
   quartering. To qualify for entering, the dog must earn 100 points. A
   dog earns points for each Grand pass; for a dog to earn its GRHRCH a
   dog must have at least two Grand passes.
   There are no restrictions as to breeds that may enter an HRC test (as
   long as it's UKC registered). The HRC program aims to simulate, as
   realistically as possible, actual hunting conditions.
   The HRC tests pay perhaps more attention to gun safety than other hunt
   tests. At the Started level, the handler has the OPTION of handling a
   gun. Usually a Started handler does NOT handle a gun, as their dog is
   not required to be steady and the handler cannot both handle a gun and
   have their dog on lead at the line. Thus gun line. The judges strongly
   discourage Started handlers from handling a gun, unless the handler is
   certain the dog will be steady. If a gun is handled at the Started
   level, the judges will evaluate the handler on gun safety, and hence,
   can fail the dog/handler team for poor gun safety. At higher levels,
   steadiness and good gun handling practices are required.
   The requirements for each stake are as follows:
   The dog must perform 2 single marks on land, and 2 single marks on
   water. Usually, the distances are almost always under 75 yards over
   fairly light terrain.
   The dog must perform 1 double mark on land, 1 double mark on water, a
   blind retrieve on land, and a blind retrieve on water. There is one
   diversion. (an honor is not done at this level as in an AKC's Senior
   test). Typically, the distances are between 50 and 100 yards over
   moderately tough terrain.
   The dog must perform 1 multiple mark on land (usually a triple), 1
   multiple mark on water (also usually a triple), a blind retrieve on
   land, a blind retrieve on water, and (not always done), properly
   quarter a field (as if pheasant hunting). In addition, the dog must
   perform and honor and a diversion. The distances range between 50 and
   150 yards over tough terrain (gut sucking mud, high weeds, etc.)
   Same type test as a Finished, but over even harder conditions and
   usually done in multiple steps over several days. This is open to all
   HRC Champions; two Grand passes and 300 points are required for the
   Grand Hunting Retriever Champion title.
Coonhounds and Beagles

   Coonhounds are treated differently than most other breeds in the UKC
   because the UKC (and the AKC for that matter) took over previously
   existing Coonhound programs. You'll find Coonhounds are also treated
   differently by the AKC--little known factoid, but there is a part of
   the AKC that is a Coonhound organization.
   UKC-recognized coonhounds include: American Black and Tan Coonhound,
   Bluetick Coonhound, English Coonhound, Plott Hound, Redbone Coonhound,
   and the Treeing Walker Coonhound.
   For all show titles there must be at least one win over competition
   (unlike AKC, UKC will award points in some cases where there is no
   For coonhounds there is no veteran class (2 yrs and up are all shown
   as seniors) there is no best of winners but there is a best male of
   show (judged best of all the best of breed males) and best female of
   show (best of best of breed females.). All champion males of all
   coonhound breeds compete for champion of champion males (win counts
   towards grand champion), then the same is done for females. Finally
   all grand champions compete (split by sex) for the grand champion
   Beagles offer bench classes, BUT the dog either has to have run in the
   trial the same day or PLACED in a hunt.
   For a coonhound grand champion, five wins under at least 3 judges are
   needed. Best of Show, 100 points and three wins (1 under competition,
   2 different judges, any level competition) and Champion of Champions,
   5 wins (1 win under competition, 2 different judges) earn Grand Show
   Champion Degree.
   Titles for coonhounds only:
    1. Night Champion and Grand Night Champion (night hunts)
    2. Water Race Champion and Grand Water Race Champion
    3. Field Trial Champion and Grand Field Trial Champion
    4. Bench Show Champion and Grand Show Champion
   There is a magazine called Coonhound Bloodlines put out by UKC that is
   similar to Bloodlines but exclusively for Coonhound breeds and
  Beagle Trials
   These are very similar to Coonhounds, and are included in the
   Coonhound magazine. Basically the only difference is that Beagles are
   always during the day, and the hunt ends differently (rabbit in hole
   rather than in tree!).
    United Kennel Club FAQ
    Cindy Tittle Moore,

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