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rec.pets.dogs: Sloughi Breed-FAQ


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                                The Sloughi
                      Ancient North African Sighthound
                                      
Author

   Dominique Crapon de Caprona, Ph.D., Shi'Rayan Sloughis. For further
   information contact Fritzsch@Creighton.edu
   
   Copyright 1996 by Dominique Crapon de Caprona, Ph.D.
   
   Revisions:
     * May 1997: article with further comparisons between sighthound
       breeds added.
       
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
Table of Contents

     * Frequently Asked Questions
     * Origins and History
     * General Appearance
     * Temperament
     * The Sloughi is often confused with other smooth Sighthounds
     * References
     * Resources
       
Frequently Asked Questions

   _What kind of dog is a Sloughi?_
   
     The Sloughi belongs to the FCI Group 10 of Sighthounds (which also
     includes the Afghan, Azawakh, Borzoi, Chart Polski, Galgo Espanol,
     Greyhound, Irish Wolfhound, Italian Greyhound, Magyar Agar, Saluki,
     Scottish Deerhound, and Whippet). More precisely it belongs to the
     "sub-population" of lop-eared Sighthounds (together with the
     Afghan, Azawakh, Saluki).
     
     Although it has been recognized since 1935 internationally by the
     FCI, and is recognized in the USA by most Kennel Clubs, the AKC is
     the only club that has not yet done so and the Sloughi is therefore
     considered to be a "rare breed" in the USA.
     
     True Sighthounds, Sloughis have excellent vision: they chase on
     sight anything that moves, however far away. Puppies are already
     interested by moving objects, even if it is a leaf in the wind. A
     long distance runner with strong stamina, the Sloughi is a
     tremendous hunter in open spaces. Although the breed hunts mainly
     by sight, it also relies on scent to do so.
     
   _Where does the Sloughi come from? What were they originally used for?_
   
     The Sloughi comes from North Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and
     Libya. It is the hound of the Berber and Bedouin. In older times
     Sloughis were used to hunt fennec (desert fox), desert hare,
     gazelle, large mountain gazelle, ostrich, hyena, and jackal.
     
     Today, it is mainly used to hunt desert fox and hare, rarely
     gazelle, and to protect herds from jackals. In Tunisia, it is said
     that only Sloughis, and crossbreeds that have Sloughi blood, will
     tackle the jackal.
     
     Like the Saluki, Afghan hound and Azawakh in their respective
     societies, the Sloughi is highly treasured by its North African
     owner.
     
   _How are Sloughis with people, children and other pets?_
   
     Sloughis are alert watch dogs. With people they do not know,
     Sloughis are usually aloof and cautious. They take time to warm up
     to strangers allowed to enter the house, and it is best to let the
     Sloughi approach the stranger at its own pace, after it had time to
     observe this person, rather than to force an acquaintance on
     him/her. Bedouins treasure this attitude and have bred their dogs
     accordingly. Just as Sloughis are protective of their household, so
     are often bitches with their whelps. It is best to present puppies
     to their potential new owner in absence of their dam.
     
     Sloughis which have been raised in kennel situations, with little
     socializing, are typically very shy, nervous, freeze when
     confronted with new situations, and may snap because they are
     scared. However they can be made to adjust, one step at a time, and
     with a lot of patience. Well socialized Sloughis can also be scared
     occasionally, the difference being that they adjust much more
     quickly to the new situation than non-socialized ones, and that
     they often rely on their trust to their owner to do so.
     
     With its owner, the Sloughi is gentle, affectionate, subtle and
     very loyal. Some Sloughis do not change owners with ease, having
     developed for once and for all a bond with one particular person.
     Such bonds exist also between Sloughis. Sloughis get along well
     with children taught to respect them, and with other pets (dogs,
     cats, parrots).
     
     Precautions are as follows: do not leave a Sloughi (or any other
     dog) with young children for long period of time unattended,
     children can abuse Sloughis without realizing it, and the dog might
     want at some point to defend itself. A Sloughi which is raised with
     cats will be great in the house with them, but may mistake them for
     game outside, particularly if the cat runs away; some cats attack
     dogs, and can inflict damage to their eyes and face with their
     claws. Similar precautions apply to Sloughis and parrots (the beak
     of large parrots can turn into a dangerous weapon).
     
     Sloughis are intelligent, and have a great need of freedom. They
     can however be well trained if disciplined fairly, consistently and
     gently, as they are sensitive to anger. Dominant animals need a
     firm hand.
     
   _How much exercise does a Sloughi need? Are they sensitive to cold?_
   
     A Sloughi, particularly young dogs, needs a daily run. They are
     good jogging partners. Once a Sloughi has had its exercise, it
     spends most of its time resting in the most comfortable spot,
     observing the household from a distance.
     
     Regular exercise and being an integrated part of the family are
     prerequisites for a well adjusted Sloughi. Sloughis are intelligent
     and curious. They love to travel and be taken to different places
     with their owner. It is not a good idea to leave a Sloughi to its
     own devices in the yard. A bored Sloughi will typically look for
     its own entertainment, not necessarily close to the house.
     
     The Sloughi is a hound of the desert. It is unhappy in wet and cold
     surroundings. Although the breed develops a denser coat in winter,
     this is not a breed one should leave outside for extended periods
     of time in cold weather. Sloughis usually enjoy a quick race in the
     snow, before coming back inside to warm up. They love to doze in
     front of the fire-place, or snuggle under the bed blankets.
     
   _Should one crate Sloughis?_
   
     Sloughis typically need a lot of space around them. They tense up
     when in a crate for extended periods of time, and do not like it.
     Crates should be used only when house-training, for short periods
     of time for the dog's own protection, or when traveling. Although
     the theory is that a crate mimics a den, no canid stays locked up
     in its den for hours, and there is no reason why a dog should put
     up with endless hours of crating. Most people who have Sloughis
     crate them only when traveling by plane. Some owners use crates to
     give a Sloughi his own private place to relax, but the door remains
     open most of the time, and the dog can go in and out as he pleases.
     If the Sloughi has to be crated, the crate should be as large as
     possible and padded with a mattress or blanket for the Sloughi to
     lie on.
     
     At shows or coursing events, the best is to keep Sloughis in large
     secure play-pens or on leash. The Sloughi is a watch dog, and even
     the gentlest of Sloughis may become territorial in its play pen and
     defend the area in which he is being kept (play-pen or car). As a
     precaution, always wait for the owner to be there before
     approaching, on your own or with your kids.
     
   _Are there any special medical problems in the breed? _
   
     There are today no genetic diseases that are widespread in the
     breed, mainly because breeders in Europe cultivated a large gene
     pool.
     
     Genetic deficiencies such as deficient immune system, balance
     problems, and hemophilia, occur in inbred lines.
     
     Isolated cases of myocitic condition (atrophy of the jaw muscles)
     have been reported. Older animals commonly become arthritic. Cancer
     may affect some individuals. No case of torsion, or hip dysplasia,
     is known to the author.
     
     Like other Sighthounds, the Sloughi is sensitive to anesthetics.
     
     Under proper conditions the life span of a Sloughi is 12-16 years.
     
     Although small injuries can make them scream, Sloughis are often
     extremely stoic to more serious pain and do not moan or complain
     unless it becomes excruciating. As a result it is sometimes
     difficult to realize in time that they are seriously ill or
     suffering, and to determine the cause.
     
     A well socialized Sloughi, with a calm and confident owner, is not
     a problem for a Veterinarian to treat.
     
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
Origins and History

   The exact origins of the Sloughi date too far back to be completely
   known and remain speculative. Representations of African
   Sighthound-like dogs date back to the 8th-7th millennium BC, and
   Ancient Egypt's artifacts tell us how valuable straight-eared and
   lop-eared smooth Sighthounds were in those days. The lop-eared smooth
   Egyptian Sighthound originated possibly from Asia but was also part of
   tributes to the Pharaohs from Nubia (South of Egypt). This ancient
   hound resembles today's Sloughi, Azawakh, smooth Saluki, and smooth
   Afghan, and it is impossible without any genetic study to know whether
   it was identical with any of these breeds or a breed of its own, or
   whether it was the ancestor of all lop-eared Sighthound breeds.
   
   In its countries of origin (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya), the
   Sloughi is the only dog treated as family and allowed into the tent.
   For the Arab it is a noble animal compared to the other impure local
   dogs or "kelb". This is illustrated by such expressions as "Aada machi
   Kelb; aada Sloughi" or "this is not a dog, this is a Sloughi". In
   these countries, the Sloughi is the only canine bred and selected with
   the same care as an Arabian horse. A Bedouin would go without his own
   blanket to provide his Sloughi with warmth in the cold desert nights.
   Puppies were often breast fed by Bedouin women to help nursing
   bitches. A lost Sloughi was mourned like family. Sloughis were often
   decorated with jewelry and amulets. Their legs are sometimes ritually
   branded by their owner, and the ears are cropped up to prevent them
   from being torn to pieces when hunting jackals.
   
   Political upheavals disrupted highly sophisticated breeding by leading
   families. Because of a law introduced during French occupation which
   prohibited hunting with sighthounds and resulted in the shooting of
   these dogs on sight, and epidemic rabies, the Sloughi population was
   decimated. In spite of efforts in Europe and North Africa, the Sloughi
   is still not very common and its breeders have an important
   responsibility in the conservation of this ancient breed.
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
General Appearance

   The Sloughi is smooth, lop-eared, tall, leggy and racy, has a noble,
   somewhat melancholic, gentle and sad expression.
   
  Structure
  
   The Sloughi is squarish, somewhat higher than long. The top-line
   descends along the neck and straightens along the back. The withers
   are hardly visible and the top-line is almost straight from the base
   of the neck. There is a slight curve over the loin. The croup is bony,
   the brisket is deep but does not reach the elbow. The underline is
   first straight (long sternum) then rising sharply to a well tucked up
   loin. The ribs are flat then slightly rounded to the back, for this
   reason the Sloughi, seen from the front, is more narrow than
   round-ribbed breeds. The musculature is very lean and dry. Sloughis in
   perfect condition have flat, long and tight muscles, one can see their
   hip-bones and their spine-bones in the loin region, as well as the
   last free-floating ribs.
   
   Shoulders are long and oblique, forearms bony and muscular, wrists
   supple and strong. Thighs are flat and muscular, seconds thighs long
   and well muscled, hock strong and well bent, pastern strong without
   dew claws. Angulation in front and rear is moderate, feet are oval and
   webbed between the toes. In many lightly built Sloughis the feet have
   the shape of a hare-foot. Nails are black or pigmented.
   
   The tail is in line with the croup, curved at the end and held low, it
   should be thin and long enough to reach the hock.
   
   The "desert type" Sloughis are more lightly built than "mountain type"
   Sloughis. Dogs, larger than bitches, usually look more strongly built
   and powerful than Salukis and Azawakhs, particularly the "mountain
   type" dogs. Bitches should be feminine, graceful and more refined than
   the dogs.
   
  Size
  
   Dogs 25 to 29 inches (66 to 72 cm) at the withers, 30 inches (75 cm)
   common in "mountain type" dogs.
   
   Bitches 24 to 27 inches (61 to 68 cm)
   
   Ideally, for a male of 28 inches (70 cm), the length of the body
   should be 26-27 inches (67-68 cm). For a bitch of 26 inches (65 cm)
   the length of the body should be 24-25 inches (62-63 cm)
   
  Coat
  
   The coat is very short, dense and soft, the skin is fine and tight
   
   The coat colors of the Sloughi blend with the North African
   environment: in the desert mainly the color of sand, often with a
   black mask, in rocky or mountainous grassy areas, black mantel or
   often brindle, an advantage to approach prey undetected. Other coat
   colors are all shades from sand to red/fawn with or without black
   markings (black mask, black ears, brindle, black mantel, dark
   overlay). Red fawn with or without mask, and brindle on red with black
   mantel (the darkest coat) are few. Black brindle and red-brindle are
   rare. A small white patch on the chest and few white hairs at the tips
   of the toes are tolerated.
   
  Head
  
   The head in profile is long, refined, but rather strong compared to
   other Sighthounds. Seen from above it forms an elongated triangle from
   the broad skull to the tip of the nose. The stop and brows are barely
   pronounced, the muzzle roughly as long as the skull.
   
   The ears are triangular, moderate in size, and rounded at the tip.
   They hang flat on each side. They can fold in action or when the dog
   is nervous.
   
   The eyes are amber (topaz) to dark brown, often lined with black, and
   give the dog an often melancholy, sad and distant look. They are
   well-set in their sockets, in some cases not totally open as a result
   of slightly oblique eye-lids.
   
   The teeth should be strong and white, none should be missing, with a
   scissors or level bite. Some Sloughis have additional pre-molars 1.
   
  Movement
  
   Trot: the Sloughi has an effortless and floating gait. There is no
   exaggeration in extension, the front paw does not reach beyond the tip
   of the nose. There is no exaggeration in drive, as a result of the
   moderate rear angulation. The head is held at a moderate angle to the
   body.
   
   Gallop: Double suspension. Because of its squarish structure and more
   level top-line the Sloughi does not flex its back as much as the
   Greyhound.
   
  Faults
  
   Light eyes (light amber); heavy head and body; stop too pronounced;
   bad proportions; bad topline; rounded ribs; not enough tuck; croup too
   oblique, insufficient or too narrow; tail too short, too furnished or
   badly carried; coat hard and coarse.
   
  Disqualifications
  
   Ears erect, or with tips drooping forward, ears too long, rose ear.
   
   Coat half long, feathering on legs or tail
   
   Extensive white markings, white socks, color not in accordance with
   the standard.
   
   Overshot or undershot.
   
   Males should have 2 apparently normal testicles fully descended into
   the scrotum
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
Temperament

   Sloughis are fast and highly efficient hunters. True Sighthounds, they
   have excellent vision: they chase on sight anything that moves,
   however far away. The Sloughi is always on the alert for moving
   objects. Most of the play among Sloughis consists in chasing each
   other. On a walk with a Sloughi off leash, the owner has to learn to
   locate a possible chase object before his dog does, in order to call
   him back in time to prevent the chase (for example when the
   "interesting" object is across a road and cars are driving by).
   
   A well socialized Sloughi is affectionate, gentle, subtle and very
   loyal to its owner. Sloughis, which have bonded to a particular
   person, do not change ownership easily. With people they do not know,
   Sloughis are aloof and cautious, they usually do not like to be
   touched by strangers unless they have been introduced, gently, by
   their owner. Sloughis are intelligent, curious, and independent. They
   can be well trained if disciplined fairly and gently, as they are
   sensitive to anger. However do not expect from a Sloughi to take to
   training as a Golden Retriever or Border Collie would. Sloughis are
   reliable and alert watch dogs.
   
   They like children brought up to respect animals, and harmonize well
   with other pets, such as cats, other dogs, and parrots, when raised
   with them. They are sometimes edgy around small dogs which scurry and
   bark a lot. Because Sloughis are tall, they may inadvertently be too
   strong when playing or running around with very small dogs. Sloughis
   develop friendships with cats, however caution is necessary when cat
   and dog are outside. Sometimes a Sloughi will mistake its friend for
   game, particularly if the cat runs away: this behavior invariably
   triggers a chase.
   
   Sloughis have retained all their basic instincts. Parents of a litter
   often both defend it, as do unrelated adults. Mothers nurture their
   puppies well, bringing food to them when they stop producing milk.
   Sloughis living together establish hierarchies stabilized by subtle
   behavioral rituals. Intentions and moods are displayed by a large
   variety of subtle postures, expressions and sounds. Sloughis dig dens
   when they nurture puppies, to cool off in hot weather, or just for
   fun. They are very good jumpers.
   
   Sloughis are tough, and even when they suffer intense pain, they
   hardly show it. For this reason, it is sometimes difficult to realize
   in time that a Sloughi is ill and in pain, and to determine the
   reason. They can however be very vocal after small injuries. A well
   socialized Sloughi who bonded to a calm and confident owner is not a
   problem for a veterinarian to treat, even when the treatment is not
   very pleasant. It seems to understand that it is being helped.
   
   Because of its short coat, the Sloughi is very clean, it has no
   "doggy" odor except when wet. It just loves warmth and comfort, and
   needs protection from wet and cold. Daily exercise is necessary to its
   well being.
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
The Sloughi is often confused with other smooth Sighthounds

   _What are the differences between the Sloughi and the Greyhound?_
   
     Compared to the Greyhound, the Sloughi is built more on a square
     than a rectangle, it has more tuck, the forehead is larger, the
     ears are longer and drop on each side of the head, instead of being
     folded and pushed back as in the Greyhound. The coat colors of the
     Greyhound vary more than those of the Sloughi, with large
     quantities of white absent in the Sloughi. In well exercised
     individuals, the Greyhound looks much more muscular, the Sloughi
     leaner. Seen from above, the Greyhound is much wider than the
     Sloughi. The Sloughi is slower, averaging 28-31 miles/hour, but has
     more stamina. The racing style of the Sloughi looks more "pulled
     together" as a result of its squarish structure, the Sloughi does
     not flex its back as much as the Greyhound.
     
   _What are the difference between the Sloughi, the Saluki and the
   Azawakh?_
   
     _Geographical origin:_
     The Sloughi originates from North Africa (Morocco, Algeria,
     Tunisia, Lybia), the Azawakh from Central Africa (Mali,Cha, Niger
     Burkina-Faso), The Saluki from outside and East of Africa (Saudi
     Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey), the Afghan Hound from Afghanistan. The
     indigenous Salukis of Iran /Irak and the indigenous Tazis of
     Afghanistan as these 3 countries have common borders.
     
     _Genetic differences:_
     Inherited differences between these 4 breeds are at different
     levels
     
     1) blood proteins
     According to the comparative studies of K.Bruchmüller on the blood
     proteins of various Sighthounds and other dogs, these 4 breeds have
     distinct genetic profiles. More specifically, the Sloughi and the
     Azawakh, both African Sighthounds, are the only Sighthound breeds
     to date in which an additional allele B was found on the
     Glucose-Phosphate-Isomerase (GPI) locus. This allele had been found
     otherwise in the fox, the jackal, the coyote, an Italian wolf
     population and a few dog breeds (German Shepherd, poodles, Epagneul
     papillon).
     
     The Saluki and the Afghan hound were the only Sighthound breeds
     with a third allele C on the Esterases (ES) locus, and the
     Greyhound was the only breed with only allele A, the remaining
     breeds having alleles A & B on that locus. Further, the Afghan
     hound and the Borzoi have an additional allele B on the Tetrazoli
     umoxidase (TO) locus, not seen in the Saluki. The Saluki, the
     Afghan hound and the Borzoi have an additional allele B on the
     Glucose-6-Phosphat-Dehydrogenase (G6pd) locus, whereas the Azawakh,
     Greyhound and Sloughi have only the allele A on that locus. The
     Afghan hound is the only Sighthound examined in this study in which
     only one allele B (no allele A) was found on the Postalbumin 1(Pa1)
     locus. The Greyhound and the Borzoi are the only Sighthounds in
     this study with a third allele C on the Leuciaminopeptidase (Lap)
     locus.
     
     The blood proteins of the Sloughi and Azawakh are almost identical
     whereas each other breed shows a difference on at least one locus.
     In spite of these differences, the Afghan, Azawakh, Borzoi,
     Greyhound, Saluki and Sloughi all have one thing in common: All
     show alleles A & B on the Postalbumine 3 (Pa3) locus.
     
     2) coat texture
     Sloughis and Azawakhs are always smooth, Salukis are either smooth
     or feathered, Afghan hounds are long-haired. However, there is a
     variety of smooth Afdghans, not yet recognized by the FCI. Such
     smooths Afghan hounds offered to the French President George
     Pompidou by the king of Afghanistan. Siblings with both kind of
     coats can be found in the Saluki and the Afghan hound, not in the
     Sloughi and the Azawakh. The fact that long-coated show Afghans
     once in a while throw smooth puppies is a reminder that the breed
     still carries that characteristic in its genes.
     
     3) coat color
     These 4 breeds have been bred in distinct coloration patterns (for
     the sake of consistency I refer here to the FCI standards for these
     4 breeds): The Sloughi is always solid with no extensive white
     markings (a white patch on the chest and few white hair at the tip
     of the toes are overlooked). There are no parti-colored Sloughis,
     i.e no extensive "irish" or "piebald". Colors are all shades of
     light sand to red with or without black mask, black ears, brindle,
     dark overlay and black mantel. The typical colors are
     sand/brindle/black mask or sand black mask. The Saluki is found in
     any color except brindle, the black mask is very rare and not found
     on sand (creme) coats. The Saluki can be parti-colored or white or
     grizzle. Although the brindle is not allowed in the standard of the
     Saluki, some tazis found in Turkey, Iran and Irak are brindle. The
     Azawakh is red or sand, with black mask, dark overlay or brindle.
     It has extensive white markings such as white socks, white blaze,
     white tip of tail, extensive white throat patch. In Africa other
     colors are found which are not recognized by the FCI standard for
     the breed such as parti color and black & white. The Afghan hound
     can be found in all coat colors, with black mask, brindle, black
     ears, black mantel, and grizzle (domino).
     
     4) structure
     Although there is a certain degree of variation within each breed
     with some overlap in the looks of some individuals of each breed,
     the body proportions, topline, underline and angulations of these
     breeds are different.
     
     The Azawakh is built on a standing rectangle. The top-line descends
     along the neck, at an angle over the withers, and straightens along
     the back. The hips are slightly higher than, or level with, the
     withers, the croup is bony, the brisket does not reach the elbow,
     the underline is first falling then rising sharply.
     
     The Sloughi is squarish, slightly higher than long. The top-line
     descends along the neck and straightens along the back. The withers
     are hardly visible and the topline is almost straight from the base
     of the neck. There is a slight curve over the loin. The croup is
     bony, the brisket does not reach the elbow, the underline is first
     straight (long sternum) then rising sharply.
     
     The Saluki is squarish to slightly rectangular. The top-line
     descends along the neck, at an angle over the withers, and
     straightens along the back. The croup is bony but often more
     rounded than in the previous 2 breeds. The brisket usually reaches
     the elbow, the underline rising evenly from the elbow.
     
     The long coated Afghan hound is difficult to assess, because of the
     long coat which hides many features of the body structure. In more
     general terms, the Afghan hound is squarish to slighthly
     rectangular with a topline descending along the neck, at an angle
     over the withers and straightening along the back. The croup is
     bony. In smooths, and in dogs with a somewhat longer coat, the few
     pictures available show a brisket which reaches the elbow, the
     underline rising evenly from the elbow.
     
     Salukis and Afghan hounds are usually more angulated in the rear
     than Sloughis, which are more angulated than the Azawakh. Salukis
     and Afghan hounds usually have larger ears than Azawakhs which
     usually have larger ears than Sloughis. Sloughis, particularly the
     males, have larger and stronger heads than Salukis and Azawakhs.
     Sloughis are usually bigger and look more powerful than either
     Salukis and Azawakhs. Sloughis and Azawakhs are more leggy and
     usually have more tuck than Salukis and Afghan hounds.
     
     All 4 breeds have a very noble and impressive bearing. The
     expression of the Sloughi is gentle and melancholy, almost sad. The
     expression of the Azawakh's almond-shaped eyes is intense and
     somewhat feral, the expression of the Saluki is thoughtful and
     alert, the expression of the Afghan hound is alert, dignified and
     sometimes haughty.
     
     5) natural gait The Azawakh has a flashy and springy gait, head and
     tail held high. There is no exageration in extension. As a result
     of its "standing rectangle" structure, the racing style of the
     Azawakh is an upright gallop.
     
     The Sloughi has a smooth, floating, effortless gait, tail held low,
     head at a moderate angle to the body. There is no exageration in
     extension, the front paw not reaching beyond the tip of the nose.
     This type of gait enables an animal to cover large distances
     without tiring. The racing style resembles more that of the
     greyhound, but looks more pulled together as a result of the
     squarish structure of the Sloughi versus the "lying rectangle"
     structure of the Greyhound. Because of its straighter topline, the
     Sloughi does not flex its back as much as the Greyhound.
     
     The Saluki has a light and effortless gait, in which the degree of
     reach and drive varies between the extreme extension, front paws
     reaching beyond the tip of the nose, of some modern show dogs, and
     the more moderate gait of the so-called "old fashioned" or "desert
     breds", which resembles more that of the Sloughi. Like in the
     Sloughi the tail is held low and the head is at a normal angle to
     the body.
     
     The Afghan hound has a stylish, smooth and springy gait. Like in
     the Azawakh the head and tail are held high. Like in the Saluki,
     some modern show Afghans have a longer striding trot than dogs
     imported from their country of origin. The racing style is
     difficult to analyse and compare as it is hampered by the heavy
     coat, and the information is unavailable for the smooth Afghan.
     
     According to studies which clocked the speed of these 4 breeds on
     oval tracks in Germany, the Sloughi and Saluki are basically
     identical, the Azawakh is slower and the long-coated Afghan hound
     even more, however not excluding the possibility that the smooth
     could be faster than the long-coated Afghan.
     
     All 4 breeds are good watch dogs, with the Azawakh being probably
     the most protective. All are aloof towards strangers. All are
     excellent hunters. Where they come from, the Sloughi, Azawakh and
     Saluki usually hunt in open spaces (desert or open plains or
     steppe), they also protect sheep and goat herds from jackals
     (Sloughi and Azawakh) or other local wild canids (Saluki in
     Turkey). The long coated Afghan hound was used to hunt in tough
     mountainous terrain, whereas the smooth and somewhat longer coated
     varieties more often hunted in the open plains. All are or were
     highly treasured by their respective societies.
     
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
References

   The text above includes parts of articles published by the author
   about the Sloughi in "Sighthound Review" (editor Bo Bengtson), "Dog
   World" (editor Donna Marcel), "Field Advisory News" (editor Vicki
   Clark), the "SKC Journal" (States kennel Club) and "The Sloughi"
   (Sloughi Fanciers Association of America).
   
   FCI Standard 188(Morocco) Fédération Cynologique Internationale
   Remarks on the Standard 188 (1994) by D. Crapon de Caprona.
   
   The Ways of the Desert (1971) by Général Daumas. This translation into
   English of a French 19th century work mistakenly replaced the original
   word "Sloughi" by "Saluki". University of Texas Press, Austin and
   London, USA
   
   Variation of Blood Proteins in Race Hounds (1993) by K. Scherer
   (Bruchmüller), Journal of Veterinary Medicine A 39, Paul Parey
   Scientific Publishers, Berlin and Hamburg, Germany. 
   
   The Sloughi (1995) by the Sloughi Fanciers Association of America, PO
   Box 1202, Wildomar CA 92595, USA
   
   The "Rare" Sighthound breeds, FCI Group 10 (1995) by D. Crapon de
   Caprona, Field Advisory News, November/December issue, editor Vicki
   Clark, Alpaugh, CA, USA
   
   Tracking the Sloughi in North Africa (1995), I.& E. Schritt, edited
   and translated by D. Crapon de Caprona Sighthound Review March April,
   May-June issues, editor Bo Bengtson, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
   
   Sloughi International, magazine, editor E. Schritt, Germany.
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
Resources

  Kennel Clubs which recognize the Sloughi
  
   Conformation events
          Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI, Puerto Rico, South
          America, Morocco & Europe), Union Cynologie Internationale
          (UCI)
          
          USA: UCI- International All Breed Kennel Club of America,
          United Kennel Club (UKC), States Kennel Club (SKC), American
          Rare Breed Association (ARBA) World Wide Kennel Club (WWKC)
          
          Canada: Southern Ontario Rare Breed Club, Canadian Rare Breed
          Association, Credit Valley Kennel and Obedience Rare Breed
          shows.
          
   Performance events
          USA/Canada: members of the Sloughi Fanciers Association of
          America have worked together with members of the following
          associations to enable the Sloughi to compete in their events
          (all non-commercial) National Oval Track Racing Association
          (NOTRA), Large Gazehound Racing Association (sprint, LGRA),
          American Sighthound Field Association (lure-coursing, ASFA)
          (miscellaneous stake over 18"), National Open Field Coursing
          Association (open field hunts, NOFCA), North American Coursing
          Association (open field hunts, NACA).
          
  Contacts
  
   In the USA, for information about the breed, conformation/performance
   events involving Sloughis, reputable breeders, rescue service,
   quarterly newsletter, contact:
   
     The Sloughi Fanciers Association of America
     PO Box 1202 Wildomar CA 92595
     909-674-3079
     http://www.sloughi.org
     For fast contact E-Mail to Fritzsch@Creighton.edu
     
     _________________________________________________________________
                                      
   Sloughi FAQ
   Bernd Fritsch, Fritzsch@Creighton.edu
   Copyright 1996 by Dominique Crapon de Caprona, Ph.D.
   
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