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Ada FAQ: The Ada WWW Server

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Archive-name: computer-lang/Ada/www-server
Comp-lang-ada-archive-name: www-server
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Last-modified: 31 May 1996
Last-posted: 23 April 1996

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
                Ada FAQ: The Home of the Brave Ada Programmers
                               (HBAP WWW Server)

   In this FAQ you will find: an overview of the contents of the HBAP WWW
   server (the Home of the Brave Ada Programmers), general information on
   WWW, and references to some available WWW browsers.

    Recent changes to this FAQ are listed in the first section after the table
    of contents. This document is under explicit copyright.

Table of Contents:

     * Introduction
     * What's On The HBAP WWW Server?
     * Cross-referencing
     * Submission Directions
     * Other Ada-Related WWW Servers
     * What is WWW?
     * Some WWW browsers
     * Copying this FAQ

Recent changes to this FAQ

     * 960531: more minor updates (new material, other Ada-related WWW
     * 960123: minor updates and corrections.
     * 950915: www-through-email service no longer available.
     * 950621: update of the information on WWW browsers and email
     * 950420: minor extensions and revisions.
     * 950124: approved for posting in *.answers.
     * 950119: new material in the Home of the Brave Ada Programmers.



   The HBAP WWW Server is a hypertext information server to help
   disseminate information about the Ada programming language. It is
   alive and heavily used. The HBAP was created and is managed by Magnus

   The URL of HBAP is
   [don't forget the trailing '/'; and it's 'Ada', neither 'ADA' nor

   The HBAP Ada WWW server keeps growing. All comments, ideas,
   contributions, and requests for additions or corrections, are most
   welcome. Email should be directed to the maintainer,

   HBAP is physically located at the Software Engineering Lab of the
   Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland.

   The latest version of this FAQ is always accessible through WWW as


   This FAQ is maintained on an individual volunteer basis, by Magnus
   Kempe ( [Note: This is done as a hobby, not
   in my capacity as an employee at the Swiss Federal Institute of
   Technology. --MK]

Information about this document

   This file is posted monthly to comp.lang.ada, comp.answers, and

   This document has a home on the HBAP, in hypertext format, URL

   It is available --as posted in *.answers-- on, which
   archives all FAQ files posted to *.answers; see directory

   The text-only version is also available in directory

   Magnus Kempe maintains this document; it's a hobby, not a job.
   Feedback (corrections, suggestions, ideas) about it is to be sent via
   e-mail to

   In all cases, the most up-to-date version of the FAQ is the version
   maintained on the HBAP WWW Server. Please excuse any formatting
   inconsistencies in the posted version of this document, as it is
   automatically generated from the on-line version.

What's On The HBAP WWW Server?

   The HBAP WWW Server provides Ada-related information and hypertext
   access in areas including but not limited to:
     * Reference Texts
          + hypertext versions of RM 95 and LRM 83
          + text of RM 95 and LRM 83
          + hypertext version of the Ada 95 Rationale
          + text of the Ada 83 Rationale
     * Resources
          + standards
          + bindings
          + tools and components
          + software repositories
          + lists of books and articles, and bibliographies
          + online papers
          + research activities
          + access to the current list of validated compilers
          + cheap and free compilers
          + educational discounts
          + lists of compiler and tool vendors
          + CD-ROMs
     * Intellectual Ammunition
          + some facts about the language
          + Ada 9X, and state of revision process (the name is Ada 95)
          + moving from C/C++ to Ada
          + Ada in academia (e.g. who teaches Ada, textbooks, educational
          + Ada in industry (e.g. success stories)
          + special interest groups
          + debunking myths
     * Introductory Material
          + design goals and summary of the language
          + an excellent free online tutorial on Ada 95 (Lovelace)
          + an annotated list of textbooks
          + information about free compilers
     * Frequently Asked Questions--with Answers
          + comp.lang.ada
          + Programming with Ada
          + Learning Ada
          + Ada WWW
          + PAL
          + Team-Ada
     * FTP Sites --with Mirrors-- and other Ada-related WWW Servers
     * Ada-related Conferences, News and Events
          + conferences, workshops (calls for papers, programs)
          + calendar
          + press releases
          + technical and other news
     * Historical Notes on Ada
          + the Lady and the programming language
     * Ada Picture Gallery

   For instance, you will find the list of schools using Ada in CS1 or
   CS2, articles on commercial success stories, information about
   software components, as well as hypertext versions of the Ada
   reference manual (both 83 and draft 9X).


   The main entry point to the HBAP WWW Server is the page "Home of the
   Brave Ada Programmers", located at URL

   Don't forget the trailing slash!

   If you reference the HBAP WWW Server in a document, you should use the
   name "Home of the Brave Ada Programmers" -- or possibly "HBAP" or "The
   HBAP WWW Server".

   The URL and names indicated above are the reference you should HREF if
   you want to keep a pointer to this page (other references are subject
   to change anytime--well, it's not quite that drastic, but they're not
   cast in electronic stone). For instance, using Netscape, you can use
   the Add Bookmark option of the Bookmarks menu to record a URL when you
   are visiting it.

Submission Directions

   The HBAP WWW Server is a service provided as a means of disseminating
   information on Ada. Submittals are accepted by e-mail in text form,
   HTML markup, or as references to other locations containing
   information related to Ada. For other formats, please send a proposal
   first and we'll work it out.

    Upload Directions

   There is no "upload" directory for security reasons. To submit a
   document please send an e-mail message which contains a description of
   the contents of the document and the document as an attachment. If you
   send the document in a compressed or translated form, please indicate
   how to uncompress. If your document is very large--say 1 MB--I'll tell
   you how to upload it through FTP.

   Send all correspondence to:

    Description of Contents

   Please make sure that the nature of the document is clear (title,
   author, contact information, date).

    Copyright Restrictions

   If the document has been copyrighted for publication elsewhere,
   provide information from the copyright holder that permission is
   granted to publish the document in this form (and DO provide a
   copyright notice). If it hasn't been published elsewhere, put an
   explicit copyright statement on it to protect your intellectual


Other Ada-Related WWW Servers

   After the creation of HBAP, a number of personal and institutional
   efforts have also created Ada-oriented WWW servers. Here is a

          ACM SIGAda -- the ACM Special Interest Group on the Ada
          programming language -- has its own home page, where you can
          find the latest information about ACM SIGAda's activities.

          The SIGAda home page points to information on SIGAda, including
          the many different Working Groups within SIGAda. There you'll
          find info on topics such as bindings, software standards,
          reuse, performance issues, and Artificial Intelligance and Ada
          just to name a few. There is also information on the many local
          SIGAda organizations found world wide. Additionally, there are
          links from the SIGAda page to many Ada resources found around
          the internet.

   Ada Information Clearinghouse
          The AdaIC is sponsored by the US DoD through the AJPO. It has a
          mission, a server, and a newsletter, and it publishes many
          reports and reference documents (online and on paper).

          The Public Ada Library at WUArchive, USA.

   European mirror of PAL
          Located at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris

          Ada-Belgium organizes an annual seminar, an annual Ada Tools
          Exhibition, small workshops, publishes 3 issues of its
          newsletter a year, and has two e-mail lists for the Ada
          community in Belgium. On demand, training seminars can be
          organized. They also manage an Ada archive (with material from
          the PAL, see below).

          The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded
          research and development center operated since 1984 by Carnegie
          Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

          The SEI is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense through
          the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The SEI objective
          is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the
          transition of new software engineering technology into

          (This site has a lot of material about Software Engineering in
          general, and some about Ada in particular.)

What Is WWW?

   The World Wide Web (WWW) is what Fortune Magazine ("The Internet And
   Your Business," March 7, 1994, pp. 86-96) called the "killer
   application" that will make the Internet indispensable to anyone in
   the 1990's just as the spreadsheet did for the PC in the 1980's.

   WWW is like a distributed hypermedia encyclopedia. It is a database
   and communications protocol, it is multimedia, distributed, and
   hypertext. Clicking on links takes the user from document to document,
   from site to site, world-wide. WWW was originally developed by
   researchers at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.

   The basic concepts used in WWW are hypertext--text that is not
   constrained to be linear--and multimedia--information that is not
   constrained to be text. With hypertext, documents can contain links to
   other documents, or another reference within the same document. With
   multimedia, documents can contain objects that are not necessarily
   text--sounds, movies, and interactive sessions are all possible.

   Now everyone knows (or pretends to know) what the Internet and WWW
   are; indeed, as early as in 1994, the WWW attracted attention from
     * Business Week (Nov 14, 1994, pp. 80-88; March 28, 1994, pp. 170
       and 180),
     * Byte ("Data Highway," March 1994; "The Web Means Business",
       November 1994, pp. 26-27),
     * Scientific American ("Wire Pirates," March 1994),
     * New Media (November 1994),
     * PC Magazine (October 11, 1994),
     * Conde Nast Traveller (11/94, pp. 37-49, 58),
     * Money (November 1994, p. 125),
     * Unix Review (October 1994),
     * Advanced Systems ("Doing Business on the Internet", November 1994,
       pp. 50-55),
     * German Der Spiegel (March 1994), and
     * British PC Week (March 15, 1994).

   For more information, read the WWW FAQ, available in hypertext at and in the FTP archive of

Some WWW Browsers

   Commercial and free WWW browsers are available for all major platforms
   (Unix, Macintosh, Windows, DOS, VMS, VM, NeXTstep...). New versions
   become available at least twice a year (for each browser), and even
   new browsers regularly make their appearance.

   A list of browsers is available on the Web as and used to be regarded
   as an authoritative list.

   Here is some quick reference information for a few free browsers:

   Mosaic (the catalyst of the WWW) is the name of an application which
   lets users navigate through the Internet and browse through the Web;
   this software --distributed free to anyone who requests it and
   available for Unix workstations, Macintosh systems, and MS Windows--
   is developed and maintained at NCSA, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. The
   Mosaic binaries are FTP-able from (Unix
   and VMS), and

   Lynx is a full screen browser for vt100 terminals; precompiled
   binaries are available from

   Cello is a client for PCs running Windows, available from

   W3 is an Emacs subsystem, available from


Copying this FAQ

   This FAQ is Copyright © 1994-1996 by Magnus Kempe. It may be freely
   redistributed --as posted by the copyright holder in comp.lang.ada--
   in other forums than Usenet News as long as it is completely
   unmodified and that no attempt is made to restrict any recipient from
   redistributing it on the same terms. It may not be sold or
   incorporated into commercial documents without the explicit written
   permission of the copyright holder.

   Permission is granted for this document to be made available under the
   same conditions for file transfer from sites offering unrestricted
   file transfer on the Internet and from Forums on e.g. Compuserve and

   This document is provided as is, without any warranty.



    Magnus Kempe --

     "I know not what course others may take, but as for me,
     Give me Liberty... or Give me Death!"
     -- Patrick Henry, Son of Thunder

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