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comp.compression Frequently Asked Questions (part 1/3)
Section - [13] I need source for arithmetic coding

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(See question 70 for an introduction to arithmetic coding.)

The source for the arithmetic coder described in Chap.5 of Bell, Cleary, and
Witten's book "Text Compression" (see question 7 above) (or, equivalently, in:
Witten, Neal, and Cleary's article "Arithmetic Coding for data Compression"
from Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 30 (6),
pp.520-540, June, 1987) is in
It only comes with a simple order-0 model but it's set up so that adding your
own more sophisticated one is straightforward. Look also in

C language source code for adaptive arithmetic coding based on the
Witten-Neal-Cleary source code is in
This version uses structures for the coder, decoder and data model instead of
global variables.  This object oriented approach allows you to simultaneously
use several arithmetic coders, each streaming bits to a different file and to
have several adaptive models for each coder, each with a different number of
symbols and frequncy table.  Written by Fred Wheeler <>

A low precision arithmetic coding implementation avoiding hardware
division is available on the same site in
file low.precision.version.shar

Kris Popat <> has worked on "Scalar Quantization
with Arithmetic Coding."  It describes an arithmetic coding technique
which is quite general and computationally inexpensive.  The
documentation and example C code are available in

The program 'urban' in (see item 12 above) is a high order
arithmetic coder working at the bit level. It is written by Urban Koistinen

The DMC program is available in
It implements the algorithm described in "Data Compression using Dynamic
Markov Modelling", by Gordon Cormack and Nigel Horspool, Computer
Journal 30:6 (December 1987).  This program uses Guazzo's version of
arithmetic coding.

An implementation of Moffat's arithmetic coder is available in

Michael Schindler <> provides a page on Range
Coding which includes an article
and source code. According to Michael Schindler, the performance of that
coder is a lot faster than the A. Moffat et al. CACAM coder or even the
Moffat Data Compression Conference 1995 coder, at least for machines
supporting a fast integer multipy and divide.

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Top Document: comp.compression Frequently Asked Questions (part 1/3)
Previous Document: [12] I need source for the winners of the Dr Dobbs compression contest
Next Document: [15] Where can I get image compression programs?

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