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Catalog of compilers, interpreters, and other language tools [p5of5]

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 )
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Archive-name: compilers/free/part5
Last-modified: 2000/02/08
Version: 10.3

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Wirth family languages
category:	Wirth family languages
description:	These are the languages that were either designed by Niklaus
		Wirth or are descended from them.
lref:		IFP

language:	CLU
iref:		(CLU) Tim Budd's C++ implementation of Kamin's interpreters

language:	Modula-2, Pascal
package:	m2
version:	? 7/2/92 ?
parts:		? compiler ?
author:		Michael L. Powell.  See description below.
description:	A modula-2 compiler for VAX and MIPS.  A Pascal
		compiler for VAX is also included.  The Pascal compiler
		accepts a language that is almost identical to Berkeley
		Pascal.	 It was originally designed and built by Michael L.
		Powell, in 1984.  Joel McCormack made it faster, fixed lots of
		bugs, and swiped/wrote a User's Manual.	 Len Lattanzi ported it
		to the MIPS.
conformance:	extensions:
		+ foreign function and data interface
		+ dynamic array variables
		+ subarray parameters
		+ multi-dimensional open array parameters
		+ inline proceedures
		+ longfloat type
		+ type-checked interface to C library I/O routines
restriction:	must pass changes back to Digital
ports:		vax (ultrix, bsd), mips (ultrix)
updated:	1992/07/06

language:	Modula-2
package:	Ulm's Modula-2 System
version:	3.0
parts:		compiler, library, tools, documentation
author:		Andreas Borchert <>
description:	This system may be used like other traditional systems
		(e.g. cc) from the command line. Documentation is
		available in the form of manual pages and a HTML tree.
		The compiler has been derived from the ETHZ compiler for
		the Lilith system (4 passes, written in Modula-2).
		More informations may be found under
conformance:	PIM3
restriction:	may be freely distributed unter the terms of the
		GNU General Public License or in case of the library
		under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License.
requires:	SPARCv8 / Solaris 2.x (Note that SunOS 4.x is not supported!)
ports:		SPARCv8, Sun3, Nixdorf Targon/31, Concurrent 3200 Series
contact:	Andreas Borchert <>
announcements:	New releases will be announced in comp.lang.modula2.
updated:	1997/03/06

language:	Modula-2
package:	m2c
version:	0.6
parts:		Modula-2 to C translator
author:		Vladimir N. Makarov <>
description:	A modula-2 translator to C.
conformance:	The translator is based on language report in the 4th edition
		of Wirth's book Programming in Modula-2.  The translator also
		supports of the third edition of Wirth's book.
ports:		Unix
portability:	very high (GNU configure)
support:	Vladimir N. Makarov <>
contact:	Vladimir N. Makarov <>
updated:	1998/01/05

language:	Modula-2
package:	mtc
version:	9209
parts:		translator(->C)
author:		Matthias Martin, Josef Grosch <>
description:	A Modula-2 to C translator
ports:		Unix, Linux, MS-DOS, MS-Windows, OS/2
contact:	Josef Grosch <>
updated:	1992/10/01

language:	Modula-2
package:	mocka
version:	9404
parts:		compiler, library, examples, docs
author:		? Holger Hopp <>
description:	A free version of a Modula-2 compiler for the Intel X86
		under Linux or 386BSD (and derivatives?). Source code
		in Modula-2 is available.
ports:		Linux and 386BSD (also commercial versions)
updated:	1994/04/29

language:	Modula-2* (parallel extension)
package:	IPD Modula-2* Programming Environment
version:	9401
parts:		translator (->C), debugger (SUN4 only), X Windows
		user panel, automatic cross-architecture make,
		sequential and parallel libraries, examples, documentation
author:		IPD Modula-2* team <> consisting of the
		following kernel contributors:
		   Thomas Gauweiler, Stefan U. Haenssgen, Ernst A. Heinz,
		   Paul Lukowicz, Hendrik Mager, Michael Philippsen.
description:	Modula-2* is an extension of Modula-2 for highly parallel,
		portable programs.  IPD Modula-2* is provided freely for
		research, educational and classroom use.  A complete sequential
		Modula-2 environment in provided complemented with a set of
		parallel libraries, which even include routines for
		implementing low-level parallel operations.  The employment of
		of C translator allows increased accessibility to actual
		parallel machines (many have nothing lower-level than C), at
		the expense of Modula-2 features of arrays bounds checking
		and symbolic debugging at the Modula-2* level.
		[An interpreter could be written with functionality subsuming
		 that of a symbolic debugger. -- Mark]
conformance:	PIM but not ISO compliant
reference:	J.R. Smith. "The design and analysis of parallel
		  algorithms. Chapter 3: Modula-2*." Oxford University
		  Press, December 1992.
		M. Philippsen, E.A. Heinz, and P. Lukowicz. "Compiling
		  machine-independent parallel programs." ACM SIGPLAN
		  Notices, v. 28, no. 8, pp. 99-108, August 1993.
		M. Philippsen, T.M. Warschko, W.F. Tichy, C.G. Herter,
		  E.A. Heinz, and P. Lukowicz.	 "Project Triton: Towards
		  improved programmability of parallel computers." In
		  D.J. Lija and P.L. Bird (eds), The Interaction of
		  Compilation Technology and Computer Architecture, Kluwer
		  Academic Publishers, 1994.
		Others available from
ports:		386 and above with BSDI/386 or Linux (sequential),
		KSR-1/KSR-2 with KSR-OS (sequential and parallel),
		DECStation (R3000/R4000) with Ultrix (sequential),
		   MP-1/MP-2 (DECStation frontend) with MP-Ultrix (parallel)
		SUN (Sun-3, Sun-4 SPARCStation) with SunOS (sequential),
portability:	sources are for GMD Mocka Modula-2 compiler
status:		supported
updated:	???

language:	Modula-2, Modula-3
package:	m2tom3
version:	2.00
parts:		Translator (Modula-2->Modula-3),
		Modula-2 standard library emulation
author:		Peter Klein <>
description:	m2tom3 is a system to port Modula-2 programs to Modula-3.
		It consists of two parts:
		1) A conversion program which tries to create a Modula-3
		source text with the same semantics as the Modula-2 input
		while retaining the original look and feel as good as possible.
		2) A base library which tries to emulate the Modula-2 standard
		library using the Modula-3 standard library.
		This version performs a wide range of conversions including
		WITH-statements, variant RECORDS, qualification of enumeration
		type literals etc.
		For a detailed description, see the enclosed README file.
requires:	DEC SRC Modula-3 release 3.3
help:		<>
announcements:	comp.lang.modula2, comp.lang.modula3
contact:	<>
updated:	1994/11/30

language:	pm2
package:	PRAM emulator and parallel modula-2 compiler ??
version:	?
parts:		compiler, emulator
author:		?
description:	A software emulator for parallel random access machine (PRAM)
		and a parallel modula-2 compiler for the emulator.  A PRAM
		consists of P processors, an unbounded shared memory, and a
		common clock. Each processor is a random access machine (RAM)
		consisting of R registers, a program counter, and a read-only
		signature register. Each RAM has an identical program, but the
		RAMs can branch to different parts of the program. The RAMs
		execute the program synchronously one instruction in one clock
		pm2 programming language is Modula-2/Pascal mixture having
		extensions for parallel execution in a PRAM. Parallelism is
		expressed by pardo-loop- structure. Additional features include
		privat/shared variables, two synchronization strategies, load
		balancing and parallel dynamic memory allocation.
contact:	Simo Juvaste <>
updated:	1993/02/17

language:	Modula-3
package:	SRC Modula-3
version:	3.5
parts:		compiler(->C), runtime library, documentation
author:		DEC Systems Research Center <>
		LINUX version compiled by Michel Dagenais
    OS2: in pub/m3/os2 (binaries only)
description:	The goal of Modula-3 is to be as simple and safe as it
		can be while meeting the needs of modern systems
		programmers.  Instead of exploring new features, we
		studied the features of the Modula family of languages
		that have proven themselves in practice and tried to
		simplify them into a harmonious language.  We found
		that most of the successful features were aimed at one
		of two main goals: greater robustness, and a simpler,
		more systematic type system.  Modula-3 retains one of
		Modula-2's most successful features, the provision for
		explicit interfaces between modules.  It adds objects
		and classes, exception handling, garbage collection,
		lightweight processes (or threads), and the isolation
		of unsafe features.
conformance:	implements the language defined in SPwM3.
requires:	gcc, preferrably X11
ports:		i386/AIX 68020/DomainOS Acorn/RISCiX MIPS/Ultrix 68020/HP-UX
		RS6000/AIX IBMRT/4.3 68000/NextStep i860/SVR4 SPARC/SunOS
		68020/SunOS sun386/SunOS Multimax/4.3 VAX/Ultrix FreeBSD Linux
discussion:	comp.lang.modula3
contact:	Bill Kalsow <>
updated:	1995/07/09

language:	Oberon2
package:	Oberon-2 LEX/YACC definition
version:	1.4
parts:		parser(yacc), scanner(lex)
author:		Stephen J Bevan <>
description:	A LEX and YACC grammar for Oberon 2 based on the one given
		in the listed reference.
reference:	The Programming Language Oberon-2
		H. M\"{o}ssenb\"{o}ck, N. Wirth
		Institut f\"{u}r Computersysteme, ETH Z\"{u}rich
		January 1992
restriction:	Portions of the source under copyright by U. Manchester.
status:		un-officially supported
updated:	1992/07/06

language:	Oberon
package:	Ceres workstation Oberon System
version:	?
parts:		compiler
author:		?
description:	file format is Oberon, binary header
status:		The sources to the various _full_ implementations are indeed
		not available but the source to most of the complete Ceres
		workstation Oberon System, including NS32032 code generator but
		less low level system specific is available. This includes the
		complete Oberon compiler written in Oberon.
updated:	?

language:	Oberon
package:	Ulm's Oberon System
version:	0.4
parts:		compiler, tools, library, documentation
author:		Andreas Borchert <>
description:	In comparison to the Oberon Systems of ETH Zurich this system
		may be used like other traditional language systems (e.g. cc).
		It consists of a compiler, a makefile generator, a debugger,
		and a large library which has a system-independent kernel that
		supports exception handling, concurrency, synchronization,
		persistence, and distributed systems. The package contains a
		copying garbage collector.  The compiler is written in
		Modula-2, the debugger in C, all other parts are written in
		Oberon. More informations may be found at
conformance:	N. Wirth, ``The Programming Language Oberon'',
		SP&E July 1988 with some selective adaptions of later
		revisions. The compiler still requires the separation of
		definitions & modules like Modula-2.
restriction:	The compiler and associated tools fall under the GNU CopyLeft,
		and the library under the GNU library general public license.
ports:		Sun3/SunOS 4.1.1, Nixdorf Targon/31
status:		Active -- will be ported to SPARC/Solaris 2.x
announcements:	New releases will be announced in comp.lang.oberon.
updated:	1997/03/06

language:	Oberon-2
package:	o2c
version:	1.4
author:		Michael van Acken <>
		Juergen Zimmermann <>
description:	o2c is an Oberon-2 compiler that translates into the C
		dialect accepted by the GNU C compiler (version 2.5.8 or
		above).	 The compiler provides it's own make facility.
		The package includes a symbol file browser and a
		GNU Emacs mode that allows to use Emacs as a comfortable
		programming environment for the compiler.
		o2c is known to run on several 32bit UNIX-plattforms.
		It comes with full source-code.
conformance:	The programming language Oberon-2, Oct. 93, ETH Zuerich
restriction:	GNU General Public License
ports:		UNIX, tested on [GNU-cannonical name/GCC version]
updated:	1996/04/01

language:	Oberon-2
package:	Jacob
version:	0
parts:		compiler, library, documentation, examples
author:		Max Spring <>, Ralf Bauer <>
description:	Jacob compiles Oberon-2 to 386 GNU Assembler code.
conformance:	Oberon-2 as defined in "The Programming Language Oberon-2"
		from H.Moessenboeck, N. Wirth, March 1995
reference:	"Read Me"
		"The Programming Language Oberon-2"
features:	+ automatic storage reclamation (garbage collection)
		+ FOREIGN modules for accessing third party libraries
		+ verbose run-time error messages
bugs:		report bugs to
restriction:	none
requires:	GNU assembler
ports:		Linux (386)
status:		First public release
discussion:	comp.lang.oberon
help:		contact the authors
contact:	Max Spring <>
updated:	1995/09/12

language:	Parallaxis
package:	parallaxis
version:	Parallaxis-III
parts:		?,debugger, viz tools, simulator, x-based profiler
author:		Thomas Braunl <>
description:	Parallaxis is a procedural programming language based
		on Modula-2, but extended for data parallel (SIMD) programming.
		The main approach for machine independent parallel programming
		is to include a description of the virtual parallel machine
		with each parallel algorithm.
ports:		MP-1, CM-2, Sun-3, Sun-4, DECstation, HP 700, RS/6000
contact:	? Thomas Braunl <> ?
updated:	1992/10/23

language:	Pascal
package:	p2c
version:	1.20
parts:		translator(Pascal->C)
author:		Dave Gillespie <>
description:	?
conformance:	supports ANSI/ISO standard Pascal as well as substantial
		subsets of HP, Turbo, VAX, and many other Pascal dialects.
ports:		?
updated:	1990/04/13

language:	Pascal
package:	Pascal P4 compiler and interpreter
version:	? 1
parts:		compiler, assembler/interpreter, documentation
author:		Urs Ammann, Kesav Nori, Christian Jacobi
description:	A compiler for Pascal written in Pascal, producing an
		intermediate code, with an assembler and interpreter
		for the code.
reference:	Pascal Implementation, by Steven Pemberton and Martin
		Daniels, published by Ellis Horwood, Chichester, UK
		(an imprint of Prentice Hall), ISBN: 0-13-653-0311.
		Also available in Japanese.
contact:	<>
updated:	1993/07/05

language:	Pascal
package:	? iso_pascal ?
version:	?
parts:		scanner(lex), parser(yacc)
author:		?
location:	comp.sources.unix archive volume 13
description:	?
updated:	?

language:	Pascal
package:	pasos2
version:	Alpha
parts:		Compiler, run-time library
author:		Willem Jan Withagen <>
description:	a PASCAL/i386 compiler which generates
		code for OS/2 and DOS. It uses EMX as DOS extender and
		GNU/GAS,  MASM or TASM as assembler.
updated:	1993/12/17

language:	Pascal
package:	ptc
version:	?
parts:		translator(Pascal->C)
author:		?
location:  ?	 (use archie?)
description:	?
contact:	?
updated:	?

language:	Turbo Pascal, Turbo C
package:	tptc
version:	?
parts:		translator(Turbo Pascal->Turbo C)
author:		?
description:	(It does come with full source and a student recently used it
		as a start for a language that included stacks and queues as a
		built-in data type.
contact:	?
updated:	?

language:	Pascal
package:	QCK
version:	2.0
parts:		compiler(written in ANSI-C), library, assembler,
		linker etc.
author:		Henrik Quintel <quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
description:	Supports standard pascal with a few exceptions
		(set of.. , packed arrays, packed records,
		procedures/functions as parameters)
features:	Read the README file
bugs:		Cos, tan, sin.... does not work right !
requires:	PC-Minix 1.6.25 1.6.30 1.7.0
help:		<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
support:	<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
Announcements:	comp.os.minix, comp.compilers
contact:	<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
updated:	1995/01/09

language:	Pascal-Debugger
package:	QCK
version:	1.0
parts:		Debugger/Interpreter(written in ANSI-C)
author:		Henrik Quintel <quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
location:	Server	  :
		Directory :/pub/minix/pascal/
description:	Supports standard pascal with a few exceptions
		(set of.. , packed arrays, packed records,
		procedures/functions as parameters)
features:	Read the README file
bugs:		Cos, tan, sin.... does not work right !
requires:	PC-Minix 1.6.25 1.6.30 1.7.0
help:		<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
support:	<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
announcements:	comp.os.minix, comp.compilers
contact:	<quintel@nibelung.Worms.Fh-Rpl.DE>
updated:	1995/01/09

language:	Pascal
iref:		(Pascal) Tim Budd's C++ implementation of Kamin's interpreters

language:	Cantata - Extensible Visual Programming Language
package:	Khoros
version:	2.2
parts:		Composer, Ghostwriter, Source Configuration & Management,
		Animate, Editimage, Xprism, Viewimage.	See features for
		more details.
description:	Khoros is an integrated software development environment for
		information processing and visualization, based on the X
		Windows System.
author:		Khoral Research Inc
reference:	Rasure and Kubica, "The Khoros Application Development
		Environment", Experimental Environments for Computer Vision
		and Image Processing, editor H.I Christensen and J.L Crowley,
		World Scientific 1994.
		Konstantinides and Rasure, "The Khoros Software Development
		Environment For Image And Signal Processing", IEEE
		Transactions on Image Processing, VOL. 3, No. 3 May 1994,
		pp. 243-252.
		Rasure, Williams, Argiro, and Sauer, "A Visual Language and
		Software Development Environment for Image Processing",
		International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, Vol.
		2, pp 183-199 (1990)
		Man pages included with software distribution.
features:	+Composer - Interactive Graphical User Interface Editor
		+Ghostwriter - Code Generation Tool for a Command Line User Interface
		+Source Configuration & Management - Tools to install and maintain a distributed source tree
		+Animate - Interactive Image Sequence Display Tool
		+Editimage - Interactive Image Display & Manipulation Program
		+Xprism - 2D and 3D Plotting Packages
		+Viewimage - A basic interactive program for surface rendering documentation
bugs:		k2-xvapp-bugs-FAQ, k2-xvlib-bugs-FAQ
restriction:	Free access to Khoros, but not in the public domain. The
		software is owned by Khoral Research, Inc., and does carry a
		License and Copyright. While Khoros may be used by any
		organization free of charge, it can not be distributed
		without a license. All users of the system should register
		with Khoral Research and agree to abide by the Free Access
		License terms and conditions.
requires:	gzip, C Compiler, X (R11), lex/yacc
discussion:	comp.soft-sys.khoros
ports:		Many Un*x ports
help:		Khoros Consortium,
updated:	?

category:	assemblers

language:	various assembly
package:	GNU assembler (GAS)
version:	2.5.2
parts:		assembler, documentation
author:		?
location:	ftp binutils-*.tar.z from a GNU archive site
description:	Many CPU types are now handled, and COFF and IEEE-695 formats
		are supported as well as standard a.out.
ports:		Sun-3, Sun-4, i386/{386BSD, BSD/386, FreeBSD, Linux, PS/2-AIX},
updated:	1994/11/02

language:	various assembly
package:	fas: Frankenstein Cross Assemblers
version:	?
parts:		base assembler, parser modules (yacc), documentation?
author:		Mark Zenier
		[Inform me of the other sites -Mark]
description:	A reconfigurable assembler package, especially suited for
		8-bit processors, consisting of a base assembler module and
		a yacc parser, for each microprocessor, to handle mnemonics and
		addressing.  Second party parser modules available from many
requires:	YACC
updated:	?

language:	6502, Z80, 8085, 68xx
package:	?
version:	?
parts:		?
author: and Alan R. Baldwin
location: ?
description:	I have enhanced a set of 68xx and Z80 and 8085 cross assemblers
		to support 6502. These assemblers run on MS-DOS computers or on
		any systems that support standard Kerninghan & Richie C, for
		example, Amiga, Atari ST and any "big" machines
updated:	1993/03/10

language:	6502, 6800, and 16 and 32 bit machine-independent skeletons
package:	?
version:	?
parts:		assembler, manual
author:		Doug Jones <>
description:	Supports macro and conditional features, even, as well as
		being usable for linkage editing of object files.  Easy
		to modify to support other machines.
requires:	Pascal
updated:	?

language:	65xx assembler
package:	d65 disassembler
version:	0.1.0
parts:		disassembler, documentation
author:		Marko.Makela@Helsinki.FIo
description:	A disassembler for the 65xx microprocessor.
ports:		Unix
updated:	1994/06/15

language:	mc6809
package:	usim
version:	0.90
parts:		simulator, documentation
author:		Ray P. Bellis <>
		Alt.sources archive at FTP site: in usenet/alt.sources/articles
		   files 10405.Z 10406.Z and 10407.Z
description:	a mc6809 simulator
updated:	1994/05/30

language:	mc6809
package:	6809, E-Forth
version:	?
parts:		assembler, simulator
author:		Lennart Benschop <>
location:	alt.sources, 1993/11/03 <2b8i2r$>
description:	An assembler and simulator for the Motorola M6809 processor.
		Also included is a Forth interpreter, E-Forth written
		in 6809.
ports:		assembler: Unix, DOS; simulator: Unix
updated:	1993/11/03

language:	68HC11
package:	68HC11 simulator
version:	? 1
parts:		simulator
author:		Ted Dunning <>
description:	An opcode simulator for the 68HC11 processor.  Interrupts,
		hardware I/O, and half carries are still outside the loop.
		[Adding interrupts may require simulating at the clock phase
		level -Mark]
ports:		unix?, ms-dos
updated:	1993/07/28

language:	8051
package:	CAS 8051 Assembler
version:	1.2
parts:		assembler/linker, disassembler, documentation, examples
author:		Mark Hopkins <>
description:	experimental one-pass assembler for the 8051 with C-like
		syntax.	 Most features of a modern assembler included except
		macros (soon to be added).  Other software tools and
		applications contained in /pub/compilers/8051/*.
requires:	ANSI-C compiler
ports:		MSDOS, Ultrix, Sun4 (contact author)
updated:	1993/07/22

language:	8051
package:	as31 - An 8031/8051 assembler.
version:	? 1
parts:		assembler, parser(yacc), documentation
author:		Ken Stauffer <>
		(Theo Deraadt wrote the S-record output routines)
location:	comp.sources.misc volume 10
description:	Assembler with ability to produce a variety of object output
		formats, including S-records.
ports:		SUN 3 / SUN 4 (SunOS 4.0), Tandy 6000 (Xenix)
portability:	File I/O may require porting on non-Unixs.
updated:	1990/01/26

language:	MIL-STD-1750 assembly
package:	as1750
version:	0.8
parts:		assembler and linker (monolithic)
author:		Oliver M. Kellogg <>
description:	Simple assembler for the MIL-STD-1750 (A and B) instruction
		set. This is the assembler used by gcc-1750a.
		Assembly and linkage are not separate passes: load modules
		are generated directly from sources, without object files.
features:	+ produces Tektronix Extended Hex or TLD LDM load modules
		+ parameterized macros (MACRO/ENDMACRO)
		+ macro variables (SET)
		+ macro expressions with operators as in the C language
		+ conditional assembly (IF/ELSIF/ELSE/ENDIF)
		+ repeated assembly (WHILE/ENDWHILE)
		+ small and fast
		- no linker control directive file, the only means of
		  linkage control is via ORG statements
restriction:	GNU General Public License
requires:	32-bit ANSI C compiler (gcc is just fine)
ports:		Unix, VMS, DOS
status:		actively developed
announcements:	The Cross-GCC List <>
updated:	1995/06/24

language:	Motorola DSP56000
package:	?
version:	1.1
parts:		assembler
author:		Quinn Jensen <>
location:	alt.sources archive or ?
description:	?
updated:	?

language:	Motorola DSP56001
package:	a56
version:	1.2
parts:		assembler
author:		Quinn Jensen <>
description:	DSP56001 cross-assembler written in YACC.  Produces
		OMF or S-record format output suitable for serial download
		or EPROM.  Package includes sample 56001 code fragments
		that implement musical DSP effects like reverberation,
		chorus, and flange.
ports:		Unix, DOS
announcements:	comp.dsp,
updated:	1994/09/07

language:	DSP32C
package:	a32src
version:	?
parts:		assembler
author:		Tom Roberts <>
location:	comp.sources.misc volume 44
description:	This is an assembler for the AT&T DSP32C Digital Signal
		Processor chip. This is source for the assembler and for an
		enhanced C pre-processor; a DSP test program is included.
portability:	probably high
ports:		MS-DOS
updated:	1994/09/23

language:	80486
package:	WDASM17B.ZIP - Windows 80486 Disassembler for Windows 3.1
version:	1.7b
parts:		disassembler
author:		Eric Grass <S876795@UMSLVMA.UMSL.EDU>
location:	SIMTEL20, pd1:<msdos.windows3>
description:	An interactive 80486 disassembler for Windows 3.1.  Multiple
		options for formatting disassembly exist.
ports:		Windows3.1
portability:	Windows-specific
updated:	1993/06/29

language:	Assember (SPARC)
package:	elfdis
version:	2.3
parts:		disassembler
author:		Bruce Ediger <>
location:	comp.sources.misc archives volume 42, issue 83
description:	An object code disassembler for SPARC which, unlike the native
		SPARC disassembler, uses the relocation and dynamic linking
		information in the Elf file.
updated:	1994/05/08

language:	68000 assembler
package:	m68kdis
version:	??
parts:		documentation, disassembler
author:		Christopher Phillips <>
location:	comp.sources.misc volume 45
description:	A disassembler for the M68000 family of microprocessors.
		Some extra functionality for Macintosh resource forks is provided.
updated:	1994/11/08

language:	PDP-11 macro assembly
package:	PDPXASM.EXE
version:	2.20
parts:		assembler, linker, disassembler, serial line loader,
		library routines
author:		Jim Cook <>
description:	A cross assembler that runs on the IBM PC/AT family. Assembles
		PDP-11 into core image files. Developed for use in
		testing an add-in PDP-11 clone board.
reference:	Brief help files/screens for each program.
features:	1. Macro and .IRP support
bugs:		Contact
restriction:	May not be sold for profit. Must be distributed in toto.
requires:	2mb on a MS-DOS compatible machine.
updated:	1995/06/02

macro preprocessors
category:	macro preprocessors
description:	These are tools that expand macros for another language.
iref:		(C) GNU CC
iref:		(C) lcc

language:	C preprocessor
package:	Decus cpp
version:	?
parts:		pre-processor
author:		Martin Minow
location:	included in the X11R5 distribution as contrib/util/cpp
description:	An almost-ANSI C preprocessor.	It is shipped with X11R5
		because some systems don't have a working cpp.
ports:		VMS (Vax C, Decus C), RSX-11M, RSTS/E, P/OS, and RT11,
		A/UX, Apollo Domain/IX 9.6, etc.
portability:	very high
updated:	?

language:	C-Refine,C++-Refine&comma *-Refine
package:	crefine
version:	3.0
parts:		pre-processor, documentation
author:		Lutz Prechelt <>
location:	aquire from any comp.sources.reviewed archive
description:	C-Refine is a preprocessor for C and languages that
		vaguely resemble C's syntax.  It allows symbolic naming
		of code fragments so as to redistribute complexity and
		provide running commentary.
ports:		unix, msdos, atari, amiga.
portability:	high
updated:	1992/07/16

language:	gema
package:	gema
version:	1.1
parts:		macro processor, documentation, examples.
author:		David N. Gray  <>
location:	FTP://
		 MS-DOS executable in file
		To just view doc:
description:	A general-purpose macro processor that uses pattern
		matching and replacement.  It can be used as a
		pre-processor or to translate one language to another, or
		to extract selected information from files.
features:	+ Does not impose any particular syntax for macro calls.
		+ No built-in assumptions about input language syntax.
		+ Can recognize patterns spanning multiple lines.
		+ Handles recursive patterns, such as matching pairs of
		  nested parentheses.
		+ Different sets of rules can be used in different contexts.
		+ Easy to ignore redundant white space.
requires:	ANSI C compiler
ports:		Unix, MS-DOS, Windows/NT
updated:	1995/05/23

language:	m4
package:	pd/bsd m4
version:	?
parts:		interpreter, man page
author:		Ozan Yigit <>,
		Richard A. O'Keefe <>
location:	ftp from any 386BSD, NetBSD, or FreeBSD archive
description:	A macro preprocessor, more flexible than cpp
conformance:	?
updated:	1993/11/03

language:	m4
package:	GNU m4
version:	1.4
parts:		interperter
author:		Francois Pinard <>
location:	ftp m4-1.4.tar.gz from a GNU archive site
description:	A macro preprocessor, more flexible than cpp.
		It copies its input to the output, expanding macros.  Macros
		are either built-in or user-defined.  `m4' has built-in
		functions for including files, running Unix commands, doing
		integer arithmetic, manipulating text in various ways,
		recursing, etc.	 `m4' can be used either as a front-end to a
		compiler or as a macro processor in its own right.
conformance:	Mostly SVR4 compatible with a few extensions.
restriction:	GNU General Public License
updated:	1994/11/06

special purpose languages
category:	special purpose languages
description:	Languages with very specific purposes that are the only free
		language in that niche (otherwise they would have a category)

language:	ADL (Adventure Definition Language)
package:	ADL
version:	?
parts:		interpreter
author:		Ross Cunniff <>, Tim Brengle
location: archive volume 2
description:	An adventure language, semi-object-oriented with LISP-like
		syntax.	 A superset of DDL.
updated:	?

language:	ASA
package:	Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA)
version:	9.4
parts:		?
author:		Lester Ingber <>
description:	? Language interface to neural net simulator?
updated:	1995/09/03

language:	ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One)
package:	snacc (Sample Neufeld ASN.1 to C/C++ Compiler)
version:	1.1
parts:		compiler, runtime BER libraries, utility progs
author:		Mike Sample <>
description:	ASN.1 is a language used to describe data structures in a
		machine and implementation lang independent way.  Basic
		Encoding Rules (BER) provide a universal (contiguous)
		representation of data values. ASN.1 & BER were designed to
		exchange data (with complex structure) over networks.  OSI
		Application protocols such as X.400 MHS (email) and X.500
		directory and others protocols such as SNMP use ASN.1 to
		describe the PDUs they exchange.  Snacc compiles 1990 ASN.1
		(including some macros) data structures into C, C++ or type
		tables. The generated C/C++ includes a .h file with the
		equivalent data struct and a .c/.C file for the BER encode and
		decode, print and free routines.
conformance:	ITU T X.680/ISO 8824 (1994)
		CCITT X.208 (1988), aka CCITT X.409 (1984)
reference:	Michael Sample and Gerald Neufeld, "Implementing Efficient
		Encoders and Decoders for Network Data Representations",
		IEEE INFOCOM '93 Proceedings, Vol 3, pp 1143-1153, Mar 1993
		Michael Sample, "How Fast Can ASN.1 Encoding Rules Go?",
		M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Apr 1993
restriction:	Compiles under GNU Public License. No restriction on libs
		and C/C++/tables generated by snacc.
requires:	yacc (or bison), lex (or flex) and cc (ANSI or non-ANSI)
contact:	mailing list: <>
		mailing list join/quit requests: <>
		Barry Brachman <>
updated:	1993/07/12

language:	CLIPS
package:	CLIPS
version:	6.02
parts:		interpreter
author:		Gary Riley and Brian Donnell
description:	CLIPS is an expert system tool which provides a complete
		environment for the construction of rule and/or
		object based expert systems (computer programs which emulate
		human expertise). CLIPS provides a cohesive tool for handling
		a wide variety of knowledge with support for three different
		programming paradigms: rule-based, object-oriented and
bugs:		A list of bug fixes for CLIPS 6.0 and the replacement source
		files to fix the bugs are available by anonymous ftp from in the directory /pub/clips/Bug-Fixes.
ports:		Mac, Win 3.1, DOS, Sun Sparc (X Windows), others.
portability:	Highly portable.
requires:	ANSI C Compiler
status:		active, supported
discussion:	Mailing list - send a single line message to saying SUBSCRIBE CLIPS-LIST
		Usenet -
support:	Software Technology Branch (STB) Help Desk
		voice - (713)286-8919 from 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM (CST).
		email - <>
		FAX - (713) 244-5698.
updated:	5/5/94

language:	Duel (a &ltpractical&gt C debugging language)
package:	DUEL
version:	1.10
parts:		interpreter, stand-alone module, documentation, test suites
author:		Michael Golan <>
description:	DUEL acts as front end to gdb.	It implements a language
		designed for debbuging C programs.  It mainly features
		efficient ways to select and display data items.  It is
		normally linked into the gdb executable, but could stand
		alone.	It interprets a subset of C in addition to its
		own language.
requires:	gdb
status:		author is pushing the system hard.
updated:	1993/03/20

language:	GSM suite
package:	GSM
version:	1.0
parts:		editor program, gsmedit,
		a compiler, gsm2cc, that produces a C++ implementation of
		a state machine, a PostScript generator, gsm2ps, and two
		other minor programs.
author: (Andrew Mangogna)
description:	GSM Suite is a set of programs to facilitate use of
		finite state machines in programming.  Included is a Motif based
		graphical editor, a program to convert the state machine to
		C++ code, and a PostScript generator for printing and viewing.
updated:	1997/07/20

language:	IDL (Project DOE's Interface Definition Language)
package:	SunSoft OMG IDL CFE
version:	1.2
parts:		compiler front end, documentation
author:		SunSoft Inc.
description:	OMG's (Object Management Group) CORBA 1.1 (Common
		Object Request Broker Architecture) specification
		provides the standard interface definition between
		OMG-compliant objects.	IDL (Interface Definition
		Language) is the base mechanism for object
		interaction.  The SunSoft OMG IDL CFE (Compiler Front
		End) provides a complete framework for building CORBA
		1.1-compliant preprocessors for OMG IDL.  To use
		SunSoft OMG IDL CFE, you must write a back-end; full
		instructions are included.  A complete compiler of IDL would
		translate IDL into client side and server side routines for
		remote communication in the same manner as the currrent Sun
		RPCL compiler. The additional degree of freedom that the IDL
		compiler front end provides is that it allows integration of
		new back ends which can translate IDL to various programming
		languages.  Several companies including Sunsoft are building
		back ends to the CFE which translate IDL into target languages,
		e.g. Pascal or C++, in the context of planned CORBA-compliant
requires:	C++ 2.1 conformant C++ compiler
updated:	1993/05/04

language:	NeuDL
package:	NeuDL - Neural-Network Description Language
version:	0.2
parts:		NeuDL interpreter, translator (NewDL->C++), user manual,
		NeuDL paper, examples
author:		Joey Rogers <>
description:	A prototype of a neural network description language with a
		C++ - like syntax currently limited to backpropagation neural
		nets.  There is enough flexibility in the language, though, to
		allow users to create dynamic neural net configurations.  The
		source is written in C++.
updated:	1994/05/23

language:	NeuronC
package:	nc
version:	?
parts:		?
author:		Robert G. Smith <>
description:	Neuronc ("nc") is a general-purpose programming language with
		a C-like syntax with special features for simulating large
		neural circuits using compartments.  The source is written in
		C++, but facilities are included for converting the software
		to ANSI-C.
reference:	Smith, R.G.  (1992) NeuronC: a computational language for
		investigating functional architecture of neural circuits.
		J. Neurosci. Meth.  43: 83-108.
ports:		Unix: SGI, Sun, IBM AIX, and Linux.
updated:	1994/05/24

language:	NewsClip ?
package:	NewsClip
version:	1.01
parts:		translator(NewsClip->C), examples, documentation
author:		Looking Glass Software Limited but distributed by
		ClariNet Communications Corp.
location:	?
description:	NewsClip is a very high level language designed for
		writing netnews filters.  It translates into C.
		It includes support for various newsreaders.
restriction:	Cannot sell the output of the filters.	Donation is hinted at.
status:		supported for ClariNet customers only
updated:	1992/10/25

language:	PROGRES
package:	PROGRES
version:	RWTH 5.10
parts:		environment, interpreter, database, ?
author:		Dr. Andy Schuerr <>,
		Albert Zuendorf <>
location:	send mail to authors
description:	PROGRES is an integrated environment for a very high level
		programming language which has a formally defined semantics
		based on "PROgrammed Graph Rewriting Systems". This language
		supports the following programming paradigms/purposes:	1)
		Structurally object-oriented specification of attributed graph
		structures with multiple inheritance hierarchies and types of
		types (for parametric polymorphy).  2) Declarative/relational
		specification of derived attributes, node sets, binary
		relationships (directed edges), and Boolean constraints.  3)
		Rule-oriented/visual specification of parameterized graph
		rewrite rules with complex application conditions.  4)
		Nondeterministic & imperative programming of composite graph
		transformations (with built-in backtracking and cancelling
		arbitrary sequences of failing graph modifications).
		Therefore, PROGRES may be used as 1) a very high level
		programming language for implementing abstract data types with
		a graph-like internal structure, 2) a visual database
		programming language for the graph-oriented database system
		GRAS (which is available as free software under the GNU license
		conditions), 3) a rule-oriented language for rapid prototyping
		nondeterministically specified data/rule base transformations.
		Furthermore, PROGRES is an almost statically typed language
		which additionally offers "down casting" operators for runtime
		checked type casting/conversion (in order to avoid severe
		restrictions concerning the language's expressiveness).
		PROGRES is meant to be used with GRAS, which is also available
updated:	1993/11/02

language:	Tiny
package:	Omega test, Extended Tiny
version:	3.2.2
parts:		translator(fortran->tiny), tiny interpreter?, analysis tools
author:		William Pugh <> and others
description:	The Omega test is implemented in an extended version of
		Michael Wolfe's tiny tool, a research/educational tool
		for examining array data dependence algorithms and
		program transformations for scientific computations.
		The extended version of tiny can be used as a
		educational or research tool.  The Omega test: A system
		for performing symbolic manipulations of conjunctions
		of linear constraints over integer variables.  The
		Omega test dependence analyzer: A system built on top
		of the Omega test to analyze array data dependences.
updated:	1992/11/13

language:	Extended Tiny
package:	Extended Tiny
version:	3.0 (Dec 12th, 1992)
parts:		programming environment, dependence tester, tests
		translator(Fortran->tiny), documentation, tech. reports
author:		original author: Michael Wolfe <>,
		extended by William Pugh et al. <>
description:	A research/educational tool for experimenting with
		array data dependence tests and reordering transformations.
		It works with a language tiny, which does not have procedures,
		goto's, pointers, or other features that complicate dependence
		testing. The original version of tiny was written by Michael
		Wolfe, and has been extended substantially by a research group
		at the University of Maryland. Michael Wolfe has made further
		extensions to his version of tiny.
ports:		Any unix system (xterm helpful but not required)
contact:	Omega test research group <>
updated:	1993/01/23

language:	PLAN
package:	PLAN
version:	1.0
parts:		?
author:		Carl A. Gunter
		Mike Hicks
		Pankaj Kakkar
		Jonathan Moore
		Scott Nettles
		Sam Weber
description:	(Programming Language for Active Networks).  PLAN is a
		small functional scripting language that is intended to be
		carried in communication packets and evaluated on routers
		in an active network.  Its primary goal is to support 1.
		finding, installing, and invoking services, and 2. diagnostics
		for routers and the network with authentication only on
		services that require it.  PLAN programs are guaranteed to
		terminate and have predictable behavior over a limited safe
		interface.  PLAN programs with this limited interface can
		therefore be interpreted by all active routers to all active
		packets.  PLAN programs may also access libraries of other
		services that may not be provided to all packets, based on
		authorization.	PLAN 1.0 is our first experimental prototype
		release, implementing some of the basic functionality
		expected of PLAN.
updated:	1997/07/27

language:	SQL
package:	_lex & yacc_ by Levine, Mason & Brown published by O'Reilly
version:	?
parts:		book, grammar
author:		Levine, Mason & Brown
location:	buy the book, or
description:	In _lex & yacc_, by Levine, Mason & Brown an SQL parser
		is included as an example grammar
updated:	?

language:	SQL
package:	MultiCal System
version:	?
parts:		?
author:		Richard Snodgrass?
description:	[Anyone care to write a description? - ed]
restriction:	public domain, freely available
updated:	?

language:	SQL
package:	mSQL2 (Mini SQL)
parts:		interpreter, documentation, import and dumping tools, admin tool
author:		David J. Hughes <>
description:	Subset of ANSI SQL implemented with client-server support
		over TCP/IP.  Mini SQL is a light weight relational database
		management system capable of providing rapid access to your data
		with very little overhead.
updated:	1999/05/26

language:	SQL
package:	MySQL
version:	3.23
parts:		Interpreter (with command line editing), import and dump tools,
		mysqld (server daemon).	 APIs for C, C++, Eiffel, Java, Perl, PHP
		Python and TCL.	 ODBC (Open-DataBase-Connectivity) for Windows95
		(with source).
author:		Michael (Monty) Widenius <>
description:	MySQL is a client/server implementation that consists of a
		server daemon (mysqld) and many different client programs and
		libraries. MySQL is a true multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database
		server.	 A very fast thread-based memory allocation system. 
		No memory leaks. Tested with a commercial memory leakage detector
		(purify).  Includes isamchk, a very fast utility for table checking,
		optimization and repair.
		Full support for the ISO-8859-1 Latin1 character set. For example,
		the Scandinavian characters @ringaccent{a}, @"a and @"o are allowed
		in table and column names. 
		All data are saved in ISO-8859-1 Latin1 format. All comparisons for
		normal string columns are case insensitive. 
		Sorting is done according to the ISO-8859-1 Latin1 character set
		(the Swedish way at the moment). It is possible to change this in the
		source by adding new sort order arrays. To see an example of very
		advanced sorting, look at the Czech sorting code. MySQL supports many
		different character sets that can be specified at compile time. 
		Aliases on tables and columns as in the SQL92 standard. 
		DELETE, INSERT, REPLACE, and UPDATE return how many rows were changed
		Function names do not clash with table or column names. For example,
		ABS is a valid column name. The only restriction is that for a function
		call, no spaces are allowed between the function name and the `(' that
		follows it.
		Clients connect to the MySQL server using TCP/IP connections or Unix
		sockets, or named pipes under NT. 
		The EXPLAIN command can be used to determine how the optimizer resolves
		a query. 
		The January 1999 issue of Linux Journal reported that the
		1998 Readers Choice Award chose MySQL as the 'Most Used Database
		over the Internet'.
updated:	1999/07/05

language:	SQL
package:	Beagle SQL
author:		Rob Klein
description:	Beagle SQL is a free client server database management system
		for Unix operating systems.  It is very new and development
		is still in progress.  The following subset of SQL is
		currently supported (full ANSI compliance being the ultimite
		DROP TABLE, DROP INDEX. The SELECT statement supports complex
		expressions complete with implicit join operations as well
		as explicit btree index support.
		Supported operators include <>, <, >, contains, begins, and =.
		- Full source code available
		- Complex expression parser
		- Implicit joins
		- Variable length fields and records
		- Multi-Attribute B-Tree indexes
		- Subset of SQL
updated:	1997/10/01

natural languages
category:	natural languages
description:	These are tools that interact with human languages.

language:	natural languages
package:	Pleuk grammar development system
version:	1.0
parts:		shell, examples, documentation
author:		Jo Calder <>, Kevin Humphreys
		<>, Chris Brew <>,
		Mike Reape <>
description:	A shell for grammar development, handles various grammatical
requires:	SICStus Prolog version 2.1#6 or later, and other programs
		readily available from the public domain.
updated:	1993/06/18

language:	natural languages
package:	proof
version:	?
parts:		parser, documentation
author:		Craig R. Latta <latta@xcf.Berkeley.EDU>
description:	a left-associative natural language grammar scanner
ports:		Decstation3100 Sun-4
discussion: ("Subject: add me")
updated:	1991/09/23

category:	curiosities
description:	These are the languages and tools that I could not fit into one
		of the other categories.   I am quite willing to reclassify
		these if provided with a rational way to do so.

language:	a1 (Address 1 code)
package:	a1 code interpreter
version:	? 1
parts:		interpreter, examples
author:		Matthew Newhook <>
description:	An address 1 code interpreter used to test compiler output.
requires:	gcc 2.4.2 or higher
portability:	Ports to machine without memory segment protection unverified.
updated:	1993/06/02

language:	INTERCAL
package:	C-INTERCAL
version:	0.10
parts:		compiler(->C), library, documentation
author:		Eric S. Raymond <>
		(in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:	INTERCAL is possibly the most elaborate and long-lived joke
		in the history of programming languages.  It was first designed
		by Don Woods and Jim Lyons in 1972 as a deliberate attempt
		to produce a language as unlike any existing one as possible.
		The manual, describing features of horrifying uniqueness,
		became an underground classic.	ESR wrote C-INTERCAL in 1990
		as a break from editing _The_New_Hacker's_Dictionary_, adding
		to it the first implementation of COME FROM under its own name.
		The compiler has since been maintained and extended by an
		international community of technomasochists.  The distribution
		includes extensive documentation and a program library.
		C-INTERCAL is actually an INTERCAL-to-C source translator which
		then calls the local C compiler to generate a binary.  The code
		is thus quite portable.
contact:	Steve Swales <>
updated:	1993/05/20

language:	MIX
package:	mix
version:	1.05
parts:		interpreter, examples.
author:		Darius Bacon <>
		(in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:	An interpreter for the MIX pseudoassembler used for
		algorithm description in Volume I of Donald Knuth's
		"The Art Of Computer Programming".
status:		preliminary release of a program under active development
portability:	Any ANSI C host
updated:	1994/10/20

language:	Loglan'82
package:	Loglan82
version:	?
parts:		Cross-Compiler (->C)
author:		?
description:	The academic community has a need for one language which
		enables to teach all elements of object programming: classes &
		objects, coroutines, processes (in Loglan'82 processes are
		objects which are able to act in parallel), inheritance,
		exception handling, dynamic arrays etc.
		Loglan'82 offers the complete sets of programming tools used in
		object and modular and structural programming. It is suggested
		to use it duringthe first two years of teaching and afterwards
		Loglan'82 supports other styles of programming e.g. programming
		by rules, functional programming etc.
restriction:	GNU General Public License
requires:	?
announcements:	send "SUBSCRIBE loglan82 <your_first_name> <your_name>"
updated:	1994/2/15

language:	TRAC
package:	trac
version:	1.1
parts:		interpreter, documentation, examples.
author:		Jown Cowan <>
		(in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:	TRAC is an interactive language built around the idea that
		everything is a macro.	Analogous to APL, in that it is an
		elegant language with peculiar syntax that pushes one idea as
		far as it can go.
bugs:		report to Jown Cowan <>
portability:	Written in Perl. Almost universal...
updated:	1994/10/16

language:	OISC
package:	oisc
version:	we don't need no steenking versions
parts:		interpreter, documentation, examples.
author:		Ross Cunniff <>
		(in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:	You've heard of RISC, Reduced Instruction Set Computers?
		Well, here is the concept taken to its logical extreme -- an
		emulator for a	computer with just one (1) instruction!
		Illustrative programs in the OISC machine language are

language:	orthogonal
package:	orthogonal
version:	?
parts:		interpreter, documentation, examples.
author:		Jeff Epler <>
		(in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:	A mini-language composed in September 1994 as a response to a
		speculative thread on the USENET group alt.lang.intercal,
		designed to explore the possibility of truly two-dimensional
		control structures.  Vaguely FORTH-like, except that control
		flow can move forward, backward, or sideways (or even
updated:	1994/09/24

language:	Common Lisp
package:	Garnet
version:	2.2
parts:		user interface builder
author:		The Garnet project
description:	Garnet is a user interface development environment for Common
		Lisp and X11.  It helps you create graphical, interactive
		user interfaces for your software.  Garnet is a large scale
		system containing many features and parts including a custom
		object-oriented programming system which uses a
		prototype-instance model.  It includes postscript support,
		gester recognition, and Motif emulation.
updated:	October 15, 1993

language:	FMPL of Accardi
package:	FMPL interpreter
version:	1
parts:		interpreter, documentation
author:		Jon Blow <>
description:	FMPL is an experimental prototype-based object-oriented
		programming language developed at the Experimental Computing
		Facility of the University of California, Berkeley.
		+ lambda-calculus based constructs.
		+ event-driven (mainly I/O events)
updated:	1992/06/02

language:	Garnet
package:	Multi-Garnet
version:	2.1
parts:		?
author:		Michael Sannella <>
description:	better contstraint system for Garnet ??
updated:	1992/09/21

language:	EXPRESS (ISO 10303, Part 11)
package:	NIST EXPRESS Toolkit
parts:		scanner (lex or flex), parser (yacc or bison), library
author:		Don Libes <>
description:	Compiler front-end for EXPRESS language.  Several backends are
		available in the same location.
conformance:	CADDETC certified.
reference:	numerous documents on*.ps.Z
		EXPRESS Language Reference Manual
features:	Can be tried without installing by emailing EXPRESS schemas to
restriction:	none, is public-domain
requires:	lex or flex, yacc or bison, C compiler
ports:		any UNIX or UNIX-like system
portability:	DOS port available from:
status:		Settling down now that it has been certified.  A new version
		is in development for EXPRESS 2
discussion: (EXPRESS Users Mailing List)
support: (not officially supported)
contributions:	no contributions, however a letter to your US congressional
		representative describing what a great (or lousy) job NIST is
		doing is helpful to maintaining (or destroying) our funding.
announcements:	EXPRESS Users Mailing List
updated:	1994/11/25


name:		The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits
version:	3.0
author:		Larry W. Virden <>
location:	posted to comp.sys.apple2, comp.lang.misc;
description:	A survey of language tools available for the Apple ][.
updated:	1994/08/26

name:		Catalog of embeddable Languages.
version:	2
author:		Colas Nahaboo <>
location:	posted to comp.lang.misc,comp.lang.tcl;
description:	Descriptions of languages from the point of view of
		embedding them.
updated:	1992/07/09

name:		Compilers bibliography
version:	1.5
author:		Charlie A. Lins
description:	It includes all the POPLs, PLDIs, Compiler Construction,
		TOPLAS, and LOPAS.  Plus various articles and papers from
		other sources on compilers and related topics.
updated:	1992/10/31

name:		haskell-status
version:	?
author:		Simon Peyton Jones <>
location:	posted occasionally to ???
description:	A report, detailing the current features and status of
		all the implementations of Haskell.
updated:	?

name:		Language List
version:	2.1
author:		Bill Kinnersley <>
location:	posted regularly to comp.lang.misc;*
description:	Descriptions of almost every computer language there is.
		Many references to available source code.
updated:	1993/09/11

name:		Numerical Analysis Using Non-Procedural Paradigms
version:	published thesis
author:		Steve Sullivan <>
		or send email to the author.
description:	A thesis, that among other things, compares
		and benchmarks:	 C++, Modula-3, Standard ML, Haskell,
		Sather, Common Lisp, Fortran 77, and Fortran 90.
updated:	1995

name:		SoftFloat
version:	2
author:		John R. Hauser
location:	http://HTTP.CS.Berkeley.EDUn/~jhauser/arithmetic
description:	SoftFloat is a high-quality software implementation of
		floating-point conforming to the IEC/IEEE Standard for
		Floating-point Arithmetic.
		Release 2 now has single, double, extended double (80-bit), and
		quadruple (128-bit) precisions, all written in standard C.
		There's also a program called TestFloat for testing a
		computer's IEEE floating-point.	 See the Web page for details.
updated:	1997/07/10

name:		The Lisp FAQs
version:	1.30
author:		Mark Kantrowitz <>
location:	posted regularly to comp.lang.lisp,news.answers,comp.answers
description:	Details of many lisps and systems written in lisps
		including many languages not covered elsewhere.
updated:	1993/02/08

name:		Survey of Interpreted Languages
version:	?
author:		Terrence Monroe Brannon <tb06@CS1.CC.Lehigh.ED>
location:	Posted to comp.lang.tcl,comp.lang.misc,comp.lang.perl,,news.answers; or*/pack*/Hy*Act*F*/
description:	Detailed comparision of a few interpreters: Emacs Lisp,
		Perl, Python, and Tcl.
updated:	?


language:	Ada
package:	AdaX
description:	an archive of X libraries for Ada.  Includes Motif
		[note, I chose this server out of many somewhat randomly.
		Use archie to find others --ed]
contact:	?

language:	APL, J
package:	APL, J, and other APL Software at Waterloo
contact:	Leroy J. (Lee) Dickey <>

language:	Assembler (Motorola)
package:	?
description:	An archive of development software and tools for the
		Motorola microcontroller series.  Includes assemblers,
		a C compiler (6809), and applications.	Comes mainly
		from the Austin Texas Motorola BBS.

language:	Assembler (Various)
package:	The Beowulf archive?
location: : /misc/ns32k/beowulf
description:	An archive of assemblers for various 8-bit microcontrollers

language:	Assembler, Forth (8051)
package:	The Siemens 8051 archive
description:	An archive for development software and tools for the 8051

language:	Assembler (8051)
package:	The CAS archive.
description:	Another archive for development software and tools for the 8051
		microcontroller.  May be converted into a general
		microprocessor archive in the future.

language:	Assembler
package:	asl
version:	1.41r6
description:	A cross assembler for a variety of micro-controllers/processors
		ported from the same author's Borland version to Linux
author: (Alfred Arnold)
restrictions:	GPL
updated:	1997/02/24

language:	C, C++, Objective-C, yacc, lex, postscript,
		sh, awk, smalltalk, sed
package:	the GNU archive sites
location:	NOTE:	Many gnu files are now compressed with gzip.  You can
		tell a gzip'ed file because it has a lower-case .z or
		.gz rather than the capital .Z that compress uses.
		Gzip is available from these same archives
    Europe:**/ [re-org'ed]**** [re-org'ed]* [re-org'ed]
description:	There are many sites which mirror the master gnu archives
		which live on	Please do not use
		the master archive without good reason.
restriction:	Most GNU programs are CopyLeft'ed.  That means that they
		are distributed under the terms of the GNU General
		Public License or GNU Library General Public License.
		The CopyLeft is only a concern if you want to use
		actual GNU code in your program.  Using Gcc or any of
		the other tools is completely safe from a copyright
		point-of-view with the sole exception of bison which
		includes GNU code in its output.  If you use a GNU
		library, you must supply an unlinked version of your

language:	C, C++
package:	LEARN C/C++ TODAY
location: or
descripton:	The LEARN C/C++ TODAY list is a list of a few C and C++
		language tutorials available to a user.	 This list includes
		interactive tutorials, public-domain code collections, books
contact:	Vinit S. Carpenter <>

language:	Forth
package:	?
description:	Forth implementations and programs
contact:	Paulo A. D. Ferreira <?>

language:	Haskell
package:	?
description:	An archive of Haskell and Gofer programs

		TRAC, orthogonal, Little Smalltalk
package:	The Museum of Retrocomputing.
description:	The Museum of Retrocomputing.  This archive collects
		implementations of languages that time forgot -- also,
		the jokes, freaks, and monstrosities from the history
		of language design.

language:	lisp
package:	MIT AI Lab archives
description:	archive of lisp extensions, utilities, and libraries
contact:	?

language:	lisp
package:	Lisp Utilities collection
description:	???

language:	Scheme
package:	The Scheme Repository
description:	an archive of scheme material including a bibliography,
		the R4RS report, sample code, utilities, and implementations.
contact:	Ozan S. Yigit <>

language:	Smalltalk
package:	Manchester Smalltalk Goodies Library
description:	a large collection of libraries for smalltalk.
		Created by Alan Wills, administered by Mario Wolczko.

language:	Tcl
package:	Tcl/Tk Contrib Archive
description:	An archive of Tcl/tk things.
contact:	Barbara Pearce <>

language:	TeX
package:	CTAN (Comprehensive TeX Archive Network
location: ??
    Europe: ?
description:	A large archive site of most all things TeX-related, including
		literate programming tools such as WEB and derivatives.

These are additional categories.  When an implementation is in a category
rather than a language, the language is indicated in (parenthesis).

category:	command shells
description:	These are the languages that treat bare words as programs
		to execute.
lref:		csh
lref:		ERGO-Shell
lref:		es
lref:		Korn Shell
lref:		Q
lref:		rc
lref:		ssh
lref:		Z-shell

category:	compiler frontend/backend glue
description:	These are the languages used to glue semantic analysers to
		code generators.
lref:		C	-- C is often used as an intermediate step
lref:		RTL
lref:		SUIF
iref:		(lcc intermediate format) lcc

category:	database
description:	These are the languages that are either specifically designed
		for database access or have an interface to persistent
		data that is much more than embedded SQL.
lref:		PFL
lref:		PROGRES
iref:		(CooL) CooL-SPE
iref:		(E) GNU E
iref:		(Prolog) Aditi
iref:		(Prolog) CORAL

category:	programming in the large
description:	These are systems designed for large-scale programming
		[I just added this category, so please add to it --ed]
lref:		C
lref:		C++
lref:		CooL

category:	distributed
description:	These are languages that include constructs that specifically
		support distributed programming.
lref:		Hermes
lref:		Glish
iref:		(Tcl) Tcl-DP

category:	dynamic foreign functions
description:	These tools can dynamically load C code at run-time.
lref:		Common Lisp
lref:		Python
lref:		Perl
iref:		(Scheme) Elk

category:	editor construction
description:	These are languages that are embedded in editors
lref:		IVY
lref:		S-Lang
lref:		elisp

category:	educational
description:	These are languages that are either designed for teaching,
		or are often used that way.
lref:		ABC
lref:		C
lref:		Logo
lref:		MIX
lref:		O'small
lref:		Pascal
lref:		PILOT
lref:		Scheme

category:	embeddable
description:	These tools can be used as scripting languages for programs
		written in C.  They are all interpreted.
lref:		IVY
lref:		Perl
lref:		Python
lref:		S-Lang
lref:		Tcl
iref:		(C) ae
iref:		(Scheme) Elk
iref:		(Scheme) siod

category:	glue
description:	These are languages that are designed to tie other programs
		and libraries together.
cref:		dynamic foreign functions
cref:		command shells
lref:		Glish
lref:		REXX

category:	graphic user interface support
description:	These are the languages that have support for writing
		gui programs.
cref:		C variants
lref:		Common Lisp
lref:		LIFE
lref:		Python
lref:		Perl
iref:		(Caml) Caml Light
iref:		(CooL) CooL-SPE
iref:		(Prolog) PI
iref:		(Prolog) XWIP
iref:		(Scheme) Elk
iref:		(Scheme) ezd
iref:		(Scheme) STk
iref:		(Tcl) Tk
iref:		(Tcl) Wafe

category:	interactive
description:	These are the languages that are meant to be used
		interactively.	[I'm sure there are more.  Tell me! --ed]
lref:		Caml
lref:		Common Lisp
lref:		Q
lref:		TRAC
iref:		(C) ae

category:	reflective
description:	from Rainer Joswig ( :
		To make it short: Reflective Languages have access to their own
		implementation. One can ask about the state of the running
		system and/or change aspects of the language.
lref:		ABCL ???
lref:		ABCL/1
lref:		MeldC
lref:		CLOS with MOP (Meta Object Protocol)

category:	terminal graphics support
description:	These are languages that can access curses, or have an
cref:		C variants
lref:		ICI
lref:		Perl
lref:		Python
iref:		(Fortran) F-curses
iref:		(Common Lisp) CLISP
iref:		(Scheme) scm

category:	text manipulation
description:	These languages have very high-level features for
		manipulating text.
cref:		compiler generators and related tools
lref:		Icon
lref:		Lex
lref:		Perl
lref:		Snobol4

category:	unix tool building
description:	These are languages that are appropriate for building tools
		in a Unix environment.	To be included, direct access to
		most system features is required.
lref:		C
lref:		ICI
lref:		Perl
lref:		Python
lref:		Tcl
iref:		(Scheme) scsh

category:	window manager construction
description:	These are languages that are built into window managers
iref:		(Lisp) GWM
Send compilers articles to, meta-mail to  Archives at

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