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[misc.news.bosnia] Frequently Asked Questions


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Archive-name: bosnia-news-faq
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Last-modified: 1996/03/28
Version: 1.5
Organization: Alumni Association, Caltech, Pasadena, California
X-URL-MNB: http://alumni.caltech.edu/~mughal/mnb/mnb.html
X-URL-BOSNIA: http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~bosnia/bosnia.html

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
        Copyright 1993,1994,1995,1996  Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu) 

        Redistribution  for  profit,    or   in  altered  content/format
        prohibited without explicit  written  permission  of the author.
        Any other redistribution must  include this copyright notice and
        attribution. 


                   __________________________________________
        

        This message is automatically posted to 'misc.news.bosnia' every
        month and when updated.  This  lists  answers  to  most commonly
        asked questions  on  the  forum.  Contributions  &  changes  are
        requested and should be directed to: mughal@caltech.edu 




				    Contents				    

				 --Articles--
 1. Bosnia .................................................................... 
 2. Charter (Original Text) ................................................... 
*3. List of Relief Agencies ................................................... 
 4. Bosnia News on Internet ................................................... 
 5. FTP Sites for Bosnia Info ................................................. 
 6. World Wide Web (WWW) Home Page on Bosnia ..................................
 7. Need for this Newsgroup ................................................... 
 8. Detailed info on Relief Agencies ..........................................
 9. UN Resolution 947 .........................................................
				--Announcements--
 9. Moderation Policy ......................................................... 
10. Moderators List & Guidelines .............................................. 
11. Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994 .......................................... 
12. Administrativa 002: Oct 27, 1994 ..........................................
13. Administrativa 003: Feb 17, 1995 .......................................... 
14. Where & How to send your submissions ...................................... 
15. How to reach Moderators & Facilitators .................................... 
16. E-Mail Subscription to misc.news.bosnia ...................................
17. History of this newsgroup ................................................. 
18. This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits ................................. 

*New or updated in this revision of FAQ.


 Articles .....................................................................


 1. Bosnia .................................................................... 


    Probably  the  most  appropriate  person  to  talk  about  Bosnia is the
    President of Bosnia-Herzegovina. 


                **************************************

        Following is from speech of Mr. Alija Izetbegovic,President of
     Bosnia and Herzegovina, for the 49 session of General Assembly of
             the United Nations. 27th of September 1994.

                **************************************



    Mr. Secretary General, Distinguished delegates, 

    Allow me at the outset, to commend  His  Excellency Mr. Samuel Insanally
    for the able manner in which he  conducted  the work of the 48th Session
    of the General Assembly. I  would  also  like  to  congratulate H.E. Mr.
    Amara Essy for his election as  the  President  of  this 49th Session. I
    wish him all success in pursuing this very important task. 

    I would like to thank the  President  for  giving me this opportunity to
    speak on behalf of the  Republic  of  Bosnia  and  Herzegovina  at  this
    distinguished gathering. I thank you all for your attention. 

    Mr. President, I come from Bosnia  and  Herzegovina,  a far away country
    that has currently been the subject of many discussions. 

    Unfortunately, I have to begin my statement  by repeating facts that for
    the majority of you may be or should be well known. 

    At the time - some  three  years  ago,  when  Yugoslavia  underwent  its
    dissolution, we were doing  our  best  to  conduct  this separation in a
    peaceful fashion and without any violence.  For reasons already known to
    us all, our initiatives bore no fruits. 

    When  Slovenia  and  Croatia  had  seceded  ,  and  the  dissolution  of
    Yugoslavia had become inevitable, we  organized a referendum in order to
    decide, in a democratic manner, about  the fate of Bosnia. By two-thirds
    majority ( that  is,  exactly:  64,4%)  of  the  registered  voter body,
    citizens of Bosnia and  Herzegovina  opted  for  the independence of the
    country at  the  referendum  of  March   1,   1992.  The  international
    recognition  of  our  country   followed  soon  after,  and  so  did the
    aggression against it. The decision  of recognition was made on April 5,
    1992, and it was announced the following day, April 6, 1992. The Serbian
    and Montenegrin aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina began on April
    5, 1992, the same day when the decision on recognition was passed. 

    The aggression continues  to  this  day,  with  more  or, at times, less
    intensity, and without any prospects of it coming to an end soon. 

    War, that was forced upon Bosnia  and  Herzegovina  and its peoples, and
    has now entered its 31st  month,  belongs  to  the bloodiest wars in the
    history of mankind. In its  very  beginnings,  it  was not a war, but an
    attack of a well armed  and  equipped  army,  the  former Yugoslav Army,
    against defenseless citizens. 

    The results of this uneven  struggle  are as follows: 70% of our country
    fell under occupation in the first months  of the war, more than 200 000
    civilians have been  killed,  over  1,000  000  (  or one fourth) of our
    inhabitants have been expelled from  their homes, hundreds of cities and
    villages destroyed and burnt.  This  cannot  be  described  as a classic
    example of a warfare between two armies.  This has been a war of an army
    against 


    civilians, followed by  genocide  and,  until  this  time, unprecedented
    destruction  of  cultural  and  religious  objects.  The  world  has not
    responded in an appropriate manner to such barbarism. 

    Whether it was because of the brutality  of the attack, or being morally
    and psychologically unprepared, or  perhaps,  due to the entanglement in
    its contradictory interests, the world appeared confused and hesitant. 

    When the news and pictures of new  concentration  camps  in the heart of
    Europe came out, the public  was  astonished,  but  the responsible ones
    mostly kept silent. Tens of  thousands  of people have perished in these
    camps, and many thousands of them have disappeared, without any trace. 

    The more brutal an attack, the more  hesitant the world became. The free
    world neither defended, nor supported freedom. 

    Our people, facing the threat of extermination  and a clearly pronounced
    death sentence, decided to defend itself. 

    But then it encountered a new  absurdity.  It  had found its hands tied.
    Namely, before the war was  waged  against  Bosnia  and Herzegovina, The
    United Nations imposed an notorious resolution that banned any import of
    weapons in the territory of Former  Yugoslavia.  Everything changed, the
    war began, the aggressor and the  victim  emerged,  but the arms embargo
    has remained in place,  as  if  nothing  had  happened  in the meantime.
    Justice has turned into injustice,  because  the aggressor had weapons -
    which had been stock - piled over  40  years time - while the victim was
    unarmed and its hands were kept tied. 

    The resolution on the arms  embargo  became  its  own  contradiction. By
    maintaining the imbalance in weaponry,  it has prolonged the war, and it
    has  turned  peace  negotiations  into   diktats  by  the  better  armed
    aggressor. 

    We told the world: you do not have  to  come  to defend us, but do untie
    our hands and allow us, at least,  to  defend ourselves. While they kill
    our children, rape our women, and  destroy  all our relics, do recognize
    our right to self - defense. 

    However, the arms embargo  has  remained  in  place until present times.
    Practically, with only guns and rifles  in our hands, our defenders have
    stood against artillery  and  tanks.  We  have  lost  many  people. Data
    reports indicate that more than 90% of them have been killed by grenades
    and artillery shells. Our  cities  and  villages  have  been left at the
    mercy  of  this  powerful  military  technology  in  the  hands  of  the
    murderers. 

    In the capital of Sarajevo alone, more than 10 000 have been killed, and
    more than 50  000  wounded.  There   is  not  a  single  family  without
    casualties - killed or wounded. 

    To all this, the world has sent us only one message: negotiate. 

    Believing that the only right path  was  to  continue to defend our land
    and in this just struggle  to  be  supported  by  the  peace and freedom
    loving world, we refused to negotiate with war criminals for a very long
    time. 

    Finally, faced  with  the  unbearable  plight  of  our  people  and  the
    indifference of the  world,  and  without  any  choice,  we accepted the
    negotiations. 

    It turned out that the aggressor had only used negotiations as a bargain
    for time and a cover up for the continuation of the aggression. 

    In March, 1993, after long  and  painful  negotiations,  and with many a
    concession from our side, we signed the Vance / Owen Plan. The aggressor
    rejected it. 

    The next bloody round of war came  about,  followed  by another round of
    negotiations. 

    As a result was a Peace Plan  of  July  5,  1994,  by the Contact Group,
    consisting of the world's 5 most powerful  states, (USA, United Kingdom,
    France, Germany  and  Russian  Federation)  .  This  time again, we have
    chosen  peace  and  the  attackers    have,  once  again,  opted  for  a
    continuation of the war. 

    We have accepted the unjust  peace  offer  in  order  to halt the war in
    Bosnia and Herzegovina. We have done so hoping that the injustice of the
    peace plan could still be  corrected  in the years of peace. Knowing the
    soul of Bosnia, we believed and we still  believe that peace rescues and
    war destroys everything that we call Bosnia. 

    And what we call  Bosnia  is  not  only  a  small  peace  of land in the
    Balkans. For many of us, Bosnia and  Herzegovina is not just a homeland,
    it is an idea. It is a  belief  that  peoples  of  different  religions,
    nationalities and cultural traditions, can live together. If it happened
    that this dream was forever buried, and this idea of tolerance among the
    peoples in these areas was  irretrievably  gone, the guilt would lie not
    only with the ones who have been relentlessly  killing Bosnia with their
    mortars for over  thirty  months,  but  nonetheless,  with  many  of the
    powerful from the rest of  the  world  who  could  have helped, yet have
    chosen to do otherwise. 

    Two days ago, I left Sarajevo.  I  did  not  leave by plane, because the
    airport was closed. I had to  take  land  routes  through woods that are
    constantly exposed to fire and  where  many people are killed daily. For
    days, there is no electricity, water and gas in the city. The capital is
    completely blocked and it is virtually dying. 

    Yesterday, after I  had  arrived  to  the  United  Nations  building,  I
    received a letter from Srebrenica, a  small town on the river Drina. The
    letter was supposed to be a report, but it is moreover a cry from a real
    human hell. I could find no strength  to read this letter for the second
    time. 

    It has been over three  months,  since  a  new  wave of ethnic cleansing
    reignited. Thousands of civilians,  whose  only fault was that they were
    not Serbs, have been expelled from their homes in Banja Luka, Bijeljina,
    Janja and other towns under the control of Karadzic's army. 

    Once again, nothing has been  done.  The  world  seems to have gradually
    gotten  accustomed  to  unpunished  violations  of  the  basic  norms of
    international law. This is an  ill  stage,  that  concerns every man and
    every woman in the world, no  matter  how  close or far from Bosnia they
    may be. 

    For a very long period of time, I  have  rejected - and still reject- "a
    theory of conspiracy", that is,  that  all this that has befallen Bosnia
    is because the majority nation  is  a  Muslim  people and that there are
    some  dark  powers  who  have  consciously   pushed  Serbs  towards  the
    extermination of Bosnian Muslims. 

    Those who claim so, have their own arguments  . I believe You have heard
    them before : namely,  an  obvious  aggression,  followed  by  genocide,
    concentration camps and other forms  of the darkest fascism are on stage
    in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The world can only be blind not to see it. Is
    it blind, or does it  consciously  accept  all  these evils? Blind it is
    not, therefore, the other  possibility  remains.  This is their argument
    that has gained ever more supporters. 

    It will not be good if  a  billion  Muslims  in  the  world  accept this
    argument. 

    The latest events in and around the Plan of the Contact Group have given
    the supporters of "theory of conspiracy" an additional argument. 

    Namely, Bosnia and Herzegovina  has  been  offered  a  proposal that was
    backed by five major  powers,  and  therefore,  by  the  majority in the
    international  community.  It  was  clearly  stated  that  the  side who
    rejected the plan would  be  punished,  while  the side who accepted the
    plan would be protected. 

    The opposite  happened:  Serbs  rejected  the  Plan  and  they have been
    rewarded by the suspension of  sanctions.  We have accepted the Plan and
    we have been punished by a complete blockade of Sarajevo. Both processes
    ran parallelly and simultaneously. 

    These  days,  the  highest  United  Nation's   civilian   and   military
    authorities are warning us: If you demand  and succeed in the lifting of
    the arms embargo, UNPROFOR will pull out from the Republic of Bosnia and
    Herzegovina, etc., etc. 

    I have, certainly, not undertaken this long and arduous trip from Bosnia
    to America only to convey the facts that may be known to the majority of
    you. 

    We, in Bosnia believe that  Good  and  Justice,  despite  the hardships,
    cannot be defeated. We do not  give  up  faith  that  the world could be
    better and that we should all work  and  we should all try over and over
    again in order to make it better. 

    With this conviction, I have  come  to  speak  before you and to present
    some of our proposals, despite all our disappointments and frustrations. 

    From this General Assembly and the Security Council, we ask: 

    1. That all  Resolutions  on  Bosnia  and  Herzegovina  adopted  by  the
    Security Council and General Assembly be implemented; 

    2. That measures be taken in  order  to  effectively  monitor the border
    between Serbia and Montenegro on one side, and Bosnia and Herzegovina on
    the other side, so that any  transport  of  troops, weapons and military
    equipment over this border be prevented or timely detected; 

    3. Should this transport occur, that  the decision on suspension of some
    of the sanctions  against  Serbia  and  Montenegro  (  Security  Council
    resolution 943/1994)  be  immediately  recalled  and  tightened sanction
    measures be imposed in accordance with  the Plan of the Contact Group of
    July, 1994; 

    4. That there will be no further easing  of the sanctions towards Serbia
    and Montenegro until they  recognize  Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
    within its internationally recognized borders; 

    5. That a resolution be adopted,  without  delay, which would strengthen
    the protection of and mandate  the  extension  of  the  safe areas as in
    Security  Council  Resolutions  824  and  836,  and  in  accordance with
    provisions of Article 6, of the Contact Group Plan; 

    6. That decisions be taken that  would  prevent  and ensure an immediate
    end to  the  strangulation  of  Sarajevo.  As  an  integral  part, these
    measures  should  envisage  the  opening  of  the  city  along the north
    communication route ( road  and  highway),  by  creating a demilitarized
    belt , 2,5 kilometers  wide,  on  both  sides  of  these routes. In this
    demilitarized belt,  only  the  United  Nations  troops  and  police may
    remain. Potential use of force against the strangulation of Sarajevo, as
    is envisaged under Article 4, of the NATO decision of February 9, 1994. 


    Provided that the above conditions  be  fulfilled,  and with a condition
    that UNPROFOR continues to carry out  its mission, the Government of the
    Republic of Bosnia and  Herzegovina  would  be  willing to accept a new,
    modified formula for the problem of the arms embargo. 

    Namely, we would limit our demand  for  the  lifting of the arms embargo
    only to the adoption of formal  decision,  while its application, or its
    consequences, would be deferred for another six months. 

    In this case, UNPROFOR troops  could  remain  in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
    the Contact Group would fulfill  its  promise, and a clear message would
    be conveyed to Karadzic's Serbs. 

    At the end, we would also like to state our two commitments: 

    1. Our irrevocable objective is  a  democratic  Bosnia  and  Herzegovina
    within its  internationally  recognized  borders,  and with full ethnic,
    religious and political  rights  for  all  its  citizens.  Within a such
    Bosnia and Herzegovina as envisioned,  the Serbs will have all rights up
    to the highest level of autonomy, but  they cannot have a state within a
    state. 

    2. We consider that as all other nations,  we have the unalienable right
    to self-defense. Therefore,  should  for  any  reason,  our compromising
    proposal on the arms embargo  be  rejected,  we  will then seek from our
    friends that this embargo be lifted immediately, and even unilaterally. 

    In closing this statement,  I  take  this  opportunity  to  express  our
    sincere gratitude to  all  friends  of  Bosnia  who  have  supported its
    struggle for survival and freedom. 

    I thank You, Mr. President. 




 2. Charter (Original Text) ................................................... 


    The purpose of this newsgroup is to  provide prompt & timely information
    on Bosnia. This may include variety  of items including, summary of news
    reports,  upcoming  events,  nato    briefing,  coverage  of  Bosnia  by
    international press, international  news  agencies,  wire news services,
    announcements & info  by  U.S.  state   department,  listing  of  relief
    organization and much more. 




 3. List of Relief Agencies ................................................... 



	BENEVOLENCE INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION
	P.O.Box 548 Worth, IL 60482 USA
	Tel:708-233-0062
	Fax:708-233-0069
	e-mail:mermaa@engvms.unl.edu

	MERCY INTERNATIONAL-USA
        P.O. Box 248, Garden City, 
	Michigan 48136-0248 U.S.A.
        Telephone: (313)421-2273
        FAX:       (313)421-2022
        Tax Id. Number (38-2846307) Contributions are tax deductable.

	FRIENDS OF BOSNIA
	47 East Street
	Hadley, MA  01035
	Tel: 413-586-6450
	Fax: 413-586-2415
	Email: visualcom@igc.apc.org

	THE BOSNIA RELIEF FUND USA INC.
        Mailing : PO Box 91825 Elk Grove Village, IL 60009-1825
        Shipping: 1024 Fairway Dr., Bensenville,  IL 601016 USA
        Telephone: (708) 616-8223
        Fax      : (708) 616-8389

	NEW ENGLAND BOSNIAN RELIEF COMMITTEE
        54 Ellery St Boston, MA 02127
        (617) 269-5555 voice             
	(617) 464-4406 fax
       	lpingel@shore.net

	WOMEN FOR WOMEN IN BOSNIA
       	P.O. Box 9733
       	Alexandria, VA 22304

	STUDENTS AGAINST GENOCIDE-Project Bosnia
	(SAGE Contact) sherilee@leland.stanford.edu
	Phone: 415-725-SAGE

	MN COALITION FOR PEACE & HUMAN RIGHTS IN FORMER YUGOLAVIA
	Melis Arik
	c/o Institute for Education and Advocacy
	1219 University Avenue SE
	Minneapolis, MN 55414
	(612) 378-9114
	(612) 378-9132 (FAX)

   	GLOBAL CHILDREN'S ORGANIZATION
	GCO Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Ms. Elma
	Kucukalic-Selimovic TEL. (011 387 71) 444-296
	GCO Zagreb, Croatia, Mr. Zoran Ivancic,
	TEL/FAX (011 385 41) 382-660
	GCO Berkeley, California, Ms Edie Heartshorne	
   	TEL.  (510) 526-4476


	LIFEMISSION INC.
	P.O.BOX 604331
	FLUSHING, NEW YORK 11360-4331
	TEL: (718) 767-7184


	THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT
        Box 271, Nyack, NY l096, USA 
        TEL. ++914-358-4601 Fax ++914-358-4924 
	Email: fornatl@apc.igc.org 


	BALKAN MUSLIM ASSOCIATION 
	E-mail: BalkanMus@aol.com



Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (Muslims@Asuacad.Bitnet)
          File:Bosnia Relief Agencies






 4. Bosnia News on Internet ................................................... 


    BOSNET (English) 
    'Bosnet' is Bosnia News Network. It publishes daily event over internet.
    BOSNET publications  are  posted  to   several  news  groups  on  USENET
    including 'misc.news.bosnia.'  One  may  subscribe  to  it by writing to
    'bosnews-request@doc.ic.ac.uk.' 


    BOSNET (Bosnian Language) 
    'Bosnet' is also available in Bosnian  language. To request subscription
    write to: 'bosnet-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu.' 


    MISC.NEWS.BOSNIA Mailing List 
    Posting made to news group  'misc.news.bosnia'  may be received as email
    message. If interested write to: 'misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu' 

    
    BOSNIA ACTION COALITION: 's weekly summary is available by e-mail. Titled,
    "This Week in Bosnia-Hercegovina." Subscription request may be sent to:

		nebosnia-list-approval@world.std.com
    
   


 5. FTP Sites for Bosnia Info ................................................. 


    The info on Bosnia is located at the following anonymous FTP sites: 


                Login:          anonymous
                Password:       _your_email_address_


        A -  SITE:      triples.math.mcgill.ca
             Directory: /pub/bosnia

        B -  SITE:      ftp.cco.caltech.edu
             Directory: /pub/bosnia
	


 6. World-Wide Web (WWW) Home Page on Bosnia ..................................


	   http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~bosnia/bosnia.html

	It is a very extensive home page on Bosnia, covering documents & 
	images, news reports and many more items. 
	


 7. Need for this Newsgroup ................................................... 


    Bosnia problem is over four years old  by now and doesn't show much hope
    of going away. A newsgroup can  reach  a  lot more people than a mailing
    list. 

    The information on Bosnia is scattered over different newsgroups in bits
    & pieces, some mailing lists give a  weekly report on Bosnia. This group
    will also attempt bring all news  &  info  on  Bosnia in this newsgroup.
    Daily postings & updates on Bosnia will be posted on this newsgroup 

    Discussions on Bosnia already take place  on soc.culture.bosna-herzgvna.
    Current proposed newsgroup will be  news  &  info oriented newsgroup and
    also to avoid junk appearing in  this  newsgroup,  the newsgroup will be
    moderated. 


 8. Detailed Info on Relief Agencies .......................................... 


    a) WOMEN FOR WOMEN in Bosnia

	
	The name of the organization is Women for Women in Bosnia and
	here is how it works.  You donate $20 each month along with a
	short letter, and they deliver ALL the money along with your
	letter and its translation to the woman you have chosen to
	sponsor in Bosnia.  Most of the women are in refugee camps, and
	is $40 per month to sponsor a woman in Sarajevo.

	The main thing to notice here is that all of the donation goes
	to the sponsored woman.  There is no cut for administrative
	expenses or anything else.  They will even try to send small
	items like vitamins, underwear, etc. to your sponsee if you
	choose to send something.  The sponsees may choose to write
	back or they may not, but even if they don't the aid workers
	who deliver the money say that the letters they receive help
	them tremendously.  These women really need to feel like
	someone in the world cares about them.

	If men wish to participate they may pay the $20
	per month, but a woman should always write the letter.  I even
	know several people who sponser one woman as a group because
	they cannot individually afford to do so.  Also, contributions
	to the expenses of the organization are always needed.

	If you wish to contact WWB, their address is:
                Women for Women in Bosnia
                P.O. Box 9733
                Alexandria, VA 22304

     b) S.H.A.R.P

             Sarajevo Hospital Aid and Reconstruction Project

The Sarajevo Hospital Aid and Reconstruction Project (SHARP), a chapter of
the Bosnia and Herzegovina Relief Fund, is a nonprofit organization raising
funds to help rebuild Sarajevo's health care system and to provide financial
aid and educational opportunities for medical personal.

In addition to financial support, the organization is also seeking donations
of medical supplies, including medical textbooks and journals.

For information, please contact:

Ernesto A. Pretto, MD
Safar Center for Resuscitation Research
3434 Fifth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
tel:412-383-1904; fax:412-624-0943
e-mail: pretto@smtp.anes.upmc.edu


 	b) SAVEZ

 It is an organization that wishes to help the Croats of Bosnia. We
 stand for the unity among Croats and Bosnians, as well as for 
 Bosnia's internationally recognized borders. We seek to act as a
 bridge between the Croats, and the Bosnians, using our talents to
 help the federation. We also seek to promote the preservation of 
 Croats of BH, in full accordance of the Washington agreement, as well
 as to have Croatia and Bosnia work together.

 We have two organizations. The first is our sister organization in
 Croatia, where on Oct 15, 1994, it was created. It received positive
 coverage in the Croatian media. The other organization is the one
 for North America, where we had our founding meeting Oct 22, 1994.
 We were joined in our meeting by Sarajevo journalist Ivica Puljic, as well
 as by his excellency Muhamed Sacirbey, who gave us encouraging words.

 If you feel that your goals are similar to ours, and you would
 like to get in contact with your local brance of SHBH, in North America,
 drop me a line, and I will get you in touch with our local brances.

Contact Addres: madcro@mcs.com


	c) LIFEMISSION INC

Lifemission Inc., a volunteer, non-profit organization was formed in
1993 to provide relief and medical services to the victim of war torn
Bosnia. Staffed by trained medical professionala, Lifemission Inc.
has now embarked on a mission to provide medical training to those
personnel interested in helping and aiding persons who seek medical
attention. Pre-hospital emergency care is one of the corner stones to
ensure prompt and definitive medical care to those who seek it, and will
aid in lessening the mortality rates in those regions...

Jim Schrang is the President of Lifemission Inc. He is planing
a new trip to East Mostar with medical equipment in January 1995.
Any assistance, financial or medical would be highly appreciated.

Please, contact Jim and Lifemission as soon as possible.

They need your help.

JIM SCHRANG                     LIFEMISSION INC.
19-10 PARSONS BLVD.             P.O.BOX 604331
APT. 1 G WHITESTONE             FLUSHING, NEW YORK 11360-4331
N.Y.  11357
phone: (718) 767-7184


	d) BENEVOLENCE INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION (BIF)

The Benevolence International Foundation (BIF) has been working in
partnership with the communities devastated by wars and catastrophes
through out the world for more than seven years.

The volunteers of BIF are risking thier lives to provide food, shel-
ter, and neccessary health care to the oppressed people of Bosnia,
Tajikstan, Burma, Afghanistan, and others.

Because of the help of GOD, BIF was able to provide to thousands of 
children all over the world, the neccessary health care, nutrition,
education and training. But Millions of other children still despe-
rately need our help....YOUR help!

It does'nt take much to help a needy person. By contributing your
little time, effort or money, you can actually help save lives!

Come and join others who have chosen not to remain silent against
oppression. Bring a little warmth and laughter to a childs face.
Act now as the time is running out.

If you would like to work with us or want to know on how you can
contribute and help, give us a call or write to us or send an 
e-mail message at the following address.

Dear freind! You Can Help Change LIVES-And May be Even History!

Benevolence International Foundation
P.O.Box 548 Worth, IL 60482 USA
Tel:708-233-0062
Fax:708-233-0069
e-mail:mermaa@engvms.unl.edu

A nonprofit organization working to relieve human suffering all over the world
 





 9. UN Resolution 947 (1994) .................................................. 


	United Nations Security Council Resolution 947 (1994)


                     RESOLUTION 947 (1994)

    Adopted by the Security Council at its 3434th meeting,
                     on 30 September 1994



    The Security Council,

    Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions on the
conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and

reaffirming in this context its resolution 908 (1994) of
31 March 1994, on the mandate of the United Nations Protection
Force (UNPROFOR),

    Having considered the reports of the Secretary-General of
9 May 1994 (S/1994/555) and 17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067 and

Add.1),

    Affirming its commitment to the search for an overall
negotiated settlement of the conflicts in the former
Yugoslavia ensuring the sovereignty and territorial integrity
of all the States there within their internationally

recognized borders, and stressing the importance it attaches
to the mutual recognition thereof,

    Welcoming the continuing efforts of the Co-Chairmen of the
Steering Committee of the International Conference on the
Former Yugoslavia,


    Welcoming also the efforts of Member States in the context
of the Contact Group, and emphasizing the utmost importance of
the work of the Contact Group and its role in the overall
peace process in the area,


    Recognizing that the major provisions of the United
Nations Peace-keeping Plan for the Republic of Croatia
(S/23280, annex III) and relevant Security Council
resolutions, in particular resolution 871 (1993) of
4 October 1993, still remain to be implemented,

    Stressing that UNPROFOR plays an essential role in
preventing and containing hostilities and thus creating the
conditions for achieving an overall political settlement,

    Paying tribute to the UNPROFOR personnel in the

performance of the mandate of UNPROFOR, in particular in
assisting the delivery of humanitarian assistance and
monitoring the cease-fires,

94-38250 (E)   /...

    Reiterating its determination to ensure the security of
UNPROFOR and its freedom of movement for all its missions, and
to these ends, as regards UNPROFOR in the Republic of Croatia
and in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, acting under
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,


    1.  Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of
17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067), and approves the proposals
therein concerning UNPROFOR's activities in relation to mine-
clearance, public information and civilian police;


    2.  Decides to extend UNPROFOR's mandate for an additional
period terminating on 31 March 1995;

    3.  Urges all the parties and others concerned to
cooperate with UNPROFOR in carrying out its mandate, to
refrain from any hostile and provocative acts against UNPROFOR

personnel, and to ensure their security and their freedom of
movement;

    4.  Requests the Secretary-General to report no later than
20 January 1995 on progress towards implementation of the
United Nations Peace-keeping Plan for the Republic of Croatia

and all relevant Security Council resolutions, taking into
account the position of the Croatian Government, and decides
to reconsider UNPROFOR's mandate in the light of that report;

    5.  Requests also the Secretary-General, in the light of
resolution 871 (1993), to include in that report information

on progress towards (a) opening the road and railway
communications with the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs)
and the rest of the Republic of Croatia; (b) establishing the
water and electricity supply in all regions of Croatia for the
mutual benefit of all its citizens; (c) opening of the
Adriatic pipeline;


    6.  Invites the Secretary-General to update his report
submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 838 (1993)
of 10 June 1993, and to expand it as appropriate to cover
other areas where UNPROFOR is deployed;


    7.  Affirms the right of all displaced persons to return
voluntarily to their homes of origin in safety and dignity
with the assistance of the international community;

    8.  Reaffirms its support for the established principle

that all statements or commitments made under duress,
particularly those regarding land and ownership, are null and
void;

    9.  Calls on all parties and others concerned fully to
comply with all Security Council resolutions regarding the

situation in the former Yugoslavia, and concerning in
particular UNPROFOR in Croatia to create the conditions that
would facilitate the full implementation of its mandate;

    10.      Expresses its concern that the necessary
arrangements, including, where appropriate, agreements on the
status of forces and other personnel, have not yet been
concluded by the Republic of Croatia, the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

(Serbia and Montenegro), and calls upon them to conclude such
arrangements without delay;

    11.      Requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council
regularly informed on progress with regard to the
implementation of UNPROFOR's mandate and to report, as

necessary, on any developments on the ground and other
circumstances affecting the mandate of the Force;

    12.      Urges the Bosnian Serb party fully to respect the
territorial integrity of the Republic of Croatia and to
refrain from any actions that are threatening its security;


    13.      Urges also that the pilot project described in
paragraph 39 of the report of the Secretary-General of
17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067) be put into effect as soon as
possible;


    14.      Declares that the restoration of the authority of
the Republic of Croatia in the "pink zones", to the extent
that it is compatible with the 29 March 1994 cease-fire
agreement, must be accomplished under the close supervision of
UNPROFOR, and in such manner as to avoid any further
destabilization of the region;


    15.      Decides to remain seized of the matter.






 Announcements ................................................................


 9. Moderation Policy ......................................................... 


    Misc.News.Bosnia is group moderated. 

    Moderators will post only news & info  related directly or indirectly to
    Bosnia. 

    Rejected items  will  include,  discussions,  test  messages,  anonymous
    message & posting which are not in proper USENET format, (to spell out),
    80 characters in width & more quoted text than original. 




 10. Moderators List & Guidelines .............................................. 



	LIST OF CHARTER MODERATORS for misc.news.bosnia
	_______________________________________________
	Dated: September 05, 1994

	irfan@cisco.com			Syed Irfan Ashraf  
	iraj@gnu.ai.mit.edu		Iraj Ali-Mughal
	erkocevc@devm.crl.sony.co.jp 	Murat Erkocevc 


	Additional Moderators Dated: October 03, 1994

	kirac@systems.caltech.edu 	Ahmet Kirac
	mughal@alumni.caltech.edu	Asim Mughal 


	Additional Moderator Dated: Feb 17, 1995 

	ayhan@cco.caltech.edu 		Ayhan Irfangolu


	

	GUIDELINES:


    To  spell  out  guidelines,  moderators   may  resign  voluntarily,  new
    moderators may be selected by the preceding ones. 


    MODERATION SETUP: 

    As pointed out, this newsgroup is group  moderated. Submissions are sent
    to one of the active moderatos. The moderator reviews the submission and
    takes appropriate action. 

    The moderation is based at 'gnu.ai.mit.edu' site. The articles submitted
    are forwarded from the above site to  the moderators. The moderators use
    Automatic  Posting  Scripts  to   faciliate  the  review  &  posting  of
    submissions. 

    In addition to the moderators, the newsgroup has two facilitators. Ahmet
    Kirac          (kirac@systems.caltech.edu)      and    Asim    Mughal
    (mughal@alumni.caltech.edu), for advice & coordination among moderators.
    The newsgroup host site,  Automatic  Posting  Script  & this document is
    maintained by Asim Mughal. 




11. Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994 .......................................... 


    ADMINISTRATIVA 001: Oct 03, 1994 Facilitators appointed Moderators 


To: Readership of 'misc.news.bosnia'
From: Moderators (Irfan Ashraf, Iraj Ali-Mughal, Murat Erkocevc) 


    The  moderators  of   misc.news.bosnia,  in  accordance  with  the voted
    moderation policy,  excerise  their  right  to  appoint  two  additional
    moderators for the news group 'misc.news.bosnia.' 

    The  moderators  of   misc.news.bosnia,   hereby,  appoint  the  current
    facilitators, as listed as below as  the moderators of misc.news.bosnia,
    making a total of five (5) moderators. 



Moderator-4 :  Asim Mughal	(mughal@alumni.caltech.edu)
Moderator-5 :  Ahmet Kirac 	(kirac@systems.caltech.edu)



    UPDATED COMPLETE LIST OF MODERATORS: as of Oct 04, 1994 

	irfan@cisco.com			Syed Irfan Ashraf  
	iraj@gnu.ai.mit.edu		Iraj Ali-Mughal
	erkocevc@devm.crl.sony.co.jp 	Murat Erkocevc 
	mughal@alumni.caltech.edu 	Asim Mughal
	kirac@systems.caltech.edu	Ahmet Kirac


    RELEVANT VOTED GUIDELINES: 

    " To spell  out  guidelines,  moderators  may  resign  voluntarily,  new
    moderators may be selected by the preceding ones. " 


    LIST OF FACILITATORS: from FAQ 

    "In addition to the  moderators,  the  newsgroup  has  two facilitators.
    Ahmet     Kirac     (kirac@systems.caltech.edu)    and   Asim   Mughal
    (mughal@caltech.edu), for advice & coordination among moderators. 

    The newsgroup host site, Automatic Posting  Script & this document (FAQ)
    is maintained by Asim Mughal." 


    End of Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994. 


12. Administrativa 002: Oct 27, 1994 .......................................... 


    ADMINISTRATIVA 002: Oct 27, 1994  Anyone at American University? Help! 


From: mughal@alumni.caltech.edu [Asim Mughal] 
X-Receive-Date: Fri, 28 Oct 1994 09:36:50 -0700 (PDT)


Greetings,

Dear Readers, 

A number of people have contacted us wanting to read the newsgroup
'misc.news.bosnia.' Unfortunately, most of them don't have USENET
access. 

We have talked with gateway administration at American University.
They are willing to setup a mailing list and a gateway between the 
mailing list & newsgroup 'misc.news.bosnia.' The setup will look like 
the following:

	misc.news.bosnia <---> Gateway <--> Mailing list 
 
This will distribute all postings made on the newsgroup misc.news.bosnia
to those on the mailing list. 

We need to have someone local at American University, who can be a student,
faculty or staff, to 'sponsor' before Mailing list can be setup.

If you are at American University, node AUVM, or know anyone at AUVM,
please contact us at:

		misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu 

We thank & appreciate your help!


Sincerely,

Asim Mughal
Facilitator,
misc.news.bosnia 



13. Administrativa 003: Feb 17, 1995 .......................................... 


    ADMINISTRATIVA 003: Feb 17, 1995 Ayhan Irfanoglu selected as moderator 


From: mughal@alumni.caltech.edu [Asim Mughal- Facilitator/Moderator]
Subject: ADMIN 003: Ayhan Irfanoglu selected as moderator.

Greetings,


Dear Readers, 

One of the moderators lost his network access, the  current
moderators, under the authority given to them by the  voted
charter of the newsgroup, hereby select the Ayhan Irfanoglu
(ayhan@cco.caltech.edu) as a moderator for misc.news.bosnia. 

The following is an up-to-date listing: [Feb 17, 1995]


MODERATORS:	Irfan Ashraf	[on leave]
		Iraj Ali-Mughal [on leave]
		Ayhan Irfanoglu [active] {Mod #06}

FACILITATORS: 	Ahmet Kirac 	[active]
		Asim Mughal	[active]

Per ADMIN 001: Facilitators may also server as moderators.

SUBMISSION ADDRESS:	misc-news-bosnia@gnu.ai.mit.edu
MODERATING PANEL:	misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu



## End of Admin 003 ## Feb 17, 1995 ##




14. Where & How to send your submissions ...................................... 


    There are two ways to do so: 

    A- Thru USENET 

    While reading newsgroup 'misc.news.bosnia' simply respond to the artilce
    or post a new article. The article  will  be automatically routed to one
    of the active moderators for review. 

    B- Thru E-MAIL 

    You may submit your article  to  the   following  address.  Again,  your
    article will reach one of the moderators for review. 

    The e-mail address is: 

		    misc-news-bosnia@gnu.ai.mit.edu 


15. How to reach Moderators & Facilitators .................................... 



    If you wish to reach moderators &  facilitators  of  this newsgroup. You
    may send email to: 

		misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu 



16. E-Mail Subscription to misc.news.bosnia ...................................

	If you do not have access to usenet, you can still read
	misc.news.bosnia  by  receiving  all postings as e-mail
	messages to your account. 

	Inclusion in email messages is done at the discretion 
	of the moderators due to limition on resources. 

	If interested, write to:

		misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu



17. History of this newsgroup ................................................. 



    Newsgroup: misc.news.bosnia 
    Description: News, Articles, Reports & Info on Bosnia. 


    Status: moderated

    Proponent:                          Ahmet Kirac (kirac@systems.caltech.edu) 
    Sponsor:				Caltech MSA (calmsa@cco.caltech.edu)

    Request for Discussion:             June 21, 1994
    Call for Votes:                     August 12, 1994
    Voting Ended:                       September 03, 1994 23:59:59 UTC
    Vote Taker:                         UVV
    Votes:                              XXX in favor, XX against






18. This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits ................................. 


    ARCHIVE INFO: This FAQ is archived &  availble thru anonymous FTP & thru
    world-wide web. 


        Anonymous FTP:
        -------------

        1. SITE:        rtfm.mit.edu
           Directory:   /pub/usenet/news.answers/bosnia-news-faq.Z

        2. SITE:        ftp.uu.net
           Directory:   /pub/usenet/news.answers/bosnia-news-faq.Z

        3. SITE:        ftp.cco.caltech.edu
           Directory:   /pub/calmsa/bosnia/bosnia-news-faq.Z


Word-Wide Web:
-------------

URL for USENET FAQs:

        http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/top.html

URL for this FAQ:

http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/bosnia-news-faq/faq.html



HISTORY:

Version 1.5  Released  Mar  28, '96:  Item # 3 updated.
Version 1.4  Released  Aug  28, '95:  Items 5 & 6 updated. New item 16.
Version 1.3  Released  May  20, '95:  Expanded from 16 to 
Version 1.2  Released  Mar  27, '95:  Expanded from 13 to 16 items. 
Version 1.1  Released  Oct  20, '94:  Expanded from 8 to 13 items. 
Version 1.0  Released  Sept 05, '94:     



## End of misc.news.bosnia FAQ ## 




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