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[Reposted due to Enlow UCE cancel]: Speed Limits: States' Attitudes (9/6/97) - FAQ Version


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Archive-name: autos/state-speed-limits
Posting-Frequency: Every other thursday
Last-modified: 9/6/1997 (M/D/Y)
Last-posted: 7/3/1997
URL: http://sunsite.unc.edu/rdu/sl-attud/index.html

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
This is the FAQ Version of my States' Attitudes Towards Speed Limits
lists at my Reasonable Drivers Unanimous site (http://sunsite.unc.edu/rdu/).
It is posted biweekly to several traffic/driving related newsgroups
and is sent out at the same time to all members of the Sl-Attud
mailing list.  If you would like to join the list sent me a note at
kevina@clark.net.

It consisted chiefly of two parts a Summary Chart and a Detailed List.

The Summary Chart shows the current and proposed speed limits for the
various states.  It has just recently been changes to make it a lot
less confusing.  Unfortunately some information was lost in the
process.  The Original Summary Chart is available near the end of this
document for those who like it better.

The News Summary gives a gives a quick overview of what is happening
in the states in terms of speed limits. Only states with something
happening within the last 6 months are listed.  This information is
also included in the Detailed List but is separated for those who do
not wish to go through it all.

The Detailed List shows a detailed breakdown of every states attitude
toward speed limits in plain English. This is the place were you can
find the full story of any possible increases.  If you wish to have
access to the links presented see the html version.

The Original Summary Chart is the original confusing Chart.  It is
designed to show the general attitude of states toward speed limits
and what the current post-NMSL speed limit is.

I am trying to keep this information as up-to-date as possible so if
you know of any New Speed Limits, when it will take effect, and/or the
story of any possible increases for your state or any other state
please let me know at kevina@clark.net; 7962 Helmart Dr., Laurel MD
20723.  Be sure to include how you found out about the information.
With out it I have no way to judge how valid it is.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
TABLE OF CONTENTS:

  1) Changes Since Last Posting
  2) Summary Chart
  3) News Summary
  4) Detailed List
  5) Summary Summary
  6) Original Summary Chart
  7) Credits Etc.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
1) CHANGES SINCE LAST POSTING
----------------------------------------------------------------------

(Changes stared indicate a significant change.  Not all non-significant 
will show up in the Summary Chart)

9/6/97: WV, ME*, OH, TX
8/26/97: WV*, LA, MD
7/13/97: OR*, WV*, KS, TX

----------------------------------------------------------------------
2) SUMMARY CHART
----------------------------------------------------------------------

The limits for the Current and Proposed limits are as follows:
(Rural Freeway / Divided / UnDivided / Urban Freeway)
The Change date is the date of the most recent rural freeway limit change.
"Pre" stands for what the rural freeway limit was before the 55 mandate.
Please see the Notes at the end of this chart for an explanation of what the
  various abbreviations mean.
For a detailed breakdown of any state click on its name.

State      | Current Limit   | Proposed Limit       | applies to| Change| Pre
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska     | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 88/01 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Alabama    | 70  65  55  65  |                      |           | 96/05 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Arkansas   | 70  55  55  55  |                      |           | 96/08 | 75
           | 65  55  55  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Arizona    | 75  55  55  55  | --  65  65  65       |           | 95/12 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
California | 70  65  65* 65  |                      |           | 96/01 | 70
           | 55  55  55  55  |                      | combinat. |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Colorado   | 75  65  65  55  |                      |           | 96/05 | 70
           |                 | 55  55  55  55       | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Conn.      | 55  55  50  55  | 60  --  --  --       |           |       | 60
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Delaware   | 65  55  50  55  |                      |           | 96/01 | 60
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Florida    | 70  65  55  55  |                      |           | 96/04 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Georgia    | 70  65  55  65  |                      |           | 96/07 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Hawaii     | 55  55  45  55  |                      |           |       | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Iowa       | 65  55  55  65* |                      |           | 87/05 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Idaho      | 75  65  65  55  |                      |           | 96/05 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Illinois   | 65  65  55  65* |                      |           | 87/04 | 70
           | 55  55  55  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Indiana    | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/06 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Kansas     | 70  70  65  55  |                      |           | 96/03 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Kentucky   | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/06 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Louisiana  | 70  65  55  60  |                      |           | 97/07 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Mass.      | 65  65  55  65  |                      |           | 92/01 | 65
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Maryland   | 65  55  55  60* |                      |           | 95/07 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Maine      | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/06 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Michigan   | 70  55  55  65  |                      |           | 97/01 | 70
           | 55  55  55  55  | 70  --  --  65  mayb | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Minnesota  | 70  65  55  65  |                      |           | 97/06 | 65
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Missouri   | 70  70  60  60  |                      |           | 96/03 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Miss.      | 70  55  55  60  | --  70  65  --       |           | 96/03 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Montana    | 00  00  00  55  |                      | day       | 95/12 | 00*
           | 65  55  55  55  |                      | night     |       |
           | 65  60  60  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Nebraska   | 75  65  60  55  |                      |           | 96/06 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
N Carolina | 70  55  55  65  |                      |           | 96/08 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
N Dakota   | 70  65  65  55  |                      | day       | 96/07 | 75
           | 70  55  55  55  |                      | night     |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
N. Hamp.   | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/04 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
New Jersey | 55  55  50  55  | 65  --  --  --  mayb |           |       | 60*
           |                 |                      |           |       |
New Mexico | 75  70  65  55  |                      |           | 96/02 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Nevada     | 75  70  70  65  |                      |           | 95/12 | 00
           |                 |                      |           |       |
New York   | 65  55  55  65* |                      |           | 95/08 | 65
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Ohio       | 65  65  55  65  |                      |           | 87/07 | 70
           | 55  55  55  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Oklahoma   | 75* 70  65  60  |                      | day       | 95/12 | 70
           | 75* 65  55  60  |                      | night     |       |
           | 60  60  55  60  |                      | trucks    |       |
           | 55  55  55  55  |                      | nig truck |       |
           | 65  50  ??  ??  |                      | school b. |       |
           |                 | 75  --  65  65  done |           |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Oregon     | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/09 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Penn.      | 65  55  55  55  | --  --  --  65       |           | 95/07 | 65
           |                 |                      |           |       |
R. Island  | 65  55  50  55  |                      |           | 96/05 | 60
           |                 |                      |           |       |
S Carolina | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/08 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
S Dakota   | 75  65  65  55  |                      |           | 96/04 | 75
           | 65  55  55  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Tennessee  | 65  65  55  65  |                      |           | 87/05 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Texas      | 70  70  70  70* |                      | day       | 95/12 | 70
           | 65  65  65  55  |                      | night     |       |
           | 60  60  60  55  |                      | trucks    |       |
           | 55  55  55  55  |                      | nig truck |       |
           | 50  50  50  50  |                      | school b. |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Utah       | 75  65  55  65  |                      |           | 96/06 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Virginia   | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 88/07 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Vermont    | 65  55  50  55  |                      |           | 87/04 | 65
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Washington | 70  70* 65* 60  |                      |           | 96/03 | 70
           | 60  60  60  60  |                      | trucks    |       |
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Wisconsin  | 65  55  55  55  |                      |           | 87/06 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
W Virginia | 70  65  55  60  |                      |           | 97/08 | 70
           |                 |                      |           |       |
Wyoming    | 75  65  65  60  |                      |           | 95/12 | 75
           |                 |                      |           |       |

* For Montana: Daytime only, 55 non-interstate/65 interstate night limit
* For Any Other State: Kind of, see the Detailed List for more info

Notes:

  00 = A reasonable & prudent speed or no speed limit
  ?? = A change possible, but I am not sure what to

  mayb = A possible change, but it is questionable
  done = A done deal, just waiting for the signs to be posted

  combinat. = combination vehicles
  nig truck = night, trucks
  school b. = school buses


----------------------------------------------------------------------
3) NEWS SUMMARY
----------------------------------------------------------------------

   Arizona (5/19/96)
     * ADOT has raised parts of AZ 85 to 65. Many other primary two-lane
       roads are under consideration as well, and the possibility of
       urban interstate increases are very much alive.
       
   California (5/05/97)
     * Most two lane roads in California are now posted at 55 however
       there are a few posted at 65.
       
   Connecticut (4/2/97)
     * A committee has approved a substitute for HB5262, which would
       increase the speed limit to 60 mph on several of Connecticut's
       roads, but not on I-95.
       
   Florida (5/23/97)
     * Some more portions of I-95 are going up from 55 to 65, and others
       from 65 to 70.
       
   Indiana (5/23/97)
     * Several bills that would have raised the speed limit to 70 on
       rural interstates and 65 on rural divided highways did not leave
       the committees before the session was over. There is a special
       session but the chances of the bills getting passed in this
       session are slim.
       
   Kansas (7/13/97)
     * Some more speed limits are going up on I-70, I-635, and I-435.
       
   Louisiana (7/02/97)
     * A Bill to raise the Speed limit to 70 mph (from 65) on interstates
       and 65 on other 4 lane (from 55) passed the House and Sent and the
       Governor has signed it into law. Speed limits started to go up
       after the forth of July and were all up by the middle of August.
       
   Maine (9/6/97)
     * A bill to raise parts of I-95 to 70, other parts of I-95 to 75,
       and all of I-495 to 75 mph was soundly defeated. Another bill
       which would have raised some urban interstates to 65 also failed.
       
   Maryland (8/26/96)
     * I-95 between the Capital and Baltimore Beltway was going to go to
       65 mph as soon as road surface improvement project is done which
       should be sometime in mid July however it look like the limit
       increase has been stalled.
       
   Minnesota (7/02/97)
     * The Governor has decided to sign the speed limit bill in spite if
       not getting enough money for troupers. Speed limit to 70 mph on
       rural freeways, 65 on urban ones and 65 mph on other divided
       highways. Speed limits started going up on Tuesday, June 24.
       
   New Jersey (7/02/97)
     * The two speed limit bills were combined into one committee
       substitute bill (AB 731) and it easily passed the Assembly Law and
       Public Safety committee by a 5-1 vote on Monday, June 9. This bill
       will increases the speed limit on the state's interstates and toll
       roads to 65 mph.
       
   Ohio (9/6/97)
     * A bill (HB 305) which would make truck speed limits the same as
       cars was defeated 8-4 in a committee.
       
   Oregon (7/13/97)
     * The legislature has adjourned without passing a speed limit
       increase. The Senate passed two bills but they both died in the
       House Transportation Committee. One bill would have raised the
       rural interstate limit to 75; another would have repealed speed
       limits and let the transportation department set whatever limits
       are deemed safe.
       
   South Carolina (5/18/97)
     * Several bills to raise the speed limit in NC failed to get
       approval before the end of the 1997 legislative session (April 30,
       1997).
       
   Tennessee (5/18/97)
     * With Gov. Don Sundquist applying pressure, state lawmakers have
       slammed the brakes on legislation to raise the speed limit to 70
       mph on Tennessee's interstate highways.
       
   Texas (9/6/97)
     * Cites now have the option of increasing the speed limits for urban
       interstates from 55 to 70 mph under a new law signed into law.
       Some speed limits in the Houston area will be increased this fall.
       The bill which would have lowered speed limits from 70 to 60 on
       some 2 lane roads was defeated.
       
   West Virginia (9/6/97)
     * From August 25 to around September 6, West Virginia speed limits
       were increased from 65 to 70 on rural interstates, 55 to 65 on
       most divided highways and 60 on some urban stretches.
       

----------------------------------------------------------------------
4) DETAILED LIST
----------------------------------------------------------------------
   
   Alabama (5/23/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 20, 1987
     * Effective May 21, 1996 the speed limit on Alabama rural
       interstates is now 70. The new limit is based upon House Bill
       4323, which also raises the speed limits on 4-lane highways from
       55 to 65, and urban interstates to 65.
     * The bill also includes a provision which prevents Interstate speed
       limit enforcement by municipal agencies whose population is less
       than 19000 (read "speed trap towns").
     * Alabama State Legislature (No Bill Info)
       
   Alaska
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on January 15, 1988
     * Administrative action by state DOT & public safety is required to
       raise the speed limit.
     * Alaska State Legislature (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.ak.us/
       
   Arizona (5/19/96)
     * News Summary: ADOT has raised parts of AZ 85 to 65. Many other
       primary two-lane roads are under consideration as well, and the
       possibility of urban interstate increases are very much alive.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 15, 1987
     * Went to 75 mph on rural interstates on December 8, 1995
     * ADOT has raised the speed limit on AZ 85 (between Buckeye and
       Lukeville with exceptions through Gila Bend and Ajo) to 65 mph.
       This is the first non- interstate to see an increased speed limit
       in many years. Many other primary two-lane roads are under
       consideration as well, and the possibility of urban interstate
       increases are very much alive.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.az.us/
     * ALIS Online (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
       
   Arkansas (7/19/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 12, 1987
     * Administrative action by highway commission/department is required
       to raise the speed limit.
     * The Arkansas Highway Commission voted to wait six months before
       deciding whether to raise the speed limit on state highways. Goal:
       See how increased speeds affects fatality rates.
     * The wait is over! Arkansas has announced that they will in the
       middle of August of 96 implement a 70 miles an hour speed limit on
       rural interstates for cars only. Trucks will remain at 65.
       Decision came from the Highway Commission.
     * Government Relations Information (Bill Text only)
       
   California (5/05/97)
     * News Summary: Most two lane roads in California are now posted at
       55 however there are a few posted at 65.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 28, 1987
     * Raised many 55 Freeways to 65 on December 8, 1995
     * Went to 70 mph on rural interstates on January 8, 1996
     * Combination vehicles are limit to 55 mph.
     * Due to the passage SB 848 all two lane roads will default to 55
       mph as well as any other non-freeways unless otherwise posted This
       is only a temporary bill, designed to avoid confusion and give
       traffic engineers time to conduct there studies, that will be in
       effect only to January 1 of 97.
     * Most two lane roads are now 55 however a there are a few posted at
       65. Highway 1 from the San Mateo/Santa Cruz county line south for
       a few miles, and most of U.S. 97 from I-5 north to Oregon line is
       now posted at 65. There may be other posted at 65 near death
       vally.
     * Official California Legislative Information (Bill Text, Status and
       Current Law)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.ca.gov/
     * California is known for its Anti Speed Trap Laws. In Summary: To
       use radar, the enforced facility (road, highway, etc) must have a
       valid Speed Zone Survey, as your other correspondent noted and the
       posted speed limit must correspond to that survey. In other words,
       if the survey recommends a speed limit of 40 MPH, and the local
       jurisdiction posts "30 MPH" signs, any ticket written should be
       thrown out of court. "Airplane surveillance" tickets are illegal
       in California. (Ref: {ca-speed})
       
   Colorado (2/03/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 10, 1987
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * In the 1996 legislative session SB 78 has been introduced which
       includes a provision limiting trucks to 55 mph including the 75mph
       interstates. Separate truck speed limits are a hazard to everyone.
     * Colorado Governor Roy Romer signed into law 75 MPH maximum speed
       limit on Friday, April 26, 1996. (HB 1069) Specifically, the law
       permits the state highway department to increase speeds at their
       discretion. So far as I know the law puts no restrictions on what
       roads will get what speeds. So this is really a motorists bill;
       the traffic engineers, not bureaucrats make the decisions. Count
       on long stretches of interstate (I-70, I-25, I-76) getting raised
       to 75, particularly in eastern Colorado. Increases are supposed to
       be posted around Memorial Day of 1996.
     * Apparently all other highways are now at 65 (with 2 and 4 lanes)
     * Colorado State Legislature Information (Bill Status but no Text)
       
   Connecticut (4/2/97)
     * News Summary: A committee has approved a substitute for HB5262,
       which would increase the speed limit to 60 mph on several of
       Connecticut's roads, but not on I-95.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 60
     * Never did adopted the 65 mph speed limit
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 50 mph.
     * Administrative action by state traffic commission is required to
       raise the speed limit. Five bills have been introduced to raise
       the maximum speed limit to 65 mph: HB5255, HB5262, HB6439, SB118,
       and SB162.
     * A committee has approved a substitute for HB5262, which would
       increase the speed limit to 60 mph on several of Connecticut's
       roads, but not on I-95. A state study stated the limit on I-95
       should remain 55 mph because of heavy traffic and dense population
       along the highway.
     * The House passed HB5262 by a vote of 96-50. The bill would allow
       the State Traffic Commission to increase the speed limit on
       qualified highways to 65 mph. Currently Connecticut is one of only
       three states (in addition to New Jersey and Hawaii) that still has
       a maximum limit of 55 mph.
     * Unfortunately the Senate voted 27-9 to kill the bill on the last
       day of this session, June 4.
     * A survey of the state's AAA members found 72 percent favor
       increasing the speed limit. AAA has asked the legislature to
       increase the limit to 60 or 65 mph.
     * A study by the state Department of Transportation shows 225 miles
       of Connecticut roads are physically suited for 60 and 65 mph speed
       limits. Despite this, the governor opposes raising the speed
       limit.
     * The legislature meets through June 4.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.ctstateu.edu/state/trans.html
     * Connecticut [Unofficial] General Assembly Information (No Bill
       Info Yet)
       
   Delaware (2/18/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 60
     * Not eligible for the 65 mph speed limit.
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 50 mph.
     * Administrative action by state DOT was required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * In early January 1996, The Delaware Department of Transportation,
       after a study that began in November announced a 65 mile per hour
       limit for Delaware Rt., Dover -Smyrna Bypass and I-495 near
       Wilmington to take effect Jan. 12, 1996. The posting of signs was
       delayed until today 1/26/97 because of the weather. The 65 mile
       per hour limit is the highest posted limit Delaware has EVER had.
       The higher limit was rejected for I-95 due to "congestion". They
       will re- examine the issue in one year so see if the new limit
       caused more accidents. For some reason they did not realize that
       the higher limit might just REDUCE congestion on heavily traveled
       I-95. The other 4 lane roads will remain at 55 for the time being.
     * (2/18/97) According to Denise Gregory of the Delaware Department
       of Transportation saying that legislation on further speed limit
       increases are soon approaching for the First State.
     * Delaware's State Government (No Leg Info Yet)
       
   Florida (5/23/97)
     * News Summary: Some more portions of I-95 are going up from 55 to
       65, and others from 65 to 70.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 29, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * Florida law allows increases to 70 mph on case-by-case basis
     * Effective April 8th, 1996 the speed limit on I-10 between
       Pensacola and Jacksonville in Florida was raised to 70 mph
     * Other rural Interstate highways and rural portions of the Florida
       Turnpike will be posted at 70 mph by end of May. Florida DOT also
       says no speed limit increases are planned for urban sections of
       Interstates and the Turnpike, particularly in Dade and Broward
       counties. Some four-lane divided highways will also go to 65 by
       the end of May of 96.
     * Effective May 28, 1996 the following South Florida highways in
       Dade, Broward and Palm Beach Counties will have increased speed
       limits:
       I-75 from the Palmetto Expressway in Dade to Alligator Alley in
       Broward: 65 mph to 70.
       Alligator Alley: 65 mph to 70.
       The Homestead Extension of the Florida Turnpike from mile marker
       11, near Old Cutler Road, to mile marker 27, just north of the
       Dolphin Expressway in Dade County: 55 mph to 60.
       U.S. 27 in Broward: 55 mph to 65.
       State Road 80 in western Palm Beach County from Royal Palm Beach
       Boulevard to Belle Glade: 55 to 65 mph
     * On May 22, 1997, in Broward and Palm Beach Counties, Florida, the
       speed limit on I-95 was raised from 55 to 65 mph; this increase is
       applicable to all of I-95 in Broward County, but in Palm Beach
       County, the speed limit will remain 55 mph on I-95 from Linton
       Boulevard in Delray Beach to Northlake Road in West Palm Beach
       until current construction projects are completed. Also the 65 mph
       limit on I-95 from PGA Boulevard in Palm Beach County to Ft.
       Pierce in St. Lucie County was raised to 70 mph on May 22; these
       speed limit changes were reported in today's edition (May 23,
       1997) of the Miami Herald.
     * The Florida Legislature's Home Page (Bill Text and Status, Current
       Law)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.fl.us/
       
   Georgia (12/17/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on February 22, 1988
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * Speed limits should have go 70 on rural interstates, 65 on urban
       ones and 65 on other divided highways on July 1st, 1996 however on
       July 1 only rural interstes went up. The urban speed was to go to
       65, but the TV reports say that will stay at 55 "for the time
       being". DOT is also still trying to determine specifically which
       parts of which 4-lane divided state roads will go up. That is on a
       case by case basis.
     * Georgia DOT is raising limits on December 17, 1996 from 55 to 65
       on segments of I-75 in Cobb, Cherokee, Bartow, Henry and Clayton
       Counties; I-85 in Gwinnett, Coweta, and Fulton Counties; I-575 in
       Cobb and Cherokee Counties; I-675 in Henry, Clayton and DeKalb
       Counties; I-20 in Douglas, Cobb, Fulton, DeKalb, Rockdale, and
       Newton Counties; as well as major parts of GA 4, 6, 316, 365, 400,
       and 515. The limits should be going up starting December 17.
     * DOT engineers have been studying roads around the state and
       recommending increased speeds on some. This is the first round,
       and the study continues. Many rural four-lane roads are under
       consideration.
     * The speed limit bill was attached to a bill tightening seat belt
       laws. This bill was passed on the last day of the legislative
       session.
     * Georgia Online Network (No Leg Info Yet)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.ga.us/
       
   Hawaii
     * Has a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Never did adopted the 65 mph speed limit.
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 45 mph.
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
       
   Idaho (12/01/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 2, 1987
     * Legislative action was required to raise the speed limit.
     * On May 1, 1996 Speed Limits went to 75 mph on Interstates and 65
       on state highways both 2 and 4 lane. (Thanks to S1432)
     * Idaho Legislature (Bill Text and Status)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.state.id.us/itd/itdhmpg.htm
       
   Illinois (12/01/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 29, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT was required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * Many 55 roads went to 65 on December 8, 1995.
     * However the governor signed a bill setting two-lanes at 55 shortly
       after. He made it clear that 55 is the absolute caps for these
       roads.
     * The rural designation on interstates has been extended slightly
       sometime after the repeal.
     * Governor opposes changes but may support raising truck limits
       equal to car limits (truck limit 55)
     * Illinois General Assembly (No Bill Info)
     * State DOT Site: http://dot.state.il.us/
       
   Indiana (5/23/97)
     * News Summary: Several bills that would have raised the speed limit
       to 70 on rural interstates and 65 on rural divided highways did
       not leave the committees before the session was over. There is a
       special session but the chances of the bills getting passed in
       this session are slim.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on June 1, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * Several bills have been introduced for the 1997 legislative
       session.
     * SB 466 will raise the speed limit to 70 on rural interstates and
       65 on rural divided highways. The bill will also remove the
       separate truck speed limit.
     * HB 1077 will basically do the same as SB 466.
     * However, nether bill left the committees before the 1997 session
       was over, except for a special session. Gary Cook (D-Plymouth),
       Chair of the House Transportation Committee and a Plymouth Police
       Officer, refused to give a hearing for the speed limit hike. The
       chances of either bill getting passed in the special session are
       slim.
     * Last year, the amendment to raise the speed limit to 70 mph on
       interstates and 65 on divided state highways was scratched at the
       last minute. Fortunately the amendment to make Photo radar legal
       was also scratched. (HB 1261)
     * Indiana General Assembly (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
     * State DOT Site: http://source.isd.state.in.us/acin/dot/
       
   Iowa (3/13/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 12, 1987
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * As passed by the House, SF 2140 raises speed limits on more roads
       than the Senates version of the bill. The House raises speed
       limits from 65 mph to 70 mph on interstates and on all divided
       multi-lane highways from 55 mph to 65 mph. Motor trucks, at the
       urging of the Iowa Motor Truck Association, would still be
       required to drive 65 mph. In contrast the Senate version would
       only raise the speed limit to 65 and only on interstate
       "look-a-likes". It's less than 200 miles of roadway in Iowa.
     * The Senate refused the House amendment. And the House receded from
       its amendment and sent the bill (SF 2140) back to the Senate as
       part of deal to get the Transportation budget (HF 2421) moving.
       The bill passed the Senate and now is awaiting the Governor
       signature.
     * Apparently the bill has passed sometime in March of 96 as
       non-interstate freeways went to 65, along with the extension of
       the "rural" designation on interstates in some places.
     * A new bill, HF403 would increase the maximum limit to 70 mph. It
       was approved by the House Transportation Committee with only one
       dissenting vote, however the House voted 52-47 to reject the bill.
     * Gov. Terry Branstad says Iowa doesn't need higher speed limits,
       according to States News Service. He said more deaths would result
       if the speed limit is increased.
     * Iowa General Assembly (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
       
   Kansas (7/13/97)
     * News Summary: Some more speed limits are going up on I-70, I-635,
       and I-435.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * The Kansas Turnpike was once set a 80 mph but was then lowered to
       75 mph some time around 1970.
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 14, 1987
     * Kansas limits on March 21st went up to 70 on separated multilane
       highways (including interstates) and 60 on all other highways
       however they can be raised to 65 if it is deemed necessary based
       on a traffic study. With no day/night or car/truck limits. (House
       Bill 2602). The Interstates should be signed in 15 days, and other
       roads will be signed in 2-3 months from 3/13/96
     * This bill also prevents insurance companies to give surcharges and
       the DMV from suspending licenses if you're less than 10 over on an
       interstate, and less than 5 over on other roads. The state,
       however still gets your money.
     * Some more speed limits are going up on several Kansas City area
       highways. The state transportation department sets limits at what
       85 percent of drivers are going, up to the state's maximum 70 mph
       limit.
     * Limits will go up from 65 to 70 mph on I-70 from I-635 to Kansas
       70; from 60 to 70 mph on I-435 from Shawnee Mission Parkway to
       Kansas 10; from 60 to 65 mph on I-435 from Kansas 10 to the
       Missouri border; and from 60 to 65 on Kansas 10 west of I-435.
     * INK Kansas Legislative Services (Bill text, Bill Status by Sub.
       Only)
     * State DOT Site: http://proto1.dot.state.ks.us/
       
   Kentucky (3/14/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on June 8, 1987
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * They seemed to have gone home in April without raising the limit.
     * Bill SB 83 (1996 session), which passed the house and know goes to
       the senate, says The speed limit on highways in Kentucky shall be
       as follows: (1)Seventy (70) miles per hour on all interstates and
       four (4) lane limited access highways; (2)Sixty-five (65) miles
       per hour on two (2) lane limited access highways and four (4) lane
       highways that are not limited access highways; and (3)Sixty (60)
       miles per hour on all other highways.
     * Bill SB 291 (1996 session) extends this to 65mph in urban
       interstates.
     * Kentucky Legislature Home Page (Bill text Only)
       
   Louisiana (7/02/97)
     * News Summary: A Bill to raise the Speed limit to 70 mph (from 65)
       on interstates and 65 on other 4 lane (from 55) passed the House
       and Sent and the Governor has signed it into law. Speed limits
       started to go up after the forth of July and were all up by the
       middle of August.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 9, 1987
     * Administrative action by highway commission/department is required
       to raise the speed limit.
     * Currently there are 8 bills to raise the speed limit. Here is a
       summary:
   Proposed maximum speed limits
       Bill# Author Interstate 4-lane hwys 2-lane hwys.
       HB 138 TRICHE & DOERGE 80 80 55
       HB 112 WINDHORST 75 75 55
       SB 194 HEITMEIR 75 75 65
       HB 16 BRUN 70 70 70
       SB 5 CAIN 70 65 60
       SB 38 BEAN 70 70 70
       SB 39 BEAN 70 65 65
       SB 222 LANDRY 70 ?? ??
     * And there may be others however I am not sure about the exact
       status of all of them…
     * It looks like a 70 mph speed limit is very close…
     * On May 13, 1997 The House Transportation Committee voted 8-1 to
       raise the interstate speed limit to 70 mph from 65 mph. Other
       speed limits would be 65 mph on four-lane highways with medians
       and 55 mph on two-lane state roads. The proposal, SB222 by Sen.
       Ron Landry, D-LaPlace, has been endorsed by a Senate committee,
       the 39-member Senate and the House committee.
     * The issue now goes to the 105-member House committee who rejected
       an amendment by Rep. Robert Marionneaux, D-Livonia, to keep the
       speed limit at 65 mph for tractor-trailer rigs on interstate
       highways. Marionneaux said the amendment should have been added
       because it's tougher to slow down an 18-wheeler than a car.
       However, Diez said, studies have shown it's safer to keep the
       speed limit the same for all drivers.
     * The vote according to the House journal was 93-3. I think the
       Senate is scheduled to look at the bill today (July 5). An
       amendment by Rep. Robert Marionneaux-D, Livonia to keep trucks at
       65 mph on all roads failed 21-78. The three representatives voting
       against SB 222 were: Robert Faucheux-D, LaPlace, Donald Kennard-R,
       Baton Rouge, and Robert Marionneaux-D, Livonia
     * The House and Senate finally completed action on a speed limit
       increase Monday. SB222, sponsored by Sen. Ron Landry, D-LaPlace,
       has been sent to Gov. Mike Foster, who said he will sign it into
       law.
     * The new speed limit signes went up between the 4th of July and
       mid-August. Pretty much all the rural interstates went to 70. so
       far, it appears that urban interstates wento 60 except for 50 to
       55 in Baton Rouge. Most 4 lane highways wen up to 65 mph.
     * The Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development
       supports a 70 mph speed limit.
     * Unfortunately, the governor is against higher limits, since he
       "doesn't like to drive fast."
     * Louisiana State Legislature (Bill Status, Summary, and Text under
       the Senate page)
       
   Maine (9/6/97)
     * News Summary: A bill to raise parts of I-95 to 70, other parts of
       I-95 to 75, and all of I-495 to 75 mph was soundly defeated.
       Another bill which would have raised some urban interstates to 65
       also failed.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on June 12, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * A bill sponsored by Rep. Robert Cameron, R-Rumford, which would
       have required the Maine DOT to study increasing the speed limit
       from 55 to 65 mph on I-395 around Bangor and I-295 around Portland
       was defeated. Interstate highways outside the urban areas are
       posted at 65 mph. Cameron argued that maintaining an artificially
       low maximum speed limit in urban areas is needless and only serves
       as a speed trap and revenue maker for police.
     * Another bill, sponsored by Rep. Adam Mack, R-Standish was sourly
       defeated. I would have increase the speed limit to 70 mph on I-95
       below Exit ^A in Scarborough, and to 75 mph on I-95 above Exit 15
       in Falmouth. The speed limit in I-495 north of Exit 10 in Falmouth
       would have been increased to 75 mph. Opposition was,
       unfortunately, widespread. It came from the governor,
       transportation and safety officials, and others.
     * The chairman of the Transportation Panel believes that they are a
       couple of members on the committee that believe there is some
       justification for maybe increasing the speed limit on some
       stretches of highway, such as between Orono and Houlton and
       between Lewiston and Gardiner
     * The legislature meets through June 18.
     * Maine Legislative Guide (Selected Bill Info and Current Law)
       
   Maryland (8/26/96)
     * News Summary: I-95 between the Capital and Baltimore Beltway was
       going to go to 65 mph as soon as road surface improvement project
       is done which should be sometime in mid July however it look like
       the limit increase has been stalled.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 1, 1995
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * Maryland will raise the speed limit from 55 to 60-65 mph on 85
       miles of highways by the end of July of 96.
     * Some of the roads that went up to 65 include I-97 near Annapolis
       and I-83 north of Shawan Road. Some of the secments that went to
       60 include I-70 and I-68 near the intersection of the two, I-83
       from Shawan Road to 695, and US-50 from I-97 to US 301. (I am not
       sure I-70 from 29 to 695 went up as it was proposed).
     * State officials said they may increase some of the new 60 mph
       limits to 65 on some routes if traffic seems to move safely at 60.
       They also expect to introduce more 60 or 65 mph speed zones next
       spring, possibly on stretches of Route 50 on the Eastern Shore.
     * According to the MD DOT I-95 between the Capital and Baltimore
       Beltway is going to go to 65 mph as soon as road surface
       improvement project is done. This should be sometime in mid July.
       There is talk of increasing the 60 secment of US 50 to to 65
       (Importent Note: the signes themselves are 65 with a 0 stuck over
       the 5 for US 50).
     * Current law allows MD DOT to set the speed limit to 65 mph on all
       freeways and 55 mph elsewhere.
     * Maryland's Legislative Branch (No Bill Info)
     * State DOT Site:
       http://www.inform.umd.edu/UMS+State/MDResources/MDOT
       
   Massachusetts
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 65
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on January 5, 1992
     * Legislative action was required to raise the speed limit.
     * Effective January 29, 1996, the speed limit will rise to 65 mph on
       over 400 miles of divided highways. Some affected routes are the
       entire Mass. Pike west of Route 128, and Interstate 190 between
       Worcester and Route 2 in Legislator.
     * The Great and General Court (Bill Status Only)
       
   Michigan (7/3/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on November 29, 1987
     * Legislative action was required to raise the speed limit.
     * Most 55 MPH roads become 65 on the weekend of June 29 and 40th.
     * On Aug 1 of 96 the following sections of road went to 70 MPH for
       testing (see below for more info): I-94 between M-59 and Port
       Huron; I-69 between the Indiana border and Port Huron; I-96
       between Muskegon and Lansing; I-75 from Standish to the Soo; and
       US 131 from Grand Rapids to Cadillac.
     * The 70 MPH test on portions of state freeways ended October 31st.
       Now MDOT has until December 15th to present their "findings" to
       the legislature. Then the legislature has until January 1st to
       vote on the issue. It is unclear if the number of freeways posted
       at 70 can be increased.
     * The Results are in! Most freeways will go to 70 MPH on January 1,
       1997. See the Press Release for more info.
     * Currently trucks and buses are still limited to 55 on all
       highways. However, it repeal should happen in the near future,
       since the truckers have a more powerful lobby than the NMA does
       and also a 15 mph differential is just pure dangerous.
     * Senate substitute for HB-5123 successfully passed both the Senate
       and the House and was signed into law on 6/27/96. The more
       significant points are as follows:
       1) By July 1, MDOT in "consultation" with MSP establishes five
       test segments with speed limits of 70. The test ends September 30
       and the "study" completed by November 15. Then, MDOT sets
       permanent speed limits of 70 mph based on the results no later
       than January 1, 1997. (The allowing of test zones to 75mph was
       scratched)
       2) Speed limits on the remaining freeways are raised to 65-mph
       immediately, with the exception of up to 170 highway miles
       designated by MDOT at less than 65-mph.
       3) Fines for speeding--but not points--are doubled in construction
       and school zones. (Unsure if this is still included)
       4) Insurance companies may not consider speeding violations of up
       to 10-mph over a 55-mph limit on a limited access highway for
       eligibility or premiums.
       5) Primary enforcement of seatbelt laws NOT included.
     * Also, Governor Engler now perceives that "public opinion" now
       supports higher speed limits! This is a big success for Michigan
       Motorists and the National Motorist Association. Without all of
       our letters and phone calls 70 would never have happened.
     * For more info see the Michigan Motorist News page put out by the
       Michigan Chapter of the National Motorists Association
     * Michigan Legislative Branch (No Bill Info)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.mdot.state.mi.us/
       
   Minnesota (7/02/97)
     * News Summary: The Governor has decided to sign the speed limit
       bill in spite if not getting enough money for troupers. Speed
       limit to 70 mph on rural freeways, 65 on urban ones and 65 mph on
       other divided highways. Speed limits started going up on Tuesday,
       June 24.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 65
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on June 17, 1987
     * Administrative action by transportation commissioners is required
       to raise the speed limit.
     * The Transportation Commissioner James Denn has the authority to
       change speed limits without legislative action. However, Denn says
       won't do it alone.
     * A 1997 bill, SB592 would raise the maximum speed limit to 70 mph
       on rural freeways and to 65 mph in other locations. The bill also
       would repeal the law barring the recording of speeding violations
       that are less than 10 mph over the speed limit.
     * Speed limits on almost every mile of divided highway and freeway
       in the state would be increased under a bill passed by the Senate
       on Tuesday April 22. The house passed a similar bill about a month
       ago. Under the bill speed limits will become:
       70 mph on 717 miles of rural interstates from 65 mph.
       70 mph on 913 miles four-lane state highways from 55 mph.
       65 mph on 198 miles of metropolitan interstate freeways from 55
       mph
       103 miles of divided four-lane metropolitan interstate freeways
       from 55 mph
     * The bill now goes back to the House, where legislators are
       expected to ask for a House-Senate conference committee to resolve
       differences between the two versions.
     * Unlike the Senate version, the House would not increase the limit
       on metropolitan freeways. The House bill would lift the 45 mph
       limit on the parkway-like stretch of I-35E between I-94 and W. 7th
       St. in St. Paul, placing it at 55 mph. The Senate bill would keep
       the limit at 45 mph.
     * Both the House and the Senate agreed on a bill that will set the
       speed limit to:
       70 mph on rural interstates
       65 mph on four-lane state highways (both metropolitan and rural)
       65 mph on urban interstates.
       The bill passed 40-16 in the Senate, and 120-13 in the House
     * It now awaits Gov. Arne Carlson signature. Whether the governor
       will sign the bill is unclear. Carlson has said he wants money for
       75 state troopers before he would agree to raise speed limits, and
       legislators have not decided how many extra troopers to authorize.
       Also, the governor's spokesman said Tuesday that Carlson was
       troubled by the increase in metro-area speed limits.
     * ..This is the second time in two years the Legislature has raised
       speed limits on most highways. Last year, the governor used his
       executive power to cancel speed limit increases authorized by the
       Legislature. The bill approved this week takes away that power
       unless the transportation commissioner first conducts speed and
       engineering studies of sections of highways where he intends to
       alter speed limits. The 1996 speed limit bill would have increased
       limits on rural four-lane highways to 65. This year's bill goes
       further, increasing the legal speeds on urban interstate freeways
       and four-lane highways.
     * The Governor has decided to sign the speed limit bill on July 3,
       1997 in spite if not getting enough money for troupers!
     * Speed limits started going up Tuesday, June 22, a week before they
       were planned to go up which was July 1!
     * Bill(s) to raise the speed limit to 70 mph were introduced in
       1996. However, both the House and Senate committees dropped the
       idea. The plan ran into opposition from all sides. The speed limit
       on rural interstates would have been increased to 70 mph, on urban
       interstates and other 4-lane divided highways to 65 mph, and on
       other 2 - lane highways under State jurisdiction to 65 mph during
       day time and 60 mph at night. No change would have made on
       highways under city or county jurisdiction.
     * The legislature meets through May 19.
     * Minnesota State Legislature (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.mn.us/main/mndot.html
       
   Mississippi (6/2/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 14, 1987
     * Administrative action by transportation commissioners was required
       to raise the speed limit.
     * On March 12, 1996 speed limits on Interstates went to 70 mph
       thanks to a bill signed into law on Fed 29, 1996. This bill also
       allows the Mississippi Transportation Commission to increase speed
       limits to 70 on four-lane highways and to 65 on other roads.
     * Apparently some urban interstates are now 60.
     * Mississippi State Gov. Home Pages (Doesn't appear to have Leg.
       Info)
       
   Missouri (3/18/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 1, 1987
     * Bill HB1047 was signed into law on March 13, 1996, this bill will
       set the speed limits as follows: 70 miles per hour on rural
       interstates and freeways; 65 miles per hour on four-lane divided
       expressways in rural areas; 60 miles per hour on interstate
       highways, freeways, or expressways within urbanized areas; 60
       miles per hour on two-lane numbered roads; and 55 miles per hour
       on two-lane lettered routes. The Highways and Transportation
       Commission may set the speed limit higher or lower than the
       uniform maximum speed limit if such is recommended by the
       Department of Highways and Transportation but not greater than 70
       mph.
     * Missouri General Assembly (Bill Summaries and Status)
       
   Montana (2/16/97)
     * Had no Daytime Speed limit before the NMSL
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 16, 1987
     * Went to no daytime speed limit on December 8, 1995
     * Nighttime speed limit of 65 mph for interstates, 55 for others
     * Truck (over 8,000 lbs) limit to 65mph on interstates and 60 on
       other roads.
     * Triples held to 55
     * Speeds are up about 2mph and fatalities are up slightly; however,
       MODOT feels that there is no correlation between this increase and
       the change in speed limits. The highway patrol still wants speed
       limit. The Governor too. (revenue concerns, political pressure)
       DOT says one is not warranted. Patrol very worried about staffing
       levels. DOT has decided to pay for patrol personnel to cover the
       reduced revenues, which were way down, from citations. This
       agreement runs out at end of year. They (MODOT) are very
       determined to keep the limit as is. Local judges from what I've
       heard are not dismissing too many tickets. Even though the
       officers have "no training" in what constitutes a safe speed, they
       are in court daily claiming speeds too fast for conditions. New
       quasi limit 90 mph.
     * The days of a "reasonable and prudent" speed limit in Montana may
       be coming to an end. SB 64 was introduced by Crippen, Brunce and
       is scheduled for a hearing on January 30 at 1:00 pm in the Senate.
       The bill would post a 75 mph daytime limit for intestates, 65
       elsewhere and would make speeding up to 10 mph over the limit a
       $25 fine with no points. (Representative Daryl had a similar bill
       that never got introduced) 
   However, the Senate overwhelmingly rejected establishing a 80-mph
       daytime speed limit. The February 14 vote was 41-8 against Senate
       Bill 64. The governor had asked for a 75-mph daytime limit.
     * "I went door to door during the election," Sen. Barry Stang told
       AP. "A good percentage didn't think government had any business
       interfering in how fast people want to drive." (State DOT Site)
     * Montana Legislative Branch (Bill Text and Status)
     * Montana is known for its clever way around the NMSL when it was in
       effect. It had a $5 no points daytime "energy waste" speeding
       ticket. The nighttime speed tax was and still is $70. As soon as
       the NMSL got repealed the went back to a "reasonable and prudent"
       limit. (Ref: {mt-law})
       
   Nebraska (12/01/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 27, 1987
     * On June 1, 1996 the speed limit on rural interstates went to 75
       mph, 4-laners went to 65, and 2-laners went to 60 all thanks to
       the passage of Bill 901.
     * Nebraska Legislative Documents (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
       
   Nevada (5/17/96)
     * Did not have any Speed Limit before the NMSL
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 13, 1987
     * Went to 75 mph for rural interstates and 65 for urban ones
       December 8, 1995
     * Went to 70 mph on other roads sometime after (not sure what type
       of roads this includes)
     * I-15 from the California Border to Las Vegas - 70 mph
       US 95 North of Las Vegas - 70 mph
       I-15 Northeast of Las Vegas to Arizona - 75 mph
       I-80 From Reno to Utah - variable from 55 to 75 mph
       Areas US 50 from Lake Tahoe to Ely and Utah - 65mph
       US 395 North of Carson to Reno - 70 mph
       US 95 THROUGH downtown Las Vegas is now 65 mph!
       All other interstates within any city limits - still 55 mph
     * State of Nevada (Couldn't access site)
     * State DOT Site:
       http://www.nscee.edu/unlv/Research/centers/1994/page18.html
     * Nevada was the last state to give into the federally imposed
       55-mph limit in 1975 and was the first state to try to officially
       break it. In July of 1986 they upped the speed limit to 70 mph on
       a short stretch of I-80. They hoped that coupling the higher speed
       limit with a mandatory seat-belt requirement would induce the feds
       to exempt Nevada from the 55-mph restriction. No such luck. When
       the Federal Highway Administration promptly announced a cutoff of
       road-building funds the state just as quickly backed of. But not
       without vowing to fight: the state filed a suite against the
       Federal Government, calling it a violation of states' rights!
       (Source: Time, July 13, 1986: p 27)
       
   New Hampshire (3/23/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 16, 1987
     * Administrative action by governor is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * HB 758 Calls for raising the interstate speed limit to 75 on
       interstates and 65 elsewhere however it was rejected by the house.
     * HB 306 would also increase the maximum speed limit to 75 mph.
     * The legislature meets through mid-June.
     * The New Hampshire General Court (No Leg. Info)
       
   New Jersey (7/02/97)
     * News Summary: The two speed limit bills were combined into one
       committee substitute bill (AB 731) and it easily passed the
       Assembly Law and Public Safety committee by a 5-1 vote on Monday,
       June 9. This bill will increases the speed limit on the state's
       interstates and toll roads to 65 mph.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 60 for the most part.
     * The Atlantic City Expressway was 70 mph and parts of other
       expressways were 65
     * Never did adopted the 65 mph speed limit.
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 50 mph.
     * Administrative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * Assemblyman Guy Gregg has introduced bills to raise the speed
       limit because the administration is not moving to raise the limit
       administratively. (A-731 and A-732) However, they contain the old
       language from the pre-NMSL repeal days since they were simply
       reintroduced with no changes. They will be changed in committee to
       reflect the language now in the aforementioned senate bills.
     * Senator Dick LaRossa has also introduced two bills to raise the
       speed limit in the senate, S-1278 for state highways and S-1105
       for NJ's three toll roads. These bills contain NMA's language for
       forcing this issue on the administration.
     * The chances of NJ speed limits going up are likely thanks to the
       outcome of a assembly committee legislative hearing however
       further legislative action is are not likely until September.
     * The two speed limit bills (A-731 and A-732) were combined into one
       committee substitute bill (AB 731) and it easily passed the
       Assembly Law and Public Safety committee by a 5-1 vote on Monday,
       June 9. This bill will increases the speed limit on the state's
       interstates and toll roads to 65 mph. No one from the
       administration showed up this time and, again, there was no one
       from the public or another group that came to support the 55 mph
       speed limit.
     * However, it is questionable if the governor will sign a bill
       increasing New Jersey's speed limits.
     * NMA's approach is to call for a 65 mph statutory limit but not to
       place a maximum cap. Therefore, if 85th percentile is properly
       adopted as DOT's procedure, NJ could have 70 mph speed limits
       again, hopefully in more places.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.state.nj.us/transportation/
     * New Jersey State Legislature (Bill Text)
       
   New Mexico (12/01/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 2, 1987
     * Administrative action by highway commission/department was
       required to raise the speed limit.
     * Went to 75 mph on interstates probably sometime in February.
     * 4-lane highways with shoulder are now signed at 70.
     * 2-lane federal/state highways with shoulder with shoulders are now
       signed at 65 and 2-lane Federal/state highways with no shoulder
       are signed 60 or 55 mph.
     * State of New Mexico - 1996 Bill Locator (Bill Text and Status)
       
   New York
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 65
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on August 1, 1995
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * MORE 65 in NY!!!! Well, about 40 more miles, at this time.
       Basically, those urban areas around Albany, Buffalo, Rochester and
       Syracuse that were posted 55 will be raised to 65 on or about July
       14, 1996. Actually, the signs will be up before then. It is
       important to note that the NYDOT is NOT raising the limit on these
       stretches, the NYS Thruway Authority is. This is an important
       distinction. The NY Thruway Authority is not really a state
       agency, like NYDOT, and plays by a different set of rules. So
       basically, the Authority said "plbbbt" to the Legislature and said
       65 is the way to go.
     * Inside info aside: (1) Don't be surprised if all of a sudden you
       see, in the next year, the NYDOT do the same, but as an
       "independent test". (2) Don't be surprised if you see 70mph signs
       on the Thruway in 2 years time. from NY NMA SCC
     * New York State Assembly (Bill Text and Status, Current Law)
       
   North Carolina (11/25/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on August 14, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT was required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * Transportation officials can already raise limits to 70 mph on
       interstate highways without legislators' permission. Now, about
       600 miles of N.C. interstates are set at 65 mph, and 370 miles at
       55 mph.
     * North Carolina has passed S1270 (1996), allowing the state DOT to
       raise the limit to 70 on interstates (and non-interstate freeways
       on Oct 1, 1996 thanks to a passage of a separate bill) and making
       it a misdemeanor to do 15 over or more than 80. The bill is now
       law as North Carolina is the only state in the country whose
       governor has no veto power. Once a bill is passed by both houses
       of the General Assembly, it becomes law, period.
     * On Monday, Aug 5, 1996, 206 miles of rural interstate highways
       went to 70 and 75 miles of urban interstates went to either 60 or
       65. Some of the roads that will go to 70 are I-40, I-95, and I-75.
       (See NCDOT's Press Release for more info)
     * On May 5, 1886, 165 miles of interstate highway will be signed at
       55, 29 miles will be signed at 60, 470 will be signed at 65, and
       206 miles will be signed at 70.
     * On Sept 6, 1996, SCDOT announced that 306 miles of non interstate
       freeways will go to 65 and another 33 to 60. (See NCDOT's Press
       Release for more info)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.nc.us/DOT/
     * North Carolina General Assembly (Bill Info and Status)
       
   North Dakota (3/23/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 16, 1987
     * Legislature considering increase
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * On July 1, 1996, Interstates went to 70, and US 2,83, and 281 went
       to 65 day/ 55 night. Part of these roads were 4 lane divided, part
       of them were 2 lane. Both parts went 65.
     * This was the result of North Dakota's Dep't of Transportation. The
       DOT can do so without the legislature's permission. One of the
       reason they went to 70 and not 75 was for minimal cost. Gov.
       Schafer says. Raising the limit to 75 mph would cost about $1
       million for guardrails and approaches.
     * In 1997 the House sent the Senate legislation (HB1074) that would
       raise the speed limit on all state two-lane highways to 65 mph
       during the day (although according to my info it is already 65)
       and 60 mph at night, but rejected raising the maximum speed limit
       to 75 mph.
     * The House bill is now in the Senate Transportation Committee,
       where Chairman Bob Stenehjem says he wants the maximum limit
       raised to 75 mph.
     * Apparently this bill (HB 1074) got killed.
     * North Dakota Legislative Branch (No Bill Info)
       
   Ohio (9/6/97)
     * News Summary: A bill (HB 305) which would make truck speed limits
       the same as cars was defeated 8-4 in a committee.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 15, 1987
     * Legislative action was required to raise the speed limit.
     * Ohio HB 305 was defeated 8-4 in committee. It would have allowed
       the same speed limit for cars as for trucks.
     * Another bill, which is still pending in the committee) would allow
       trucks to have the same speed limit as cars on the Ohio Turnpike
       for one year. After that, the General Assembly would decide to
       allow trucks to do 65 wherever cars can or if the limit for trucks
       reverts to 55.
     * On Feb 29, 1996 the Governor signed a bill allowing car speed
       limits to rise to 65 on freeways/interstates currently posted at
       55. The Ohio DOT must complete its studies and post signs by June
       28, 1996, on Interstates and other freeways. ODOT has until March
       25, 1997, to implement 65-mph limits on other divided highways
       that are part of the National Highway System. The bad news is that
       freeways have not returned to their pre-1974 70-mph limits, plus
       the 55-mph truck limit was retained. The good news is that other
       divided highways will get 65-mph limits, even though they only had
       50-mph to 60-mph limits before the National Maximum Speed Limit
       was imposed in 1974.
     * On around 5/24/96 I-675 around Dayton became the first Ohio
       freeway to benefit from the national speed limit repeal. Until May
       24 1996, the road had two 55 mph zones sandwiched in between three
       65 mph speed zones. It is now all 65 mph.
     * ODOT and its districts have basically decided what urban freeways
       and divided highways will receive a speed limit increase. Changes
       will be posted by July 28. See ODOT's Press Release for more info
       or see the link below.
     * Governor opposed to increases beyond 65. The Chairman of the Ohio
       House Transportation and Public Safety Committee, Rep. Samuel T.
       Bateman, Jr. would like to see 75 mph limits on rural interstates.
       It is not a guaranteed move however, since Bateman's counterpart
       in the Senate, Sen. Scott Oelslager, is not a supporter of higher
       limits and is sponsoring a bill to keep speed limits where they
       are now. Governor Voinovich does not support higher limits either.
       (Not sure on the chances of Ohio going beyond 65 now that the
       above bill has passed)
     * For a list of all speed limit changes see Planet Ohio (Your Online
       Source for Ohio Highway News & Information)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.oh.us/
     * Ohio Legislative Branch (No Bill Info)
       
   Oklahoma (2/18/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 6, 1987
     * Went to 75mph on the turnpike, 70 mph for cars on rural
       interstates and other divide highways and 65 day/55 nigh on others
       on December 15, 1995. Urban interstates are now 60 mph. Truck
       speed limit was 65 before December 15 but they are now restricted
       to 60 day/55 night. (What the pre-NMSL limit was)
     * Senate Bill 685 was passed on 2/26/96 to set the speed limit on
       interstates at 75 MPH for ALL vehicles, including all trucks.
       Minimums will be set at 55 on the turnpikes and 50 on other
       interstates. The bill also sets the speed limit at 65 on all
       2-lane roads for all vehicles, with no night restriction. This
       ends all non-uniform speed limits in the state.
     * The House added amendments to it and sent it back to the Senate.
       Final action is expected soon. Both houses agreed on bringing
       truck speeds in line with car speed limits, and removing the
       nighttime speed limits, but are bickering over what speed limit to
       set.
     * On around 6/12/96 The Senate voted to permit 75mph speed limits on
       Oklahoma's interstates recently. Senate Bill 685 was approved and
       sent to the House. It sets a 70 mph limit on four-lane highways,
       and sets a 65 mph limit for two-lane roads except county roads
       which will be capped at 55 unless the county commissioners want to
       raise it. The bill also includes language to prevent cities from
       turning remote roads into speed traps. It's unknown if the bill
       will repeal the state's night and truck speed limits.
     * (2/18/97) Oklahoma has passed HB 685, the governor has signed it
       (but I am not sure when he did), the new speed limit is 75 on all
       rural interstates. Signs have not been erected yet, and I am not
       sure as to when the new speed limit will be implemented.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/
     * Oklahoma Legislature (No Bill Info)
       
   Oregon (7/13/97)
     * News Summary: The legislature has adjourned without passing a
       speed limit increase. The Senate passed two bills but they both
       died in the House Transportation Committee. One bill would have
       raised the rural interstate limit to 75; another would have
       repealed speed limits and let the transportation department set
       whatever limits are deemed safe.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on September 27, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * The Oregon legislature meets in January 1997 (the first time since
       repeal) and is expected to take up the issue. Oregon is the only
       western state hanging on to 65 mph.
     * Oregon State Senator Randy Miller will be introducing a bill to
       raise Oregon's freeway limits sometime in early February. They
       will probably go to 75.
     * HB 2553 would repeal the 65 mph maximum speed limit and allow the
       Department of Transportation to set appropriate speed limits
     * SB 458 which has strong support, will *permit* (not require) ODOT
       to raise freeway limits, no higher than 75 (I assume it is by
       State Senator Randy Miller but I am not sure yet) raced through
       the Senate of the week of May 10, 1997.
     * However it hid a speed bump when it went to the house. The House
       Transportation Committee is refusing to pass it to the full house
       for a vote. Not even one member is willing to make a motion to
       send the bill to the House floor. The Committee Chair reportedly
       was impressed by testimony from the State Patrol suggesting that
       raising limits would require the hiring of at least 100 more
       troopers. (With a vast improvement in speed limit compliance, what
       does he suppose these new troopers will do, exactly?) Another
       Committee member (Josi) admitted that he drives over 70 mph now,
       but is afraid that if the limit were 75, he'd drive 80.
     * SB458 still appears to be stuck in the House Transportation
       Committee.
     * The Senate Committee on Rules and Elections introduced SB1218 June
       9 to repeal the speed limit on rural interstates. It also allows
       the Department of Transportation to set speed limits on other
       roads. It is not clear from reading the bill whether the DOT would
       be able to set a reasonable speed limit on rural interstates, or
       whether there would be no speed limit. It passed through the
       senate shortly after.
     * However, it never made it past the House Transportation Committee.
       Not a single member was willing to vote for it.
     * Oregon is the only state in the West to hold onto the old 65 mph
       limits, while the rest have shown that increasing limits doesn't
       increase actual speeds.
     * Unfortunate the the legislature has adjourned without passing a
       speed limit increase. The House didn't even vote on either bill
       that passed through the senate.
     * The ODOT proposed plan sets rural interstates at 70 mph, and urban
       at 60 mph.
     * Hearings and a vote have not yet been scheduled.
     * The Oregon Legislature gopher server (Text of Bills but doesn't
       include an index).
     * State DOT Site: gopher://gopher.odot.state.or.us/
       
   Pennsylvania (4/27/96) 
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 65
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 15, 1995
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * Transportation Secretary Bradley L. Mallory today authorized the
       Pennsylvania Department of Transportation to increase the maximum
       speed limit to 65 mph on an additional 103 miles of selected,
       limited access highways across the state that could not be raised
       before the NMSL. Signs should be posted sometime in May of 96.
     * Additional 65 mph Non-Interstate Highways:
       US 15 -- from Maryland to 2.5 miles North of PA 234 (23 mi.)
       US 22/322 -- from Mifflintown Exit to one miles west of the Amity
       Hall Interchange (32 mi.)
       US 119 -- from US 422 to PA 110 (6 mi.)
       US 220 -- from Salona Exit to PA 287 (17 mi.)
       US 222 -- from US 30 to the Brownstown Exit (3 mi.)
       US 422 -- from PA 6422 to the Pikes Peak Exit (13 mi.)
       US 422 -- from PA 60 to Ellwood Road (5 mi.)
       PA 43 -- from the US 40 to near I-70 (4 mi.)
     * A PADOT engineer says that the 1995 65 enabling legislation
       codified the "outside urbanized area" requirement from the old
       NMSLs. Therefore, it would take additional legislative action to
       raise limits on urbanized freeways. That same engineer thought
       that this might happen soon. Interestingly enough, any political
       pressure exerted during the evaluation of those additional 65
       zones FAVORED increases.
     * State DOT Site:
       http://www-penninfo.upenn.edu:1962/penninfo-srv.upenn.edu/9000/1
       1298.html
     * Pennsylvania Government (No Bill Info)
       
   Rhode Island (4/12/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 60
     * Never did adopted the 65 mph speed limit
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 50 mph.
     * Administrative action by state traffic commission is required to
       raise the speed limit.
     * On May 12,1996 the speed limit went to 65 on all of I-295 and I-95
       from the CT line to the Rt 4 interchange. The RI State Traffic
       Commission voted 4-2 just before 11 am April 12 from this
       increase. This was solely the result of the work done by our RI
       coordinator, Tom Frank. If no one else had pushed 65, the RI State
       Police's anti-65 attitude would have carried the day.
     * Rhode Island State Archives (No Leg. Info Yet)
       
   South Carolina (5/18/97)
     * News Summary: Several bills to raise the speed limit in NC failed
       to get approval before the end of the 1997 legislative session
       (April 30, 1997).
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 16, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT is required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * The higher speed limits (70 on interstates and all others, for
       1996) lost out to lawmakers' desire to go home. Senators killed
       the measure on a 30-7 vote after Senate Transportation Chairman
       John Land made it clear he wouldn't let them finish their work
       Thursday unless they did. Land, a Clarendon Democrat who has
       refused to let his committee take up the bill, said faster speeds
       could lead to more deaths on the road. He said senators need to
       study data from other states on death rates before deciding to
       raise the limits here.
     * The state Transportation Department already has studied speed
       limits and recommended letting motorists drive 70 mph on
       interstate highways in sparsely populated areas, 65 mph in
       metropolitan areas and 60 mph on other multilane divided highways
       in rural areas.
     * A spokeswoman said Gov. David Beasley's staff was looking into
       whether he could raise the speed limits himself. Beasley punted
       the issue to lawmakers last year after Congress abolished federal
       speed limits. (From a News Article in May, 1996)
     * State Senator John Land, the roadblock for 70 mph in South
       Carolina last year, was re-elected in November of 96. Here is his
       homepage, with e-mail, snail mail, and phone info.
       http://www.lpitr.state.sc.us/sdist36.htm . He's been in the senate
       since 1977.
     * However, several bills got introduced for the 1997 Legislative
       Session:
     * GB 3150 would allow speed limits to be 70 on freeways, and 60 on
       other divided highways.
     * GB 3173 would allow the speed limit to be 70 mph on portions of
       the interstate highway system.
     * CR 3232 would make the maximum speed limit along Interstate
       Highway 77 between Exits 22 and 77 is seventy miles an hour.
     * Unfortunately all of these bills failed to get approval before the
       end of the legislative session (April 30, 1997). This means they
       will be reintroduced next year.
     * South Carolina General Assembly (Bill Text and Status)
       
   South Dakota (7/8/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 15, 1987
     * The speed limit on Interstates went to 75 on April 1, 1996.
     * The speed limit for all STATE and U.S. highways other than the
       Interstates is 65 MPH; however, Counties are authorized to either
       raise County road speed limits OR maintain the original speed
       limit of 55. This was done, in part, due to the factors of road
       wear AND slow-moving traffic (e.g. farm equipment) on such roads.
     * Trucks are still limited to 65 on interstates and 55 on others.
     * State DOT Site:
       http://www.state.sd.us/state/executive/dot/dot.html
     * Legislative Research Council (No Bill Info Yet)
       
   Tennessee (5/18/97)
     * News Summary: With Gov. Don Sundquist applying pressure, state
       lawmakers have slammed the brakes on legislation to raise the
       speed limit to 70 mph on Tennessee's interstate highways.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 5, 1987
     * On around April 4, the full House has approved legislation to set
       a cap at 65 miles per hour (mph) on the speed limit for
       Tennessee's highways. The bill, that is sponsored by Rep. Ed Haley
       (R-Millington) is in response to federal action to give states
       more authority in setting their own speed limits.
     * In 1996 Tennessee safety and transportation officials will be
       looking at 840 miles of divided four-lane highways that are
       currently set at a speed limit of 55 mph to determine the safety
       factors for increasing the speed to 65 mph," said Rep. Haley "The
       legislation also effects the federally mandated speed limit in
       metropolitan areas where a 55 mph was imposed even in the outlying
       portions that may not be congested. Counties and cities would
       still have control over the speed limit in their boundaries under
       the bill."
     * Apparently some of the changes have taken effect as new limits are
       posted in some areas, in particular interstate 181 between
       Kinsport and Johnson City.
     * The Department of Transportation is expected to look at
       surrounding states as they alter their limits and come back in
       1997 with recommendations in regard to the safety of any further
       action to lift limits higher. These experts will be carefully
       considering the safety factors as they come forth with their
       report.
     * A new Bill, SB 54 would raise the maximum speed limit to 70 mph.
       It is being opposed by the state Safety Department, which claims
       speed is the top contributing factor in highway deaths.
     * A similar bill is sponsored in the House by Rep. Tim Burchett
       (R-Knoxville). Consideration of the bill has been postponed until
       April 1. The Senate should consider SB54 March 26.
     * However, With Gov. Don Sundquist applying pressure, state
       lawmakers have slammed the brakes on legislation to raise the
       speed limit to 70 mph on Tennessee's interstate highways. The
       prime House sponsor, a Republican motorcycle enthusiast from
       Knoxville, gave up on the proposal when he realized he couldn't
       muster enough votes to free his bill from a subcommittee. But
       after delaying consideration of his bill until next year, Rep. Tim
       Burchett vowed to try again then.
     * http://www.inaugural.state.tn.us/hp/sundquist/trans.html
     * Tenn. WWW Home Page (No Leg Info)
       
   Texas (9/6/97)
     * News Summary: Cites now have the option of increasing the speed
       limits for urban interstates from 55 to 70 mph under a new law
       signed into law. Some speed limits in the Houston area will be
       increased this fall. The bill which would have lowered speed
       limits from 70 to 60 on some 2 lane roads was defeated.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 9, 1987
     * Went to 70 mph on interstates and divided highways on December 8,
       1995
     * The speed limit on undivided U.S., State, farm-to-market, and
       ranch-to-market roads will go to seventy (70) as soon as signs are
       posted, which should be in early May of 1996. Nighttime speed
       limits on these roads should revert back to the pre-NMSL limit of
       65.
     * However not all Texas farm-to-market roads will stay 70. TXDOT
       will has evaluated the conditions of all FM roads and decided not
       all can handle 70. About a quarter will be 55, some will be 60 or
       65, and the rest will stay 70. See TDOT's Press Release on the
       issue for more info.
     * Trucks limit to 60 mph day, 55 night.
     * School buses limit to 50 mph
     * Texas House Bill 122 (1997) would have essentially eliminates
       separate truck limits which are currently set at 60 day/55 night.
       However, it apparently died when the Legislature adjourned. It
       won't meet again until 1999. It also would have allowed school
       busses to travel 55 MPH only on interstate highways, which is up
       from the current blanket limit of 50 MPH everywhere. It also
       leaves in place the 45 MPH speed limit for house trailers longer
       than 32 feet or heavier than 4500 lbs. House Bill 390 will
       basically do the same thing. House Bill 869 will keep the speed
       limit for trucks but raise the speed limit for house trailers to
       55 and for school buses to 55 on freeways.
       Both of these bills apparently died too.
     * Gov. Bush signed SB161. It allows the governing bodies of counties
       with more than 2.8 million people to establish speed limits of up
       to 70 mph on limited-access highways in their jurisdiction.
     * Higher speed limits will come to the Houston area this fall. The
       Harris County Commissioners Court unanimously passed a bill on the
       week of July 4th directing the county's toll authority to increase
       the speed limit on county toll roads from 55 to 70 mph for cars
       during the daytime to take advantage of this new bill. Cars will
       be limited to 65 mph at night; trucks may not drive faster than 60
       mph during the daytime and 55 mph at night. Higher limit will not
       take effect until signs are posted, and that could take until
       November 1 since the toll authority must accept bids and award a
       contract for sign replacement.
     * Speed limits on some farm-to-market and ranch-to-market roads
       would have droped from 70 mph to 60 mph during the day and go from
       65 mph to 55 mph at night under the bill, which passed the senate
       but was defeated in the house. Ogden's bill would affect two-lane
       rural roads that don't have paved shoulders and that have a
       pavement width of 20 feet or less. Many of the roads cut through
       small towns, carry slow-moving agricultural traffic, and are
       crisscrossed by low-speed side roads.
     * (5/23) The Texas DOT is holding statewide hearings on speed
       limits. Here is a listing of dates and locations.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.tx.us/
     * Texas Legislature Online (Bill Text and Status)
       
   Utah (5/22/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 21, 1987
     * Legislative action was required to raise the speed limit.
     * House Bill 29 was signed into law on Feb 29,1996. This bill sets
       the maximum speed limit at 75 mph on Interstates and 65 in other
       locations.
     * Most rural interstates went to 75 on June 1, 1996. (See UDOT's
       Press release for more info) Most urban interstates and other
       four-laners have been raised to 65 sometime between Feb 29 and Jun
       1.
     * Utah State Legislature (Bill Info and Status)
     * State DOT site: http://www.sr.ex.state.ut.us/
       
   Vermont
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 65
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 22, 1987
     * Has a 2 Lane Limit speed limit of 50 mph.
     * Administrative action by state traffic commission is required to
       raise the speed limit.
     * General Assembly Information (Bill Info, Current Law)
       
   Virginia (2/03/97)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 1, 1987
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * There is a special commission studying the speed limit issue now
       (Nov 96), and they will report to the Legislature soon. It is
       important to note that the Governor supports higher limits, so the
       time to strike is now. Remember how badly these efforts failed
       earlier this year? Make sure it doesn't happen again by writing
       your Delegate and Senator. Parts of North Carolina and Georgia are
       already posted at 70, so that should help.
     * However, it appears that the 1997 legislative session passed with
       out any speed limit bills being passed.
     * In the 1996 session The Virginia Senate Transportation Committee
       killed a bill that would have raised speed limits to 70 mph on
       some rural highways and The House voted 64-35 to kill a proposal
       allowing the Department of Transportation to raise the speed limit
       to 65 mph on all interstate highways and to 60 mph on some
       four-lane highways. Sen. Emmett Hanger, the Augusta County
       Republican who sponsored the Senate bill, said the measure is
       dead. He said senators wanted to study speed limits before raising
       them. However, a bill raising the speed limit to 65 on the Dulles
       greenway passed and is now in effect
     * Virginia General Assembly (Bill test and Status)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.vdot.state.va.us/
       
   Washington
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 20, 1987
     * Administrative action by state DOT was required to raise the speed
       limit.
     * The State announced a Speed limit increase of 70 mph on rural
       interstates and 60 mph on urban interstates on March 8, 1996.
       Crews will begin posting new speed limit signs on March 11. Even
       the state AAA praised the increase. Apparently the "rural"
       designation will be extended slightly into at least one area that
       had always been "urban."
     * By the end 1996, the WA Secretary of Transportation expects to
       propose "other" speed limit increases for state highways.
     * 60 mph for vehicles over 10,000 pounds gross weight (large trucks)
       and vehicles in combination (trucks with trailers, for instance).
     * The state has also increased sections of US 2, US 195, and SR 26
       to 60-65mph on the on the week of July 22. (Some sections were
       divided, but most sections were undivide) And US 395 between the
       two interstates to 70. See their Press Release for more info.
     * Washington Interstate Speed Limit Proposal
     * Washington State Legislature (Bill Text and Status)
     * State DOT Site: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/
       
   West Virginia (9/6/97)
     * News Summary: From August 25 to around September 6, West Virginia
       speed limits were increased from 65 to 70 on rural interstates, 55
       to 65 on most divided highways and 60 on some urban stretches.
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on April 20, 1987
     * Administrative action by the commissioner of highways is required
       to raise the speed limit.
     * Highway Commissioner Fred VanKirk has been opposed to higher speed
       limits because he says the law is too lenient on those who break
       the speed limit on interstates and other divided highways by 1-10
       mph (the penalty is a $5 plus court costs fine and no indication
       on your driving record)
     * An increase in the maximum speed limit on West Virginia freeways
       may be very near. On Monday, March 30, the house of Delegates
       passed a resolution calling on the Division of Highways to raise
       the speed limit to 70 on interstates and 65 on other four-lane
       roads. The resolution goes back to the Senate. Originally, the
       resolution only called for a study on US 50 between Clarksburg and
       Parkersburg and on US 119 south of Charleston. The Senate passed a
       65 mph speed limit for almost all four-lane roads last year. It
       will come up for a final vote sometime this week. If passed, West
       Virginia motorists would get to legally drive at 70 for the first
       time in 24 years. This would, if passed, make West Virginia the
       25th state with a speed limit of 70 or higher.
     * The Senate passed on a voice vote the House Concurrent Resolution
       requesting the Division of Highways to increase the speed limit on
       all interstates to 70 mph and on all four-lane highways to 65.
       Sen. Frank Deem, R-Wood, later asked the Senate to reconsider its
       action, but his motion was defeated by a 22-12 margin.
     * As a result of HCR 21, the state Division of Highways is now
       studying the speed limit raises it prescribes. One problem. They
       will be using radar guns to measure people's speeds.
     * The research is done and speed limits are going up this week and
       next! On August 22, West Virginia Transportation Secretary Richard
       Jemiola announced that, starting August 25, the speed limit will
       be raised to 70 on rural interstates, 65 on other rural four-lane
       highways, and 60 on certain, not all, urban interstates.
     * Thee following speed limits went up:
       Interstate 64: from 65 to 70 between exits 15 and 53; 55 to 60
       between exits 53 and 58A; 65 to 70 from the I-77 split in Beckley
       to the Virginia state line; trucks still 45 on Sandstone Mt.
       downgrades
       Interstate 68: from 65 to 70, entire length; trucks still 50 on
       Cheat Mt. downgrades
       Interstate 70: from 65 to 70 from Wheeling to Pennsylvania state
       line
       Interstate 77: from 65 to 70 from Virginia state line to exit 60;
       from 65 to 70 between exits 85 and 95; from 55 to 60 between exits
       95 and 98; from 65 to 70 between exit 102 and Ohio state line
       Interstate 79: from 65 to 70, entire length
       Interstate 81: from 65 to 70, entire length
       U. S. 19: from 55 to 65 from Beckley to Oak Hill, from
       Fayetteville to Summersville, and north of Summersville to I-79
       after 4-laning completed
       U. S. 22: from 55 to 60, entire length
       U. S. 33: from 55 to 65 from I-79 to end of 4-lane segment at
       Elkins; will be 65 as new sections built north and east of Elkins
       U. S. 50: from 55 to 65 between I-77 and Clarksburg; proposed
       Parkersburg bypass will be 65 to the Ohio state line.
       U. S. 119: from 55 to 65 south of Southridge Center in South
       Charleston to Kentucky state line
       U. S. 340 and Charles Town Bypass: from 55 to 60 on 4-lane
       segments
       U. S. 460: from 55 to 65 from I-77 to Virginia state line at Glyn
       Lyn, Virginia
     * Last year, Senator Randy Schoonover (D-Greenbrier) introduced SB
       253, which would have raised the speed limit to 70 on all rural
       interstates and 65 on all other divided and interstate highways
     * Governor Cecil Underwood has not stated his opinion on the speed
       limit issue. There is a link to e-mail him if you will follow the
       link on his name.
     * See the Raise West Virginia's Speed Limits! page for more info and
       to help get the limit raised in 1997.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.state.wv.us/wvdot/wvtrans.htm
     * Directory of West Virginia Legislators and Some Other Officials
     * State of West Virginia (No Leg. Info Yet)
       
   Wisconsin (5/16/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 70
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on July 17, 1987
     * Legislative action is required to raise the speed limit.
     * Governor Thompson signed a bill allowing 65 mph speed limits to be
       posted on certain limited-access roads, both two-lane and
       four-lane. WI DOT has been surveying the state's roads since
       December of 1995 so the changes should be made soon.
       Some of the affected roads are: US 151, I-94, I-43, I-90, US 12,
       US 41, US 16.
     * State DOT Site: http://www.dot.state.wi.us/
     * Wisconsin State Legislature (Bill Text and Status)
       
   Wyoming (5/22/96)
     * Had a Pre-NMSL Speed Limit of 75
     * Adopted the 65 mph speed limit on May 19, 1987
     * Went to 75 mph on most interstates on December 8, 1995.
     * The speed limits on Interstate 25 through Cheyenne and Casper is
       60 mph. All other Interstate speed limits are 75 mph. (There are
       no other urban areas by NMSL standards) MOST other two-lane roads
       are 65, but there are several exceptions; urban areas, mountains,
       canyons etc. Non-Interstate divided highways are 65 or lower.
     * Wyoming Legislative Services Office (Bill Text, Current Law)
       

----------------------------------------------------------------------
5) SUMMARY SUMMARY
----------------------------------------------------------------------

       Daytime Interstate Speed Limit:
# Of States | 55   60   65   70   75   80   85  None
----------------------------------------------------
Pre-NMSL       0    4    5   29   10    0    0    2
Post-NMSL      3    0   20   16   10    0    0    1

        Prevailing Speed:
                 | 60      65      70      75      None
--------------------------------------------------------
Pre-NMSL (1)     | 65-70   66-69   71-76   72-76   76-77

See a pattern here? Note how the pre-NMSL speed limits generally
equaled the speed of traffic.  Also notice how when there was NO speed
limit traffic didn't go above 80.  Something that will hopefully
comeback once the NMSL is repealed.  Notice also how only 10 states
had speed limits of 65 or less.

(1) Estimated speed.  They didn't use the the 85th percentile rule
    (prevailing speed) back them.  Source: "Pre NMSL data" {pre-NMSL}


----------------------------------------------------------------------
6) ORIGINAL SUMMARY CHART
----------------------------------------------------------------------

A ? by a field means that I or the provider is unsure of it.
A \ on the dates means I or the provider is unsure of the exact date.
A ~ After the New Speed Limits means I or the provider is unsure what type
    of roads it will apply for.
A ' After a Speed Limits means the special limit applies for all classes of
    roads.
A * After a Speed Limits means "kind of", see the Detailed List for more

    info (by cliking on the state's name).
A Speed Limit in "()" means that it is being considered
A Speed Limit in "()?" means that there is a chance of it happening but
    its not likely.
A Speed Limit in "[]" means that the new limit has yet to go into effect.
A date for the post-NMSL limits means that it is a done deal.  No date means
    I am unsure.
A %% Means the 85th percentile rule
A 00 Means a Reasonable & Prudent Speed Limit
A SD = See Detailed list (click on the states's name)
Any name in {} is a filename at my site (http://sunsite.unc.edu/rdu/)
    add .txt or .html.
A "Study" means a study is underway
A "Pos leg" means legislative action is possible or it is being considered
A "Pos" means the state is considering increases

For a detailed breakdown of any state click on its name.

            /--Action(s) required to raise speed limits
            |
            |    /--What the new limits will be now that mandate is gone
            |    |  (Rural Freeways/Divided/UnDivided//Urban Freeways)
            |    |
            |    |             /--What the old interstate daytime speed limits
            |    |             |  were before the mandate.
            |    |             |
            |    |             |       /--Date the New Limit goes into effect/
            |    |             |       |  Truck Weight
            |    |             |       |        /--Date the 65 went into effect
            |    |             |       |        |
State      |a|Post-NMSL      |Pre-55|Change |65 When| Notes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama    |g| 70/65//65     | 70   | 96/05 | 87/07 |
Alaska     |d|               | 70   |       | 88/01 |
Arizona    | | 75            | 75   | 95/12 | 87/04 |
           | |(--/65/65//65) |      |       |       |
Arkansas   |h| 70            | 75   | 96/08 | 87/04 |
           | | 65t           |      |       |       |
California | | 70/65/55//65  | 70   | 96/01 | 87/05 | Anti Speed Trap (SD)
           | | --/--/65*     |      |       |       |
           | | 55'c          |      |       |       |
Colorado   |l| 75/65/65      | 70   | 96/05 | 87/04 |
           | |(55't)         |      |       |       |
Conn.      |T|(60)           | 60   |       | NOT!  | 2 Lane Limit: 50
Delaware   |D| 65            | 60   | 96/01 | N ELG | 2 Lane Limit: 50
Florida    |D| 70/65         | 70   | 96/04 | 87/04 |
Georgia    |l| 70/65//65     | 70   | 96/07 | 88/02 |
Hawaii     |l|               | 70   |       | NOT!  | 2 Lane Limit: 45
Idaho      |l| 75/65/65      | 70   | 96/05 | 87/05 |
Illinois   |D| --/65/55      | 70   | 95\12 | 87/04 |
           | | --/--/--//65* |      |       |       |
           | | 55't          |      |       |       |
Indiana    |D| 65            | 70   |       | 87/06 |
Iowa       |l| //65*         | 75   | 96/03 | 87/05 |
Kansas     | | 70/70/65      | 75   | 96/03 | 87/05 | Was 80 on Turnpike (SD)
Kentucky   |l|               | 70   |       | 87/06 |
Louisiana  |h| 70/65//60     | 70   | 97/07 | 87/04 |
Maine      |D|               | 70   |       | 87/06 |
Mass.      |l| 65/65//65     | 65   | 96/01 | 92/01 |
Maryland   |l| //60*         | 70   | 06/07 | 95/07 |
Michigan   |l| 70//65        | 70   | 97/01 | 87/11 |
           | | 55't          |      |       |       |
           | |(70//65t)?     |      |       |       |
Minnesota  |t| 70/65//65     | 65   | 97/06 | 87/06 |
Miss.      |t| 70/--/--//60  | 70   | 96/03 | 87/04 |
           | |[--/70/65]     |      |       |       |
Missouri   | | 70/70/60//60  | 70   | 96/03 | 87/05 |
Montana    | | 00/00/00d     | None*| 95/12 | 87/04 | $5 Ticket (SD)
           | | 65/55/55n     |      |       |       |
           | | 65/60/60t     |      |  8000 |       |
Nebraska   | | 75/65/60      | 75   | 96/06 | 87/04 |
Nevada     | | 75/70/70//65  | None | 95/12 | 87/04 | Resisted 55 (SD)
N. Hamp.   |g|               | 70   |       | 87/04 |
New Jersey |a|(65)?          | 60*  |       | NOT!  | 2 Lane Limit: 50
New Mexico |h| 75/70/65      | 70   | 96\02 | 87/04 |
New York   |l| //65*         | 65   | 96/07 | 95/08 |
N Carolina |D| 70//65        | 70   | 96/08 | 87/08 |
N Dakota   |D| 70/65/65d     | 75   | 96/07 | 87/04 |
           | | 70/55/55n     |      |       |       |
Ohio       |l| --/65//65     | 70   | 96\05 | 87/07 |
           | | 55't          |      |  8000 |       |
Oklahoma   | | 70/70/65//60d | 70   | 95/12 | 87/04 |
           | | 70/65/55//60n |      |       |       |
           | | 60/60/55//60t |      |       |       |
           | | 55/55/55//55y |      |       |       |
           | | 65/50~s       |      |       |       |
           | | 75*d          |      |       |       |
           | | 75*n          |      |       |       |
           | |[75/--/65//65] |      |       |       |
Oregon     |D|               | 75   |       | 87/09 |
Penn.      |l|(//65)         | 65   |       | 95/07 |
R. Island  |T| 65            | 60   | 96/05 | NOT!  | 2 Lane Limit: 50
S Carolina |D|               | 70   |       | 87/08 |
S Dakota   | | 75/65/65      | 75   | 96/04 | 87/04 |
           | | 65/55/55t     |      |       |       |
Tennessee  | | --/65//65     | 75   | 96\07 | 87/05 |
Texas      | | 70/70/70d     | 70   | 95/12 | 87/05 |
           | | 65/65/65n     |      |       |       |
           | | //70*d        |      |       |       |
           | | 60/60/60t     |      |       |       |
           | | 55/55/55y     |      |       |       |
           | | 50's          |      |       |       |
Utah       |l| 75/65//65     | 70   | 96/06 | 87/05 |
Vermont    |T|               | 65   |       | 87/04 | 2 Lane Limit: 50
Virginia   |l|               | 70   |       | 88/07 |
Washington |D| 70/--/--//60  | 70   | 96/03 | 87/04 |
           | | --/70/65*     |      |       |       |
           | | 60't          |      | 10000 |       |
W Virginia |h| 70/65//60     | 70   | 97/08 | 87/04 |
Wisconsin  |l|               | 70   |       | 87/06 |
Wyoming    | | 75/65/65//60  | 75   | 95/12 | 87/05 |

* For Montana: Daytime only, 55 non-interstate/65 interstate night limit
* For New Jersey: The Atlantic City Expressway was 70 mph and the
  southernmost 80 miles the Garden State Parkway was posted at 65.

Actions required to raise speed limits:
a  administrative action
d  administrative action by state DOT & public safety
D  administrative action by state DOT
g  administrative action by governor
h  administrative action by highway commission/department
l  legislative action
t  administrative action by transportation commissioners
T  administrative action by state traffic commission

Post NMSL Speed Limits:
d  daytime speed limit
n  night speed limit
c  combination vehicles speed limit
t  truck speed limit
   may include combination vehicles
y  truck night speed limit
s  school bus speed limit


----------------------------------------------------------------------
7) CREDITS Etc.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Copyright (c) 1997 by Kevin Atkinson.

A service of the "Reasonable Drivers Unanimous" home page available at
http://sunsite.unc.edu/rdu/.

Special thanks to the National Coalition for the Abolition of Speed Limits
(NCASL) and the National Motorist Association (NMA) for providing a lot of
this info.  The NCASL is a newly formed group that advocates the abolition
of all speed limits except in large cities, business districts, and
residential areas.  For more information see there web page at 
http://www.missouri.edu/~c669885/ncasl.html.   The NMA is the only real
drivers rights organization in North America. They are the ones that got
the NMSL repealed in the first place. For more information see there web
page at http://www.motorists.com/ or contact them at 608/849-6000; 
nma@motorists.com or 6678 Pertzborn Road, Dane, Wisconsin 53529.

All of the information in this chart comes from offical or semi-offical
sources.

Source for Pre-NMSL speed limits: Federal Highway Administration, 1972
except for NC and NJ.

Sources for the 65 dates:
High Risk States, Table 3
Unknown Risk States, Table 4, States at Risk. AHAS Press Release, Nov13 1995.
        Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety
Unknown source from the insurance company.

Some of the sources for the post-NMSL data:
NCASL
NMA
AAA
"A state-by-state look at speed limits" by the associated press, USA Today
        Online
"DOA States" by Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety
        (http://www.saferoads.org/press/95/strisk/table2.html)






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