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Amiga FAQ (Frequently asked questions) (Part 3 of 4)

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 )
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Posted-By: auto-faq 2.4
Archive-name: amiga/introduction/part3
Last-modified: Tuesday, 9. March 1996
Posting-Frequency: ever fourth week

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
	Frequently asked questions (FAQ) concerning the Amiga. [3/4]

This is the third part of the Amiga-FAQ. It is in Ascii format to be
easily read by everyone. It is also available in AmigaGuide, Dvi and
html (for WWW servers) format as part of the Amiga-FAQ archive.
(File docs/misc/AmigaFAQ.lha on any Aminet site)

Please note the following:

  - Changes since the last posting are marked with a
	!	changed this line/section, respectively
	+	added this line
	<	removed something before this line

  - An index is at the bottom of this part. If this still doesn't help:
    E-mail me, probably I can include an answer into the FAQ.

  - Suggestions, contributions, critics and beer bottles are very
    welcome. :-) Send them to:

	    Ignaz Kellerer
	    Georg-Habel-Str. 11
      81241 Muenchen (Germany)
	    Tel. (+49) 089 / 885147


===========================(Cut here)=========================================


  1 CPU, Custom chips, RAM and other stuff
    1 What are 68EC020, 68EC030 and 68LC040?
    2 What's an FPU?
    3 Can I use a 3.5' HD in my A1200?

  2 The Operating System
    1 Can I use another Kickstart than the builtin?
    2 The Graphical User Interface
    3 What is MUI?
      1 Icon collections and Backgrounds
    4 What is the Amiga equivalent of . (Current directory)?
    5 The PIPE: queue-handler
      1 Using PIPE: in a standard AmigaShell environment
      2 The Pipe command
      3 Pipe command support in AmigaShell
      4 Quick usage guide
      5 Related things
      6 Troubleshooting
    6 ARexx, the program control language

  3 How about Graphics?
    1 What are chunky and planar displays?
    2 What is doublebuffering?
    3 What monitors will work on my Amiga 1200/4000?
    4 How do I switch between PAL and NTSC?

  4 Programming
    1 What documentation do I need as an Amiga programmer?
    2 What is CATS?
    3 Where do I get the Amiga includes?
    4 How do I become a developer?
    5 What compilers (assemblers) are there?
    6 Those never working Esc sequences!
    7 Is it possible to use AmigaBasic on the A1200?
    8 How do I localize my program?
    9 How to obtain a pointer to a console's window
    10 What are pragmas?
    11 My Compiler/Linker is complaining about missing symbol xxx.
    12 Where do I find the function xxx?
    13 The GNU C compiler: general information and installation
      1 Current Version
      2 Requirements
      3 Authors
      4 Sources for Gcc
      5 Inline Headers
      6 Amiga Libraries
      7 Installation
      8 Compiling
      9 How to get help

  5 Applications
    1 Text Editors
    2 What word processors are there?
    3 Desktop Publishing
    4 What is TeX and where can I get it?
    5 Are there any Postscript interpreters?
      1 Amiga Font Formats
      2 Frequently Requested Amiga Fonts
      3 Commercial Font Sources
      4 Non-Latin fonts on the Amiga
      5 Amiga Font Installation
      6 Amiga Font Utilities
      7 Making Outline Fonts
      8 Problems and Possible Solutions
    6 How to deal with Non-Latin texts?
      1 Japanese editors and viewers
      2 Chinese text viewers

  6 Connecting your Amiga to the world

  7 Emulators
    1 Can I run Unix on my Amiga?
    2 Is it possible to use the Amiga as X11 terminal?
    3 Is there a way to start MS-Dos programs?
    4 How to mount MsDos-formatted Syquests on Amiga

  8 Miscellaneous
    1 Is there any unix version of LhA?
    2 What are files ending with ...?
    3 Is there a Stacker-like utility to pack my hard drive?
    4 Where do I get Fish disk xxx?

  9 Where and how do I get software and other informations?
    1 Files and databases on freely distributable software
    2 A collection of tests
    3 Getting files from a FTP server
    4 Getting files from a Mail server
    5 Getting files from a mailbox
    6 The Fish PD series
      1 The Amiga Library disks
      2 The Fresh Fish CD-Roms
    7 How do I Read and write MS-Dos disks?
    8 How do I split large files?
    9 Discussing things
    10 Other FAQ's

  The Amiga-FAQ archive




  5 Applications
     This chapter offers informations about major Applications.
  5.1 Text Editors
     Text Editors are programs allowing to enter and edit unformatted
  text.  Generally, this means text that is meant to be manipulated by
  machine, rather than human. Programmers use these to enter the text for
  compilers.  Since UNIX machines don't typically have word processors,
  most text processing starts with a text editor, then is filtered
  through a page layout system (TeX, for example) to produce attractive
  paper results.
  *Commercial Products*
       CygnusEd Professional and TurboText seem to be the main contenders
       in the professional realm. The Fred Fish disks contain dozens of
       other shareware text editors. A demo version of TurboText is on
       Fish disk 445.  A very old demo of CygnusEd is on Fish disk 95
       (testament to its lasting-power). In the following some freely
       distributable editors will be discussed.
       Gnu Emacs (the "G" is not silent) comes from Unix and is probably
       the king of editors - it's huge (about 1 Megabyte), feature-packed
       (it does windows and even contains a game!) and extensible (if you
       know lisp you can write new emacs functions and bind them to any
       key combination).  On the other hand, it may be too huge, its
       feature-ladenness is imposing, and its extensibility often means
       you can't use someone else's emacs configuration. Source: Aminet
       (directory `util/gnu').
       The leaner, less configurable, non-extensible cousin to gnu emacs
       is vi (pronounced "vee eye"). Unix people like vi especially
       because you find it on *any* Unix machine. What you choose is
       personal preference, and will mark you for life. Vim is a good vi
       for the amiga, and is on Fish disk 591 or in the `util/gnu'
       directory of Aminet.
       Many Amiga programmers like DME. It's fast, fully configurable;
       menus may be created and any key may be mapped. It's much easier
       to learn DME than than Emacs or Vi. There are three different
       versions: AmokEd, DME and XDME. It's a matter of opinion which you
       prefer. (Oberon and Modula programmers like AmokEd because it's
       written in Oberon and supports AmigaOberon error messages, C
       programmers like DME or XDME.) Sources: Aminet (directory
       `util/edit'), Fish disk 776 (XDME) and 749 (AmokEd), AMOK 90.
  5.2 What word processors are there?
     A word processor is the typical application for writing notes,
  letters or reports on a computer. Unless you prepare newsletters on a
  weekly basis, your word procesor is probably your workhorse program.
  Thus choosing one you are comfortable with determines how comfortable
  you are with your computer. Word processors can offer a variety of
  features, and many can approach the sophistication required for Desktop
  Publishing (see DTP) but no one uses them for programming, for which
  text editors are more suited.
     One distinguishes between Wysiwyg programs (What you see is what you
  get) and page layout languages. Wysiwyg programs should be fast,
  comfortable and easy to use. Most people prefer them. The alternative
  is an approach that works similar to compilers. You feed text files to
  a a program that produces the layout which may be previewed on screen
  or printed. LaTeX takes this approach. See TeX. Lout is another such
  system which seems smaller, easier to learn and has full documentation
  included, but it is nonstandard.  Lout produces Postscript output. (I
  don't know if this is an advantage or disadvantage. ;-) See Postscript.
  Both programs are freely distributable.
     There are a lot of wysiwyg programs, but only commercial products:
  FinalWriter, Final Copy II, Wordworth, Word Perfect, AmiWrite,
  Beckertext II, Maxon Word and many others. I don't dare to recommend
  any.  All I can say is: Give yourself time to make a selection.
  5.3 Desktop Publishing
     These programs offer features lacking in word processors, usually
  tailored to flexible arrangement of text, but often don't provide all of
  the text manipulation that a good word processor provides. The best
  desktop publishing programs strive to provide the features of both,
  just as the best word processors strive to provide the features of
  desktop publishing programs. Microsoft Word (Mac, PC) is a good example
  of a word processing program that offers many page layout feature.
  Framemaker (UNIX, Macintosh, DOS, etc.) is an example of a desktop
  publishing system that offers most needed word processing functions. As
  yet, no Amiga program has bridged the gap, though the main word
  processors are coming close. (On the other hand, even many
  sophisticated programs don't support typesetting mathematics, tables,
  producing bibliographies, indexes, or cross-references. The page layout
  languages do, and programs like Frame are improving their support of
  such features.) Unless you need to prepare fancy newsletters or
  promotional literature, a word processing program is probably enough.
  See Word Processors.
     There are not yet any freely distributable wysiwyg desktop publishing
  systems. Commercial products are ProPage and PageStream. They have been
  playing leapfrog for the past few years. It appears that PageStream 3.0
  is about to leap ahead. A more detailed description of these products
  and their differences is welcome. Both programs' list prices are $299.
  Student discounts are available (approx 40% discount.)
  5.4 What is TeX and where can I get it?
     TeX is a very powerful wordprocessing system. It can display
  mathematical formulas or complex tables as well as function graphs,
  creates indices, contents and many other things. Its greatest advantage
  is that it is freely distributable (TeX, not the previewers and the
  printer drivers!) and that you find TeX all over the world on every
  computer family. Its greatest disadvantage is that it isn't very handy
  (works similar to a compiler) and it isn't wysiwyg. But many people
  like it. (BTW: This document is written using TeX. 8-) See Word
     There are two major implementations on the Amiga. The first one,
  Amiga-TeX, from Thomas Rockicki and Radical Eye software is commercial.
  It is said to be excellent and his owners seem to be very satisfied.
  But it costs at least 200$.
     I recommend PasTeX, a freely distributable version. People seem to
  have problems installing PasTeX, especially the font loading and
  generation (It's a quite complex program.) but I did not here anyone
  upset once it was installed. (A friend with knowledge of TeX helps
  immensely.) A few words should be said what you need:
     * 5 disks containing the TeX-compiler itself
     * 2 disks containing MetaFont
     * Nothing more Jrgen Grahn has written a short essay on how he
  personally did to make LaTeX work on his Amiga.  It's on Aminet as
     Many people ask for fonts. They are included in the MetaFont-package
  and can get compiled by you. All you need to do is setting up your
  TeX-system in the right way which is described in the documentation.
  Please note that the PasTeX disks are compressed using the program
  Zoom. (see Endings) Sources: FTP at `', directory
  `/pub/amiga/tex/PasTeX1.3' and the Fish CDs.
  5.5 Are there any Postscript interpreters?
     PostScript is a programming language designed to be used to describe
  printing on pages. Apple helped make PostScript popular by selling
  printers with built in PostScript interpreters. Many programs have
  evolved to produce PostScript programs as their output, making
  PostScript the lingua franca of printing. Until recently, in order to
  print a PostScript file, you had to have a relatively expensive laser
  printer. The development that changed this was the software PostScript
  interpreter. These programs allow your computer to interpret PostScript
  programs, and produce the matrix of dots to send to your normal
  graphics printer.
     One of the benefits of PostScript is that it is resolution
  independent.  What this means is that it can support the highest
  resolution of your device - and that you can reasonably preview
  PostScript on a low resolution screen.
     There are two free PostScript interpreters for the Amiga. Post and
  Ghostscript. Post comes as an Amiga shared library along with front
  ends for previewing to the screen and printing. This structure allows
  others to write programs that can show PostScript images on screen. In
  fact, AmigaTeX uses Post's library to support incorporation of
  PostScript into documents.  Ghostscript similarly comes in two
  programs, but not as a shared library.  Ghostscript is the rendering
  engine, and Ghostview is the front end.  Sources: Aminet (directorys
  `text/print' and `text/dtp'), Fish disk 669
  Font Concepts
     The Amiga is able to use two different concepts of fonts. First of
  all   there are the bitmap fonts. These fonts are created by drawing a
  letter   pixel for pixel onto the screen. The advantage is that they
  look good at   small sizes, but are not very good for printout. Also
  they don't look   very good when you change their size. Therefore you
  have to recreate the   font for each size. Second there are the vector
  fonts. They are created by   curves which are stored as mathematical
  formula. This has the advantage   that changing the sizes does not
  effect the output. But this only applies   for larger sizes and
  print-outs. Vector fonts also use less memory.
  5.5.1 Amiga Font Formats
    1. Agfa IntelliFont (suffix: .type or .lib) is the native font format
       on   the Amiga. You can use it in any application and it can be
       converted to the   standard bitmap format using the system
       utilities `IntelliFont'   (OS 3.x) or `Fountain' (OS 2.x).
    2. Postscript Type 1 fonts can be used within many applications, it
       can be   used in every word processor and DTP program. There are
       two versions of   the Type 1 format: Binary and ASCII (suffix:
       .pfb & .pfa). The Amiga   software uses the Binary format, but you
       can easily convert them with   TypeSmith or some PD software
       products (z.B. PFB2PFA) . In Addition to the   files mentioned
       above, there are the metrics files with the suffixes .afm   or
       .pfm. They contain information about the size (width) of the
       letters   and most programs expect this file to be in the same
       directory as the font   file.
    3. Postscript Type 3 fonts (suffix: .ps or nothing) are not often
       used on   the Amiga, but some applications do support this font
       format (e.g.    PageStream). There are also some download
       utilities from PD sources   available.
    4. Truetype fonts (suffix: .ttf) are not very common on the Amiga,
       there   is one word processor supporting this format (Wordworth
       3.0). Due to the   lower quality of the format, Amiga users tend
       to use higher quality for   their DTP, DTV and word processing...
       There are also two formats: Mac &   Windows available. The Amiga
       software is able to use the Windows format.
    5. DMF fonts is the privat format of PageStream (suffix: .dmf), since
        PageStream is the market leader in DTP programs on the Amiga, so
       this   format is very common!
    6. Bitmap fonts (suffix: .font and numbers in a directory by the name
       of   the font, sometimes .otag when converted from IntelliFont)
       were used in the   OS 1.x, but have been replaced by the  superior
       IntelliFont Format in OS   2.0. Under 2.0 or higher you still are
       able to use the bitmap fonts for   small sizes, but for printouts
       you should use the IntelliFont format or   any other vector font
       format mentioned above.
    7. Colour Bitmap fonts (same suffixes as Bitmap Fonts, but the
       numbers have   in addition a C, e.g. 35C) are also very common on
       the Amiga, they are   mainly used for DTV applications, like the
       Video Toaster and Scala.
  5.5.2 Frequently Requested Amiga Fonts
    1. First place to look for fonts is the AMINET archive. This is the
       biggest     archive of Amiga software and there you will find also
       quite a lot of     fonts. The Aminet consists of many mirrors
       around the world. Here are some     of them:
       Just log in as ftp and go to the directory
    2. Another good ftp server to look is the CICA-server:
       To this server are also some mirrors around the world available.
    3. Also a good place to look for is the following WWW server:
    4. Another good place is the Fresh Fonts I CD-ROM, there you will
       almost     certainly find some nice fonts. The CD is available from
         1. Fred Fish / Amiga Library Services (
         2. Stefan Ossowski / Schatztruhe GmbH
       The CD is for free when buying another CD from that company.
       You can also access the HTML pages on the CD under the following
  5.5.3 Commercial Font Sources
     Commercial fonts can be obtained from a number of different
  companies,   including the large font houses: Adobe, Font Haus, Font
  Company,   Bitstream, and Monotype. At these companies, fonts cost
  about $40 for a   single face, and must be purchased in packages.
  Adobe, Bitstream, and   Monotype also sell pre-designated type
  collections for slightly lower   prices.
     There are also a lot of PD reseller who have a vast quantity of
  fonts,   check out your local Amiga magazin for more information.
     Please consult the vendor list for a more complete list of vendors.
  5.5.4 Non-Latin fonts on the Amiga
     Due to the really bad information policy by C= there was actually no
   information about non-latin fonts. But still it is possible to use
  them,   without difficulty. You just have to get yourself some
  additional files.    First of all you need the non-latin font files.
  There is a large selection   of them on the Fresh Fonts CD-ROM
  mentioned above. In order to use the   non-latin font files, you have
  to get yourself the appropriate keymap   file, this will remap the keys
  on the keyboard to the appropriate letters   of the foreign alphabet,
  e.g. in order to use a Russian font, you should   set the russian
  keymap file in the preferences (via PREFS/INPUT).
     Not only that you can write with a non-latin alphabet, you can also
  localize   your workbench. How about a Greek workbench or a Hebrew
  workbench? Have a   look into the AMINET archive (mentioned above) for
  these files!
     In addition to this you can easily use Hebrew & Arabic in any word
  processor   incl. writing from right-to-left! This can be easily done
  by setting the   kerning value to negative values (like this the cursor
  moves left and not   right) and moving the characters into the negativ
  part! You can get fonts   from me with this feature!
  5.5.5 Amiga Font Installation
     The installation of Postscript, DMF and Truetype fonts is described
  by the   application that use them. Please refer to the manuals of the
  software   packages.
     The installation of IntelliFonts is very easy. Just start
  `IntelliFont'   (OS 3.x) or `Fountain' (OS 2.x) and follow the
  guidelines from within   the program.
     In order to install bitmap fonts, either copy them to the logical
  device   FONTS: or assign the directory with your bitmap fonts:
         ASSIGN Fonts: <your_directory> ADD
     Right after this you can start your application and use them. When
  using   non-latin fonts, don't forget to set the appropriate keymap
  5.5.6 Amiga Font Utilities
    1. IntelliFont
       IntelliFont is the system program by OS 3.x which lets you install
       Agfa   IntelliFonts and converts them to bitmap fonts. The program
       is located in   the drawer `SYS:System/'. For more information
       read your Workbench 3.x   manual.
    2. Fountain
       Is the preceding program to IntelliFont and comes with the now
       obsolete   OS 2.x. Please read the section about Fountain in your
       Workbench 2.x   manual.
    3. PFB2PFA
       This neat little utility lets you convert Postscript Binary files
       to   Postscript ASCII files. This is needed in order to use DOS &
       Amiga   Adobe Type 1 fonts on the Mac!
    4. CacheFont
       This great program caches the fontlist for you, in order to save a
       huge   amount of time. The program looks for all fonts available
       on the system   and creates a special cache-file on disk.
    5. TypeSmith
       This is the best font converter on the Amiga, besides this
       function it is   also a full blown font editor (see below) :-).
       The program is able to   convert between:
         1. Truetype
         2. DMF
         3. Adobe (Type 1 & 3)
         4. IntelliFont
         5. Bitmap (Amiga, Adobe, DMF)
  5.5.7 Making Outline Fonts
     This is very, very difficult. Many people imagine that there are
  programs that will simply convert pictures into fonts for them. This is
   not the case; most fonts are painstakingly created by drawing curves
  that closely approximate the letterforms. In addition, special rules
  (which improve hinting, etc.) mandate that these curves be drawn in
  specific ways. Even designing, or merely digitizing, a simple font can
  take hundreds of hours.
     The easiest way of learning how to create fonts, is to have a look at
   existing fonts and try to change some letters.
     Given that, there are two major programs used for font design on the
   Amiga, TypeSmith 2.5 ($150) and FontDesigner ($100). These programs
  will allow you to import scanned images, and then trace them with
  drawing tools.  The programs will then generate Adobe type 1, 3,
  TrueType,   AGFA Intellifont, DMF and Bitmap fonts for either the
  Amiga, the Macintosh   or the IBM PC. They will also generate automatic
  hinting. They also open   previously constructed outline fonts,
  allowing them to be modified, or   converted into another format.
     As far as I know, there are no shareware programs that allows you to
   generate outline fonts.
     There are also two programs for creating bitmap fonts. Personal Fonts
   Maker and Calligrapher. The second one has not been updated for
  several   years, but it still is a good tool to work with. The first
  Program was   created by adding some features to a good bitmap paint
  program (Personal   Paint).
     There are some shareware tools to create bitmap fonts which you can
  convert to outline (vector) fonts with TypeSmith.
  5.5.8 Problems and Possible Solutions
    1. Pagestream does not recognize your newly installed font.
       This happens when you have two fonts with the same ID. The
       solution is   to load such a font into a font editor and enter a
       new ID for one of the   fonts. Still it might happen that you
       choose another one, that has already   been used by!
    2. Your application does not find the IntelliFont.
       This happens when you haven't set the locigal device FONTS: to
       your drawer.    You can change this by typing the following
       command into your SHELL or add   this line to your
       `S:User-Startup' file:
              ASSIGN Fonts: <your_drawer> ADD
    3. You're using a non-latin font and the wrong characters appear when
       This happens when you forget to set the appropriate keymap file.
       Enter   the Prefs directory and start the program `INPUT'. There
       you can   choose your keymap file.
  5.6 How to deal with Non-Latin texts?
     Currently I know only programs for read japanese and chinese texts.
     Siepieau Pang (
  5.6.1 Japanese editors and viewers
     ANS (Amiga Nihongo System) version 1.0, produced by
           SoftHouse Tecnode
           102 Coupo Izumi
           1-4-5 Houya-shi
           Tokyo 202
  and distributed in Japan by MIQ Japan, Ltd. has been released in Japan.
  It offers a Japanese environment for Commodore Amiga users, is
  compatible with Amiga DOS 2.0 (works fine with version 1.3, too), and
  requires at least 1MB RAM (more recommended). ANS features Japanese
  windows/menus (these replace the English menus), 12 and 24 dot-matrix
  Japanese fonts, Jinput/Joutput (both constitute a Japanese front-end
  processor), XEDmini (a simple Japanese text editor with built-in font
  editor, and can be used as a Japanese terminal), a kana-to-kanji
  conversion dictionary for XEDmini and Jinput, Jfilter (for viewing
  Japanese files while connected to an MS-DOS console), and utilities for
  Japanese code conversion and communication. Note that XEDmini uses pcj
  (Japanese version of pcd) for communications, and that one can do binary
  uploads/downloads while working on files). I hear that it is reasonably
  priced, and very easy to use.
     JemTeX is a preprocessor that turns a Japanese text file (i.e., a
  TeX file with Japanese text) into a standard (La/Mu)TeX file.  The
  archive (zipped) comes with the jis2mf utility along with a 24-dot
  bitmapped kanji font and a program for generating kanji tables. With
  jis2mf you can make metafont files out of the bitmapped font. JemTeX
  v2.0 will compile on an Amiga using SAS/C, or on a UNIX machine using
  gcc. This program is available at the FTP site
  ( JemTeX v2.0 was written by Francois Jalbert
  ( or
     The following are PD viewers on Aminet (text/show directory)
     JIStoJi by Bart Mathias automatically identifies electronic texts
  written in Old-JIS, New-JIS, Shift-JIS, or EUC-JIS (as well as ASCII)
  and displays them on screen, or prints them to dot-matrix printers.
  Will run on Kickstart 1.3 and up.
     jmore (Japanese more) is basically a more clone that also reads
  ns-kanji (Shift-JIS) text. It opens its own hires interlaced screen and
  requires a font handler called jFontSys to be running. The archive
  includes jmore, jFontsys and the wlook/16 bitmap font.  However, you
  will also need the kanji fonts. (Aminet, `text/font/amknj16.lzh') All
  the documentation comes as Japanese text, so you need a JIS viewer to
  read the installation instructions. For your convenience, I have
  summarized the installation procedure below:
    1. Place the `wlook/16' font in your `FONTS:' directory
    2. Assign `JFONTS:' to where you unarchive the amknj16 fonts. This
       need not be the same as your `FONTS:' directory
    3. Place the file `jFont-startup' in the `S:' directory
    4. Insert the following line into your `startup-sequence':
                run >nil: jFontSys
    5. To use execute the following command
                jmore <japanese.txt>
  JISconvert by Dwight Hubbard is a japanese text conversion utility for
  Amiga computers. It supports conversion between EUC, New JIS, Old JIS,
  NEC JIS and Shift JIS. It also has options to convert half-size
  katakana to full size and repair files with ESC characters stripped. No
  installation required. Requires AmigaDOS 2.04 or newer.
  5.6.2 Chinese text viewers
     HZview (by Ji Ma) shows 8-bit Guo Biao encoded chinese text
  documents. Requires AmigaDOS v2.1 and above, and cclib.16 bitmap
  library (included).
     *NOTE*: This is a pre-release version. What the doc file does not
  tell you is that you need to do the following:
    1. Open a default public hires interlaced 1 or 2-bit deep screen
    2. The size of the file to be read is restricted to about 30K (on my
       machine, A1200, WB3.0)
    3. An FPU is required if you want to scroll the text without crashing
    4. The cclib.16 should be in the same directory as the file to be read
  Other small bugs still exist which may crash the machine.
  6 Connecting your Amiga to the world
  7 Emulators
     What? The Amiga isn't good enough? You really want it to be another
  machine?  Well, look here...
  7.1 Can I run Unix on my Amiga?
     Actually there are three Unix versions on the Amiga. All of them
  need at least 68030 (see 68EC0xx), probably a 68040 in the near future
  and seem to have problems with many hard-drive-controllers. You should
  have a good look into the documentation before installing it. Unix
  needs much resources, say at least 10Mb RAM and a 150Mb Unix-partition
  on the hard-drive.
    1. Commodore offered a System V Unix in the past. It contained TCP/IP,
       X11 and other software and seemed to make a good job, but it was
       expensive and after all Commodore has dropped developing it.
       Commodore-Unix needs a streamer because it is distributed on tapes.
    2. A Linux port is prepared. But actually there is not very much than
       the kernel. Specialists might like to use it, but it cannot be
       recommended for now. Linux is freely distributable. Sources:
       `' or `', both directory
       `/pub/Linux/MIRROR.tsx-11/680x0'.  Or `', directory
    3. NetBSD is freely distributable too. Like Linux it isn't ready for
       now, but it seems to make big steps. Most GNU software is said to
       run, especially emacs and gcc. I think it's worth to have a look
       on it. Sources: `', Directory
       `/pub/amiga/unix/NetBSD-regensburg'.  See Fish CD.
  7.2 Is it possible to use the Amiga as X11 terminal?
     Yes, it is. There are three different packages available:
     GfxBase offers a commercial version which is said to be excellent,
  but expensive. The distribution includes different window managers and
  clients.  A demo version is on Aminet. (`gfx/x11/GfxBase-X11-Demo.lha')
     AmiWin is a Shareware X11R6 product supporting AmiTCP, AS225 and
  different graphic cards. A demo version is available on Aminet,
     DaggeX is freely distributable and probably not finished yet. (It
  calls itself version 0.91.) Source: Aminet, `gfx/x11/DaggeX-0.91.lha'
  and `gfx/x11/twm_930531.lha'.
  7.3 Is there a way to start MS-Dos programs?
     PC-Task is a software only IBM-PC emulator for all Amiga computers
  allowing use of MSDOS and MS Windows 3.1 software (provided RAM/HD
  space is sufficient).  The current release is 3.1 which includes
  emulation of 80286 with MDA/CGA/EGA/VGA/SVGA, serial and parallel
  ports, mouse, two harddrives, two floppies and CDROM support.  A
  demonstration version can be obtained from aminet sites:
  `/pub/aminet/misc/emu/PCTaskDemo31.lzh'.  Author Chris Hames
  ( Publisher (
  7.4 How to mount MsDos-formatted Syquests on Amiga
     To mount a MSDos-formatted Syquest on Amiga, you need with an (DOSen)
  Adaptec-Controller the following Mount-entry in `DEVS:Mountlist': If
  your medium does have more than one partition, you need to copy the
  following Mount-Entry for every partition and give each partition
  another name (eg. SyC:, SyD:, SyE:, etc.) You don't need to change
  LowCyl and HighCyl for each partition; CrossDOSFileSystem does that
       SyC:   /* SyD:, SyE:, etc. */
               Filesystem      = L:CrossDOSFileSystem
               Device          = scsi.device
               Unit            = 2
               Flags           = 1
               Surfaces        = 1
               BlocksPerTrack  = 1
               BlockSize       = 512
               Reserved        = 1
               Interleave      = 0
               LowCyl          = 0
               HighCyl         = 524287
               Buffers         = 128
               BufMemType      = 0
               Stacksize       = 4000
               Priority        = 5
               GlobVec         = -1
               DosType         = 0x4D534800
               Activate        = 1
     For different (DOSen) controllers this entry should work, too, but
  maybe you have to adjust it. When inserted, the Syquest-270MB medium is
  (in this case) automatically mounted (as drive SyC:) and can be used
  with help of the CrossDOS-Filesystem as usual.
     Gerhard Schneider ( Andre Keller

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:11 PM