Important note: Do NOT send email to the cs.cf.ac.uk address above: it will
be ignored. Corrections and other correspondence should be sent to
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF PART 4
Q10: What introductory material on EAs is there?
Q10.1: Suitable background reading for beginners?
Q10.2: Textbooks on EC?
Q10.3: The Classics?
Q10.4: Introductory Journal Articles?
Q10.5: Introductory Technical Reports?
Q10.6: Not-quite-so-introductory Literature?
Q10.7: Biological Background Readings?
Q10.8: On-line bibliography collections?
Q10.11: How do I get a copy of a dissertation?
Q11: What EC related journals and magazines are there?
Q12: What are the important conferences/proceedings on EC?
Q13: What Evolutionary Computation Associations exist?
Q14: What Technical Reports are available?
Q15: What information is available over the net?
Q15.1: What digests are there?
Q15.2: What mailing lists are there?
Q15.3: What online information repositories are there?
Q15.4: What relevant newsgroups and FAQs are there?
Q15.5: What about all these Internet Services?
Subject: Q10: What introductory material on EAs is there?
There are many sources of introductory material on evolutionary
algorithms: background books (see Q10.1), textbooks (see Q10.2),
classical works (see Q10.3), journal articles (see Q10.4), technical
reports (see Q10.5), more advanced literature (see Q10.6), biological
background reading (see Q10.7), bibliography collections (see Q10.8),
videos (see Q10.9) and CD-ROMs (Q10.10). Information on how to get
dissertations is also given below (see Q10.11).
Conference proceedings (see Q12) are also a good source of up-to-date
(and sometimes introductory) material.
Subject: Q10.1: Suitable background reading for beginners?
These books give a "flavor" of what the subject is about.
Dawkins, R. (1976, 1989 2nd ed) "The Selfish Gene", Oxford: Oxford
University Press. [The 2nd edition includes two new chapters]
Dawkins, R. (1982) "The Extended Phenotype: The Gene as a Unit of
Selection", Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. (1986) "The Blind Watchmaker", New York: W.W. Norton.
Fogel, D. (1998) "Evolutionary Computation: The Fossil Record," IEEE
Press. Chronicles the history of simulated evolution from the early
Gonick, L. (1983) "The Cartoon Guide to Computer Science", New York:
Barnes & Noble. [eds note: features an interesting chapter on Charles
Babbage in conjunction with "horse racing forecasting", if you want
to use EAs to fullfill this task, better read this section first]
Gonick, L. (1983) "The Cartoon Guide to Genetics", New York: Barnes &
Regis, E. (1987) "Who got Einstein's Office? Eccentricity and Genius
at the Institute for Advanced Study", Reading, MA: Addison Wesley
[eds note: chapters 5, 10 and 12]
Levy, S. (1992) "Artificial Life: The Quest for a new Creation", New
York, NY: Pantheon. [LEVY92]: [eds note: read this and you will have
the urge to work in this field]
Sigmund, K. (1993) "Games of Life: Explorations in Ecology, Evolution
and Behaviour", Oxford: Univ. Press. 252 pp. Hard/Softcover avail.
Subject: Q10.2: Textbooks on EC?
These books go into the "nuts and bolts" of EC.
Goldberg, D.E. (1989) "Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization,
and Machine Learning",Addison-Wesley. [GOLD89]: (Probably the most
widely referenced book in the field!)
Davis, L. (ed) (1991) "Handbook of Genetic Algorithms", Van Nostrand
Reinhold, New York, NY. [DAVIS91]:
Michalewicz, Z. (1992) Genetic algorithms + Data Structures =
Evolution Programs", Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. [MICHALE92]:
Also second, extended edition (1994) with index. [MICHALE94]:
Koza, J.R. (1992), Genetic Programming: On the Programming of
Computers by means of Natural Selection", Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Langdon, W.B. (1998), Genetic Programming and Data Structures
Hingham, MA: Kluwer. [LANG98]:
Fogel, Lawrence (1999), Intelligence through Simulated Evolution:
Forty Years of Evolutionary Programming
Subject: Q10.3: The Classics?
Mostly older works which have helped to shape the field.
Charles Darwin (1859), "The Origin of Species", London: John Murray.
(Penguin Classics, London, 1985; New American Library, Mentor
Box, G.E.P. (1957) "Evolutionary operation: a method of increasing
industrial productivity", Applied Statistics, 6, 81-101.
Fraser, A.S. (1957) "Simulation of genetic systems by automatic
digital computers", Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 10,
Friedman, G.J. (1959) "Digital simulation of an evolutionary
process", General Systems Yearbook, 4:171-184.
Bremermann, H.J. (1962) "Optimization through evolution and
recombination". In M.C. Yovits, et al, (eds) Self-Organizing Systems.
Washington, DC: Spartan Books.
Holland, J.H. (1962) "Outline for a logical theory of adaptive
systems", JACM, 3, 297-314.
Samuel, A.L. (1963) "Some Studies in Machine Learning using the Game
of Checkers", in Computers and Thought, E.A. Feigenbaum and J.
Feldman (eds), New York: McGraw-Hill.
Walter, W.G. (1963) "The Living Brain", New York: W.W. Norton.
Fogel, L.J., Owens, A.J. & Walsh, M.J. (1966) "Artificial
Intelligence through Simulated Evolution", New York: Wiley.
Rosen, R. (1967) "Optimality Principles in Biology", London:
Rechenberg, I. (1973, 1993 2nd edn) "Evolutionsstrategie: Optimierung
technischer Systeme nach Prinzipien der biologischen Evolution",
Stuttgart: Fromman-Holzboog. (Evolution Strategy: Optimization of
technical systems by means of biological evolution)
Holland, J.H. (1975) "Adaptation in natural and artificial systems",
Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press. [HOLLAND75]: 2nd
edn. (1992) [HOLLAND92]:
De Jong, K.A. (1975) "An analysis of the behavior of a class of
genetic adaptive systems", Doctoral thesis, Dept. of Computer and
Communication Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Schwefel, H.-P. (1977) "Numerische Optimierung von Computer-Modellen
mittels der Evolutionsstrategie", Basel: Birkhaeuser.
Schwefel, H.-P. (1981) "Numerical Optimization of Computer Models",
Chichester: Wiley. [eds note: English translation of the previous
entry; a reworked edition is currently in preparation for 1994]
Axelrod, R. (1984) "The evolution of cooperation", NY: Basic Books.
Cramer, N.L. (1985) "A Representation for the Adaptive Generation of
Simple Sequential Programs" [ICGA85], 183-187.
Baeck, T., Hoffmeister, F. & Schwefel, H.-P. (1991) "A Survey of
Evolution Strategies" [ICGA91], 2-9.
Subject: Q10.4: Introductory Journal Articles?
Baeck, T. & Schwefel, H.-P. (1993) "An Overview of Evolutionary
Algorithms for Parameter Optimization", Evolutionary Computation,
Baeck, T., Rudolph, G. & Schwefel, H.-P. (1993) "Evolutionary
Programming and Evolution Strategies: Similarities and Differences",
Baeck, T., Hammel, U. and Schwefel, H.-P. (1997) "Evolutionary
computation: Comments on the history and current state," IEEE Trans.
Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 1:1, pp. 3-17
Beasley, D., Bull, D.R., & Martin, R.R. (1993) "An Overview of
Genetic Algortihms: Part 1, Fundamentals", University Computing,
15(2) 58-69. Available by ftp from ENCORE (See Q15.3) in file:
GA/papers/over93.ps.gz or from
Beasley, D., Bull, D.R., & Martin, R.R. (1993) "An Overview of
Genetic Algortihms: Part 2, Research Topics", University Computing,
15(4) 170-181. Available by ftp from ENCORE (See Q15.3) in file:
GA/papers/over93-2.ps.gz or from
Brooks, R.A. (1991) "Intelligence without Reason", MIT AI Memo No.
1293. Appeared in "Computer's and Thought", IJCAI-91.
Dawkins, R. (1987) "The Evolution of Evolvability", [ALIFEI],
Fogel, D.B. (1994) "An introduction to simulated evolutionary
optimization," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, Vol. 5:1, pp. 3-14.
Goldberg, D.E. (1986) "The Genetic Algorithm: Who, How, and What
Next?". In Kumpati S. Narenda, ed., Adaptive and Learning Systems,
Plenum, New York, NY.
Goldberg, D. (1994), "Genetic and Evolutionary Algorithms Come of
Age", Communications of the ACM, 37(3), 113--119.
Hillis, W.D. (1987) "The Connection Machine", Scientific American,
Hillis, W.D. (1992) "Massively Parallel Computing" Daedalus, winter,
121(1), 1-29. [HILLIS92]:
Holland, J.H. (1989) "Using Classifier Systems to Study Adaptive
Nonlinear Networks". In: Lectures in the Science of Complexity, SFI
Studies in the Science of Complexity, D. Stein, (ed), Addison Wesley.
Holland, J.H. (1992) "Genetic Algorithms", Scientific American,
Holland, J.H. (1992) "Complex Adaptive Systems" Daedalus, winter,
Mitchell, M. & Forrest S. (1993) "Genetic Algorithms and Artificial
Life", Artificial Life, 1(1). Also avail. as SFI Working Paper
Sims, K. (1991) "Artificial Evolution for Computer Graphics",
Computer Graphics, 25(4), 319-328
Sipper, M (1996) "A Brief Introduction to Genetic Algorithms",
unpublished guide, available from
Spears, W.M., DeJong, K.A., Baeck, T., Fogel, D. & de Garis, H.
(1993) "An Overview of Evolutionary Computation", [ECML93], 442-459.
Peter Wayner (1991), "Genetic Algorithms: Programming takes a
valuable tip from nature", BYTE, January, 361--368.
Subject: Q10.5: Introductory Technical Reports?
See also Q14 for other technical
Ficek, Rhona (1990) "Genetic Algorithms", Dept. of Computer Science
and Operations Research, North Dakota State University. An
introductory report, available from:
Hoffmeister, F. & Baeck, T. (1990, 1992) "Genetic Algorithms and
Evolution Strategies: Similarities and Differences", University of
Dortmund, Dept. of CS, SyS-1/92. Available by ftp from
Serrada, Anselmo Perez (1996) "Una introducci'on a la Computaci'on
Evolutiva". An introduction to EC in Spanish. Available from ENCORE
(see Q15.3) in file EA/papers/intro-spanish.ps.gz with an overview in
Whitley, D. (1993) "A Genetic Algorithm Tutorial", Colorado State
University, Dept. of CS, TR CS-93-103. Available by ftp from
- follow the link to Technical Reports.
Subject: Q10.6: Not-quite-so-introductory Literature?
Bock, P. (1993) "The Emergence of Artificial Cognition: An
Introduction to Collective Learning", Singapore: World Scientific.
Davis, L. (ed) (1987) "Genetic Algorithms and Simulated Annealing",
available from Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., 340 Pine St, San
Francisco, CA 94104, (415-392-2665).
Davidor, Y. (1991) "Genetic Algorithms and Robotics", Singapore:
World Scientific. ISBN 9-810202172.
Forrest, S. (ed) (1990) "Emergent Computation. Self-Organizing,
Collective, and Cooperative Phenomena in Natural and Artificial
Computing Networks", [FORREST90]:, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (Special
issue of Physica D.)
Hillis, W.D. (1990) "Co-Evolving Parasites Improve Simulated
Evolution as an Optimization procedure", [ALIFEII], 313-324.
Holland, J.H., Holyoak, K.J., Nisbett, R.E. & Thagard, P.R. (1986)
"Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning, and Discovery",
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Holland, J.H. (1992) "Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems:
An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and
Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books,
(2nd edn). Hard: ISBN 0-262-08213-6. Soft: ISBN 0-262-58111-6.
Serra, R. & Zanarini, G. (1990) "Complex Systems and Cognitive
Processes", New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Stender, J. (ed.). (1993) "Parallel Genetic Algorithms", IOS
Publishing. [Cites just about everything in the parallel GA field.
-- John Koza]
Rujan, P. (1988) "Searching for optimal configurations by simulated
tunneling", Zeitschrift der Physik B", Vol.73, 391-416.
Rudolph, G. (1994) "Convergence Analysis of Canonical Genetic
Algorithms", IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Special issue on EP.
Available by ftp from ENCORE (See Q15.3) in file:
Fogel, D. (1995), "Evolutionary Computation: Toward a New Philosophy
of Machine Intelligence", Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press. ISBN
Schwefel, H-P. (1995) "Evolution and Optimum Seeking", New York:
Wiley. ISBN 0-471-57148-2
Subject: Q10.7: Biological Background Readings?
Adams, D. with Carwardine M. (1990) "Last Chance to see...", London:
Heinemann. [David Corne: I strongly suggest you read this. Its a
report on visits to various parts of the world to see endangered
species. It is remarkably and wonderfully funny and illuminating. It
would actually be a good reference to have in any bit of the FAQ to
do with genetic diversity and/or the lack of it, or the remarkable
kinds of adaptations that can occur for the strangest reasons.]
Cairns-Smith, A.G. (1985) "Seven Clues to the Origin of Life",
Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Fisher, R.A. (1958) "The Genetic Theory of Natural Selection", New
Futuyma, D.J. (1986) "Evolutionary Biology", Sunderland, MA: Sinauer
Assoc. [eds note: the bibliography of this book is truly a treasure
Lewin, B. (1993) "Genes IV".
Lewontin, R.C. (1974) "The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change", New
York: Columbia Univ. Press.
Maynard Smith, J. (1972) "On Evolution", Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ.
Maynard Smith, J. (1978) "Optimization Theory in Evolution", Annual
Review of Ecology and Systematics 9:31-56.
Maynard Smith, J. (1982) "Evolution and the Theory of Games",
Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Maynard Smith, J. (1989) "The Problems of Biology", Oxford: Oxford
Maynard Smith, J. (1989) "Evolutionary Genetics", Oxford: Oxford
Mayr, E. (1963) "Animal Species and Evolution", Cambridge, MA:
Harvard Univ. Press.
Mayr, E. (1982) "The Groth of Biological Thought", Cambridge, MA: The
Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press.
Ridley, M. (1985) "The Problems of Evolution", Oxford: Oxford Univ.
Tort, P. Ed. (1996) "Dictionary of Darwinism and of Evolution",
Paris, France: Presses Universitaires de France. Produced by a team
of 150 international experts over a period of 10 years. Contains a
vast amount of information about what Darwinism is and (perhaps more
importantly) is not. Further information from
http://www.planete.net/~ptort/darwin/evolengl.html (in various
Watson, J.D. (1966) "Molecular Biology of the Gene", Menlo Park:
Watson, J.D., Hopkins, N.H., Roberts, J.W., Steitz, J.A. & Weiner,
A.M. (1987) "Molecular Biology of the Gene (4th edn)", Menlo Park:
Williams, G.C. (1966) "Adaptation and Natural Selection", Princeton,
NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.
Wright, S. (1932) "The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding
and selection in evolution", in: Proc. of the 6th Int'l Congress on
Genetics I, 356.
There is a *lot* of interesting material on biology and evolution in
the talk.origins newsgroup repository, available by FTP. The index of
files, available from ics.uci.edu/pub/origins/Index , lists what's
there, and includes files on Darwinism, definition of evolution,
introduction to evolutionary biology, a list of important FAQ files,
speciation, and genetic drift.
Subject: Q10.8: On-line bibliography collections?
The Big One
Jarmo Alander has compiled probably the biggest EC bibliography
around. It has 2500 entries, and is available in postscript form by
ftp from: garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/research/2500GArefs.ps.gz and also from
ENCORE (see Q15.3) in file refs/2500GArefs.ps.gz Please send any
additions or corrections to <email@example.com>
The same directory on ENCORE also contains some other bibliography
Combinations of GAs and NNs
Dave Schaffer <ds1@philabs.Philips.Com> has compiled a bibliograpy on
combinations of GAs and neural networks. About 150 entries, available
in Bib format from ENCORE (See Q15.3) in file refs/cogann.bib.gz
Jochen Ruhland <firstname.lastname@example.org> has also
compiled a bibliography on this topic. Some papers deal only with
neural networks, some only with genetic algorithms. About 300
references altogether. Some include an abstract. Available from:
We_and_our_work/papers/diplom.1.bib.gz There are plans to expand this
bibliography from time to time; the sequels will have names
Bibliography at IlliGAL
A bibliography on Genetic Algorithms compiled by David E. Goldberg,
Kelsey Milman, and Christina Tidd is available as IlliGAL Report No
92008 (see Q14), via ftp from:
GAPHD Bibliography Collection
Martyn Amos <Martyn.Amos@dcs.warwick.ac.uk> has assembled a
collection of bibliographies from various sources, tidied up the
entries and removed duplicates. The collections are as follows:
Alife.bib.gz - General Artificial Life
ICGA-93.bib.gz - Proc. International Conference on GAs (1993)
chaos.bib.gz - Chaos theory
ga+nn.bib.gz - GAs and neural networks
ga.bib.gz - General GA references
ga2.bib.gz - General GA references
parallelGA.bib.gz - Parallel GAs
theory.bib.gz - Theoretical computer science (bias towards graph
theory, stochasic modelling and pobability theory)
misc.bib.gz - Miscellaneous topics (eg. Internet)
There are about 6200 references in total, although the biggest file
by far is theory.bib, which is not directly related to EC. The
references are in BibTeX format. The files are available by FTP from
ftp.dcs.warwick.ac.uk/pub/gaphd/Bibliographies/ or by WWW from
Genetic Programming Bibliography
A collection of Genetic Programming references (and other tools) is
maintained by Bill Langdon <W.Langdon@cs.ucl.ac.uk> and is available
via anonymous ftp from cs.ucl.ac.uk/genetic/biblio/
Evolutionary Models in the Social Sciences
Edmund Chattoe <E.Chattoe@surrey.ac.uk> has set up a bibliography on
Evolutionary Models In Economics and the Social Sciences. The latest
copy of the EMSS bibliography and some accompanying notes can be
found at http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/~scs1ec/emssbib.html
GAs and Economics
Bernard Manderick <email@example.com> has compiled a
bibliography on the use of GAs in economics, and this was published
in GA-Digest, v7n4 (with some followup comments in v7n5 & v7n7).
This can be retrieved by FTP from
ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/digests/v7n4 (see Q15.1).
GAs in Control
Carlos Fonseca <firstname.lastname@example.org> has compiled a
bibliography of about 50 references on GAs in Control, and it was
published in GA-Digest, v7n18. This can be retrieved by FTP from
ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/digests/v7n18 (see Q15.1).
Learning Classifier Systems
The Learning Classifier Systems Bibliography is the largest LCS
bibliography there is. Currently about 600 entries.
A parallel GA bibliography is available via ftp from:
Andreas Uhl <email@example.com> has also compiled a parallel
GA bibliography with about 80 entries. It is available by WWW in:
John Koza <koza@CS.Stanford.EDU> has compiled an annotated
bibliography on GP, and about 60 references were published in GA-
Digest, v7n30. This can be retrieved by FTP from
ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/digests/v7n30 or from ENCORE (See
Q15.3) in file refs/gp-ref.gz
GAs and protein folding
Melanie Mitchell <firstname.lastname@example.org > has compiled a bibliography of
about 40 references on this topic, and it was published in GA-Digest,
v7n33. This can be retrieved by FTP from
ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/digests/v7n33 (see Q15.1).
GAs in Image Processing and Computer Vision
Kyeongmo Park <email@example.com> has compiled a bibliography of about
20 references on this topic, and it was published in GA-Digest,
v8n10. This can be retrieved by FTP from
ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/digests/v8n10 (see Q15.1).
GAs in telecommunications and data networks
Bhaskar Krishnamachari <firstname.lastname@example.org> has compiled the
The application of genetic algorithms to telecommunication systems: a
The application of genetic algorithms to the design and optimization
of data networks: a bibliography
Masters and PhD theses
Richard K. Belew has collected information on approximately 2600
Masters and Ph.D. theses, nominally in the area of AI. The entire
list (about 170KB) is available for anonymous FTP at:
ftp.cs.ucsd.edu/pub/rik/aigen.rpt Questions, suggestions, additions
etc. to <email@example.com>.
Subject: Q10.9: Videos?
Fogel, D.B. (1997) "An Introduction to Evolutionary Computation," for
ordering contact <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Sims, K. (1990) "Panspermia", ACM SIGGRAPH Video Review. Ordering
information from http://www.siggraph.org/publications/video-
Langton, C.G. (ed) (1992) "Artificial Life II Video Proceedings" The
Advanced Book Program of the Santa Fe Institute: Studies in the
Sciences of Complexity, Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-55492-5. [ALIFEII-
Koza, J.R. & Rice, J.P. (1992) "Genetic Programming: The Movie",
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. See GP-faq for an order form. (see Q15)
The Santa Fe Institute has produced a thirteen minute promotional
video, which includes a five minute segment discussing the Tierra
research project, illustrated with a very high quality animation
produced by the Anti Gravity Workshop in Santa Monica, CA. To obtain
the video, contact the Santa Fe Institute at: 1660 Old Pecos Trail,
Suite A, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501 (Tel: 505-984-8800, Fax:
505-982-0565, Net: <email@example.com>) or contact Linda Feferman:
<firstname.lastname@example.org> or <email@example.com>
Subject: Q10.10: CD-ROMs?
PTF for AI by CMU
Carnegie Mellon University is establishing an Artificial Intelligence
Repository to contain public domain and freely distributable
software, publications, and other materials of interest to AI
researchers, educators, and students. The AI Repository will be
accessible by anonymous FTP and Andrew File System (AFS) without
charge (See Q15.3). The contents of the repository will also be
published by Prime Time Freeware as an inexpensive mixed-media
For your information, here is a precis of the CD-ROM:
PTF for AI is a periodic collection of AI-related source code and
documentation. PTF for AI in no way modifies the legal restrictions
on any package it includes. The first issue (1-1; Summer, 1993)
consisted of an ISO-9660 CD-ROM bound into a ~100 page book. It
contained ~600 MB of gzipped archives (2+ GB uncompressed and
unpacked). Cost: $60 US.
For more information contact: Mark Kantrowitz, Archivist, CMU AI
Repository, Editor, PTF for AI. Net: <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
Tel: +1 412-268-2582, Fax: +1 412-681-5739.
AI CD-ROM by NCC
Network Cybernetics Corporation has released a new CD-ROM title, the
AI CD-ROM Revision 3 (ISBN 1-886376-01-8). This is the newest
version of an annually updated collection of artificial intelligence
programming and research tools. This ISO-9660 format CD-ROM contains
thousands of programs, source code collections, tutorials, research
papers, Internet journals, and other resources. Previous versions of
the AI CD-ROM are currently in use as teaching aids for AI-related
University courses, as research aids to computer scientists, and as a
source of advanced computer programming tools for application program
developers around the world.
The AI CD-ROM contains thousands of up to date files covering a wide
range of topics including: Fuzzy Logic, Genetic Algorithms, Neural
Networks, Expert Systems, Robotics, Machine Vision, Natural Language,
Prolog, Lisp, Embedded AI, Virtual Reality, Cellular Automata, Chaos,
Fractals, and more. The disc is divided into topical subdirectories
and each directory contains an index file with descriptive listings
of the contents. The AI CD-ROM has received good reviews in many
magazines including Byte (Jerry Pournelle, March '93) and IEEE
Computer (J. Zalewski, July '93), CD-ROM Professional and others.
The CD-ROM has a list price of $89.00.
For people wanting to see a complete listing of the CD's contents,
FTP to ftp://ftp.ncc.com/ and get the file AICD3.ZIP. The file is also
available from the Compuserve AIEXPERT forum, and the NCC dial-up BBS
at 214-258-1832. Also check out the WWW site at:
Enquiries to: Network Cybernetics Corporation, 4201 Wingren Road,
Suite 202, Irving, TX 75062-2763, USA <email@example.com>
Subject: Q10.11: How do I get a copy of a dissertation?
All US American dissertations are available from: UMI Dissertation
Information Service, University Microfilms International, A Bell &
Howell Information Company, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan
48106, USA. Tel.: 800-521-0600, or +1 (313) 761-4700
Subject: Q11: What EC related journals and magazines are there?
1. Dedicated EC Journals:
Published quarterly by: MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street,
Cambridge, MA 02142-1399, USA. Tel: (617) 253-2889, Fax: (617)
Along with the explosive growth of the computing industry has come
the need to design systems capable of functioning in complex,
changing ENVIRONMENTs. Considerable effort is underway to explore
alternative approaches to designing more robust computer systems
capable of learning from and adapting to the environment in which
One broad class of such techniques takes its inspiration from natural
systems with particular emphasis on evolutionary models of
computation such as GAs, ESs. CFS, and EP. Until now, information
on these techniques has been widely spread over numerous disciplines,
conferences, and journals. [eds note: The editorial board reads like
a who-is-who in EC.] For paper e-mail submission, use one of the
o America: John Grefenstette <firstname.lastname@example.org>
o Europe: Heinz Muehlenbein <email@example.com>
o Asia: Hiroaki Kitano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
o Ed-in-chief: Ken De Jong <email@example.com>
Please note, that submissions should be sent to one of the sub-
editors. Grefenstette and Kitano accept LaTeX or PostScript
Journal of Biological and Information Processing Sciences, Elsevier
Science Publishers, P.O. Box 1527, 1000 BM Amsterdam, The
BioSystems encourages experimental, computational, and theoretical
articles that link biology, evolutionary thinking, and the
information processing sciences. The link areas form a circle that
encompasses the fundamental nature of biological information
processing, computational modeling of complex biological systems,
evolutionary models of computation, the application of biological
principles to the design of novel computing systems, and the use of
biomolecular materials to synthesize artificial systems that capture
essential principles of natural biological information processing.
Topics: Molecular EVOLUTION: Self-organizing and self-replicating
systems, Origin and evolution of the genetic mechanism; Biological
Information Processing: Molecular recognition, Cellular control,
Neuromuscular computing, Biological adaptability, Molecular computing
technologies; EVOLUTIONARY SYSTEMS: Stochastic EVOLUTIONARY
ALGORITHMs, Evolutionary OPTIMIZATION, SIMULATION of genetic and
ecological systems, Applications (neural nets, machine learning,
IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
The IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation will publish
archival journal quality original papers in EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
and related areas, with particular emphasis on the practical
application of the techniques to solving real problems in industry,
medicine, and other disciplines. Specific techniques include but are
not limited to EVOLUTION STRATEGIEs, EVOLUTIONARY PROGRAMMING,
GENETIC ALGORITHMs, and associated methods of GENETIC PROGRAMMING and
CLASSIFIER SYSTEMs. Papers emphasizing mathematical results should
ideally seek to put these results in the context of algorithm design,
however purely theoretical papers will be considered. Other papers
in the areas of cultural algorithms, ARTIFICIAL LIFE, molecular
computing, evolvable hardware, and the use of simulated evolution to
gain a better understanding of naturally evolved systems are also
Papers must conform to IEEE standard submission guidelines which are
available in IEEE transactions (for example, see the IEEE
Transactions on Neural Networks or the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy
Systems). Those wanting to receive an author's information booklet
from the IEEE can request this at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Six (6) hard copies of the manuscript should be sent to: David B.
Fogel, Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary
Computation, c/o Natural Selection, Inc., 3333 N. Torrey Pines Ct.,
Suite 200, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
The editor-in-chief will be pleased to comment on the suitability of
other submissions at the request of the authors. Further questions
can be directed to <email@example.com>. The transactions will appear
2. Related Journals:
Published by: Complex Systems Publications, Inc., P.O. Box 6149,
Champaign, IL 61821-8149, USA.
Complex Systems devotes to the rapid publication of research on the
science, mathematics, and engineering of systems with simple
components but complex overall behavior. Try finger(1) on
<firstname.lastname@example.org> for additional info.
Published by: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358 USA.
Machine Learning is an international forum for research on
computational approaches to learning. The journal publishes articles
reporting substantive research results on a wide range of learning
methods applied to a variety of task domains. The ideal paper will
make a theoretical contribution supported by a computer
The journal has published many key papers in learning theory,
reinforcement learning, and decision tree methods. The journal
regularly publishes special issues devoted to GAs and CFS as well.
Published quarterly by: MIT Press Journals, details above.
Broadly, behavior is adaptive if it deals successfully with changes
circumstances. For example, when surprised, a hungry --but
environmentally informed-- mouse may dart for cover rather than
another piece of cheese. Similarly, a tripped-up ROBOT [eds note: not
necessarily built by Sirius Cybernetics Corp.] could get back on its
feet and accomplish a moonrock-finding mission if it had learned to
cope with unanticipated lunar potholes.
Adaptive Behavior thus takes an approach complementary to traditional
AI. Now basic abilities that allow animals to survive, or robots to
perform their mission in unpredictable ENVIRONMENTs, will be studied
in preference to more elaborate and human-specific abilities.
The journal also aims to investigate which new insights into
intelligence and cognition can be achieved by explicitly taking into
account the environment feedback --mediated by behavior-- that an
animal or a robot receives, instead of studying components of
intelligence in isolation.
Topics: INDIVIDUAL and Collective Behavior. Neural Correlates of
Behavior. Perception and Motor Control. Motivation and Emotion.
Action SELECTION and Behavioral Sequences. Internal World Models.
Ontogeny, Learning, and EVOLUTION. Characterization of environments.
Published quarterly by: MIT Press Journals, details above.
Artificial Life is intended to be the primary forum for the
dissemination of scientific and engineering research in the field of
ARTIFICIAL LIFE. It will report on synthetic biological work being
carried out in any and all media, from the familiar "wetware" of
organic chemistry, through the inorganic "hardware" of mobile robots,
all the way to the virtual "software" residing inside computers.
Research topics ranging from the fabrication of self-replicating
molecules to the study of evolving POPULATIONs of computer programs
will be included.
There will also be occasional issues devoted to special topics, such
as L-Systems, GENETIC ALGORITHMs, in-vitro evolution of molecules,
artificial cells, computer viruses, and many social and philosophical
issues arising from the attempt to synthesize life artificially.
[eds note: The editorial board reads like a who-is-who in ALIFE]
Published quarterly by: Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., Service
Center Secaucus, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, USA. Tel: (201)
348-4033, Fax: (201) 348-4505.
Evolutionary Economics aims to provide an international forum for a
new approach to economics. Following the tradition of Joseph A.
Schlumpeter, it is designed to focus on original research with an
evolutionary conception of the economy. The journal will publish
articles with strong emphasis on dynamics, changing structures
(including technologies, institutions, beliefs, imitation, etc.). It
favors interdisciplinary analysis and is devoted to theoretical,
methodological and applied work.
Research areas include: industrial dynamics; multi-sectoral and
cross-country studies of productivity; innovations and new
technologies; dynamic competition and structural change in a national
and international context; causes and effects of technological,
political and social changes; cyclic processes in economic evolution;
the role of governments in a dynamic world; modeling complex dynamic
economic systems; application of concepts, such as self-organization,
bifurcation, and chaos theory to economics; evolutionary games.
Subject: Q12: What are the important conferences/proceedings on EC?
1. Dedicated EC Conferences:
GECCO: Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference
Major international conference held anually in North America since
1999. It is organised by ISGEC (International Society for Genetic
and Evolutionary Computation) (see http://www.isgec.org ). GECCO
combines the previously separate ICGA and Genetic Programming
conferences. Covers all aspects of EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION.
The 2000 conference was held on July 8-12 in Las Vegas, USA. Details
The 1999 conference was held on July 14--17 in Orlando, Florida.
Details from http://www-illigal.ge.uiuc.edu/gecco/
ICGA: International Conference on Genetic Algorithms
Major international conference held in North America in odd-numbered
years between 1985 and 1999. Covers all aspects of EVOLUTIONARY
COMPUTATION. Since 1999, this conference has been combined with the
annual Genetic Programming conference, and titled GECCO (see above).
The 1999 conference was held on July 14--17 in Orlando, Florida.
Details from http://www-illigal.ge.uiuc.edu/gecco/
The 1997 conference was at Michigan State University, East Lansing,
USA. Details from http://GARAGe.cps.msu.edu/icga97/index.html
Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Genetic Algorithms
(1985) J.J. Grefenstette (ed) [ICGA85]: and Proc. of the 2nd Int'l
Conf. on Genetic Algorithms (1987) J.J. Grefenstette (ed) [ICGA87]:
available from Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 365 Broadway,
Hillsdale, New Jersey, 07642, (800) 926-6579.
Proc. of the 3rd Int'l Conf. on Genetic Algorithms (1989) J.D.
Schaffer (ed) [ICGA89]: and Proc. of the 4th Int'l Conf. on Genetic
Algorithms (1991) R.K. Belew and L.B. Booker (eds) [ICGA91]: and
Proc. of the 5th Int'l Conf. on Genetic Algorithms (1993) S. Forrest
(ed) [ICGA93]: and Proc. of the 6th Int'l Conf. on Genetic Algorithms
(1995) [ICGA95]: available from Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., San
Francisco (415-392-2665). <email@example.com>
FOGA: Foundations of Genetic Algorithms
Major international workshop focusing on theoretical aspects of EC,
that's usually limited to some 50 participants and is usually held
somewhere in North America. FOGA 5, however, was held in Leiden, The
Netherlands on 24-26 September 1998. Details from:
Foundations of Genetic Algorithms (1991) G.J.E. Rawlins (ed)
[FOGA91]: and Foundations of Genetic Algorithms 2 (1993) L.D. Whitley
[FOGA93]: available from Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., San
Francisco (415-392-2665). <firstname.lastname@example.org>
FOGA 3 took place in 1994. Enquires to: Darrell Whitley,
<email@example.com>. FOGA 4 took place from August 3-5 1996
in San Diego, California. Details from
PPSN: Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
Major international conference held in Europe in even-numbered years.
Covers all aspects of problem solving inspired by natural processes.
The 1998 conference was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September
27 - October 1. Information from:
http://www.wi.leidenuniv.nl/CS/ALP/ppsn98.html Further information on
all PPSN conferences is available from:
Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, (1990) H.-P. Schwefel and R.
Maenner (eds) [PPSN90]: published by Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Avenue,
New York, NY, 10010, (212) 460-1500. Parallel Problem Solving from
Nature 2, (1992) R. Maenner and B. Manderick (eds) [PPSN92]:
published by North-Holland, Elsevier Science Publishers, Sara
Burgerhartstraat 25, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The
Netherlands. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature 3, (1994) Y.
Davidor (ed.), [PPSN94]: PPSN96 was held in Berlin, September 1996.
EP: Annual Conference on Evolutionary Programming
Major international annual conference held in USA. Covers all
aspects of EC with emphasis on EP related research. The 1999
conference was held in conjunction with the ICEC (See below).
The 1997 conference was held on April 13-16 in Indianapolis. Details
from Pete Angeline <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The 1996 conference was held
on Feb 29-March 3. The 1995 conference was held on March 1-4.
Details from David Fogel <email@example.com>.
Proceedings of the 1st Annual Conference on Evolutionary Programming,
(1992) D.B. Fogel and W. Atmar (eds), [EP92]:, and Proc. of the 2nd
Annual Conf. on Evolutionary Programming, (1993) D.B. Fogel and W.
Atmar (eds), [EP93]: published by the Evolutionary Programming
Society, 9363 Towne Centre Dr., San Diego, CA 92121, Attn: Bill
Porto, Treasurer (cf Q13). Proceedings of the Third Annual
Conference on Evolutionary Programming, (1994) A.V. Sebald and L.J.
Fogel (eds), [EP94]:, World Scientific Publishers, River Edge, NJ.
CEC: Congress on Evolutionary Computation
Major international conference covering all aspects of EC. Prior to
1999 it was called the IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation
(ICEC). Since 1999 it has been titled the Congress on Evolutionary
Computation, (CEC) and is held in conjunction with the Evolutionary
Programming Conference (EP) and Genetic Algorithms in Engineering
Systems: Innovations and Applications (GALESIA). It is jointly
sponsored by the IEEE Neural Networks Council, the Evolutionary
Programming Society (EPS), and the Institution of Electrical
The eigth conference will be held in Seoul, Korea, from 27-30 May
2001. Details from http://cec2001.kaist.ac.kr/
The seventh conference was held in San Diego, USA, from 16-19 July
2000. Details from http://pcgipseca.cee.hw.ac.uk/cec2000/main.html
The sixth conference was held in Washington DC, from 6-9 July 1999.
Details from http://garage.cps.msu.edu/cec99/ . The fifth conference
was held in Anchorage, Alaska, USA, from May 4-9 1998. Details from
http://www.arc.unm.edu/wcci-98/icec.html . The fourth was on April
14-17 1997 in Indianapolis (in conjunction with EP97). The third was
on May 20-22 1996 in Nagoya, Japan, details from
http://www.bioele.nuee.nagoya-u.ac.jp/ICEC96/ . The second was on 29
Nov--1 Dec 1995 in Perth, Australia. Details from
<firstname.lastname@example.org> . The first took place in June 1994 at the
World Congress on Computational Intelligence, Florida.
Proceedings of the 1st IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation,
(1994) D.B. Fogel (ed.) (2 Volumes). Published by IEEE, 445 Hoes
Lane, PO Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331. Also, talks from
invited speakers are published in "Computational Intelligence
Imitating Life" (1994) J.M. Zurada, R.J. Marks, C.J. Robinson (eds),
Since 1999, the annual Genetic Programming conference has been
combined with the ICGA, to make GECCO (see above).
The 1998 conference dedicated to GP was held on July 22-25 at the
University of Winconsin. Details of the GP conferences can be
obtained from: http://www.genetic-programming.org or from
The first conference was held on July 28--31 1996 at Stanford
University, California. Details from:
The third European Conference on Genetic Programming was held in
Edingurgh, UK, on 15-16 April 2000. Details from
2. Related Conferences:
Alife: International Conference on Artificial Life
Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on ARTIFICIAL LIFE,
(1989) C.G. Langton (ed), Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences
of Complexity, Proc. Vol. VI, [ALIFEI]: and Proc. of the 2nd Int'l
Conf. on Artificial Life II, (1992) C.G. Langton, C. Taylor, J. Doyne
Farmer and S. Rasmussen (eds), Santa Fe Institute Studies in the
Sciences of Complexity, Proc. Vol. X, [ALIFEII]: and Proc. of the 3rd
Int'l Conf. on Artificial Life III, (1993) C.G. Langton (ed),
[ALIFEIII]: published by Addison Wesley, Redwood City, CA, USA.
Artificial life IV, was organized by Rodney Brooks, MIT AI Lab,
<email@example.com> and held on July 6-8, 1994. Proceedings edited by
R. Brooks and P. Maes. [ALIFEIV]:
ECAL: European Conference on Artificial Life
Proceedings of the 1st European Conference on Artificial life, (1991)
F.J. Varela and P. Bourgine (eds), [ECAL91]: and Proc. of the 2nd
European Conf. on ALIFE: Self-organization and life, from simple
rules to global complexity, (1993), (? eds) (? pub) [ECAL93]:
published by MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA.
ECML: European Conference on Machine Learning
Machine Learning: ECML-93, Proc. European Conf. on Machine Learning,
(1993) P.B. Brazil (ed), [ECML93]: published by Springer, New York,
ICANNGA: International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks and
Held every 2 years since 1993. The 1997 conference was on April 1-4
in Norwich, England. Details from
SAB: International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior
From Animals to Animats. Proceedings of the 1st International
Conference on SIMULATION of Adaptive Behavior, (1991) [SAB90]: J.-A.
Meyer and S.W. Wilson, ISBN 0-262-63138-5, and Proc. of the 2nd Int'l
Conf. on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, (1993) [SAB92]:, J.-A.
Meyer, H. Roitblat and S.W. Wilson (eds) and Proc. of the 3rd Int'l
Conf. on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, [SAB94]:, P. Husbands,
J.-A. Meyer and S.W. Wilson (eds) published by MIT Press, Cambridge,
SAB96 took place on September 9-13, 1996 in Cape Cod, MA USA.
Details from http://www.cs.brandeis.edu/conferences/sab96
3. Pointers to upcoming Conferences:
The Genetic Algorithm Digest
Aka "GA-Digest" always starts with a "Calendar of GA-related Events,"
i.e. a list of upcoming conferences, covering the complete field of
EAs (see Q15.1), available from http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/galist/
The Artificial Life Digest
Aka "Alife digest" always starts with a "Calendar of Alife-related
Events," that lists conferences, workshops, etc. (cf Q15)
The Evolutionary Programming Digest
Aka "EP-digest" doesn't list conferences explicitly, like the
previously mentioned ones, but carries most CFP's; that can be looked
at in the backissues folder: amazon.eng.fau.edu/pub/ep-list/digest/
Subject: Q13: What Evolutionary Computation Associations exist?
ISGEC: International Society for Genetic and Evolutionary Computation
Formed in late 1999 from the merger of the International Society for
GENETIC ALGORITHMs (ISGA) and the GENETIC PROGRAMMING Conference
organization. This society brings together the oldest society in the
field of EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION (ISGA) as well as the two largest
conferences in the field. The ISGEC should help bring a greater
sense of unity, order, and inclusiveness to the growing field of
genetic and evolutionary computation.
The ISGEC embraces all facets of its growing field, including genetic
algorithms, genetic programming, EVOLUTION STRATEGIEs, EVOLUTIONARY
PROGRAMMING, CLASSIFIER SYSTEMs, evolvable hardware, and emerging
areas including (but not limited to) immune system learning, DNA and
molecular computing, ant OPTIMIZATION, evolutionary robotics, ECHO,
Tierra, and genetic scheduling. The society and its annual GECCO
conference are dynamically structured so as to continuously and
automatically embrace new directions of research and new participants
in the field.
ISGEC is a formal membership society. Special arrangements have been
negotiated to provide the two journals Evolutionary Computation and
Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines to all members as part of
their membership. Society members will also get a significant
discount at society conferences and workshops, such as GECCO and
Information about ISGEC is available from http://www.isgec.org
EvoNet is a Europe wide network of evolutionary computing experts
that supports research and facilitates the transfer of knowledge from
academia to industry. EvoNet is funded by the European Union.
Contact details: Website: http://www.dcs.napier.ac.uk/evonet/
Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Post: EvoNet, School of Computing,
Napier University, 219 Colinton Rd, Edinburgh, EH6 8RR, UK. Tel: +44
(0)131 455 4218, Fax: +44 (0)131 455 4440
EPS: Evolutionary Programming Society
Membership is $40/year ($10/year for students with id) and also gives
you a discounted registration at the annual conference. You can also
order EP proceedings ($30/members, $45/other) from EPS.
Address: Evolutionary Programming Society, 9363 Towne Centre Dr., San
Diego, CA 92121, Attn: Bill Porto, Treasurer.
Subject: Q14: What Technical Reports are available?
Technical reports are informally published, unrefereed papers giving
up-to-date information on what is going on at research institutes.
Many later go on to be formally published in journals or at
The Clearing House for Genetic Algorithms (TCGA) at the Univ. of
Alabama (Tuscaloosa) distributes TCGA technical reports. A number of
these are now available in compressed Postscript form via FTP from:
aramis.cs.ua.edu/pub/tech-reports/ Read the file README first.
Contact: Robert Elliott Smith, Department of Engineering of
Mechanics, Room 210 Hardaway Hall, The University of Alabama, P.O.
Box 870278, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA. Tel: (205) 348-1618,
<email@example.com>, or Dr. Ron Sun <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory distributes IlliGAL
technical reports, as well as reprints of other publications; they
are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from: IlliGAL Librarian,
Department of General Engineering, 117 Transportation Building, 104
South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801-2996, USA.
NOTE: When ordering, please include your surface mail address!
IlliGAL also have an anonymous-FTP server, holding most of the
existing IlliGAL reports, at: gal4.ge.uiuc.edu/pub/papers/IlliGALs/
There is also a WWW home page with a complete list, order form, and
other information at: ftp://gal4.ge.uiuc.edu/illigal.home.html
The Systems Analysis Research Group (SyS) at the University of
Dortmund, maintains an experimental anonymous FTP server:
lumpi.informatik.uni-dortmund.de/pub/ On lumpi you can find SyS-
Reports from 1992 on. (Get "/pub/ls-Ral.Z" and look for "papers"
folders, the server is sorted by EA paradigms, i.e. "/pub/GA/papers"
contains papers related to GAs, etc.). A strongly recommended, and
quarterly updated, report is a list of current applications of GAs,
EP and ESs; get "/pub/EA/papers/ea-app.ps.gz" (SyS-2/92).
The Bionics and EVOLUTION Techniques Laboratory at the Technical
University of Berlin maintains an anonymous FTP server: ftp-
bionik.fb10.tu-berlin.de/pub/ On ftp-bionik you find reports and
software, related to EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMs and Artificial Neural
University College London Reports
A number of GENETIC ALGORITHM reports produced by UCL are available
via anonymous FTP at cs.ucl.ac.uk/genetic/papers/ Abstracts of others
can be obtained via WWW at http://www.cs.ucl.ac.uk/rns/
Other Sources of Reports
Reports are also available from some of the sources listed in Q15.1,
Q15.2 and Q15.3.
Subject: Q15: What information is available over the net?
A whole lot of information is available "electronically" via the
internet, accessible using e-mail or (more easily) FTP. There are
electronic digests (see Q15.1), electronic mailing lists (see Q15.2),
online FTP repositories (see Q15.3), and various USENET news groups
Subject: Q15.1: What digests are there?
Digests are regulated, moderated, information sources in which many
contributions are combined together before being posted out to
subscribers, usually on a regular basis (eg. weekly). Mailing lists
are listed in Q15.2.
Genetic Algorithm Digest
The GA research community exchanges news, CFP's, etc. through this
(approximately weekly) digest, currently moderated by Mitchell Potter
and Annie Wu (formerly by Bill Spears). The digest is also posted to
the comp.ai.genetic newsgroup.
o Send administrative requests to <ga-list-REQUEST@aic.nrl.navy.mil>
o The FTP archive: ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/ is maintained by
Alan C. Schultz, and contains back issues, GA-code, conference
announcements (in "/pub/galist/information/conferences") and many
other things. Info in "/pub/galist/FTP".
o The archive may also be accessed at
http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/galist Also, links are given to many
interesting sites around the World with material related to
Artificial Life Digest
This digest no longer appears to exist. In the past, the ALIFE
research community exchanged news, CFP's, etc. through this digest,
edited by Liane Gabora and Rob Collins of the ARTIFICIAL LIFE
Research Group at UCLA. Administrative requests used to go to
<alife-REQUEST@cognet.ucla.edu>, and there was an anonymous FTP
archive at: ftp.cognet.ucla.edu/pub/alife/
If anyone knows what happened to this digest, please let us know.
Evolutionary Programming Digest
This digest no longer appears to exist. In the past, the digest was
intended to promote discussions on a wide range of technical issues
in evolutionary OPTIMIZATION, as well as provide information on
upcoming conferences, events, journals, special issues, and other
items of interest to the EP community. Discussions on all areas of
EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION were welcomed, including ARTIFICIAL LIFE,
EVOLUTION STRATEGIEs, and GENETIC ALGORITHMs. The digest was meant
to encourage interdisciplinary communications.
The subscription address was <ep-list-REQUEST@magenta.me.fau.edu> The
digest was moderated by N. Saravan of Florida Atlantic University.
If anyone knows what happened to this digest, please let us know.
Subject: Q15.2: What mailing lists are there?
Mailing lists are unregulated, unmoderated, information sources in
which messages sent in by subscribers are posted out immediately and
individually to all other subscribers. Digests are listed in Q15.1.
John Holmes has a classifier systems mailing list, which can be used
to ask questions, announce papers, introduce yourself, etc. Mail
John Holmes <email@example.com> to subscribe. The list's
address is: classifier systems mailing list
Genetic Programming Mailing List
The GP community uses this list as a discussion forum, news exchange
and FAQ distribution channel, originally set up by John Koza and
James Rice at Stanford.
o Admin requests: <genetic-programming-REQUEST@cs.stanford.edu>
o The archive includes a lengthy, but "mostly interesting" FAQ by
James Rice on GP related subjects. The archive is at
repository/ai/areas/genetic/gp/faq/gp.faq (plain text) and also at
(converted to HTML).
Tierra Mailing List
Thomas Ray's Tierra is discussed elsewhere (see Q4.1); here's how to
obtain Tierra electronically and get in contact with other users.
o Admin requests: <tierra-REQUEST@life.slhs.udel.edu>
o Anonymous FTP archive: tierra.slhs.udel.edu/pub/ (tierra, almond,
UK's Evolutionary-Computation mailing list
o Admin details: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
GANN: Genetic Algorithms and Neural Networks
This list will focus on the use of EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMs (GENETIC
ALGORITHMs, GENETIC PROGRAMMING and their variants) in the
EXPLORATION of the design space of (artificial) neural network
architectures and algorithms. The list will be semi-moderated to
keep the signal to noise ratio as high as possible. (This list was
formerly known as the neuro-evolution e-mail list.)
o Admin requests/enquiries: email@example.com
o Subscription requests to the admin address with Subject:
gattbl: Timetabling mailing list
This group is for people using GAs and other techniques for exam or
course scheduling for academic institutions. To subscribe, send email
Evolutionary Models in the Social Sciences
See Q10.8 for details.
Genetic Algorithms in Production Scheduling
The GASched list is for discussion of the use of GENETIC ALGORITHMs
on Production Scheduling Problems (only). Possible subjects for the
list include: GAs for job-shop scheduling theory, GAs for practical
problem solving in industry, problem representation within the GA,
combinatorial optimisation techniques for scheduling problems,
results & effects of GA-based systems working in industry, techniques
for improving performance, problem data, or any other burning issues
which come into GAs for production scheduling.
A full introduction can be obtained by mailing
<firstname.lastname@example.org> with no subject line and 'info
gascheduling' in the body of the message.
To subscribe to the list, email <email@example.com> with the
body of the message containing 'subscribe gascheduling YOUR NAME'.
Please dont include anything else in the message, and leave the
subject empty. For help on how to use the automated software, and
some other commands which may be available in future, mail
<firstname.lastname@example.org> with 'HELP' in the body of your message,
and no subject line.
For non-standard administration requests, or if you are having
problems with the automated address, please email: <gascheduling-
email@example.com> These messages will be dealt with manually,
and so may take a couple of days for a response.
There is also a related Web site at:
There is an Autopoiesis Email List for the discussion of the theory
of Autopoiesis of H. Maturana and F. Varela. Autopoiesis means self-
production and concerns self-organizing systems.
To join send a message containing the text: SUB AUTOPOIESIS to
To see what other systems and philosophy lists exist at this site
send the message: HELP instead.
Subject: Q15.3: What online information repositories are there?
Many research institutes have online repositories of information
which my be retrieved using FTP or HTTP (World Wide Web).
NOTE: See also Q14 above.
ENCORE (The EvolutioNary COmputation REpository network) is a
collection of FTP servers/World Wide Web sites providing a wealth of
information in the area of EC, from technical reports, copies of
journal articles, down to source code for various EAs. ENCORE acts
as a distributor of much material generated at research institutes
(and other places) which don't necessarily have their own FTP
Each node of Encore is referred to as an "EClair". There are numerous
nodes around the world, all carrying copies of the same information.
The sites may be accessed using FTP or WWW browsers. Sites offering
HTTP access are the best to use if using a WWW browser. They include:
o UUnet Deutschland GmbH (Germany): http://surf.de.uu.net/encore/
o The University of Granada (Spain):
o The University of Birmingham (UK)
o The Santa Fe Institute (USA):
o The Chinese University of Hong Kong:
Other sites offer FTP access (slow if using WWW). If using FTP, omit
the initial "ftp://" and the final "Welcome.html" in the file
specification in order to access the top-level directory. The FTP
o Technical University of Berlin (Germany): ftp://ftp-
o Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France):
o The University of Oviedo (Spain):
o The Santa Fe Institute (USA): ftp://alife.santafe.edu/pub/USER-
o The California Institute of Technology (USA):
o Wayne State University, Detroit (USA):
o The Michigan State University, East Lansing (USA):
o The Chinese University of Hong Kong:
o University of Cape Town (South Africa):
o Center of Technological Education of Parana, Curitiba (Brazil):
Well worth getting is "The Navigator's Guide to ENCORE", a handbook
to this service, in file:
o handbook/encore.ps.gz (A4 paper) or
o handbook/encore-US.ps.gz (US letter size paper).
Encore is administered by Joerg Heitkoetter <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
The Santa Fe Institute
The Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity (SFI)
issues a recommended series: SFI Studies in the Science of
Complexity, published by Addison Wesley and maintains a well-sorted
FTP server with EC related material.
o Admin requests: <email@example.com>
o Anonymous FTP archive: ftp.santafe.edu/pub/
Information on SUMMERSCHOOLs held by the SFI can be obtained from:
Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA.
The Australian National University (ANU)
The Bioinformatics facility at Australian National University has set
up an anonymous FTP server, that contains EC related material,
maintained by David G. Green.
o Admin requests: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
o Anonymous FTP archive: life.anu.edu.au/pub/complex_systems/alife/
o World Wide Web: The hypermedia server offers introductory
tutorials, preprints and papers online. The URL for this service
is http://complex.csu.edu.au/complex or link via the servers home
LGI laboratory, Grenoble, France
Research into Parallel GENETIC ALGORITHMs: papers (technical reports,
conference and journal articles, theses, monographies, etc...)
written by members of the SYMPA team are available by FTP from
Their adress is: SYMPA/LGI - Institut IMAG, BP 53 38041 Grenoble
Cedex, FRANCE <email@example.com>
The University of Alabama, Department of Computer Science
A number of papers and preprints are available in compressed
Postscript form by FTP from the Univ. of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) from
aramis.cs.ua.edu/pub/tech-reports/ The naming convention for files
is: (author's last name).(journal name).ps . Maintained by Dr. Ron
CMU Artificial Intelligence Repository
Holds more than a gigabyte of software, publications, and other
materials of interest to AI researchers, educators, students, and
practitioners. The AI Programming Languages and the AI Software
Packages sections of the repository can be accessed in the lang/ and
areas/ subdirectories. Other directories, which are in varying states
of completion, are events/ and pubs/ (Publications, including
technical reports, books, mail/news archives).
The AI Programming Languages section includes directories for Common
Lisp, Prolog, Scheme, Smalltalk, and other AI-related programming
languages. The AI Software Packages section includes subdirectories
for: alife/ (ARTIFICIAL LIFE), anneal/ (Simulated Annealing),
genetic/ (GENETIC ALGORITHMs etc., including benchmarks and test
problems) and many more.
The AI Repository is accessible by FTP at: ftp.cs.cmu.edu/user/ai/
(Be sure to read the files 0.doc and readme.txt in this directory)
and by WWW at: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Groups/AI/html/repository.html
It is also available on CD-ROM (See Q10.10).
The MSU Genetic Algorithms Research and Applications Group (GARAGe)
GARAGe has a number of interesting projects, both in terms of GA and
GP fundamental research and in GA/GP applications including:
parallelization of GAs/GPs; multiple POPULATION topologies and
interchange methodologies; scheduling applications, including
sponsored research on job-floor scheduling; design applications,
including sponsored research on composite material design;
configuration applications, particularly physics applications of
optimal molecule configurations for particular systems like C60
(buckyballs) and others.
Information on GARAGe research projects is available by WWW at the
School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex
The Evolutionary and Adaptive Systems Group in COGS does a
significant amount of research in the area of GAs and Neural Networks
and modeling the process of biological development. For purposes of
artificial EVOLUTION, many at COGS see this as the major issue to be
tackled. For general info about the group, consult the WWW server
The Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence
The Navy Center for Applied Research in ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
(NCARAI) is conducting basic research in the analysis of GAs and
other EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMs. GAs are being applied to the learning
of strategies and behaviors for autonomous vehicles, and for
adaptively testing complex systems such as vehicle controllers. You
will find description of projects, researchers, and downloadable
papers at URL http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/ in addition to other
information. The GA-digest and the GENETIC ALGORITHMs Archive are
maintained at NCARAI. See Q15.1, "Genetic Algorithms Digest", for
Case Western Reserve University
A WWW home page is available for the CWRU Autonomous Agents Research
Group at: http://yuggoth.ces.cwru.edu/
The group, led by Randall Beer, conducts interdisciplinary research
in the departments of Computer Engineering and Science, Biology,
Mechanical Engineering, and Systems Engineering. This research
includes work in EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMs, mobile robotics, and
computational biology. The aim is to study the mechanisms that can
produce adaptive behavior in animals and ROBOTs.
Currently available are Postscript versions of a number of our
research papers (in particular, those related to mobile robotics,
evolving recurrent neural networks, and computational models of
development), an HTML version of a paper on computational development
which appeared in ALIFE IV, and images of the robots used in our
Comments to <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Genetic Algorithms Group, George Mason University
Members of the research group are working on a variety of projects
including GA theory, coevolutionary algorithms, decentralized GAs,
representation issues, evolutionary microeconomics, the application
of GAs to molecular biology, and GA-based machine learning. There is
an online publications list that contains links to PostScript copies
of many of their published papers. A WWW home page is available at:
The Complexity and Artificial-Life Research Concept
Includes a whole load of information on the topics of complexity,
artificial-life, GAs, NNs, cellular automata, nonlinear science,
fractals, self-organisation, evolution, and more. Visit:
Subject: Q15.4: What relevant newsgroups and FAQs are there?
Besides the obvious comp.ai.genetic there exist some other newsgroups
that sometimes carry EC related topics:
o comp.ai (FAQ in news.answers , comp.answers )
o comp.ai.fuzzy (FAQ in news.answers , comp.answers )
o comp.ai.jair.announce (FAQ in news.answers , comp.answers )
o comp.ai.jair.papers (PostScript papers of the Journal of AI
Research, published by Morgan Kaufmann <email@example.com>) [eds
note: this is the first journal that's completely published on
USENET first, and later in paper form; read the jair-faq, that's
posted to the announcement group to find out how to submit your
papers, get JAIR papers by FTP, Gopher or e-mail, etc.]
o comp.ai.neural-nets (FAQ in news.answers , comp.answers )
o comp.robotics (FAQ in news.answers , comp.answers )
o comp.theory.cell-automata (FAQ in
o comp.theory.dynamic-sys (no FAQ)
o comp.theory.self-org-sys (no FAQ)
o sci.bio.evolution (no FAQ as such, but there is an archive of
interesting material, accessible via WWW at
o sci.math.num-analysis (some FAQs in news.answers , comp.answers )
o sci.op-research (some FAQs in news.answers , comp.answers )
o talk.origins (discusses origins of life, EVOLUTION, etc. FTP
repository index at ics.uci.edu/pub/origins/Index -- see Q10.7 for
Subject: Q15.5: What about all these Internet Services?
The Internet supports a variety of on-line services, and a number of
tools are available to enable people to make good use of these,
including: telnet, FTP, gopher, veronica, archie, Wide Area
Information Servers (WAIS), and the World-Wide Web (WWW).
Information about using Internet is available from a number of
sources, many accesible on-line, via email or FTP. For example, the
EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) publishes two guides for novices
on all the Internet has to offer, by Adam Gaffin and Joerg
Heitkoetter (see below). These are avaiable over the net.
To receive a short guide to using anonymous FTP, send e-mail with the
text "help" to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
If you dont have FTP access, you can retrieve documents using the
FTP-by-email service. The "ftpmail" service is installed on several
sites to allow transmission of FTPable files from almost anywhere. To
get the PostScript version of this FAQ from ENCORE, (See Q15.3) for
example, send a message to (for example) <email@example.com>
containing the lines:
where <your-e-mail-address> is e.g. firstname.lastname@example.org
FTPmail sites available are listed below. Use one that is near you
for best performance.
(Europe) <bitftp@dearn> or to <email@example.com>
Documents from the archive at <rtfm.mit.edu> can be retrieved
similarly by sending email to <firstname.lastname@example.org>, containing
a message such as:
Kehoe, B.P. (1992) "Zen and the Art of the Internet: A Beginner's
Guide to the Internet", 2nd Edition (July). Prentice Hall, Englewood
Cliffs, NJ. 112 pages. The 1st Edition, (February) is available in
PostScript format via anonymous FTP from ftp.cs.widener.edu: and many
other Internet archives.
Krol, E. (1992) "The Whole Internet: Catalog & User's Guide".
O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., Sebastopol, CA. 376 pages.
LaQuey, T. and J.C. Ryer (1992) "The Internet Companion: A Beginner's
Guide to Global Networking". Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Reading,
MA. 208 pages.
Smith, Una R. (1993) "A Biologist's Guide to Internet Resources."
USENET sci.answers FTP and e-mail from many archives, eg.
Gaffin, A. (1994) "Everybody's Guide to the Internet." Published by
the EFF and MIT Press. $14.95. ISBN 9-780262-67105-7. This book is
available in ASCII by sending e-mail to <email@example.com>; you'll
receive the book split into several pieces; for a more elaborate
version of the guide see the following entry.
Gaffin, A. with Heitkoetter, J. (1994) "EFF's (Extended) Guide to the
Internet: A round trip through Global Networks, Life in Cyberspace,
and Everything...", aka `eegtti.texi'. This is available from
ftp.eff.org/pub/Net_info/Net_Guide/Other_versions/ (Texinfo, ASCII,
HTML, DVI and PostScript). A README file gives more information.
The hypertext (HTML) version can be browsed at:
http://surf.de.uu.net/bookland/inet/joke/eegtti/eegtti.html Or see
The EARN Association (May 1993) "A Guide to Network Resource Tools",
available via e-mail from <listserv@EARNCC.bitnet>, by sending the
message "get nettools ps" (PostScript) or "get nettools memo" (plain
Copyright (c) 1993-2000 by J. Heitkoetter and D. Beasley, all rights
This FAQ may be posted to any USENET newsgroup, on-line service, or
BBS as long as it is posted in its entirety and includes this
copyright statement. This FAQ may not be distributed for financial
gain. This FAQ may not be included in commercial collections or
compilations without express permission from the author.
End of ai-faq/genetic/part4