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soc.culture.taiwan FAQ (part 4/6) -- Politics


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Archive-name: Taiwan-faq/politics
URL: http://www.geocities.com/~tyang/sct_politics.html
Last-modified: 1997/06/01

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     _________________________________________________________________

        "SOC.CULTURE.TAIWAN" FREQUENTLY-ASKED QUESTIONS -- POLITICS

                                       by

                     Tung-chiang Yang (tcyang@netcom.com)
     _________________________________________________________________

  ***** FAQ'S OF SCT *****

  POLITICS
     * (P. 1) What do these abbreviations mean?
     * (P. 2) Are there any Internet accesses for the major political
       parties in Taiwan?
     * (P. 3) Is it New Party or Chinese New Party?
     * (P. 4) Are there any Internet accesses for political figures in
       Taiwan?


     _________________________________________________________________

    (P. 1) What do these abbreviations mean?

   228    A massacre taking place on February 28, 1947 in Taiwan.  Due to
          the corruption in the provincial government which took over
          Taiwan from Japanese control, the news about the mistreatment
          by the police of a Taiwanese female selling smuggled cigarettes
          sparked uprisings in major cities in Taiwan, which resulted in
          the armed suppression ordered by then-governor CHEN, Yi.  A lot
          of Taiwanese intellectuals were arrested and prosecuted, and a
          lot of people who just relocated themselves from Mainland China
          became scapegoats and were killed or injured.  Civilian
          historians estimated widely from 10,000 to 30,000 casualty,
          while the estimate from government officials is much less.

          This tragic incident more or less resulted in a "White Terror"
          period, which lasted for around 30 years during which people
          related politics with a taboo.

   AIT    American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit civil organization
          serving the purpose of a "pseudo-embassy" of the US in Taiwan.

   BSR    "Ben Shen Ren", or "Inside Province People" literally, means
          "native provincials" which refers to the people "originating"
          from Taiwan instead of Mainland China. Roughly most people
          believe those arriving in Taiwan before the 1945 ROC takeover
          or so are considered BSR. Their offsprings are also considered
          BSR, though now there are a lot of marriages between BSR's and
          WSR's. Refer to "WSR" for more information.

   CCK    CHIANG, Ching-kuo, the son of CKS who succeeded CKS as the
          leader of ROC and KMT after CKS' death in 1975. He died in
          1988.

   CCP    Chinese Communist Party, currently the governing party in PRC
          government.

   CKS    CHIANG, Kai-shek, the leader of ROC and also KMT since the
          1930's. He died in 1975.

   DPP    Democratic Progressive Party, currently the largest opposition
          political party in Taiwan.

   DXP    DENG, Xiao-ping, the person who opened China's economy to the
          world while maintaining the communism control. He died in
          February 1997.

   EU     Eventual Unification (with China), maybe currently the moderate
          status quo proposal winning the most support in Taiwan because
          it does not promote any sudden change, as compared to TI and U.
          This proposal puts off the discussions about TI and/or U until
          the time when China can catch up with Taiwan both economically
          and politically (in terms of democracy). Refer to "TI" and "U"
          for more information.

   FAPA   Formosan Association for Public Affairs, an association based
          in District of Columbia, USA which promotes freedom and
          democracy for the people of Taiwan. It believes the people of
          Taiwan should be given the opportunity to vote for
          independence.

   KMT    Kuomingtang, or Nationalist Party, the current governing party
          in ROC government.

   LTH    LEE, Teng-hui (Deng-hui), the current President of ROC and also
          Chairman of KMT, who succeeded CCK after his death in 1988 as
          Vice President then.

   MAC    Mainland Affairs Council, the agency in ROC government which
          deals with the policies toward Mainland China.

   NP     New Party, currently the second largest opposition political
          party in Taiwan.

   NT     New Taiwan (Dollars), often seen as "NT$", the official
          currency used in Taiwan.

   PLA    People's Liberation Army, the name used for the army of PRC.

   PRC    People's Republic of China, the current effective government in
          Mainland China.

   RMB    Renminbi (people's money), the official currency used in
          Mainland China.

   ROC    Republic of China, the current effective government in Taiwan.

   ROT    Republic of Taiwan, the proposed name for Taiwan should TI
          movement succeed.

   SCT    "soc.culture.taiwan", the newsgroup you are currently reading.

   SEF    Straits Exchange Foundation, a civilian association in ROC
          which plays the "white gloves" when ROC wants to negotiate with
          PRC without violating its current laws and policies.

   TAIP   Taiwan Independence Party, which aims for building a new and
          independent Republic of Taiwan and defending for the right of
          Taiwan citizens and their offsprings to look for democracy,
          freedom, safety, justice and benefits.

   TI     Taiwan Independence. One of the political proposals made by
          some people in Taiwan who claim that Taiwan should be
          independent of China, and that Taiwan should abandon the
          current name "ROC" if it wants to participate in the world
          stage.

          Officially the ROC does not support this idea and claims it
          will simply bring disaster to the residents in Taiwan; instead
          it promotes the idea that "the ROC is different from the PRC".

          The PRC views TI and this ROC policy as approaches to
          independence, and vows to use force should Taiwan ever announce
          independence.

          Note that a lot of problems arise because of the confusion over
          "Taiwan = (or !=) ROC" and "CCP = (!=) PRC". Refer to "EU" and
          "U" for more information.

   U      "U" here refers to the Chinese Unification, the counterproposal
          to TI. Refer to "EU" and "TI" for more information.

   WSR    "Wai Shen Ren", the opposite of BSR, means the "visiting
          provincials" which is for the people arriving in Taiwan after
          1945 or so. Their offsprings are also considered WSR, though
          marriages between BSR's and WSR's have already blurred this
          classification. Refer to "BSR" for more information.

   WUFI   World United Formosans for Independence, an organization which
          is dedicated to the establishment of a free, democratic and
          independent Republic of Taiwan.


    (P. 2) Are there any Internet accesses for the major political parties in
    Taiwan?

   For New Party, you can try the mailing list at
   "np@ic.eecs.berkeley.edu". To start the subscription, you can send an
   E-mail to this address with subject "[HELP]" to know more about the
   mailing list. The '[' and ']' marks are required.

   The mailing list for New Party is run by a computer server program,
   not by a human being. Therefore the syntax for the "Subject:" line of
   your E-mail must satisfy the specified format for your message to get
   processed correctly.

   New Party sets up its homepage at

   http://www.np.org.tw/

   Unfortunately, it supports Chinese Big-5 code only.

   Friends of New Party in Los Angeles also set up a Web site at

   http://www.npla.org/

   The San Francisco site, "http://www.np.org", is reported closed.

   For Nationalist Party (KMT), you can try their homepage at

   http://www.kmt.org.tw

   You can also visit the homepage for KMT Overseas Dept. Office in
   Midwest U.S.A. at

   http://www.kmtroc.org/

   The homepage for DPP can be found at

   http://www.dpp.org/

   DPP branch in Taipei also set up a Web site at

   http://www.dpp.org.tw/

   Taiwan Independence Party (TAIP) sets up its homepage at

   http://www.taip.org.tw/


    (P. 3) Is it New Party or Chinese New Party?

   It is New Party, one of the major political parties in Taiwan. On
   March 31, 1995, New Party replied the author's querry that

      "...... The English name for New Party is 'New Party' instead of
       'Chinese New Party'.  We have already made many clarifications
       with the media by repeated announcements.  By the way, please
       also announce for us that the name in the registration certificate
       with Ministry of the Interior is 'New Party' ......"

    (P. 4) Are there any Internet accesses for political figures in Taiwan?

   For Mr. LIEN, Chan, current premier of ROC government, you might reach
   him by E-mail at "eyes@inform.nii.gov.tw" or
   "lienchan@inform.nii.gov.tw" . You can also try the WWW page at

   http://inform.nii.gov.tw/ or
   http://140.92.80.42/.

   For Mr. SUNG, Chu-yu, Governor of Taiwan Province, you can reach him
   at "governor@tpg.gov.tw".

   For Mr. CHEN, Shui-bian, Mayor of Taipei City, you can reach him at
   "abian@missbbs.tcg.gov.tw".

   For Mr. WU, Den-yih, Mayor of Kaohsiung City, you can reach him at
   "mayor@mail.kcg.gov.tw".

   You might also reach Legislator YEN, Ching-fu (D) at the address
   "ygf@pc2.hinet.net".

   Taiwan Provincial Assembly and Kaohsiung City Council have created the
   homepages for each assembler and counciler. Kaohsiung City Council
   also assigned the E-mail addresses to each counciler. You can go to
   their respective homepages to find the addresses.

   Mr. PENG, Ming-ming's supporters in North America set up the Web site
   at

   http://www.jinco.com/peng/

   (Permission to repost the finished document or make copies of it in
   electronic, mechanical, photocopied, or other form as appropriate will
   be granted provided it is not modified in any way whatsoever, and it
   is not used for profit purposes without prior explicit consent from
   the author. Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997 by Tung-chiang Yang).

--
Tung-chiang Yang                              tcyang@netcom.com

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