Patriot Act Terrorist Exclusion List
As mandated by the Patriot Act of 2001 (officially the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act), the United States Department of State Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, in conjunction with the Attorney General, compiles a Terrorist Exclusion List (TEL) of groups and individuals excluded entry into the United States because of terrorist related activities. Individuals and organizations who commit, incite, or aid in the commission of a terrorist act with the intention to cause death or bodily injury may be placed on the TEL. Acts prior to the commission of a terrorist act, or that aid terrorist organizations also qualify individuals and groups for exclusion. Such preparation or aid can include—but is not limited to—the gathering of intelligence for, or financial support of, terrorist activities.
For purpose of compiling the TEL, the Department of State use the definition of terrorism set forth in United States law and that specifically defines terrorism as "the commission of acts, formulation of plans, or threat to engage in unlawful acts that include—but are not limited to—hijacking, sabotage, the taking of hostages, a violent and deliberate attack on civilians; assassination; the use or transportation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons."
TEL designation is intended to disregard supposed political or ideological purposes for terrorist acts while providing a legal framework to exclude or deport aliens associated with TEL-designated organizations. TEL designations are also intended to deter contributions to terrorist groups, to increase public awareness of such groups, and isolate designated organizations.
█ FURTHER READING:
U.S. Department of State. International Information Programs. Fact Sheet: Terrorist Exclusion List Bolsters Homeland Security. November 15, 2002. < http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/02111803.htm > (April 16, 2003).
Coordinator for Counterterrorism, United States Office
Terrorist and Para-State Organizations
Terrorist Organization List, United States
Terrorist Organizations, Freezing of Assets
Terrorist Threat Integration Center