Interrogation is a conversational process of information gathering. The intent of interrogation is to control an individual so that he or she will either willingly supply the requested information or, if someone is an unwilling participant in the process, to make the person submit to the demands for information.

Interrogation: Torture Techniques and Technologies

Interrogation seeks to acquire information from a person. Since the person being interrogated is often not comfortable with the process or even willing to divulge information, the interrogation process is different from a conversation.

Iran-Contra Affair

In October and November of 1986, it was discovered that for several years, agents of the United States government had been running an illegal operation to sell weapons to Iran and funnel the profits to the Contras, a military organization dedicated to overthrowing the leftist government of Nicaragua. In December, 1986, Lawrence E.

Iran, Intelligence and Security

Iran has a number of intelligence and security organizations that include the Ministry of Intelligence and Security (known as VEVAK for its initials in Farsi), as well as the group called the Pasdaran, or Guardians of the Islamic Revolution. Up to 1978, Iran was controlled by Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, who maintained power through a state security organization, SAVAK.

Iranian Hostage Crisis

On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian militants stormed the American embassy in Tehran, Iran, and captured dozens of embassy and military personnel. For 444 days, fiftytwo Americans remained captive in Iran, while their nation waited, hoped, and hung yellow ribbons.

Iranian Nuclear Programs

In his 2002 State of the Union speech, United States President George W. Bush labeled Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as rogue nations that constituted an "axis of evil" seeking to develop weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons).

Iraq, Intelligence and Security Agencies in

Iraq War: Prelude to War (The International Debate Over the Use and Effectiveness of Weapons Inspections)

In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States and the subsequent war against the Taleban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, United States leaders turned their attention to an old enemy, Iraq, and specifically its dictatorial leader, Saddam Hussein.

Iraq War (Immediate Aftermath)

On May 1, 2003, United States President George W. Bush announced an end to major military combat operations related to Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Iraqi Freedom, Operation (2003 War Against Iraq)

After failed efforts to persuade the United Nations Security Council to endorse the use of force to disarm Iraq and oust the regime of Saddam Hussein, the United States, United Kingdom, and a coalition of countries resolved to achieve those aims through military action. Although regime change—the forced elimination of the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and his sons from power—was initially only a stated goal of the United States, it became a de facto goal of all coalition forces.

Ireland, Intelligence and Security

The failed Easter Rebellion of 1916 sparked decades of guerilla warfare and terrorist attacks in Ireland. Ireland finally gained its independence from Britain in 1921, but the accord that granted the establishment of the Irish Republic also divided the island.

Irish Republican Army (IRA)

The Irish Republican Army (IRA) also operates as, or is known as, the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA or "Provos").

Islamic Army of Aden (IAA)

Islamic Army of Aden (IAA) also operates as, or is known as, the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army (AAIA).

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is a coalition of Islamic militants from Uzbekistan and other Central Asian states opposed to Uzbekistani President Islom Karimov's secular regime. Before the counterterrorism coalition began operations in Afghanistan in October 2001, the IMU's primary goal was the establishment of an Islamic state in Uzbekistan.

Isotopic Analysis

Varieties of the same chemical element, but with different atomic weights, are called isotopes. Isotopic analysis (IA) is the analysis of the isotope composition of a sample.

Israel, Counter-Terrorism Policy

Since it was founded in 1948, the nation of Israel has implemented some of the most rigorous counter-terrorist measures of any country in the world. It suffered its first attacks by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1965 and was subject to PLO Intifadas, or uprisings, in 1987 and again in 2001, which produced dozens of terrorist bombings with hundred of casualties.

Israel, Intelligence and Security

Israel gained its independence following World War II after Britain ended its colonial mandate of Palestine. Jewish refugees and victims of the Holocaust immigrated to Palestine in order to create the Jewish homeland promised in the British Balfour Declaration.

Italy, Intelligence and Security

Although the Italian city-states were among the most prosperous and influential political organizations during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the modern nation-state of Italy did not emerge until the nineteenth century. King Victor Emmanuel united the city-states and kingdoms on the Italian peninsula, and the neighboring island provinces of Sicily and Sardinia in 1861.

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) (Army of Mohammed)

The Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) is an Islamic extremist group based in Pakistan that was formed by Masood Azhar upon his release from prison in India in early 2000. The group's aim is to unite Kashmir with Pakistan.

Japan, Intelligence and Security

Japan is one of the oldest nations in Asia. Over the past two hundred years, the nation has struggled with its desire to retain its national culture while absorbing Western technology and economics.

Japanese Red Army (JRA)

The Japanese Red Army (JRA) also operates as, or is known as, the Anti-Imperialist International Brigade (AIIB).

JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)

The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a satellite-guided "smart" bomb capable of accurate and high-precision strikes in any weather. JDAM munitions have found increasing use in military missions and the use of precision bombs exceeded 80 percent in the U.S.-led Operation Iraqi Freedom conducted in 2003.

Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

Jemaah Islamiya (JI) is an Islamic extremist group with cells operating throughout Southeast Asia. Members arrested in Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines have revealed links with al-Qaeda.

Johnson Administration (1963–1969), United States National Security Policy

President Lyndon B. Johnson continued the longstanding commitment of the United States to Southeast Asian security by providing increasing amounts of support to anti-communist South Vietnam.

Joint Chiefs of Staff, United States

The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) of the United States is a six-member committee that advises the president, the secretary of defense, and the National Security Council on military affairs. A chairman, vice-chairman, and the chiefs of each of the four branches of the military form the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Jordan, Intelligence and Security

The primary Jordanian intelligence agency is the Dairat al Mukhabarat, or General Intelligence Department (GID). The GID is charged with the collection and analysis of intelligence information.


J-STARS (Joint Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radar System) is the name for a type of surveillance aircraft developed jointly by the U.S. Army and Air Force.

Justice Department, United States

The U.S. Department of Justice is responsible for enforcing federal law, preventing and controlling crime, and protecting the interests of the nation in legal matters.

Kahane Chai (Kach)

Kahane Chai's (Kach) stated goal is to restore the biblical state of Israel. Kach (founded by radical Israeli-American rabbi Meir Kahane) and its offshoot Kahane Chai, which means "Kahane Lives" (founded by Meir Kahane's son Binyamin following his father's assassination in the United States), were declared to be terrorist organizations in March 1994, by the Israeli Cabinet under the 1948 Terrorism Law.

Kennedy Administration (1961–1963), United States National Security Policy

President John F. Kennedy entered the White House with confidence that instability in the developing world posed the greatest risk to the national security of the United States.