CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

Created: 5/12/1960

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Current Intelligence Weekly Review

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

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NEO-FASCISTS IN POSTWAR Pi

The recently formed cabinet of Fernando Tambronl la unique among postwar Italian governments in that his Christian Democratic party is dependent for its majority In the lower house on the neo-Fasclst Italian Social This development, which came about ovor vehement objections both ln and outside the ruling Christianparty, has focused renewed attention on tbe long struggle of Italian fascism to reassert and rehabilitate ltslef. Tbe neo-Fasclste, proponents of an authoritarian, nationalist, anti-Communist solution for Italy's political difficulties, can hope to profit from continuance of the :talumate_.withln the Christian Democratic

party.

WEEK IN BRIEF

Till' ULLULI

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW0

OVERNMENT'S DIFFICULTIES

Tambronl'sChristian Democraticfaces continued attack from the small democratic parties which backed earlier governments, and possible revolt byDemocrats who object to his parliamentary dependence on tbe noo-Fascists.

Democratic Socialist leader Saragat had urged that theof Deputies reopen thedebate on the grounds that Tambronl achieved histhrough two Inconsistent positions: be accepted neo-Fasclst support in the lower house, but repudiated it in the Senate, where heajority without It. Chamber Presidenthristian Democrat, ruled, however, that Tambronl had fulfilled constitutionalSimply byajority in both houses.

In addition to theSocialists, spokesmen for the Republicans, Liberals, and Nenni Socialists opposed Leone's decision, but did not challenge it formally. No issue was made of tho constitutional requirement that approval by both bouses of parliament must be obtained within ten days "of

a premier's Investiture.'s government was invested onarch, but the Senate vote did not take place untilpril.

Even if the Christiancanarty crisis at their national council meet-

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ponsorea legislation faces formidable obstacles in the lower house, whore theof several importantdoes not reflect tho majority combination ofDemocrats and noo-Fascists on which Tambronl depends.

Some center politiciansthe Tambronl regime may seriously endanger parliamentary government, and that Tambronl himself would not bo averse to using extra const itutacticsa show of force by the Carablnleri or by hoodlums from among his neo-Fascistan attempt to remain in power. ituation might arise after the budget isif there is then pressure from left-wingroader legislative program than Tambronl could enact with his present allies.

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