SOUTH KOREA

Created: 5/12/1960

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW0

SOUTH KOREA

Soutb Korean National Assembly Is moving towardof tbe constitution totbe powers of tbe president andabinet with rime sinister responsible to the legislature. Sporadichave continuededuced scale calling for tbe resignation of the Incumbent assembly, but tbe majority of students and tbe general public sees willing to have the changes made by tbe present legislature. Any prolonged delay, however,by the assembly or the Hub lu reforming tbeor holding new assembly elections could provoke new widespread disturbances.

The assemblyay

opened public bearings on tbe

proposed constitutional changes. Those testifying generallythe establishment of esponsible cabinetrime minister,election by the legislatureresident wltb drastically restricted powers, and agreed that tbe incumbent assembly need not be dissolved prior to amendment of tbe constitution. They objected, however, to the assembly's draft provisionsfreedom of speech, press, and assembly, as well as to proposed emergency powers. According to unconfirmed press reports, the legislature will vote on the measure about mid-June, and elections for a new assembly will be called within the next ays.

-fUl JLUILJ

9 of) b

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY*

for Rhee lnlections.

Both Rhae's Liberal party and ths conservative opposition Democratic party nave beenover the developmenttrong lsftlst opposition party. enior government official recently attributed ths continuing demonstrations ln Pusan to an alliance ofProgressive party members and college professors. The official allegedly feared that auprising" in the arsa was imminent.'

SONG YO" CHAN

Mew Minister of Defense Yi Chong-chan,isit to Pusan, reported to the Bub cabinetay that law and order bad been restored throughout the Be found noof Communistof the Pusan demonstrations. The united States Eighth Army has commented that martial lawSong confirmed that there was no evidence of Communistalthough somepamphlets bad recently been uncovered in the area.

Song, who has expressed concern over the threat ofagent exploitation of the present unrest, rsportedly has been io favor of usingmeans are necassary to aup-prsss any further disturbances, but has employed only moderate force to break-up demonstrations, Yi insists'that the demonstrations be permitted and that martial law be ended as soon as possible so the army can return to its regular duties.

Commenting on foreignHu Chung has explained that his recent demand that Tokyo stop the repatriation of

NOTES AND COMMENTS

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

l

in Japan to North Korea wasrerequisiteesumption of negotiationsreconditioninal It now appears that In the recently reportedincidentapa* nese fishingorean police patrol boat fired four

rounds of blank ammunition. The embassy notes that thewhich apparently did not involve the South Korean Coast Guard, does not Invalidate Hun's assertion that further seizures of Japanese flshlj be avoided.

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