CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

Created: 7/14/1960

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

current

Intelligence

Weekly

Summary

no. Tl

oci 40

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

r rHTELLIGliHCE W

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY0

DISORDERS IN3

TOE WEEK IN

Although the widespread anti-Fascist rioting in Italy has subsided to what the Italian press callsensehe basic causes for the disorders remain. The

PART II (continued)

Christian Democrats must choose between continuing premier Tambroni's neo-Fascist supportedthe risk of polarizing Italianprecipitating acrisis which in itself could set off further disorders. The Communists will probably try to spark new disturbances.

SFPPFT

iii

DISORDERS IN ITALY

the widespread anti-Fascist rioting hasto what the Italian press callsensehe basic

causes for the disorders remain. The Christian Democrats must choose between continuingTambronl's neo-Fascist -

PARTAND 3 of 27

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

0

the risk of polarizing Italianprecipitating acrisis which in Itself could set off further disorders.

Already vulnerable because-of the neo-Fascist alliance, the Tambroni government laid itself open to further criticism by its handling of arrangementseo-Fascist party congress. The government first acquiesced in the choice ofeat of the wartime anti-Fascist as the site for tbe Then,in the face ofdemonstrations, theindicated it would not take steps to protect the congress, even though the holding of tbe meeting was unassailable from a legal' standpoint. Thewas subsequently canceled.

While the existence of the Italian Social Movement violates the spiritonstitutional provision against the revival of the dissolved Fascist party, the MSI has never been banned. The neo-Fascists will probably continue their sporadic rioting against the Communists, but will be reluctant to overthrow the government and thus lose their present position controlling its tenure.

MOfII

Tbe Christian Democratic party, although embarrassed by

difficult of solution as the one whichwo-month gap in government this year. It is not clear, in any case, whether President Gronchi can betb oust Tambroni at this time.

Nevertheless, someDemocrats are fearful of approaching the nationwide local elections this fall under the present stigma. There are some hints that elections may be postponed, or that Monarchist (Italian Democratic party)support may befor that of the neo-Fascists. The left-center parties, including the Nenni Socialists, are pointing to the disorders as exemplifying the needore representative center-left government.

3

to revive last year bases.

The Communists, seeking to exploit the nationwideagainst Fascismeans to emerge from their own Isolation,the Nenni Socialists, andtake control of the entire democratic left, will probably try to promote further disorders. Thus far, they have shown little disposition to try to divert the agitation to NATO installations in Italy, but some new turn of events could lead tbe Communists their campaign of against the US missile

II

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