CUBA

Created: 7/14/1960

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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peechulyeachers' congress ln Moscow, Khrushchev departed irem aol hla Austrian visit to project the USSR into the Cuban situation and inflateajor international question, Khrushchev resortedamiliar Soviet political warfare device of Implying strong Soviet countersovesypothetical situation, butactually committing the USSR

i specific course of action. After charging the United States with economic aggression and plans for armed intervention, Khrushchev stated that speaking, Sovietla the event of neees-

lty. caa with their rocket firepower support the Cubanif the aggressive forces In tho Pentagon dare beginagainst Cuba."

As in past cases of such calculated ambiguity, Khrushchev began to soften the implications almost Immediately. Sisuly

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CUBA

l- tte i tanas among Castro follower* to Khru-ehchfiv'u declaration of support for tho Castro regimeuly was fast and*enthusiastle. "Che" Guevara told theuly rally, called to protestacts of economic warfare" against tbe regime, that "today Cubalorious island defended by the rockets of the greatestpower ln history. Wo are practically the arbiters of world peace/'

In contrast. Fidel Castro, ln bis sickbed talk to therecognized Khrushchov's "spontaneous" declaration of support, but added tbat "Cuba does not depend for tbe defense of its sovereignty andon Soviet rockets, but rather on the reason and Justice of Its cause." Three days later Ousvara publicly stated tbat if the Soviet Unionto establish Cubaoviet satellite, "We will fight it to the last drop of blood."

President Dortlcoe, ln bis bitter antl-US harangue at the Sunday rally, announced Soviet

willingness to take the sugar cut from0 US quota. Moscow Is apparently prepared to take whatever quantities are coosldered politically expedient. Barter arrangements for thenecessitating stepped-up exports of Soviet goods to Cuba, would further strengthen Sovlet-Cubao economic ties.

Tho American Embassymost educated CubansCastro's alignment of bis country wltb tbe Soviet bloc, although opposition is still unorganized aud leaderloss. Do-spite tho blustering statements by Cuban officials assuring tbe public that the regime can, with Soviet help, survive "the economic onslaught of USsome sr*eliable contact of theagricultural attache reports tbat Castro's ministers of economy sod commerce fear tba US may embargo food shipments to Cuba, This, they reportedly fear, woulddangerous" situation ln Cuba, worse than tbe Impending shortage Id farm aad industrial machlnory parts.

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Tbe treads la Cubs eoatlDu' toward tighter dictatorship and enhanced Communist influence. Tbe offices of the Havana Bar Association were eelted,anduly pro-Castro lavyorsew governing board, thus "decisively Incorporating the logal profession Into tho At about tbe same time, all provincial-levelof the powerfuldominated Cuban Labor Coa-federatlon (CTC) were replaced by "men who truly respond to the revolutionary moment la which tbe country aowhe CTC is tbe regime's chlof Instrument of control over Iabor.

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doteotloa ofuban Army of-flosrs.

Tbe Castro regime Isto be consideringof Carlosa highand director of tbedally, as minister ofto replace theineffective incumbent,DlazAstoraio. long been among

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