Created: 4/20/1961

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last week's sessions of the nuclear test ban conference in Geneva, Soviet delegate Tsarapkln made no effort tooutstanding differences on key features of the control system or on the researchto improve detection Onpril he stated that the whole question esearch program was apolitical" question and the consequences would beif the US proceededwithout Soviet agreement. He declared that both the number of nuclear explosions and their purpose must be agreed to by the USSR.

Tsarapkln specificallyto the inclusion of artificially muffled explosionsesearch program and stated that the USSR could not agree to such experiments on the grounds that they were intended to devise means of evading On the moratorium on underground tests during theprogram, he repeated the

Soviet position that the three powers should not automatically be free to resume underground testing when the moratorium.

Tsarapkln also clarified the Soviet position as to when on-site inspections could bo initiated. Onpril hethat inspections in the USSR could not begin until all control posts were installed in the territories of the three powers and in areas where other nuclear explosions might occur. Under the Soviet installation schedule, this would mean no inspections in the USSR could be made until after four years. He charged that Western attempts to show that there were previous inconsistencies in the Soviet position stemmedesire toropaganda situation in which the West couldbreak off negotiations.

In his Initial comment on the complete draft treaty



by the Western powers onpril, Tsarapkln said that the USSR would study the draft but regretted that it did not take account of Soviet proposals on certain important issues.

and would Insist on its proposalripartite administrative council.

generally negative attitude of the Sovietwas also reflected inremarks to Walter Llpp-mann in their Interview onpril. According to Llppmann, Khrushchev cited three reasons why he had no great hopesest ban agreement. In the first place, Khrushchev claimed that Western opposition to an agreement was shown by theforn-siteln tbe USSR, since be had been led to believe, presumably by Macmillan, that the West would be satisfied with three "symbolic" Inspections,

Secondly, Khrushchev said that since the French werethey were unlikely to sign an agreement and would conduct tests for the US. When Llppmann mentioned possible Chinesetesting for the USSR, Khrushchev said while Pelping was movingirection where it could hold tests, this was not yet the case. He added that, when that time came, there willnew problem" and that the USSR would like all states to sign an agreement.

Khrushchev said bis third reason was that the USSR could nevereutralfor the control system

delegation stated that these two questions and the issue of artificially muffled in the research program were the only points of difference. He claimed that on all Issues the two sides were not far apart. took tbe familiar line that the USSR deeply desired a treaty and that must continue in until a treaty is

The US delegation noted that the Soviet delegationnot to be under any pressure of time schedules and appeared willing to waitiak^ig^^nv^co^ncessions.


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