CONSTRUCTION UNDERWAY ON USSR-SATELLITE OIL PIPELINE (CB 61-21)

Created: 3/30/1961

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS9

CURRENT SUPPORT BRIEF

CONSTRUCTION UNDERWAY ON USSR-SATELLITE OIL PIPELINE

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Ttlb report represents (he Immediate viewi of tho originating Intelligence component! of the Office of Research and Reports. Comments are solicited.

document contain! the United States, within the meS USC,, the In any manner to an unaut

.Won affectingtifiaa^-aeTense of St laws, Titler rovelation of which is prohibited by law.

CONSTRUCTION UNDERWAY ON USSR-SATELLITE OIL PIPELINE

ihe Soviet Unlon has begun construction on the portion of the tSSR-European Satellite oil pipeline system which lies within Soviot boundaries. This so-called "pipeline ofooperative venture of the members of CEMA (Council for Mutual Economic, is designed to supply crude oil to new refineries in the European Satellites and to refineries planned or under construction in the European USSR. It will also allow an increase in tho exports or crude oil and petroleum products to Northern Europe and the Scandinavian countries through the Baltic Sea ports of Klaipeda and Vontspils. The entire system will beilometers (km) in length and probably will be completed for use (See

Construction began in9 on the Czechoslovakian segment and0 on the Polish segment of the pipeline system. planned tomut by Septomber had fallenm behind schedule. 1/ Inotal of aboutm was laid0 with Installation proceeding simultaneously ln both directions from Plock. No construction has been reported onm section in Hungary nor on the short section into East Germany, both of which are to be completed It is probable that the Polish and Czechoslovakian portions of tho pipeline will also be completed for use The completed segments of the system are to be supplied temporarily with crude oil delivered bv rail tank cars.

Plans for petroleum pipeline construction in the USSR1 call for completionm section between Brody and Uzhgorod on the southern branch of the system. Thisescribed by Soviet engineers as the most difficult length of construction on the entire system, is to be ready for use at the beginningathering lines are to be installed1 to transport the crude from the Romashklno oil fiolds, in the area of Almetyevsk, to Kuybyshev, the origin of the trunk pipeline system. 2/ Most, if not all, of the Kuybyshev-Mozyr portion--the major sector of theto be completed, and completion of the Mozyr-Brody and Mozyr-Brest sections is scheduled

Apparently the Kuybyshev-Mozyr portion is planned toiameter pipe,arking the first use of such large diametor pipe in the constructionrude oil pipeline. At present the world's largest diameter oil pipeline israns-Arabian crude oil pipeline. Diameters of tho branch pipelines extending Into the Satellites will.

etroleum products pipeline between Kuybyshev and Bryansk has been under construction for the past several years. Them section, Michurinsk-Bryansk, is to be installedhis products pipeline frequently is confused in the Western press with the USSR-Satellite crude oil line.

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Table 1

ESTIMATED DIAMETERS AND CARRYING CAPACITIES OF INDIVIDUAL

HE PLANNED USSr-EUROpeAN SATEXLTTE

OIL PIPELIKE

SegmentLength Diameter Carrying CapacityTerminus (km)Million Metric

Kuybyshev

/

Except for the Kuybyshev-Mozyr sector, which is an estimate, capacitios are those given in Soviet sources andunction of the diameter.

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II T I A ir

Tho USSR so far as Is known, does not yetteel pipe, and currently is using such pipe, Imported from West Germany, In the constructionatural gas pipeline linking the gas fields in Krasnodar Kray with the Moscow area. Requirements2ipe probably will exceed by far any Soviet production capability; therefore continued imports will bo necessary. The USSR recentlya trade agreement with ENI, the Italian oil monopoly, underons of steel line pipe are to be delivered to the USSReriod of four years. 7/ Significant but unknown quantitiesipe may bo included in this agreement. In addition, it was reported recently that the USSR has successfully negotiatedwedish firm for the deliveryonsteel line pipe during the next four yoars, possibly for use in constructionipeline linking the Urals-Volga directly with Leningrad. 8/ The USSR will continue to import large-diameter pipe from West Germanynd an English concern reportedly' has signed antoons of pipe of unknown diameter for oil and gas pipelines to the USSR. 9/ Total estimated pipe requirements for the Soviet portion of the system, excluding branch lines to Kremenchug and Klaipeda, mayons, onsips.

Useipe on the Kuyhyshev-Mozyr sector will allow the transport of aboutillion metric tons (mmt) of crude oil annually from the producing areasith an eventual full capacity ofmt. (Seo Of themt of crude oil,mt may be required to supply new refining capacity now under construction in the European Satellites. Deliveries will be increased In succeeding years as refinery capacity in these countries is expanded. Of the estimatedmt of crude oil moving to Polotsk,int probably will supply the refinery now being constructed there. Thus, as muchmt of crude oil, plus anmt of petroleum products,ithdrawalmt for localay befor export through Klaipeda and Ventspils to markets in Northern Europe and the Scandinavian countries. Although Klaipeda purportodly was to bo the major petroleum exporting base on tho Baltic Sea,reports indicate that the larger share of the exports will pass through Ventspils.

In addition to the exports through the Baltic, the system may also provide for exports to the West through the port of Odessa if the branch line to Kremenchug in tho Ukrainian SSR is extended to that city. However, the Kremenchug refinery still is in the planning stago and therefore construction of the Mlchurinsk-Kremonchug branch lino probably will be postponed and may not be completed for use during the Seven-Year Plan. Another possibility, drawing muchin the Western press, would be the extension of thesection beyond Bratislava, to Vienna.

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ESTIMATED

OF REFINERIES

BE SERVED BY THE

OIL PIPELINE

Capacity (Million Metric Tons)

Capacity (Million Metric Tons)

a/

b/

c/

d/

/ Estlmato. 67 . c/V. e/.

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Analyst: Coord:

Sources':

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Gladkov, P, Ya. "Magistral druzhby" (Pipeline of Friend-

troitel'stvo truboprovodov. no.

Daily Report (USSR and Eastern Europe) ,

9.FF

State, Warsaw.IMITED OFF USE.

Dlo Wlrtschaft,./

Die. U/

FBIS, Dally Report (USSR arid Eastern Europe),

.FF USE./

Tbe Iron.U.

Amer leanar ke t,.

FBIS, Dally Report (USSR and Eastern Europo),

.FF/VSE.

The Petroleum Tines,. U.

BBC, Summary of World Broadcasts, Weekly Supplement

U.

Summary of World/Broadcasts, Weekly Supplement

ov 6U,tt? U.

Summary ofroadcasts, Weekly Supplemont

. Vi./V.

eekly Economic Review4. OFF USF!

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