. UNITED STATES INTELLIGENCE BOARD
. Office of the Chairman
MEMORANDUM FOR THE MILITARY REPRESENTATIVE .. H% V'
SUBJECT: Intelligence Required
l. The intelligence community has reviewed the attachment toetter of2 concerning intelligence required fore believe that th? following measures are those most likely to orientefforts to provide the needed intelligence:'
a. ave directed that the appropriate authorities in the j'^'X^'W^'i . intelligence community responsible for drafting National Intelligence Estimates and for producing currentake cognizance of the Essential Elements of Information efe^ required for counterinsurgency and see that as many of
elements are answered as may be feasible in the course of production of National Intelligence Estimates and current r^ intelligence.
of the basic non-estimative questions poaedEEIs are addressed in various sections of the NationalSurvey, notablyhich deals twithhave directed the Office of Basicto review theontent, and schedule for-Sectionand other pertinent sections to see that the MIS willas possible to the EEIs and that appropriatebe given-to sections pertaining to the countries listed
have also asked the intelligence authorities ofof State and Department of Defense to bringElements of Information to the attention of U. S. '
2 Paee2of 11
mem)randum for the director of central xnteu.zgqice subjecti intelligence required for couoterlnsorgaocy
th* attached Deaorandua from tho joint chlafa of staff,required for counterinsurgency" vai noted by tha(ci) on 19. > .
la the desire of the group that tha taetaoracdum ha referred to tha united states intelligence board for vhatevsr actios tha cabers nay coosidar appropriate.
attachoadti kemorandua froa jcs
MEMORANDUM FOR TEE SPECIAL OF.OUP'
SUBJECT: Intelligence Required for CcunterJusurgency : , Actions
tbe years there have been developedrequirements essential to prosecution of "hot
war" plaining and operations. These requirements Are amen La lly satisfied |byn the'dermilitary strength and deployments* evaluationresources which are capable of contributing toof war, and estimates cf the probsole courses of r,elligenc3 agencies, by virtue of longfully conditioned to the production of theseand estimates. It is significant, however.- there ls_nc> corresponding treatment identified with operations,nature of the inteii/iggna^ '
deficiency is attributable primarily to the -of counterinsurgency operations, particularly to
the very broadf participation Involved'.n coordinate application ofeconomic, social, and educational resources,,thetask embodiesorresponding need forIntelligence treatment which ;reflects the coordinateall these diverse sources of
rw'nolsn ch brinesrpquir.eicejits_intcorresponding lag is not found to exist-nftfVftft, 1nofcold war enemv. Tho Sino-Soviet Bloc is attackingin many areas, through the medium of subversive
insurgency, employing most or all of tho coordinate elements
FROM AUTOMATIC KEGRADING; DODOES NOT APPLY.
described in the preceding paragraph. Furthermore, by virtue of their communist character, they have emphasised the development of "dialectical analyses'* which, coupled with great skill at acquiring information from open societies, provido then,outine natter, with comprehensive cold war intelligence, covering the wholo spectrum of insurgency endeavors. This circumstance accords our cold warubstantial advantage.
V. The enclosure hereto seeks to muot thoneed discussed above, by bringing together the essential elements of information relating to any country or area in which an insurgency or incipient insurgency exists. It will be soen that all cf th6 items treated eve of interest to tho political, military, economic, social, and psychological planners who are engaged inoordinated counterinsurgency program. While sojie of the factors will be of lunch greater interest to one planner than *oc another, '. none can properly beince all, taken together, are the essence of countorinsurgency intelligence.
t isTv^nifrA that;, sublet to review end validation, the Special Grovp CCI)ft.Ttho. USIBresent ancTcontlnuinp high priority cold, war intelligence requ'frq-
EI BITS OfTOH FOR COUNTER IH3 OR GE?<CY ACTIONS
HAT ARE.RTl-iArrY DISCGgiTBNTS WITHIN THEMILITARY.
popular rcovoment, or movements, have developo-tprimary purpose or alleviating specific discontents f
are these groups located?
the objectives or interests of these groupsOS objectives or interests? How? EM can they
is the presont and probable future strength of ' popular support which Is being, or can be, developed in
support Gf alleviation of the discontent?
are the leaders of these groups? Are thereobjectives contrary to those of the OS? How can
thoy be influenced?
what extent hove the Communists or othergained control of any popular movementalleviate tho
what extent can,communists oriertinantcr influence non-cosmunist leadersuch
degree of unity exists between groups favoringor national power?
is the present degree;of discontent in the country- it approaching revolutionary intensity?
HAT ARE TEE SIGRIFICAiiT NON-COhKUNISTHIH ,.
a. Are their values, interests or objectives contraryobjectives and interests? How? Row can they
nclosure 2f 11
is tho present and probable future strengthfactions or groups?
are their leaders, and what are theirinterests, or objectives? Are they contraryinterests or objectives? Kow? How can they
degree of unity presently existsea seizure of national power?
are these groups located?
what extent Are these groups or their leadersor controlled by the comr.unists or othergroup or nation? Kow?
HICH PERTINENT GROUPS AtiD WHICHJJJPIVIDUALSCOUNTRY ARE ALLIES AND WHICH ARE ACTUAL Wig
a. UnOer-wbat circumstances can theat relationships change?
HAT IS THB COMPARATIVE MILITARY AMD/ORAPABILITYIS PBrTIHRKI GROUPS WITHIN THE COUNTRY?
is the nilltHry and/or paramilitary manpower,|materiel, and probable effectiveness ofgroups?
is the MajKAtr. equipment, and nateiJel of the group? Ineated?
portionountry's regularupport the various groups?
OW STRONG IS TrS COIMUNIST PARTY?
a. What positions of influence do ComunU.ts o; Communist pawns hold in the government? Hovontrolled, influenced, or removes?
7 of 11
A COLD VAH STANDPOINT WHO ARE THE SIGNIFICANTLYPERSON IK TWg_ PQLTn?: mtt.tta^y r.TcPOWER IKD USAND
their Motivations or actions contrary toor objectives? How?
what extent are any of these men influencedby the Communists or other pertinentnation?
can they be Influenced or controlled?
ARE TIE INTERNAL WEAKNESSES OF THEMILITARY, OR SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL?
ofeaknesses, if exploited to thocould provide ther othergroups,ignificant increase in pewer?
what extent are the communists or otherpresently exploiting this ua-iknoss,
e. WHAT ARE -THE SIGNIFICANT INTERNALF THE COUNTRY -MILITARYPOLITICAL, ;ECONCMIC, OR SWiO-Pi-YCHOuJGICAL?
a. To vha't extent are the communists or other pertinent group ,urx!.erai"Jng .these strengths? How?
PPROXIMATELY. WH'IT PERCENT AGE OF THE POPULATION HAVEIN .TEE COUNTRY'S EXISTING INSTITUTIONS AKD LEADERS?
HAT ARE SHE SIGNIFICANT EXTERNAL STRENGTHSOUNTRY-MILITARY, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, OR SOCiO-PSYCKOLJGICAL?
a. To what extent are the communists or otjier pertinent group undermining these strengths? Hew"
what are tie significant external weaknesses of the country-economic, political, military, socio-psycho logical?
what is the customary way, or ways, for tie people to ex-
. press their discontent against authority? or what are the customary forks of struggle.
form or forms of struggle are beinet tine?
is the probable sequence of events inform or forts of struggle?
no form of struggle is being utilized at thisform or forms are most likely to be used in
is the probable form of struggle and sequencethatutilized in the final ohaseattempted seizure of power?
aro the most likely alternate forms ofwould be used during the final phase of an seizure of power with their mostof events?
are the communists or other pertinentand future abilities to achieve thein the most probable sequence ofboth the preliminary and the final phaseto seize power?
an -internal or :pertinent external economic,or socio-psychological crisis or otherimprove the communist or otherchances of achieving their objectives? what and how?
Ik. what are 'the vital, and general, national foreign policy objectives?
significant political, economic, militaryactions are being tucen toobjectives? :
are their potential capabilities fcrobjectives? :.
HAT ARE OTHER PERTINENTROUPS' VALUES,OR OBJECTIVES WHICH MAY OR DO AFFECT TES COUNTRY? KOW?
. a. What actions are they taking or likely to take intheir values, interest, or objectives?
What is the likely sequence of these actions?
THE CURRENT AREA OR WORLD SITUATION COIIDUC'J.'VVE TCOR COMMUNIST OR OTHERRIPS' OBJECTIVES
theyertinent area, or globalpower?
what extent are their available forces committed?
is the pertinent disposition of area oropinion?
SITUATIONSJttTHDLTHE.COUNTRY ARECP. PREROGATIVES?
("SIf US-military forces or activities are located within
thehat activities or situations are eroding US military capabilities?..
2 Pagef 11
APPENDIX TO ENCLOSURE Countries to be Considered
Indonesia Iran Iraq Laos
Republic of the Congo