REACTION TO THE TEST BAN ACCORD
ln hisuly luterview with Pravda and Izves-tla correspondents on thetost ban agreement made clear hla Intention to engage the West in serious discussionsider range of issuos. Subsequent Soviet commentary has characterized the final communique*, ln which the US end UK agreed to consult with their alllos on the questiononaggression pact,ommitment to further talks.
The Soviet leader isPeiping's open doflanco and, indeed, appears to hnve made endorsement of theey test for world Communist support of his policies toward the Most. Soviet propaganda ls carefully listing all the major powers which have approved the test ban agreement and links the Chinesa Communist leadership rvith De Gaulle and "reactionary ln tho US Congress who aro opposed to the "univoraal appeal" for an end to the nuclear anas race.
Khrushchev has moved quickly to representuccess for histoward the West and to exploit fears of Peiping's own nuclear ambitions in an effort to force Communist China ore Isolated position
Pelplng, dourly on thehas counterattacked with angry propaganda dosigned to blacken tho USSR before the world Communist movement. The chief themeajor Chinese government statement Issued onuly was that Moscow has sold out to "imperialism" anddirtyhe statement repeated earlier charges that the treaty in no way reduces tho US war-makingbut is aimed mainly at "preventing non-nuclear, peace-loving countries from testing and manufacturing nuclear
The statement accused the USSR of conspiring with the US against Communist China. Errller, People'aadicture of Khrushchev about to embraco Harriman, with an accompanying story ln which Khrushchev was quoted byas saying he hadreaty at this time to show the Chinese that lt was possible to coexist peacefully.
The perfidy of the Soviets in reversing themselves on the question of nucloar testing has been heavily attacked ln the Chinese press. Pooplo's Dnlly onuly published the texts of both the current treaty and tbe similar vorsion Moscowlast August. In the past week many statements mado from
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INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY
Peiping is also insisting defiantly on its right tonuclear tests, which lt now implies will occur soon. lustering speech onuly, Peiping's chief propagandist Kuo Mo-Jo declared that no modern weapons are "out of reach of the people" and that the nuclear monopolyew powers "can by no means remain for long." An Indonesian air delegation that left Peiping onuly wastold that China would explode its first nuclear bomb in Such claims
contrast with earlier Chinese Coonunist statements whichstressed that it wouldong time before China, with its backward technology,nuclear weapons.
Peiping now appearsabout laying thefor the day when it will have to justify its own nuclear tests. Presumably this was the real reason for Its advocacy onulyotal prohibition of nuclear weapons. Expecting that such an unrealistic would be rejected, Peiping could still posehampion of peace and at the same time argue that it had no choice but to proceed with theof Its own nuclear capa-bility.
INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY