USE OF SOVIET LARGE HATCH SHIPS IN THE CUBAN TRADE
DIRECTORATE Or INTELLIGENCE Office of Research and Reports
This document contains classified information affecting the national security of the United States wiUMn>hlfmeaning of the espionage laws. US Code. The law prohibits its transmission or the revejrfnon of Its contents in any manner to an unauthorizedwell as its use In any manner prejudicial lo the safety or intea^Tol the United Slates or for the benefit of any foreign goverma^nt to the detriment of the United States.
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Office of Research and Reportsovember 4
Use of Soviet Large Hatch Ships in ths Cuban Trade
1. ajor part of Its modernization programs tho Soviet merchant fleet has made substantial additions of large hatch dry cargo ships "Large hatch Ships have design features which facilitate cargo handling and the transport of large and heavyand agricultural machinery. Those ships have been used by the USSR on all of its major trade routesthe Cuban trade. The use of large hatch ships in the Cuban trade has been particularly significant because of their role In the introduction of offensive weapons and missiles If such weapons were to be reintroduced in Cuba tbey would undoubtedly be carried ln large hatch ships.
2 The Soviet merchant fleet has seven classes Of vessels classified as Urge hatch shipsBeloretsk Krasnograd. Murom. Omsk. Poltava/Perckop, Simferopol, and Vyborg classes. This memorandum will excludeofhips of tho Beloretsk class andhips of the Simferopol class since they do not have the olnimumoct--deomed necessary for the concealed transport of MHBM and larger missiles.
At least mni/a -
llvcrcd5 and orders have been placed for ships of the Krasnograd class during the next plan
l-argo lutch ships have continued to move In the Cuban trade since the lifting of the US quarantine onovember arrival of large hatch ships since lhat dates shown in the attached Figure. etailed listing of large hatch shipand the cargoes they carried through4 is shown ln Tabic II.
These Ships made 34 trips to Cuba ccounting forercent ofalls made by Soviet dry cargo ships in that year. through November, large hatch ships will have made an estimatedrips to Cuba, accounting for aboutercent ol the lotal calls by Soviet dry cargo ships in the same period. This Increase in the use of largo hatch ships in the Cuban trade is consistent with the increasing numbers of large hatch ships made available ln the past two years. The Increased use of those ships is also consistent with the rational usage of shipping
for lhe substantial long-haul movements of large, heavy industrial and agricultural machineryrade denied.substantial amounts of world shipping tonnage.
of large hatch ships indicates that they have not been assigned any unique role in the transport of military cargoes to Cuba in Military shipments, io fact, have declined during the year and .nowriori-pally of maintenance
maintenance Deliveries of Soviet military cargoes to Cuba will now probably be mixed with normal commercial cargoes.
7; The large hatch ships currently In thehave for-
tvne of cmrRoes.
ships are engaged ln basicallyoperations. During2 militarySoviet ships known to carry military cargoesto less thanercent of theirhe large hatch ships io the Cubancargo tonnage aaounting to over 57 - hi.ooinK involve** '
Deliveries cf Large Hatch Ships to the Soviet Merchant Flc<;t
(Jul) /Kovrov (Dec)
) Krasnograd (Dec) Xaracbaevsk (Oct) Xespljsk (Oct)
Kallnlnabad (jun) Kanev (Aug)
iOrenburg (Mar) Okhotsk (JulO
Orekhovo (Oct) Orasha (Nov)
Polotsk (Sep/Oct) ec) Beec)
(May) Xrasnodon (Sep) Xraanokaask (Apr) Xrascourak'sk (Jun) Krasnoye Selo (Oct) Xoasunarsk (Dec)*
Mux OB (Mar) Matsektsinsk (Aug) Morshonok (Oct) Mozdok (May) Mozhsysktsensk (Dec)"
Otrodonoe (Mar) Ola (Jul) Ostrogoihsk (Nov)
Predniprovskryanskl Rabccal (Oct)1
Vyatka (Oct) Vyarna (May) Vellklye Lukl (Jul)
Tbls colurx includes estimated deliveriesmarked vith
to be delivered in Decesiber. Also designated es tbe Perekopodification of the Poltava elf
nrm iaroi hatch ship arrivals rs cdba.
DATK OF ARRIVAL
onsonsonsorn generalncluding bull-dozers and tractora.
ons including:easonsonstons identified general cargo;ons unidentified.
Cargoornfons identified generaltonsons cbcnlesls;orn unidentified general cargo.
Cargooneons cbenicals;toaaons general* tool octal.
totallingtonsonsons fertiliser;ons a*ed cal a;ons general.
Cargoonsons general (including SAMon* oats;ons fertiliser.
EATCE 3HIT ARarVAIfl* (Cooilcued)
Cargoonsoni ammoalum sulfated3 toot general cargo for various projects.
Cargo9 tonsens notal products;ons chemicals;oot general.
Cargoonsonsonsonsonsfii tons general (equip-eent for projects; trucks; tractors end autos).
tons vocdpulpons general ofs unidentified.
Cargoonsonsonsons general cargo (trucks, tractors and equipment).
Cargo3 tons vbaat.
Cargoons including: ej tornons tons octaleneral industrial cargo.
SOVIPr LAROK HATCH SHIP AM
Cargooesoes asBonluaons food; lo tonsons identified generalons unidentified.
Cargo estimated toonsons caustic9 ton* general (Psper, industrial eculpment, motor vehicles and tractors).
Cargo totallingtonsonsoes octal and products;tons general cargo (primarily for various projects).
Cargok0 tons oilitory goods--lncludlngircraft.
Cargoonsons food;onsons netsl
Q2 tODS Jute3 tons
Cargoonsonaons general, ofons trucks and tractors.
SOVIET LARGE HATCH SHIP
Cargooesons foodstuffsons unidentified cargo.
Cargoonsons potatoes;0 tons}ons Industrial equipoent and machinery.
Cargoonsonsaaoniuaons generalonsonsonsons tin and ll6 tons lathes and trucks.
Cargoons including:tonsonsons trucks, tractors and combines.
Cargo1 tonsonsons acta!onsons trailers.
Cargol5 tonsonsonsons general industrial goods.
Cargoons general including equipment for various projects, truck*,combines,ons foodstuff*.Original document.