CRIME AND UNISHMENT IN THE USSR

Created: 10/5/1984

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

REPORT01

COUNTRY: USSR

ANO PUNISHMENT IN THE USSR

EF:

SOURCE:

TEXT: I. fUllHih IHE SOVIET PETJRT^SYSTEM, LABOR COLONIES WERE CLASSIFIED AS "REGULAR COLONIES". "STRICT REGIME <USILENNTT1VERY STRICT REGIME ISTOROGI)SPECIALI COLONIES". AND THE TYPE OF COLONY TO WHICH AN INOIVIOUAL HAS ASSIGNED DEPENDED UPON THE SEVERITY OF THE OFFENSE AND THE SENTENCE IMPOSED. IF THE SENTENCE CALLEO FOR IMPRISONMENTESSER CRIME. THE TYPE OF IMPRISONMENT DECREED DEPENDED UPON THE NEEOS OF THF STATE FOR LABORERS ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS, AND THE LENGTH OF THE SENTENCES HAS REGULATED BY THE GOVERNMENT BASED ON THESE LABOR REQUIREMENTS, BUT ONLY WITHIN THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE DECREED BT LAWARTICULAR CRIME THO - FIVE YEARS FOR THEFTl. THE WORK PROGRAMS WERE KNOWN AS "CONSTRUCTION OF PEOPLES ECONOHICND HERE REFERREDSHILE THE LABORERS HERE KNOWN AS "KM1MIKI". THESE TERMS DATE BACK TO THE TIME WHEN PRISON LABOR MAS USEO TO CONSTRUCT LARGE CHEMICAL COMBINES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE USSR.

2. ARTICLE ORSFSR CRIMINAL CODE MADE

II

.ON'VASTCONSjOEREdW THIN^THE CORRECTIVEEOPLE UJ If THE INFRACTION HAS CONSIDERED MAJOR, HE HAS TRIEDFACILITYIGHER COURT. IN NO CASE HAS THE PRISONER

EH TRIAL*MI THIADOEO TO THE^EXIS

SIMPLE ONE: HE HAS TRIE COURT, WITHIN

Approved ic-r

MSGNO

F.EHOVEO FROM THE CORRECTIVE FACILITY FOR TRIAL.

AS .TON! AN

SOVIET LAWS ON EXILE OR BANISHMENT HAO NOT CHANGED ANO STILL CALLEO FOR AN ADDITIONALIVE TEAR PERIOD OF EXILE AFTER THE ORIGINAL PRISON SENTENCE HAD BEEN SERVEO. THE SEVERITY OF THE SENTENCE WITHIN THE IVE YEAR RANGE OEPENDEO UPON HOW LONG THE STATE WANTED THE INDIVIDUAL OUT OF CIRCULATION AFTER HE HAO COMPLETED HIS ORIGINAL SENTENCE.

INDIVIDUALS CONVICTED OF MINOR CRIMES SUCH AS HOOLIGANISM OR PETTY THEFT HERE OFTEN CONDITIONALLT SENTENCED TO LABOR. AND IN THESE CASES THE INDIVIDUAL HAS ALLOWED TO LIVE AT HIS HOME AND RETAIN HIS PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT, BUT5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN PAYERIOO OF ONE YEAR. IN ANOTHER TYPE OF CONDITIONAL PUNISHMENT SENTENCE, INDIVIDUALS HERE TRANSPORTED TOFOR PERIODS OF ONE - THO YEARS TO HORK OFF THEIR SENTENCES. THESE INDIVIDUALSMALL SALARY ANO HERE ALLOHEO MINOR PRIVILEGES SUCH AS ATTENDING MOVIE THEATERS. IN ORDER TO GET THE MOST PROOUCTlVE LABOR FROM EACH PRISONER, EFFORTS HERE MADE TO MATCH THE WORK SKILLS OF INDIVIDUALS TO SPECIFIC HORK PROJECTS. INDIVIDUALS CONDITIONALLY SENTENCEO TO LABOR OR THOSE SENTENCEO TO "KHJMIYA" WERE CONSIDERED TORIMINAL RECORDERIOD OF THREE YEARS, ANO THEIR INTERNAL PASSPORTS HERE STAMPEDT" (CRIMINAL RECORD I. INDIVIDUALS RETURNING FROM LABOR COLONIES HERE FORCEO TO REGISTER WITH THE LOCAL MILITIA OFFICE AS PAROLEES FOR THREE YEARS. ANY OFFENSE COMMITTED DURING THE THREE TEAR PERIOD, NO MATTER HOH MINOR, HAS SUFFICIENT TO HAVE THE INDIVIDUAL SENTENCED FOR AN ADDITIONAL TERM OF IMPRISONMENT. THE BASIS FOR SENTENCING AN INDIVIDUALABOR COLONY OR TO CONDITIONAL LABOR DEPENDED ON THE SEVERITY OF THE CRIME COMMITTED AND ON THE SENTENCE IMPOSED FOR THAT CRIME.

THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE ARRESTEO ANO CONVICTEO OF SUCH CRIMES AS POLITICAL ACTIVISM OR HOOLIGANISM AT ANY ONE TIME MAS OIRECTLY RELATEO TO THE ATTITUDE OF THE STATE TOWARDPECIFIC OFFENSE AT THAT .TIME, AND TO THE NEEDS OF THE STATE FOR LABORERS AN EXAMPLE. THE STATE'S CAMPAIGN AGAINST HOOLIGANISM IN THE ESTO SSR HAS MARKEOLY STEPPEO UP IN THE LATE CS BECAUSE .AODITIONALtf WORKERS'WERE 'NEEDEDHE"KOKHTLAYARVA OIL SHALE FIELDS. ASA -RESULT, MANY MORE PEOPLE HERE ARRESTED ANO SENT TO LABOR COLONIES IN-THAT AREA. BY LAH, THE SENTENCE FOR HOOLIGANISM HAS ONEIVE' YEARS, ANO MOST OF THE INDIVIDUALS ARRESTED AT THAT TIME RECEIVEO SENTENCES OF TWO TO FOUR YEARS.

fe. ALCOHOLISM HAS ESTIMATEO TO HAVE BEEN INVOLVEO IN5 PERCENT OF ALL CRIMES COMMITTED IN THE USSR, AND UNDER SOVIET LAH. BEINGTATE OF INTOXICATION OURING THE COMMISSIONRIME HAS CONSIDERED "AGGRAVATINGHIS MEANT THAT THE IN01VI0UAL COULD BE SENTENCED TO LONGER TERMS HITHIN THE RANGE OF YEARS OF IMPRISONMENT

IFIC OFFENSE.

Original document.

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