THE SOVIET FORCED LABOR SYSTEM: AN UPDATE (GI-M 87-20081)

Created: 1/1/1987

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TUX SOVIET FORCEDTEH: AX UPDATE

Gulag:oviat Reality

The Soviet Union continues toarge forced labor systemenda to nearly every region of the country

1).

labor in the USSB is far more than a

system to support enforcenent of criminal codes: it is

an integral part of the Soviet economy as welley

mechanism for intimidating Soviet citizens into contpliance with the Kremlin's political norns.

Despite Gorbachev's widely touted Glasnost. analysis of inforoationroad range of sources indicates that the number of forced laborers has grown toillion fromillion estimated in the late ISTOs and now accountsercent of the total Soviet iabor force.

F1HED forced laborers number aboutillion;

2 million are confined in0 heavily secured forced labor canps (seeore are in urban prisons or colony settlements.

LOGGING and WOOD PROCISSIKC Mill occupies many forced laborer* in reaote regions aa it did in the mos:

--Many caarpa are located at the edge or dense taiga foreats in the northern part of European USSR and the Urals area; some are abandoned as areas are logged out and forced laborersto new canps.

casps are springing up.in virgin foreats of Cast Siberia as the timber industry begins to expand eastward.

kihihg or mineral processsing retaains an conmon activity for forced laborers engaged in strenuous and sometitaes dangerous work:

labor caanps are located at or nearreas for: gold, uranium, coal, limestone, stone, clay (forixt. and qravel.

some mines prisoners are used in auxiliary work on the surface, such as cutting tiatber in support of Mining operations.

reed labor carap at the siteronhed rock plant in northern Hnst Siberia was probably nr-eded because of Increased demand for the product

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