PARTISAN ACTIVITY AND DEPORTATIONS IN LITHUANIA

Created: 1/30/1953

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CLASSIFICATION

DATE: *

INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

a

"OOtWTION

INFORMATION REPORT report no.

CO NO.

USSR (Lithuanian SSR)

INFO. Up to 1

SUBJECT Partisan Activity and Deportations in

WE

DISTR. NO. OF PAGES

NO. OF ENCLS.

3 2

ACQUIRED]

TO REPORT NO.

C)

1.

2.

4.

Activity

A partisan group operating in the Lithuanian SSR has been named in honor of

Captainwho,together with his wife,was killed8ight

with the KussTans nearE).

Inhegroup participated in an action in;

trianp.lAr-BhapedE). The Rroup was assisted by the partisanSaukenai. Partisans participating in this action; theWere three times as strong. Thewas disposed as followst

nine men on the edge of the Saukenai forest, seven men near Basilionai, and the remainder in the vicinity of Tytuvenai. The fight was won by the partisans, who had almost no losses. After the fight, the groups had to separate and hide in their bunkers, since inew days the area of the action was surroundedhole regiment of Russians.

In the fallhe IC group was unexpectedly attacked by about At this time the" a* group consisted ofen. Mine Russianstwo were captured, and the rest -ere put to flight. Only twowounded. During the fight, the partisans burnedussianachine guns,ifles, and other booty. The following weektried to attack the group again, but the partisans withdrew fromtondince spring ' ' there have been no majorwitH tnereason for this is that the

Ruosians have not attacked trig

The partisans still have weapons ^though very few compared with thecartridges from the inhabitants

and left themLat an lnnscatea piece lor the partisans. Partisans live in bunkers only during Russian encirclements. It Is very difficult to find places where the partisans can stay in winter, especially since hiding with farmers is impossible

if the fanners belong to kolkhozy. Bunkers are being set upnder the barns and stables of deported farmers and are called "bunkers of the defenders of the nation". The bunkers are two meters wide, four meters lone, and onealf meters high (sic).

The partisans attack traitors, the number of whom is presently increasing because the Lithuanians do not believe that the Americans will make war against the Soviets. The partisans have no pity for traitors, but they never kill themrial. Persons who talk too much are punished by the partisans by having their buttocks scraped or by being floggedrimes.

v-.rv->v * - t

church.

Deportations and. -:

6. The iaatplace in March and

the Russians think that prayer ia the main means of expressing aiSBaTlBTacTlon' with Stalin and the Soviet system. Consequently, * those who pray are arrested as agents. Tne Soviet argument when arrestingerson for praying is, "If you pray to God, you are begging thai the Americans dome to Lithuania." Others who were deported1 were kolkhoznikl who provided only AO percent of their contribution!:.

7. Tbe following technique is used when younger sen are arrested by the MVD.

During the night, the MVDearch of the living quarters of the suspected or betrayed person. If the KVD men find nothing, they take the vlctic's passport and'tell him that it will be returned to him the following day at the KVD office. When the victim goes to the office to obtain his passport, he is told that the KVD has never soon it. They say he is lying and accuse him of giving the passport to the partisans.

The first persons choswn iur ueuunanon were those in the habit of attending

Original document.

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