NEWSCLIP RE GUATEMALA 1954 COUP (W/ATTACHMENT)

Created: 1/14/1953

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

i'08 r.

GUATEMALA. GUATEMALAHE GUATEMALAN CON PROTEST REMARKS BY SEN.ALEXANDER WILEY WHO AS CH FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE MAS ACCUSED OF WAGIN PAIGN AGAINST GUATEMALA'S DEMOCRATIC REGIME." >

THE PROTEST MAS ADDRESSED.TOECLARE THAT COMMUNIST INFILTRATIONENACE TO1THE

COMMUNIST AND PRO7COMMUNIST CONGRESSMEN TOOK TURN THE UNITEDRESIDENT EISENHOWER'S ADMINISTRATI BUSINESS INTERESTS IN GUATEMALAIGHT SESSION UNTIL THE EARLY HOURS OF TODAY.

TODAYHE SENATE' GRESSIVE CAM-

TLY HEARD ERNMENT

1BASTINGHAT LASTED^-

CIA HISTORICAbREVIEW PROGRAM

*KLEASE'dt mmumx auxaheib met

RQ^notti aawrrTn w. s. 3aiate

COMMUNISM IM GUATEMALAA MENACE i Hr'hould like to take time'*aia

1 refer to the problem of Ccraiuniam in Quatenala.

h* *orwntof the aavom.

OT DIVlitf'f US

r - askt us rjss'

THES CgailttUST BSACH-tlfcAE

Tbe sourco of our concern i3 that Guatemala haaeriousfor intermtioal Communism in thia hemisphere.

Ho smokescreen should divert any other paopla or ourselves froa that alarming fact.

The Guatemalan leaders must not be permitted to distort thisand pretend as if ti aof the United 'States ueroiratform measures'" in foreign lands.

Cn the contrary, we aro the first to winh ths Guatemalan people veil In Ir. proving their starlard of living. My country hao doaonstrated BOnolustvely for over tenxouffi technical assistancecur deep intcrtxin Gu&terralaoro ofoc things of life for ita peoplein City and country'Otter food, betterotter health. Thecora of the Unitod SUtos stands for all to boo in wr ccntributiona to similar ^oalciit tne world.

pcfitr What ccncerm us in Gun-tonel* is inUmaUonnlzk* no nlstake: There is no Cctmuniaa btf. tlu .Cccmunisa which takes, order* fiCio ths doepotu of the Kremlin in Kosco*, -

It is an absolute nyth to beliavs that there ishinso-calied native wr local CcoBunlaa.

Coanunisn does not tolerate dis-iidents within it; ranks unywiwo In ihe world. Thereevery evidence to prcve that there has been no di uuancaulan Ccununiste from tha revolutionarylire laidow.

Butant to proveei-lsa oi* clear facts ths interlocks-v; Jitor-relationship between Oustoaalnn Coamunlsit snd Hcscow Cceni-nftse

I am going to cite someactain quest] on *nd an over

ould be expandedajts,very day lheIdcrcea iaul;iplye

Hare, however, for everyone to nee,ews el'.rarts w tark record of the subservience by ihataaalan Crnvnilwi to toocw Criming.

AjfgwatS. TOiff RED?

1. They occupy key spots in radio, preas, agrarianid the social security system.

The Director Ccneral ofxoadccsUns and Director to" tfcj Government Radio StaUon, TOW, Carlo* ALVAIcADO

1 thoresidentPublicity Office,VA,aewunist.

3. In the National Agrarian Deportmsnt, which administers thoiiiun Reform Law, tho number two official, Ifeldemr tARRlOg tlee. Chief ofndc Department,enber cf the Ouataunlar CoBmrist party >

Tho Chief Clerk of thu Department ia Karia Jeres de FUSWi .tLCn of the head of the Coamunist party.

Overther Agrarian Uepartnont officlalo arc publiclyiwnn:crs cf the Cccmunist party, Including atgrarian: if. .crt ..

4. Tho Director of the official ^toMalnnswrity agency, Alfonso SUUI;2AKu,car.unfct,

5o The Daputy Inspector Gannral cf -labor,afcttDamrctber cf theontunlsb

ag ftatteadttai flpramnistarAicml Com: ii >>

d*PB of tha Guatemalan Cowawii.it party,e,.,

TUKX, Victor ManuelCarlosLiCsli, }'Josa AlbertoeW > /'

ortuny,f theast wont to Kcaw in

Jwt returned, after two uontha of usual training andor;*

, fc 7'tonuolestfnc Canonist

iooor boss of OuBtesjla, aftervi- J u,

xn favor of the organisation still headed by For to v.

'!cm organization, TS"c'son nX^tiaS*

omiru'oiio journal citedlo-irac-th*Ccr.muuat esaUy newspaper "Tribune Popular".

oart- wUelHa* of ' .

on DecemberuMir.Hed a- art'do ntenialan

Ija^bhe. Guatemnlan

Gutenalan Govemanrt burnished ato thr; crparty for its firstlly, held on1 - tia :anJa^othert'oili^

't this meeting Jose Manual ^aruNf, Secretary rcorUunt-.malan Cc^uriat party, announcedarty wild Wck nfiioi* in order to participate in future political elections vncor its o^

r.

U. Onhoofficially registered tho ftatunaiUi: Coraoiunlai. party, ttttW groaTing it full recotftitUn underwa if. cUmgartiotwtittaVloml pichibiUon againstoreign, or lnt^routionaL cio meter". (Five days bfifonnscribed, th* 'Jiutenalar.tyis name to "GuatonalonrtyJ'.)

The Guvuiuant patltlaaJL parties controlledesident Arben* Openly supported the Comrunist leaders, Jose hamml fcktunt aad'-anuel Pid-aCSt ir. the3 Congressional cloctiono.

tn Kayresidentaced Victor Ksfi-flAl UWlEiREZ ard Carlos Ksr.uel Pit-EER,eaders viio control Gust aula'sbor Confsdaratlon.

Govonin*nt agencios adverti-ia in the Canonist dailyroviclrv: practically its only visible means of financial

support.

Tha Governmentr. official radio and newspaper havetninr.ted prc-Cov-unist, onti-tnited Jta^-e^ propaganda for years.

Gosmmolst proFa.-anda filns aceirsine ths United States of angiMryr in bacterioloj-lcai warfare" bm beer, eadilbited ir. Governnent buildings.

The Government publicly dornted UO.CCO to the Second Continental Conference of the Cormuniet-run "Internationalf Deaworaticeld ln the Guatemalan Suprtrae Court Building'Oastho Minister of Interior and the Chief Justice of Guatcmala^'WelcbBfid the delcfcatoe

to

21. Sra. Maria Vilanova de ARBEN'Z, wife of the vProa^entr ofuaUaala,ounding afcafcar of the Guatemalan CcanuriisVf ront vonen'srganization "CuaUaalen Feminineiania Feasnana Gmteaaltect).

developments very closely, in con cult ation with tha distinguished .sslitmt Secretary of State for Latin-Znerican Affairs, tha Honorableabot.

i-hen our able Ambassador to Guatemala, John Peurdfoy, visitsxpect to discuss with bin tho problca in greatest detail.

For manyave been in alone contact with the State De;nrtnont or.roblem.

I have supplemented my info mat ion by first hand reports from theae of By colleagues who have visited Guateoala and froa tha reporttaff aeaber of the Senate Foreign Relations Cosnittee itselfsHgncd specifically on this issue.

I want to re-emphasize now that it is not Juot the Unitedona which views tho developments in Guatemala with deepest apprehension. It is the Hemispherehole andoe worldhole.

Ke in the United States, however, have been particularly inj cut by the- Guatemalan Communists for attack.

POISCM SPREAD AOAfflST.

Tbe bitteroot fern of hostility has been daaonstratsd by tho Guttumalan Corouniats in their speecbso, in their press writings toward us.

I have in ay hand an illustration of the type of evil poster which the Guatemalan Coamunlata have published in trying to defame and saear the United States. This poster was published by the mla-named Guatemalan "Laborthat is, the Guatemalan Communists. It purports to show Uncle Sam reaching;out his rifle and bayonetwielding hands to control Guatemala. This ia'a lie which It even lower than the usual level of Red falaohood.

The United States dose not seek to exercise dcralnion over any picple. The United States believesolicy of non-intervention 2ndelieve in the equality of sovereign states, large ond snail. Kt believe in good neighborlinoue and cooperation among all nations. We beliovo in the right of peoples to work out tlieir own destiny in their own way, provided of course Cray do not ham the rights of others.

I conclude, hr. President, with the earnest hope and prayer that the Guatemalan situation will not deteriorate furtber, thus endangering not only the well-being of the Guatemalan people themselves, but the security cfatom Hemispherehole.

itt 8

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