GENERAL-PBSUCCESS - SPECIFIC-PSYCHOLOGICAL BAROMETER REPORT (PERIOD ENDING 26 D

Created: 12/30/1953

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ROUTING 'AND RECORD SHEET

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CM HISTORICAL REVIEW PROfiL RELEASE AS SANmZED

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Psychological Barometer Report (Per

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element of expectancy reported in the last two psychological barometerhas been sustained during this period and the generaltromely fluid, subject to eudden change.

a. At the close of the reportingrominent lawyer whose law practice consists largely of agrarian matters stated that abuses connected with tha application of the agrarian reform are creating further-unrest amongarm owners. According to this source, Carlos Manueleading communist, has been agitating among rural campeslnos, encouraging them-to -establish themselves as squatters' on cultivated land not subject toand distribution under the agrarian reformquattingeen pronounced in the Department of Escuintla, which one source referred toirtual "communist state.1" It has been reported that most of the illegal eqoatting has taken place in the past two weeks. Source believes that this represents an aggressive change in coaiiunist tacticshey hope to extend their influence and infiltration and consolidate their power .prior to theinvasionossible internal revolt by rightist forces. .

In connection with theource close to Alfonso MARTINEZ, head of tho AgraBian Department, is reported to have stated that he (Martinez) recently conferred with Presidont Jacobo ARBENZ and after complaining about cosounist abuses stated that he could not control the situation much longer, probably not beyond Source inferred that Martinez thereby served notice that he too may be entertaining anti-government thoughts and like other officials may bereak with Arbenz in view of the mounting reports that opposition forces aro determined to overthrow the government.

c. The last barometer report noted rumors that Army officers wereoup (with Arbenz* approval). Such rumors have been followed by allegations that the communists themselves are nowoup in order to protect their position. There is no evidence available to confirm these allegations. They are mentioned here to illustrate the aultiplicity and variability of "plot" conversation and related unrest.

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roas article stated that the different exiledmet in El Salvador and agreed to unite. -General Wguelreportedly chosen supreme leader of the various groups, whichheaded by Guillermo FLORES Avendano, Juan CORDOVA Ceroa,andArmas. It is reported from other 'sources that this allegedof the opposition forces in exile is causing considerable

Other aspects of the current situation remain relatively unchanged. There are no significant economic factors to report. Turmoil and conflicts withir the official partios is still receiving ouch public attention, and sany people express the opinion that the "revolution" (meaning the unity of tho pro-government elements) is disintegrating.

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