GENERAL-OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES, PBSUCCESS - SPECIFIC-PSYCHOLOGICAL INTELLIGENCE

Created: 1/29/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS SANITIZED

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A.

SUBnCT

I SPECIFIC

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Procscores, IBSUCCESS Pin-ohologioal Intelligence (FX)

fooa special tactical and diversionary requlreoants all PBSUCCESS Stations will oanoentrate their EJFTRS effort on Paychologioal Intelligence (Pi). PIpecial prooedure to oast tha requiremanta of PBSUCCESS.

Upon receipt of thla directive, tha Peychologlofil Barometer Reporta prepared heretofore vill be discontinued, aa LIHCCLH will undertake tbla task and prepare aaa* for Haadqaartara and the field baaed on orarall information.

J, Th* prccedurea defined Ln thla Dlreotlre will be lap lemon ted upon raoalpt.

B. HeceBaitvi

Political notion requires political intelligence. Military oparatlona require lmilitary IntelILgenoe. Psychological oparationa require PI. PI fumishea tha Information on which psycho logical oparatlona are baaed| PI furnishes tba lnfomation faylvhlch psychological oparatlona ara eraTnated.

0. Objectives of PIi

To ascertain enemy psychological strengths and vulnerabilities.

To ascertain epeolflo moans of attacking the enemy by psychological warfare.

To ascertain friendly psychological strengths and vulnerabllltlea.

A, To ascertain specific means of bolstering friendly forces by psyohologioal moans.

iokm ho. c| oo

To ascertain tbe offeotiveneao, or look thereof, of PflSDCCESS fflGOM activities.

To aacorijur the psychological readiness of friendly and ene^ forcea for the implementation of the euocesaive Btagas ef fflSDCCESS.

d. Definition! 1. Qenarft],

atter ofaolidly supported by facts. PIorderly examination of the attitude* in and toward aof both friendly and hostile individuals and social groups. analyses the mind and mood of specific individuals andin specific sub-areas of the target. Out of these speoifioPI at regular intervalseneral appraisal of thearea's attitudes,

enooapaasofl suoh that nay appear to be mere operationalthe one hand, and mere overt information on tha other. In orderthe value of ouch materials, the anolyat shouldramewhich takes into consideration!

(1) The general and basic oonditlona.

habits prevailing in the target area,

special vulnerabilities, and

traditional receptivity of the people to certainideas or means of oommunlcaUon. If the target be aits armed forces, for example, the collector must be alertedfor all Information, fact and rumor, which may betho target and againet the sain elements of its support,to create an atmosphere of doubt, confusion, and final loaain which the target, shorn of major elements ofsupport, must retreat, resign its efforts, or disintegrate.

2. Spoclfio

ill concentrate on nine specific population centers IHlSB target country, and will attempt to provide aa ocwplots coverage as possible of the prevailing attitudes in each.

T The nine population centers will be identified by the following symbolsi

BAKHt

CHARXI5

EAST

FOX

GSOIGE

HOW

item

Identities will be forwarded by oeble. b, ArjBmA

(1) Arenas in this Instance apply to tbe speoial sphere of activity of certain selected groups, cliques, or social levels, for example, the poll tied arena, the military arena, etc. The arenas of specific PI interest pertaining to JBSOCCESS are categorised as followsi

(a) Military--Of floers

ap-Soldi era Polios

Anti-govsrnaent

groups Tribal groups Student groups (pro and

gejlv Reportst

1. RoprtiT Stations

Guatemala,

to LINCOLN on the geographic areas above.

"twill make daily PI reports groups of WSBURNT indicated

SECfitr

Since dally PI material ia principally orert or Band-overt, or capable of being repreaented aa much, none of itlassification higher than CQHFIDKaTHL, and is therefore eligible for unacccopanled pouch.

3.

Five oopiea of dally PI reporta froa reporting stations will be sent to LIHCQUf by unaccompanied pouch.

A. ioiM

Reporting stations will study the format of tha "Daily Press Digest' prepared and dispatched by the respective embassies la which they are located. Dally PI reports will ba prepared and mimeographedimilar manner, as followsi

daily PI reporta will be eseeablcd under the heading

of "Supplementary Rows Digest." The olty of origin will ba indicated directly below thla title.

lo mention whatever will be made of tha respective embassy or any ODIOB agency, although in form and format the PI reporta resemble tha Embassy Press Digest.

Tbe "Supplementary Neva Digest* is unclassified.

Since waybill pouches are nnacooapanled and tha possibility of their compromise or surreptitious examination la over present, oartain oode procedures are essential if LINCOLN la to be guided properly in its evaluation of the apparently overt Information oontalned in the daily FT reports.

(1) gojjroa:. The sources of PI information will ba Identified

by tho following indicator si

controlled source

uncontrolled source, overheard conversation, etc. Provide naae of organ and data.

R Name station and time Item broadcast. If possible. Tposters, handbills, etc. Describe location, distribution,f possible.

(2) Scurye Accuracy, far PI purposes, the accuracy of the Information providedource, rather than tba general reliability of the source, will be rated* To take extreme amporaunist aewapapar nay on ocoaalon state facte correctly,on-Communist eourae Bay be ad.8taken. In each Instance, tbe reporting officer mist Judge the content of tha report on tba following scalei

A

Accurate

Possibly Accurate

Probably Accurate

Doubtful

Untrue or PaurlcatJ.cn

Unknown

CoTarapa. Every report oust indicate tbe coverage of the Item reported on, according to tha following scalei

to acre0 people

to0

toto

to

to less.

(A) Sensitivity. Since dally PI reports are intended far um ln psychological operations, it la essential that the reporting officer indicate the sensitivity of the information according to the following scale i

gparaphrase very carefully bsome paraphrase required ino paraphrase required

irumor

Kcommon knowledge.

(5) TMt QuflfltlODfl.

(u) From time to time, uniU will send to tbe reporting stations for PI, by cable or pouch, certain teat questions to be applied to the geographic areas and social groups beingample test question might readi "What is the reaction to the military pacts now being negotiated by COY OK with JttPUJSH,nd WS HOOFS

(b) all replies to specific test questions will be identified by the symbol prefixins the serial number of tha apeciilo test question

5. Cable Reports

tbe Chief of any reporting Station deems it essential, hedaily PI items by oabls, or say comment on pouched items byof Station are in8trueted to make the most mtitt UB0PI.

itsms of PI interest, but too sensitive for transmittalpouch, will be cabled.

RnhTrtlnr Mttti

Same as for Daily Reports.

frirnntiirw

ODACID pouch, to LIWCOLK, info DIB. A. Format

Svations will submit.housand words or less,dispatch jjorm, their Weekly Evaluated PI Estimate of the PItheir respective countries.

Weekly Evaluated PI Estimate will be divided into two partai

Estimate of tbe Enoqy Situation.

Estimate of the Friendly Situation.

c. The Weekly Evaluatod PI Estimate will giro Station Chlefe an opportunity to expreso their views on Information at hand and on tho general psychological aituation.

G. f Rocortsi

LKCQUI will utilize the Daily PI reporta for abort-run HUG CMS guidance and preparation of PU materials.

LINCOLN will collate tha Weekly Evaluated PI le time Les froa Reporting Stations, plus PBIS, US Press reports, ODACID reporta,n order toeekly PBSUCCESS Evaluated PI Eatimate will be furnished to Reporting Stations.

Based on tbe abovo, LINCOLN villi

PBSUCCESS RUG OWN operations

tho effectiveness, or lank thereof, of PBSUCCESS

tbe appropriate tempo for the implementation of tbeof HWWCIS3,far ua parooolo^oal operations ere concerned.

In all PI reporting, timeliness is of the essence.

JEROME G. DUNBAR

Attachaente

uatemala

1 J

INC OUt

Tha followingample of tho Dally FX report

EWS DIQEST

Guatemala City, Guatemalai

PIP officials are considering altering their party statutes in order to permit dual aerabarshlp ln tha PAR and PGT. PvF5h

Bus driver, on dlecharging paasongers In vicinity. Embassy, chanted 1 "Hake your application for political asylum now, ladies and gentlemen." PxAoi

ean only in ABDt, posters showing Uncle Sam trending on poor Guatemalan farmers.

I. Areasi II. Arenasi

III. Sourceoi

hp. s

pi

ABLE, BAKER, CHARLIE, DCC, POX, HCW,R0S, ITEM

Military (Officers,Solders, Police)

ft)ic al (Pro-Cover maont, Anti-Government)

rrofesoional, Buainess, Landownere

Labor (Urban, pro and anti-Consnuniotj Rural, pro and anti-Communist, white collar, including government employees, pro and aaU-Cosnninist)

Soclologioal (Religious groups, tribal groups, ,

student, pro and anti-Communist, groups, women, pro and '

PVa controlled souroe

Han uncontrolled source, overheard conversation, etc.

RXPress. Provide name of organ and dato.

R Radio. Provide name of station snd time of broadcast, if possible.

V for posters, handbills, etc. Describe location, distribution,f possible.

Q (plus no.)for teat questtone.

Gradingi

A -

B - Z

C - 3

Dntrue or fabrication 5

f -

more0

0

leas

araphrase veryome paraphrasoo paraphrase required

ufior

ommon knowledge

V. Timelinessi Essential

RA3h)

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