VETERAN SWEDISH AIRMEN OBSERVE, DESCRIBE DISK-SHAPED AIRCRAFT OVER SKAAN E

Created: 4/1/1954

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- CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO DltOADCA0T6 CO NO.

- Uocooveotional

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VETERAN SmiSBAlWODESCRIBEl PC RAFT OVER SKAAKS

/foe information io thle report ves takes froa three articles vhlch appeared in the liberal Stockhola daily, Parens Kyhe_ternd In the rood it ion' or tbe fir at tvondepetitions eleaeots have been oslttcd. Tbe third article Is given In full.

* Rumbcra In parentheses refer to nppocded sources^/

Tbe chief pilot for Traosalr Airlines, Plight Captain Dlf Chrietiernssoo, aod his flight mechanic, Olle Johaossoo, reported tbatbe afternoon ofhlle flyingver Skaano, they sighted aelrcolar aetal object flying lo aa opposite direction of thenpeed estimated at about tbe speed of souod. Tbe alraeo estimated that tbe object vas abouteters In diameter. 1

Captain Chrlstlernsson, at present employed by Transair In flying the morning (Stockholm) papers to southern Sweden, has very extensive airhaving servedolunteer ylth the BAPinishing hie service vith the rank of captain. Be flevmissions against enemyTroa North Africa and Italy.

Captain Christternsson made the folloving statetoot to Dagcns Nybeter:o not doubt for an instant that it vaset plane. avompletely unorthodox, metallic, sycsctrlc, round object vnich vat unlikeI have seen before. Tbe aysterlous object appeared suddenly on the air route traveled by all controlled air traffic between Bulltofta and Brora* (at KalaS.and Stockhola 1espcctlvely]. yself waa en route to Bromaa.

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3 LANGUAGE Swedish

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svkpisb aikkkn ckfjwe,

DESCR1SSTJtCRAFT OVER SKAAJE

information lo this report vas taken froa three articles which appeared In the liberal Stockholm dally, pa gene Eyheterna In the rendition of the first tvo articles (l8 andepetitions elements have been omitted. The third article Is given lo full.

* numbers In parentheses refer to appended

The chief pilot for Transnir Airlines, Flight Captain Ulfhis flight mecbaoic. Oil* Johansson, reported that on the afternoonDechile flyingver Skaane, they sighted acircular actal object flying lo an opposite direction of thea at aat about the speed of sound. The airmen estimated that tbeabouteters lo diameter.

Captain Christier On eon, at present employed by Trsnsalr in flyingIStockholm) papers to southern Sweden, has very extensive airhaving servedolunteer with the RAFervice with the rank of captain. E* flevissloai against enemyTrooV Borth Afrlc* and

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Captain Chrletiernsion made th* follovlng statement to parens Kyheter;o not doubt for an Instant that it vaset plane. ompletely unorthodox, metallic, sy-xetrlc, round object vnlch was unlikeI have seen before. The Bysterious object appeared suddenly on tbe air route traveled by all controlled air traffic between Bull toft* and Brum* (at Kalnoand Stockholm tespectlvely). yself vas en route to Brc

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Overv ao objectoo ay right end obliquely la front of me, flyingomewhat lover altitudehich athought toet Plane. The silhouotte was thin and It approached meery high velocity. Olle Johanssonave discussed the natter of its speed, and comparing Its speed with, for example, that of the "Flying, we have eatlmalea tbe spec! to be about that of sound. The whole business took place fantastically quickly,elieveas able to see the objecteconds.

"When tbe object gotas able to ascertain that it was syssetrle and metallic. It la very difficult to describe sccethlog that one has never seen before,ould say that It lookedlying loieng*. The object did not seem.torev. but seemel more toobot. Vhen it passed under lb* wing [of theould no longer see It. Tho mechanic, who vas able to observe it for five more seconds, confirms the fact that it was circular or possibly somewhat elliptical lo form. Ht the tima of the incident, we were flying at an altitudeeters and the cloud ceiling waseters. Thus, tbe object should have been flying at an altitude oflters. Ve estimated the slie to be abouteters in It.left no exhaust or condensation trail.

*We ar* both absolutely convinced that it eould not bee*eteor or other eelestlal phenomenon. Ve did oot see any distinct light but were only able to see that tbe objectetallic lustre. Immediately after thewe reported to F5 in LJungbyhed and to tb* regional civil air security service at Bulltofta. The course of the object was so'Jth-southwest. The whole thing happened so quickly that we could not have managed to change course [and follow the object).

ohansson's atateoent was as follows: as sitting forward in tbe right-hand seat of the pilot's csbio vhen Captain Chrlstlernsaon pointed to th* object. av vaa aa ellipse with sharp outlines and something between silver and whit* In color. av it for abouteconds. It was approaching from the northirection opposite to ours,peed ofilo-netera per hour. It was flying entirely above the clouds. Frets Kelsowe were able to see tbe ground forew myrleaeter* and *fter that thereloud covering all tb* vay to Stockholm. Ve were flyingpeed of about no kilometers per hour. Ten minutes-after the incident, we met an SAS (Scandinavian Airlines System) DC-Jt. Thereupon, ve estimated the object's speed et about three times that of the DC-*. There aeeaed to be no flames or smoke trail from the object. Since w* had tbe automatic pilot on, we had oo chanee to turn quickly enough towhere the object went.-

Def*Mecoeuualou* on the lncideat read as foUows:7 hour* on Thursday, tb* crewivilian commercial plane observed, in tbe vicinity of Bassleholm, an unknown object which movedigh speedirection opposite to that of the plan*. Th* object vas viewedt the time of the incident, there was clear weather at theat vhich the plane vas flying. Because of tbe low cloud celling, the object could not have been seen frcn the ground. Within the knowledge of tbe Defense Staff, there was no Swedish plane in-the area concerned at th* tine of the incident. Investigation continues."

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Reports of "flying saucers" have arisen in both Europecountless occasionsecenthut, accordingtatement to Parens Rvreterember of the Air Staff, these observations over Skaana can be.termed the clearest and most"detailed which heretofore have been made regarding mysterious, unknown alreraft.(l)

"When th* object gotss *ble to ascertain that it vss) motaUic. It is very difficult to describe something that one has never seen before,ould say that it lookedlying lozenge. The object did not seen, torew, but sccocd more toobot. When it passed, under the vlog (of theould no longer see it. The mechanic, vbo vss able to observe It for five more seconds, confirms the fact that it vas circular or possibly somewhat elliptical inbe time of the incident, ve vere flying at an altitudeeters and the cloud celling vaseters. Thus, the object should have been flying at an altitude ofeters. Ve estlmatcd-tbe sire to be abouteters in It.left no exhaust or condensation trail.

"Ve are both absolutely convinced that it eould oot have been acelestial phenomenon. Ve did cot see any distinct light but vereto see that tbe objectetallic lustre. Immediately after theve reported toin LJungbyhed end to th* regional civilservice at Bulltofta. The course of the object vasvholc thing happened so quickly that ve could not have managed to[and follow the

.Olle Johansson's statement vas as follovs: as sitting forward In the right-hand seat of the pilot's cabin vhen Captalo Christier n* son pointed to the object. av was an ellipse with sharp outlines and something between silver and white ln color. aw it for abouteconds. It vas approaching from the northirection opposite to ours,peed ofper" hour. It was flying entirely above the clouds, from Kalsove vere able to ace the ground forev myria--neters and after that there was .Becloud covering all tbe way to Stockholm. Ve were flyingpeed ofilometers per hour. Ten Binutesjafter the incident, ve net as SAS (Scandinavian Airlines System) Thereupon, we estimated the object's speed at about three times that of the There seemed to be no flames or smoke trail from the object. Since we had the automatic pilot on, we had no chance to turn quickly enough to see where the object vent^H

The Defense Staff's short coeaininiquc on the incident read as follovs;7 hours on Thursday, the crewivilian commercial plane observed, in tbe vicinity of Ea'selehola, an unknown object vhich movedigh speedirection opposite to that of the plane. The object vas viewedt the time of the incident, there was clear weather at theat which tbe plane was flying. Because, of the lov cloud ceiling, tbe object could not have been seen fron the ground. Vlthin the knowledge of the Defense Staff, thero vas oo Swedish plane ln-the area concerned at tbe tie* of tbe Incident. Investigation continues."

Reports of "flying saucers" have arisen in both Europe

ember of theStaff, these observations over.Skaane can be. *the-cleared and most'detalled which heretofore have been eiad*unknown

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F.xperts_BayObJcct^Vas^ Dnyllcht Meteorite

Both tb* Defense Staff and the Air Staff vere working feverishly 00 ecraber) to solve the mystery of the "flying lnseoge." They arrived at no definite result, but the experts are mostly of the opinion that the observed objectaylight meteorite. The poielblllty that it'allon or an unknown type of foreign aircraft is not ruled out, how-'" ever. The theoryeteorite vas put forth by one of the persona in Sweden best acquainted with the region, Bertll Llndblad of the observatory lo Lund.

According to Llndblad, precisely in December the earthwarmknown as the Gcmlnlds. Ths maximumocrurrcd3 December. Studleethe meteors have thovo that juet at the A1 me of day at vhlch tbe O houretbe meteors are approaching the earth at an3 degrees vhlch means that their path is nearly parallel to the the direction of the aeteors ic froa north to south vith aofegrees vhlch also seems to agree vith the observationsspace, meteorspeed ofilometers per second, but the speedvery greatly vheo they ccue into the vicinity of the earth. Itheretofore been possible to observe meteors during the day eo lt is nothow they look la daylight, vhen the earth passed the saae meteorone meteor vas observed sose days after tbe swara bad disap- That meteor vastraggler. It vas observed atand therefore gaveeak, red glow. It fell also ntf an -entirelyangle since itifferent time of

Captain KAllealui of the Defense Staff stated that other possibleof the phenomenon have not been vrlttea off by any means. vcdlsh balloons have been sent up, but propaganda and weatherhave been sent up fron both Germany and Denmark. With the type-ofveather prevailing Id recent days, It vould have been possible for ato have been driven over Svodco. Captain Chrletlerasaoo and bisJohansson, stated in their report that tbo apeed of tho objectof sound; however, there la great difficulty In Judging speeds ofobjects, even for experienced observers. Captain KallealusIf aballoon prior to its obaerratlon had soaredreat altitude,have lost some of its gas, givinglat

In some quarters, Captain Cbrletlerossoa's report has been regardedrank. The Defense Staff, however, does not considerrank. Chrletlernsaon, on returning froa another flight to Kalaoriday, gave heated assurances tbat Ms report was the absolute truth. Be said, "To beit, but one does not Joke about things like this. aw something and reported ay Vhat lto not

Object Stale! to Be Advertising'

Tbe mysterious "flying loienge" over Etsslebola vas probablyobot weapon, it waa more likely an advertising balloonperfume flra. The object vaa observed0 onon the same.day0irector Bertll Dahletrfta ofbeen up at Asphull on Llnderodsaasen, terse nyrlaaeters south ofrcltM-

On Saturdayecember) Dahletrcai telephoned Dagensffice and said, "With all certainty, it la one of our balloons vhlch the flyers saw. Oo Thursday-noon, ve sent upalloons cf various colore. Their sites varied froaoentimeters In diameter. According to vhat

Sweden best acoualoted with tbe region, Bertll Llndblad of tbe observatory lo

According to Llndblad, precisely Id December the earthuara of neieora huova as the Oealnlds. Tbe maxtaua occurred onecember. Studies of th.,hown that just at the tlae of da, at which the object-vaa tern 0he meteors erl approaching the earth at an angleegrees which means that their path Is nearly parallel to the earth's surf.ee. The direction of the meteors Is froa north to south with aofegrees which also seems to agree vith tbe observations made. In space, meteorspeed ofilometers per secend, but the apeed la reducedgrcntly when they COM into tbe vicinity cf the earth. It has not heretofore been possible to obacrve meteora during tba day so It isnown how they look In daylight. Vhen the earth passed the same meteor swarm lastone meteor was observed soae days after the swara had dieep-

TM iJ^t1 DeUOr V"raggler. It vas observed atend therefore gaveeak, red glow. It feU also at an-entlrelpangle since ltifferent time of 7

Captain Ka Ileal us of the Defense Staff stated that other possibleof tha phenonenon have cot been written off by any means. Tono Swedish balloons have been sent up, but propaganda and weatherhave been seot up from both Germany and teoeark. Vith tbe type ofweather prevailing In recent days, it would have been possible for ato have been driven over Sweden. Ceptatn Chrietlernesoa and hlaJohansson, sUted in their report that tb* speed of the objectof sourd; however, there le great difficulty la judging speeds ofobjects, even for experienced observers. Captain Kallenluaif aballoon prior to ita observation had soaredreat altitude,have lost some of Us gas, givingiat fora.

JDCbrlstiernsson's report has been regarded as a

prank. The Defense Staff, however, does not considerrank. Chrlstlernsjou, on returning froa another flight to Kalao on Friday, gave heated assurances that bis report vas the absolute truth. Be said, "To beit, but on.

El! tM": wand reported my obserre-

Hons. Vhat ito not

Object Stated to Be Advcrtisine Balloon

Tbe mysterious "flying losenge" over Rasslcbola was probablyeteorobot weapon, it was more likely an advertising balloon for-a aa perfume firm. The object vaa observed0 eneceaber) jnd on tbe same.day0irector Bertil Dahlstroa of Kalao

lt on Llndercdsaasen, aome ayrlaacters south of Baselebola,

releas: ;coOlooa*.

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ecember) DahlatrBa telephoned DagensIlh *u" Is oneoooa, ve sent upalloons of various colore.

Their sites varied froaoentimeters In diameter. According to what we know frca previous occasions, tbe balloons ought toeters and

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maybe still higher, depending en the veather. To each balloon vaa attachedcard which tbe finder vas to return to the firm ln Mnlnoottle of cologne. Some cards have already been returnedvith addresses in EBssleholm, so it Is clear that the balloonsby the prevailing vlnds to the place vhere the flyers observed the

As of Saturday evening, the Air Staff did oot knew about tb* Skaane Oo th* other hand, the Air Staff hadelephone rail froaperson In Kalao, radio technician Lucdblad. On tbe day before tbee had sent up three veather balloonsurrent model. The wind vas so strong and lnirection that it le not likely that any of the three balloons could have rerAlncd over Skaane. Meteorological balloons areaters ln diameter^

Whether *he perfume advertising balloons, vhich are considerablymeteorological lalloons, could, through angles of refreation andlight, take oo th* appearance and alee vhich Captain Christiernssonobject to be,uestion vhich cannot be answered until detailedare made. Very likely, composite photographs and otherbe utilized to determine the

Bo new observations have teen reported duringnd the experts are nov working with the material vhich eaae in earlier. Telephone calls have been receivedumber of persons vlth nev theories, some of which vill be tested. In the meantime, tbe balloon theory seems to have been strengthened through the latest reports from

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loons. On tht other hand, the Air Staff hadelephone call froapereoo laadio technician LundVlad- On th* day before the(Ide had sent up three veather balloonsodcl. Tb*as so strong aad Inirection that itot likely that any of the three balloons could have re coined over Skaane. Meteorological balloons areeters in dlamet*^.

Whether the perfuse advertising balloons, vhich are considerablymeteorological balloons,could, through angles of refraction andlight, take on the appearance and site vhich Captain Chrl*ti*rn**onobject to be,uestion vhich cannot be ansvered until detailedare made. Very likely, composite photographs and otherbe utilized to determine the

Bo nev observations have been reported duringnd tbe experts ar* nov vorklng vlth the material vhich case In earlier. Telephone calls have been receivedumber of persons vlth nev theories, some of vhich vlll be tested. Tn the meantime, the balloon theory seeaj to have been strengthened through tbe latest report* from

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