SOVIETS PLAN EXTENSIVE HIGH CAPACITY MICRO-WAVE SYSTEMS

Created: 3/29/1956

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CSM No. No

6

CURRENT SUPPORT MEMORANDUM

SOVIETS PLAN EXTENSIVE HIGH CAPACITY MICRO-WAVE SYSTEMS

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

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release as8

Thii report represent* the Immediate views of the originating intelligence components of the Office of Research ond Reports. Comments are solicited.

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Information affecting thft natmnal Muuat uf

the United Statea. with!

USC. Sections Tjia-eflH" 7M. the transmission or

any

to an unauthorized person is prohibited

The soviet Sixth Five Yoar Plan calls for the installation0 kilometers of radio relay links believed to be of the multi-channel micro-wave type. 1/ In the first amplification of this goal, Professor Vastly Smirnov, present position unknown, stated that the first of these links, connecting Moscow with other cities in the European USSR,ave been planned, and that some are already under construction.

tatements also strongly support the belief that these planned systems will involve high capacity micro-wave techniques. Apparently referring to the micro-wave system in operation between New York and San Francisco, heotwork which could0 telephone conversationstelegrams, radio pictures, and television programs. The professor impliedimilar system will be Installed between Moscow and Vladivostok and between Central Asia and the Black and Baltic seas.

Smirnov's statements also tend to support the belief that the Soviet Union lags well behind the West ln high capacity micro-wave radio relay design, production and application. The article said that during the Sixth Five Year Plan the basic equipment for powerful links providing thousands of channels as well as smaller ones of only several hundred channels capacity will be designed and put Into production.

The belief that the USSR lags well behind the West lnequipment is also supported by the installation ofquantities of East German low capacity so-called(decimeter wave) equipment for relatively short distance point-to-point communication on Soviet military vehicles.ho Soviet forces do not normally utilize imported equipment when domestic products are available. Some East Germanhas also apparently been Installed at fixed stations ln unuaual circumstancesut no high capacity links are presently known to be in operation ln the USSR.

Installing such high capacity micro-wave systems would greatly strengthen the Soviet long-distance communications system of which about one-half the capacity la believedutilized by the Soviet armed forces. In addition toa large amount of additional capacity, the micro-wave system, like wire lines, ls relatively free from jamming,atmospherics, and radio anomalies. It is also lessto damage than wire lines but, because relay stations must be provided at aboutilometer spacings, isong-range system which comprises no relaybut only the terminal stations.

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SUPPORT

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Coord:

t. fbts, Daily Report, USSR National Affairs, C 39

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FBIS, Daily Report, USSR National, OFF USE

Air. ATIC,7anual for Decimeter Communications EquipmentncTRVGIX and X, Section, C ' ' *

Ibid.

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arch.SUPPORT" age 3

Original document.

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