CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE IN FULL
A collection ol articles on the historical, operational, doctrinal, and theoretical aspects ol Intelligence.
All statements or lact, opinion or analysis expressed in Studies in Intelligence arc those of
the authors They do noi necessarily reflect official positions or views of the Central Intelligence Agency or any oihcr US Government eniity, past or present Nothing in the contents should be consirucd as asserting or implying US Government endorsement of an article's factual statements and interpretations.
The past months have been rather lean ones for first-class books on intelligence, but we have spiedew whichshould be called to your attention.
Two excellent books on the French Resistance duringn and one on resistance In Italy have been added toIn this field. The Story of the Italian Resistance,Batlaglia, will be reviewedater issue ofHere we especially commend for good readingAlone: The Story of British Agents in France,ol. Buckmaster, who headed theof the British Special Operations Executive, hadone excellent book on S. O. E. activities In France,*new one is no less well done. They Fought Alone relatesof British S. O. E. agents dropped into France,their successes and their failures, and tells how theytheir nets. For the perioday, It showsGerman troops were immobilized by the activitiesS.led Maquis, by sabotage, the destruction ofrolling stock, and other means. With pride theGeneral Eisenhower's affirmation that the operationsS. O. E. and the Maquis had shortened the war innine months. The book covers many aspects ofrecruiting and training, communications,sabotage, escape and evasion, security. Col.write on these topics with authority, and he writesand well
Ten Thousand Eyes, by Richards devoted to the activities of those Resistance agent nete under the .control* of"
. US pecially 'mploytd: Th* Story of British Aid to French Patriots of the Resistance. London: The Batch worth.
. lta atoo Kew Tcrt: O- 1BSS.p.
General de Gaulle's Free French Headquarters In London which were primarily engaged in securing intelligence on Hitler's Atlantic Wall from Cherbourg to Le Havre, whereay landings were to be made. The author tells how0 Capt. Andre Dewavrin escaped from France and joined General de Gaulle In London, where he established the Free Frenchset-up and became known to tbe Resistance as Colonel Passy. For Colonel Passy's own story, one should refer to his three volumes of Souvenirs.*
Ten Thousand Eyes also gives the story of some of Dewavrin's liaison with Gilbert Renault-Rouller, known throughout the French Resistance as Rimy, who has described his ownactivities in five volumes, two of which have beenIntomong the manyubjectsin Ten Thousand Eyes are the establishment of agent nets, communications, air/maritime support of agent personnel, and escape and evasion. Primarily, however, the book deals with the clandestine collection of Intelligence Information on beach and inland defenses which was essential to the planners of theand the invasion forces themselves. London needed this Information in minute detail, and It was up to the Resistance to collect it. Ten Thousand Eyes tells how the members of the Resistance would sketch this Information in on sector maps and pass it on to their cartographic service, run by an ex-mechanic In Caen. There the Information was consolidated on master maps to be sent on to England Spine-tingling stories of how this information was secured make theascinating one.
Intelligence in Psychological Warfare
A Psychological Warfare Casebook, compiled by William E. Daugherty in collaboration with Morrisas.just in time for this column to review Its intelligenceDaugherty is an operations analyst with the Johns Hop-
Bureau Londres.uke Street Londres. Monte-Carlo: Rsonl Solar,S7 p. Mlsttom Secretes Bn France- Parli: Plan..
'Memoirsecret Agent of Free France. Kew Tork: UOOraw-Bill, IMC, .
Courage and Fear. London: Arthur Barker Ltd, IBM.. 'Baltimore: Tbe Johns Bopktas.
hin* Operations Research Office, which usually performs Ita functions under contract with the Department of the Army, and Dr. Janowitz Is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Michigan. Both of them saw Intelligenceduring World War II. Theirs exactly what Its titleasebook; the compiler/editors are Introducing into the psychologicalfield the casebook method long usedethod ofIn the law schools.
The editors define psychological warfare as "tbeof propopanda and other actions designed to Influenceemotions, attitudes, and behavior of enemy,friendly foreign groups inay as to supportof national alms andntreating the policy, doctrine, organization, objectives,of psychological warfare, they Include chapters onof Intelligence, research, and analysis, on evaluationand on Soviet psychological warfare. At theeach of thehapters there are lists of references andcollateral reading, constituting in aggregate anbasic psychological warfare bibliography. Eachof articles or extracts on Its subject by variousby tbe editors themselves. The editors have been able tomany official files, and some of the materialunpublished manuscripts or reports. This work,several years In preparation, appears to be not only antool for the beginner In psychological warfaregood refresher and reference work for the expert, but alsofor the study of how Intelligence Impinges on thisdoes, however, have the shortcoming of being too muchwith the military aspects of psychological warfareits non-military role in the cold
.This reviewer believes that the casebook method has moch to commend it for use In more than one field of Intelligence. Some dayasebook might well be published on aspects of the collection and production of intelligence and In suchfields as escape anderious gap ta tatefilgeoce literature would then be filled.
Brief Mention ^
Here arc some other books on various aspects of intelligence which should be called briefly to your attention:
BROME, Vincent The Way Back. New York: W. W. Norton ft. Also London: CasseU ft Co..
' This is the story of Dr. Albertoctor in theArmy who escaped to England after the fall of Francender the pseudonym of Pat O'Leary he wasto the south of France to work for Britishtransporting out of Europe those British airmen who had been shot down and had evaded or escaped
BROWN,r. Loyalty and Security: Employment Tests in the United states. New Haven: Yale University.
Professor Brown here reviews the security programs for screening civilstate, and localwell as loyalty tests snmlnlstered by private employers and labor unions, and recommends improvements. Although this is probably the best book to date on this subject by an author not connected with the government, it still lacks the objectivity and competence which characterized6 report of the Special Committee on the FederalProgram of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York' and7 report of the President's Commission on Government Security."
COWLES, Virginia. The Phantom Major. New York:ft. Also London: '
Virginia Cowlesar correspondent for the London Sunday Times who covered the North African campaign. This book tells the story of David Stirling and his Special Air Service unit which operated behind Rommel's lines in North Africa. 8tirllng was finally captured and imprisoned at Coldits.
York: Dodd, Mead,. 'Wamlnxtoo: U.ort. Print.Original document.