2. Significant Accounting Policies
A. Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the
reported amounts of the assets, liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period and the evaluation of subsequent events through the
issuance date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
B. Foreign Currency Translation
The Trustee will calculate the Trust’s net asset value (“NAV”) each business day, as described in Note 4. For NAV calculation purposes,
Singapore Dollar deposits (cash) are translated at the Closing Spot Rate, which is the U.S. Dollar (“USD”)/Singapore Dollar exchange rate as determined by The World Markets Company PLC, a State Street business, at 4:00 PM (London
fixing) on each day that NYSE Arca is open for regular trading.
The functional currency of the Trust is the Singapore Dollar in accordance
with generally accepted accounting standards. For financial statement reporting purposes, the U.S. Dollar is the reporting currency. As a result, the financial records of the Trust are translated from Singapore Dollar to USD. The Closing Spot
Rate on the last day of the period is used for translation in the statements of financial condition. The average Closing Spot Rate for the period is used for translation in the statements of income and comprehensive income and the statements of cash
flows. Any currency translation adjustment is included in comprehensive income.
C. Federal Income Taxes
The Trust is treated as a “grantor trust” for federal income tax purposes and, therefore, no provision for federal income taxes is required. Interest, gains and losses are passed through to the
Shareholders generally will be treated, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, as if they directly owned a pro-rata share of the
assets held in the Trust. Shareholders also will be treated as if they directly received their respective pro-rata portion of the Trust’s income, if any, and as if they directly incurred their respective pro-rata portion of the Trust’s
expenses. The acquisition of Shares by a U.S. Shareholder as part of a creation of a Basket will not be a taxable event to the Shareholder.
The Sponsor’s fee accrues daily and is payable monthly. For U.S. federal income tax purposes, an accrual-basis U.S. Shareholder generally will be
required to take into account as an expense its allocable portion of the USD-equivalent of the amount of the Sponsor’s fee that is accrued on each day, with such USD-equivalent being determined by the currency exchange rate that is in effect on
the respective day. To the extent that the currency exchange rate on the date of payment of the accrued amount of the Sponsor’s fee differs from the currency exchange rate in effect on the day of accrual, the U.S. Shareholder will recognize a
currency gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
The Trust does not expect to generate taxable income except for interest income
(if any) and gain (if any) upon the sale of Singapore Dollar. A non-U.S. Shareholder generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax with respect to gain recognized upon the sale or other disposition of Shares, or upon the sale of Singapore
Dollar by the Trust, unless: (1) the non-U.S. Shareholder is an individual and is present in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year of the sale or other disposition, and the gain is treated as being from United States
sources; or (2) the gain is effectively connected with the conduct by the non-U.S. Shareholder of a trade or business in the United States.
A non-U.S. Shareholder’s portion of any interest income earned by the Trust generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax unless the Shares owned by such non-U.S. Shareholder are
effectively connected with the conduct by the non-U.S. Shareholder of a trade or business in the United States.
D. Revenue Recognition
Interest on the primary deposit account, if any, accrues daily as earned and is received on a monthly basis.
To the extent that the interest earned by the Trust, if any, exceeds the sum of the Sponsor’s fee for the prior month plus other Trust expenses, if any, the Trust will distribute, as a dividend
(herein referred to as dividends or distributions), the excess interest earned in Singapore Dollar effective on the first business day of the subsequent month. The Trustee will direct that the excess Singapore Dollar be converted into USD at a
prevailing market rate and the Trustee will distribute the USD as promptly as practicable to Shareholders on a pro-rata basis (in accordance with the number of Shares that they own).