2. Significant Accounting Policies
Cash equivalents represent short-term, highly liquid instruments with original maturities of 90 days or less.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Fund invests its cash primarily in money market and demand deposit accounts with commercial banks. At times, cash balances at a limited number of banks and financial institutions may exceed federally insured amounts. Management believes it mitigates its credit risk by investing in major financial institutions.
The Fund accounts for its investments in Treasury STRIPS, which are included in other investments in the balance sheet, using the effective interest method of accretion for the original issue discount. The Fund has the ability and it is its intention to hold the Treasury STRIPS until maturity. Therefore, they are classified as "Held to Maturity" and are carried at cost plus the adjustments for the discount using the effective interest method.
Investments in Local Limited Partnerships
The Fund is involved with the Local Limited Partnerships in which it invests as a non-controlling equity holder. The investments in Local Limited Partnerships are made primarily to obtain federal income Tax Credits on behalf of the Fund’s investors. Such Tax Credits are not reflected on the books of the Fund. The Local Limited Partnerships are Variable Interest Entities ("VIE"s) because the owners of the equity at risk do not have the power to direct their operations. A VIE must be consolidated by the entity which is determined to be the VIE’s primary beneficiary which is the entity that has both (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
The general partners or managing members of the Local Limited Partnerships (the “Local General Partners”), who are considered to be the primary beneficiaries, direct the activities of the Local Limited Partnerships and are responsible for maintaining compliance with the Tax Credit program and for providing subordinated financial support in the event operations cannot support debt and property tax payments. Because the Fund is not the primary beneficiary of these Local Limited Partnerships, it accounts for its investments using the equity method of accounting.
Under the equity method, the investments in Local Limited Partnerships are carried at cost, adjusted for the Fund’s share of net income or loss and for cash distributions from the Local Limited Partnerships. Equity in income or loss of the Local Limited Partnerships is included currently in the Fund's operations. A liability is recorded for delayed equity capital contributions to Local Limited Partnerships. In the event that a Local Limited Partnership records other comprehensive income or loss, the Fund will evaluate its impact on the Fund and determine whether it should be included as other comprehensive income or loss in the statement of partners’ equity. Under the equity method, a Local Limited Partnership investment will not be carried below zero. To the extent that a Local Limited Partnership with a carrying value of zero incurs additional losses, the excess losses will be suspended and offset against future income. Income from these Local Limited Partnerships will not be recorded until all of the related suspended losses have been offset. To the extent that a Local Limited Partnership with a carrying value of zero distributes cash to the Fund, the distribution is recorded as income in the Fund’s statement of operations.
The Fund's exposure to economic and financial statement losses is limited to its investment balance in the Local Limited Partnership and estimated future funding commitments. To the extent that the Fund does not receive the full amount of Tax Credits specified in its initial investment contribution agreement, it may be eligible to receive payments from the Local General Partner under the provisions of Tax Credit guarantees. The Fund may be subject to additional losses to the extent of any additional financial support that the Fund voluntarily provides in the future. The Fund, through its ownership percentages, may participate in property disposition proceeds, the timing and amounts of which are unknown. The Fund does not guarantee any of the mortgages or other debt of the Local Limited Partnerships.
Excess investment costs over the underlying net assets acquired have arisen from acquisition fees and expenses paid. These fees and expenses are included in the Fund's investments in Local Limited Partnerships and are being amortized on a straight-line basis over 35 years once construction of the properties is completed and until a Local Limited Partnership’s respective investment balance has been reduced to zero.
The Fund is subject to risks inherent in the ownership of property whicharebeyond its control, such as fluctuations in occupancy rates and operating expenses, variations in rental schedules, proper maintenance of facilities and continued eligibility of Tax Credits. If the cost of operating a property exceeds the rental income earned thereon, the Fund may deem it in its best interest to voluntarily provide funds and advances in order to protect its investment. The Fund assesses the collectability of any advances at the time the advance is made and records a reserve if collectability is not reasonably assured.
Periodically, the carrying value of each investment in Local Limited Partnership is tested for other-than-temporary impairment. Ifan other-than-temporary decline in carrying value exists, a provision is recorded to reduce the investment to the sum of the estimated remaining benefits. The estimated remaining benefits for each Local Limited Partnership consists of the estimated future benefit from tax losses and Tax Credits over the estimated life of the investment and the estimated residual proceeds at disposition. Estimated residual proceeds are allocated in accordance with the terms of each Local Limited Partnership Agreement. Generally, the carrying values of most Local Limited Partnerships will decline through losses and distributions. However, the Fund may record an impairment loss if the expiration of Tax Credits outpaces losses and distributions from a Local Limited Partnership.
Management has elected to report results of the Local Limited Partnerships on a 90-day lag basis because the Local Limited Partnerships report their results on a calendar year basis. Accordingly, the financial information of the Local Limited Partnerships that is included in the accompanying financial statements is as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for the years then ended.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The Fund has elected to be treated as a partnership which is a pass-through entity for income tax purposes and, as such, is not subject to income taxes. Rather, all items of taxable income, deductions and Tax Credits are passed through to and are reported by its partners on their respective income tax returns. Accordingly, these financial statements do not reflect a provision for income taxes and the Fund has no other tax positions which must be considered for disclosure. The Fund is required to and does file tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service and other state and local tax jurisdictions which are subject to examination for tax years 2008 through 2011.
Events that occur after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements were available to be issued are evaluated for recognition or disclosure. The effects of subsequent events that provide evidence about conditions that existed at the balance sheet date are recognized in the accompanying financial statements. Subsequent events which provide evidence about conditions that existed after the balance sheet date require disclosure in the accompanying notes. Management evaluated the activity of the Fund and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in the financial statements or disclosure in the notes to the financial statements.