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HQ 963693

July 12, 2002

CLA-2 RR:TC:TE 963693 TMF


TARIFF NO.: 6505.90.2060

Patrick Pascarella,
Viking Sea Air Freight, Inc.
486 Sunrise Highway
Rockville Center, New York 11570

RE: Classification of a polyurethane plastic-coated, woven cotton headwear from China

Dear Mr. Pascarella:

This letter is in response to your letter dated November 23, 1999, to the U.S. Customs Service National Commodity Specialist Division, on behalf of Presidio International, Inc., in which you requested a tariff classification ruling on a polyurethane plastic-coated, woven cotton baseball style cap (Style N5HA003) under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTSUSA). One sample, along with a textile headband, was previously submitted to the National Commodity Specialist Division prior to the issuance of NY F80024, dated December 24, 1999. In NY F80024, Customs classified the textile headband and referred the classification of the article at issue to our office for our reply.


The article at issue is manufactured in Hong Kong, China. It is a polyurethane plastic-coated, woven 100% cotton fabric baseball style cap that has a woven cotton lining. It features a 6-panel crown with a fabric button on top and an adjustable hook and loop strap at the back.


What is the classification of the polyurethane plastic-coated woven cotton cap under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTSUSA)?


Merchandise is classifiable under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated (HTSUSA) in accordance with the General Rules of Interpretation (GRIs). GRI 1 provides that classification shall be determined according to the terms of the headings and any relative Section or Chapter Notes. Where goods cannot be classified solely on the basis of GRI 1 and if the headings or legal notes do not require otherwise, the remaining GRIs 2 through 6 may be applied.

Additionally, the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System Explanatory Notes (ENs) are the official interpretation of the Harmonized System at the international level. While neither legally binding nor dispositive, the ENs provide a commentary on the scope of each heading of the HTSUSA. See T.D. 89-80, 54 Fed. Reg. 35127, 35128 (August 23, 1989).

The HTSUSA provisions under consideration are as follows:

6505 Hats and other headgear, knitted or crocheted, or made up from lace, felt or other textile fabric, in the piece (but not in strips), whether or not lined or trimmed; hair-nets of any material, whether or not lined or trimmed:

Of cotton, flax or both:
Not knitted:
Certified hand-loomed and folklore products; and headwear of cotton, Other

6505.90.2590 Other

The merchandise at issue is a plastic-coated, woven cotton cap that covers entirely the wearer’s head. A cap is a type of headgear. Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition (1999), defines headgear as a covering or protective device for the head. Rulings issued by Customs have based the definition of headgear on the Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged Edition (1983), which describes headgear as “any covering for the head, esp. a hat, cap, bonnet, etc.” See HQ 087539, dated September 20, 1990.

In HQ 087539, it is noted that “Certain articles (wigs, shawls, veils) which may be worn on the head are excluded from Chapter 65 either by the Chapter Notes or the Explanatory Notes, while other articles such as headphones are provided for in heading 8518, HTSUSA. Finally, we do not consider headbands, sweatbands and barrettes, which are worn on the head or in the hair in order to keep hair out of the eyes or off the forehead to be classifiable as headgear.”

2 The noted exceptions to Chapter 65 are as follows:

Headgear for animals (heading 42.01).

Shawls, scarves, mantillas, veils and the like (heading 61.17 or 62.14).

Headgear showing signs of appreciable wear and presented in bulk, bales, sacks or similar bulk packings (heading 63.09).

Wigs and the like (heading 67.04).

Asbestos headgear (heading 68.12).

Dolls’ hats, other toy hats or carnival articles (Chapter 95).

Various articles used as hat trimmings (buckles, clasps, badges, feathers, artificial flowers, etc.) when not incorporated in headgear (appropriate headings). In the instant case, the merchandise is described in a manner that meets both definitions aforementioned. Further, the article meets the definition of the term “cap,” defined in Merriam, as “a head covering especially with a visor and no brim.”

We refer to the General Explanatory Note to Chapter 65, which offers an expansive definition of the term “headgear”:

With the exception of the articles listed below [see footnote 2] this Chapter covers hat-shapes, hat-forms, hat bodies and hoods, and hats and other headgear of all kinds, irrespective of the materials of which they are made and of their intended use (daily wear, theatre, disguise, protection, etc.).

It also covers hair-nets of any material and certain specified fittings for headgear.

The hats and other headgear of this Chapter may incorporate trimmings of various kinds and of any material, including trimmings made of the materials of Chapter 71.

The instant cap is a type of headgear that is composed by sewing cut components of polyurethane-coated woven cotton material together. The EN to heading 6505 state that the heading covers:

[H]ats and headgear (whether or not lined or trimmed) made directly by knitting or crocheting (whether or not fulled or felted), or made up from lace, felt or other textile fabric in the piece, whether or not the fabric has been oiled, waxed, rubberised or otherwise impregnated or coated.

It also includes hat-shapes made by sewing, but not hat-shapes or headgear made by sewing or otherwise assembling plaits or strips (heading 65.04).

The EN also state, in pertinent part, that the heading includes “Headgear made up from woven fabric, lace, net fabric, etc., such as chefs’ hats, nuns’ head-dresses, nurses’ or waitresses’ caps, etc., having clearly the character of headgear.” As the instant article is a type of headgear made of plastic-coated, woven cotton material, it is classifiable within this heading.

In HQ 960302, the issue was whether the merchandise was classified according to its polyurethane coating or the denim textile fabric (which are provided for, respectively, within headings 6505 and 6506, HTSUSA). Customs resolved the issue by application of exclusionary Note 2(a) to Chapter 593 3 Note 2(a) to chapter 59, states that heading 5903 applies to: Textile fabrics, impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics, whatever the weight per square meter and whatever the nature of the plastic material (compact or cellular), other than:

Fabrics in which the impregnation, coating or covering cannot be seen with the naked eye (usually chapters 50 to 55, 58 or 60); for the purpose of this provision, no account should be taken of any resulting change of color;

Products which cannot, without fracturing, be bent manually around a cylinder of a diameter of 7 mm, at a temperature between 15ºC and 30ºC (usually chapter 39);

Products in which the textile fabric is either completely embedded in plastics or entirely coated or covered on both sides with such material, provided that such coating or covering can be seen with the naked eye with no account being taken of any resulting change of color (chapter 39);

Fabrics partially coated or partially covered with plastics and bearing designs resulting from these treatments (usually chapters 50 to 55, 58 or 60);

Plates, sheets or strip of cellular plastics, combined with textile fabric, where the textile fabric is present merely for reinforcing purposes (chapter 39); or

Textile products of heading 5811., that the constituent material of the subject merchandise was not excluded from classification within heading 5903 (as none of the listed exceptions applied), and accordingly classified the merchandise according to GRI 1, in subheading 6505.90.2590, HTSUSA.

Although we concur in part with the analysis of HQ 960302 with respect to the application of GRI 1 for determination of whether heading 6506 was an appropriate heading, we do not find it be controlling here, since the subject merchandise is provided for, eo nomine, within subheading 6505.90.2060, as it is composed of woven cotton material.

In pertinent part, subheading 6505.90.20 provides eo nomine for headwear of cotton. We thus find that the instant cap, which is composed of plastic-coated, 100 percent cotton, is properly classified in subheading 6505.90.2060, HTSUSA. For additional rulings consistent with this determination, see HQ 958958, dated September 12, 1997 (classifying three separate styles of cotton caps within subheading 6505.90.2060, HTSUSA) and HQ 087825, dated September 5, 1990 (modifying HQ 087060, dated August 17, 1990 and classifying a woven 100% cotton twill cap within subheading 6505.90.2060).


Style N5HA003, a polyurethane plastic-coated, woven cotton baseball style cap, is classified in subheading 6505.90.2060, HTSUSA, textile category 359, which provides for “Hats and other headgear...: Other: Of cotton, flax or both: Not knitted: Certified hand-loomed and folklore products; and headwear of cotton, Other.” The general column one duty rate is 7.6 percent ad valorem.

The designated textile and apparel category may be subdivided into parts. If so, the visa and quota requirements applicable to the subject merchandise may be affected. Since part categories are the result of international bilateral agreements which are subject to frequent renegotiations and changes, to obtain the most current information available, we suggest you check, close to the time of shipment, the Status Report On Current Import Quotas (Restraint Levels), an internal issuance of the U.S. Customs Service which is updated weekly and is available for inspection at your local Customs office. The Status Report on Current Import Quotas (Restraint Levels) is also available on the Customs Electronic Bulletin Board (CEBB) which can be found on the U.S. Customs Service Website at www.customs.gov.

Due to the changeable nature of the statistical annotation (the ninth and tenth digits of the classification) and the restraint (quota/visa) categories, you should contact your local Customs office prior to importation of this merchandise to determine the current status of any import restraints or requirements.


Myles B. Harmon, Acting Director,
Commercial Rulings Division

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