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HQ 955935

March 14, 1994

CLA-2 CO:R:C:M 955935 KCC


TARIFF NO.: 9405.50.40

Mr. Steve Liptak
Inter-Maritime Forwarding Co., Inc.
156 William Street
New York, New York 10028

RE: DD 881552 revoked; glasses; principal use; Additional U.S. Rule of Interpretation 1(a); 7013.29.10; drinking glasses; 7010; other containers used for the conveyance or packing of goods; EN 70.10; HRL 950426; 7013.99.35; votive; HRL 953016; HRL 088123; HRL 953013; HRL 088742; HRL 950245; non-electrical lamps and lighting fittings; EN 94.05; candlesticks; HRL 089054

Dear Mr. Liptak:

This is in reference to District Director Ruling (DD) 881552 issued to you on January 12, 1993, on behalf of H & H Glass, Inc., which concerned the tariff classification of glasses under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS). Pursuant to section 625, Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1625), as amended by section 623 of Title VI (Customs Modernization) of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Pub. L. 103-182, 107 Stat. 2057, 2186 (1993) (hereinafter section 625), notice of the proposed revocation of DD 881552 was published on April 13, 1994, in the Customs Bulletin, Volume 28, Number 15.


The glasses, item #303 Fifty and item #50 HR GWC Tumbler, at issue in DD 881552 were described as follows:

They are about 5" tall and 2 3/4" wide. No unit value was advised. The value per unit is believed to not exceed $3. each. Two have a slight taper, the other is straight sided with a slight bulge at mouth and base. They have the appearance of drinking glasses, indeed, one being described as a "tumbler", as noted above. These items are considered, accordingly, to be drinking glasses, affidavits as to end use not withstanding.

Affidavits were provided which stated that, after importation into the U.S., the glasses were filled with candle wax and a wick.

In DD 881552, the District Director, Ogdensburg, New York, held that the glasses were classified under subheading 7013.29.10 or 7013.29.20, HTSUS, which provides for drinking glasses. Classification to the exact eight digit level was dependant upon the value of the glasses.


Are the glasses classified as drinking glasses under subheading 7013.29.10, HTSUS, or as other containers used for the conveyance or packing of goods under subheading 7010.90.50, HTSUS, or as votive-candle holders under subheading 7013.99.35, HTSUS, or as non-electrical lamps and lighting fittings under subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS?


The classification of merchandise under the HTSUS is governed by the General Rules of Interpretation (GRI's). GRI 1, HTSUS, states, in part, that "for legal purposes, classification shall be determined according to the terms of the heading and any relative section or chapter notes...." The competing subheadings under consideration are as follows:

7010.90.50 Carboys, bottles, flasks, jars, pots, vials, ampoules and other containers, of glass, of a kind used for the conveyance or packing of goods; preserving jars of glass; stoppers, lids and other closures, of glass...Other...Other containers (with or without their closures)....

7013 Glassware of a kind used for table, kitchen, toilet, office, indoor decoration or similar purposes (other than that of heading 7010 or 7018)...

7013.29.10 Drinking glasses, other than of glass-ceramics...Other...Other....Valued not over $0.30 each.

7013.99.35 Other glassware...Other...Other...Votive-candle holders.

9405.50.40 Lamps and lighting fittings including searchlights and spotlights and parts thereof, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated nameplates and the like, having a permanently fixed light source, and parts thereof not elsewhere specified or included...Non-electrical lamps and lighting fittings...Other... Other.

Headings 7010 and 7013, HTSUS, are both considered "use" provisions. Additional U.S. Rule of Interpretation 1(a), HTSUS, states that:

[A] tariff classification controlled by use (other than actual use) is to be determined in accordance with the use in the United States at, or immediately prior to, the date of importation, of goods of that class or kind to which the imported goods belong, and the controlling use is the principal use.

Subheading 7013.29.10, HTSUS, provides for drinking glasses. We are of the opinion that the subject glasses are not of the class or kind of "drinking glasses" classifiable under subheading 7013.29.10, HTSUS. At the time of importation, the physical characteristics of the glasses indicates that they are not principally used as drinking glasses. They have mold seams, knurling, beaded flange finish and embedded manufacturing information. These design features are not the type of features found on drinking glasses. Therefore, the glasses are not properly classified as drinking glasses.

Heading 7010, HTSUS, provides for bottles, vials and other containers of glass which are of a kind used for the conveyance or packing of goods. Explanatory Note (EN) 70.10 of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HCDCS) (pg. 933-934), states that heading 7010 "covers all glass containers of the kinds commonly used commercially for the conveyance or packing of liquids or of solid products (powders, granules, etc.)." The types of containers covered by this heading include:

(A) Carboys, demijohns, bottles (including syphon vases), phials and similar containers, of all shapes and sizes, used as containers for chemical products (acids, etc.), beverages, oils, meat extracts, perfumery preparations, pharmaceutical products, inks, glues, etc.
(B) Jars, pots and similar containers for the conveyance or packing of certain foodstuffs (condiments, sauces, fruit, preserves, honey, etc.), cosmetic or toilet preparations (face creams, hair lotions, etc.), pharmaceutical products (ointments, etc.), polishes, cleaning preparations, etc. (C) Ampoules, usually obtained from a drawn glass tube, and intended to serve, after sealing, as containers for serums or other pharmaceutical products, or for liquid fuels (e.g., ampoules of petrol for cigarette lighters), chemical products, etc.
(D) Tubular containers and similar containers generally obtained from lamp-worked glass tubes or by blowing, for the conveyance or packing of pharmaceutical products or similar uses.

EN 70.10. The ENs, although not dispositive, are to be looked to for the proper interpretation of the HTSUS. See. T.D. 89-80, 54 Fed. Reg. 35127, 35128 (Aug. 23, 1989).

The key phrase in this instance is "commonly used commercially for the conveyance" of products. The root word of "commercially" is commerce which is described as the exchange or buying and selling of commodities. Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986) and The Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1983). The root word of "conveyance" is convey which is described as to carry, bring or take from one place to another; transport; bear. The Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1983) and Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986).

We are of the opinion that the glasses at issue are not principally used as the class or kind of merchandise contemplated by heading 7010, HTSUS, are used. The types of containers found in heading 7010, HTSUS, are principally used to convey a product to the consumer who uses the product in the container and then discards the container. The glasses at issue are not principally used to commercially convey candle wax. The glasses are necessary for the consumer to use the product, candle wax. In use, the glasses support the candle wax. Additionally, some of the glasses are not merely used as containers to convey the candle wax to the consumer or support the candle wax. They also serve a decorative purpose as they have a design molded into the glass and/or a color lacquer applied to the glass which gives the glasses a decorative feature. As the glasses at issue hold the wax while it is being burned, they are not properly classified under heading 7010, HTSUS. See, Headquarters Ruling Letter (HRL) 950426 dated June 19, 1992, which held that glass containers imported into the U.S. empty and then filled with candle wax and a wick were classifiable as votive-candle holders under subheading 7013.99.35, HTSUS, rather than under subheading 7010.90.50, HTSUS.

Subheading 7013.99.35, HTSUS, provides for glass votive-candle holders. We have held that a glass votive-candle holder is a glass holder chiefly used in churches, where the candles are burned for devotional purposes. See, HRL 088123 dated February 25, 1991, HRL 088742 dated April 22, 1991, and HRL 950245 dated December 10, 1991. Additionally, we have held that votive-candle holders are generally of two types, large glasses or "sanctuary lamps" which contain candles that burn for about a week and small glasses which hold candles that burn for a few hours. See, HRL 950426 dated June 19, 1992.

We are of the opinion that the subject glasses are not principally used as votive-candle holders. There is no evidence to show that these glasses are principally burned for devotional purposes. Therefore, classification under subheading 7013.99.35, HTSUS, is inappropriate.

Subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS, provides for non-electrical lamps and lighting fittings. EN 94.05 (pg. 1581), states that lamps and light fittings of this group can be composed of any material and use any source of light, including candles. In addition, EN 94.05(I)(6) states that this heading covers "...in particular candelabra, candlesticks, and candle brackets."

We are of the opinion that the terms "candlestick", "candlestick holder", and "candleholder" are interchangeable. Candleholder has been defined as a candlestick, Webster's II New Riverside University Dictionary, pg. 224 (1st ed. 1984), and as a holder for a candle; candlestick, The Random House Dictionary of the English Language, pg. 216 (1st Ed. 1983). Candlestick has been defined as a utensil for supporting a candle, whether elaborately made or in the common form of a saucer with a socket in the center, Webster's New International Dictionary , pg. 390 (2d ed. 1939). Reference to lexicographic authorities is proper when determining the meaning of a tariff term. Hasbro Industries, Inc. v. United States, 703 F. Supp. 941 (CIT 1988), aff'd, 879 F.2d 838 (1989); C.J. Tower & Sons of Buffalo, Inc. v. United States, 69 CCPA 128, 673 F.2d 1268 (1982).

We have previously held that empty glass candle holders are classified under subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS, as non-electrical lamps and light fittings. See, HRL 953016 dated April 27, 1993, HRL 088742 dated April 22, 1991, and HRL 089054 dated August 2, 1991, which classified glass candle holders as non-electrical lamps and light fittings under subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS, pursuant to EN 94.05.

Based on the above definitions and rulings, we find that the glasses are, in fact, candlesticks as the term is used in the ENs. The articles at issue are a utensil used for supporting a candle. They are not elaborate, but are of a simple and, in some of the glasses, decorative form. Therefore, the glasses are properly classified under subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS, as non-electrical lamps and light fittings.


The 303 Fifty and 50 HR GWC Tumbler glasses are classified under subheading 9405.50.40, HTSUS, as non-electrical lamps and light fittings, which is currently subject to the Column 1 duty rate of 7.6 percent ad valorem.

DD 881552 is revoked.

In accordance with section 625, this ruling will become effective 60 days after its publication in the Customs Bulletin. Publication of rulings or decisions pursuant to section 625 does not constitute a change of practice or position in accordance with section 177.10(c)(1), Customs Regulations (19 CFR


John Durant, Director Commercial Rulings Division

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