# Kounavis, OR

## Michael Kounavis, Hillsboro, OR US

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20090157784 | DETERMINING A MESSAGE RESIDUE - A description of techniques of determining a modular remainder with respect to a polynomial of a message comprised of a series of segments. An implementation can include repeatedly accessing a strict subset of the segments and transforming the strict subset of segments to into a smaller set of segments that are equivalent to the strict subset of the segments with respect to the modular remainder. The implementation can also include determining the modular remainder based on a set of segments output by the repeatedly accessing and transforming and storing the determined modular remainder. | 06-18-2009 |

20090310775 | Using a single instruction multiple data (SIMD) instruction to speed up galois counter mode (GCM) computations - In one embodiment, an encryption operation may be performed by obtaining a product of a carry-less multiplication using multiple single instruction multiple data (SIMD) multiplication instructions each to execute on part of first and second operands responsive to an immediate datum associated with the corresponding instruction, and reducing the product modulo g to form a message authentication code of a block cipher mode. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 12-17-2009 |

20100020965 | METHOD FOR SPEEDING UP THE COMPUTATIONS FOR CHARACTERISTIC 2 ELLIPTIC CURVE CRYPTOGRAPHIC SYSTEMS - In some embodiments, an apparatus and method for speeding up the computations for characteristic 2 elliptic curve cryptographic systems are described. In one embodiment, a multiplication routine may be pre-computed using a one iteration graph-based multiplication according to an input operand length. Once pre-computed, the multiplication routine may be followed to compute the products of the coefficients of the polynomials representing a carry-less product of two input operands using a carry-less multiplication instruction. In one embodiment, the pre-computed multiplication routines may be used to extend a carry-less multiplication instruction available from an architecture according to an input operand length of the two input operands. Once computed, the carry-less product polynomial produces a remainder when the product is computed modulo a programmable polynomial that defines the elliptic cryptographic system to form a cryptographic key. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 01-28-2010 |

20100153830 | CARRY BUCKET-AWARE MULTIPLICATION - An apparatus comprising an integrated circuit configured to accept a plurality of operands; multiply the operands producing an result in a first binary format; and distribute the result in the first binary format over a plurality of data units in a second binary format, each unit having W bits with k>0 most significant bits set to zero. | 06-17-2010 |

## Michael Kounavis, Portland, OR US

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20100125728 | METHOD OF IMPLEMENTING ONE WAY HASH FUNCTIONS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR - A cryptographic system for encrypting a data stream to be transported over a network by using a one way hash function constructed according to Merkle-Damgard construction includes a plurality of Davies-Mayer structure modules. A Davies-Mayer module modifies two variables A and B according to at least four words by no more than three Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) block cipher rounds. | 05-20-2010 |

20130191614 | PERFORMING A CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECKSUM OPERATION RESPONSIVE TO A USER-LEVEL INSTRUCTION - In one embodiment, the present invention includes a method for receiving incoming data in a processor and performing a checksum operation on the incoming data in the processor pursuant to a user-level instruction for the checksum operation. For example, a cyclic redundancy checksum may be computed in the processor itself responsive to the user-level instruction. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 07-25-2013 |

## Michael E. Kounavis, Hillsboro, OR US

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20080240423 | SPEEDING UP GALOIS COUNTER MODE (GCM) COMPUTATIONS - Methods and apparatus to speed up Galois Counter Mode (GCM) computations are described. In one embodiment, a carry-less multiplication instruction may be used to perform operations corresponding to verification of an encrypted message in accordance with GCM. Other embodiments are also described. | 10-02-2008 |

20080240426 | Flexible architecture and instruction for advanced encryption standard (AES) - A flexible aes instruction set for a general purpose processor is provided. The instruction set includes instructions to perform a “one round” pass for aes encryption or decryption and also includes instructions to perform key generation. An immediate may be used to indicate round number and key size for key generation for 128/192/256 bit keys. The flexible aes instruction set enables full use of pipelining capabilities because it does not require tracking of implicit registers. | 10-02-2008 |

20090157790 | METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTIPLYING POLYNOMIALS WITH A PRIME NUMBER OF TERMS - An efficient method and apparatus to compute a product of polynomials of degree n−1 where n is an arbitrary prime is provided. The total number of multiply operations and Arithmetic Logical Unit (ALU) operations to compute the product is minimized through the judicious use of polynomial evaluations at few points to decrease the number of multiplications while using only simple ALU operations. | 06-18-2009 |

20090172068 | METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EFFICIENTLY IMPLEMENTING THE ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD - Implementations of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) encryption and decryption processes are disclosed. In one embodiment of S-box processing, a block of 16 byte values is converted, each byte value being converted from a polynomial representation in GF(256) to a polynomial representation in GF((2 | 07-02-2009 |

20110231744 | Performing A Cyclic Redundancy Checksum Operation Responsive To A User-Level Instruction - In one embodiment, the present invention includes a method for receiving incoming data in a processor and performing a checksum operation on the incoming data in the processor pursuant to a user-level instruction for the checksum operation. For example, a cyclic redundancy checksum may be computed in the processor itself responsive to the user-level instruction. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 09-22-2011 |

20120106731 | SPEEDING UP GALOIS COUNTER MODE (GCM) COMPUTATIONS - Methods and apparatus to speed up Galois Counter Mode (GCM) computations are described. In one embodiment, a carry-less multiplication instruction may be used to perform operations corresponding to verification of an encrypted message in accordance with GCM. Other embodiments are also described. | 05-03-2012 |

20120240016 | Performing A Cyclic Redundancy Checksum Operation Responsive To A User-Level Instruction - In one embodiment, the present invention includes a method for receiving incoming data in a processor and performing a checksum operation on the incoming data in the processor pursuant to a user-level instruction for the checksum operation. For example, a cyclic redundancy checksum may be computed in the processor itself responsive to the user-level instruction. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 09-20-2012 |

20140177955 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE SKIN TONE DETECTION - A system and method for detecting human skin tone in one or more images. The system includes an image processing module configured to receive an image and provide contrast enhancement of the image so as to compensate for background illumination in the image. The image processing module is further configured to detect and identify regions of the contrast-enhanced image containing human skin tone based, at least in part, on the utilization of multiple color spaces and adaptively generated thresholds for each color space. A system and method consistent with the present disclosure is configure to provide accurate detection of human skin tone while accounting for variations in skin appearance due to a variety of factors, including background illumination and objects. | 06-26-2014 |

## Michael E. Kounavis, Portland, OR US

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20110158403 | ON-THE-FLY KEY GENERATION FOR ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION - Methods and apparatus to provide on-the-fly key computation for Galois Field (also referred to Finite Field) encryption and/or decryption are described. In one embodiment, logic generates a cipher key, in a second cycle, based on a previous cipher key, generated in a first cycle that immediately precedes the second cycle. Other embodiments are also described. | 06-30-2011 |

20130305011 | PERFORMING A CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECKSUM OPERATION RESPONSIVE TO A USER-LEVEL INSTRUCTION - In one embodiment, the present invention includes a method for receiving incoming data in a processor and performing a checksum operation on the incoming data in the processor pursuant to a user-level instruction for the checksum operation. For example, a cyclic redundancy checksum may be computed in the processor itself responsive to the user-level instruction. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 11-14-2013 |

20130305015 | PERFORMING A CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECKSUM OPERATION RESPONSIVE TO A USER-LEVEL INSTRUCTION - In one embodiment, the present invention includes a method for receiving incoming data in a processor and performing a checksum operation on the incoming data in the processor pursuant to a user-level instruction for the checksum operation. For example, a cyclic redundancy checksum may be computed in the processor itself responsive to the user-level instruction. Other embodiments are described and claimed. | 11-14-2013 |

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## Michael E. Kounavis, Porland, OR US

Patent application number | Description | Published |
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20130305118 | 11-14-2013 |

## Michaele E. Kounavis, Hillsboro, OR US

Patent application number | Description | Published |
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20140003602 | Flexible Architecture and Instruction for Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) | 01-02-2014 |