# Eric M. Schwarz, Gardiner US

## Eric M. Schwarz, Gardiner, NY US

Patent application number | Description | Published |
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20080215659 | Round for Reround Mode in a Decimal Floating Point Instruction - a round-far-reround mode (preferably in a BID encoded Decimal format) of a floating point instruction prepares a result for later rounding to a variable number of digits by detecting that the least significant digit may be a 0, and if so changing it to 1 when the trailing digits are not all 0. A subsequent reround instruction is then able to round the result to any number of digits at least 2 fewer than the number of digits of the result. An optional embodiment saves a tag indicating the fact that the low order digit of the result is 0 or 5 if the trailing bits are non-zero in a tag field rather than modify the result. Another optional embodiment also saves a half-way-and-above indicator when the trailing digits represent a decimal with a most significant digit having a value of 5. An optional subsequent rewound instruction is able to round the result to any number of digits fewer or equal, to the number of digits of the result using the saved tags. | 09-04-2008 |

20080270495 | INSERT/EXTRACT BIASED EXPONENT OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including an insert biased exponent or extract biased exponent instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270496 | COMPOSITION/DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270497 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA TO/FROM PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270498 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA TO PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270499 | DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270500 | COMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA, AND METHODS THEREFOR - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270506 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA FROM PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270507 | DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA, AND METHODS THEREFOR - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270509 | EXTRACT BIASED EXPONENT OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including an insert biased exponent or extract biased exponent instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270756 | SHIFT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including a shift significand instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20090112960 | System and Method for Providing a Double Adder for Decimal Floating Point Operations - A method for implementing an adder including receiving a first and second operand. A sum of one or more corresponding digits from the first operand and the second operand is calculated. The calculating is performed by a plurality of adder blocks. Output from the calculating includes the sum of the corresponding digits and a carry out indicator for the corresponding digits. The sums of the corresponding digits and the carry out indicators in a carry chain are stored in an intermediate result register. Each of the sums in the intermediate result register is incremented by one. A selection between each of the sums and the sums incremented by one is performed. Input to the selecting includes the carry chain, and the output from the selecting includes a final sum of the first operand and the second operand. The final sum is stored in an output register. | 04-30-2009 |

20090132627 | Method for Performing Decimal Floating Point Addition - A method for performing a decimal floating point operation including receiving a first operand having a first coefficient and a first exponent into a first register. A second operand having a second coefficient and a second exponent are received into a second register. An operation, either addition or subtraction, associated with the first operand and the second operand is received. Three concurrent calculations are performed on the first operand and the second operand. The three concurrent calculations include: applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a first assumption; applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a second assumption; and applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a third assumption. A final result is selected from the first result, the second result and the third result. | 05-21-2009 |

20090132628 | Method for Performing Decimal Division - A method for performing decimal division including receiving a scaled divisor and a scaled dividend into input registers. A subset of multiples of the scaled divisor is stored in a plurality of multiples registers. Quotient digits are calculated in response to the scaled divisor and the scaled dividend. Each quotient digit is calculated in three clock cycles by a pipeline mechanism. The calculating includes selecting a new quotient digit, and calculating a new remainder. Input to the calculating a new remainder includes data from one or more of the multiples registers. | 05-21-2009 |

20090132629 | Method for Providing a Decimal Multiply Algorithm Using a Double Adder - A method for performing decimal multiplication including storing a multiplier and a multiplicand in operand registers, the multiplier including one or more digits. A running sum is stored in a shifter and initialized to zero. The method includes performing for each of the digits in the multiplier in order from least significant digit to most significant digit: creating a partial product of the digit and the multiplicand and adding the partial product to the running sum. The running sum is output as the result of multiplying the multiplier and the multiplicand. The performing and outputting are implemented by a mechanism that includes one or more two cycle adders connected to the operand registers, multiplicand multiples circuitry connected to the operand registers, and a result digits register connected to the two cycle adders. | 05-21-2009 |

20090138678 | Multifunction Hexadecimal Instruction Form System and Program Product - A new zSeries floating-point unit has a fused multiply-add dataflow capable of supporting two architectures and fused MULTIPLY and ADD and Multiply and SUBTRACT in both RRF and RXF formats for the fused functions. Both binary and hexadecimal floating-point instructions are supported for a total of 6 formats. The floating-point unit is capable of performing a multiply-add instruction for hexadecimal or binary every cycle with a latency of 5 cycles. This supports two architectures with two internal formats with their own biases. This has eliminated format conversion cycles and has optimized the width of the dataflow. The unit is optimized for both hexadecimal and binary floating-point architecture supporting a multiply-add/subtract per cycle. | 05-28-2009 |

20090210472 | METHOD, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR IDENTIFYING DECIMAL FLOATING POINT ADDITION OPERATIONS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE ALIGNMENT, NORMALIZATION OR ROUNDING - A method, computer program product and a system for identifying decimal floating point addition operations that guarantee operand alignment and do not require alignment, normalization or rounding are provided. The method includes: receiving an instruction to perform an addition of a first operand and a second operand; extracting a first exponent (EXP) and a first most significant digit (MSD) from the first operand; extracting a second EXP and a second MSD from the second operand; and determining whether alignment between the first operand and the second operand is guaranteed, based on the first EXP, the first MSD, the second EXP and the second MSD. | 08-20-2009 |

20090210656 | METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OVERLAPPING EXECUTION OF INSTRUCTIONS THROUGH NON-UNIFORM EXECUTION PIPELINES IN AN IN-ORDER PROCESSOR - A system and method for overlapping execution (OE) of instructions through non-uniform execution pipelines in an in-order processor are provided. The system includes a first execution unit to perform instruction execution in a first execution pipeline. The system also includes a second execution unit to perform instruction execution in a second execution pipeline, where the second execution pipeline includes a greater number of stages than the first execution pipeline. The system further includes an instruction dispatch unit (IDU), the IDU including OE registers and logic for dispatching an OE-capable instruction to the first execution unit such that the instruction completes execution prior to completing execution of a previously dispatched instruction to the second execution unit. The system additionally includes a latch to hold a result of the execution of the OE-capable instruction until after the second execution unit completes the execution of the previously dispatched instruction. | 08-20-2009 |

20090210659 | PROCESSOR AND METHOD FOR WORKAROUND TRIGGER ACTIVATED EXCEPTIONS - A processor includes a microarchitecture for working around a processing flaw, the microarchitecture including: at least one detector adapted for detecting a predetermined state associated with the processing flaw; and at least one mechanism to modify default processor processing behavior; and upon modification of processing behavior, the processing of an instruction involving the processing flaw can be completed by avoiding the processing flaw. | 08-20-2009 |

20090240753 | METHOD, HARDWARE PRODUCT, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR USING A DECIMAL FLOATING POINT UNIT TO EXECUTE FIXED POINT INSTRUCTIONS - A decimal floating point (DFP) unit is used to execute fixed point instructions. Two or more operands are accepted, wherein each operand is in a packed binary coded decimal (BCD) format. Any invalid BCD formats are detected by checking the operands for any invalid BCD codes. It is determined if an exception flag exists and, if so, outputting the flag; it is determined if a condition code exists and, if so, outputting the code. An operation is performed on the two or more operands to generate a result; wherein the operation takes place directly on BCD data, thus using the DFP unit to perform a BCD operation; appending a result sign to the result of the operation; and providing the result of the operation and the appended result sign as a result output in a packed BCD format. | 09-24-2009 |

20110185157 | MULTIFUNCTION HEXADECIMAL INSTRUCTION FORM SYSTEM AND PROGRAM PRODUCT - A new zSeries floating-point unit has a fused multiply-add dataflow capable of supporting two architectures and fused MULTIPLY and ADD and Multiply and SUBTRACT in both RRF and RXF formats for the fused functions. Both binary and hexadecimal floating-point instructions are supported for a total of 6 formats. The floating-point unit is capable of performing a multiply-add instruction for hexadecimal or binary every cycle with a latency of 5 cycles. This supports two architectures with two internal formats with their own biases. This has eliminated format conversion cycles and has optimized the width of the dataflow. The unit is optimized for both hexadecimal and binary floating-point architecture supporting a multiply-add/subtract per cycle. | 07-28-2011 |

20110213818 | SHIFT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including a shift significand instruction. | 09-01-2011 |

20120047190 | Composition of Decimal Floating Point Data - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 02-23-2012 |

20130173891 | CONVERT FROM ZONED FORMAT TO DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 07-04-2013 |

20130173892 | CONVERT TO ZONED FORMAT FROM DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 07-04-2013 |

20130246738 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY INDICATED BY THE INSTRUCTION - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246740 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A DYNAMICALLY DETERMINED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary is dynamically determined based on a specified type of boundary and one or more characteristics of the processor executing the instruction, such as cache line size or page size used by the processor. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246751 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT NOT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Not Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for inequality and provides an indication of inequality, if inequality exists. An index associated with the unequal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Not Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246752 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for equality and provides an indication of equality, if equality exists. An index associated with the equal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246753 | VECTOR STRING RANGE COMPARE - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Vector String Range Compare instruction is provided that compares each element of a vector with a range of values based on a set of controls to determine if there is a match. An index associated with the matched element or a mask representing the matched element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Vector String Range Compare instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246767 | INSTRUCTION TO COMPUTE THE DISTANCE TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load Count to Block Boundary instruction is provided that provides a distance from a specified memory address to a specified memory boundary. The memory boundary is a boundary that is not to be crossed in loading data. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary; or it may be dynamically determined. | 09-19-2013 |

20130247009 | RUN-TIME INSTRUMENTATION INDIRECT SAMPLING BY INSTRUCTION OPERATION CODE - Embodiments of the invention relate to implementing run-time instrumentation indirect sampling by instruction operation code. An aspect of the invention includes reading sample-point instruction operation codes from a sample-point instruction array, and comparing, by a processor, the sample-point instruction operation codes to an operation code of an instruction from an instruction stream executing on the processor. A sample point is recognized upon execution of the instruction with the operation code matching one of the sample-point instruction operation codes. The run-time instrumentation information is obtained from the sample point. The run-time instrumentation information is stored in a run-time instrumentation program buffer as a reporting group. | 09-19-2013 |