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With gas diffusion electrode

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

429400000 - FUEL CELL, SUBCOMBINATION THEREOF, OR METHOD OF MAKING OR OPERATING

429479000 - Fuel cell with solid electrolyte

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
429481000 Specified supporting layer 28
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20120183878Manufacturing Method Of Electrode Catalyst Layer, Electrode Catalyst Layer, Membrane Electrode Assembly And Fuel Cell - The present invention provides an electrode catalyst layer and a manufacturing method thereof, wherein the electrode catalyst layer contains an oxide type of non-platinum catalyst as the catalyst and enables a fuel cell employing the electrode catalyst layer to achieve a high level of power generation performance, as well as an MEA and the fuel cell which employ the electrode catalyst layer. The manufacturing method of the electrode catalyst layer of the present invention includes preparing a “catalyst provided with electrical conductivity on the surface”. In addition, the manufacturing method may further include preparing a catalyst ink, in which the “catalyst provided with electrical conductivity on the surface”, carbon particles and a polymer electrolyte are dispersed in a solvent, and coating the catalyst ink to form the electrode catalyst layer.07-19-2012
20120183877WET LAMINATION PROCESS FOR REDUCING MUD CRACKING IN FUEL CELL COMPONENTS - Methods of making a substantially crack-free electrode layer are described. The methods include depositing an electrode ink on a substrate; placing a layer of porous reinforcement layer on a surface of the wet electrode ink; and drying the electrode ink to form the substantially crack-free electrode layer on the substrate. Substantially crack-free electrode layers and fuel cells incorporating substantially crack-free electrode layers are also described.07-19-2012
20120183879MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME - The present invention provides a fuel cell and a membrane electrode assembly thereof employing an electrode catalyst layer which contains an oxide type of non-platinum catalyst as the catalyst and enables the fuel cell to achieve a high level of power generation performance. One aspect of the present invention is the electrode catalyst layer containing a polymer electrolyte, a catalyst and an electron conductive material, wherein a content ratio by weight of the catalyst is in the range of 0.1-3.0 with respect to 1.0 of the electron conductive material and a content ratio by weight of the polymer electrolyte is in the range of 0.5-3.0 with respect to 1.0 of the electron conductive material.07-19-2012
20110195337MICROTRUSS WATER VAPOR TRANSPORT DEVICE - A fuel cell system includes a water vapor transport device having a wet flow field layer having a coarse microtruss structure disposed between a pair of fine microtruss structures. The coarse and fine microtruss structures of the wet flow field layer are formed from a radiation-sensitive material. A dry flow field layer has a coarse microtruss structure disposed between a pair of fine microtruss structures. The coarse and fine microtruss structures of the dry flow field layer are also formed from a radiation-sensitive material. A membrane is disposed between the wet flow field layer and the dry flow field layer and adapted to permit a transfer of water vapor therethrough from the wet fluid to the dry fluid to form a humidified fluid.08-11-2011
20110294033UNITIZED ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL SUB-ASSEMBLY AND THE METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - Disclosed is a unitized electrochemical cell sub-assembly having a first separator plate and a second separator plate that each has a first surface. A recess is located in at least one of the first surfaces to define a chamber adjacent the periphery of the plates when the plates face each other. A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) comprising an ion exchange membrane and a pair of gas diffusion layers is disposed on and between each of the first surfaces between the two plates when the plates face each other so that the peripheral edge of the ion exchange membrane is located within the chamber. Also located in the chamber is a non-conductive sealant polymer that seals and joins the first and second plates to each other, and that seals and joins the first and second plates to the edge of the ion exchange membrane. Also disclosed is a fabrication method for making the unitized electrochemical cell sub-assembly.12-01-2011
20130084514GAS DECOMPOSITION COMPONENT, AMMONIA DECOMPOSITION COMPONENT, POWER GENERATION APPARATUS, ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING GAS DECOMPOSITION COMPONENT - Provided are a gas decomposition component in which an electrochemical reaction is used to reduce the running cost and high treatment performance can be achieved; and a method for producing the gas decomposition component. The gas decomposition component includes a cylindrical MEA 04-04-2013
20130034794FUEL CELL MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - A fuel cell membrane electrode assembly includes two electrodes and a proton exchange membrane sandwiched between the two electrodes. Each electrode includes a catalyst layer. The catalyst layer includes a number of tube carriers having electron conductibility, a number of catalyst particles uniformly adsorbed on inner wall of each of the plurality of tube carriers, and proton conductor filled in each of the plurality of tube carriers. The tube carriers jointly define a plurality of reaction gas passages for transferring reaction gas to surfaces of the plurality of catalyst particles. One end of each of the tube carriers is connected with the proton exchange membrane.02-07-2013
20130040221ADHESIVE MATERIAL FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL - An adhesive material is used to bond between layers of a fuel cell. The adhesive material includes an adhesive resin, conductive particles and a conductive resin.02-14-2013
20130157165POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell of the present invention includes a membrane-electrode assembly (06-20-2013
20100330450Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells With Porous Metal Supports and Ceramic Interconnections - An intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell structure capable of operating at from 600° C. to 800° C. having a very thin porous hollow elongated metallic support tube having a thickness from 0.10 mm to 1.0 mm, preferably 0.10 mm to 0.35 mm, a porosity of from 25 vol. % to 50 vol. % and a tensile strength from 700 GPa to 900 GPa, which metallic tube supports a reduced thickness air electrode having a thickness from 0.010 mm to 0.2 mm, a solid oxide electrolyte, a cermet fuel electrode, a ceramic interconnection and an electrically conductive cell to cell contact layer.12-30-2010
20130029247MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL - There is provided a membrane electrode assembly including an anode gas diffusion layer included in an anode and a cathode gas diffusion layer included in a cathode, wherein the anode gas diffusion layer includes an anode gas diffusion substrate and an anode microporous layer disposed on a first surface of the anode gas diffusion substrate, wherein the cathode gas diffusion layer includes a cathode gas diffusion substrate and a cathode microporous layer disposed on a first surface of the cathode gas diffusion substrate, and wherein at least one of a strike-through ratio on a second surface of the anode gas diffusion substrate and a strike-through ratio on a second surface of the cathode gas diffusion substrate is larger than 0.2%.01-31-2013
20130029246POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly including an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte membrane, an anode-side separator having a fuel flow channel for supplying fuel, and a cathode-side separator having an oxidant flow channel for supplying oxidant. The anode includes an anode catalyst layer and an anode diffusion layer, and the cathode includes a cathode catalyst layer and a cathode diffusion layer. At least one of the fuel flow channel and the oxidant flow channel has a plurality of parallel linear portions. The anode catalyst layer or the cathode catalyst layer has a plurality of belt-like first regions facing the linear portions and at least one second region between the adjacent first regions. The amount of catalyst in the first regions per unit area is on average larger than the amount of catalyst in the at least one second region per unit area.01-31-2013
20130089806GAS DECOMPOSITION COMPONENT - Provided is a gas decomposition component that employs an electrochemical reaction and can have high treatment performance, in particular, an ammonia decomposition component. The gas decomposition component includes a MEA 04-11-2013
20130089805ELECTROACTIVE SPECIES IN LAYER BETWEEN ELECTRODE AND MEMBRANE FOR FUEL CELLS - A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) includes an ion exchange membrane having a polymer, and a first porous layer on its cathode side including a first material different from the polymer having at least one electroactive species providing a reduction potential between 0V and 1V vs. a standard hydrogen electrode at 25° C. adsorbed thereto. A cathode catalyst is on the first porous layer, and an anode catalyst is on the anode side of the ion exchange membrane.04-11-2013
20130059226MANUFACTURING METHOD AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS FOR GAS DIFFUSION LAYER OF FUEL CELL, AND FUEL CELL - According to a manufacturing method for a fuel cell, an insulating member having a plurality of communication holes therein is disposed on a side of a gas diffusion layer, which is formed by stacking a layer made of a carbon fiber and a water-repellent layer, where the water-repellent layer is provided, the gas diffusion layer and the insulating member are sandwiched by a pair of electrodes, and a pair of contact pressure plates are disposed on respective rear surfaces of the pair of electrodes so as to sandwich the pair of electrodes so that the gas diffusion layer is pressurized by the pair of contact pressure plates. When a voltage is applied to the pair of electrodes while maintaining the pressurized state, an electric current flows through a protrusion portion of a carbon fiber which comes in contact with the electrode on the water-repellent layer side via the communication holes of the insulating member, so that the protrusion portion of the carbon fiber is burned and removed by Joule heat. When it is detected that no electric current flows between the electrodes, application of a voltage to the pair of electrodes is stopped, and the pressure in the pressurized state is decreased to a normal pressure state.03-07-2013
20110014542FIBER MANUFACTURING METHOD, FIBER MANUFACTURING APPARATUS AND PROTON-EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL - A carried material is carried only on a surface of nano-fibers. It includes a raw material liquid spray step that sprays raw material liquid (01-20-2011
20110014540Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layer Integrated Gasket - To improve assembly precision of a fuel cell by improving a sealing property. A first gasket 01-20-2011
20120225367FUEL CELL - A fuel cell includes: a membrane-electrode assembly in which electrode catalyst layers are formed on two sides of an electrolyte membrane; and a cerium-containing layer that is formed at an outer side of at least one of the two surfaces of the membrane-electrode assembly, and that contains a cerium-containing oxide in an amount that is greater than 5 wt % and less than or equal to 30 wt % where 100 wt % is an amount of solid components except the cerium-containing oxide which form the cerium-containing layer.09-06-2012
20130065155CATALYST LAYER MATERIAL, METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL - A catalyst layer material, a method for fabricating the same, and a fuel cell are provided. The catalyst layer material utilized for the fuel cell includes a catalyst support and a catalyst distributed on the catalyst support. The catalyst support contains Ti03-14-2013
20110020726MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL - A membrane electrode assembly includes an solid polymer electrolyte membrane, an anode, and a cathode. The cathode has a stacked body of a catalyst layer and a gas diffusion layer. The catalyst layer has platinum-cobalt-supporting carbon particles and an ion conductor. The ratio (P2/P1) of the pore volume P2 (ml/g) per gram of catalyst layer in a second micro-pore diameter, ranging from 0.1 μm to less than 1 μm, over the pore volume P1 per gram of catalyst layer in a first micro-pore diameter, ranging from 0.01 μm to less than 0.1 μm, is in a range of 3.8 to 8.3.01-27-2011
20130164650MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR DIRECT OXIDATION FUEL CELL AND DIRECT OXIDATION FUEL CELL USING THE SAME - Disclosed is a membrane electrode assembly for a direct oxidation fuel cell, including an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte membrane disposed therebetween. The anode includes an anode catalyst layer disposed on one principal surface of the electrolyte membrane, and an anode diffusion layer laminated on the anode catalyst layer. The anode catalyst layer includes a first particulate conductive carbon, an anode catalyst supported thereon, and a first polymer electrolyte. The cathode includes a cathode catalyst layer disposed on the other principal surface of the electrolyte membrane, and a cathode diffusion layer laminated on the cathode catalyst layer. The cathode catalyst layer includes a second particulate conductive carbon, a cathode catalyst supported thereon, and a second polymer electrolyte. The weight ratio M06-27-2013
20120115063POROUS ELECTRODE SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - The present invention provides a porous electrode substrate that has high sheet strength, low production cost, and sufficient gas permeability and electrical conductivity, and a method for producing the same. In the present invention, the porous electrode substrate is produced by producing a precursor sheet including short carbon fibers (A), and one or more types of short precursor fibers (b) that undergo oxidation and/or one or more types of fibrillar precursor fibers (b′) that undergo oxidation, all of which are dispersed in a two-dimensional plane, subjecting the precursor sheet to entanglement treatment to form a three-dimensional entangled structure, then impregnating the precursor sheet with carbon powder and fluorine-based resin, and further heat treating the precursor sheet at a temperature of 150° C. or higher and lower than 400° C. This porous electrode substrate includes a three-dimensional entangled structure including short carbon fibers (A) dispersed in a three-dimensional structure, joined together via oxidized fibers (B), short carbon fibers (A) and oxidized fibers (B) being further joined together via carbon powder and fluorine-based resin.05-10-2012
20120237849SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - The present invention provides a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) including a “porous fuel electrode which allows reaction of a fuel gas to proceed and which is formed of Ni and YSZ”; a “porous air electrode which allows reaction of an oxygen-containing gas to proceed”; and a “dense solid electrolyte membrane which is provided between the fuel electrode and the air electrode and which has an interface with the fuel electrode.” In the fuel electrode, Ni grains present in a region located within 3 μm from the interface (i.e., a “near-interface region”) have a mean size of 0.28 to 0.80 μm; YSZ grains present in the “near-interface region” have a mean size of 0.28 to 0.80 μm; and pores present in the “near-interface region” have a mean size of 0.10 to 0.87 μm. Thus, the fuel electrode of the SOFC exhibits low reaction resistance.09-20-2012
20120237848Electrochemical device comprising an electrically-conductive, selectively-permeable membrane - An electrochemical device, such as a fuel cell or an electrolyzer. In one embodiment, the electrochemical device includes a membrane electrode assembly (MEA), an anodic gas diffusion medium in contact with the anode of the MEA, a cathodic gas diffusion medium in contact with the cathode, a first bipolar plate in contact with the anodic gas diffusion medium, and a second bipolar plate in contact with the cathodic gas diffusion medium. Each of the bipolar plates includes an electrically-conductive, non-porous, liquid-permeable, substantially gas-impermeable membrane in contact with its respective gas diffusion medium, the membrane including a solid polymer electrolyte and a non-particulate, electrically-conductive material, such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, and/or metal nanowires. In addition, each bipolar plate also includes an electrically-conductive fluid chamber in contact with the electrically-conductive, selectively-permeable membrane and further includes a non-porous and electrically-conductive plate in contact with the fluid chamber.09-20-2012
20130022890SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL WITH IMPROVED VOLTAGE REVERSAL TOLERANCE - In solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells, an oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst may be incorporated at the anode along with the primary hydrogen oxidation catalyst for purposes of tolerance to voltage reversal. Incorporating this OER catalyst in a layer at the interface between the anode's primary hydrogen oxidation anode catalyst and its gas diffusion layer can provide greatly improved tolerance to voltage reversal for a given amount of OER catalyst. Further, this improvement can be gained without sacrificing cell performance.01-24-2013
20110287334POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell (11-24-2011
20110136038ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE/ELECTRODE STRUCTURE AND FUEL CELL - An electrolyte membrane/electrode structure constituting a fuel cell comprises a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, an anode side electrode and a cathode side electrode sandwiching the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. The anode side electrode is provided with an electrode catalyst layer and a gas diffusion layer abutting on one side of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane and exposing the outer circumference thereof in the shape of a frame, and the cathode side electrode is provided with an electrode catalyst layer and a gas diffusion layer abutting on the other side of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. A reinforcing sheet member is arranged on the frame-shaped surface of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane projecting from the outer circumference of the gas diffusion layer.06-09-2011
20110318666FUEL CELL STACK ASSEMBLY SEAL - A fuel cell is disclosed that includes an electrode assembly arranged between a cathode and an anode. The anode and cathode have lateral surfaces adjoining lateral surface of the electrode assembly and respectively include fuel and oxidant flow fields. Interfacial seals are not arranged between the lateral surfaces. Instead, a sealant is applied to the anode, the cathode and the electrode assembly to fluidly separate the fuel and oxidant flow fields. In one example, the adjoining lateral surfaces are in abutting engagement with one another. The sealant is applied in a liquid, uncured state to perimeter surfaces of the electrode assembly, the anode and the cathode that surround the lateral surfaces.12-29-2011
20110143252MEA MEMBER AND POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - In an MEA member constituted by a polymer electrolyte membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) and a frame and in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell including this MEA member, the MEA and the frame can be easily separated from each other without using any special tool.06-16-2011
20110269055MULTIPLE TRANSITION FLOW FIELD AND METHOD - A reactant flow field (11-03-2011
20120189941MANUFACTURING METHOD OF ELECTRODE CATALYST LAYER, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY USING THE SAME, FUEL CELL USING THE SAME AND COMPLEX PARTICLES - The present invention provides a manufacturing method of an electrode catalyst layer which contains a catalyst, carbon particles and a polymer electrolyte, wherein an oxide type of non-platinum catalyst is used as the catalyst and a fuel cell employing the electrode catalyst layer achieves a high level of power generation performance. The manufacturing method of the electrode catalyst layer of the present invention includes at least: preparing a first catalyst ink, in which a catalyst, first carbon particles and a first polymer electrolyte are dispersed in a first solvent, drying the first catalyst ink to form complex particles, preparing a second catalyst ink, in which the complex particles, second carbon particles and a second polymer electrolyte are dispersed in a second solvent, and coating the second catalyst ink on a substrate to form the electrode catalyst layer.07-26-2012
20110262832ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FOR POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL, PROCESS FOR ITS PRODUCTION AND MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - An electrolyte membrane which comprises a cation exchange membrane made of a polymer having cation exchange groups and contains cerium ions is used as an electrolyte membrane for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. In a case where the cation exchange membrane has sulfonic acid groups, the sulfonic acid groups are ion-exchanged, for example, with cerium ions so that cerium ions are contained preferably in an amount of from 0.3 to 20% of —SO10-27-2011
20120034548GAS DIFFUSION LAYER FOR FUEL CELL - To provide a means of further improving the cell's start-up capability (below-freezing-point-start-up capability) in a low temperature environment in the gas diffusion layer used in the fuel cell. It is a gas diffusion layer for fuel cell having a pore volume of micropores of 2.0×1002-09-2012
20120107717METHOD FOR FABRICATION OF ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERTER AND THE ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERTER - The method for fabrication of the electrochemical energy converter characterised in that, cermet composition (05-03-2012
20110200910ADVANCED MATERIALS AND DESIGN FOR LOW TEMPERATURE SOFCS - Embodiments of the invention are directed to SOFC with a multilayer structure comprising a porous ceramic cathode, optionally a cathodic triple phase boundary layer, a bilayer electrolyte comprising a cerium oxide comprising layer and a bismuth oxide comprising layer, an anion functional layer, and a porous ceramic anode with electrical interconnects, wherein the SOFC displays a very high power density at temperatures below 700° C. with hydrogen or hydrocarbon fuels. The low temperature conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy allows the fabrication of the fuel cells using stainless steel or other metal alloys rather than ceramic conductive oxides as the interconnects.08-18-2011
20130011763SEPARATOR PLATES FORMED BY PHOTOPOLYMER BASED PROCESSES - A separator plate for a fuel cell is provided, including a substrate having a radiation-cured first flow field layer disposed thereon. A method for fabricating the separator plate is also provided. The method includes the steps of providing a substrate; applying a first radiation-sensitive material to the substrate; placing a first mask between a first radiation source and the first radiation-sensitive material, the first mask having a plurality of substantially radiation-transparent apertures; and exposing the first radiation-sensitive material to a plurality of first radiation beams to form a radiation-cured first flow field layer adjacent the substrate. A fuel cell having the separator plate is also provided.01-10-2013
20110207016DIRECT OXIDATION FUEL CELL - The invention relates to a direct oxidation fuel cell. The invention intends to provide a fuel cell having good fuel utilization efficiency and good power generation performance such as voltage produced and power generation efficiency by suppressing the phenomenon of the fuel supplied from the fuel flow channel passing through the electrolyte membrane and being oxidized at the cathode. The direct oxidation fuel cell of the invention includes at least one unit cell which includes: a membrane electrode assembly including an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte membrane interposed therebetween; an anode-side separator, and a cathode-side separator. The anode-side separator has a fuel flow channel for supplying a fuel to the anode. The anode has an anode catalyst layer including anode catalyst particles and a polymer electrolyte. The loading density of the anode catalyst particles in the anode catalyst layer is higher upstream than downstream of the fuel flow channel.08-25-2011
20110207015FUEL CELL ELECTRODES WITH TRIAZOLE MODIFIED POLYMERS AND MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLIES INCORPORATING SAME - Embodiments of the present anhydrous fuel cell electrodes comprise an anhydrous catalyst layer and a gas diffusion layer, wherein the anhydrous catalyst layer comprises at least one catalyst, about 5 mg/cm08-25-2011
20110207014FUEL CELL MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A fuel cell membrane electrode assembly includes an anode electrode catalyst layer, a cathode electrode catalyst layer, and a polymer electrolyte membrane. A ratio of a pore volume occupied by pores with a pore size of 0.1 μm or less is 70% or more in a pore volume occupied by pores with a pore size of 3 μm or less formed in the anode electrode catalyst layer. The polymer electrolyte membrane is sandwiched between the anode electrode catalyst layer and the cathode electrode catalyst layer.08-25-2011
20110143253CATALYST AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, FUEL CELL MEMBER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, FUEL CELL, AND ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVICE - The present invention is made to integrate a catalyst and other component(s) to be combined with the catalyst to reduce the number of components, and to reduce contact resistance of the integrated components.06-16-2011
20120094206Solid oxide fuel cells and manufacturing method thereof - Provided are a solid oxide fuel cell and a method of manufacturing the same. The solid oxide fuel cell in which at least one or more unit modules are stacked and integrated with each other includes first and second solid electrolyte layers in which each of the unit modules includes a plurality of fuel electrodes spaced a predetermined distance from each other and each having a strip shape and first and second supports each including a plurality of slits each having the same strip shape as that of each of the fuel electrodes. The first and second solid electrolyte layers overlap with each other on lower and upper sides of the first support so that the fuel electrodes face each other within the slits of the first support, and the second support overlaps with a lower side of the first or second solid electrolyte layer overlapping with the lower side of the first support so that the slits of the second support are disposed perpendicular to the slits of the first support. The slits of the first and second supports define fuel paths and air paths, respectively.04-19-2012
20120070763CATALYST, PRODUCTION PROCESS THEREFOR AND USE THEREOF - The invention provides catalysts that are not corroded in acidic electrolytes or at high potential and have excellent durability and high oxygen reducing ability, and processes for producing the catalysts and uses of the catalysts. The catalyst of the invention includes a metal oxycarbonitride that contains at least one metal selected from tantalum, vanadium, molybdenum and zirconium (hereinafter, also referred to as “metal M” or simply “M”) and does not contain any of platinum, titanium and niobium.03-22-2012
20110223517ASYMMETRIC ACIDIFICATION OF A MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - In one embodiment, a method of making an MEA for a fuel cell comprises arranging a cathodic structure on a first surface of a PEM, and arranging an anodic structure on a second surface of the PEM, opposite the first surface, the anodic structure containing more PA per unit volume than the cathodic structure. The method further comprises pressing the cathodic and anodic structures to the PEM to form the MEA.09-15-2011
20110229792Selectively Coated Bipolar Plates for Water Management and Freeze Start in PEM Fuel Cells - A flow field plate for fuel cell applications includes an electrically conductive plate having a first surface defining a plurality of channels. An active area section and an inactive area section characterize the flow field channels. A hydrophobic layer is disposed over at least a portion of the inactive area section while a hydrophilic layer is disposed over at least a portion of the active area section.09-22-2011
20120196205ELECTRODE FOR FUEL CELL, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL - An electrode for a fuel cell, a membrane electrode assembly including the electrode, and a fuel cell including the membrane electrode assembly. Due to the inclusion of a barrier layer between a diffusion layer and a catalyst layer, the electrode prevents leakage of phosphoric acid moving from the catalyst layer to the diffusion layer and prolongs the lifetime of the membrane electrode assembly.08-02-2012
20100196779FUEL CELL AND ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR FUEL CELL - The present invention provides a fuel cell which is good in gas permeability of a diffusion layer, exhibits good discharge of water vapor and a carbon dioxide gas, and can improve output properties. The fuel cell includes a cell (08-05-2010
20100136457GAS DIFFUSION ELECTRODE, FUEL CELL, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR THE GAS DIFFUSION ELECTRODE - The present invention provides a gas diffusion electrode in which flooding therein is suppressed. The gas diffusion electrode includes: a membrane formed of conductive fibers; a layer formed of conductive fine particles existing while coming into contact with one of surfaces of the membrane; and a catalyst, in which the membrane formed of the conductive fibers includes a region carrying the catalyst and a region free from carrying the catalyst, the region carrying the catalyst including a surface of the membrane formed of the conductive fibers on an opposite side of a surface of the membrane formed of the conductive fibers, which is brought into contact with the layer formed of the conductive fine particles. The catalyst can be formed by a reactive sputtering method.06-03-2010
20120141907FUEL CELL MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - The fuel cell membrane electrode assembly includes PtRu active species supported on mesoporous carbon nitride materials for use in the anode of direct methanol fuel cells. The fuel cell membrane electrode assembly includes an anode plate, a gas diffusion layer, and a catalyst adjacent a PEM membrane. The composition of the catalyst is about 30 wt % active species and 70 wt % support materials. The nitrided PtRu on a mesoporous carbon support provides enhanced hydrogen adsorbing capacity to accelerate the rate of oxidation of methanol at the anode of a direct methanol fuel cell, resulting in greater efficiency of the fuel cell.06-07-2012
20120141906ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR FUEL CELL, FUEL CELL COMPRISING THE SAME AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE FUEL CELL - There are provided an electrode material for a fuel cell, a fuel cell comprising the same, and a method of manufacturing the fuel cell. The electrode material for a fuel cell comprises an electrode base material and spherical polystyrene particles forming pores on the electrode base material through heat treatment. In the case of the electrode material according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the average particle size and content of the spherical polystyrene particles may be controlled to form pores having a uniform size on a sintering body formed of the electrode base material, and the control of the porosity thereof may be facilitated.06-07-2012
20110008703FUEL CELL WITH DEAD-END ANODE - A fuel cell (01-13-2011
20110008704FUEL CELL - The present invention relates to a fuel cell including: a membrane electrode assembly (01-13-2011
20110008705CATALYTIC ELECTRODE WITH GRADIENT POROSITY AND CATALYST DENSITY FOR FUEL CELLS - A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) for a fuel cell comprising a gradient catalyst structure and a method of making the same. The gradient catalyst structure can include a plurality of catalyst nanoparticles, e.g., platinum, disposed on layered buckypaper. The layered buckypaper can include at least a first layer and a second layer and the first layer can have a lower porosity compared to the second layer. The gradient catalyst structure can include single-wall nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, or both in the first layer of the layered buckypaper and can include carbon nanofibers in the second layer of the layered buckypaper. The MEA can have a catalyst utilization efficiency of at least 0.35 g01-13-2011
20110014541Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layer Integrated Gasket - A gas diffusion layer-integrated gasket 01-20-2011
20110027684DISPERSION COMPOSITION OF FLUORINE-CONTAINING ION EXCHANGE RESIN - Problems to be Solved02-03-2011
20110244359MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME - A membrane electrode assembly for a fuel cell includes an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte membrane disposed between the anode and the cathode. The cathode includes a cathode catalyst layer and a cathode diffusion layer disposed on the cathode catalyst layer. The cathode diffusion layer includes a conductive porous substrate and a porous composite layer disposed on a surface of the conductive porous substrate. The porous composite layer includes conductive carbon particles and a water-repellent binding material. The cathode diffusion layer has a plurality of through pores having a largest pore diameter of 15 to 20.5 μm and a mean flow pore diameter of 3 to 10.5 μm in pore throat size distribution determined by a half dry/bubble point method.10-06-2011
20110244358GAS DIFFUSION LAYER AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND FUEL CELL - An object of the present invention is to provide a gas diffusion layer having gas flow passages formed at its one main surface, which is capable of achieving a further improvement in power generation performance. The fuel cell-use gas diffusion layer (10-06-2011
20110244357Electrocatalyst Composition And Fuel Cell Containing Same - An electrocatalyst composition comprising one or more electrically conductive particles of one or more of carbon black, activated carbon, and graphite with one or more catalysts of a macrocycle and a metal adhered and/or bonded to the outer surface of the particles. The catalyst can be comprised, for example, of one or more of acetylacetonate and phthalocyanine and a metal. The metal component used in the electrocatalyst composition is comprised of one or more of iron, nickel, zinc, scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, copper, platinum, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridum, platinum and gold. An ionic transfer membrane having a layer of the electrocatalyst thereon is disposed in a fuel cell in communication with and between current collectors.10-06-2011
20110076589Nano-patterned electrolytes in solid oxide fuel cells - A nano-patterned membrane electrode assembly (MEA) is provided, which includes an electrolyte membrane layer having a three-dimensional close-packed array of hexagonal-pyramids, a first porous electrode layer, disposed on a top surface of the electrolyte membrane layer that conforms to a top surface-shape of the three-dimensional close-packed array of hexagonal-pyramids, and a second porous electrode layer disposed on a bottom surface of said electrolyte membrane layer that conforms to a bottom surface-shape of the three-dimensional close-packed array of hexagonal-pyramids, where a freestanding nano-patterned MEA is provided.03-31-2011
20110212381FUEL CELL - A fuel cell comprising: a membrane electrolyte assembly having a polymer electrolyte membrane and a pair of catalyst electrodes, namely an air electrode and a fuel electrode sandwiching the polymer electrolyte membrane; a pair of separators, namely an air electrode separator and a fuel electrode separator sandwiching the membrane electrolyte assembly; two or more oxidizing gas channels running in a certain direction for the purpose of supplying an oxidizing gas to the air electrode; and two or more linear fuel gas channels arranged parallel to the certain direction for the purpose of supplying a fuel gas to the fuel electrode. Large gaps and small gaps are provided alternately between adjacent two oxidizing gas channels along the certain direction, and the fuel gas channels do not overlap portions of the oxidizing gas channels, that are parallel to the fuel gas channels.09-01-2011
20100129727SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL COMPONENT AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL COMPONENT - A solid oxide fuel cell component (05-27-2010
20110076592MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE-ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL - The membrane-electrode-assembly of the present invention has a polymer electrolyte membrane, a pair of catalyst layers opposed to each other to interpose the polymer electrolyte membrane therebetween, and an anode gas diffusion layer and a cathode gas diffusion layer opposed to each other to interpose the polymer electrolyte membrane and the paired catalyst layers therebetween, wherein a porosity of the anode gas diffusion layer is 60% or less, a porosity of the cathode gas diffusion layer is larger than that of the anode gas diffusion layer, and the anode gas diffusion layer is made of a porous member mainly including conductive particles and a polymeric resin. In this manner, the power generating performance is further improved.03-31-2011
20110076591MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELL - An object of the present invention is to provide a membrane electrode assembly for a fuel cell that influences less system efficiency of the fuel cell and reduces the amount of emission of hazardous materials for a long period of time.03-31-2011
20110076590BIPOLAR PLATE FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL - The object of the present invention is to provide a bipolar plate for a fuel cell, suppressing the stay of condensed water in a gas diffusion layer and improving gas diffusion performance. The bipolar plate supplies reaction gas to a power generating surface and has a channel for the reaction gas. The channel is formed with ribs which are made of a conductive material laminate. The ribs have a porous structure and water repellency. The water repellency of the ribs is set lower than that of an adjacent gas diffusion layer. Thus, the condensed water can be moved from the gas diffusion layer to the ribs in an area where the gas diffusion layer and the ribs are in contact with each other. Therefore, deterioration of the gas diffusion performance due to the stay of the condensed water in the gas diffusion layer can be prevented.03-31-2011
20110151351MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING MIXED CARBON PARTICLES - Gas permeable layers in fuel cell membrane electrode assemblies are provided which comprises a mixture of first and second types of carbon particles, which may provide relatively hydrophilic and relatively hydrophobic pathways. In some embodiments, the first type of carbon particle oxidizes at a lower rate than said second type of carbon particle. In some embodiments, the first type of carbon particle is graphitized and the second type of carbon particle is not graphitized.06-23-2011
20110045380Membrane Electrode Joint Product and Solid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Battery - The objective of the present invention is to provide a membrane electrode assembly, and a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell having the assembly. The assembly has a member that has excellent gas sealing properties, and at the same time, is capable of improving electrode membrane strength. In the assembly, the polymer electrode membrane is not deteriorated. Further, the assembly is easy to be built up, since the number of components is small. The membrane electrode assembly for a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell of the present invention is characterized in comprising a polymer electrolyte membrane, a fuel electrode layer and an air electrode layer located respectively on each surface of the membrane, and a fuel electrode diffusing layer and an air electrode diffusing layer located respectively on the fuel electrode layer and the air electrode layer; wherein an area of a planer section of the polymer electrolyte membrane is slightly larger than areas of planer sections of the fuel electrode layer and the air electrode layer; a reinforcing frame formed of a thermosetting resin is located on a part of the polymer electrolyte membrane where the fuel electrode layer or the air electrode layer is not formed on one side or both sides thereof; and a protective later exists in at least a part between the polymer electrolyte membrane and the reinforcing frame.02-24-2011
20110250523FUEL CELL - A fuel cell comprises a cathode catalyst layer and an anode catalyst layer disposed on each surface of an electrolyte membrane, an oxidant gas passage facing the cathode catalyst layer, and a fuel gas passage facing the anode catalyst layer. The cathode catalyst layer contains a metal catalyst. In a region (A), in which the differential electric potential between the cathode catalyst layer and the electrolyte membrane is larger than in another region, the metal catalyst content of the cathode catalyst layer or the specific surface area of the metal catalyst in the form of minute particles is increased, and thus a deterioration in electric power generation efficiency caused by melting of the metal catalyst due to the large differential electric potential is prevented.10-13-2011
20110151350FUEL CELL SUBASSEMBLIES INCORPORATING SUBGASKETED THRIFTED MEMBRANES - A fuel cell roll good subassembly is described that includes a plurality of individual electrolyte membranes. One or more first subgaskets are attached to the individual electrolyte membranes. Each of the first subgaskets has at least one aperture and the first subgaskets are arranged so the center regions of the individual electrolyte membranes are exposed through the apertures of the first subgaskets. A second subgasket comprises a web having a plurality of apertures. The second subgasket web is attached to the one or more first subgaskets so the center regions of the individual electrolyte membranes are exposed through the apertures of the second subgasket web. The second subgasket web may have little or no adhesive on the subgasket surface facing the electrolyte membrane.06-23-2011
20120202134REDUCED THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN PEM FUEL CELL GAS DIFFUSION LAYERS - A fuel cell for a fuel cell power plant having gas diffusion layers which do not have microporous layers, includes a PEM (08-09-2012
20130196246FUEL ELECTRODES FOR SOLID OXIDE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL, PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND SOLID OXIDE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS - A fuel electrode for a solid oxide electrochemical cell includes: an electrode layer constituted of a mixed phase including an oxide having mixed conductivity and another oxide selected from the group including an aluminum-based oxide and a magnesium-based composite oxide, said another oxide having, supported on a surface part thereof, particles of at least one member selected from nickel, cobalt, and nickel-cobalt alloys.08-01-2013
20110262833DENDRIMER SOLID ACID AND POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE INCLUDING THE SAME - Provided are a dendrimer solid acid and a polymer electrolyte membrane using the same. The polymer electrolyte membrane includes a macromolecule of a dendrimer solid acid having ionically conductive terminal groups at the surface thereof and a minimum amount of ionically conductive terminal groups required for ionic conduction, thus suppressing swelling and allowing a uniform distribution of the dendrimer solid acid, thereby improving ionic conductivity. Since the number of ionically conductive terminal groups in the polymer electrolyte membrane is minimized and the polymer matrix in which swelling is suppressed is used, methanol crossover and difficulties of outflow due to a large volume may be reduced, and a macromolecule of the dendrimer solid acid having the ionically conductive terminal groups on the surface thereof is uniformly distributed. Accordingly, ionic conductivity is high and thus, the polymer electrolyte membrane shows good ionic conductivity even in non-humidified conditions.10-27-2011
20100323270FUEL CELL - A fuel cell includes: an anode-forming layer that is provided on an outer side of one surface of an electrolyte membrane and that includes an anode; a cathode provided on an outer side of another surface of the electrolyte membrane; a partition wall portion that is formed in the anode-forming layer in the thickness direction thereof, and that divides at least a surface of the anode-forming layer remote from the electrolyte membrane into blocks, and that restrains movement of a gas between adjacent blocks; and a gas introduction portion which has a gas passage portion that allows the fuel gas to pass through and which introduces the fuel gas, via the gas passage portion, into the blocks divided by the partition wall portion.12-23-2010
20100323269CATALYST LAYER AND PREPARATION PROCESS THEREOF, AND MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL USING THE CATALYST LAYER - In a membrane-electrode assembly for polymer electrolyte fuel cells comprising a polymer electrolyte membrane and two gas diffusion electrodes being bonded to the membrane so that the membrane can be between them, at least one catalyst layer constituting the gas diffusion electrodes characterized in that the ion-conductive binder comprises a block copolymer having a particle size of 1 μm or less comprising a polymer block (A) having ion-conductive groups and a polymer block (B) having no ion-conductive group, both polymer blocks phase separate from each other, polymer block (A) forms a continuous phase, and the contact parts of the block copolymer with catalyst particles are comprised of polymer block (A) having ion-conductive groups; a membrane-electrode assembly and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell.12-23-2010
20120064430MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND FUEL CELLS - The membrane electrode assembly 03-15-2012
20110136037FUEL CELL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE FUEL CELL - In order to prevent an electrolyte membrane from being broken, and make an assembling steps of a cell easy, in a fuel cell provided with a membrane electrode complex in which catalyst layers are respectively arranged on both surfaces of a electrolyte membrane, first and second gas diffusion layers which are arranged on both surfaces of the electrode complex, separators for respectively supplying reaction gas to the first and second gas diffusion layers, and a gasket for sealing the reaction gas, the gasket is formed on a surface of the gas diffusion layer so as to oppose to the separator, at least the gasket forming portion of the gas diffusion layer has a lower void content than the portion in contact with the catalyst layer, and the gasket arranged in the first and second gas diffusion layers is integrally formed at least via a through hole passing through the first and second gas diffusion layers.06-09-2011
20110177423Five-Layer Membrane Electrode Assembly with Attached Border and Method of Making Same - A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) with a first structural film layer disposed at its periphery, a second structural film layer adhered to the first structural film layer by an adhesive, at least one of the first and second structural film layers also being adhered to one of an anode and cathode by the adhesive, the MEA and the first and second structural film layers being sandwiched by a pair of gas diffusion layers, characterized in that the first structural film layer has a plurality of vias therein; and the second structural film layer has a plurality of vias therein which are in non-overlapping relation to the vias in the first structural film layer.07-21-2011
20100266928SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL MEMBRANE - Disclosed is a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell membrane comprising an anion exchange membrane that contains a hydrocarbon-based anion exchange resin, wherein the water permeability at 25° C. is 1400 g m10-21-2010
20100190084SINGLE FUEL CELL - A single fuel cell which can suppress mechanical load applied to the electrolyte membrane of the same and apply a sufficient load per unit area of the central region of the same. The single fuel cell comprises a membrane electrode assembly, and a single fuel cell thickness control layer which is thinner in a region of the single fuel cell where a second part of a protective layer is present than in a central region of the single fuel cell where the protective layer is not present, or is not present in the region where the second part of the protective layer is present so that the thickness of the single fuel cell in the region where the second part of the protective layer is present is equal to or smaller than the thickness of the same in the central region where the protective layer is not present.07-29-2010
20110189580CO-DEPOSITION OF CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL AT THE DIFFUSION MEDIA/PLATE INTERFACE - A method of depositing a conductive material is described. The method includes: providing a plate selected from anode plates, cathode plates, bipolar plates, or combinations thereof, wherein the plate includes gas flow channels; providing a diffusion media in contact with the gas flow channel side of the plate to form an assembly; introducing a gaseous precursor of the conductive material into the assembly using a chemical vapor infiltration process; infiltrating the gaseous precursor into the diffusion media and gas flow channels of the plates; and depositing a coating of the conductive material on the diffusion media, the gas flow channels of the plate, or both. An assembly having a CVI conductive coating and a fuel cell incorporating the diffusion media having the CVI conductive coating are also described.08-04-2011
20100221636FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF - The invention relates to a fuel cell which has a membrane-electrode unit comprising an ion-conducting membrane with catalyst layers which are disposed on oppositely situated surfaces of the membrane and serve as anode and cathode, and also possibly an anode-side and/or a cathode-side gas diffusion layer, the membrane-electrode unit having adjacent regions with different diffusion transport for educts and/or products. The invention likewise relates to a method for the production of fuel cells of this type.09-02-2010
20120040268POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL STACK COMPRISING THE SAME - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell of the present invention comprises a membrane-electrode assembly (02-16-2012
20100273085Method for the Electrochemical Deposition of Catalyst Particles Onto Carbon Fibre-Containing Substrates and Apparatus Therefor - The present invention describes a method and an apparatus for the electrochemical deposition of fine catalyst particles onto carbon fibre-containing substrates which have a compensating layer (“microlayer”). The method comprises the preparation of a precursor suspension containing ionomer, carbon black and metal ions. This suspension is applied to the substrate and then dried. The deposition of the catalyst particles onto the carbon fibre-containing substrate is effected by a pulsed electrochemical method in an aqueous electrolyte. The noble metal-containing catalyst particles produced by the method have particle sizes in the nanometer range. The catalyst-coated substrates are used for the production of electrodes, gas diffusion electrodes and membrane electrode units for electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells (membrane fuel cells, PEMFC, DMFC, etc.), electrolysers or electrochemical sensors.10-28-2010
20120156587FUEL CELL - In one embodiment, in a fuel cell, a first electrode supplied with an oxidant gas includes a first gas diffusion layer having a first porous base material and a first catalyst layer having a second porous base material. The first catalyst layer is stacked to the first gas diffusion layer. The second porous base material has a pore diameter distribution with a peak in a range of 0.04 μm to 0.12 μm, and a volume ratio of pores with diameters of 0.04 μm to 0.12 μm to all the pores being 17% or more. A second electrode supplied with a fuel includes a second gas diffusion layer having a third porous base material and a second catalyst layer having a fourth porous base material. The second catalyst layer is stacked to the second gas diffusion layer. An electrolyte film is held between the first and second catalyst layers.06-21-2012
20120045710GAS DIFFUSION SUBSTRATE - A gas diffusion substrate comprising a non-woven fibre web, thermally conductive materials and a carbonaceous residue, wherein the thermally conductive materials and carbonaceous residue are embedded within the non-woven fibre web and wherein the thermally conductive materials have a maximum dimension of between 1 and 100 μm and the gas diffusion substrate has a porosity of less than 80% is disclosed. The substrate has particular use in phosphoric acid fuel cells.02-23-2012
20120058412POROUS MATERIAL FOR FUEL CELL ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FOR SOLID POLYMER FUEL CELL, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY (MEA), AND FUEL CELL - According to the present invention, a porous material for a fuel cell electrolyte membrane, wherein at least one strength auxiliary layer is provided inside and/or on the surface of a high porosity layer, the high porosity layer and the strength auxiliary layer constitute a multilayer structure, and the average diameter of pores of the high porosity layer is different from the average diameter of pores of the strength auxiliary layer, is provided. Also, a porous material having high porosity and high strength, which is suitable as a base material for an electrolyte membrane of a solid polymer fuel cell, is provided and a high-performance fuel cell using such material is realized.03-08-2012
20120156586FUEL DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURE AND FUEL CELL HAVING THE SAME - A fuel distribution structure including a first material layer, a second material layer, a flow channel layer and a filler is provided. The first material layer has a fuel inlet, the second material layer has a plurality of fuel outlets, the flow channel layer has a patterned flow channel, wherein the fuel inlet and the fuel outlets are covered by a distribution range of the patterned flow channel, and the filler is disposed in the patterned flow channel. In addition, a fuel cell having the above-mentioned fuel distribution structure is also provided.06-21-2012
20120164553GAS DIFFUSION LAYER FOR FUEL CELL, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, AND FUEL CELL - Provided is a gas diffusion layer for a fuel cell, wherein a reactive gas passage groove for distributing a reactive gas is formed in one principal surface of the gas diffusion layer, and a reinforcing member is provided along the reactive gas passage grooves. Thus, the deformation of the gas diffusion layer due to a fastening pressure can be suppressed to improve the power generation performance.06-28-2012
20120164552SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - A solid oxide fuel cell having a fuel electrode, a solid electrolyte film, an air electrode, and a conductive current-collecting mesh bonded to an upper surface, opposite to a lower bonding surface with the solid electrolyte film, of the air electrode. Plural bonding portions that are bonded to the current-collecting mesh and plural non-bonding portions that are not bonded to the current-collecting mesh are present on the upper surface of the air electrode. In the air electrode, regions having a porosity smaller than a porosity of the other region are respectively formed on the position in the middle of the thickness of the air electrode from each bonding portion. The average of the porosity of the dense portion is 20% or more and less than 35%, while the average of the porosity of the porous portion is 35% or more and less than 55%.06-28-2012
20120219875FUEL CELL AND VEHICLE INCLUDING THE FUEL CELL - A fuel cell (08-30-2012
20120219874Method For Manufacturing Reinforced Membrane Electrode Assembly and Reinforced Membrane Electrode Assembly - To provide a manufacturing method of a membrane electrode assembly which improves the reliability of seal, mechanical strength, and handling ability of a solid polymer type fuel cell.08-30-2012
20110183231HIGH MOLECULAR NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANE FOR DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL, AND MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND METHANOL FUEL CELL INCLUDING THE SAME - A high molecular nanocomposite membrane for a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC), and a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) and a methanol fuel cell including the same membrane. The high molecular nanocomposite membrane for a DMFC includes a Nafion® high molecular membrane in which hydrophobic silica nanoparticles made of a silane compound having a water repellent functional group are dispersed. Since the high molecular nanocomposite membrane for a DMFC has lower permeability of methanol than a commercially available Nafion® high molecular membrane, the MEA fabricated using the high molecular nanocomposite membrane has little crossover of reaction fuel at the negative electrode. In addition, the methanol fuel electrode fabricated using the MEA that includes the high molecular nanocomposite membrane can decrease fuel loss and voltage loss.07-28-2011
20120214082FUEL CELL - A fuel cell is disclosed comprising: a power generation layer including an electrolyte membrane, and an anode and a cathode provided on respective surfaces of the electrolyte membrane; a fuel gas flow path layer located on a side of the anode of the power generation layer to supply a fuel gas to the anode while flowing the fuel gas along a flow direction of the fuel gas approximately orthogonal to a stacking direction in which respective layers of the fuel cell are stacked; and an oxidizing gas flow path layer located on a side of the cathode of the power generation layer to supply an oxidizing gas to the cathode while flowing the oxidizing gas along a flow direction of the oxidizing gas opposed to the flow direction of the fuel gas. A power generation area of the fuel cell, in which electric power is generated, has an upstream region including a most upstream position along the flow direction of the fuel gas and a downstream region including a most downstream position along the flow direction of the fuel gas. A midstream region, which is a remaining region of the power generation area other than the upstream region and the downstream region, has higher water vapor transfer resistance between the anode side and the cathode side than the upstream region and the downstream region.08-23-2012
20120135330Membrane-Electrode Assembly with integrated sealing material - The invention relates to a catalyst-coated ion-conducting membrane and a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) for electrochemical devices, in particular for fuel cells. The catalyst-coated, ion-conducting membrane is provided with a sealing material which is applied in the edge region to one side of the membrane and has a thickness which corresponds to at least the total thickness of the catalyst-coated membrane. Owing to their simple, material-conserving construction, the catalyst-coated ion-conducting membranes and the membrane-electrode assemblies produced therefrom can be manufactured inexpensively. They are used in PEM fuel cells, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), electrolysers and other electrochemical devices.05-31-2012
20120171594AIR CATHODE AND METAL-AIR BATTERY - A main object of the present invention is to provide an air cathode capable of achieving both high initial discharge capacity and high capacity retention. In the present invention, the problem is solved by providing an air cathode used in a metal-air battery, comprising: an air cathode layer containing a conductive material, a particulate catalyst and a fibrous catalyst; and an air cathode current collector for collecting current of the air cathode layer, wherein the ratio of the fibrous catalyst to the total weight of the particulate catalyst and the fibrous catalyst is 10% by weight or less.07-05-2012
20120171593METAL CATALYST COMPOSITION MODIFIED BY NITROGEN-CONTAINING COMPOUND - The present invention relates to a metal catalyst composition modified by a nitrogen-containing compound, which effectively reduces cathode catalyst poisoning. The catalyst composition applied on the anode also lowers the over-potential. The catalyst coupled with the nitrogen-containing compound has increased three-dimensional hindrance, which improves the distribution of the catalyst particles and improves the reaction activity.07-05-2012
20120178014REACTION LAYER FOR FUEL CELL - A reaction layer for a fuel cell, which is interposed between a solid electrolyte membrane and a diffusion layer in the fuel cell, the reaction layer including a first layer that is in contact with the solid electrolyte membrane, a second layer that is in contact with the diffusion layer; and an intermediate layer that is interposed between the first layer and the second layer, wherein the first layer and the second layer have a catalyst supported by an electrically conductive support, and the intermediate layer has no catalyst.07-12-2012
20120178013CATALYST COATED MEMBRANE FOR FUEL CELL, MEMBRANE AND ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY (MEA) INCLUDING SAME, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE MEA, AND FUEL CELL INCLUDING THE MEA - A catalyst coated membrane (CCM) for a fuel cell, including an electrolyte membrane and a catalyst layer formed on at least one surface of the electrolyte membrane, a membrane and electrode assembly (MEA) for a fuel cell, including the CCM, a method of preparing the MEA, and a fuel cell including the MEA. The CCM is formed directly on the electrolyte membrane.07-12-2012
20100291461PREPARATION OF NANOSTRUCTURED THIN CATALYTIC LAYER-BASED ELECTRODE INK - A method of making an electrode ink containing nanostructured catalyst elements is described. The method comprises providing an electrocatalyst decal comprising a carrying substrate having a nanostructured thin catalytic layer thereon, the nanostructure thin catalytic layer comprising nanostructured catalyst elements; providing a transfer substrate with an adhesive thereon; transferring the nanostructured thin catalytic layer from the carrying substrate to the transfer substrate; removing the nanostructured catalyst elements from the transfer substrate; providing an electrode ink solvent; and dispersing the nanostructured catalyst elements in the electrode ink solvent. Electrode inks, coated substrates, and membrane electrode assemblies made from the method are also described.11-18-2010
20120258380POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell of the present invention includes a membrane-electrode assembly (10-11-2012
20120082918ELECTRODE FOR FUEL CELLS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME - A method for manufacturing an electrode including: binding catalyst particles and porous carbon particles to a base material to form a catalyst porous structure; preparing an electrolyte precursor mixture containing a polymerizable electrolyte precursor represented by (R04-05-2012
20120082917FUEL CELL ELECTRODES WITH GRADED PROPERTIES AND METHOD OF MAKING - A graded electrode is described. The graded electrode includes a substrate; and at least two electrode layers on the substrate forming a combined electrode layer, a composition of the at least two electrode layers being different, the combined electrode layer having an average level of the property that changes across the substrate. Fuel cells using graded electrodes and methods of making graded electrodes are also described.04-05-2012
20120258381INK, FUEL CELL CATALYST LAYER FORMED BY USING THE INK AND USES THEREOF - There is provided an ink for forming a fuel cell catalyst layer that is capable of efficiently forming a high-performance fuel cell catalyst layer inexpensively. The ink for forming a fuel cell catalyst layer of the present invention comprises a fuel cell catalyst, an electron conductive material, a proton conductive material and a solvent, wherein the fuel cell catalyst comprises a metal-containing oxycarbonitride that contains niobium and/or titanium; the mass ratio [(A)/(B)] of the content (A) of the fuel cell catalyst to the content (B) of the electron conductive material is 1 to 6; and the mass ratio [(D)/(C)] of the content (D) of the proton conductive material to the total content (C) of the fuel cell catalyst and the electron conductive material is 0.2 to 0.6.10-11-2012
20120321988CATALYST LAYER ASSEMBLY - A reinforced catalyst layer assembly, suitably for use in a fuel cell, said reinforced catalyst layer assembly comprising: (i) a planar reinforcing component consisting of a porous material having pores extending through the thickness of the material in the z-direction, and (ii) a first catalyst component comprising a first catalyst material and a first ion-conducting material, characterised in that the first catalyst component is at least partially embedded within the planar reinforcing component, forming a first catalyst layer having a first surface and a second surface is disclosed.12-20-2012
20120321987FUEL CELL - A fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly, and a first separator and a second separator sandwiching the membrane electrode assembly. The membrane electrode assembly has a resin frame member, and an inlet buffer is provided on the resin frame member adjacent to the fuel gas supply passage. The inlet buffer includes a first buffer area adjacent to the fuel gas supply passage and a second buffer area adjacent to a fuel gas flow field. The opening dimension of the first buffer area in a stacking direction is larger than the opening dimension of the second buffer area in the stacking direction.12-20-2012
20120270134FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A FUEL CELL - A fuel cell comprises an electrolyte membrane; first and second catalyst layers formed on respective faces of the electrolyte membrane; and first and second reinforcing layers holding therebetween the electrolyte membrane and the first and second catalyst layers, wherein the first catalyst layer and the first reinforcing layer are joined together with a force of not less than a specific joint strength that suppresses expansion and contraction of the electrolyte membrane, and the second catalyst layer and the second reinforcing layer are joined together with a force of less than a specific joint strength that releases a stress due to expansion and contraction of the electrolyte membrane, or the second catalyst layer and the second reinforcing layer are not joined together.10-25-2012
20100233568GAS DIFFUSION ELECTRODE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - A porous gas diffusion electrode provided on a polymer electrolyte such that a gas can be introduced, for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, includes a carbon fiber, and an electric conductive polymer and a thermoset resin that bond the carbon fibers to each other.09-16-2010
20100221635METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING FUEL CELL, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, AND FUEL CELL - Provided is a method of manufacturing a membrane electrode assembly including catalyst layers in both sides of a polymer electrolyte membrane, substance diffusion of the catalyst layer being improved, in which forming at least one of the catalyst layers includes at least: forming a first layer including one of a catalyst and a catalyst precursor on a surface of a sheet by vapor-phase deposition; forming a through hole in the first layer; forming a second layer including one of a catalyst and a catalyst precursor on a surface of the first layer having the through hole by vapor-phase deposition; joining a polymer electrolyte membrane to a surface of the second layer; and peeling off the sheet from the first layer.09-02-2010
20110281197ANION-EXCHANGE MEMBRANE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Disclosed is an anion-exchange membrane which does not easily deteriorate even when used at high temperatures in a strong alkaline atmosphere. Also disclosed is a method for producing the anion-exchange membrane. The anion-exchange membrane is a microporous membrane which is composed of a water-insoluble resin and an anion-exchange resin filling the pores of the microporous membrane. The anion-exchange resin is composed of an anion-exchange resin wherein a quaternary ammonium salt group serving as an anion-exchange group is directly bonded to an aliphatic hydrocarbon chain, said anion-exchange resin being obtained by polymerizing and crosslinking a monomer composition which contains a crosslinking agent and a monomer component including a diallyl ammonium salt.11-17-2011
20100183941ASSEMBLY OF MEMBRANE, ELECTRODE, GAS DIFFUSION LAYER AND GASKET, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND SOLID POLYMER FUEL CELL - A method for producing a membrane-electrode-gas diffusion layer-gasket assembly 07-22-2010
20120100455CATALYST SUPPORT MATERIAL COMPRISING POLYAZOLE SALT, ELECTROCHEMICAL CATALYST, AND THE PREPARATION OF A GAS DIFFUSION ELECTRODE AND A MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY THEREFROM - A catalyst material comprising an electrically conducting support material, a proton-conducting, acid-doped polymer based on a polyazole salt, and a catalytically active material. A process for preparing the catalyst material. A catalyst material prepared by the process of the invention. A catalyst ink comprising the catalyst material of the invention and a solvent. A catalyst-coated membrane (CCM) comprising a polymer electrolyte membrane and also catalytically active layers comprising a catalyst material of the present invention. A gas diffusion electrode (GDE) comprising a gas diffusion layer and a catalytically active layer comprising a catalyst material of the invention. A membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) comprising a polymer electrolyte membrane, catalytically active layers comprising a catalyst material of the invention, and gas diffusion layers. And a fuel cell comprising a membrane-electrode assembly of the present invention.04-26-2012
20110159399POWER GENERATION CELL FOR FUEL BATTERY - An electrolyte membrane 06-30-2011
20130177832MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, FUEL CELL USING THE SAME AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - There is provided a technique of preventing degradation of an electrolyte membrane included in a fuel cell. A fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly. The membrane electrode assembly is provided as a power generation device where electrodes are arranged on both sides of an electrolyte membrane having proton conductivity. Each of the electrodes has a layered structure of stacking a catalyst layer arranged to support a catalyst and a gas diffusion layer arranged to spread a reactive gas over the entire electrode plane. The outer peripheral edge of the gas diffusion layer is located inward of the outer peripheral edge of the catalyst layer.07-11-2013
20130143143NOVEL PRINTED FUEL CELL WITH INTEGRATED GAS CHANNELS - A printed fuel cell having integrated gas channels, and having an anode layer, where a first gas diffusion electrode layer is periodically fixed to the anode layer, wherein the periodically fixed first gas diffusion electrode layer defines hydrogen flow field channels. A first catalyst material is coated or infused to the first gas diffusion electrode layer. An electrolyte membrane covers portions of the anode layer and first gas diffusion electrode layer with the first catalyst material. A second catalyst material is coated or infused to the electrolyte membrane. A second gas diffusion electrode layer is in operative association with the electrolyte membrane and second catalyst material, on a surface of the electrolyte membrane different from a surface of the electrolyte membrane which is in contact with the first gas diffusion electrode layer, and a perforated cathode is in contact with the second gas diffusion electrode layer.06-06-2013
20120251916FUEL CELL UNIT - A fuel cell unit including a membrane electrode assembly (MEA), a cathode collector plate, an anode collector plate, and a plurality of ribs is provided. The cathode collector plate is disposed at one side of the membrane electrode assembly. The anode collector plate is disposed at another side of the membrane electrode assembly. A material of the anode collector plate may be metal. The ribs are respectively disposed on the anode collector plate. A material of the ribs may be metal. The ribs and the anode collector slate form a plurality of gas channels for supplying a reaction gas to the membrane electrode assembly.10-04-2012
20130101917POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell includes: a sealing structure (04-25-2013
20130101916FUEL CELL - A fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly, a first separator, and a second separator. The membrane electrode assembly includes a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, a first electrode, a second electrode, and a resin frame member. The membrane electrode assembly includes a power generation section and a stepped section. The power generation section is located in an interior space of the resin frame member. The solid polymer electrolyte membrane is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode in the power generation section. The stepped section is located on an outer side of the first electrode. The solid polymer electrolyte membrane is provided between the second electrode and the resin frame member in the stepped section. A magnitude of an interference in the stepped section is set to be smaller than a magnitude of an interference in the power generation section.04-25-2013
20110256466MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY COMPRISING A CATALYST MIGRATION BARRIER LAYER - A membrane electrode assembly for a fuel cell is disclosed, which comprises at least one porous ionomer containing layer disposed at the interface between the cathode electrocatalyst material and the ion exchange membrane of the fuel cell. The porous ionomer containing layer comprises a catalyst migration impeding compound. The membrane electrode assembly exhibits improved stability against Pt dissolution and Pt-band formation within the ion exchange membrane, hence having improved durability and lifetime performance.10-20-2011
20110275004FUEL CELL SOCKETS, AND FUEL CELL COUPLERS AND FUEL CELLS USING SAME - A fuel cell socket, to which a fuel cell plug for discharging a liquid fuel for a fuel cell is detachably connected, includes a cylindrical socket body having a diameter-reduced part provided at a substantially intermediate position in an axial direction, a valve having a shaft portion which is protruded toward a connection side through the diameter-reduced part, an elastic cylindrical fuel introduction path which is provided to surround the shaft portion protruded from the diameter-reduced part and has a fastener provided at a side portion, and an auxiliary elastic body which is provided outside the fuel introduction path and pushes the fastener toward the connection side.11-10-2011
20130183604FUEL CELL RESIN FRAME EQUIPPED MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - A resin frame equipped membrane electrode assembly includes a membrane electrode assembly and a resin frame member. The membrane electrode assembly includes an anode, a cathode, and a solid polymer electrolyte membrane interposed between the anode and the cathode. The resin frame member is provided around the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. The resin frame member includes an inner extension protruding toward the outer periphery of the cathode to contact the outer end of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. The inner extension of the resin frame member includes a plurality of columnar projections formed integrally with an adhesive surface where an adhesive layer is provided.07-18-2013
20100316929AQUEOUS FORMULATIONS COMPRISING POLYAROMATIC COMPOUNDS BEARING ACID GROUPS AND/OR SALTS OF ACID GROUPS, PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THEM, FURTHER FORMULATIONS PRODUCED USING THE AQUEOUS FORMULATIONS AND USE OF THE FURTHER FORMULATIONS IN FUEL CELLS - Process for producing aqueous formulations (A) comprising at least one polyaromatic compound bearing acid groups and/or salts of acid groups and also aqueous formulations (A) which have been produced according to the process of the invention. Also a process for producing dried formulations (B) by removing the water from the aqueous formulations (A) and also the dried formulations (B) themselves. In addition a formulation (C) comprising the dried formulation (B) of the invention and also water or an aqueous formulation (A) and a water-comprising formulation (D) comprising the aqueous formulation (A) of the invention or the formulation (C) of the invention and additionally at least 2% by weight of an organic solvent. Additionally dry formulations (E) which are obtained by removing water from the water-comprising formulations (D) of the invention. Also the use of the water-comprising formulations (D) of the invention and of the dry formulations (E) obtained from these for producing a polymer electrolyte membrane and also the polymer electrolyte membrane itself and a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) and also a fuel cell comprising the polymer electrolyte membrane of the invention.12-16-2010
20130157163Method For Laminating Composite Sheet Using Release Film, Laminate Obtained by the Method, and Release Film For Use in the Method - In a carbon black (CB)/PTFE composite porous sheet that can be used as a gas diffusion layer in an electrochemical device in applications involving electro chemical reaction such as a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, electrolysis, gas sensor and the like, wrinkle or breakage may be produced due to its flexibility. A method is provided which makes it possible to easily handle this sheet that is difficult to handle, without giving rise to wrinkle or breakage.06-20-2013
20130157164FUEL CELL - A close attachment region is provided on the outer side relative to an outer edge portion of a gas diffusion layer and on the inner side relative to the inner edge portion of a gasket as seen from the thickness direction of a polymer electrolyte membrane, such that separators and a frame member are closely attached to each other. Thus, it becomes possible to suppress an increase in the manufacturing cost and a reduction in the power generation performance, which is attributed to the impurity eluted from the gasket and flowing toward the gas diffusion layer.06-20-2013
20110311898ELECTRODE-MEMBRANE-FRAME ASSEMBLY, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL - A method for producing an electrode-membrane-frame assembly according to the present invention includes arranging a previously molded first molded body on a circumferential region of first catalyst layer close to first gas diffusion layer, arranging a previously molded second molded body on a circumferential region of second catalyst layer close to second gas diffusion layer, and forming a third molded body by injection molding so as to integrally connect the first molded body and the second molded body and not to be directly in contact with an inner side region of second main surface of a polymer electrolyte membrane positioned on an inner side of an outer edge part of the second molded body when viewed from a thickness direction of the polymer electrolyte membrane, whereby a frame having the first, second, and the third molded body is formed. Thus, the polymer electrolyte membrane can be prevented from deteriorating.12-22-2011
20110311897CELL FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL - A cell for a fuel cell, having an electric power generation region in which an assembly 12-22-2011
20120288783MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY WITH INTEGRATED FRAME AND FUEL CELL - Disclosed is a membrane electrode assembly provided with a polymer electrolyte membrane; a catalyst layer (A) which is laminated onto one surface of the polymer electrolyte membrane; a gas diffusion layer (A) which is laminated onto the catalyst layer (A); a catalyst layer (B); and a gas diffusion layer (B). The outer circumferential section of the catalyst layer (A) is the membrane electrode assembly with an integrated frame which comprises a membrane electrode assembly that protrudes from the gas diffusion layer (A) and a frame adhered to the outer circumferential section of the catalyst layer (A), whereby said frame surrounds the edge of the membrane electrode assembly. The surface that is adhered to the frame in the outer circumferential section of the catalyst layer (A) comprises a plurality of cracks.11-15-2012
20120021329MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AS WELL AS FUEL CELL - In order to provide a membrane electrode assembly that can further improve power generation performances of a fuel cell, the present invention allows a rib portion (01-26-2012
20120028162Electrolyte Supported Cell Designed for Longer Life and Higher Power - A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) includes a cathode electrode, an anode electrode, and a solid oxide electrolyte located between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode. The cathode electrode is a porous ceramic layer infiltrated with a cathode catalyst material, and the anode electrode is a porous ceramic layer infiltrated with an anode catalyst material, and the electrolyte is a ceramic layer having a lower porosity than the anode and the cathode electrodes. A ceramic reinforcing region may be located adjacent to the riser opening in the electrolyte.02-02-2012
20130202984METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - The present invention relates to a new method for the production of electrochemical cells, in particular individual cells for fuel cells and stacks, in which the individual components of a membrane electrode assembly are compressed and bonded by use of ultrasonic waves and the absence of any further additional heating. The method according to the invention allows faster cycles during the lamination of the membrane electrode assemblies.08-08-2013
20120064431POLYMER ELECTROLYTE-CATALYST COMPOSITE STRUCTURE PARTICLE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, ELECTRODE, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY (MEA), AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE - Polymer electrolyte-catalyst particles that are effective in preventing agglomeration of catalyst particles and polymer electrolyte particles, effective in the formation of ion pathways by polymer electrolyte particles and electron pathways by catalyst particles, and that are able to realize strong catalytic performance by improving the use efficiency of the catalyst particles and a manufacturing method thereof, electrodes formed using such composite structure particles, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA), and an electrochemical device are provided.03-15-2012

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