Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Humidification or dehumidification

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

429400000 - FUEL CELL, SUBCOMBINATION THEREOF, OR METHOD OF MAKING OR OPERATING

429408000 - Process or means for producing, recycling, or treating reactant, feedstock, product, or electrolyte

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
429414000 Removing or using product water 95
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20110189554HUMIDIFICATION UNIT AND FUEL CARTRIDGE - A humidification unit and a fuel cartridge are provided, wherein the fuel cartridge is capable of supplying hydrogen gas to a fuel cell (FC) stack. The fuel cartridge includes a hydrogen supply unit and a humidification unit. The hydrogen supply unit is capable of generating the hydrogen gas. The humidification unit is connected with the hydrogen supply unit. The humidification unit includes a first chamber, a second chamber, a membrane, and at least one membrane destructor. The first chamber contains water, and the second chamber contains a water absorbing material. The membrane is disposed between the first chamber and the second chamber. The membrane destructor is connected to the membrane. The water in the first chamber flows into the second chamber and is absorbed by the water absorbing material when a hole is formed on the membrane by the membrane destructor.08-04-2011
20110195325HUMIDIFIER MODULE FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a humidifier module (08-11-2011
20110195324METHODS AND PROCESSES TO RECOVER VOLTAGE LOSS OF PEM FUEL CELL STACK - A system and method for recovering cell voltage loss in a PEM fuel cell stack that include operating the stack at conditions that provide excess water that flushes away contaminants deposited on the cell electrodes. Two techniques are described that both operate the stack at a relatively low temperature and a cathode inlet RH above saturation. The first technique also includes providing hydrogen to the anode side of the stack and air to the cathode side of the stack, and operating the stack at a relatively low cell voltage. The second technique also includes flowing hydrogen to the anode side of the stack and nitrogen to the cathode side of the stack, using an external power source to provide a stack current density, and providing an anode humidity level that is significantly higher than the cathode humidity level.08-11-2011
20130078542FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A control device of a fuel cell system sets a required output of a fuel cell stack that is required according to a present power demand and predicts the required output and the current according to the temperature of the fuel cell stack from a predetermined output state map that is preset. The control device sets an operation state quantity according to the predicted current and the temperature of the fuel cell stack from a predetermined operation state quantity map that is preset. The control device includes at least one of a pressure at an air supply port of air that is supplied to the cathode electrode of the fuel cell stack, a utilization rate of the air at the cathode electrode, a flow rate of a cooling medium that cools the fuel cell stack, and humidity of the air at the air supply port as the operation state quantity.03-28-2013
20130034782Fuel Cell System and Method of Operating the fuel Cell System - A method of operating a fuel cell system includes the steps of temporarily supplying a raw fuel to an electrode surface of an anode at the time of starting operation of the fuel cell system, supplying water vapor to the electrode surface of the anode at least based on any of the temperature of a fuel cell stack and the temperature of an evaporator after stopping the supply of the raw fuel, and supplying a fuel gas to the electrode surface of the anode by supplying the raw fuel and the water to the evaporator at least based on any of detection results of the pressure of the water supplied to the evaporator, the flow rate of the water supplied to the evaporator), the pressure of the water vapor discharged from the evaporator, and the flow rate of the water vapor discharged from the evaporator.02-07-2013
20120164547CPOX Reactor Design for Liquid Fuel and Liquid Water - A method of operating a fuel cell system includes flowing a liquid fuel and optionally liquid water in sufficient proximity to a CPOX reactor such that heat from the CPOX reactor is used to vaporize the liquid fuel and optionally the liquid water. The fuel is then provided from the CPOX reactor to a fuel cell stack.06-28-2012
20110003215FUEL CELL SYSTEM - There is disclosed a fuel cell system capable of drying a fuel cell in a short time after a system stop instruction is issued. The fuel cell system includes a controller to control the execution of a normal operation and a dry operation which decreases the water content of the fuel cell as compared with the normal operation. The controller executes the dry operation prior to the system stop instruction so that the water content of the fuel cell is decreased as compared with the normal operation at a time of the system stop instruction. The controller may execute the dry operation before the system stop instruction in a case where it is predicted that the temperature of the fuel cell at the system stop or the next system start is a predetermined low temperature.01-06-2011
20130059215FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR - A fuel cell system and a control method therefor are provided. The fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell formed of a plurality of stacked power generating elements; a cell voltage measuring unit detecting negative voltage in any one of the power generating elements; a control unit controlling electric power output from the fuel cell; and an accumulated current value measuring unit measuring an accumulated current value obtained by time integration of current output from the fuel cell. The control unit prestores a correlation between accumulated current values and current densities that are allowable for the fuel cell in a period during which negative voltage is generated. When negative voltage has been detected, the control unit executes output restricting process of restricting electric power output from the fuel cell so as to fall within an operation allowable range defined by the accumulated current values and current densities of the correlation.03-07-2013
20130065140MEMBRANE HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL - Disclosed is a membrane humidifier for a fuel cell, which uniformly humidifies entire hollow fiber membranes from an outer side to a central portion of an interior of the membrane humidifier to improve the distribution of wet air and dry air, thereby improving a humidification performance. The membrane humidifier for the fuel cell includes a hollow upper case including first wet air inlet apertures and first wet air outlet apertures and a membrane module assembly including a plurality of unit membrane modules received lengthwise within the upper case along the flow direction of dry air.03-14-2013
20120196195SOFC Hot Box Components - Various hot box fuel cell system components are provided, such as heat exchangers, steam generator and other components.08-02-2012
20130164640OPERATION METHOD OF POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL SYSTEM - An operation method of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell system including an anode (06-27-2013
20120115054WATER REACTIVE HYDROGEN FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEM - A water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes devices and methods to combine reactant fuel materials and aqueous solutions to generate hydrogen. The generated hydrogen is converted in a fuel cell to provide electricity. The water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes a fuel cell, a water feed tray, and a fuel cartridge to generate power for portable power electronics. The removable fuel cartridge is encompassed by the water feed tray and fuel cell. The water feed tray is refillable with water by a user. The water is then transferred from the water feed tray into the fuel cartridge to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell which then produces power for the user.05-10-2012
20120237840POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - Included are: a power generation unit configured to generate electric power by consuming a raw material gas that has passed through a gas meter, the gas meter being configured to, if a state where continuously stopping a flow of the raw material gas for a reset period or longer is not performed has continued for a first upper limit period or longer, exert at least one of a function of outputting an abnormality indication signal and a function of blocking the flow of the raw material gas; a raw material gas supply device configured to supply the raw material gas to the power generation unit; and a controller. The controller is configured to: perform a raw material gas supply operation of supplying the raw material gas from the raw material gas supply device to the power generation unit in a case of performing normal stopping of a power generation operation; and stop the power generation operation, and stop the raw material gas supply operation until at least the reset period elapses, in a case where gas supply abnormality in which said state continues for a second upper limit period or longer has occurred, the second upper limit period being shorter than the first upper limit period.09-20-2012
20120237839REFORMING APPARATUS FOR FUEL CELL - In a reforming apparatus, for use in a fuel cell, for reforming a raw fuel into a hydrogen-rich reformed gas, a reformer generates the reformed gas from the raw fuel. A shift reactor reduces carbon monoxide contained in the reformed gas through a shift reaction. A selective oxidation unit reduces the carbon monoxide contained in the reformed gas that has passed through the shift reactor by performing selective oxidation on the carbon monoxide. A reforming reaction tube houses linearly the reformer, the shift reactor and the selective oxidation unit in this order.09-20-2012
20110300458FUEL CELL ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A FUEL CELL ASSEMBLY - A fuel cell assembly includes a fuel cell configuration having a solid electrolyte-based fuel cell with terminal contacts tapping an electrical voltage from the fuel cell configuration between which the fuel cell is disposed. An assembly has an electrically conductive component and another component disposed between a first terminal contact and the electrically conductive component on the side of the first terminal contact away from the fuel cell and has a lower electrical conductivity than that thereof. A supply duct transports a fluid medium connecting the first terminal contact to the electrically conductive component through the other component. The electrically conductive component is connected to the first terminal contact and/or a voltage supply adjusting an electrical potential on the electrically conductive component to an electrical potential on the first terminal contact. There is a maximum potential difference of 3 volts between the electrically conductive component and the first terminal contact.12-08-2011
20110294024Device for Providing a Carrier Gas Containing a Fuel, and Fuel Cell Comprising Such a Device - The present invention relates to a humidification unit for providing a carrier gas containing a fuel for supplying a fuel cell. This comprises a humidification chamber, which is designed for the storage of a liquid containing fuel, an inlet leading into the humidification chamber feed a liquid containing fuel, a further inlet leading into the humidification chamber to feed a carrier gas, in such a way that the carrier gas in the humidification chamber is in contact with the liquid, an outlet for the release of the carrier gas containing gaseous fuel, wherein a control unit is provided to keep the liquid containing fuel in the humidification chamber at a temperature below its boiling point.12-01-2011
20120270121HYDROGEN GENERATION DEVICE AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A hydrogen generation apparatus 10-25-2012
20110200895METHOD TO AUTOMATICALLY ENABLE/DISABLE STACK RECONDITIONING PROCEDURE BASED ON FUEL CELL STACK PARAMETER ESTIMATION - A system and method for determining when to trigger reconditioning of a fuel cell stack and when to disable the reconditioning of the fuel cell stack. In one embodiment, the stack reconditioning is triggered when a maximum stack power estimation falls below a first predetermined power threshold. The reconditioning of the stack can be disabled so it is not performed when the trigger occurs if the reconditioning process does not raise the maximum power estimation above a second predetermined power threshold or the time from one reconditioning trigger to a next reconditioning trigger is less than a predetermined time threshold, or both.08-18-2011
20110207004POROUS FLOW FIELD PLATE FOR MOISTURE DISTRIBUTION CONTROL IN A FUEL CELL - A flow field plate for use in a fuel cell includes a porous, wettable plate body including a first reactant gas channel having an inlet portion, a second reactant gas channel having an outlet portion that is adjacent the inlet portion of the first reactant gas channel, and at least one moisture reservoir fluidly connected with pores of the porous, wettable plate body. The at least one moisture reservoir can selectively collect and release moisture received from a reactant gas in the outlet portion to thereby selectively move the moisture from the outlet portion toward the adjacent inlet portion.08-25-2011
20100136440FUEL CELL APPARATUS AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The present invention reduces deterioration in the output of a fuel cell caused by a high moisture concentration at an oxidant electrode. A control apparatus for a fuel cell comprising an electrolyte membrane, an oxidant electrode provided on one side of the electrolyte membrane, and a fuel electrode provided on the other side of the electrolyte membrane, in which electric power is generated from an oxidant gas supplied to the oxidant electrode and a fuel gas supplied to the fuel electrode, wherein when the current-voltage characteristics of the fuel cell fall below a predetermined reference level, and the electrolyte membrane has not dried beyond a predetermined reference level, the control apparatus executes a control operation that increases the gas pressure at the oxidant electrode.06-03-2010
20110269035FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention includes a fuel cell (11-03-2011
20110143231INTEGRATED PIPING MODULE IN FUEL CELL SYSTEM - An integrated piping module to connect a fuel cell and a fuel processor, the integrated piping module including: tanks to collect heat emitted from a reformate gas generated by the fuel processor, heat emitted from air discharged from the fuel cell, and water condensed from the reformate gas and/or the discharged air; pipes to heat and cool the reformate gas, and to remove the water from the tanks.06-16-2011
20100304233FUEL CELL ASSEMBLY - A fuel cell assembly for using hydrogen gas and oxygen to produce electrical energy. The cathode of the fuel cell produces water vapor to define a flow of moist air including water vapor. A dehumidifier receives the flow of moist air including water vapor to produce purified liquid water and a flow of dehumidified air. The dehumidifier has an air inlet having a first cross-sectional area and an air outlet having a larger second cross-sectional area. The diffuser cavity of the dehumidifier progressively increases in size from the air inlet to the air outlet for depressurizing and cooling the flow of moist air including water vapor below the dew point of the moist air including water vapor to condense the water vapor on the housing of the dehumidifier.12-02-2010
20100255390FUEL CELL SYSTEM OPERATION METHOD - A method of operating fuel cell system includes generating electricity by a fuel cell using fuel gas and oxidizing gas and allowing cooling water to flow in the fuel cell and thereby cooling the fuel cell. The method includes transferring moisture from exhaust gas to supply gas using a first humidifier, the exhaust gas being discharged from the fuel cell, the supply gas being supplied to the fuel cell, and transferring moisture from the cooling water to the supply gas humidified using a second humidifier. The method includes at least one of detecting humidity of the supply gas humidified, detecting temperature of the cooking water, detecting the flow rate of the supply gas and detecting the amount of electricity generated by the fuel cell. The method also includes controlling the humidity of the supply gas humidified based on the value detected.10-07-2010
20100216040HUMIDIFIER AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A humidifier (08-26-2010
20100216039FUEL HUMIDIFIER ASSEMBLY FOR USE IN HIGH TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS - A humidifier assembly for humidifying fuel for use in a fuel cell system, comprising a water heater adapted to receive recycled water and to generate heated water using cathode exhaust, and a fuel saturator adapted to receive deaerated cleansed water, at least a portion of the deaerated cleansed water comprising the heated water, and fuel and to humidify the fuel with a first portion of the deaerated cleansed water, the fuel saturator tower outputting humidified fuel for use in the fuel cell system and a second portion of the deaerated cleansed water for use as recycled water in the water heater.08-26-2010
20100239922FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME - A fuel cell system and a method for driving the fuel cell system are disclosed. In one aspect, the fuel cell system may include a fuel stack, a fuel supply unit, an oxidizer supply unit, a humidifying unit, and a controller configured to measure the temperature of unit cells within the fuel cell stack and configured to detect the lowest measured temperature. The fuel cell stack may include a membrane electrode assembly and a plurality of unit cells. The membrane electrode assembly may include a membrane, a cathode disposed at a first side of the membrane and an anode disposed at a second side of the membrane. In another aspect, a method of driving a fuel cell system may include sequentially supplying a humidified fuel and an oxidizer to a fuel cell stack, measuring the temperature of each of a plurality of unit cells in the fuel cell stack, detecting to detect a unit cell having the lowest temperature among the measured temperature of each of the plurality of unit cells and decreasing humidification temperature of the fuel to be lower than the lowest temperature.09-23-2010
20100255388Fuel Cell System and Method of Operating a Fuel Cell System - In a fuel cell system a specific connection and a valve arrangement make it possible for a compressor to supply precompressed air to a fuel cell stack via a waste gas line, said air then leaving the fuel cell stack via a line which is otherwise an air feed line. In this way, a humidifier may be bypassed. This is sensible in particular during a start phase at low ambient temperatures, during which the fuel cell system is intended to warm up without moisture in the fuel cell stack having a negative effect, for instance by freezing. The compressor may be operated both in the start phase or stop phase and during conventional operation by the same mode of operation.10-07-2010
20110129741FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND FUEL CELL AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE - A fuel cell system that is compact and has stabilized performance is provided. The fuel cell system includes two fuel cell stacks or a first fuel cell stack (06-02-2011
20100304234METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AMOUNT OF AIR SUPPLIED TO FUEL CELL - The present invention provides a method for controlling the amount of air supplied to a fuel cell, which can prevent flooding and membrane dry-out in a fuel cell stack and, at the same time, ensure optimal performance of the fuel cell stack and a humidifier by supplying an optimal amount of air to the fuel cell stack at each operation condition.12-02-2010
20130137003FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system is provided with a fuel cell, a gas supply passage which supplies a reaction gas to the fuel cell, a humidifier which humidifies the reaction gas, a first gas discharge passage which leads from a first gas discharge outlet of the fuel cell through the humidifier to the outside, and a second gas discharge flow passage which leads from a second gas discharge outlet of the fuel cell to the outside. A flow rate control mechanism which controls the flow rate of discharge gas is provided in at least one of the first gas discharge passage and the second gas discharge passage. The configuration reduces the distance between the fuel cell and the humidifier to obtain a compact system structure.05-30-2013
20110008689SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HUMIDIFYING A MASTER FUEL CELL STACK WITH A SLAVE FUEL CELL STACK - A system and method for humidifying a fuel cell stack system is provided. The system includes a slave stack, a master stack and at least one valve. The slave stack generates power to drive a load in response to at least one fluid stream and discharges at least one recirculated fluid stream having water content therein. The master stack receives the at least recirculated fluid stream to humidify the master stack with the water content. The valve delivers the at least one recirculated fluid stream from the slave stack to the master stack based on a power request amount by the load.01-13-2011
20110111311SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - An object of the present invention is to provide a fuel cell which prevents an unreformed fuel gas from being supplied to a fuel electrode at start-up without requiring a storage chamber for hydrogen gas and the like. In order to achieve this object, the fuel cell includes: a fuel cell stack (05-12-2011
20110244342FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack, a fuel supply supplying a fuel to the fuel cell stack, and an oxidizing agent supply supplying an oxidizing agent to the fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stack includes a first end plate, a moisture exchanger, an electrical generator, and a second end plate. The moisture exchanger includes a first area where a dried supply oxidizing agent flows, a second area where a humid emission fuel flows, and a third area where a humid emission oxidizing agent flows, and the first area exchanges moisture with the second and third areas using a moisture exchange layer.10-06-2011
20110129740MEMBRANE HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL - In preferred aspect, the present invention features a membrane humidifier for a fuel cell which can control the amount of air flow and the amount of humidification based on the amount of water produced in a fuel cell stack according to a power level of the fuel cell stack while humidifying dry air and supplying humidified air to the fuel cell stack.06-02-2011
20100190068FUEL CELL STACK - An end plate of a fuel cell stack is directly fixed to a humidifier. A resin pipe is attached to an oxygen-containing gas outlet of an end plate through a resin coupling pipe. The resin pipe includes one end having a large diameter and the other end having a small diameter. The other end is provided at an off gas supply channel of the humidifier. The off gas supply channel includes an inclined channel. The other end extends up to an end of the inclined channel where inclination of the inclined channel is started. An off gas ejection port is formed at the other end. The off gas ejection port is opened to the end of the inclined channel where inclination is started. Condensed water returned along the inclined channel flows from the off gas ejection port into the resin pipe.07-29-2010
20110076573Solid Oxide Type Fuel Cell and Operating Method Thereof - It is possible to rapidly start a fuel cell and perform temperature increase operation and temperature decrease operation at start/stop without providing a separate purge gas supply system. The solid oxide type fuel cell includes a reformer (03-31-2011
20100261073Solid oxide fuel cell - A solid oxide fuel cell includes a core with an anode inlet, an anode outlet, a cathode inlet and a cathode outlet. A first heater is connected to the anode inlet of the core. A second heater is connected to the cathode inlet of the core. A reformer is connected to the first heater. A heat exchanger is connected to the second heater. A burner is connected to the reformer and the anode and cathode outlets of the core. A humidifier is connected to the reformer. A first gas supply is connected to the humidifier. A second gas supply is connected to the reformer. A third gas supply is connected to the burner. A fourth gas supply is connected to the heat exchanger.10-14-2010
20110053013Method for Operating a Fuel Cell System with a Recirculation Blower Arranged in a Fuel Circuit Thereof - In a method for operating a fuel cell system having recirculation blower arranged in a fuel cell circuit, fuel discharged from the anode exhaust is fed back to the inlet side of the fuel cell system via the recirculation blower. The direction of flow in the fuel return line is reversed in at least a portion of the return line, in an alternating manner.03-03-2011
20110053012FUEL CELL SYSTEM WITH IMPROVED HUMIDIFICATION PERFORMANCE - The present invention provides a fuel cell system, which reduces the temperature of exhaust gas discharged from a fuel cell stack to a humidifier to increase the humidity thereof when the fuel cell stack operates at high temperature and high power, and thus improves the humidification performance for air as an oxidant in the humidifier and improves the performance of the fuel cell stack.03-03-2011
20110053007PERFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE BASED WATER VAPOR TRANSFER MEMBRANES - A membrane humidifier assembly includes a first flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a first gas thereto and a second flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a second gas thereto. A polymeric membrane is disposed between the first and second flow fields and adapted to permit transfer of water from the first flow field plate to the second flow field plate. The polymeric membrane includes a polymer having perfluorocyclobutyl groups.03-03-2011
20110053011PEM FUEL CELL STACK INLET WATER REGULATION SYSTEM - A fuel cell stack assembly is disclosed that includes a porous member disposed within a flow path for a reactant. A fluid collection member is provided within the flow path adjacent to and in fluid communication with the porous member. The porous member and the fluid collection member cooperate to collect liquid water from the reactant flowing in the flow path, wherein the collected liquid water may be drained from the fluid collection member.03-03-2011
20110053010PERFLUOROCYCLOBUTANE BASED WATER VAPOR TRANSFER MEMBRANES WITH SIDE CHAIN PERFLUOROSULFONIC ACID MOIETIES - A membrane humidifier assembly includes a first flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a first gas thereto and a second flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a second gas thereto. A polymeric membrane is disposed between the first and second flow fields and adapted to permit transfer of water from the first flow field plate to the second flow field plate. The polymeric membrane includes a polymer having perfluorocyclobutyl groups and a pendant side chain having a protogenic group.03-03-2011
20110053009CUSTOMIZED WATER VAPOR TRANSFER MEMBRANE LAYERED STRUCTURE - A membrane humidifier assembly includes a first flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a first gas thereto and a second flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a second gas thereto. A polymeric membrane is disposed between the first and second flow fields. The polymeric membrane is adapted to permit transfer of water between the first flow field plate and the second flow field plate. The polymeric membrane includes a polymeric substrate and a polymer layer disposed on the polymeric substrate. The polymer layer characteristically includes a first polymer having fluorinated cyclobutyl groups disposed on the polymeric substrate.03-03-2011
20110053008WATER VAPOR TRANSFER MEMBRANE AND PAPER INTEGRATED ASSEMBLY - A membrane humidifier assembly includes a first flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a first gas thereto and a second flow field plate adapted to facilitate flow of a second gas thereto. A polymeric membrane is disposed between the first and second flow fields. The polymeric membrane is adapted to permit transfer of water between the first flow field plate and the second flow field plate. The polymeric membrane includes a polymeric substrate and a polymer layer disposed on the polymeric substrate. The polymer layer characteristically includes a first polymer having fluorinated cyclobutyl groups disposed on the polymeric substrate.03-03-2011
20110027668HYDROGEN GENERATION FROM CHEMICAL HYDRIDES - A fuel source for a hydrogen generator is described. The fuel source includes a chemical hydride, at least one catalyst precursor and a hygroscopic salt. When one or more of the at least one catalyst precursor and hygroscopic salt contact water, a catalyst is formed for facilitating the generation of hydrogen from the chemical hydride.02-03-2011
20110027669SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HYDRATING A PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL - A fuel cell hydration system comprising a first reservoir is provided. The first reservoir is positioned between a cathode supply and a fuel cell stack. The first reservoir includes corrugated regions positioned axially along the first reservoir to accumulate water discharged from a first fluid stream. The first fluid stream absorbs the accumulated water when an amount of water within the first fluid stream is below a water level to hydrate the fuel cell stack.02-03-2011
20100323251HUMIDIFICATION CELL - A humidification cell of a fuel cell apparatus includes a first outer plate and a second outer plate. A gas chamber, a humidification chamber and a water-permeable membrane separating the two chambers, are disposed between the first outer plate and the second outer plate, starting from the first outer plate. A first water-permeable support element that prevents fibers from detaching and also prevents medium flows from blocking narrow gas outlets, is disposed between the first outer plate and the membrane in such a way that the first support element is made of a filter material.12-23-2010
20100330440METHOD OF OPERATING FUEL CELL WITH HIGH POWER AND HIGH POWER FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell is operated with high power such that which a humidified gas and a dry gas are selectively supplied as oxidant to a cathode of the fuel cell. This method includes (S1) supplying a humidified gas while a power is constantly maintained or until the power begins to decrease; (S2) after supplying the humidified gas, supplying a dry gas to obtain a greater power than an average power of the step (S1); and (S3) after obtaining a predetermined power in the step (S2), repeatedly supplying a humidified gas in case the power decreases and supplying a dry gas in case the power decreases again afterwards, thereby increasing the power such that the predetermined power is maintained. This method provides an optimal operating condition to a fuel cell, thereby ensuring a high power.12-30-2010
20120308904FUEL CELL SYSTEM HAVING A FLUID FLOW DISTRIBUTION FEATURE - A fuel cell system includes a water vapor transfer unit and a fluid flow distribution feature, the water vapor transfer unit including a first plate having a plurality of first flow channels for receiving a flow of a first fluid therein, and a second plate having a plurality of second flow channels for receiving a flow of a second fluid therein. The fluid flow distribution feature is configured to control at least one of a volume of flow of the first fluid through the first flow channels and a volume of flow of the second fluid through the second flow channels, wherein at least one of a flow distribution of the first fluid across the first plate and a flow distribution of the second fluid across the second plate is varied.12-06-2012
20110305960FUEL CELL STACK - A fuel cell stack configured to alleviate pressure and decrease the flow rate of at least one of a fuel and an oxidant is disclosed. The fuel cell stack includes a membrane-electrode assembly, an anode separator, a cathode separator and a filing member. The membrane-electrode assembly may include an electrolyte membrane, an anode formed on a first surface of the electrolyte membrane, and a cathode formed on a second surface of the electrolyte membrane. The anode separator may include a fuel channel, a fuel inlet manifold in fluid communication with the fuel channel, and a fuel outlet manifold in fluid communication with the fuel channel. The cathode separator may include an oxidant channel, an oxidant inlet manifold in fluid communication with the oxidant channel, and an oxidant outlet manifold in fluid communication with the oxidant channel. The filling member may be positioned within at least one of the fuel inlet manifold and the oxidant inlet manifold.12-15-2011
20120003550STEAM GENERATOR FOR FUEL CELL WITH DUAL USE FOR HEATING FUEL ELECTRODE GAS - The steam generator for a fuel cell with dual use for heating fuel electrode gas according to the invention is configured as a single unit comprising a steam generator (01-05-2012
20120015261FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND STACK THEREOF - A fuel cell system having improved driving performance is disclosed. The fuel cell system includes a stack, which may include a membrane electrode assembly, a separator and end plates provided on the both sides of the stacked membrane electrode assembly and the separator. The membrane electrode assembly may include an anode electrode, a cathode electrode, and an electrolyte membrane. The separator may be positioned with respect to the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, respectively. The end plate may include an oxidant inlet configured to supply oxidant to the cathode electrode, an unreacted oxidant outlet configured to output the unreacted oxidant from the cathode electrode, and a absorption member in fluid communication between the oxidant inlet and the unreacted oxidant outlet.01-19-2012
20100151337HUMIDIFIER AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - This specification discloses a humidifier that attains the inhibition of the damaging of a steam permeable membrane at low temperatures, and a fuel cell system. The humidifier has a steam permeable membrane therein. In the humidifier, an oxidizing gas and an oxidizing off gas with a humidity higher than that of the oxidizing gas are introduced, and the oxidizing gas is humidified by the oxidizing off gas via the steam permeable membrane. The steam permeable membrane is located at a position lower than an inlet for the oxidizing gas but higher than an outlet therefor. Further, the steam permeable membrane is located at a position lower than an inlet for the oxidizing off gas but higher than an outlet therefor.06-17-2010
20120115053FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system configured to prevent fuel cell freezing is disclosed. The fuel cell system includes a fuel cell, a reformer in fluid communication with the fuel cell, the reformer including a reactor and a heat feeding unit. A moisture supplying pipe is in fluid communication with the reformer and a reformer exhausting pipe is in fluid communication with the reformer. The reformer exhaust pipe is in fluid communication with the moisture supplying pipe and configured to pass high temperature gas discharged from the reformer exhaust pipe to the moisture supplying pipe. The fuel cell system may remove moisture in the fuel cell and may also prevent the moisture from freezing by using thermal energy generated during operation of the heat feeding unit.05-10-2012
20110165478Humidifier Device for Humidifying a Fluid in a Fuel Cell System - A humidifier device for humidifying a fluid in a fuel cell system of a motor vehicle is provided. The humidifier device has a housing, in which is arranged at least one membrane, and a bypass channel for bypassing the at least one membrane. The bypass channel has a non-circular cross-section.07-07-2011
20120058404FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The moisture state of a fuel cell is determined without causing any variation in the supply state of the reactant gas to be supplied to the fuel cell. An output current control section [[71]] temporarily performs a current sweep while maintaining the amount of oxidant gas to be supplied to the fuel cell. A resistance component calculation section [[7203-08-2012
20120070752METHOD FOR FORMING CHANNELS ON DIFFUSION MEDIA FOR A MEMBRANE HUMIDIFIER - A membrane humidifier assembly for a membrane humidifier for a fuel cell system and a method for making the same is disclosed, the method comprising the steps of providing a material for forming a diffusion medium; forming a plurality of channels in the material with one of a channel-forming roller, a means for etching the material, and a press for forming the diffusion medium; and providing a pair of membranes, wherein the diffusion medium is disposed between the pair of membranes.03-22-2012
20110091779PEM FUEL CELL STACK INLET WATER REGULATION SYSTEM - A fuel cell assembly is provided that includes a fluid collection member disposed in a fluid inlet for a reactant, wherein the fluid collection member militates against liquid water on an inner surface of the fluid inlet from being received by a fuel cell of the fuel cell assembly.04-21-2011
20110091781AUTOMATED PROCEDURE FOR EXECUTING IN-SITU FUEL CELL STACK RECONDITIONING - A method for reconditioning a fuel cell stack. The method includes determining whether fuel cell stack reconditioning is desired based on predetermined reconditioning triggers, determining if predetermined system constraints are met that will allow reconditioning of the fuel cell stack to occur, and determining whether previous reconditioning processes have been attempted, and if so, whether predetermine reconditioning limits have been exceeded during those attempts. The reconditioning process is initiated if one or more of the reconditioning triggers has occurred, the predetermined system constraints are met and the predetermined reconditioning limits have not been exceeded. The reconditioning process increases the humidification level of a cathode side of the fuel cell stack over the humidity level of the cathode side during normal operating conditions and waiting for cell membranes in the fuel cell stack to saturate after the humidification level of the cathode has increased.04-21-2011
20110091780IN-SITU FUEL CELL STACK RECONDITIONING - A method for reconditioning a fuel cell stack. The method includes periodically increasing the relative humidity level of the cathode input airflow to the stack to saturate the cell membrane electrode assemblies to be greater than the relative humidity levels during normal stack operating conditions. The method also includes providing hydrogen to the anode side of the fuel cell stack at system shut down while the membrane electrode assemblies are saturated without stack loads being applied so that the hydrogen crosses the cell membranes to the cathode side and reacts with oxygen to reduce stack contaminants.04-21-2011
20100255389FUEL CELL - A fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly includes a fuel electrode, an air electrode and an electrolyte membrane interposed between the fuel electrode and the air electrode, a fuel supply mechanism disposed on the air electrode side of the membrane electrode assembly to supply fuel to the fuel electrode, and a humidification layer disposed on the air electrode side of the membrane electrode assembly to be impregnated with water produced in the air electrode. The humidification layer include a first humidification section disposed opposite to a high-temperature area of an air electrode and a second humidification section disposed opposite to a low-temperature area of the air electrode when generating electricity. The second humidification section is so configured that water vapor is released into air therefrom more easily than from the first humidification section in the membrane electrode assembly.10-07-2010
20100248044ON BOARD GENERATION OF N2 FOR FUEL CELLS USING A MEMBRANE - A PEMFC is operated in an operation mode in which a membrane-based humidifier is used to transfer moisture from a moisture-laden exhaust stream to the dry air feed and in a shutdown mode in which the membrane-based humidifier is used to permeate moisture and oxygen from the moisture-laden exhaust stream to provide a N09-30-2010
20100248045FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME - A fuel cell system of the present invention includes: a fuel cell (09-30-2010
20120171584Hot Box Design with a Multi-Stream Heat Exchanger and Single Air Control - A fuel cell stack module includes a plurality of fuel cell stacks, an anode tail gas oxidizer (ATO) which is located in a heat transfer relationship with the plurality of fuel cell stacks, a base supporting the plurality of fuel cell stacks and the ATO, and at least one heat exchanger located in the base. An ATO exhaust stream and an anode exhaust stream from the fuel cell stacks heat the stack fuel and air inlet streams in a multi-stream heat exchanger.07-05-2012
20120171583GAS PHASE ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE - Methods and systems for gas phase electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide are disclosed. A method for gas phase electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide may include, but is not limited to, steps (A) to (C). Step (A) may include introducing a substantially gas phase fuel to an anode flow field of an anode of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. Said anode may be a gas diffusion electrode. Step (B) may include introducing a substantially gas phase carbon dioxide to a cathode flow field of a cathode of said PEM fuel cell. Said cathode may be a chemically modified gas diffusion electrode including a coating of a polymer aromatic amine. Step (C) may include reducing at least a portion of said substantially gas phase carbon dioxide to a product mixture at said cathode.07-05-2012
20120077097FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND OPERATION METHOD THEREFOR - A fuel cell system of the present invention includes: a fuel cell apparatus; an exhaust gas passage through which an exhaust gas from the fuel cell apparatus is discharged; and a water tank configured to store water present within the exhaust gas. The water tank includes a first reservoir, a second reservoir, and a communication part which is configured to allow the first reservoir and the second reservoir to communicate with each other at a lower part of the water tank. The second reservoir of the water tank is provided with a drain outlet which is disposed above the communication part. The exhaust gas passage is connected to the first reservoir of the water tank. The exhaust gas passage is configured such that: in cases where a flow of the exhaust gas within the exhaust gas passage is not blocked at any position downstream from the water tank, the exhaust gas is discharged to the atmosphere from the exhaust gas passage; and in cases where the flow of the exhaust gas within the exhaust gas passage is blocked at a position downstream from the water tank, the exhaust gas is discharged to the atmosphere through the drain outlet of the water tank.03-29-2012
20120077096FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND PROCESSES - A fuel cell system comprises an oxygen removing device having an inlet fluidly connected to at least one of the reactant gas source and an outlet of the cathode gas flow field, and an outlet fluidly connected to each of an anode control valve and a cathode control valve. Various fuel cell operation processes are also disclosed.03-29-2012
20120251904FUEL CELL MODULE - A fuel cell module includes: in a casing, a fuel cell stack that is formed by stacking a plurality of unit cells; and an oxidant gas distributing member that is disposed at a side surface, that extends in a stack direction, of the fuel cell stack, that extends in a direction from one end to another end of each of the unit cells, and that supplies the oxidant gas along the oxidant gas distributing member from the one end to the another end to supply the oxidant gas to the another end of each unit cell. The oxidant gas distributing member includes a heat exchange restraint portion that restrains heat exchange between the unit cells and the oxidant gas in at least one of end portions of the fuel cell stack in the stack direction, in comparison with the heat exchange thereof in other portion in the fuel cell stack.10-04-2012
20120251902FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CORRESPONDING OPERATING PROCESS - A fuel cell system (10-04-2012
20120251900FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system is equipped with an expander which is driven by an off-gas exhausted from an oxidant eject path, and which transmits motive power to a compressor, a bypass route in the oxidant eject path which bypasses a humidifier, a flow control valve which changes an opening degree of the bypass route, a voltage sensor which detects an output voltage of the fuel cell stack, a current sensor which detects an output current of the fuel cell stack, and a bypass controlling member which changes a bypass ratio which is a ratio of a magnitude of a flow rate of the off-gas circulating the bypass route with respect to an overall flow rate of the off-gas ejected from the fuel cell stack to the oxidant eject path by the flow control valve according to the output power of the fuel cell stack.10-04-2012
20100248046METHOD OF CREATING PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION MODEL, METHOD OF PREDICTING DEGRADATION OF FUEL CELL CATALYST USING THE METHOD OF CREATING PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION MODEL, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING FUEL CELL USING THE METHOD OF PREDICTING DEGRADATION OF FUEL CELL CATALYST - A particle size distribution creating method includes a particle size range determining step, an integrating step of integrating the frequency of appearance of particles within the particle size range determined in the particle size range determining step, a division point determining step of determining particle sizes that provide division points, using the integral of the frequency of appearance obtained in the integrating step, and a typical point determining step of determining the minimum particle size, maximum particle size and the particle sizes of the division points as typical points. This method is characterized by assuming a particle size distribution which contains particles having the particle sizes of the respective typical points and is plotted such that the frequency of appearance of the particles having the particle size of each of the typical points is equal to the integral over each of the regions defined by the typical points, and obtaining the assumed particle size distribution as a particle size distribution model.09-30-2010
20120315556FUEL CELL REACTANT INLET HUMIDIFICATION - In a proton exchange membrane fuel cell power plant (12-13-2012
20120082910Carbon-based fuel cell system - An energy generation system includes a carbon reformer, an enthalpy wheel, and an electrochemical cell. The system allows production of electrical power using a variety of carbon-based fuels through a carbon monoxide intermediate and a means to isolate the carbon monoxide from waste products prior to injection into the fuel cell. The fuel cell oxidizes carbon monoxide and reduces oxygen spontaneously to develop electric current.04-05-2012
20120258375FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STOPPING POWER GENERATION IN FUEL CELL SYSTEM - An oxygen-containing gas supply device of a fuel cell system is equipped with an oxygen-containing gas supply flow passage that communicates with an oxygen-containing gas inlet of a fuel cell. An oxygen-containing gas discharge flow passage communicates with an oxygen-containing gas outlet of the fuel cell. A compressor is disposed in the oxygen-containing gas supply flow passage and a supply flow passage sealing valve is disposed downstream from the compressor in the oxygen-containing gas supply flow passage. A discharge flow passage sealing valve is disposed in the oxygen-containing gas discharge flow passage, and a discharge fluid circulation flow passage that communicates with the oxygen-containing gas discharge flow passage is disposed at a location upstream from the discharge flow passage sealing valve, while also communicating with the oxygen-containing gas supply flow passage at a location upstream from the compressor.10-11-2012
20120189924METHOD OF OPERATING POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell includes a cathode, an anode, and an electrolyte membrane sandwiched between the cathode and the anode. A plurality of projections each having a height of 5 to 15 μm or a plurality of depressions each having a depth of 5 to 15 μm are formed on a surface of the electrolyte membrane, the surface being opposed to the cathode. The cathode is constituted by a catalyst layer formed to tightly contact the surface of the electrolyte membrane and having a maximum thickness that is one to three times the height of the projection or the depth of the depression. An oxygen-containing gas having a relative humidity of 10% or less is supplied to the cathode, and electric power is generated by using the polymer electrolyte fuel cell.07-26-2012
20110003216FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The fuel cell according to the present invention includes a membrane electrode assembly, two diffusion layers, an oxygen supplying layer, a water-absorbing layer, and a current collector. An end portion of the water-absorbing layer is located on a plane including an opening portion or on the fuel cell-side with respect to the plane. A length from one end portion to the other end portion of a part of the oxygen supplying layer which contacts the water-absorbing layer in a cross section of the fuel cell taken along a surface which includes the water-absorbing layer and which is perpendicular to the plane is shorter than a length from one end portion to the other end portion of the water-absorbing layer including a part of the water-absorbing layer which contacts the oxygen supplying layer in the cross section.01-06-2011
20120264026WET SIDE PAPER FOR FUEL CELL HUMIDIFIER - A glass fiber-based paper diffusion medium, as well as a membrane humidifier for a fuel cell and method for humidifying a fuel cell using the provided glass fiber-based paper diffusion medium. The diffusion medium is a flexible, resin-bonded glass fiber paper impregnated with 26-55% cured liquid phenolic resin and having a thickness of 100-110 μm and a Gurley permeability of at least 100 cfm.10-18-2012
20110039168RAPID LIGHT-OFF CATALYTIC COMBUSTOR FOR FUEL CELL VEHICLE - A catalytic combustion unit for a fuel cell system is provided. The catalytic combustion unit includes a reactor having a porous medium with a catalyst deposited thereon. The reactor is disposed adjacent a heat exchanger and adapted to receive an air stream and a hydrogen stream. The reactor is further adapted to promote an exothermic reaction and modulate a temperature of a fuel cell stack. A fuel cell system and method employing the catalytic combustion unit are also provided.02-17-2011
20110039167MEMBRANE HUMIDIFIER FOR A FUEL CELL - A membrane humidifier for a fuel cell with a wet side plate having a plurality of flow channels formed therein and a dry side plate having a plurality of flow channels formed therein, the flow channels of the wet side plate adapted to facilitate a flow of a wet gas therethrough and the flow channels of said dry side plate adapted to facilitate a flow of a dry gas therethrough, wherein a pressure drop in the humidifier is minimized and a humidification of a proton exchange membrane in the fuel cell is optimized.02-17-2011
20110045367Fuel Cell Supply System, Fuel Cell System and Method of Operating the Same - A fuel cell supply system 02-24-2011
20110045366FUEL CELL SYSTEM - Disclosed is a fuel cell system comprising a reformer and a fuel cell body to which a fuel gas reformed through the reformer and air are supplied and in which the supplied fuel gas and air are separated from each other and caused to flow and contact on respective electrodes to perform electric power generation. A moisture quantity adjustment device is configured to adjustably separate a portion of moisture included in the fuel gas supplied from the reformer in order for the moisture included in the fuel gas to be supplied to the fuel cell body in an appropriate quantity.02-24-2011
20110045365METHOD FOR REMOVING RESIDUAL WATER FROM FUEL CELL - The present invention provides a method for removing residual water in a fuel cell, which controls the humidity of purge gases to effectively remove residual water in the fuel cell and to maintain the humidity in a membrane at a constant level, thus ensuring the durability of the membrane.02-24-2011
20120270120HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL - Disclosed is a humidifier for fuel cell, which facilitates to maximize humidifying performance and reducing the maintenance cost through the uniform humidification among all the hollow fiber membranes by preventing high-humidity unreacted gas introduced to the inside of membrane housing from flowing concentratedly toward a specific region in the membrane housing, wherein the humidifier comprises a membrane housing; a partition plate for dividing an inner space of the membrane housing into plural unit spaces; plural hollow fiber membranes in each of the unit spaces; and a cover mounted on an end of the membrane housing, the cover including an inlet for introducing unreacted gas of high-humidity discharged from a stack into the membrane housing, wherein plural distribution holes are provided in the membrane housing, the distribution holes corresponding to the unit spaces respectively.10-25-2012
20100203401HUMIDIFICATION SYSTEM USING INJECTOR FOR FUEL CELL STACK - A humidification system using an injector for a fuel cell stack includes: a fuel cell separator including a reaction flow field, and an air inlet port and an air outlet port formed at a front portion and an end portion of the reaction flow field, respectively; a humidification chamber provided at a part of or the whole length of the front portion of the reaction flow field of the separator; and an injector mounted at a starting point of the humidification chamber to inject a mixture of water and air into the humidification chamber. With the system, humidification efficiency can be improved and/or maximized without an increase in the volume of the fuel cell stack.08-12-2010
20100203400HUMIDIFIER MEMBRANE - A passive humidifier membrane includes polyolefin with a plurality of pores, wherein the average pore size of the plurality of pores is 0.05 μm to 0.4 μm as established by a PMI Capillary Flow Porometer. The humidifier membrane is virtually airtight while providing a high transfer rate of water. Transfer of heat is also high. The humidifier membrane is particularly suitable for heat exchange and water transfer between fluids and, it is particularly useful for applications inside or outside fuel cells such as PEMFC. The membrane is also particularly useful in the application as humidifier for air or oxygen.08-12-2010
20120321972WATER MANAGEMENT IN FUEL CELLS - An electrochemical fuel cell having an anode, an ion transfer membrane and a cathode has liquid water delivered to the fluid flow channels within the cathode so as to maintain a relative humidity of 100% throughout the fluid flow channels. A calibration method and apparatus is described for determining an optimum quantity or range of quantities of liquid water to be delivered to the cathode fluid flow channels under varying operating conditions. An operating method and apparatus is described that ensures an optimum quantity of liquid water is delivered to the cathode fluid flow channels under varying operating conditions.12-20-2012
20120276462DRIVE UNIT, LENS MODULE, IMAGE PICKUP UNIT, FUEL CELL, AND ION EXCHANGE RESIN - There are provided a drive unit, a lens module, an image pickup unit, a fuel cell, and an ion exchange resin, in which a characteristic deterioration depending on an ambient environment may be suppressed. The drive unit includes one or more polymer actuator devices. The polymer actuator device is configured using an ion exchange resin containing a moisturizing agent.11-01-2012
20120288773Apparatus for Humidifying a Gas Flow - In a device for humidifying a gas flow, an atomized liquid is combined with a gas flow in a spray chamber, and passed through a generally U-shaped gas flow passage having a first generally vertical part 11-15-2012
20130022884THREE-WAY DIVERTER ASSEMBLY FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A three-way diverter assembly with a movable member is provided. The three-way diverter assembly includes a housing having a first inlet, a second inlet, a first outlet, and a second outlet. The first inlet and the second inlet are adapted to receive a fluid. The movable member, disposed in the housing adjacent the first inlet, is rotatable about an axis from a first positional limit to a second positional limit, and selectively positional therebetween. Fuel cell systems having the three-way diverter assembly for regulating temperature and humidity of a fuel cell stack are also provided.01-24-2013
20130022883APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ACTIVATING FUEL CELL STACK - Disclosed is an apparatus and method for activating a fuel cell stack, which significantly reduces the time required for activation and the amount of hydrogen used for the activation by employing a vacuum wetting process in a shutdown operation. In particular, a high humidity open circuit voltage operation humidifies the fuel cell stack and operates the fuel cell stack at an open circuit voltage, and a vacuum wetting operation wets the surface of a polymer electrolyte membrane by creating a vacuum atmosphere in the fuel cell stack. The high humidity open circuit voltage operation and the vacuum wetting operation are performed alternately and repeatedly.01-24-2013
20120251903SELF-HUMIDIFYING MEMBRANE AND SELF-HUMIDIFYING FUEL CELL - A self-humidifying fuel cell is made by preparing a porous substrate, coating the substrate with a zeolitic material and filling the pores with a proton-conducting material. The coating of the substrate includes selecting a zeolitic material, and applying coating on the pore walls and surface of the porous substrate, to form zeolitic material-coated pores. The resulting composite material is used as a self-humidifying proton-conducting membrane in a fuel cell.10-04-2012
20120251901FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CORRESPONDING OPERATING PROCESS - A fuel cell system (10-04-2012
20130101909Humidifier for a Fuel Cell - A humidifier for a fuel cell has a stacked unit of several water-permeable membranes which are parallel to each other and are arranged spaced apart form each other. On the edges of the membranes, a sealant is applied which closes a flow space between neighboring membranes fluid-tightly and serves as a spacer.04-25-2013
20110217603SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - To provide a solid oxide fuel cell in which the reformer is compact but is capable of supplying an appropriate quantity of fuel. The present invention is a solid oxide fuel cell (09-08-2011
20110274992WATER CONTENT ESTIMATION APPARATUS FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The water content estimation apparatus for a fuel cell includes an estimating unit for estimating a residual water content distribution in a reactant gas flow channel and a moisture content distribution in an electrolyte membrane in a cell plane of a single cell while taking into consideration water transfer that occurs between an anode electrode and a cathode electrode via the electrolyte membrane between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode. The fuel cell system performs control based on an estimation result by the estimating unit so that the fuel cell assumes a predetermined water condition.11-10-2011
20100316916POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A polymer electrolyte fuel cell system of the present invention comprises cells 12-16-2010
20120282533HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL - Disclosed is a humidifier for fuel cell which is capable of realizing high humidifying efficiency owing to the maximum contact area of hollow fiber membranes with reaction gas to be supplied to the fuel cell by enabling the uniform humidifying level in all the hollow fiber membranes provided inside the humidifier. The humidifier comprises a membrane housing including a first end, a second end positioned at an opposite side of the first end, and plural holes provided along the outer circumferential surface of the second end; hollow fiber membranes having both ends respectively potted into the first and second ends of the membrane housing, wherein the hollow fiber membranes are positioned inside the membrane housing; and a cap including an inlet for moisture-containing unreacted gas, wherein the cap is installed at the second end of the membrane housing, and an inner surface of the cap is provided with plural projections enabling to uniformly distribute the moisture-containing unreacted gas supplied through the inlet to the plural holes.11-08-2012
20110311889FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell, a fuel gas passage, and an oxidant gas passage. The fuel cell includes a solid polymer membrane, a fuel electrode, and an oxidant electrode. A coolant flows into the fuel cell via a coolant passage to adjust a temperature of the fuel cell. An oxidant gas outlet temperature detector is configured to detect an outlet temperature of an oxidant gas discharged from an outlet of the oxidant gas passage. A coolant temperature detector is configured to detect a temperature of the coolant passing through an inlet or an outlet of the coolant passage. A dry-up controller is configured to decide that the solid polymer membrane is in a dry-up state when a temperature difference between the temperature of the coolant and the outlet temperature of the oxidant gas exceeds a first threshold value.12-22-2011
20130189595FUEL CELL SYSTEM CAPABLE OF PERFORMING GAS PURGE TO ADJUST AMOUNT OF WATER THEREIN - A fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell having laminated cells; a measuring unit that measures an impedance of the cell and a purging unit that performs purging to discharge residual water from a gas passage. The cell includes a wet region and a dry region which are set depending on a distribution of water in the cell when the purging is executed so as to set a total amount of water in the fuel cell to be a necessary amount of water to start up the fuel cell; the measuring unit measures the impedance at a local portion located at a boundary portion between the wet region and the dry region in the cell; and the purging unit terminates the purging when the impedance measured by the measuring means is larger than a predetermined reference threshold value.07-25-2013
20130189596FUEL CELL SYSTEM, METHOD AND PROGRAM OF DETERMINING CAUSE OF NEGATIVE VOLTAGE, AND STORAGE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell; a voltage measuring portion that measures a voltage of the fuel cell; an electric current adjusting portion that adjusts an electric current flowing in the fuel cell; an electric current-voltage characteristic information obtaining portion that controls the electric current adjusting portion to change the electric current, and obtains electric current-voltage characteristic information that is information indicating a correspondence relation between an electric current value and a voltage value measured by the voltage measuring portion; and a negative voltage cause determining portion that determines, if the voltage of the fuel cell is a negative voltage, a cause of the negative voltage of the fuel cell, based on the obtained electric current-voltage characteristic information.07-25-2013
20120015262SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL DEVICE - The present invention comprises fuel cells 01-19-2012
20120021307SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL DEVICE - The present invention comprises individual fuel cells 01-26-2012
20120021306ACID FUEL CELL CONDENSING HEAT EXCHANGER - A heat exchanger for a fuel cell includes first and second heat exchanger portions that provide a fluid flow passage. The second heat exchanger portion is arranged downstream from the first heat exchanger portion. The first and second heat exchanger portions include a coolant flow passage, which is provided by tubes in one example. The first and second heat exchanger portions are configured to transfer heat between the fluid flow and coolant flow passages. The first heat exchanger portion is configured to provide a first heat transfer rate capacity. The second heat exchanger portion includes a second heat transfer rate capacity that is greater than the first heat transfer rate capacity. In one example, the first heat exchanger portion includes tubes and does not include any fins, and the second heat exchanger includes spaced apart fins supporting the tubes.01-26-2012
20120028138FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND DRIVING METHOD FOR THE SAME - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack that includes a plurality of unit cells, each including a membrane-electrode assembly including an electrolyte membrane, a cathode at one side of the electrolyte membrane, and an anode at an opposite side of the electrolyte membrane, and separators at respective sides of the membrane-electrode assembly, a fuel supply for supplying a fuel to the fuel cell stack, an oxidizing agent supply for supplying an oxidizing agent to the fuel cell stack, and a controller for controlling operation of the fuel supply and the oxidizing agent supply, for measuring a voltage of each of the unit cells, and for turning off a load coupled to the fuel cell stack after determining that the voltages of the unit cells reached a reference voltage.02-02-2012
20130202975IN-VEHICLE FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system mounted in a vehicle includes a fuel cell stack, a coolant supply mechanism, and a fuel gas supply mechanism. The coolant supply mechanism includes a coolant supply pipe and a coolant discharge pipe, provided on a front side in a traveling direction of the vehicle, relative to the fuel cell stack. The fuel gas supply mechanism includes a fuel gas supply pipe, provided on a rear side in the traveling direction, relative to the fuel cell stack.08-08-2013
20120301798FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell formed by stacking a plurality of power generation cells, and an oxygen-containing gas supply apparatus for supplying an oxygen-containing gas to the fuel cell. The oxygen-containing gas supply apparatus includes an oxygen-containing gas supply channel connected to an oxygen-containing gas inlet of the fuel cell for allowing the oxygen-containing gas to flow from an air pump into the oxygen-containing gas inlet, a branch supply channel branched from the oxygen-containing gas supply channel and which is opened to the inside of a fuel cell chamber, an oxygen-containing gas discharge channel for discharging an oxygen-containing off gas from the fuel cell, and an oxygen-containing off gas circulation channel one end of which is connected to the oxygen-containing gas discharge channel, and another end of which is connected to the oxygen-containing gas supply channel at a position upstream from the air pump.11-29-2012
20120088166FUEL CELL, METHOD FOR OPERATING FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system comprising a fuel cell having plural membrane-electrode assemblies and plates, fuel and oxidant humidifiers and heater exchanger. Heat exchange between a supply inlet and discharge outlet is carried out between first and second heat exchange mediums. Fuel gas and oxidant gas are directed to flow parallel to each other in the fuel cell. A circulation path is established through the fuel and oxidant humidifiers and the heat exchanger by interconnection among discharge outlet, heat exchanger, fuel and oxidant humidifiers, and inlet.04-12-2012
20120094195FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND SCAVENGING METHOD THEREFOR - A fuel cell having an oxygen-containing gas flow field and a fuel gas flow field, an oxygen-containing gas supply apparatus for supplying an oxygen-containing gas to the oxygen-containing gas flow field, a fuel gas supply apparatus for supplying a fuel gas to the fuel gas flow field, a scavenging gas supply apparatus for supplying air as a scavenging gas to the fuel gas flow field, and a controller are provided. The controller includes a voltage detection unit for detecting the voltage of the fuel cell after operation of the fuel cell is stopped and a scavenging control unit for starting scavenging in the fuel gas flow field by the scavenging gas supply apparatus after the detected voltage is decreased temporarily, increased, and decreased again to become a preset voltage or less.04-19-2012

Patent applications in class Humidification or dehumidification

Patent applications in all subclasses Humidification or dehumidification