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For packet or frame multiplexed data

Subclass of:

714 - Error detection/correction and fault detection/recovery

714699000 - PULSE OR DATA ERROR HANDLING

714746000 - Digital data error correction

714752000 - Forward correction by block code

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Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130031444PIPELINED ERROR DETERMINATION IN AN ERROR-CORRECTING COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - A sequence of data packets is received within an integrated circuit device and stored within a first memory thereof Error descriptor values are updated within a second memory of the integrated circuit device based on error information associated with the sequence of data packets. The error descriptor values each include an address field to specify a corresponding storage region of the first memory and an error field to specify an error status of data values stored within the storage region. A sequence of multiple-bit error values are generated based, at least in part, on the error fields and address fields within respective subsets of the error descriptor values. Concurrently with generation of at least one of the multiple-bit error values the state of one or more bits of the data values stored in the first memory based are changed based on a previously-generated one of the multiple-bit error values.01-31-2013
20100017686FAST CHANNEL ZAPPING AND HIGH QUALITY STREAMING PROTECTION OVER A BROADCAST CHANNEL - Signaling the sending of source blocks within multiple physical layer blocks is done for both streaming and object delivery applications, using minimal additional overhead, and in some cases no overhead, to signal interleaved source blocks within a physical layer block, signaling how symbols are related to the source blocks from which they are generated, and signaled sending and indications of prioritized data for source blocks. Organizing and sending streams over one more channels can be done to improve the quality of delivered streams, while minimizing or improving the needed amount of channel resources and receiver power resources needed.01-21-2010
20090193318FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION AND INTERLEAVING OF NETWORK FRAMES - A network stream transmitter receives a transport stream having content packets and packets to be filtered out and is adapted to selectively encapsulate content packets into network frames.07-30-2009
20090193317METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SIGNAL ERROR DETERMINATION AND CORRECTION IN A FLEXRAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - A signal error determination and correction system is provided which comprises an error correction value calculation means which processes a predetermined segment of a signal to calculate an error correction value, and a signal correction means and prediction which applies the error correction value to at least part of the signal to correct the part of the signal. The invention further provides a method of signal error determination and correction.07-30-2009
20130031445INTERCONNECTION TECHNIQUES - Techniques are described that can be used to extend the data transmission rate specified by 10GBASE-KR of IEEE 802.3ap (2007) to more than 10 Gb/s using a multiple lane backplane. A signal for transmission over 10 Gb/s can be divided into multiple streams for transmission over multiple lanes. Multiple transceiver pairs can be used for transmission and receipt of the multiple streams. Each transceiver pair may comply with 10GBASE-KR of IEEE 802.3ap (2007).01-31-2013
20110202819Configurable Error Correction Encoding and Decoding - A system and method are disclosed performing error correction on data by a processor. Received data is demultiplexed into a first demultiplexer output and a second demultiplexer output. Stored instructions are executed by a processor to decode the first demultiplexer output and a deinterleaver output to produce a decoded output. Stored instructions are executed by a processor to interleave the decoded output to produce an interleaved output. Stored instructions are executed by a processor to decode the interleaved output and the second demultiplexer output to produce decoded data. Stored instructions are executed by a processor to deinterleave the decoded data. The deinterleaved data is output.08-18-2011
20130080861ERASURE CODING SCHEME FOR DEADLINES - Error correction coding for streaming communication is provided. A streaming problem is modeled as a non-multicast network problem with a nested receiver structure. Each packet in the streaming problem corresponds to a link, and each deadline in the streaming problem corresponds to a receiver in the non-multicast network problem. For the non-multicast network problem, content to be transmitted in multiple packets to multiple receivers is obtained. Each of the receivers is required to decode specific independent messages from the content, at given time steps, and has access to a subset of the content received by another receiver. The content is allocated into multiple packets to be transmitted on multiple links. No coding occurs across information demanded by different receivers. A capacity region defines a set of information rate vectors that can be communicated to the receivers successfully. A rate vector is successfully communicated if it complies with various inequalities.03-28-2013
20130086455METHOD AND APPARATUS OF QC-LDPC CONVOLUTIONAL CODING AND LOW-POWER HIGH THROUGHPUT QC-LDPC CONVOLUTIONAL ENCODER AND DECODER - A low-density parity check (LDPC) encoder and input configured to receive an incoming signal stream. The encoder generates, from a block code H-matrix comprising a data portion and a parity check portion, a continuous H-matrix by concatenating the data portion into successive, recurring, data blocks that are separated by a specified symbol interval, and performs LDPC encoding of each data portion using the parity check portion associated with the data portion using its associated parity check portion. Additionally, a Trellis-based low-density parity check (LDPC) decoder configured to receive an encoded stream and decode the received signal to recover the signal stream.04-04-2013
20090125791Decoding Device - Even when erroneous encoded data is inputted to a decoding device, the decoding device is recovered during one video frame period including a video frame time of the inputted data to enable decoding processing on a next video frame. The decoding device includes: a receiving section (05-14-2009
20120166914LDPC ENCODING AND DECODING OF PACKETS OF VARIABLE SIZES - Techniques to support low density parity check (LDPC) encoding and decoding are described. An apparatus includes at least one processor and a memory coupled to the at least one processor. The at least one processor is configured to encode or decode a packet based on a base parity check matrix and a set of lifting values. In a particular embodiment, the set of lifting values is limited to lifting values that are each a different power of two. The memory is configured to store parameters associated with the base parity check matrix.06-28-2012
20120192039Method, Apparatuses and Service for Media Transmission - Methods, devices, computer program products and systems for transmitting and receiving media information are disclosed. The media information is protected against errors introduce by an unreliable channel by error-protection information. The error-protection information is generated, transmitter, received and/or used in rendering based on the context of the receiver, e.g. based on a geographical location of the receiver.07-26-2012
20130073927DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF COMMUNICATING DATA OVER WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYMBOLS WITH CHECK CODE - Some demonstrative embodiments include devices, systems and/or methods of communicating data over wireless communication symbols with check-code. For example, a wireless communication unit may communicate a sequence of wireless communication symbols representing transmitted data bits, wherein a symbol of the symbols includes at least one data block, which includes a set of data bits and a set of repetition bits, the set of data bits including a first number of the transmitted data bits, and the set of repetition bits including a second number of bits, which are identical to at least a subset of the set of data bits, and wherein the symbol includes at least one plurality of check-code bits corresponding to the at least one data block.03-21-2013
20090271685Method for Processing Packets, an Apparatus for Transmitting Packets, and an Apparatus for Receiving Packets - The present invention discloses a packet processing method, comprising: A. the transmitter acquiring the redundancy information based on the payload of at least one transmitted packet and transmitting the redundancy information to the receiver; B. the receiver restoring the payload of the abnormal packet according to the redundancy information relating to the abnormal packet. The present invention also discloses the packet transmitting apparatuses and packet receiving apparatuses. By performing error correction and restoration for abnormal packets, the present invention improves packet transmission reliability and thus the quality of transmitted media streams.10-29-2009
20090271684Iterative decoding between turbo and RS decoders for improving bit error rate and packet error rate - A technique for iterative decoding between turbo and Reed Solomon (RS) decoders for improving bit error rate (BER) and packet error rate (PER) in a receiver in a wireless communication system comprises receiving data samples comprising turbo encoded packets and RS code words at the receiver; decoding turbo encoded packets of the received data samples using a turbo decoder; decoding RS code words of the received data samples using a RS decoder; feeding the RS decoded data to turbo decoder to perform a plurality of iterations; and correcting data errors present in the received data samples.10-29-2009
20130067296SIGNAL TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION CIRCUIT - A data buffer section stores input words, and outputs them to a first signal line group in order. An error checking and correcting code is generated that has the same number of bits as the words. Some bits are not to be output at the same time within the range of the first and second signal line groups or within the range of a partial signal line group included in the first and second signal line groups. A code transmission section outputs the error checking and correcting code to different signal lines of the second signal line group respectively, such that a plurality of bits in a code word are not output at the same time within the range of the first and second signal line groups or within the range of a partial signal line group included in the first and second signal line groups.03-14-2013
20130067295FILE DOWNLOAD AND STREAMING SYSTEM - A method of encoding data operates on an ordered set of input symbols and includes generating redundant symbols from the input symbols, and includes generating output symbols from a combined set of symbols including the input symbols and the redundant symbols, wherein the number of possible output symbols is much larger than the number of the combined set of symbols, wherein at least one output symbol is generated from more than one symbol in the combined set of symbols and from less than all of the symbols in the combined set of symbols. The redundant symbols are generated from an ordered set of input symbols in a deterministic process such that a first set of static symbols calculated using a first input symbol has a low common membership with a second set of static symbols calculated using a second input symbol distinct from the first input symbol.03-14-2013
20090055715System and Method for Mitigating Memory Requirements - A receiver is provided, which is adapted to receive MPE-FEC frames and to correct erroneous sections within a received MPE-FEC frame by detecting unreliable sections and storing in an erasure list (“ESL”) table compressed data that includes the base address of each detected erroneous section, together with the respective section's size. The size of the ESL table may be fixed, or it may correlate, or dynamically change according to the actual number of detected erroneous sections. The data stored in the erasure list may then be forwarded to a decoder to correct erroneous sections. The erroneous sections may be detected by using CRC, and the decoder may be a Reed-Solomon decoder. If the application data table of the MPE-FEC is error-free (or full or errors), in which case the erasure structure list is empty (or full of errors), in which case the erasure structure list is empty (or full), this means that no FEC reception and error corrections are required, because there are no sections to correct in the first case and the decoder is incapable of correcting too many sections in the second case. Therefore, the receiving circuitry, or at least the decoder, may be disabled to save battery power.02-26-2009
20120117446PACKET-LEVEL ERASURE PROTECTION CODING IN AGGREGATED PACKET TRANSMISSIONS - In a first aspect, an aggregated packet (A-MPDU) includes packets (MPDUs) and EC-Blocks (Error Correction Blocks) containing error correction coding information. A transmitter uses a Fountain coding scheme (for example, Raptor or RaptorQ) to generate the error correction coding information from the MPDUs. If a receiver detects an error in a received MPDU, then the receiver uses the error correction coding information from the EC-Blocks to correct the error. In a second novel aspect, a determination is made as to whether a change in error rate is more likely due to collisions or to a low SNR. If the determination is that the change is due to collisions then the MCS index is adjusted to restore a target error rate, whereas if the determination is that the change is due to a low SNR then the number of EC-Blocks per A-MPDU is adjusted to restore the target error rate.05-10-2012
20090327843PRUNED BIT-REVERSAL INTERLEAVER - A pruned bit-reversal interleaver supports different packet sizes and variable code rates and provides good spreading and puncturing properties. To interleave data, a packet of input data of a first size is received. The packet is extended to a second size that is a power of two, e.g., by appending padding or properly generating write addresses. The extended packet is interleaved in accordance with a bit-reversal interleaver of the second size, which reorders the bits in the extended packet based on their indices. A packet of interleaved data is formed by pruning the output of the bit-reversal interleaver, e.g., by removing the padding or properly generating read addresses. The pruned bit-reversal interleaver may be used in combination with various types of FEC codes such as a Turbo code, a convolutional code, or a low density parity check (LDPC) code.12-31-2009
20080294966DATA TRANSMISSION APPARATUS, DATA TRANSMISSION DEVICE, DATA RECEPTION DEVICE AND DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - A data transmission apparatus includes a packet generation section, a frame encoding section, a transmission section, a reception section, a frame decoding section and a packet extraction section. The packet generation section generates a packet upon request. The frame encoding section generates a frame having a predetermined length by dividing the packet or adding dummy data to the packet and generates an error-correcting-code-added frame by adding an error correcting code to the frame. The transmission section transmits the generated error-correcting-code-added frame through a transmission line. The reception section receives the error-correcting-code-added frame. The frame decoding section performs an error detection and an error correction for the error-correcting-code-added frame. The packet extraction section extracts the packet by removing the error correcting code from the error-correcting-code-added frame for which the error detection and the error correction have been performed.11-27-2008
20090254793COMMUNICATION APPARATUS - A communication apparatus realizes an FEC function. In the communication apparatus, a T_FEC-pattern comparing unit calculates a code distance between a pattern of an input FEC frame falling in a certain detection window and the pre-defined T_FEC pattern for each of the detection windows one after another. Moreover, a code-distance comparing unit compares the code distances with each other to detect a code for boundary identification T_FEC between an IEEE802.3 frame and a FEC parity. Finally, a boundary-signal generating unit generates, based on the detected code for boundary identification T_FEC, a T_FEC boundary signal that indicates a detection position of the T_FEC in the input FEC frame.10-08-2009
20100275104ERROR CORRECTING DEVICE AND ERROR CORRECTING METHOD - An error correcting device in an optical communication system that transmits a transmission frame formed by adding an overhead and an error correction code to information data uses a concatenated code or an iterated code of at least two error correction codes as an outer code and an error correction code for soft-decision decoding as an inner code.10-28-2010
20110283167Super block error correction code (ECC) adaptable to communication systems including hard disk drives (HDDs) and other memory storage devices - Super block error correction code (ECC) adaptable to communication systems including hard disk drives (HDDs) and other memory storage devices. A means is presented by which a number of blocks of information can be organized, with a degree of ECC provided thereto, and transmitted via a signal into a communication channel. In some instances, the communication channel is coupled to a storage media as in the context of an HDD, and information is written to and read from the storage media via this communication channel (e.g., “read channel”). This means is particularly well suited to applications that provide large amounts of data via any one transmission (e.g., DVR/PVR (Digital/Personal Video Recorder)). A redundant block is generated using the information of each of a number of information blocks thereby provided extra ECC on a large portion of data, and that redundant block also undergoes ECC encoding.11-17-2011
20120089890FEC CODE AND CODE RATE SELECTION BASED ON PACKET SIZE - Techniques for encoding and decoding data are described. In an aspect, multiple code rates for a forward error correction (FEC) code may be supported, and a suitable code rate may be selected based on packet size. A transmitter may obtain at least one threshold to use for code rate selection, determine a packet size to use for data transmission, and select a code rate from among the multiple code rates based on the packet size and the at least one threshold. In another aspect, multiple FEC codes of different types (e.g., Turbo, LDPC, and convolutional codes) may be supported, and a suitable FEC code may be selected based on packet size. The transmitter may obtain at least one threshold to use for FEC code selection and may select an FEC code from among the multiple FEC codes based on the packet size and the at least one threshold.04-12-2012
20110296280METHOD, DEVICE AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM FOR CONFIGURING AN OVERALL ENCODING/DECODING SCHEME IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK - A method is provided for configuring an overall encoding scheme comprising a first encoding for generating first encoded packets from source packets and a second encoding for generating second encoded packets by combination of first encoded packets according to a combination scheme applied by predetermined nodes of the network. The method obtains a number N of defective paths among paths used to transmit the first and second encoded packets to at least one destination node, a path being defective if an associated quality of transmission is below a predetermined threshold. A combination scheme is selected from among at least two possible predetermined combination schemes for which a number of encoded second packets is greater than or equal to N.12-01-2011
20100115379Error Resilience Methods for Multi-Protocol Encapsulation Forward Error Correction Implementations - Systems, devices, and methods for error detection and correction in digital communication are disclosed. One such method comprises: storing data received in TS packets into an MPE-FEC frame buffer of a receiver according to locations indicated by an MPE-FEC frame buffer write pointer; and storing reliability information regarding said data separately therefrom, said reliability information including addresses of one or more locations in said MPE-FEC frame buffer to be marked for erasure. One such device is a receiver comprising an MPE-FEC frame buffer and an FEC decoder. The FEC decoder is configured to store data received in TS packets into the MPE-FEC buffer according to locations indicated by an MPE-FEC frame buffer write pointer. The FEC decoder is further configured to store reliability information regarding the data separately therefrom, the reliability information including addresses of one or more locations in the MPE-FEC frame buffer to be marked for erasure.05-06-2010
20120110421TECHNIQUES TO PERFORM FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION FOR AN ELECTRICAL BACKPLANE - Techniques to perform forward error correction for an electrical backplane are described. An apparatus may comprise a physical layer unit having a forward error correction sublayer to perform forward error correction using a single bit to represent a two bit synchronization header. Other embodiments are described and claimed05-03-2012
20120110420UNIVERSAL PACKET LOSS RECOVERY FOR DELIVERY OF REAL-TIME STREAMING MULTIMEDIA CONTENT OVER PACKET-SWITCHED NETWORKS - The Universal Packet Loss Recovery System (UPLRS) is capable of recovering end-to-end network packet losses to obtain reliable end-to-end network delivery of multimedia streaming content over IP networks where packet losses appear above the transport layer. The UPLRS incorporates the use of Packet Forward Error Correction Coding (FEC) with packet interleaving processing prior to transport. Packet FEC is an error correction coding method at the packet level to improve link transmission reliability. At the source end of the packet-switching network, the Packet FEC scheme encodes a stream of transport multimedia content packets by including redundant packets in the stream to allow for the recovery of lost packets by the Packet FEC decoder at the user end of the packet-switching network. Since lost packets appear only above the transport layer in the IP network protocol stack, Packet FEC can be viewed as a transport layer or an application layer coding method.05-03-2012
20100281343Virtual Lane Forward Error Correction in Multilane Distribution - A system and method are provided for generating virtual lane (VL) forward error correction (FEC) overhead (OH) in a communication multi-lane distribution (MLD) protocol transmitter, and for recovering data words from virtual lanes with FEC OH in an MLD protocol receiver. The transmission method accepts an Optical Transport Network (OTN) frame with n consecutively ordered payload chunks of data words, at a first data rate. Each payload chunk is assigned to a virtual lane data word (VLDW) in an MLD frame of n consecutively ordered VLDWs. The assignment order of payload chunks to VLDWs is rotated at the start of each MLD frame. VLDWs are joined into VLDW groups, where each VLDW group includes at least one VLDW. FEC blocks are calculated for VLDWs, creating ordered VL codewords (VLCWs). Then, the VLCWs are multiplexed to maintain a consistent assignment of VLCW order to physical transmission lanes and transmitted.11-04-2010
20090307564Point-to-point repair request mechanism for point-to-multipoint transmission systems - This invention relates to a method, system, transmitter, network element, receiver and software application for a system capable of point-to-multipoint transmission, where one or more data packets are transmitted from a transmitter to one or more receivers, where at least at one specific receiver of said receivers, a reception of repair data packets is required, where repair information is signaled to a repair server in order to trigger a transmission of the repair data packets, and where the repair information comprises information related to the number of transmitted data packets correctly received at the specific receiver. The system may for instance be the 3GPP Multimedia Broadcast Multicast System, the transmission of data packets may for instance be controlled by the File Delivery Over Unidirectional Transport protocol and the signaling of the repair information may for instance be controlled by the Hypertext Transfer Protocol.12-10-2009
20100332953INSTRUMENT CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHODS - Methods, systems and computer readable media for controlling an instrument in communication with a host computer are provided. Operations of an instrument that must be completed on schedule are controlled via an embedded controller embedded in the instrument. A complete status packet is sent to a host computer from the embedded controller Periodically, the embedded controller repeats the sending of a complete status packet to the host computer, wherein status values in the complete status packet are updated with each iteration of sending a complete status packet.12-30-2010
20090276686METHOD TO SUPPORT FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION FOR REAL-TIME AUDIO AND VIDEO DATA OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL NETWORKS - A method and apparatus are described for protecting real time media including receiving media packets, generating media bit strings from the media packets, applying a forward error correcting code across the generated media bit strings to generate at least one forward error correcting bit string and generating at least one forward error correcting packet from the at least one forward error correcting bit string. Also described are a method and apparatus for recovering from losses of real time media packets including forming media bit strings from received media packets, forming forward error correcting bit strings from received forward error correcting packets, decoding the formed media bit strings and forward error correcting bit strings to obtain recovered media bit strings and recover lost media packets from the recovered media bit strings. Further described is a data structure for a forward error correcting header on computer readable media.11-05-2009
20120297274ADAPTIVE ERROR RESILIENCE FOR STREAMING VIDEO TRANSMISSION OVER A NETWORK - Adaptive error resilience for streaming video transmission over a network is provided. In one embodiment, a method of transmitting a plurality of packets comprises generating a first proactive repair redundancy information for a first data packet; adding the first proactive repair redundancy information to a second data packet; generating a second proactive repair redundancy information for the first data packet; adding the second proactive repair redundancy information to a repair packet; and transmitting the plurality of packets, wherein the plurality of packets includes the first data packet and at least one of the second data packet and the repair packet.11-22-2012
20090144602Method and System for Encoding or Decoding a Sequence of Digital Data - A method is provided for encoding and decoding a sequence of digital data, according to which a portion of the sequence of digital data corresponds to a data block that includes several data packets, at least two data packets per data block containing an identifier. The position of the data packet within the corresponding data block can be determined based on the identifier, and the data is encoded or decoded by taking into account the identifier.06-04-2009
20100146370DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND DATA PROCESSING METHOD - A receiving system and data processing method therein are disclosed, by which mobile service data is received and processed. The present invention includes a demodulator receiving a broadcast signal including mobile service data and main service data, the demodulator converting the received broadcast signal to a baseband signal, the mobile service data configuring a data group, the data group including a plurality of know data sequences, a known data detector detecting a location of at least one of the known data sequence within the data group, the known data detector outputting detected known data location information, an equalizer channel-equalizing the demodulated mobile service data using the detected known data location information, and a signaling decoder reconstructing transmission parameter channel (TPC) data and fast information channel (FIC) data received by being included in a signaling information area allocated between a first known data sequence and a second known data sequence among a plurality of the known data sequences.06-10-2010
20130191706MODEM ARCHITECTURE FOR JOINT SOURCE CHANNEL DECODING - A modem architecture that supports the application of joint source channel decoding (JSCD). The modem architecture includes two channel decoders, one of which is modified to provide improved signal quality. The modem architecture further includes transparent network layers that enable the passage of data from one layer to another layer. For example, the modem architecture enables the passage soft bits, when available, from a physical layer to an application layer. The soft bits may be utilized for JSCD, packet loss concealment, or other applications. The modem architecture enables encryption and decryption of data to incorporate extrinsic information in operating JSCD.07-25-2013
20090164873SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING SIGNALING CHANNEL ROBUSTNESS - A system and method for improving signaling channel robustness. Additional error correction is provided for (L06-25-2009
20090138784CODING DEVICE AND CODING METHOD - A coding method to code original data and transmit the coded data as a plurality of data packets to a destination, the coding method comprising: receiving packet loss information associated with the transmission of at least some of the plurality of data packets, the packet loss information including a lost packet restoration rate, a continuous packet loss rate and a packet loss rate of the packets transmitted to the decoding device; and generating an error-correcting redundant packet and inserting the error-correcting redundant packet in subsequent ones of the plurality of data packets for transmission to the destination based on the received packet loss information.05-28-2009
20090063935Method and system for wireless communication of uncompressed video information - A method and system for communication uncompressed video over a wireless communication medium is provided. Pixels in an uncompressed video frame are grouped into groups of pixels for wireless transmission from a transmitter to a receiver, wherein the neighboring pixels in each group possess (have) high spatial correlation. Upon receiving the pixel groups, the receiving station reconstructs the video frame from the received pixel groups, wherein upon detecting an erroneous pixel in a group, information from one or more neighboring pixels in that pixel group are used in place of the erroneous pixel. Further, FEC encoding is utilized recovering bit-errors.03-05-2009
20090063936COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, RECEPTION METHOD IN SAID APPARATUS, CODEC, DECODER, COMMUNICATION MODULE, COMMUNICATION UNIT AND DECODING METHOD - A communication apparatus includes a plurality of descramblers for subjecting a second header portion of a received frame to descrambling processing using pseudo-random sequences that differ from one another; a plurality of syndrome arithmetic units for performing a syndrome calculation, which is in accordance with a cyclic redundancy check code, with respect to headers descrambled by respective ones of the plurality of descramblers, and an error correction unit for selecting a header that has been descrambled by one descrambler among the plurality of descramblers as a receive header, in accordance with syndrome values calculated by respective ones of the plurality of syndrome arithmetic units.03-05-2009
20110225476System And Method For Enabling A Buffer Less Or Substantially Buffer Less Core Network - The present invention relates to a system and method for enabling a buffer-less or substantially buffer-less core network using a packet-level forward error correction (FEC) coding scheme. The system includes an ingress edge router configured to receive data packets destined to at least one egress edge router via an access link from an end-host. The ingress edge router is connected to the at least one egress edge router via a core network, where the core network is buffer-less or substantially buffer-less. Also, the ingress edge router is configured to apply a forward error correction (FEC) encoding scheme to the data packets at a packet level and transmit the encoded data packets to the core network.09-15-2011
20090083606DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND DATA PROCESSING METHOD - A receiving system and data processing method therein are disclosed, by which mobile service data is received and processed. The present invention includes a demodulator receiving a broadcast signal including mobile service data and main service data, the demodulator converting the received broadcast signal to a baseband signal, the mobile service data configuring a data group, the data group including a plurality of know data sequences, a known data detector detecting a location of at least one of the known data sequence within the data group, the known data detector outputting detected known data location information, an equalizer channel-equalizing the demodulated mobile service data using the detected known data location information, and a signaling decoder reconstructing transmission parameter channel (TPC) data and fast information channel (FIC) data received by being included in a signaling information area allocated between a first known data sequence and a second known data sequence among a plurality of the known data sequences.03-26-2009
20090222709UNIVERSAL PACKET LOSS RECOVERY SYSTEM FOR DELIVERY OF REAL-TIME STREAMING MULTIMEDIA CONTENT OVER PACKET-SWITCHED NETWORKS - The Universal Packet Loss Recovery System is capable of recovering end-to-end network packet losses to obtain reliable end-to-end network delivery of multimedia streaming content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, where packet losses appear above the transport layer. This system incorporates the use of Packet Forward Error Correction Coding (FEC) with packet interleaving processing prior to transport. Packet FEC Coding is an error correction coding method at the packet level which improves link transmission reliability. At the source end of the packet-switching network, the Packet FEC Coding scheme encodes a stream of transport multimedia content packets by including redundant packets to allow for recovery of lost packets by the Packet FEC Coding decoder at the user end of the packet-switching network. Since lost packets appear only above the transport layer in the IP network protocol stack, Packet FEC Coding can be viewed as a transport layer or application layer coding method.09-03-2009
20090204873VOICE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND VOICE PROCESSING METHOD - A voice processing apparatus includes: an error detector which detects an error in a frame containing voice data; a correction value calculator which determines a level of the error detected by the error detector and calculates a correction value according to the level; and a voice data corrector which corrects the voice data by using the correction value calculated by the correction value calculator.08-13-2009
20090210773SYSTEMS, METHODS, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS FOR HIGHLY RELIABLE FILE DELIVERY USING COMPOUND AND BRAIDED FEC ENCODING AND DECODING - Systems, methods, apparatus and computer program products provide highly reliable file delivery using a combination of packet-level FEC on source data packets which are arranged in matrices, where encoding is performed on both rows and columns or on rows, columns and diagonals.08-20-2009
20100275103Data Transmission Method, Data Transmission System, Transmitting Method, Receiving Method, Transmitting Apparatus and Receiving Apparatus - In variable rate data transmission, a data transmission method or the like is provided which enables adjustment for achieving desired erroneous rate detection. A transmitting side places a calculated error detecting code after the transmission data in each frame, generates frame data in which an R-bit series before the final bit position of the error detecting code is rearranged in inverse order, and transmits. A receiving side assumes the transmission data and error detecting code by assuming the final bit position of the frame data in each frame, conducting the assumption presuming that the rearrangement in inverse order has occurred on the transmitting side. Among the assumed final bit positions, the position determined to be errorless as a result of the error detection based on the assumed transmission data and error detecting code is determined as the final bit position. R can be greater or less than the number of bits of the error detecting code.10-28-2010
20090259920APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ERROR CORRECTION IN MOBILE WIRELESS APPLICATIONS INCORPORATING MULTI-LEVEL AND ADAPTIVE ERASURE DATA - A receiver (10-15-2009
20090254795PRUNED BIT-REVERSAL INTERLEAVER - A pruned bit-reversal interleaver supports different packet sizes and variable code rates and provides good spreading and puncturing properties. To interleave data, a packet of input data of a first size is received. The packet is extended to a second size that is a power of two, e.g., by appending padding or properly generating write addresses. The extended packet is interleaved in accordance with a bit-reversal interleaver of the second size, which reorders the bits in the extended packet based on their indices. A packet of interleaved data is formed by pruning the output of the bit-reversal interleaver e.g., by removing the padding or properly generating read addresses. The pruned bit-reversal interleaver may be used in combination with various types of FEC codes such as a Turbo code, a convolutional code, or a low density parity check (LDPC) code.10-08-2009
20080307290Method for Error Correction of Packet Data - In a method for error correction of packet data, in particular DAB data packets, code words being used over multiple data packets, redundancy information for error correction is added while maintaining the original packet data structure, at the cost of a free data field or a useful data field. The cycle of the error protection is selected as a multiple of a minimum size for a packet length.12-11-2008
20100153822Constructing Forward Error Correction Codes - Construction and use of forward error correction codes is provided. A systematic MDS FEC code is obtained having a property wherein any set of contiguous or non-contiguous r packets can be lost during a data transmission of k data packets and r encoded packets and the original k packets can be recovered unambiguously. The systematic MDS FEC code is transformed into a (k+r, k) systematic MDS FEC code that guarantees at least one of the encoded packets is a parity packet. The starting systematic MDS FEC code may be Cauchy-based, and the transformation code derived from the starting Cauchy-based MDS FEC code allows for very efficient initialization, encoding and decoding operations.06-17-2010
20100218074System, Method and Apparatus for Reducing Blockage Losses on Information Distribution Networks - System, apparatus and method are provided for transmitting and receiving packets over first and second channels. An FEC encoder generates forward error correction (FEC) packets corresponding to an original stream of packets. A packet transmitter transmits the original stream of packets over the first channel and transmits the FEC packets over the second channel. A packet receiver receives a stream of packets over the first channel, and receives the FEC packets corresponding to the stream of packets over the second channel. An FEC decoder uses information stored in the FEC packets to determine a correspondence between the FEC packets and the stream of packets, and recovers one or more lost packets of the stream of packets using the FEC packets.08-26-2010
20100241931DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA IN DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM - A digital broadcasting system and a method of processing data is disclosed. A receiving system of the digital broad-casting system may include receiving system may include a signal receiving unit, a first data processor, a second data processor, and an audio/video (AN) decoder. The signal receiving unit receives at least one of first mobile service data transmitted in accordance with a first transmission mode and second mobile service data transmitted in accordance with a second transmission mode. The first data processor can correct an error generated in the first mobile service data by performing demodulation for the first mobile service data received in the signal receiving unit in accordance with a first demodulation mode and performing CRC (cyclic redundancy check) decoding and RS decoding for RS (Reed-Solomon) of the demodulated first mobile service data. The second data processor can correct an error generated in the second mobile service data by performing demodulation for the second mobile service data received in the signal receiving unit in accordance with a second demodulation mode and performing CRC decoding and RS decoding for a code block of the demodulated second mobile service data. The AN decoder can perform AN decoding for the mobile service data output from the first data processor and the second data processor.09-23-2010
20100235717METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING LINEAR ERASURE CODES - Methods and apparatus for providing linear erasure codes. In one aspect, a method is provided for encoding a set of data values into a code symbol. The method includes determining an index sequence that defines selected data values to be used to generate the code symbol, and determining a value sequence that defines factors to be multiplied by the selected data values to generate the code symbol. The method also includes generating a packet header that describes the index sequence and the value sequence.09-16-2010
20100211855DTV TRANSMITTER AND METHOD OF CODING DATA IN DTV TRANSMITTER - A DTV transmitter includes a pre-processor which pre-processes enhanced data by coding the enhanced data for forward error correction (FEC) and expanding the FEC-coded enhanced data, a data formatter which generates enhanced data packets having the pre-processed enhanced data and known data, and a multiplexer which multiplexes the enhanced data packets with main data packets. The DTV transmitter further includes an RS encoder which adds systematic parity data to each main data packet and adds RS parity place holders to each enhanced data packet, and a data interleaver which interleaves the RS-coded main and enhanced data packets and outputs a group of interleaved data packets having a head, a body, and a tail. The body includes a plurality of consecutive enhanced data packets, to which a known data sequence is periodically inserted.08-19-2010
20100211854METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING DIFFERENT DATA LOSS PROTECTION - This invention relates to methods and apparatus for partitioning a data word into a protected region and an unprotected region in the link layer, forward error correction of a DVB-H module to provide unequal error protection of frames during forward error correction of the frames. IP-datagrams are encapsulated for coding after a pre-loading stage is initiated so that the reliability and importance of data in data frames corresponding to the IP-datagrams can be determined. Unequal error protection is further achieved by padding zeros in the unprotected region.08-19-2010
20110029845Apparatus, Systems and Methods Including Nonbinary Low Density Parity Check Coding For Enhanced Multicarrier Underwater Acoustic Communications - Advantageous underwater acoustic (UWA) apparatus, systems and methods are provided according to the present disclosure. The apparatus, systems and methods employ nonbinary low density parity check (LDPC) codes that achieve excellent performance and match well with the underlying modulation. The nonbinary LDPC codes of the proposed apparatus, systems and methods are formed, at least in part, from a generator matrix that has a high density to reduce the peak-to-average-power ratio (PAPR) with minimal overhead. The disclosed apparatus, systems and methods employ nonbinary regular LDPC cycle codes if the constellation is large and nonbinary irregular LDPC codes if the constellation is small or moderate. The nonbinary irregular and regular LDPC codes enable: i) parallel processing in linear-time encoding; ii) parallel processing in sequential belief propagation decoding; and iii) considerable resource reduction on the code storage for encoding and decoding.02-03-2011
20130219250METHODS FOR DECODING, METHODS FOR RETRIEVING, METHOD FOR ENCODING, METHOD OF TRANSMITTING, CORRESPONDING DEVICES, INFORMATION STORAGE MEANS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS - A method for decoding comprises the following steps: 08-22-2013
20100205510QLM decoding - A method for implementation of error correction decoding of quadrature layered modulation QLM communications. A bound on communications capacity derived using ideal QLM is approximated with QLM communications links which support data rates independent of the Shannon bound. Trellis symbol and bit demodulation algorithms recover QLM data symbols and bit algorithms offer computational efficiency at a cost of decisioning errors. Correlated bit decisioning error correction decoding and re-encoding can be implemented in a bit demodulation algorithm. Trellis demodulation and trellis decoding algorithms support parallel implementations, and concatenated implementations wherein the error correction decoding is implemented after the QLM demodulation. Concatenated implementation supports turbo decoding, MAP decoding, convolutional decoding, and block decoding by using the decisioning metrics available from QLM demodulation in place of generating the decisioning metrics directly from the detected symbol measurements. The invention describes how QLM can be used with WiFI, WiMaX, CDMA, OWDMA.08-12-2010
20110066924COMMUNICATING IN A COMPUTER ENVIRONMENT - Communicating in a peer-to-peer computer environment. A tracker peer is contacted and a list of peer nodes are obtained at a user device. A subset of peer nodes are selected from the list of peer nodes to act as relay nodes for a communication. An appropriate compression scheme is selected for the communication at the user device. Data is transmitted to at least one relay node for the at least one relay node to forward to at least one other user device, wherein the relay node is one of the subset of the peer nodes. Data is received at the user device from the at least one relay node forwarded from the at least one other user.03-17-2011
20090254794METHOD FOR EFFICIENT PACKET FRAMING IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK - Techniques to reduce the transmission overheads in a communication system are disclosed. In an embodiment, a method described herein relates to the elimination of redundant padding to realize an integer number of FEC code-words during the FEC-encoding process of transmission as well as the reduction/elimination of redundant padding to realize an integer number of transmission symbols during the subcarrier modulation mapping process of transmitting OFDM/ACMT/DMT symbols. The techniques are described in the context of a communication system based on the MoCA specification. Furthermore, techniques for channel-profiling, channel-estimation and bandwidth request/grant signaling that facilitate the realization of the method of reduction of transmission overheads in a MoCA system are also described.10-08-2009
20090177948System, Method and Apparatus for FEC Encoding and Decoding - A system, method and apparatus are provided for encoding and decoding a source file. The source file is encoded by dividing it into a plurality of shares comprised of a plurality of packets. A bit vector is generated. For at least one share, an FEC packet is generated by XOR'ing a subset of packets from the plurality of packets in the share in accordance with the bit vector. The process of encoding continues until terminated. Once the FEC encoded packets are received, each of the plurality of packets which is not a linear combination of previously received packets is stored into a file. A sequence of XOR operations to perform in-place on the file to reconstruct the source file are generated and performed on the file.07-09-2009
20090113273APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA RESTORATION INFORMATION IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - An apparatus and method for transmitting data restoration information in a communication system are provided, in which a BS transmits first data in a first zone of a frame, transmits second data in a second zone of the frame, transmits first data restoration information for restoring the first data in the first zone, and transmits second data restoration information for restoring the second data in the second zone. The first data comprises the same data as data transmitted simultaneously by at least one repeater and the second data comprises data that is different from data transmitted by the at least one repeater.04-30-2009
20090113274Bit Reverse Interleaving Methods for QAM Modulation in a Wireless Communication System - In a communication method, a sequence of information bits is encoded into systematic bits and parity bits. The systematic bits and the parity bits are grouped in output blocks, each output block to be assigned to an address of a constellation scheme. The addresses include addresses that are more prone to error and address that are less prone to error so that the symbols are grouped such that bits in groups of consecutive bits of the sequence of information bits are not all assigned to addresses that are more prone to error.04-30-2009
20090150752Outer Coding Framework For Application Packet Error Rate Minimization - The subject matter disclosed herein provides an outer coding framework for minimizing the error rate of packets, such as application data packets used to transmit digital video broadcast data as well as other forms of data. In one aspect, there is provided a method. The method may include inserting a received packet into one or more rows of a frame. The one or more rows including the received packets may be encoded using an outer code. A block of data from a column of the frame may be read. The frame may include the one or more rows encoded using the outer code. The block that is read may be provided to enable an inner code to encode the block before transmission through a wireless network. Related systems, apparatus, methods, and/or articles are also described.06-11-2009
20100223533MOBILE RECEPTION OF DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING-TERRESTRIAL SERVICES - A method of protecting data with application layer forward error correction in a communication system, wherein the communication system includes first devices with legacy receivers and second devices with FEC-enabled receivers, operation of the legacy receivers is not affected by the application layer forward error correction, and the method includes: determining a duration period; assembling packets of source data into source blocks corresponding to the duration period, each source block comprising a number of packets of source data; encoding the source blocks to generate encoded blocks, each encoded block comprising a number of packets of repair data; and transmitting the packets of repair data.09-02-2010
20100306625TRANSMISSION ERROR DISSIMULATION IN A DIGITAL SIGNAL WITH COMPLEXITY DISTRIBUTION - The present invention relates to a method of transmission error concealment in a digital signal split up into a plurality of successive frames associated with different time intervals in which, on reception, the signal might comprise erased frames and valid frames and in order to replace at least the first erased frame (N) after a valid frame, at least two steps are performed, a first step (E12-02-2010
20090037794DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM WITH ENHANCED DATA MULTIPLEXING IN VSB TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - A digital VSB transmission system and enhanced data multiplexing method are disclosed. When ½ enhanced data coded at a rate of ½ and ¼ enhanced data at a rate of ¼ are transmitted, timing jitter in MPEG of VSB receiver can be reduced and the size of input buffer in MPEG decoder of the VSB receiver can be reduced by multiplexing the ½ enhanced data packet and the ¼ data packet at predetermined intervals. Multiplexing the ½ enhanced data packet and the ¼ data packet by grouping increases the reception performance of the ¼ enhanced data. Multiplexing the ½ enhanced data packet and the ¼ data packet alternatively reduces the MPEG timing jitter in the VSB receiver and increases the reception performance of the ¼ enhanced data.02-05-2009
20130145236Wireless Transmission Reliability - A method for performing error correction during a transmission of physiological data includes two or more data packets that are sent from a first electronic computing device to a second electronic computing device. Each of the data packets includes physiological data. Each of the data packets has a first packet size. Each of the data packets includes error correction information. The error correction information for each of the two or more packets is distributed across the two or more data packets.06-06-2013
20110010607SYSTEM AND METHOD OF TRANSMITTING CONTENT FROM A MOBILE DEVICE TO A WIRELESS DISPLAY - A method of transmitting content to a wireless display device is disclosed. The method may include receiving multimedia data, encoding the multimedia data, and writing encoded multimedia data into a first predetermined memory location of a shared memory. Further, the method may include encapsulating the encoded multimedia data and writing encapsulation data into a second predetermined memory location of the shared memory. The method may also include calculating error control encoding and writing the error control encoding into a third predetermined memory location of the shared memory. Further, the method may include transmitting the encoded multimedia data, the encapsulation data, and the error control encoding to the wireless display device.01-13-2011
20110047444VARIABLE RATE CODING FOR ENABLING HIGH PERFORMANCE COMMUNICATION - A protocol for optimizing the use of coded transmissions such as over wireless links. In this technique, interframes are split into segments selected to be an optimum size according to transmission characteristics of the radio channel. The inverse process is applied at the receiver. Using this scheme, segments containing erroneous data may be resent.02-24-2011
20110055666RECEIVER FOR ERROR-PROTECTED PACKET-BASED FRAME - In one embodiment, a receiver for a frame of media packets employing the real-time transmission protocol (RTP) and forward error correction (FEC) is disclosed. The receiver comprises a packet buffer and an FEC decoder. After a packet is received by the packet buffer, the FEC decoder reads the packet and, as part of FEC processing, performs an XOR operation on the packet, without waiting for the entire frame (or, indeed, for any subsequent packet of the frame) to be received. The XOR operation results are accumulated until sufficient packets are received to reconstruct a missing packet in the frame. Because the XOR operations are performed immediately after a packet is received, without any delay from waiting for subsequent packets, the receiver has a very low latency, and the packet buffer may be relatively small.03-03-2011
20110119565MULTI-STREAM VOICE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND METHOD, AND PLAYOUT SCHEDULING MODULE - A multi-stream voice transmission system includes a transmitting terminal and a receiving terminal for transmitting and receiving first and second packet streams via first and second network channels. The receiving terminal includes a playout buffer for buffering the first and second packet streams, generates an output voice signal from the buffered packets according to a playout schedule adjusting coefficient β, generates packet loss parameters and packet delay parameters corresponding to loss and delay experienced by the first and second packet streams, and provides the parameters to the transmitting terminal. The transmitting terminal receives the parameters, performs a playout schedule optimizing algorithm employing the parameters so as to determine an optimum value of the playout schedule adjusting coefficient β corresponding to a balanced packet loss rate and a balanced playout delay of the next packets to be transmitted, and provides the playout schedule adjusting coefficient β to the receiving terminal.05-19-2011
20110246861METHOD OF ETHERNET FRAME FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION INITIALIZATION AND AUTO-NEGOTIATION - A method of managing forward error correction (FEC) initialization and auto-negotiation in ethernet passive optical networks includes receiving FEC data from an optical network unit (ONU), and the optical line terminal (OLT) responds to the ONU with FEC data. Upon receiving data not forward error corrected from an ONU, the OLT responds with data not coded for FEC. Similarly, upon receiving forward error corrected data from the OLT, the ONU responds with forward error corrected data; and upon receiving data not forward error corrected from the OLT, the ONU responds with data not forward error corrected. The communications quality from the ONU is monitored, if the communications quality is not sufficient, the OLT transmits forward error corrected data to the ONU; otherwise, the OLT transmits non-FEC data to the ONU. Similarly, the method includes monitoring communications quality from the OLT by the ONU; if the communications quality is insufficient, the ONU transmits FEC data to the OLT; otherwise, the ONU transmits data not forward error corrected to the OLT.10-06-2011
20110214036DIGITAL TELEVISION TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER AND METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA IN DIGITAL TELEVISION TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER - A digital television (DTV) transmitter/receiver and a method of processing data in the DTV transmitter/receiver are disclosed. In the DTV transmitter, a pre-processor pre-processes the enhanced data by coding the enhanced data for forward error correction (FEC) and expanding the FEC-coded enhanced data. A data formatter generates enhanced data packets including the pre-processed enhanced data and inserts known data to at least one of the enhanced data packets. A first multiplexer multiplexes the enhanced data packets with main data packets including the main data. And, an RS encoder RS-codes the multiplexed main and enhanced data packets, the RS encoder adding systematic parity data to each main data packet and adding RS parity place holders to each enhanced data packet. Herein, the RS encoder may insert non-systematic RS parity data or null data into the RS parity place holders included in each enhanced data packet.09-01-2011
20110145682TRANSMITTING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF TRANSMITTING DIGITAL BROADCAST SIGNAL IN TRANSMITTING SYSTEM - A transmitting system and a method of transmitting digital broadcast signal are disclosed. This invention extends a region for mobile service data in a slot. Thus, the transmitter can transmit more mobile service data. This invention has an advantage enhancing the reception performance of a broadcast signal at a reception system, and a method for processing a broadcast signal by inserting additional known data in regions C, D and E.06-16-2011
20100251078RECEIVING APPARATUS, RECEIVING METHOD, PROGRAM, AND RECEIVING SYSTEM - A receiving apparatus includes: an LDPC decoding device configured such that when an LDPC-coded data signal, LDPC representing Low Density Parity Check, and an LDPC-coded transmission control signal are transmitted in multiplexed fashion, the LDPC decoding device can decode both the data signal and the transmission control signal; a holding device configured to be located upstream of the LDPC decoding device and to hold at least the transmission control signal upon receipt of the data signal and the transmission control signal; and a control device configured to control the LDPC decoding device to decode the data signal while the transmission control signal is being accumulated in the holding device and to interrupt the current decoding so as to control the LDPC decoding device to decode the transmission control signal when the transmission control signal has been accumulated in the holding device.09-30-2010
20100131830Transparent In-Band Forward Error Correction for Signal Conditioning-Encoded Signals - A system and method are provided for framing messages in a forward error correction (FEC) structure for data streams encoded with redundant signal conditioning information. The method accepts signal conditioning-encoded words at a first bit rate, and eliminates redundant information in the signal conditioning-encoded words, creating N reduced-bit words of k bits. The k-bit words are mapped into a payload field of N*(k/p) p-bit words. Overhead (OH) and FEC parity fields are generated, and a frame is created including the OH field, payload field, and FEC parity field. The bit values in the frame are then pseudorandomly scrambled and the scrambled frame is transmitted at the first bit rate. A system and method are also presented for recovering the signal conditioning-encoded words from an FEC frame.05-27-2010
20120246546FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION METHOD - This invention concerns packet recovery for real-time (live) multi-media communication over packet-switched networks like the Internet. Such communication includes video, audio, data or any combination thereof. The invention comprises forward error correction (FEC) algorithms addressing both random and burst packet loss and errors, and that can be adjusted to tradeoff the recoverability of missing packets and the latency incurred.09-27-2012
20090327844TRANSMISSION APPARATUS, RECEIVING APPARATUS, AND METHOD - An error pattern analysis unit specifies positions of discarded packets in continuously transmitted groups of packets. A QoS control unit estimates the cause of a communication error based on the specified positions of discarded packets, and performs QoS control based on the estimated cause of the communication error.12-31-2009
20090217138ITERATIVE DECODING OF PACKET DATA - A receiver employs iterative decoding of packet data, where the packet data represents a data frame encoded with at least two logical dimensions. A logical dimension refers to a layer, or sub-layer, of a layered network architecture. Consequently, a first logical dimension of encoding might refer to error detection in a packet frame at the data link layer, while a second logical dimension of coding might refer to error detection/correction encoding at a physical layer. For example, a data frame might be divided into several packets, each with a corresponding cyclic redundancy check (CRC) value as coding in the first logical dimension, which are then transmitted with a convolutional code as coding in the second logical dimension. The receiver performs iterative decoding in the first and second logical dimensions until either i) all errors are identified and corrected or ii) another type of stopping condition is met.08-27-2009
20090217137Method for detecting and correcting data errors in an RF data link - Methods for detecting and correcting data errors in an RF data link include identifying valid data frames and corrupted data frames by measuring a data corruption level for each transmitted data frame, comparing the measured data corruption level for each corrupted data frame to a data corruption threshold, reconstructing the corrupted data frames having a data corruption level below the data corruption threshold, reconstructing the data block using data from valid and reconstructed data frames, and/or verifying the data in the reconstructed data block.08-27-2009
20100058147METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RELIABLE MEDIA TRANSPORT - Methods and apparatuses to model the relation between the delay samples and congestion losses and to protect media flows against congestion losses are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises measuring congestion by delay samples, and performing a dynamic FEC algorithm that uses convex hull clustering for loss-event classification, including determining an FEC rate according to the loss-event classification. In another embodiment, the method comprises measuring congestion by delay samples, modeling loss events associated with the delay samples by grouping loss events as unions of convex hulls to identify a period of potentially increased congestion, dynamically changing the FEC rate based on the modeling, and applying FEC protection to the media flow during the period based on the FEC rate. In yet another embodiment, the method comprises forming clusters using past loss events and their {FTT, F{dot over (T)}T} or {RTT, R{dot over (T)}T} estimates, and estimating future loss events using most recent {FTT, F{dot over (T)}T} or {RTT, R{dot over (T)}T} estimates and their membership in convex hull clusters.03-04-2010
20100058148METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ADJUSTING COMMUNICATIONS POWER - A method and device for adjusting communications power are used for detecting a communications condition between a connection port and a connection target, and a communications-supporting power of the connection port that includes at least one of a transmitting power and a receiving power is adjusted according to a detected communications condition. Therefore, accuracy of data transmission and reception is ensured, and power used for data transmission and reception is reduced.03-04-2010
20110252292PACKET ERROR CORRECTION IN NETWORKS - An apparatus and a method for packet error correction in packet-switched networks is provided. Message packets to be transmitted on a network are subdivided into k symbols over GF(q), and the symbols are then encoded by a symbol-level encoder into a codeword of n>k symbols over GF(q). The codeword is transmitted on the network in a plurality of network packets to a symbol-level decoder, which recovers any symbols lost or corrupted in transmission. Encoding at the symbol level increases the amount of data that can be recovered in any single correction operation. The efficiency of the decoding is also enhanced because the location of symbol errors can be determined prior to decoding.10-13-2011
20110083061METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISPERSED STORAGE OF STREAMING MULTI-MEDIA DATA - A method begins by a processing module determining dispersed storage preferences for streaming multi-media data. The method continues with the processing module transcoding the streaming multi-media data into transcoded data when the dispersed storage preferences include transcoding. In addition, the method continues with the processing module encoding the transcoded data in accordance with an error coding dispersed storage function of the dispersed storage preferences to produce pluralities of error coded data slices. In addition, the method continues with the processing module outputting the pluralities of error coded data slices to a plurality of data storage units for storage therein.04-07-2011
20120304040CHECKSUM CALCULATION, PREDICTION AND VALIDATION - A checksum calculation, prediction and validation system includes a host system, a network interface, a reception pipeline disposed between the host system and network interface and configured to calculate an expected full checksum related to packets received in the host system and a transmission pipeline disposed between the host system and network interface and configured calculate factors related to packets for transmission on the network interface.11-29-2012
20110258519Error Control On-Demand - The present invention relates to a new error control paradigm in a packet switched network that is particularly advantageous for multicast transmission.10-20-2011
20130159816TRANSMITTING METHOD, RECEIVING METHOD, RECEIVING APPARATUS AND TRANSMITTING APPARATUS - A transmitter apparatus wherein a simple structure is used to successfully suppress the degradation of error rate performance that otherwise would be caused by fading or the like. There are included encoding parts (06-20-2013
20110258518Variable modulation with LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) coding - Variable modulation within combined LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) coding and modulation coding systems. A novel approach is presented for variable modulation encoding of LDPC coded symbols. In addition, LDPC encoding, that generates an LDPC variable code rate signal, may also be performed as well. The encoding can generate an LDPC variable code rate and/or modulation signal whose code rate and/or modulation may vary as frequently as on a symbol by symbol basis. Some embodiments employ a common constellation shape for all of the symbols of the signal sequence, yet individual symbols may be mapped according different mappings of the commonly shaped constellation; such an embodiment may be viewed as generating a LDPC variable mapped signal. In general, any one or more of the code rate, constellation shape, or mapping of the individual symbols of a signal sequence may vary as frequently as on a symbol by symbol basis.10-20-2011
20100100795Method and Apparatus for Performing Forward Error Correction in an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed Communication Network - According to some embodiments of the disclosed method and apparatus, systems and methods are provided that utilize extra payload capacity present in a symbol pad of a PHY payload to decrease the coding rate of an FEC coding scheme without increasing the symbol rate or decreasing the PHY rate of a corresponding data transmission. If a symbol pad length that would result from encoding a MAC frame using a default coding scheme would be at least as great as a parity length of the default coding scheme, and a new coding scheme maintaining the same parity length but having a reduced information bit length may be determined and used to encode the MAC frame. Owing the reduced information bit length, the new coding scheme has a reduced coding rate, but maintains the same number of OFDM symbols as the default coding scheme.04-22-2010
20110161786METHOD FOR COPING WITH PACKET ERROR DISTRIBUTION, A SERVER APPARATUS, AND A TERMINAL APPARATUS - According to one embodiment, a server apparatus includes a judgment module and a controller. The judgment module judges a communication connection state of the terminal that made the notification, when a message indicating that error reception of an unnecessary packet is detected by the terminal. The controller executes a process of preventing packet error distribution according to the communication connection state judged by the judgment module.06-30-2011
20080229177Channel quality index feedback reduction for broadband systems - A system and methodology are disclosed for exploiting channel correlation in time and/or frequency to reduce CQI feedback in wireless communications systems. By compressing CQI feedback at the receiver to reduce redundancy in CQI feedback information that results from the channel correlation, the average feedback rate is reduced. In various embodiments, redundancy in time may be removed from the CQI feedback by monitoring variations of the CQI information in time at the receiver so that CQI information for a given CQI reporting instance is communicated to the transmitter only if it differs from the CQI information for the previous CQI reporting instance. Otherwise, no feedback is performed. In other embodiments, CQI feedback is compressed by performing a discrete cosine transform (DCT) on the CQI data. The compressed CQI feedback information is then communicated to the transmitter through the feedback control channel where it is decoded into the original CQI information and used to generate signal processing information for various sub-carriers.09-18-2008
20080301534ERROR CONTROL METHOD AND COOPERATIVE TRANSFER SYSTEM - An error control method and a cooperative transfer system are provided. The method comprises: each node acting as a transfer node in a cooperative node group codes an acquired distributed information code block to obtain a corresponding distributed check code block and transmits the corresponding distributed check code block to a destination node; the destination node combines a received distributed check code block to generate a check code block and combines the distributed information code block transmitted by each node acting as a source node in the cooperative node group to generate an information code block; and the destination nod decodes the check code block and the information code block. The embodiment of the present invention may increase farthest the throughput of the transfer system and obtain additional cooperative path diversity and linear block code gain.12-04-2008
20110047443NETWORK COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL FOR LARGE SCALE DISTRIBUTION OF STREAMING CONTENT - Forward error correction may be implemented in a network having first, second and third nodes. The second node receives streaming media message packets and one or more check packets from an upstream first node. The second node transmits the message packets and check packets to a downstream third node. The second node uses the check packets to decode missing message packets and transmits the decoded missing packets to the third node before the missing message packets are to be presented by the third node. The third node may receive message packets and a first set of check packets from the second node and a second set of check packets from the first node. The third node may use check packets from both sets to decode missing message packets.02-24-2011
20120311409ERROR CORRECTION SCHEME IN A HEARING SYSTEM WIRELESS NETWORK - A method of wireless data communication between a hearing instrument and another device, includes receiving N data packages A12-06-2012
20080256421Variable forward error correction for optical communication links - A method and system for setting a variable forward error correction overhead in an optical transport network frame for an optical link at a node are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method includes selecting a forward error correction overhead, signaling an optical node the selected forward error correction overhead, and setting the forward error correction overhead in the optical network transport frame for use in transmission of data over the optical link. In one embodiment, the forward error correction overhead is complementary to the data payload to maintain total transmission rate.10-16-2008
20110010608FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION ENCODING/DECODING METHOD AND APPARATUS, DIGITAL BROADCASTING RECEPTION APPARTUS, AND DECODING METHOD THEREOF - A forward error correction encoding method includes: separating a first header section from an inputted packet stream; generating a second payload section by encoding a first payload section of the packet stream, from which the first header section is separated, according to a preset code rate; generating a second header section according to the code rate; and combining the first header section, the second header section, and the second payload section.01-13-2011
20100293441System and Method for Accelerated Forward Error Correction (FEC) Synchronization - A system and method are provided for accelerating forward error correction (FEC) synchronization in a communicating receiver. On the transmitter side, the method accepts an energy waveform representing a packet of data symbols, encodes the packet, and creates an FEC block. Prior to transmitting the FEC block, an electromagnetic waveform is transmitted representing an FEC flag character. Then, an electromagnetic waveform representing the FEC block is transmitted a predetermined first period of time after the transmission of the FEC flag character. For example, the first time period may be immediately following the FEC flag character transmission or a predetermined number of idle characters following the transmission of the FEC flag character.11-18-2010
20110191656Systems for High-Speed Backplane Applications Using Pre-Coding - In conventional Backplane Ethernet systems, data is transmitted over two pairs of copper traces in one direction using a PAM-2 scheme and a baud rate of 10.3125 GHz, giving an effective bit rate of 10.3125 Gbps. The rate at which data can be transmitted in Backplane Ethernet systems, while still being reliably received, is typically limited by ISI caused by the dispersive nature of the copper traces, frequency dependent transmission losses caused primarily by skin effect and dielectric loss of the copper traces, and cross-talk from adjacent communication lines. The present invention is directed to systems for overcoming these and other signal impairments to achieve speeds up to, and beyond, twice the conventional 10 Gbps limit associated with Backplane Ethernet systems.08-04-2011
20100115378INTEGRATED CIRCUIT TO ENCODE DATA - An integrated circuit configurable to encode data according to a number of coding schemes and to generate cyclic redundancy codes, includes a number of identical specific hardware cells, and each cell includes four outputs for binary signals, four inputs for binary signals, a buffer to delay by one clock period a binary value received on an input and to output a one-clock period delayed binary value, binary adders to perform XOR operations, configurable multiplexers connecting the outputs, the inputs, the buffer and the adders to each other according to several configurable paths, and controllable switch matrices external to each cell and able to electrically connect and disconnect inputs to or from outputs of another cell.05-06-2010
20090300468FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION - A receiver is arranged to start receiving a data frame 12-03-2009
20090300469System and method for inter-packet channel coding and decoding - A system and method for inter-packet channel encoding/decoding for recovering lost packets, while minimizing network latency and delay. The novel inter-packet channel encoding/decoding scheme described herein operates on a running-basis. This running-basis scheme advantageously allows for a large number of packet losses to be corrected at a receiving node.12-03-2009
20100023843METHOD FOR PROCESSING NOISE INTERFERENCE - A method for processing noise interference in a serial AT Attachment (SATA) interface. In the method, when a receiver does not receive a SOF primitive (start of frame primitive) but does receive an EOF primitive (end of frame primitive) or WTRM primitive (wait for frame termination primitive), the receiver outputs a R_OK primitive (reception with no error primitive) and sets a error flag to report to the application layer of the receiver to eliminate the interference.01-28-2010
20100023842MULTISEGMENT LOSS PROTECTION - A method for providing error correction of media packets. Service nodes associated with a core network segment use a first error correction process, and service nodes associated with an access network segment use a second error correction process. Service nodes associated with a local network segment may use a third error correction process. The present invention utilizes different error correction processes on different network segments as appropriate. Service nodes may receive indicators from monitoring agents that error correction is insufficient and, in response, a service node may increase an amount of error correction associated with a network segment. Media packets may be interleaved in a forward error correction (FEC) block in a manner that increases an amount of packet recovery.01-28-2010
20100017687Method and Apparatus for N+1 Packet Level Mesh Protection - Methods and apparatus are provided for N+1 packet level mesh protection. An error correction encoding method is provided that assembles M-T data packets; appends a sequence number and a payload integrity check to each of the M-T data packets; and creates T protection packets having the sequence number and payload integrity check, wherein a payload for each of the T protection packets are formed from corresponding symbols in the M-T data packets. An error correction decoding method is also provided that receives a plurality of error-free packets and one or more packets having an error; and reconstructs the one or more packets having an error by applying block erasure decoding to said plurality of error-free packets, whereby one packet having an error can be reconstructed for each protection packet used to encode the received packets.01-21-2010
20110307765APPARATUS AND METHOD USING MATRIX NETWORK CODING - Provided are a communication apparatus and method using a matrix network coding scheme. The communication apparatus includes a reception unit to receive a corrupted packet including a plurality of corrupted words, and a controller to estimate a first decoded word corresponding to the corrupted words based on the corrupted words and a generator matrix. The controller generates a second decoded word corresponding to the corrupted words based on a codebook and the estimated first decoded word. The codebook is based on the generator matrix. The controller generates a message based on a plurality of second decoded words respectively corresponding to the plurality of corrupted words.12-15-2011
20110161785METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A DIGITAL SIGNAL BETWEEN AT LEAST TWO TRANSMITTERS AND AT LEAST ONE RECEIVER, USING AT LEAST ONE RELAY, AND CORRESPONDING PROGRAM PRODUCT AND RELAY DEVICE - A method is provided for transmitting a digital signal between at least two transmitters and at least one receiver, using a concatenation of at least two codes. The method includes a first encoding step, in the transmitters, which outputs at least two first code words; a first transmission step of the first code words, via at least two distinct transmission channels; a receiving step, in at least one relay device, of at least two of the first code words, known as intermediate code words; a step of intertwining at least one part of the bits of the intermediate code words that outputs the intertwined bits; a second step of encoding the intertwined bits, in the relay(s), which outputs at least one second code word, taking into consideration the intermediate code words; a second step of transmitting the second code word(s) through the relay device(s), so as to enable, in the receiver(s), an iterative decoding, taking into account the first code words, and then a redundancy formed by the second code word(s).06-30-2011
20120042227FEC STREAMING WITH AGGREGATION OF CONCURRENT STREAMS FOR FEC COMPUTATION - Transmitters and receivers deal with streams of data, wherein the receiver is expected to begin using received data before receiving all of the data. Concurrent streams are sent and FEC coding is used with the streams and done as an aggregate. The transmitter performs FEC operations over the plurality of streams, wherein source blocks from at least two streams logically associated into a jumbo source block and FEC processing is performed to generate one or more jumbo repair block from the jumbo source block. Each of the source blocks comprises one or more source symbols from their respective stream. The jumbo source symbols can be of constant size and are suitably aligned along size boundaries that make processing efficient. Each source symbol need not be the same size, and the number of source symbols from each stream in a jumbo source block need not be the same value across streams.02-16-2012
20110173517SYMBOL-LEVEL RANDOM NETWORK CODED COOPERATION WITH HIERARCHICAL MODULATION IN RELAY COMMUNICATION - Disclosed is a novel cooperative communication strategy jointly using symbol-level random network coding and hierarchical modulation in order to effectively minimize packet error rate in error prone wireless networks. The source (or sender) broadcasts random network coded symbols with hierarchical modulation to the relays and the destination (or receiver). In following time slots, the relays, which have successfully decoded the original packet, transmit additional random network coded symbols to the destination. By applying the present disclosure into a multi-hop relay consumer device network, which comprises a set of consumer devices, error free transmission with high efficiency can be achieved.07-14-2011
20120011418PACKET ENCODING METHOD TO PROVIDE UNEQUAL ERROR PROTECTION TO USERS AND/OR APPLICATIONS DATA - Embodiments of the invention provide a packet encoding scheme to ensure unequal error protection to different bits in a packet or in multiple packets. In one embodiment, a method to process bits in a bit stream comprises scrambling the bit stream; separating the scrambled bit stream into a high priority bit stream with an order of high priority bits from left to right and a low priority bit stream with an order of low priority bits from left to right; rearranging the bits by embedding the high priority bits in the low priority bit stream while preserving the two orders, the rearranged bit stream including blocks of bits, each block including one or more high priority bits disposed left of corresponding one or more low priority bits to provide protection for the high priority bits against noise which is at least equal to protection for the low priority bits; and modulating the rearranged bit stream using Gray encoding method to produce an encoded bit stream.01-12-2012
20120210195METHOD, DEVICE, AND SYSTEM FOR FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION - A method for forward error correction (FEC) includes obtaining information on a type of a current frame, where the current frame includes a key frame and a non-key frame; determining a coding redundancy of the current frame according to the type of the current frame and a redundancy coding strategy, where the coding redundancy of the key frame is greater than that of the non-key frame; and using the determined coding redundancy to generate an FEC code for the current frame. The method is applicable to circumstances where FEC is performed for media data of various coding formats.08-16-2012
20120124452SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF PROVIDING ERROR TOLERANT ROBUST SIMPLEX WIRELESS DATA FOR SYSTEMS EMPLOYING TIME CORRELATED DATA TRANSFER - Systems and methods of providing error tolerant robust simplex wireless data for systems employing time correlated data transfer are provided. In one embodiment, a system comprises: sensors that produce samples of time correlated data; and a node coupled to the sensors by a wireless link. The link comprises a primary stream for simplex transmission of data packets, and a secondary stream for simplex transmission of delayed data packets, the delayed data packets a delayed retransmission of the time correlated data. When the node receives a first data packet from a first sensor via the primary stream, the data receiving node check validity. When the first data packet is corrupted, the node validity checks a second data packet received via the secondary stream. When both packets contain corrupted data, the node builds a reconstructed plurality of sequential time correlated data samples based on non-corrupted data samples from within the data packets.05-17-2012
20090132893RECEIVING DEVICE AND DECODING METHOD THEREOF - A receiving device in a communication system that separates one frame of information bits into plural blocks, performs turbo encoding of the information bits of each block and transmits the result, and decodes the encoded information bits, where the receiving device includes plural decoders number of which is less than the number of blocks per frame. Each decoder performs a decoding process on encoded information bits of each block that have been expressed by likelihood, when a condition for stopping decoding is met, executes the decoding process of encoded information bits of another block for which decoding has not yet been performed. When the condition for stopping decoding has been met for all block before the number of times decoding has been performed for each decoder reaches a preset maximum number of repetitions, the decoding results of all the blocks are serially combined, an error detection process is executed, and when no error is detected, the decoding results are output.05-21-2009
20090132892ENCODING AND APPLICATION OF EXTENDED HAMMING CHECKSUM - A method for calculating an extended hamming checksum and applying the extended hamming checksum to a data packet, the method comprising forming a packet extended hamming checksum mask, calculating a hamming code, calculating an extended hamming checksum using the packet extended hamming checksum mask and the hamming code, and inserting the extended hamming checksum into the data packet.05-21-2009
20120317461APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING PACKET IN BROADCASTING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - A method and an apparatus for transmitting and receiving a packet in a broadcasting and communication system are provided. The method and apparatus allows a receiver to recognize data in a packet lost due to data loss occurring in a network. To this end, Forward Error Correction (FEC) control-related information is generated, a packet including the generated FEC control-related information is generated, and the packet is transmitted. The FEC control-related information includes at least one of FEC configuration-related information and FEC encoding configuration-related information.12-13-2012
20120233525METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING THE FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION SCHEME - The present invention relates to a method for optimizing the FEC scheme comprising the steps of (a) receiving a batch of data packets designated for transmission; (b) choosing a number of divisors having no common denominators in accordance with the said batch of data packets; (c) organizing into blocks said batch of data packets a number of times in accordance with the number of divisors using said divisors; and (d) creating a FEC packet for each of said blocks.09-13-2012
20100088577Multi-Mode Forward Error Correction - According to one embodiment, a system for multi-mode forward error correction comprises a substrate, forward error correction (FEC) modules, and a controller. The FEC modules are disposed outwardly from the substrate. A first FEC module performs forward error correction according to a first FEC scheme, and a second FEC module performs forward error correction according to a second FEC scheme. The controller configures the first FEC module and the second FEC module to convert from an input FEC scheme to an output FEC scheme for a stream.04-08-2010
20120131421Receiving Apparatus, Receiving Method and Non-Transitory Computer Readable Recording Medium for Recording Receiving Program - According to one embodiment, a receiving apparatus includes a data packet receiver, a quality reinforcement packet receiver, an information setting module, a packet processor, a recovery processor. The data packet receiver is configured to receive a data packet comprising a data portion. The quality reinforcement packet receiver is configured to receive a quality reinforcement packet comprising a quality reinforcement portion. The information setting module is configured to set the data portion corresponding to a part of information included in the data packet as a recovery process target. The packet processor is configured to determine whether there is a lost data packet based on the received data packet and the quality reinforcement packet. The recovery processor is configured to recover, when there is the lost data packet, at least the data portion set as the recovery process target in the lost data packet by using the data portion set as the recovery process target in a non-lost data packet and the quality reinforcement portion corresponding thereto.05-24-2012
20120131420Method and Apparatus for Non-uniform Redundancy Packet Error Correction - A method for correcting at least one error in a data transmission over a packet-based communication network includes the steps of: generating a sequence of data packets for transmission over the packet-based communication network, the sequence of data packets being arranged into a plurality of packet frames, each of at least a subset of the packet frames including at least a primary data packet and a number of redundant data packets which is a function of a prescribed redundancy pattern, the subset of packet frames having a non-uniform distribution of redundant data packets therein; transmitting the sequence of data packets over the communication network; and recovering at least one missing data packet in the sequence of data packets using at least one corresponding redundant data packet in at least one subsequently received packet frame when the missing data packet is identified in a receiver of the sequence of data packets.05-24-2012
20110185263HI-SPLIT UPSTREAM DESIGN FOR DOCSIS - In one embodiment, upstream transmission throughput in a cable network is markedly increased by moving up the US/DS frequency split by approximately an order of magnitude to a few hundred MHz. Additional transceivers (carriers) may be implemented to take advantage of the broader spectrum. A block of multiple upstream carriers (FIG. 07-28-2011
20110185262ERROR MANAGEMENT - An electronic device is described which receives data from a transmitting device via a communications channel. The electronic device comprises digital processing circuitry arranged to process the data received via the communications channel to generate output data, error detection circuitry arranged to detect errors in the output data, and monitoring circuitry arranged to monitor the quality of digital processing conducted by the digital processing circuitry and generate digital performance data indicative of the monitored quality of digital processing. The electronic device also comprises control circuitry responsive to error information comprising errors detected by the error detection circuitry and the performance data generated by the monitoring circuitry to modify the operation of one or both of the transmitting device and the electronic device. The digital performance data provides the control circuitry with additional information for use in identifying where errors in signal processing are arising, enabling an informed decision be made to modify the operation of either the transmitting device or receiving device in some way, either to reduce the occurrence of errors in the output signal or to improve the speed and/or efficiency of the transmitter and/or receiver. 07-28-2011
20100299578APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA - A transmitting apparatus in a transport network performs forward error correcting encoding for each virtual lane set as a multiple of the transmission channels, to generate virtual frames including independent parity bytes for each virtual lane. The generated virtual frames are transmitted through at least one transmission channel. In addition, a receiving apparatus detects the virtual frames for each virtual lane from a signal received through a transmission channel by using a frame assignment sequence, and performs forward error correcting decoding by using the parity bytes included in the virtual frames detected for each virtual lane.11-25-2010
20100050054EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF HEADER SPACE FOR ERROR CORRECTION IN AGGREGATE FRAMES - An apparatus for wireless communications is disclosed that includes a processing system configured to generate a first data packet and thereafter a second data packet, wherein each of the first and second data packets including a header and data, the processing system being further configured to generate an error correction code associated with the first data packet and embed the error correction code in the header of the second data packet.02-25-2010
20100050055DATA RECEIVING APPARATUS, DATA RECEIVING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM - A data receiving method according to the present invention includes: storing received packets in a data storing unit; storing, in a data-storage-information storing unit, information indicating data portions are stored; specifying FEC parameters of column FEC packets and row FEC packets; specifying a leading FEC packet using at least SNBase of a first column FEC packet and SNBase of a second column FEC packet or a row FEC packet; specifying an FEC packet group corresponding to a matrix same as a matrix of the leading FEC packet; selecting one FEC packet from the FEC packet group; judging whether restoration processing can be performed by using the selected FEC packet; storing, when a lost data packet is restored, the restored data packet in the data storing unit; and storing, in the data-storage-information storing unit, information indicating that the restored data packet is present.02-25-2010
20100050058METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA PACKETS - Forward Error Correction (FEC) coding is performed on data packets to generate verifying packets; corresponding information independent of a packet sequence number (SN) and denoting a corresponding relation between the data packets and the verifying packets is carried in the data packets, or in the verifying packets, or in the data packets and the verifying packets; the data packets and the verifying packets are transmitted by using a protocol based on a User Datagram Protocol (UDP). A method for receiving data packets and devices for transmitting and receiving data packets are further described. Thus, a receiving terminal correctly can recover lost data packets after a relay device modifies the packet SN.02-25-2010
20100050057FEC ARCHITECTURE FOR STREAMING SERVICES INCLUDING SYMBOL BASED OPERATIONS AND PACKET TAGGING - In a packet communications system stream data is transported over a channel over which packet loss or corruption is possible, with forward error correction (“FEC”) information. A transmitter receives source packets comprising source data, generates FEC source packets formatted to allow for identification of lost or corrupted source packets at a receiver, arranges source data from the source packets into a plurality of source symbols wherein at least one source packet is arranged into more than one source symbol, associates a plurality of source symbols with a source block, generates a plurality of repair symbols from the source block according to a predetermined FEC encoding process and groups the plurality of repair symbols into one or more FEC repair packets associated with the source block. A receiver can use the FEC repair symbols from the FEC repair packets to recover source symbols, as needed.02-25-2010
20100050056RECEIVER FOR REDUCING POWER CONSUMPTION AND DIGITAL BROADCAST RECEIVING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A receiver includes a frame boundary detector and a link controller. The frame boundary detector receives a plurality of transport stream (TS) packets and generates a control signal based on boundary information of the TS packets. The link controller disables a part of the receiver to disable forwarding of subsequent TS packets in response to the control signal. Each of the TS packets is a multi protocol encapsulation (MPE) section or a multi protocol encapsulation-forward error correction (MPE-FEC) section.02-25-2010
20100275105ERROR CORRECTING METHOD AND DEVICE - The invention concerns a method of correcting errors in a data stream of at least one image, implemented in a data reception device, said at least one image being cut up into image portions, said stream being coded by image portion and divided into data packets, the method comprising a step of detecting at least one lost data packet and being characterized in that it comprises the following steps: 10-28-2010
20090327842RECOVERY FROM BURST PACKET LOSS IN INTERNET PROTOCOL BASED WIRELESS NETWORKS USING STAGGERCASTING AND CROSS-PACKET FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION - A method and system for transmitting data are described including packetizing the data, performing forward error correction (FEC) encoding on the packetized data in order to generate a parity packet, appending FEC information as padding to the end of payload data of the packetized data and transmitting the packetized data and the at least one parity packet. Also described are a method and system for recovering from loss of a packet including receiving a data packet, receiving a parity packet, buffering the received data packet, detecting packet loss, forward error correction decoding the parity packet to recover from packet loss using forward error correction information extracted from the data packet and from the parity packet and forwarding the recovered packet via an internal socket. Also described is a method for staggercasting.12-31-2009
20080301535FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION MAPPING AND DE-MAPPING TECHNIQUES - Briefly, techniques to provide varying levels of enhanced forward error correction without modifying a line rate of a frame.12-04-2008
20110004808SYSTEMS, PROCESSES AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FOR RATE AND/OR DIVERSITY ADAPTATION FOR PACKET COMMUNICATIONS - A media over packet networking appliance provides a network interface, a voice transducer, and at least one integrated circuit assembly coupling the voice transducer to the network interface. The at least one integrated circuit assembly provides media over packet transmissions and holds bits defining reconstruction of a packet stream having a primary stage and a secondary stage. The secondary stage has one or more of linear predictive coding parameters, long term prediction lags, parity check, and adaptive and fixed codebook gains. The packet stream has an instance of single packet loss, and the reconstruction includes receiving a packet sequence represented by P(n)P(n−1)′, [Lost Packet], P(n+2)P(n+1)′, and P(n+3)P(n+2)′, obtaining as information from the secondary stage one or more of the linear predictive coding parameters, long term prediction lags, parity check, and adaptive and fixed codebook gains, and performing an excitation reconstruction utilizing said packet sequence thus received.01-06-2011
20110131474ENCODING AND DECODING METHOD, AND ENCODING AND DECODING DEVICES WITH A TWO-STAGE ERROR PROTECTION PROCESS - An encoding method and device are provided for a series of data packets transmitted in the framework of a combined streaming and downloading application by a two-stage error protection process and only one unidirectional transmission channel. A partial block of successive data packets is protected against some transmission errors occurring during streaming with the aid of a first error protection process while all data packets are protected against the transmission errors that can remain after streaming is completed with the aid of a second error protection process. In a decoding process, a series of data packets that are encoded according to the encoding are decoded.06-02-2011
20120324315LOW BANDWIDTH PHY FOR WLAN - A method includes generating first and second data units corresponding to first and second PHY modes, respectively. Generating the first data unit includes FEC encoding first information bits, mapping the FEC-encoded bits to first constellation symbols, and generating first OFDM symbols to include the first constellation symbols. The first OFDM symbols utilize a first tone spacing, and include a first number of non-zero tones collectively spanning a first bandwidth. Generating the second data unit includes FEC encoding second information bits, block encoding the FEC-encoded bits, mapping the block-encoded bits to second constellation symbols, and generating second OFDM symbols to include the second constellation symbols. The second OFDM symbols utilize the first tone spacing, and include a second number of non-zero tones collectively spanning a second bandwidth less than the first bandwidth. The second number of non-zero tones is less than the first number of non-zero tones.12-20-2012
20120272124Method and System for Recovering Lost Media Data Packets - The present invention discloses a method for recovering lost media data packets, and the method includes: a stream media server sending and buffering a media data stream; a client receiving and buffering the media data stream, and sending a negative-acknowledge (NACK) message to the stream media server when the client detects that the buffered media data stream has lost media data packets, the stream media server setting forward error correction (FEC) coding redundancy and acquiring the media data packets needing to be recovered from the media data stream buffered in itself, encoding the media data packets needing to be recovered into FEC data according to the FEC coding redundancy, and sending the FEC data to the client; with combination of the received FEC data and the media data stream buffered in the client itself, the client recovering the lost media data packets in the media data stream.10-25-2012
20110276860METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DEMULTIPLEXER DESIGN FOR MULTI-EDGE TYPE LDPC CODED MODULATION - A method involves receiving an LDPC coded bitstream and demultiplexing the received LDPC coded bitstream using an optimized demultiplexer, the optimized demultiplexer being designed by: 11-10-2011
20100229073ENCODING AND ERROR CORRECTION SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED PERFORMANCE OF LEGACY COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS - A system includes a header stripper configured to strip header data from a plurality of legacy system frames. Each of the plurality of legacy system frames (i) being in accordance with a legacy system frame format and (ii) including a header block and a traffic channel block. A first encoder is configured to encode speech data for a plurality of slots of the traffic channel blocks. A second encoder is configured to encode the stripped header data as a frame header. A combiner is configured to combine the frame header and the encoded speech data to generate a frame. A segmenter segments the frame into a plurality of segments. A transmitter is configured to transmit the plurality of segments as traffic channel data in accordance with the legacy system frame format.09-09-2010
20100229072APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REDUCING POWER CONSUMPTION IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - An apparatus and method for reducing power consumption in a mobile communication system are provided. The apparatus includes a time slicing processor. When a frame border of the last section for determining a burst reception end time is not detected during a burst reception operation, the time slicing processor receives a burst enough to restore the whole MPE-FEC frame to the former state or receives an early burst reception end request for notifying that it is impossible to restore the whole MPE-FEC frame to the former state, and terminates the burst reception process.09-09-2010
20100229071Interconnections techniques - Techniques are described that can be used to extend the data transmission rate specified by 10 GBASE-KR of IEEE 802.3ap (2007) to more than 10 Gb/s using a multiple lane backplane. A signal for transmission over 10 Gb/s can be divided into multiple streams for transmission over multiple lanes. Multiple transceiver pairs can be used for transmission and receipt of the multiple streams. Each transceiver pair may comply with 10 GBASE-KR of IEEE 802.3ap (2007).09-09-2010
20120290900METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING PACKET MASK - A method and apparatus generates a forward error correcting code for use with a plurality of source packets to be transmitted over a network. In one exemplary embodiment, the method comprises identifying a plurality of candidate packet masks and selecting that one of the masks that has the lowest expected residual packet loss value (“RPL”). RPL is calculated using an effective recovery rate, which is in turn is a function of at least one network performance parameter (such as packet loss) and one or more channel code parameters such as the number of source packets and/or FEC packets. The error correcting code can be generated using the selected packet mask and at least one of the source packets.11-15-2012
20100199152Systems and Methods of Deferred Error Recovery - Systems and methods of deferred error recovery in a digital home communications terminal are disclosed. One such method comprises: receiving packets at a delivery rate; filling a decoder buffer from frames in the received packets while bypassing an error recovery buffer; after the level of the decoder buffer reaches an underrun threshold, decoding from the frames in the decoder buffer; and after beginning to decode, filling the error recovery buffer from the received packets and filling the decoder buffer from frames output from the error recovery buffer.08-05-2010
20130013983STRUCTURED LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK (LDPC) CODE - Example methods are disclosed for encoding variable sized data using a low-density parity-check (LDPC) code, and transporting the encoded variable sized data in modulated symbols. Example methods involve calculating a minimum number of modulated symbols capable of transmitting a data packet; selecting a codeword size suitable for transmitting the data packet; calculating a number of shortening N01-10-2013
20130013982METHOD FOR GENERATING FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION PACKET IN MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION PACKET - A method and apparatus for transmitting a Forward Error Correction (FEC) packet block including a plurality of FEC packets in a multimedia system are provided. The method includes generating a plurality of first FEC packet blocks by performing a first FEC encoding on a plurality of source symbols, each of the plurality of first FEC packet blocks including at least one source packet and at least one repair packet for repair of each of the at least one source packet, generating a second FEC packet block by performing a second FEC encoding on the plurality of first FEC packet blocks, the second FEC packet block including at least one repair packet for the plurality of first FEC packet blocks, and transmitting the second FEC packet block that includes, in header information of each of the at least one source packet and the at least one repair packet.01-10-2013
20100131829SCHEDULING DATA WITH TIME DIVERSITY IN FLOW SYSTEMS - Methods and systems are described for scheduling data in an FLO system. The method may include turbo encoding the data, and dividing a packet of the turbo-coded data into a plurality of subpackets. The method may include scheduling the turbo-coded packet of data so as to distribute the data across multiple frames of a superframe, by transmitting each one of the subpackets during a different frame of the superframe to increase time diversity. The turbo-coded packet of data may comprise systematic bits and parity bits. The method may include separately scheduling the systematic bits and the parity bits during different frames of the superframe.05-27-2010
20120151302BROADCAST MULTIMEDIA STORAGE AND ACCESS USING PAGE MAPS WHEN ASYMMETRIC MEMORY IS USED - A receiving device for storing and accessing data transmitted from a source, the data generated from transport objects comprises multimedia content that uses a forward error correction code, is subject to network losses, and/or is transported interleaved. The device includes a receiving module configured to store the data in first access memory according to a page format, write the data formatted as pages to physical storage media, and generate a page structure map describing a relationship between the data written and a data structure of the multimedia content. An access module receives a request for a portion of the multimedia content, determines pages of data from the physical storage medium as including data corresponding to the requested portion according to the page structure map, stores the determined pages, and decodes the data corresponding to the requested portion from a requesting module. A media player receives the requested portion for consumption.06-14-2012
20130024750TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - When a first communication device receives a predetermined message from a second communication device via a third line (L01-24-2013
20130173998Wireless transport framework with uncoded transport tunneling - Wireless transport of multiple service versions of a transport framework. First and second information may be processed for transmission, respectively, according to first and second service versions of a transport framework. The first and second information may be encoded using a first type of error correction coding; after processing, the processed first information may include error correction coding according to the first type of error correction coding, while the processed second information may remain uncoded according to the first type of error correction coding. Control information may be generated indicating that the second information remains uncoded according to the first type of error correction coding, which may signal to receivers that the second information is processed according to the second service version of the transport framework. Packets including the processed first information, the processed second information, and the control information may be generated and transmitted in a wireless manner.07-04-2013
20080250299Method of Transmitting Digital Data Packets and Device Implementing the Method and Receiver - The invention relates to a method of transmitting digital data packets protected by error correction packets and more precisely the manner of inserting these correction packets into the data packet stream so as to increase the correction effectiveness of the error correction method while limiting the latency introduced into the transmission. The packets are set out in matrix form, error packets are computed on lines and columns and are inserted regularly into the stream at a sufficient distance from the data packets that they protect.10-09-2008
20080222495Data storage apparatus - A data storage apparatus with multiple-modes for error detecting and correcting is disclosed, comprising a controller, a data storage media, and a multiple-modes error detecting and correcting device, wherein the multiple-modes error detecting and correcting device is provided within the controller, wherein the controller further comprises a ECC register electrically connected with a codec, a status and timing controller, a error formula generator, an error position solver, and a multiple-modes adjusting controller, wherein the multiple-modes adjusting controller can be used to control the codec, the error formula generator, or the error position solver, accordingly, a final-selected-mode error detecting and correcting device can be set up, thus, the detecting circuit can be miniaturized and the detecting efficiency of the error correction code can be improved.09-11-2008
20080222494COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION METHOD AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM - There is provided with a communication method including: attempting to receive a media packet from a network; storing a received media packet in a first buffering unit; receiving an FEC packet including redundant data to recover a lost media packet and information which specifies a plurality of media packets associated with the redundant data; storing a received FEC packet in a second buffering unit; selecting the FEC packet from the second buffering unit; dividing FEC operation processing to be carried out using the redundant data included in selected FEC packet and the media packets related to the redundant data into a plurality of processes and sequentially carrying out each process so that one process is carried out every time the receiving of a media packet is attempted; and inserting a media packet recovered through the FEC operation processing in the first buffering unit.09-11-2008
20130179757ERROR CORRECT CODING DEVICE, ERROR CORRECT CODING METHOD, AND ERROR CORRECT CODING PROGRAM - Disclosed are an encoding apparatus for a quasi-cyclic low-density parity check code for calculating r×m-bit redundant data for information data of length k×m bits (k, m and r are positive integers), and a cyclic addition apparatus including a k×m-bit shift register and exclusive OR. With information data of a length of k×m×L bits (L≦k), a length of (r×m×(L+1)+k×m) bits is calculated as redundant data by adding redundant data of a length of r×m×L bits calculated using the encoding apparatus L times, k×m-bit data calculated by inputting the information data of a length of k×m×L bits to the cyclic addition apparatus, and r×m-bit redundant data calculated by inputting the k×m-bit data to the encoding apparatus.07-11-2013
20130179755SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LOW DENSITY PARITY CHECK TONE MAPPING - This disclosure provides systems, methods, and apparatus, including non-transitory computer-readable medium for tone mapping an error correction code for 1 MHz OFDM transmission. In one aspect, a wireless communications apparatus is provided. The wireless communications apparatus includes a tone mapper configured to tone map at least error correction codeword to data tones of an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol based on an error correction code tone mapping distance selected from the group consisting of 2, 3, and 4. The OFDM symbol has twenty four data tones, at least one pilot tone, a DC tone, and at least one guard tone. The wireless communications apparatus further includes a transmit module configured to transmit the at least one tone mapped error correction codeword using about a 1 MHz OFDM transmission mode.07-11-2013
20130179756Selective merge and partial reuse LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) code construction for limited number of layers Belief Propagation (BP) decoding - Selective merge and partial reuse LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) code construction for limited number of layers Belief Propagation (BP) decoding. Multiple LDPC matrices may be generated from a base code, such that multiple/distinct LDPC coded signals may be encoded and/or decoded within a singular communication device. Generally speaking, a first LDPC matrix is modified in accordance with one or more operations thereby generating a second LDPC matrix, and the second LDPC matrix is employed in accordance with encoding an information bit thereby generating an LDPC coded signal (alternatively performed using an LDPC generator matrix corresponding to the LDPC matrix) and/or decoding processing of an LDPC coded signal thereby generating an estimate of an information bit encoded therein. The operations performed on the first LDPC matrix may be any one of, or combination of, selectively merging, deleting, partially re-using one or more sub-matrix rows, and/or partitioning sub-matrix rows.07-11-2013
20120254701MODULATOR AND MODULATION METHOD - A transmitter apparatus wherein a relatively simple structure is used to suppress burst errors without changing the block sizes of encoded blocks even when the number of modulation multi-values is increased. An encoding part subjects transport data to a block encoding process to form block encoded data. A modulating part modulates the block encoded data to form data symbols; and an arranging (interleaving) part arranges (interleaves) the block encoded data in such a manner that the intra-block encoded data of the encoded blocks, which include their respective single different data symbol, get together, and then supplies the arranged (interleaved) block encoded data to the modulating part. In this way, there can be provided a transmitter apparatus wherein a relatively simple structure is used to suppress burst errors without changing the block sizes of encoded blocks even when the number of modulation multi-values is increased.10-04-2012
20130097474APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION PACKET IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - An apparatus and method for transmitting/receiving a Forward Error Correction (FEC) packet in a mobile communication system are provided. In the FEC packet transmission method, an FEC packet transmission apparatus transmits an FEC delivery block to an FEC packet reception apparatus, wherein the FEC delivery block includes K source payloads and P parity payloads, each of the K source payloads and the P parity payloads includes a payload header, and each of the payload headers includes length information related to a length of a related payload.04-18-2013
20130104006APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - Disclosed are an apparatus and a method for transmitting data so as to maximally recover lost data packets by a forward error correction (FEC) scheme in a wireless communication based internet protocol (IP) network. The apparatus for transmitting data confirms a state of data samples according to data patterns of data patterns to be transmitted through a wireless channel, calculates state probabilities of the data samples according to the state of the data samples, determines the generation of redundant data packets of the data packets based on the state probabilities of the data samples, generates the redundant data packets using the data packets according to the determination of the generation of the redundant data packets, and transmits the data packets and the redundant data packets through the wireless channel.04-25-2013
20130132803ENCODING METHOD, DECODING METHOD, ENCODING DEVICE, AND DECODING DEVICE - The embodiments of the present invention provide an encoding and decoding method and device. The encoding method includes: equally dividing input K-bit information into n blocks, where k05-23-2013
20130151932METHOD FOR RECOVERY OF LOST DATA AND FOR CORRECTION OF CORRUPTED DATA - A method for recovery of lost data and for correction of corrupted data transmitted from a sending device to a receiver device, the method comprising the steps: encoding the data by an encoder connected to the sending device, transmitting the data from the sending device to the receiver device via a transmitting device, and decoding the data by a decoder connected to the receiver device, whereby lost and/or corrupted data is recovered during decoding is conducted by solving the system of equations of a parity check matrix H.06-13-2013
20100318882Method and Module for Correcting Transmission Errors in a Datastream - The subject of the present invention is a method for correcting transmission errors in a data stream transmitted by a communications system using a protocol stack. According to the invention, the method consists in utilizing the redundancy of sequences whose content is fixed across several layers in a stack of protocols so as to correct transmission errors; the method consisting to this end in searching at the level of the receiver for sequences corresponding to a known sequence present in the stream received and doing so by detecting sequences similar to this known sequence, non-similar sequences not being retained; the method consisting furthermore, when similar sequences are present, in detecting transmission errors in the known sequence and in modifying the similar sequences (erroneous sequences) with the aid of the known sequence.12-16-2010
20130159817METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION IN A MULTI-INPUT AND MULTI-OUTPUT CHANNEL DISTRIBUTING A CODE WORD BETWEEN SEVERAL MAPPING MATRICES, AND CORRESPONDING COMPUTER PROGRAM - A method for transmitting a source binary sequence, including at least one source word, in a transmission channel, The method includes the following steps, for at least one source word: error-correcting encoding the source word, outputting a code word; matrix mapping the code word, distributing bits constituting the code word within at least two mapping matrices, which are reversible and observe a criterion of uniqueness in the cancellation of a syndrome associated with the code word; and consecutively transmitting the at least two mapping matrices.06-20-2013
20130185613SYSTEMS, METHODS, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS FOR HIGHLY RELIABLE FILE DELIVERY USING COMPOUND AND BRAIDED FEC ENCODING AND DECODING - Systems, methods, apparatus and computer program products provide highly reliable file delivery using a combination of packet-level FEC on source data packets which are arranged in matrices, where encoding is performed on both rows and columns or on rows, columns and diagonals.07-18-2013
20130191707MODIFIED JOINT SOURCE CHANNEL DECODER - A turbo decoder is configured to perform iterative decoding of data bits of a data packet received via a source signal to converge on a “soft” decision representation for each data bit of the data packet. The turbo decoder includes both an interleaved decoder and a non-interleaved decoder that work collaboratively to refine and improve the “soft” decision of each of the originally-received data bits. The interleaved decoder and the non-interleaved decoder are injected with extrinsic information based on at least a-priori information of the source signal. The turbo decoder avoids positive feedback of the a-priori information regarding the source signal from one decoder to the other by subtracting out extrinsic information based on the a-priori information that is injected into a decoder from the “soft” decision(s) determined by the decoder.07-25-2013
20130198590METHOD OF REDUCING PEAK-TO-AVERAGE POWER RATIO, CUBIC METRIC AND BLOCK ERROR RATE IN OFDM SYSTEMS USING NETWORK CODING - Disclosed in a novel scheme to jointly reduce and trade-off Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) and a Block Error Rate (BLER) using random network coding. To do this, the different representations of the input information block are generated using a special form of network coding matrices. Further, the encoded block puncturing is utilized to improve in the PAPR against a degradation in the BLER.08-01-2013
20120060075TECHNIQUES FOR UL MU MIMO SIGNALING AND ERROR HANDLING - An embodiment of the present invention provides a wireless station (STA), comprising a transceiver operable for communicating in a wireless network, wherein the transceiver is adapted to use signaling that enables the wireless station to communicate necessary information including a desired modulation coding scheme (MCS).03-08-2012
20130205184SOFT DECISION VALUE GENERATION CIRCUIT - A soft decision value generation circuit capable of reducing amount of calculation and hardware scale for generating a soft decision value. The soft decision value generation circuit includes: a phase rotation unit rotating phases of received symbols after coherent detection; addition units calculating, by using the phase-rotated received symbols, absolute values of soft decision values for soft decision value candidates restricted in advance; minimum value selection units selecting minimum values out of the absolute values of the soft decision values; sign reflection units reflecting, based on the phases of the received symbols after the phase rotation, sign information to the minimum values; and soft decision value correction units multiplying outputs of the sign reflection units by a coefficient depending on a noise variance value and an amplitude value of a modulation symbol.08-08-2013
20130091406METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ROUTING IN LOW DENSITY PARITY CHECK (LDPC) DECODERS - An approach is provided for decoding a low density parity check (LDPC) coded signal. Edge values associated with a structured parity check matrix used to generate the LDPC coded signal are retrieved from memory. The edge values specify the relationship of bit nodes and check nodes, and are stored within memory according to a predetermined scheme that permits concurrent retrieval of a set of the edge values. A decoded signal corresponding to the LDPC coded signal is output based on the retrieved edge values.04-11-2013

Patent applications in class For packet or frame multiplexed data