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Measured signal processing

Subclass of:

702 - Data processing: measuring, calibrating, or testing


Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
702190000 Signal extraction or separation (e.g., filtering) 103
702198000 Measurement conversion processing (e.g., true-to-RMS value) 5
20130211789METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SIGNAL PERIOD STRETCH AND ULTRA-FAST SERIAL-TO-PARALLEL/PARALLEL-TO-SERIAL CONVERSION - Disclosed are a method and a device for signal period stretch and ultra-fast serial-to-parallel/parallel-to-serial conversion, which relate to the technical field of analysis and measurement control. The method is to change a propagation velocity of a target signal or displacement-reflecting the target signal, so as to extend or compress the period of the signal. Displacement-reflection is to generate a Doppler shift through interaction of the displacement of a reflecting plate with the target signal, so as to achieve period stretch; for a signal transmitted through a medium, the propagation velocity of the target signal is changed by changing the property of the medium, so as to achieve period stretch; for a signal ascribed to an electron flow, the movement velocity of the electron beam is changed through a varying acceleration field, so as to achieve period stretch. A target signal condensing/diffusing and collimating lens, a synchronous signal controller and a plurality of period stretch devices are utilized to achieve ultra-fast serial-to-parallel/parallel-to-serial signal conversion. Thereby, a device that originally cannot work at the frequency spectrum of the target signal is enabled to observe, transmit and parse content of the original target signal.08-15-2013
20110202316SPECTRUM ANALYZER USING MULTIPLE INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCIES AND MULTIPLE CLOCK CONFIGURATIONS FOR RESIDUAL, SPURIOUS AND IMAGE SIGNAL REDUCTION - A spectrum analyzer for measuring an RF signal over a selected frequency span configured to use multiple Intermediate Frequencies (IFs) for residual, spurious and image signal reduction. The spectrum analyzer has both a primary IF path and a secondary IF path configured to provide band pass filtering of the IF signals. A master clock synthesizer is configured to reduce residual noise by providing from a single Voltage Controlled Oscillator, a master clock signal and a Local Oscillator (LO) signal. The spectrum analyzer has a microcontroller configured to change the frequency of the master clock signal and the LO signal if the center frequency of the selected span is sufficiently close to a known spurious signal.08-18-2011
20100131243Apparatus for Measuring Distortion Power Quality Index and Method of Operating the Apparatus - A method of measuring a power quality index, including: measuring a total current waveform of an ingress from a customer, and a current waveform and a voltage waveform of each of at least one load installed at the customer; computing a load composition (LC) of the customer using the total current waveform of the ingress and the current waveform of each of the at least one load; computing a total harmonic distortion (THD) of each of the at least one load using the current waveform and the voltage waveform of each of the at least one load; and computing a distortion power quality index (DPQI) of each of the at least one load using the LC and the THD.05-27-2010
20120303331ADAPTER BETWEEN SCALE AND VITAL SIGNS MONITOR - A method, an adapter and a system including a medical device and an adapter. The adapter receives patient scale data (e.g., height and weight data) from a scale. The patient scale data is in a first format data generally not interpretable by a vital sign monitoring device. The adapter translates the patient scale data into a second format compatible with the vital sign monitoring device. The adapter then outputs the translated data to the vital sign monitoring device. The scale and adapter may be coupled via a universal serial bus (USB) connection. The adapter and vital sign monitoring device may be coupled via one of a USB connection and an RS-232 connection. The patient data may be stored in an electronic health records (EHR) database by the vital sign monitoring device.11-29-2012
20100004901System and method for transforming data between the time domain and the combustion pulse domain - A method for transforming machine sensor data between a time domain and a combustion pulse domain is disclosed. The method may include determining a number of pulse events per rotation of a shaft and determining a sampling rate per pulse event. The method may also include sampling one or more sensors at the sampling rate per pulse event. The method also may include transforming the samples into the combustion pulse domain.01-07-2010
702199000 Averaging 1
20100161286COMPENSATING FOR FREQUENCY FLUCTUATION IN DIRECTIONAL SYSTEMS - A system for measuring signals received by an apparatus. An antenna system in the apparatus may include two or more antennas. A receiver in the apparatus may be configured to measure signal response induced in the antenna system in accordance with a pattern. After the signal response for the antenna system is measured at least once, the pattern may be altered and the signal response for the antenna system may be measured again in accordance with the altered pattern. The signal response in the antenna system measured for the pattern may then be averaged with the signal response in the antenna system measured for the altered pattern, and the average may be utilized as input to, for example, a directional determination process.06-24-2010
20130030769SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS, RADAR APPARATUS, AND SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD - Provided is a signal processing apparatus configured to calculate an angle of a detection point corresponding to an object on the basis of received signals of a plurality of array antennas. A beat signal is generated by a difference between a transmitted signal and a received signal. Digital data is derived through AD conversion of the beat signal. The digital data is divided into a plurality of data groups. A fast Fourier transform is performed on the data groups to acquire a plurality of transformed data corresponding to the number of the data groups. The transformed data are divided into a plurality of sets, correlation matrices for the respective sets are acquired, and an average value of the correlation matrices is calculated. The angle of the detection point is calculated on the basis of the average value of the correlation matrices.01-31-2013
20130030768KALMAN FILTERING AND INFERENTIAL SENSING FOR A SYSTEM WITH UNCERTAIN DYNAMICS - A method and system include a system with uncertain parameters having a deterministic input, a noise calculator coupled to an output of the uncertain system to generate an equivalent noise covariance matrix, and a stochastic system with known parameters coupled to receive the deterministic input and the equivalent noise covariance matrix to provide an output. The process noise with equivalent process noise covariance matrix provides additional input to the system with known parameters to provide the same output uncertainty as in the system with uncertain parameters.01-31-2013
20100042374SAMPLING METHOD, RECONSTRUCTION METHOD, AND DEVICE FOR SAMPLING AND/OR RECONSTRUCTING SIGNALS - Reconstruction method for reconstructing a first signal (x(t)) regularly sampled at a sub-Nyquist rate, comprising the step of retrieving from the regularly spaced sampled values (y02-18-2010
20130211788Method and System for Providing Data Communication in Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Management System - Method and apparatus for providing a data stream generator that generates a data stream associated with a monitored analyte level, and a radio frequency logic portion operatively coupled to the data stream generator, the radio frequency logic portion configured to generate a radio frequency data stream based on the data stream generated from the data stream generator, the radio frequency logic portion further including one or more finite state machines and a plurality of discrete digital logic circuits, the one or more finite state machines configured to control the plurality of digital logic circuits to generate the radio frequency data stream for wireless communication are provided. Systems and kits incorporating the same are also provided.08-15-2013
20110191066Method and Apparatus for Synchronization of Test and Measurement Apparatuses - A synchronization apparatus and method for synchronizing a plurality of test and measurement apparatuses or signal generators are provided. A trigger selector is provided or for selecting from a plurality of triggers to be provided to the plurality of test and measurement apparatuses. A trigger enabled input is also provided for receiving a trigger enabled signal from each of the plurality of test and measurement apparatuses and a synchronizing block is provided for generating a single synchronized time stamp signal with the selected trigger and the trigger enabled inputs. A plurality of trigger outputs are also provided for providing the time stamp signal to a trigger input of each of the plurality of test and measurement apparatuses.08-04-2011
20100010778CRASH SENSOR AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AT LEAST ONE MEASURING SIGNAL - In a crash sensor and a method for processing a measured value of the crash sensor, at least one measured quantity is detected by a sensor element and a first rewritable memory is provided in which first data for influencing the processing of the at least one measured quantity are stored. In addition, a second hardwired memory is provided in which second data for influencing the processing are stored. A logic module is provided which loads the first or second data, as a function of a test of the first memory, for processing the at least one measured quantity.01-14-2010
20110196652ESTIMATING POLYNOMIAL GENERATING DEVICE, ESTIMATING DEVICE, ESTIMATING POLYNOMIAL GENERATING METHOD, AND ESTIMATING METHOD - An estimating polynomial generating device, comprising: an analysis data storing portion for storing analysis data comprising combinations of input parameter data and output parameter data; a function surface storing portion for storing an equation for a function surface that limits the relationship between an input parameter and an output parameter after homothetic conversion; a homothetic conversion equation storing portion for storing homothetic conversion equations for performing homothetic conversion on the input parameter and the output parameter; a homothetic conversion parameter searching portion for searching for and establishing factors for the homothetic conversion equations using the analysis data, the equation for the function surface, and the homothetic conversion equations; and an estimating polynomial calculating portion for calculating an estimating polynomial, for estimating an output parameter value from an input parameter value, by combining the equation for the function surface and the homothetic conversion equations wherein the factors have been established.08-11-2011
20120179424SENSOR AND SENSOR NETWORK AND METHOD FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF - A sensor for measuring at least one measurement variable, a sensor network which has several sensors and a method for operating the sensor network. The sensor initially has a measurement variable sensor which is used to convert the measurement variable into an electric signal. A transducer is used to convert the electric signal into measurement data. The sensor has a first communication interface for transferring the measurement data and other data in accordance with a first protocol and a second communication interface for transferring the measurement data and other data in accordance with a second protocol. The sensor also has a data exchange unit for exchanging data between the transducer, the first communication interface and the second communication interface.07-12-2012
20110202315DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OFFSET COMPENSATION BASED ON HYSTERESIS TRACKING - A signal processor for removing at least one unintended signal component from an input signal (ua) is proposed. The signal processor includes a filter device (08-18-2011
20130080118Partitioning Medical Binary Decision Diagrams for Size Optimization - In particular embodiments, a method includes accessing a first binary decision diagram (BDD) representing data streams from sensors, selecting portions from the first BDD, constructing a second BDD representing the selected portions and a third BDD representing the non-selected portions, determining sizes of the first, second, and third BDDs, and if the size of the first BDD is less than a sum of the sizes of the second and third BDDs, then storing the first BDD, else storing the second and third BDDs.03-28-2013
20130041628APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISTINGUISHING ENERGY BANDS OF PHOTONS IN MULTI-ENERGY RADIATION - An apparatus for distinguishing an energy band of a photon in a readout circuit that counts photons in multi-energy radiation incident onto a sensor for each energy band includes an integrator configured to accumulate an electric signal received from the sensor that has undergone photoelectric conversion from the photon; a comparator configured to compare an accumulated electric signal received from the integrator with one of a plurality of threshold values; and a signal processor configured to instruct sequential switching from one of the plurality of threshold values to another one of the plurality of threshold values according to a result of a comparison received from the comparator; and output a digital signal that distinguishes an energy band of the photon based on results received from the comparator of sequential comparisons of the accumulated electric signal with the plurality of threshold values.02-14-2013
20100042373SIGNAL MEASURING DEVICE AND SIGNAL MEASURING METHOD - A signal measuring device, comprises one set, or a plurality of sets, of measuring unit(s) measuring an object of measurement in synch with a driving clock signal for measurement and outputting result of measurement as first data, and a timing identification unit which, in accordance with a measurement-start command, outputs a value, which differs every period, as second data in synch with a reference signal having a prescribed period and a speed lower than that of the driving clock signal; and a storage unit collecting and successively storing the first data and the second data as one set in synch with the driving clock signal.02-18-2010
20100042372Virtual metering - Methods for improving the accuracy of characterizing unmonitored paths or virtual meters in a utility system. The hierarchical arrangement of IEDs in the utility system is determined. Measured quantities of a characteristic of the utility being monitored are received and error-adjusted using statistical or absolute methods. The statistical method accounts for the mean and standard deviation associated with error measurements of the subject IED, and the absolute method uses the absolute value of the error measurement, expressed as a percentage, to produce ranges of measured quantities within an error tolerance. The differences between the error-adjusted quantities are analyzed to determine whether an unmonitored path exists, and if so, whether the virtual meter is consuming or supplying the utility. The order in which IEDs are read is determined so that a parent and its children are read in sequence to increase synchronicity of the received data and the virtual meter evaluation.02-18-2010
20100042371EVENT-DETECTION IN MULTI-CHANNEL SENSOR-SIGNAL STREAMS - Multiple parallel signal streams are produced by the sensors (02-18-2010
20120215495PARTICLE RADIATION MONITORING APPARATUS, RECORDING MEDIUM TO RETAIN PARTICLE RADIATION MONITORING PROGRAM, AND PARTICLE RADIATION MONITORING METHOD - A particle radiation monitoring apparatus according to one aspect of the present invention includes a detecting unit to detect radioactive ray information of braking radiation from electrons undergoing action of particle beams incident on an irradiation body in accordance with a positional relation with the irradiation body and a calculating unit to calculate information on behaviors of the particle beams in the irradiation body from the radioactive ray information of the braking radiation corresponding to the positional relation that is detected by the detecting unit.08-23-2012
20120185215RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR DETERMINING EFFECTIVE LIGHT SOURCE AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR DETERMINING INTENSITY TRANSMITTANCE DISTRIBUTION OF FREQUENCY FILTER - A recording medium stores a program for determining an effective light source based on a first function having a linear relationship with light intensities in plural regions on a pupil plane and a second function having a nonlinear relationship with the light intensities. The method comprises: calculating the light intensity on the image plane when a value of a light intensity in one region on the pupil plane is defined as a unit amount and the values of light intensities in all the remaining regions are defined as zero; calculating the values of the first and second functions; setting values of light intensities to a predetermined value when the value of the second function is less than a threshold; and setting value of light intensities in accordance with the value of the first function when the value of the second function is not less than the threshold.07-19-2012
20120185214HANDHELD AND IMBEDDED DEVICES TO DETECT STICKY DEVICES USING MAGNETS - Apparatus and methods for detecting concealed personal security threats may comprise conventional mirrors and less conventional arrays of Hall-effect sensors, soft iron cores, magnetometers and the like, preferably at least two axis sensors. The concealed personal security threats may comprise, for example, sticky devices consisting of geographic position sensors for covertly broadcasting motor vehicle location data, of so-called Improvised Explosive Devices (IED's) which may be covertly or openly affixed to, for example, the undercarriages of motor vehicles using strong magnets and later exploded, the former giving away private location information without the knowledge of a driver or passengers and the latter causing damage to the motor vehicles to which they are affixed and potentially harming a driver, passengers and nearby persons and sticky containers for hiding items among other sticky devices. A sticky container may be used to contain, for example, a vehicle ignition key or contraband. Magnetic fields detected by, for example, arrays of Hall-effect sensors, soft iron cores, magnetometers and the like may be quantified and stored in processor memory as a vehicle magnetic field signature. A processor receiving magnetic field data collected by the arrays may retrieve and subtract known signatures from newly acquired magnetic field data for a given vehicle to obtain location for a magnetic field on the vehicle that may be of potential interest as a harm risk and for personal security.07-19-2012
20090125279CIRCUITRY AND METHODS FOR TIME DOMAIN CHANNEL DE-EMBEDDING - In some embodiments, an apparatus includes a tester having de-embedding logic and analysis logic. The de-embedding logic is to receive a differential tester input signal in a time domain fashion and in response to the tester input signal to provide a differential de-embedded signal that is an estimate of a time domain differential channel input signal including first and second channel input signal components outside the tester. The tester input signal is responsive to the channel input signal, and the tester input signal includes first and second tester input signal components, and the de-embedded signal includes first and second de-embedded signal components. The analysis logic is to receive the de-embedded signal and draw conclusions about a device under test outside the tester providing the channel input signal. To provide the de-embedded signal, the de-embedding logic performs operations involving channel ABCD parameters, source impedance characteristics, and load impedance characteristics. Additional embodiments are described.05-14-2009
20120166144DEVICE CHARACTERISTICS MEASUREMENT METHOD USING AN ALL-OPTOELECTRONIC TERAHERTZ PHOTOMIXING SYSTEM AND SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS MEASUREMENT METHOD OF TERAHERTZ MEASURING APPARATUS USING THE SAME - A device characteristics measurement method using an all-optoelectronic terahertz photomixing system includes: calculating power of an antenna of a transmitter by adding a matching condition between output impedance of the photomixer and input impedance of the antenna of the transmitter to power of the photomixer of the transmitter; calculating power of an antenna of a receiver based on the power of the antenna of the transmitter; and outputting the power of the antenna of the transmitter and the power of the antenna of the receiver so as to analyze device characteristics of the photomixer and the antenna of the transmitter.06-28-2012
20090043542SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR CONTINUOUS ANALYTE SENSOR - Systems and methods for dynamically and intelligently estimating analyte data from a continuous analyte sensor, including receiving a data stream, selecting one of a plurality of algorithms, and employing the selected algorithm to estimate analyte values. Additional data processing includes evaluating the selected estimative algorithms, analyzing a variation of the estimated analyte values based on statistical, clinical, or physiological parameters, comparing the estimated analyte values with corresponding measure analyte values, and providing output to a user. Estimation can be used to compensate for time lag, match sensor data with corresponding reference data, warn of upcoming clinical risk, replace erroneous sensor data signals, and provide more timely analyte information encourage proactive behavior and preempt clinical risk.02-12-2009
20090043541SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR CONTINUOUS ANALYTE SENSOR - Systems and methods for dynamically and intelligently estimating analyte data from a continuous analyte sensor, including receiving a data stream, selecting one of a plurality of algorithms, and employing the selected algorithm to estimate analyte values. Additional data processing includes evaluating the selected estimative algorithms, analyzing a variation of the estimated analyte values based on statistical, clinical, or physiological parameters, comparing the estimated analyte values with corresponding measure analyte values, and providing output to a user. Estimation can be used to compensate for time lag, match sensor data with corresponding reference data, warn of upcoming clinical risk, replace erroneous sensor data signals, and provide more timely analyte information encourage proactive behavior and preempt clinical risk.02-12-2009
20090306937METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING WIND NOISE - A method and system for detecting wind noise are adapted to determine whether two of a plurality of sound signals acquired by a plurality of sound receiving units include wind noise. The method includes the following steps: (a) transforming the two sound signals to their corresponding digitized sound signals including a plurality of sound frames; (b) calculating a correlation coefficient of each pair of the corresponding sound frames from the two digitized sound signals; (c) subtracting one of the digitized sound signals from the other, and transforming the resultant digitized sound signal to frequency domain; (d) selecting a frequency bin in frequency domain for each of the sound frames to serve as a frequency boundary, and calculating a dB difference, a low-frequency energy decay factor, and a low-frequency ripple number of each of the sound frames according to the frequency boundary; and (e) determining whether the correlation coefficient, the dB difference, the low-frequency energy decay factor, and the low-frequency ripple number of a respective sound frame comply with a predetermined determination rule, the two sound signals being determined to include wind noise if affirmative.12-10-2009
20090306936SAMPLING APPARATUS, SAMPLING METHOD AND RECORDING MEDIUM - Provided is a sampling apparatus that samples a signal under measurement, including a clock control section that generates a plurality of sampling clocks at a plurality of sampling phases at determined non-uniform intervals, so as to cancel out replicas in a sampling band that are not observation targets, from among the replicas of the signal under measurement and the replicas of the negative frequency component of the signal under measurement, in each sampling repetition cycle; and a sampling section that samples the signal under measurement with each of the plurality of sampling clocks.12-10-2009
20120191418STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF DATA SYNCHRONIZATION FOR MUTI MEASURING APPARATUS - In a structure and a method of data synchronization for multi measuring apparatuses, the multi measuring apparatuses link together to expand channels. One of those apparatuses is a master control measuring apparatus, and others are slave measuring apparatus. The master measuring apparatus can output synchronous signal to the slave measuring apparatuses. The slave measuring apparatus can retrieve the synchronous signal as a mark of data synchronization, and the synchronous signal and the marks are further stored in a memory. All the data and marks stored in the memory of the measuring apparatuses are transferred to a processing platform. By the software installed in the processing platform, the data wave form length of the master control measuring apparatus and slave measuring apparatus can be adjusted to the same, and the problem caused by the clock error of the measuring apparatus can be solved as well.07-26-2012
20120191417NOISE REDUCTION FOR SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNAL PROCESSING - A system with a data collection section and an algorithm is introduced that increases frequency sensitivity in 1D NMR Lorentzian spectra. Such spectra can be obtained for modest concentrations of solutes containing 07-26-2012
20120191416PROCESS FOR PREDICTING GLOSS OF LOW GLOSS COATING BY WET COLOR MEASUREMENT - The present invention is directed to a device for process for predicting gloss of a coating resulting from a wet layer of a low gloss coating composition, such as automotive OEM or refinish paint. The device includes measuring reflectance of the layer of the coating composition applied over a test substrate and then allowing the layer to dry and/or cure into a coating. Thereafter, its gloss is measured with a gloss meter. The device is repeated with varying amounts of one or flatting agents added to the composition and the reflectance vs. gloss is plotted on a graph and by using a curve fitting equation a gloss prediction curve is obtained. By measuring the reflectance of a wet layer of a target low gloss coating composition the gloss of a coating that would result from such a layer is then predicted by using the gloss prediction curve. The device is most useful during the manufacture of coating compositions, such as automotive OEM and refinishes paints.07-26-2012
20130073262PHASE-TO-AMPLITUDE/SLOPE MAPPING - A method includes obtaining a signal that includes a plurality of cycles and generating a map that maps motion phases to the signal based on both an amplitude and a slope of the signal. A system includes a processor that identifies a set of motion signal timestamps, for a plurality of motion cycles in a motion signal indicative of cyclic motion of a moving object, based on a predetermined motion phase of interest and a phase-to-amplitude/slope mapping, wherein the set of motion signal timestamps correspond to a common signal amplitude. A method include identifying a peak of a plurality of peaks in a motion cycle of a noisy cyclic signal having irregular periodicity, wherein the peak corresponds to a point lying between two points with amplitudes below a predetermined threshold, comparing points before and after the peak with the peak, and identifying the peak as a local maximum when the peak is greater than the points.03-21-2013
20130073261SENSOR SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS AND SENSOR SIGNAL DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - There are provided a sensor data processing apparatus, and a sensor data distributed processing system including the same. The sensor data distributed processing system includes: a plurality of sensors; one or more sensor data processing apparatuses each configured to compress a sensor signal received from at least one of a plurality of sensors, to create a compressed sensor signal, to adjust the sensor signal based on a reliability of the sensor signal, to analyze the adjusted sensor signal to provide analysis data, to synchronize the compressed sensor signal with the analysis data, to transmit the synchronized sensor data, and to provide management data to a corresponding sensor; and a sensor data management apparatus configured to monitor synchronized sensor data received from each sensor data processing apparatus, and to provide management data to the sensor data processing apparatus.03-21-2013
20090216498ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS STIMULATION AND DETECTION SYSTEM - A system and method for detecting and identifying electronic devices based on their unintended electromagnetic emissions (“UEE”) signals is presented. During device classification, UEE signals are measured from a plurality of test devices and characteristic data is obtained from the UEE signal emitted from each test device. Using the characteristic data, a threshold value and ideal pulse template can be determined for each test device and stored in a memory. An ideal stimulation signal is also determined for each test device and stored in the memory. During device detection, the ideal stimulation signal is applied to the environment in which a target device is suspected of being located. Stimulated UEE signals are measured from the target device and processed. The processed measurement data is compared to stored power threshold values and ideal pulse templates to determine if the target device is present.08-27-2009
20110015899Vibration Analysis - The present invention relates to vibration analysis and in particular, but not limited to, the derivation of multiple types of vibration signals from one vibration signal for vibration analysis. In the preferred method of the invention the vibrations of an object are measured using at least one vibration sensor, wherein the vibration sensor converts vibrations into an electrical vibration signal. The electrical vibration signal is digitized based on a first frequency, wherein the first frequency is selected from a plurality of possible frequency values. A first type of vibration signal is derived from the digitized vibration signal. A second type of vibration signal is then derived from the digitized vibration signal based on a second frequency. The second frequency is rationally determined from, and lower than, the value selected for the first frequency. The invention also provides apparatus for deriving multiple types of vibration signals from one measured vibration signal for vibration analysis.01-20-2011
20130060527INTERLEAVED RF TRIGGERING ON A TEST AND MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT - A time-interleaved RF triggering method and system on a test and measurement instrument includes an acquisition component that samples a waveform, which is converted into an amplitude, phase, frequency, in-phase (I), and quadrature (Q) waveform, any of which can be used for triggering an RF digital trigger, including triggering that uses demodulation and/or decoding of the down-converted complex IQ data samples for a given protocol. Aliasing caused by subsampled data in each of the interleaved acquisition components is cancelled out using a fractional time-shift filter.03-07-2013
20090271153Device for detecting signals - A device for detecting signals is disclosed. In at least one embodiment, the device includes at least four detector elements for receiving the signals and converting them into useful signals, each being connected via at least two lines to at least one signal processing unit. Each detector element includes a polarity reversal unit by which polarity reversal of the useful signal of the respective detector element can be performed. The signal polarity reversal logic is unambiguously spatially direction-dependent within the detector array. An advantage of the device of at least one embodiment is that for signals to be received simultaneously by way of two detector elements, the detector elements involved become unambiguously identifiable by the polarity reversal of the useful signal.10-29-2009
20130066595MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND MEASUREMENT METHOD - A measurement apparatus includes a processor configured to obtain a phase corresponding to an optical path length between the target surface and the reference surface based upon the a signal of interference light, to correct an error of the phase, and to calculate an absolute distance between the target surface and the reference surface based upon the phase in which the error has been corrected. The processor corrects the error of the phase by calculating a common phase error contained in a first measured phase calculated for the first reference wavelength and a second measured phase calculated for the second reference wavelength, and by subtracting the common phase error from the first measured phase and the second measured phase.03-14-2013
20080300830DATA RECORDING APPARATUS AND DATA RECORDING METHOD - There is provided with a data recording apparatus including: an observed data storage configured to store values observed by a sensor in association with an observed time; an intersection processing unit configured to plot each observed value in the observed data storage on a plane coordinate system formed by a time axis and an axis representing a value of the sensor, configured to determine whether or not a line segment connecting between observed values at adjacent times intersects a base line preset on the plane coordinate system and configured to calculate an intersection time of the line segment and the base line when the line segment intersects the base line; an intersection data storage configured to store the intersection time calculated by the intersection processing unit; and a deleting unit configured to delete observed values subjected to a processing of the intersection processing unit from the observed data storage.12-04-2008
20080294385SIGNAL PROCESSING DEVICE FOR SYSTEMS IN DIFFERENTIAL CONFIGURATION - The general field of the invention is that of signal measurement and processing devices comprising two systems allowing a signal and its opposite to be simultaneously received at the input and two signals able to take polynomial form, as a function of the input signals, to be returned. The device according to the invention comprises means for performing a weighted sum and difference of the two output signals in such a manner that at least the weighted sum is independent to a first order of the variations in the input signals. This processing operation is particularly well adapted to systems subjected to spurious effects such as thermal drifts.11-27-2008
20110035189SPECTROSCOPIC REFLECTOMETER - In a spectroscopic reflectometer, in order to make it possible to omit a supplementary measurement (specifically, measurement of a calibration sample) which has been needed every time a light reflectance of an inspection work is measured to promote the reduction in measurement time and simplification in measurement configuration, an internal reflection mechanism having a constant light reflectance is arranged inside a head so that light reflected by the internal reflection mechanism is received by a photo-detector, whereby the light reflectance of the inspection work is calculated based on an output value of the photo-detector in a state of having substantially no light introduced, an output value of the photo-detector when a dark sample that substantially reflects no light is used, an output value that is an output value of the photo-detector when a calibration sample of a known light reflectance is used as the object, and an output value of the photo-detector when an inspection work to be measured is used.02-10-2011
20110035188METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING TIME SERIES DATA - The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for determining which one or more time series parameters of a plurality of time series parameters relating to operation of a system are correlated with a first operation state of the system. According to the invention, the method comprises providing time series data including data relating to a time series of each of the plurality of time series parameters; determining at least two first time periods, wherein the system is in the first operation state during the at least two first time periods; determining at least one second time period, wherein the system is in a second operation state during the at least one second time period; determining, for each respective time series parameter of the plurality of time series parameters, a first characteristic parameter relating to a first characteristic of the time series of the respective time series parameter for each of the at least two first time periods and the at least one second time period; and determining which one or more time series parameters of the plurality of time series parameters relating to the operation of the system are correlated with the first operation state of the system by determining, for each respective time series parameter of the plurality of time series parameters, whether or not the respective time series parameter is correlated with the first operation state of the system based on the first characteristic parameters of the respective time series parameter determined for each of the at least two first time periods and the at least one second time period.02-10-2011
20120101781OPERATION CIRCUIT AND METHOD THEREOF - An operation circuit and an operation method thereof are revealed. The operation circuit includes an extreme value processing unit, a curve processing module, and a component unit. The extreme value processing unit receives and processes a plurality of input data to get maximum values and minimum values. The curve processing module constructs a first matrix and a second matrix according to the maximum and minimum values and then decomposes the first matrix and the second matrix into first submatrices and second submatrices respectively. According to these submatrices, the curve processing module gets at least one mean value function corresponding to the maximum and the minimum values. The computation of a single matrix is reduced by matrix decomposition and operations of the operation circuit. Compared with conventional Gauss matrix manipulations that run by computer systems, the present invention can be applied to simpler circuits by simplifying matrix operation processes.04-26-2012
20120101780Method of Measuring Radiation Doses on Different Directions - The present disclosure measures radiation doses on different directions. A partition is used, which has a certain attenuation ratio. With the partition, radiation doses on different directions can be determined without knowing the thickness or material of the partition.04-26-2012
20090276188QUANTITATIVE DIFFERENTIAL INTERFERENCE CONTRAST (DIC) MICROSCOPY AND PHOTOGRAPHY BASED ON WAVEFRONT SENSORS - A wavefront microscope or camera utilizes a wavefront sensor to measure the local intensity and phase gradient of the wavefront and output image maps based on the intensity and phase gradient. A wavefront sensor provides a metal film having patterned structured two dimensional (2D) apertures that convert a phase gradient of a wavefront into a measurable form onto a photodetector array. A computer is used to analyze the data by separating signals projected and recorded on the array from the different apertures, predict a center of each projection, and sum signals for each projection to display the intensity while determining a center position change/offset from the predicted center to display the phase gradient of the wavefront.11-05-2009
20110125463METHOD FOR REPRESENTING A STATE - A method for representing a state of at least one component of an apparatus, where measurements are conducted for the at least one component, a number of quantities are measured and at least one acquired characteristic value for the number of quantities is represented in at least one two-dimensional coordinate system for representing the state as a vector. Further, a system for representing a state of at least one component of an apparatus, to a computer program, and to a computer program product is disclosed.05-26-2011
20110288823WIDEBAND DIGITAL SPECTROMETER - A processor, comprising a first data input configured to receive a stream of samples of a first signal having a spectral space, the stream having a data rate of at least 4 GHz; a second data input configured to receive a stream of samples of a second signal; a multitap correlator, configured to receive the first stream of samples and the second stream of samples, and producing at least one correlation output for each respective sequential sample of the first signal received; and a programmable control configured to alter a relationship of the stream of samples of the first signal and the stream of samples of the second signal, to thereby select, under program control, an alterable correlation output.11-24-2011
20110288822COMPUTATION EFFICIENCY BY ITERATIVE SPATIAL HARMONICS ORDER TRUNCATION - A method for improving computation efficiency for diffraction signals in optical metrology is described. The method includes simulating a set of spatial harmonics orders for a grating structure. The set of spatial harmonics orders is truncated to provide a first truncated set of spatial harmonics orders based on a first pattern. The first truncated set of spatial harmonics orders is modified by an iterative process to provide a second truncated set of spatial harmonics orders based on a second pattern, the second pattern different from the first pattern. Finally, a simulated spectrum is provided based on the second truncated set of spatial harmonics orders.11-24-2011
20130218524Low Energy Sensor Interface - A low energy sensor interface for a microcontroller unit (MCU) is provided. The sensor interface may include a sequencer in operative communication with one or more on-chip peripherals, a count and compare block in communication with one or more sensors and the sequencer, and a highly configurable decoder. The sequencer, the count and compare block and the decoder may be configured to autonomously analyze and collect sensor results using the on-chip peripherals in a low energy mode of operation without intervention from an associated central processing unit (CPU).08-22-2013
20110295562Method and system for noise simulation analysis useable with systems including time-of-flight depth systems - An analytical tool useable with complex systems receives as input various system parameters to predict whether sufficiently accurate quality depth data will be provided by the TOF system. Depth data quality estimates involve dividing system operation into smaller operations whose individual depth data quality contributions can be more readily computed. The effect of the individual operations is combined and the tool outputs a depth data quality estimate accounting for the net result of the various unique operations performed by the system. When used with a TOF system, input parameters may include magnitude and angular distribution of TOF emitted optical energy, desired signal/noise, sensor characteristics, TOF imaging optics, target object distances and locations, and magnitude of ambient light. Analytical tool output data can ensure adequate calculation accuracy to optimize the TOF system pre-mass production, even for TOF systems whose sequence of operations and sensor operations are flexibly programmable.12-01-2011
20090132205Signal-Driven Recovery Of A Digital Pulse Stream - Provided is a method and system for signal-driven recovery of a digital pulse stream. The method includes receiving initial parameters including the base characteristics of a pulse signal, the characteristics including the maximum pulse interval. An incoming analog signal is converted to a digital signal and sampled a predetermined number of times at intervals greater than the maximum pulse interval to record a set of minimum signal values and a set of maximum signal values. Each set is averaged to provide an average minimum value and an average maximum value. Based on these values at least one threshold value is then determined, and the digital pulse stream is identified based on the threshold values. The method is repetitive, continually re-determining the threshold values so as to adapt to changes in the incoming signal. A system for performing the method is also provided.05-21-2009
20100114532WEIGHTED SPECTROGRAPHIC MONITORING OF A SUBSTRATE DURING PROCESSING - A substrate having an outermost layer undergoing polishing and at least one underlying layer is irradiated with light. A sequence of current spectra is obtained with an in-situ optical monitoring system, a current spectrum from the sequence of current spectra being a spectrum of the light reflected from the substrate, wherein the current spectrum includes a range of wavelengths and, for all wavelengths in the range of wavelengths, a value corresponding to a wavelength. Further, a value of the current spectrum corresponding to a wavelength is modified with at least one value in a gain factor spectrum, wherein the gain factor spectrum includes a first range of wavelengths and, for all wavelengths in the first range of wavelengths, a value corresponding to a wavelength. The polishing of the outermost layer of the substrate is then changed based upon the modified value of the current spectrum.05-06-2010
20080312878INTERPOLATING AND DEGHOSTING MULTI-COMPONENT SEISMIC SENSOR DATA - A technique includes obtaining particle motion data and pressure data that are acquired by seismic sensors while in tow. The sensors are part of a plurality of streamers, and the pressure and particle motion data contain surface ghosts. The technique includes processing the particle motion data and the pressure data to generate a data set that is indicative of a pressure wavefield at positions between the streamers and is substantially free of the surface ghosts.12-18-2008
20120109584LIGHT MEASUREMENT DEVICE - A light measurement device comprising an optical sensor that includes a tunable interference filter and a detecting section detecting light passed through the tunable filter, a storing section that stores a first correlation data and a second correlation data, and a CPU that obtains amount of the light by controlling the optical sensor based on the first correlation data and a second correlation data.05-03-2012
20090094001TRANSFORMING METROLOGY DATA FROM A SEMICONDUCTOR TREATMENT SYSTEM USING MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS - Metrology data from a semiconductor treatment system is transformed using multivariate analysis. In particular, a set of metrology data measured or simulated for one or more substrates treated using the treatment system is obtained. One or more essential variables for the obtained set of metrology data is determined using multivariate analysis. A first metrology data measured or simulated for one or more substrates treated using the treatment system is obtained. The first obtained metrology data is not one of the metrology data in the set of metrology data earlier obtained. The first metrology data is transformed into a second metrology data using the one or more of the determined essential variables.04-09-2009
20110257937Electroencephalogram (EEG) Cluster Electrodes - Embodiments described herein include a sensor electrode comprising a plurality of contacts positioned adjacent one another to form a pattern. Signal outputs are coupled to the plurality of contacts. A signal output is connected to each contact of the sensor electrode. One or more processors are coupled to the signal outputs. The processor separately processes each signal output of the plurality of signal outputs.10-20-2011
20100125438METHOD OF SCANNING, ANALYZING AND IDENTIFYING ELECTRO MAGNETIC FIELD SOURCES - A method for determining the energy level of an electromagnetic field (EMF) received from an EMF source (EMFS) and for identifying the EMFS is provided, the method comprising: receiving an EMF signal, separating the EMF signal into EMF sub-signals; determining, when possible, the energy level of EMF sub-signals; identify, when possible, the EMFS corresponding to the EMF sub-signals; and recording EMF related data. An apparatus, a system and a user graphical interface is also provided herein. Further, a network of EMFDD adapted to share EMF data therebetween is also provided herein.05-20-2010
20090281771TESTING SYSTEM FOR MOBILE PHONES AND TESTING METHOD THEREOF - A testing system for mobile phones includes at least one workstation (11-12-2009
20100138191METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ACQUIRING AND TRANSFORMING ULTRASOUND DATA - A method and system for transforming acquired ultrasound data for processing that includes the steps of generating ultrasound data, calculating object motion, modifying a data generation parameter using the calculated object motion, processing the ultrasound data related to the generated ultrasound data, and outputting the processed data. The method and system may additionally include buffering data from a data acquisition device.06-03-2010
20080281560Methods and Systems for Automatic Accommodation of Multiple Measurement Types by Shared Acquisition Hardware - Embodiments of the present invention comprise systems and methods for determining measurement apparatus acquisition parameters and related processing.11-13-2008
20080281559Method for Reconstructing an Electrical Signal - A method for reconstructing an electrical signal in which the signal and a second signal, which is related to the first signal according to a predefined function, are sampled at a predefined sampling rate. The occurrence of aliasing in a downstream digital low-pass filter may be substantially reduced if missing sampling values of the first signal are calculated from the sampling values of the second signal with the aid of the known function.11-13-2008
20080228444User interface for a flow cytometer system - The flow cytometer user interface of the preferred embodiment comprises the steps of (1) running the sample and saving all collected data, (2) viewing the raw (or “unmodified”) data, (3) modifying the raw data (e.g., scaling and/or culling the raw data), (4) reviewing and saving the modified settings, and (5) exporting the saved data. Once the sample has been run and all collected data have been saved, the user can repeat the steps of modifying the raw data, saving the modified settings, and exporting the saved data as many times as necessary and/or desirable without the need to run an additional sample.09-18-2008
20080228446Method and Apparatus for Signal Detection, Classification and Estimation from Compressive Measurements - The recently introduced theory of Compressive Sensing (CS) enables a new method for signal recovery from incomplete information (a reduced set of “compressive” linear measurements), based on the assumption that the signal is sparse in some dictionary. Such compressive measurement schemes are desirable in practice for reducing the costs of signal acquisition, storage, and processing. However, the current CS framework considers only a certain task (signal recovery) and only in a certain model setting (sparsity).09-18-2008
20100280797METHOD FOR DETECTION OF CHARGE ORIGINATING FROM LIGHTNING - The invention relates to a detection apparatus of a wind turbine wherein said wind turbine comprises a down-conducting system arranged to conduct current induced from lightning, wherein said detection apparatus comprises a charge measurement apparatus for establishment of a charge representation, wherein said charge representation represents charge induced into said down-conducting system by lightning, and wherein said detection apparatus further comprises an estimator for estimating deterioration induced by lightning of one or more components in a wind turbine on the basis of said charge representation.11-04-2010
20080312879FLUORESCENCE TOMOGRAPHY USING LINE-BY-LINE FORWARD MODEL - A fluorescence optical tomography system and method uses a photon migration model calculator for which absorption and reduced scattering coefficient values are determined for each source/detector pair. The coefficient values may be determined by measurement, in which a time resolved detector detects the excitation wavelength and generates temporal point spread functions from which the coefficient values are found. Alternatively, the coefficient values may be determined by calculating them from a dataset containing a spatial distribution of absorption and reduced scattering coefficients in a volume of interest. The fluorescence detection may be continuous wave, time resolved, or a combination of the two. An estimator uses a detected fluorescence signal and an estimated fluorescence signal to estimate the image values.12-18-2008
20080201110Ink Splitting Correction Method - A method for the correction of measurement errors caused by surface effects induced by ink splitting during the color measurement of a printed sheet on a running printing device, includes scanning the printed sheet photoelectrically point by point and forming color and/or density measured values from scanning signals from the scanned points. Those scanned points which have a brightness exceeding a limiting value are identified, and the measured values are corrected by using the identified scanned points. In particular, during the formation of the color and/or density measured values, the scanning signals from the identified scanned points are not taken into account.08-21-2008
20080215296Method for Recognizing a Sensor Type - A first condition, which is met when a measuring signal (V_SENS) of a sensor exceeds a first threshold value (V_SW), is checked. A second condition, which is met when a gradient (GRD_V_SENS) of a measuring signal (V_SENS) is greater than a predefined second threshold (GRD_V_SW), is checked. If the first and second conditions are met, this is recognized on a sensor with a signal evaluation area multiplex output for the measuring signal. If at least one of the conditions is not met, this is recognized on a sensor without a signal evaluation area-multiplex output for the measuring signal.09-04-2008
20080270081NON-DESTRUCTIVE, BELOW-SURFACE DEFECT RENDERING USING IMAGE INTENSITY ANALYSIS - Non-destructive, below-surface defect rendering of an IC chip using image intensity analysis is disclosed. One method includes providing an IC chip delayered to a selected layer; determining a defect location below a surface of the selected layer using a first image of the IC chip obtained using an CPIT in a first mode; generating a second image of the IC chip with the CPIT in a second mode, the second image representing charged particle signal from the defect below the surface of the selected layer; and rendering the defect by comparing an image intensity of a reference portion of the second image not including the defect with the image intensity of a defective portion of the second image including the defect, wherein the reference portion and the defective portion are of structures expected to be substantially identical.10-30-2008
20110270580METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR FOCUS PREDICTION - The present invention relates to a method, an analyzer and a computer program product for focus prediction in a sample arranged on a measuring surface of an analyzer. The method comprises row wise scanning sample positions by means of an optical system of said analyzer, said sample positions being positions in a coordinate system for said measuring surface containing said sample, for the first sample position on each row, determining a focus and storing said focus, and for each subsequent sample position: if a stored difference exists, predicting a focus by adding said stored difference to said stored focus, or if no stored difference exists, determining a focus and storing said focus.11-03-2011
20110270579SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SIGNAL MONITORING USING LISSAJOUS FIGURES - Methods and systems are provided for generating Lissajous figures based on monitored signals and identifying features of Lissajous figures. Features may include similarity metrics, shape change metrics and noise metrics, and may be used to determine information about the monitored signal. Features may also be used in monitoring operations, such as measurement quality assessment and recalibration.11-03-2011
20100145658HAND-HOLD MEASURING-EQUIPMENT RECORDING DEVICE - The present invention is to provide a hand-hold measuring-equipment recoding device that is mainly improvements aimed at the small sized hand-hold measuring equipment. The measuring machine body having a display, several buttons, and a sensor set in it, and is characterized in that a memory card slot is set in the machine body to provide for the insertion of the SD card. And, there are set with a microprocessor, a sensor circuit, and a memory card driver circuit in the machine body. Through these, the measured data records and measuring time are saved directly in the SD memory cards, then the SD memory cards is utilized to be inserted in the computer to read data and perform a further data analysis. Thus, it can solve the former problems of inconvenience caused by the measuring equipment must connect with the computer through a transferring cable and must proceed the measuring at the measuring site simultaneously while measuring.06-10-2010
20100145657INTEGRATED SENSOR ARRAY WITH OFFSET REDUCTION - A method and system for providing increased accuracy in a CMOS sensor system in one embodiment includes a plurality of sensor elements having a first terminal and a second terminal on a complementary metal oxide semiconductor substrate, a first plurality of switches configured to selectively connect the first terminal to a power source and to selectively connect the first terminal to a readout circuit, and a second plurality of switches configured to selectively connect the second terminal to the power source and to selectively connect the second terminal to the readout circuit.06-10-2010
20110208481EXTENDED RANGE INTERFEROMETRIC METHODS AND SYSTEMS - An interferometer estimates at least one interferometric parameter of one or more signals emitted from a source. The interferometer includes at least one phase measurement module for measuring phase differences between the source signals received at different signal receiving sensors. At least one coarse estimate of a sought parameter used to represent the at least one interferometric parameter is generated by processing the one or more signals received from the source. At least one fine estimate of the sought parameter is also generated by processing the at least one coarse sought parameter using the plurality of phase measurements received from the at least one phase measurement module. The at least one fine sought parameter represents the at least one interferometric parameter with greater accuracy than the at least one coarse sought parameter and over an extended range of values in which the sought parameter is not unambiguously determinable using only the plurality of phase measurements.08-25-2011
20110208480APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM FOR PROCESSING A SIGNAL IN A SPECTROMETER SYSTEM - A method is provided that includes receiving and processing a sample signal scan. Processing the sample signal scan includes applying an inner-product operation on the sample signal scan and each of a plurality of eigenvectors to generate a plurality of corresponding coefficients, and subtracting the sample signal scan from a linear combination of the eigenvectors and corresponding coefficients to thereby produce a corrected sample signal scan. In this regard, the eigenvectors have been generated by decomposing a plurality of background reference signal scans according to a singular value decomposition technique. The signal scans include a plurality of electromagnetic signal measurements at a discrete set of frequencies, where each measurement has been taken by a spectrometer system passing an electromagnetic signal through a sample cell including just a base medium (for the background reference signal scans), or both a base medium and a sample medium (for the sample signal scan).08-25-2011
20080319713Sensor registration by global optimization procedures - Disclosed are method and apparatus for registering multiple sensors collecting data from multiple objects. Sensor registration is decomposed into a two-step procedure. The first step corrects systematic errors. The second step assigns objects measured by one sensor to objects measured by a second sensor. Systematic errors are corrected by generating the global minimum of a systematic error function. One embodiment for generating the global minimum uses a Continuous Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure.12-25-2008
20080306713OPTICAL SIGNAL ANALYSIS APPARATUS AND OPTICAL SIGNAL ANALYSIS METHOD - An optical signal analysis apparatus includes a photodetector and an analyzer. The photodetector is to detect light emitted from measurement points in a sample. The analyzer is to analyze a molecular interaction between two of the measurement points by using fluctuation signals corresponding to fluctuations of the light from the measurement points that are detected by the photodetector.12-11-2008
20110224950Indirect Monitoring of Device Usage and Activities - Signal characteristics, or signatures, defined by one or more forms of energy being transferred during the commission of an activity are captured in dimensionally-reduced numerical sequences. Dimensionality reduction is achieved such that reduced data acquired during a detection phase can be directly compared with such reduced data produced during system training. Activities, events, human identities and so on can be identified through such direct comparison. Dimensionality reduction, such as through sparse approximation or simultaneous sparse approximation, may produce combinations of scaled prototype functions. Such combinations or their parametric representations compactly describe the signal characteristics for purposes of discovering new activity signatures, of extracting test signals from a set of measurements and of comparing sets for purposes of detection and classification.09-15-2011
20090024360DETERMINATION OF CHEMICAL OR PYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SAMPLE OR COMPONENT OF A SAMPLE - The present invention offers an alternative strategy for the correlation of interference information to chemical and/or physical properties of a sample. This strategy can be implemented in a method and a system, which offer substantial technical and commercial advantages over state of the art techniques based on interference spectroscopy. The method comprises the steps of: a. obtaining an interferogram and/or at least one interferogram element corresponding to a modulation of electromagnetic signal emitted from, transmitted onto or through, or having interacted with at least a part of the sample, b. performing i. at least one transformation of the interferogram and/or a segment of the interferogram and/or an interferogram element with at least one function, ii. optionally repeating i) for another segment of the interferogram and/or interferogram element, wherein the transformation does not comprise a Fourier Transformation if i) is conducted only once, thereby obtaining at least one score, c. correlating said at least one score to the at least one chemical or physical property.01-22-2009
20090024361MINIATURE MEASURING DEVICE - Device for measuring at least one physicochemical parameter of the surrounding environment, said device including 01-22-2009
20110144952MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RAPID VERIFICATION OF CRITICAL RADIOLOGICAL LEVELS IN MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC, TREATMENT AND NONINVASIVE SCREENING EQUIPMENT - A portable measurement apparatus and method for independent in situ analysis of emitted radiation, the patient or subject's total radiological dosage and spectral component levels of radiation for a specific radiation emission machine is disclosed. Said apparatus uses a plurality of electromagnetic emission detectors as a means to separate and analyze the electromagnetic spectral output signals emitted by an individual X-ray, CT, MRI, PET, metal detecting, or foreign object screening machine, etc., into key radiological component intensities.06-16-2011
20090083004VIRTUAL TIME REVERSAL ACOUSTICS FOR STRUCTURALHEALTH MONITORING - A method, apparatus, and computer program product for monitoring structures using virtual time reversal signal processing. In one embodiment, a signal having a frequency range is sent into a structure in a vehicle from a fixed transmitter to form an original transmitted signal. A response to the original transmitted signal is received at a fixed sensor associated with the structure to form a received response. The received response is reversed. The reversed response is processed using a transfer function to simulate propagation of the reversed response from the fixed sensor to the fixed transmitter to form a simulated time reversed response. The simulated time reversed response is a simulation of a response of the fixed transmitter to receiving the reversed response from the fixed sensor. The simulated time reversed response is analyzed to monitor for anomalies associated with the structure.03-26-2009
20120143568SELF-ADAPTIVE BIO-SIGNAL AND MODULATION DEVICE - A sensor-effector system includes an array of sensor-effector transducers providing a plurality of sensed signals and applying a plurality of effector signals. The array provides signals to input signal conditioning circuitry which digitizes and filters the plurality of sensed signals. A processor receives the digitized signals, and processes them to generate multiple feature vectors. It also analyzes the feature vectors to identify patterns and classify the identified patterns and generates at least one response vector resulting from the recognized pattern. The response vector is applied to output signal conditioning circuitry, coupled which converts the response vector to at least one analog signal which is applied as an effector signal to the array of sensor-effector transducers.06-07-2012
20110231160SUBJECT INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, SUBJECT INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND SUBJECT INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM - Provided is a technology for improving accuracy of noise elimination by a wavelet transform. The present invention is a subject information processing apparatus including: an acoustic wave generator which generates an acoustic wave from a subject; a probe which receives the acoustic wave and converts the received acoustic wave into an electric signal; a converting processor which determines a wavelet coefficient string by performing the wavelet transform on the electric signal; and a threshold processor which eliminates wavelet coefficients smaller than a predetermined threshold out of the wavelet coefficient string, wherein the converting processor selects a coefficient string corresponding to a mother wavelet of which degree of similarity with an impulse response waveform of the probe is highest, out of coefficient strings corresponding to a plurality of mother wavelets stored in advance, and performs the wavelet transform.09-22-2011
20090099820EVENT-DETECTION IN MULTI-CHANNEL SENSOR-SIGNAL STREAMS - Multiple parallel signal streams are produced by the sensors (04-16-2009
20080262798METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PERFORMING DISTRIBUTED VERIFICATION WITH RESPECT TO MEASUREMENT DATA IN SENSOR NETWORK - A method and system for performing a distributed verification with respect to measurement data in a sensor network. The method of performing the distributed verification with respect to measurement data in a sensor network includes: verifying, by an aggregator, the measurement data received from each of a plurality of sensors; generating, by the aggregator, verification request data by using the verified measurement data; transmitting the verification request data to a verifier; and verifying, by the verifier, the aggregator via a predetermined number of sensors of the plurality of sensors and the verification request data. The method of performing a distributed verification with respect to measurement data in a sensor network further includes transmitting, by the aggregator, an aggregation result with respect to the measurement data to a base station when the aggregator is verified; and verifying, by the base station, the aggregation result.10-23-2008
20090204371VARIABLE INDICATION ESTIMATOR - A variable indication estimator which determines an output value representative of a set of input data. For example, the estimator can reduce input data to estimates of a desired signal, select a time, and determine an output value from the estimates and the time. In one embodiment, the time is selected using one or more adjustable signal confidence parameters determine where along the estimates the output value will be computed. By varying the parameters, the characteristics of the output value are variable. For example, when input signal confidence is low, the parameters are adjusted so that the output value is a smoothed representation of the input signal. When input signal confidence is high, the parameters are adjusted so that the output value has a faster and more accurate response to the input signal.08-13-2009
20090254314SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IDENTIFYING CORRELATED VARIABLES IN LARGE AMOUNTS OF DATA - Groups of correlated representations of variables are identified from a large amount of spectrometry data. A plurality of samples is analyzed and a plurality of measured variables is obtained from a spectrometer. A processor executes a number of steps. The plurality of measured variables is divided into a plurality of measured variable subsets. Principal component analysis followed by variable grouping (PCVG) is performed on each measured variable subset, producing one or more group representations for each measured variable subset and a plurality of group representations for the plurality of measured variable subsets. While the total number of the plurality of group representations is greater than a maximum number, the plurality of group representations is divided into a plurality of representative subsets and PCVG is performed on each subset. PCVG is performed on the remaining the plurality of group representations, producing a plurality of groups of correlated representations of variables.10-08-2009
20120197598TEST AND MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT WITH COMMON PRESENTATION OF TIME DOMAIN DATA - A test and measurement instrument and method for generating IQ-based time domain waveform information and presenting the IQ-based time domain waveform information together with other time domain waveform on a common axis through a user interface. The test and measurement instrument can include, for example, one or more input terminals to receive an electrical signal under test, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to digitize the signal under test, a digital downconverter to produce I (in-phase) and Q (quadrature) baseband component information from the digitized signal, a memory configured to store the IQ baseband component information, a user interface, and a controller. The controller can be configured to generate an IQ-based time domain waveform using the IQ baseband component information, and present the IQ-based time domain waveform and a second time domain waveform on a common axis through the user interface.08-02-2012
20080215297DETECTION SYSTEM AND USER INTERFACE FOR A FLOW CYTOMETER SYSTEM - The detection system of the first preferred embodiment includes a detector, having a wide dynamic range, that receives photonic inputs from the interrogation zone and produces an analog signal; and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), having a high bit resolution, that is coupled to the detector and converts an analog signal to a digital signal. The digital signal includes an initial data set of the full dynamic range of the input signals from the flow cytometer sample. The method of extracting and analyzing data from a flow cytometer system of the first preferred embodiment preferably includes the steps of: collecting a full dynamic range of input signals from a flow cytometer sample; recognizing and annotating aggregate particle events; and storing an initial data set and an annotated data set of the full dynamic range of the input signals from the flow cytometer sample.09-04-2008
20120197599METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS OF LIGHTING COMPONENTS HAVING SIMILAR COLOR POINTS - A method of determining lighting contributions of elements of a lighting component includes obtaining optical data representative of light output of the lighting component. Relative intensity data may be calculated from the optical data, and may indicate intensity differences in the light output of the lighting component as compared to that of a reference component. An optical property of an element of the lighting component is determined based on a comparison of the optical data with that of the reference component, where the reference component includes at least one reference element. Related systems and apparatus are also discussed.08-02-2012
20090292507Signal Acquisition System and Method - A system for signal processing is provided. The system includes a steady state processing system for receiving a signal. A general purpose processing system is coupled to the steady state processing system and includes a signal acquisition system for receiving the signal and generating acquisition data. The steady state processing system can receive the acquisition data from the signal acquisition system and use the acquisition data to acquire the signal.11-26-2009
20130013260SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTION OF RADIATION - A system includes a count detector, a communication medium; and a processor coupled to the count detector. The processor continuously receives a plurality of pulses from the count detector. A pulse indicates a detection of a radiation unit emitted from a source material or a background. The processor determines a first period of time based on an expected range of speed of a carrier of the source material, and integrates the plurality of pulses over the first period of time, thereby yielding an integrated count associated with a time at a midpoint of the first period of time. The processor creates a continuous time series of count profiles from a plurality of integrated counts that are computed using a plurality of windows within the first period of time, and shifts each window over a second period of time. The second period of time is shorter than the first period of time. The processor estimates a background count from a history of the count profiles, computes an adaptive threshold based on the estimated background count, and detects the source material when consecutives of the integrated counts exceed the adaptive threshold.01-10-2013
20090276187Evaluating Magnetic Resonance Spectra - Provided are methods, systems and computer program products evaluating magnetic resonance (MR) signals from a sample. The methods and systems can be used to evaluate MR signals from various constituents (e.g., metabolites, macromolecules) of the sample.11-05-2009
20080319712DISCRETE PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS (DPCA) - An optical system employs filtered broad band light for determining the specific components in a material sample. The system forms an r by n matrix C representing r principal components of the measurement to be analyzed at n different frequencies. Each sample contains a known quantity of the different materials in the sample being analyzed where r represents the number of different analytes or components in the sample. The system measures m different samples at n different frequencies, said m samples containing unknown quantities of the material, where “m” is a selected integer representing the number of samples. Using the measured results from the m samples the system forms an n by m matrix P, where P=C·R, and where R is an m by r matrix representing r unknown values of the r principal components which are being measured in the m material samples. The system then solves the equation P=C·R for R by inverting C in the equation12-25-2008
20090112525System and Method for Evaluating the Effects of Natural Events on Structures and Individuals - A system and method comprising an expert system and knowledge base that stores expert knowledge and parameters that characterize structures such as buildings and their occupants, evaluates the effects of a natural and other triggering events, such as earthquakes, on the structures and occupants. The analysis is based upon data which characterize the triggering event, and parameters which characterize the structure, its locale, its environment, and the occupants. The effect of the triggering event is analyzed using the expert knowledge and characterizing data and parameters, and communicated to occupants and to others with recommendations of actions which can minimize damage and injury. The method and system takes into account natural and man-made objects in the vicinity of the structure, as well as the occurrence of other triggering events which could also affect the structure or occupants.04-30-2009
20080288218Using Tissue Acceleration to Create Better Dti Waveforms (Doppler Tissue Imaging) for Crt (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) - The present invention allows one to reconstruct high quality velocity waveforms using data collected at comparatively slow frame rates, such data would have otherwise resulted in non-diagnostic and non-clinically useful waveforms. The invention is directed to reconstructing a high quality “continuous” velocity waveform, and uses instantaneous measures of acceleration in addition to velocity to reconstruct such a waveform. By simultaneously detecting the velocity and acceleration of a fixed point in space, one can more faithfully reproduce the corresponding velocity waveform using significantly lower sample rates. If images are acquired, then the velocity sample rate corresponds to the image frame rate. Also, depending on the number of looks or scan lines contained in an ensemble, double interleaving of the raw data is used.11-20-2008
20110112799VARIABLE INDICATION ESTIMATOR - A variable indication estimator which determines an output value representative of a set of input data. For example, the estimator can reduce input data to estimates of a desired signal, select a time, and determine an output value from the estimates and the time. In one embodiment, the time is selected using one or more adjustable signal confidence parameters determine where along the estimates the output value will be computed. By varying the parameters, the characteristics of the output value are variable. For example, when input signal confidence is low, the parameters are adjusted so that the output value is a smoothed representation of the input signal. When input signal confidence is high, the parameters are adjusted so that the output value has a faster and more accurate response to the input signal.05-12-2011
20130132036SCATTEROMETRY MEASUREMENT OF LINE EDGE ROUGHNESS IN THE BRIGHT FIELD - A system and method for assessing line edge roughness (LER) is disclosed. An artificial conformal liner on a simulation test structure absorbs the same amount of light that otherwise would be scattered in the dark-field by a rough surface. A RCWA based scatterometry model is used to model absorption and the absorption is correlated to line edge roughness, which allows RCWA to be used in effect to model LER.05-23-2013
20100332192Method and Tools for Self-Describing Data Processing - A data set can self-describe a set of data specifications that describe the physical measurements, spatial representation, and file format of data stored in the data set. A data processing tool can self-describe a set of input specifications of the physical measurements, spatial representation, and file storage format of data that can be accepted for processing by the tool. Fully automated methods for coordinating the processing and analysis of the data set by the data processing tool are presented which ensure that the data input to a data processing tool represents the proper physical measurements, has the proper spatial representation, and is in the proper file format to permit the data processing tool to produce logically correct output.12-30-2010
20110029287Self-Diagnosing Transducers and Systems and Methods Therefor - A transducer system that includes a piezoelectric transducer and a self-diagnosis system electrically connected to the transducer. In one embodiment, the self-diagnosis system is configured to detect when a debonding defect has occurred in the bond between the transducer and a host structure and to detect when a crack has occurred in the transducer itself. The self-diagnosis system implements debonding-detection and crack-detection schemes that can distinguish between debonding and cracking, as well as distinguish these problems from changes arising from temperature variation.02-03-2011
20110246139DOWNMIXING DEVICE AND METHOD - A downmixing device includes: a matrix conversion unit configured to perform a matrix operation for an input signal; a rotation correction unit configured to rotate an output signal of the matrix conversion unit; a spatial information extraction unit configured to extract spatial information from the output signal of the rotation correction unit; and an error calculation unit configured to calculate an error amount of the matrix operation result for the input signal by performing a matrix operation for the output signal of the rotation correction unit and the spatial information extracted by the spatial information extraction unit using a matrix that is inverse to the matrix used for the matrix operation by the matrix conversion unit.10-06-2011
20090063101APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND IDENTIFYING RAMAN SIGNATURES - In one aspect, a signal processing system includes a processor, an I/O device operatively associated with the processor, and a memory device bearing instructions configured to cause the processor to obtain a representation of signal data over a data domain and position a sliding-window over a portion of the signal data, such portion corresponding to a sliding-window domain, to analyze the signal data within the sliding-window domain to detect the presence of a signature multiplet and, based on the analysis of the data, to estimate the pedestal of the signal data within the sliding-window domain. The instructions also cause the processor to iteratively shift the sliding-window over at least a portion of the data domain to correspondingly shift the sliding-window domain, estimate the pedestal of the signal data within each sliding-window domain to determine an estimated pedestal over the portion of the data domain, to subtract the estimated pedestal from the signal data to yield a pedestal-free representation of the signal data for the portion of the data domain, and to output the pedestal-free representation of the signal data for the portion of the data domain to a communication device, display, printing device, or data storage device.03-05-2009
20090063100Analog signal test using a-priori information - The present invention relates to a method and a corresponding system (03-05-2009
20090312987Ambient Light Sensor and Electronic Equipment - An ambient light sensor (12-17-2009
20100131242MONITORING SYSTEM WITH DYNAMICALLY CONFIGURABLE NON-INTERFERING SIGNAL PROCESSING - A monitoring system with dynamically configurable non-interfering signal processing is disclosed. In one aspect, data relating to the management of the operation of a machine and data relating to the safety protection of the machine are combined in a non-interfering manner.05-27-2010
20100063780Measuring Arrangement with Large Dynamic Measuring Range - The invention relates to a method for registering a measured variable of a measured medium via a measurement path having a sequence of signals, wherein, apart from an original signal of the sequence, each signal of the sequence is a function of a preceding signal of the sequence, at least one signal of the sequence is transformed as a function of the measured variable by interaction with the measured medium, wherein a time variation is impressed on at least a first signal of the sequence, and a second signal, which is present in the sequence of signals at any location after the first signal, is formed by integration of a signal directly preceding the second signal, wherein, additionally, for ascertaining the measured variable, it is assumed, that the measured variable remains essentially constant during the integration.03-11-2010
20110098980DEVICE FOR PROCESSING A SIGNAL DELIVERED BY A RADIATION DETECTOR - The invention concerns a device for processing a signal delivered by a radiation detector (04-28-2011
20110098979DETECTING METHOD AND DETECTING APPARATUS - A detecting method employing a first sensor and a second sensor, includes: first processing for detecting, on the basis of an output value of the first sensor, a predetermined state defined in advance; second processing for starting the second sensor according to the detection of the predetermined state; and third processing for generating interpolation data from an output value of the first sensor in a predetermined time until the second sensor becomes capable of outputting a measurement value after being started.04-28-2011
20110251828METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RESOLVING PILED-UP PULSES BY USING A MATHEMATICAL TRANSFORM - A method and apparatus for resolving individual signals in detector output data, the method comprising obtaining or expressing the detector output data as a digital series, obtaining or determining a signal form of signals present in the data, forming a transformed signal form by transforming the signal form according to a mathematical transform, forming a transformed series by transforming the digital series according to the mathematical transform, the transformed series comprising transformed signals, evaluating a function of at least the transformed series and the transformed signal form and thereby providing a function output, determining at least one parameter of the function output based on a model of the function output, and determining a parameter of the signals from the at least one determined parameter of the function output. The method may include forming the model by modelling the function output.10-13-2011
20110077911MULTI-MEASUREMENT VORTEX FLOWMETER - Two-wire transmitters are described in which the required voltage that a control room must supply to the transmitter is lower at high current than at low current, thus freeing up more voltage for other uses, and in which a constant set of operating voltages may be maintained. A corrected pressure in a vortex flow meter may be determined that reflects the mass flow rate. Thus, the mass flow rate may be determined based on the corrected pressure reading and a measured volumetric flow rate. Density may be determined from pressure and temperature using a table containing error values based on a standard density determination and a relatively simple approximation. During operation of a flow meter, the stored error values may be linearly interpolated and the approximation may be computed to determine the density from the stored error value.03-31-2011
20120303328PROPAGATION PATH ESTIMATION METHOD AND PROGRAM AND APPARATUS USING THE SAME - A propagation path estimation method using an imaging method according to the invention includes a step of, in a case where a reflect array 11-29-2012
20120303327Systems and Methods for Pattern Detection - Various embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods related to pattern detection. As an example, a system for sample selection is disclosed that includes a difference calculation circuit, a comparator circuit, and an output selector circuit. The difference calculation circuit is operable to calculate a first difference between a first value corresponding to a first digital sample and a second value corresponding to a second digital sample, and to calculate a second difference between a third value corresponding to a third digital sample and a fourth value corresponding to a fourth digital sample. The comparator circuit is operable to compare the first difference with the second difference to yield a comparison output. The output selector circuit is operable to select one of the second value and the fourth value as an output based at least upon the comparison output.11-29-2012
20110060554Interference Detector and Methods - Interference detector and methods for detecting interference in a signal are described. More specifically, in one aspect, a method for detecting interference in a signal is provided. The method comprises determining whether the signal has at least one of a time and a frequency characteristic that is outside a predefined range, and determining that an interference event has been detected if the signal has at least one of such characteristics.03-10-2011
20110029286NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS FOR PERIODIC STRUCTURE - There is provided a nondestructive analysis for a periodic structure. In the method, a virtual periodic structure is set and divided into a plurality of layers. By utilizing the Lippmann-Schwinger equation with an M-th order interpolation, physical properties related to reflectivity or transmittance of the virtual periodic structure are calculated. An M-th order interpolation formula employed in discretization of the Lippmann-Schwinger equation leads to an accurate and rapid calculation of the physical properties of the periodic structure.02-03-2011
20100318325Signal processing device - The invention relates to a signal processing device having a first signal processing unit (12-16-2010
20110257936DYNAMIC SENSOR RANGE - A device for sensing a phenomenon using a dynamic measurement range includes: a sensing element configured to measure the phenomenon using a first measurement range and to provide an analog indication of a value of the phenomenon; an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) coupled to the sensing element and configured to convert the analog indication to a digital indication; and a processor coupled to the ADC and the sensing element and configured to analyze the digital indication to determine a second measurement range for the sensing element and to cause the sensing element to change from the first measurement range to the second measurement range for measurement of the phenomenon, the first measurement range being different than the second measurement range.10-20-2011
20110213591MULTI-GAIN ADAPTIVE LINEAR PROCESSING AND GATED DIGITAL SYSTEM FOR USE IN FLOW CYTOMETRY - Disclosed is an electronic processing system for a flow cytometer that uses a processing chip that processes data in a parallel architecture on a sample by sample basis and provides for high throughput of data. In addition, multi-gain linear amplifiers are used which are matched using feedback circuits to provide accurate data and high resolution data having high dynamic range.09-01-2011
20080234980Assistance data provision - For supporting the provision of a continuous stream of assistance data for a satellite signal based positioning, a sequence of interlinked messages comprising assistance data is generated. The messages are provided for transmission to a wireless communication terminal. The wireless communication terminal receives the sequence of interlinked messages and provides the assistance data in the received messages for use in positioning computations.09-25-2008
20100114533METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXPLORING BY WAVE PROPAGATION - A method of exploring by wave propagation, in which method an incident wave is emitted a plurality of times towards the same target zone (r05-06-2010
20110251826Data Analyzer - The present invention relates to an off-line signal analyzer comprising a digital signal processor (10-13-2011
20110251827Data Collector - An off-line signal analyser comprising a digital signal processor (10-13-2011
20110161053SLOPE-BASED FAST INTRINSIC MODE FUNCTIONS DECOMPOSITION METHOD AND APPARATUS - An apparatus for analyzing a physical signal representing a physical phenomenon is provided. The apparatus comprises an analog-to-digital converter, a slope calculator, a local extrema identifier, a residual signal constructor and an intrinsic mode function (IMF) extractor. The analog-to-digital converter is used to convert the physical signal into a plurality of data points. The slope calculator is used to calculate slope of each data point. The local extrema identifier is used to identify a plurality of local extrema of the slopes. The residual signal constructor is used to construct a residual signal of the physical signal from the data points corresponding to the local extrema of slopes. An IMF extractor is used to extract an intrinsic mode function indicative of an intrinsic oscillatory mode in the physical phenomenon by subtracting the residual signal from the physical signal. A method for analyzing a physical signal representing a physical phenomenon is provided.06-30-2011
20120203510SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OPERATING SYSTEM - Collecting and analyzing spectral data can be challenging when multiple analysis instruments need to be integrated and monitored by a quality control agent within a laboratory, industrial plant, field operation, or even an aerospace environment. The spectral analysis system and method, as presented, provides improved quality control, process control, and data management through unique feedback mechanisms between all hardware and software components within an analytical environment. Through spectral analysis presented, meaningful information is extracted from a spectral signal and fed back into the spectral analysis system to enhance overall system performance. A centralized database is provided to allow multiple users the opportunity to query the database for historical spectral records that can lead to the generation of meaningful reports. Additional hardware can be adapted to the present spectral analysis system in order to monitor a variety of physical phenomena in addition to monitoring a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.08-09-2012
20080319714PROCESSING OF SPECTROMETER PILE-UP EVENTS - In an energy dispersive spectrometer wherein event (particle/photon) detection is performed by counting events spaced by greater than a shaping time, events which are spaced by less than the shaping time are also collected and counted. These “combined events” are treated similarly to “single events” which are spaced by greater than the shaping time, and can be used to generate combined-event spectra for comparison and/or use with the conventional single-event spectra. The combined-event spectra can be compared to the single-event spectra to provide an indication of data quality; can be subtracted from the single-event spectra to remove artifacts, and/or can be deconvolved into a single-event spectrum to increase the resolution of the single-event spectrum.12-25-2008
20080228445Instrument display with multiple-range visual depictions - An instrument display that provides increased utility and flexibility by employing multiple range visual depictions. An instrument according to the present teachings includes an instrument display for providing a visual depiction of a set of physical phenomena wherein the visual depiction includes a trace for each physical phenomenon superimposed on a set of axes that provide multiple ranges.09-18-2008
20110054847SAMPLE ANALYZER, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR A SAMPLE ANALYZER AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE - A sample analyzer comprising: a measuring unit, which comprises a signal output section for outputting a signal representing a characteristic of a measurement specimen prepared by mixing a sample with a reagent, and a signal adjusting section for adjusting the signal outputted from the signal output section, the measuring unit outputting a detection signal based on the signal adjusted by the signal adjusting section; and a result producing unit for producing an analysis result based on the detection signal outputted from the measuring unit and storing the analysis result therein is disclosed. A computer program product for the sample analyzer and a method for analyzing a sample using such a sample analyzer is also disclosed.03-03-2011
20110119034METHOD FOR RECORDING PULSE SIGNALS - A method for recording pulse signals which allows the reconstruction of a time reference. The time of every pulse signal event can be determined by counting sampling result bits preceding the respective sampling result bit using the known sampling frequency. For this purpose, every period of the sampling frequency is associated with a bit representing the respective sampling result and the sampling result bits are stored one by one and per channel in data blocks. The sampling frequency is preferably higher than a pixel clock, a sampling result bit associated with a flank of the pixel clock being marked. The pixel clock can thus be synchronized with the individual events exactly per sampling period. The invention further relates to the field of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy using confocal microscopes or laser scanning microscopes.05-19-2011
20100121610DIGITAL FILTERING SYSTEM, METHOD, AND PROGRAM THEREOF - A digital filtering system, method, and program thereof are described. In the system, firstly a sensor obtains an analog physiological signal, a quantizing module transforms the physiological signal to a digitalized frequency domain signal, and then a specification parameter module obtains a feature model satisfying the frequency domain signal by matching, for a deciding process module to determine which decision parameter should be used. A filter-Clustering management module starts a relevant filter module according to the matching decision parameter to filter the frequency domain signal. On the contrary, when the frequency domain signal is an abnormal signal, the quantizing module outputs the abnormal signal to a back-end server system. The server system builds more than one updating parameter to update all the decision parameters and feature parameters. Therefore, the decision parameters and the feature parameters are updated on real time, and the physiological signal filtering result is quickly obtained.05-13-2010
20120310600APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING SIGNAL - An apparatus and a method for processing signal are provided. The signal processing apparatus comprises an input interface and a processing unit. The input interface receives smoothing parameters and a to-be-separated signal. The processing unit establishes an upper extreme envelope and a lower extreme envelope of the to-be-separated signal, and calculates a mean envelope between the upper extreme envelope and the lower extreme envelope. The processing unit performs smoothing according to the smoothing parameters and the mean envelope to generate a smoothed mean envelope, and determines a trend component or a non-trend component according to the smoothed mean envelope.12-06-2012
20120310599SENSOR DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM - A first collecting device is connected to a first network to which a first sensor is connected, and to an external network. A second collecting device is connected to a second network to which a plurality of second sensors for measuring a second amount of observation are connected, and to the external network, and collects second sensor data. When the first collecting device cannot collect first sensor data through the first network, an adapter transfers the first sensor data to the second collecting device through the second network, and transmits the first sensor data to the first collecting device from the second collecting device through the external network.12-06-2012
20110191067COMPACT REPRESENTATION OF A REFLECTANCE SPECTRUM - The invention concerns the compact representation of a reflectance spectrum of a material. For example, for in compression, identification and comparison of reflectance spectrum data of multiple materials. The compressed representation interpolating a spline curve to the reflectance spectrum data, the spline curve having a set of control points, a knot vector, and representing wavelength and reflectance as functions of an independent parameter (08-04-2011
20100023304ARRANGEMENT FOR EVALUATING THE MEASURED VALUES OF A MEASURED-VALUE CONVERTER - The object of the invention is to implement an arrangement that enables maximally flexible linkage of measured-value sensing systems 01-28-2010
20090312988Automatic Set-Up For Instrument Functions - Machine-implemented methods and apparatuses to automatically set-up a signal processing system are described. The signal processing system is set to a first bandwidth. A sampling frequency of the signal processing system is set to a first sampling frequency. Next, first samples of first signals are received at the first bandwidth and the first sampling frequency. First parameters of the first signals based on the first samples are determined. Next, a second sampling frequency is determined based on the first parameters to sample second samples. The first parameters of the first signals may be a mean transit time, a minimum transit time, a mean frequency of the signals, and a standard deviation of the frequency of the signals. Next, a mixer frequency is determined based on the first parameters. A low pass filter is set based on the mixer frequency.12-17-2009
20100305905DETERMINATION OF BEAM PARAMETERS FOR UNFLATTENED PHOTON BEAMS - A method for determining a beam parameter of an unflattened photon beam generated by an accelerator includes measuring radiation dose values in the plane perpendicular to the beam propagation direction, determining the extension of the unflattened beam using a definition of the beam extension of a flattened beam. The method also includes normalizing the radiation dose values, such that essentially the same value for the extension of the unflattened beam is obtained as would be obtained if the beam was flattened and determining the beam parameter of the unflattened beam using a beam parameter definition of a flattened beam12-02-2010
20110307222APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTION OF RADIATION - Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.12-15-2011
20110022360MULTIPLE AXES SCANNING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING RADIATION FROM A RADIATION SOURCE - A three dimensional radiation measurement scanning system includes a circular drive operable with horizontal and vertical drives for moving a radiation detector through first, second and third orthogonal axes in a three dimensional scanning of the detector in a water tank. Motor are coupled to the drives and activated by a controller for providing the movement of the radiation detector which providing radiation field sensing signals for locations of the detector throughout the tank. A reference detector is fixed for comparing its radiation field measurements with those of the scanned radiation detector. An offset mount carries the radiation detector allowing it to be extended beyond the circular ring gear during horizontal movement of the radiation detector and thus position the radiation detector at wall surfaces of the water tank.01-27-2011
20100017169Test assembly and procedure for capturing performance data - In order to make error recognition, for example, in cabling, in the stored data or in the data allocation, in the allocation of a sensor unit to sensor-relevant data for calibration of an analysis unit that is connected with a sensor unit possible, it is proposed to locate, in or on the sensor unit (01-21-2010
20120041720High Bandwidth Oscilloscope for Digitizing an Analog Signal Having a Bandwidth Greater than the Bandwidth of Digitizing Components of the Oscilloscope - A method for improving bandwidth of an oscilloscope involves, in preferred embodiments, the use of frequency up-conversion and down-conversion techniques. In an illustrative embodiment the technique involves separating an input signal into a high frequency content and a low frequency content, down-converting the high frequency content in the analog domain so that it may be processed by the oscilloscope's analog front end, digitizing the low frequency content and the down-converted high frequency content, and forming a digital representation of the received analog signal from the digitized low frequency content and high frequency content.02-16-2012
20120041719METHOD FOR ELECTROMAGNETICALLY CHARACTERIZING A TARGET - A method for electromechanically characterizing an object placed in a chamber, at least some walls of which have low absorbance at said frequency, one of the chamber walls being provided with an antenna array. In a first step, the parameters S of a first system consisting of the chamber and the antenna array are measured and in a second step, the same parameters S of a second system consisting of the chamber, the object and the antenna array are measured. The parameters S of the first system are subtracted from the parameters S of the second system to obtain a matrix of corrected parameters that is then diagonalized. The eigenvalues of the matrix constitute a characteristic electromagnetic signature of said object.02-16-2012
20120041718DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETECTING CHARACTERISTICS OF SECURITIES - A device and a method for detecting characteristics of a flat object, in particular a security, are proposed. To this end, the device has at least one light source that illuminates the object with light, at least one sensor that captures the light reflected and/or emitted by the object, where the sensor is a computer mouse sensor of an optical computer mouse, and a transport device that transports the object relative to the light source and the sensor in a transport direction.02-16-2012
20110071795Test and Measurement Instrument Using Combined Signals - A test and measurement instrument including a plurality of digitizers, each digitizer configured to digitize an input signal to generate a digitized signal; a signal processor configured to combine at least two of the digitized signals from the digitizers into a combined signal; and a circuit configured to receive the combined signal.03-24-2011
20120046913REPRESENTING SENSOR DATA AS BINARY DECISION DIAGRAMS - According to certain embodiments, a set of samples of sensor data is accessed. The set of samples records measurements taken by one or more sensors. Each sample is represented as a minterm to yield a set of minterms. A characteristic function is generated from the set of minterms. The characteristic function indicates whether a given minterm is a member of the set of minterms.02-23-2012
20120010859FREQUENCY PHYSICAL CARRIER FOR DIAGNOSTICS, MEDICAL THERAPY AND HUMAN, ZOOTECHNCAL AND AGRONOMIC ENHANCEMENT - Physical carrier wherein radiation frequencies are recorded, obtained by a process including the stages of: 01-12-2012
20120022832MODULAR RE-CONFIGURABLE PROFILING CORE FOR MULTIPROCESSOR SYSTEMS-ON-CHIP - A modular dynamically re-configurable profiling core may be used to provide both operating systems and applications with detailed information about run time performance bottlenecks and may enable them to address these bottlenecks via scheduling or dynamic compilation. As a result, application software may be able to better leverage the intrinsic nature of the multi-core hardware platform, be it homogeneous or heterogeneous. The profiling functionality may be desirably isolated on a discrete, separate and modular profiling core, which may be referred to as a configurable profiler (CP). The modular configurable profiling core may facilitate inclusion of rich profiling functionality into new processors via modular reuse of the inventive CP. The modular configurable profiling core may improve a customer's experience and productivity when used in conjunction with commercial multi-core processors.01-26-2012
20120232847High Accuracy And High Dynamic Range MEMS Inertial Measurement Unit With Automatic Dynamic Range Control - Embodiments relate to a MEMS IMU having an automatic gain control. The dynamic measurement range of the MEMS IMU is controlled by controlling the gain of a signal amplifier before the analog to digital converter (ADC) to make full use of the ADC range. In one embodiment, two or more MEMS inertial sensor sets are installed in the IMU. One of the sensor sets is for high accuracy with low dynamic range, and the other set or sets is for higher dynamic range with less resolution or accuracy. In one implementation, a digital processor determines which of the sensor sets to be used according to the system dynamic estimation. In another implementation, the system weights the sensor outputs from the sensor sets according to the system dynamics.09-13-2012
20120116725Method and Arrangement for Reconstructing the Source of an Electromagnetic Field - The disclosure relates to a method for reconstructing the source of an electromagnetic field. Firstly, a measurement space separate from the source is selected so that the measurement space is connected to the source via a magnetically homogeneous spatial region. Measured values of the electromagnetic field emitted by the source are recorded on the surface of the measurement space so that the electromagnetic field in the measurement space can be uniquely determined in the context of an error bound determined by the discreteness of the measured values. A mathematical model of the electromagnetic source is developed which has a multiplicity of unknowns, and a system of equations is set up that relates the unknowns of the model to the measured values. The system of equations is solved in order to determine the characteristics of the electromagnetic source. The disclosure also relates to an arrangement for carrying out the method.05-10-2012
20120065940SYSTEM FOR ROAD SIGN SHEETING CLASSIFICATION - A system for classifying different types of sheeting materials of road signs depicted in a videostream compares estimated retroreflectivity values against known minimum retroreflectivity values for each of a plurality of colors. Once a road sign has been identified in the videostream, the frames associated with that road sign are analyzed to determine each of a plurality of colors present on the road sign. An estimated retroreflectivity for each of the plurality of colors present on the road sign is then determined. By comparing the estimated retroreflectivity for each of the plurality of colors against known minimum retroreflectivity values for the corresponding color for different types of sheeting materials, an accurate determination of the classification of the sheeting material of the road sign is established. Preferably, certain conditions of gross failure of the sheeting material are filtered out before classification of the sheeting material is determined.03-15-2012
20120072176SYSTEM AND METHOD OF EVALUATING AN OBJECT USING ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY - A system for evaluating subject objects includes at least one physical source operable to emit electromagnetic energy and driver electronics drivingly coupled to at least one physical source. The driver electronics is configured to drive at least one physical source as a number of logical sources, using an electromagnetic forcing function. The number of logical sources is greater than the number of physical sources. In addition, the system includes a sensor configured to receive an electromagnetic response from at least a portion of an evaluation object illuminated by one or more physical sources operated as logical sources, and convert the electromagnetic response to a test response signal indicative of the electromagnetic response of the evaluation object.03-22-2012
20120158366METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING SECOND-ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICAL COEFFICIENTS - Described herein is a method for determining second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of a material. The method envisages the steps of providing a specimen made at least in part of the material, causing a first optical signal and a second optical signal having, respectively, a first pulsation and a second pulsation, and a first polarization state and a second polarization state, to impinge upon the specimen in such a way that the specimen generates a second-harmonic optical signal having a third pulsation equal to the sum of the first and second pulsations, and a third polarization state that is a function of the first and second polarization states. The method further envisages the step of determining a plurality of measurements of power corresponding to the second-harmonic optical signal, and the step of determining the second-order nonlinear optical coefficients on the basis of the plurality of measurements of power. In addition, the method envisages performing a plurality of measurements of power of the second-harmonic optical signal as the first polarization state and the second polarization state vary.06-21-2012
20100036643METHODS FOR THE CYCLICAL PATTERN DETERMINATION OF TIME-SERIES DATA USING A CLUSTERING APPROACH - Cycles and other patterns within time-series data are determined. Time-series data are transformed into discretized sets of clustered data that are organized by time period. Comparison is made of the organized data to determine similar time periods and multiclusters of the similar time periods are formed. From the multicluster data, cycles are identified from which thresholds and other useful data may be derived, or the data used for other useful purposes.02-11-2010
20120179425METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RETRIEVING A PHASE OF A WAVEFIELD - A method of retrieving a phase of a wavefield comprising the steps of: providing an estimate of the wavefield φ07-12-2012
20120123740Zero Phase Real Time Filtering with a Recurrence Matrix - Processing of a signal includes identifying a past recurring pattern in the signal with a recurrence matrix, and filtering the signal and the recurring pattern such that the recurring pattern serves as a representation of future signal behavior.05-17-2012
20110184703SENSOR SIGNAL ALIGNMENT - Methods and systems, including computer readable mediums, are provided for transforming a measurement made relative to a first reference frame into a corresponding measurement relative to a second reference frame. Sensor signals that are produced by sensors in response to the sensors' motion relative to the first reference frame are transformed using a transformation matrix. The transformation generates corrected sensor signals that are relative to the axes of the second reference frame.07-28-2011
20100049474SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GATHERING AUDIENCE MEASURMENT DATA - Systems and methods are provided for gathering audience measurement data relating to exposure of an audience member to audio data. Audio data is received in a user system and is then encoded with audience measurement data. The encoded audio data is reproduced by the user system, picked up by a monitor and decoded to recover the audience measurement data.02-25-2010
20100010779Electromagnetic Coupling Device fo an Electromagnetic Radiation Detector - An integrated circuit intended to be assembled with an electromagnetic radiation detector, the integrated circuit comprising a device for processing signals stemming from the detector, the processing device being covered with at least one conductive plate for protection against electromagnetic radiation, intended to be placed between said detector and said integrated circuit, said conductive plate including one or more apertures letting through conductive elements providing an electrical connection between the processing device and the detector.01-14-2010
20120253748WIRELESS ELECTRONIC DEVICE TESTING METHOD - A wireless electronic device testing method utilizes a computer to test a wireless electronic device. The wireless electronic device testing method includes the following steps. Firstly, at least one wireless signal is received. Then, a device type of the wireless electronic device is recognized according to the wireless signal. Then, a judging step is performed to judge whether the device type of the wireless electronic device complies with a preset device type. If the judging condition is satisfied, the wireless signal is converted into a control code. Then, another judging step is performed to judge whether the control complies with a preset control code. Afterwards, a judging result is shown. In this testing method, the wireless signal is converted into a control code by a control program, and the control code is directly transmitted to a test program to be tested. As a consequence, the testing efficacy is enhanced.10-04-2012
20120259591KEYBOARD TESTING METHOD - A keyboard testing method is used for testing an ordinary key and a special key. The keyboard testing method includes the following steps. Firstly, receive a key message outputted from the keyboard. Then, detect the key message and judge whether the key message is a special message. If the key message is the special message, intercept the special message and convert a code of the special message. Then, judge whether the code of the converted special message is one of plural default key codes. If the key message is an ordinary message, process the ordinary message and judge whether a code of the processed ordinary message is one of the default key codes. After all keys of the keyboard have been tested, the keyboard testing method is completed. The use of the keyboard testing method of the present invention is able to test the special key of the keyboard.10-11-2012
20120259590METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSED SENSING WITH JOINT SPARSITY - Provided is a method and apparatus for support recovery of jointly sparse signals from a plurality of snapshots, thereby enhancing a capability for reconstructing a support in a variety of circumstances, by providing enhanced robustness against noise and perturbation, and/or enhanced computational efficiency. The method may include partial support recovery using a compressed sensing-multiple measurement vector (CS-MMV) scheme; and a complementary support recovery and sparsity level estimation. The complementary support recovery may use subspace information extracted from the plurality of snapshots and partial support information. The total number of elements in the partial support and in the complementary support may be equal to the sparsity level.10-11-2012
20120259589APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES THROUGH MULTIPLE THICKNESSES WITH BEAM-THROUGH ASSIST - Apparatuses, methods, software, and systems for analyzing homogeneous samples containing signal emitting entities, such as, but not limited to, radioisotopes, are disclosed. The apparatuses involve sample-container apparatuses that shape samples into different thicknesses. The methods involve characteristic signal acquisition and processing in order to compute sample self-attenuation of signals emitted from within special sample-container apparatuses. An external radiation reference-source having at least one prominent characteristic signal to beam-through the sample without interfering with the radiation signals emitted by the homogeneous sample, wherein the external reference-source is affixed to the reference-source positioning device, which is affixed to the sample-container. The software pairs characteristic signals from samples of varying thicknesses; computes sample self-attenuation, transmittance, signal detection-efficiency calibration of the detection system, identifies, and quantifies signal-emitters. The systems integrate and support the methods, apparatuses, and software.10-11-2012
20130173220Radiation Analysis System and Method - A radiation analysis system/method that automatically optimizes the efficiency calibration of a counting system based on benchmark data and variable parameters associated with radiation source/sensor/environment (RSSE) combinations is disclosed. The system/method bifurcates RSSE context (SSEC) model parameters into WELL-KNOWN (fixed) parameters (WNP) and NOT-WELL-KNOWN (variable) parameters (NWP). The NWP have associated lower/upper limit values (LULV) and a shape distribution (LUSD) describing NWP characteristics. SSEC models are evaluated using randomized statistical NWP variations or by using smart routines that perform a focused search within the LULV/LUSD to generate model calibration values (MCV) and calibration uncertainty values (UCV) describing the overall SSEC efficiencies. Sensor measurements using the MCV/UCV generate a measurement value and uncertainty estimation value. An exemplary embodiment optimizes geometry models of radiation sources by benchmarking with respect to measurement data from spectroscopy detectors and/or dose rate detectors.07-04-2013
20120239349Method to detect signals - A method is offered to detect a signal in mixture with noise analyzing a structure of the mixture “by partial intensity”. It is done by a reclassification of initial data in such a way every decimal digit becomes the top digit of a correspondent operational set. An embodiment of the invention offers a local television to switch on brightness of a dot on a screen of TV when a weak signal appears detected indirectly while no signal is directly observed in a mixture with a strong noise. Another embodiment of the invention offers mobile bearing by recognizing and processing two contrasted patterns of bearing. While a pattern of high intensity masks a pattern of low intensity, the task of bearing appears one to detect a signal in noise or under hindrance.09-20-2012
20120265491NON-DESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION INSTRUMENT EMPLOYING MULTIPLE SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES IN AN INTEGRAL ENCLOSURE - A non-destructive inspection (NDI) instrument includes a sensor connection system configured to receive test signals from at least two different types of NDI sensors which are configured to obtain test signals from an object being tested. The sensor connection system has sensor-specific connection circuits and at least one common sensor connection circuit. A data acquisition circuitry is coupled to the sensor connection and has sensor-specific data acquisition circuits and at least one common data acquisition circuit. It is further coupled to a common digital data processor which executes sensor-specific processing modules and at least one common processing module. A common display screen and user interface is coupled to the data processor and enables programs including sensor-specific user interface modules and at least one common user interface module. The sensor types preferably include all of or any combination of an ultrasound sensor, an eddy current sensor and acoustic sensor.10-18-2012
20120265492Method, Device and System for Detecting Medical Equipment - The present invention discloses a detection method, device and system for medical equipment, wherein the method comprises that: a detection device sends operation parameters to a detected equipment; the detection device obtains detection parameters in a case that the detected equipment operates under the operation parameters; the detection device compares the detection parameters with reference data, wherein the reference data are data obtained through detecting the detected equipment by the detection device; and the detection device determines the operation state of the detected equipment according to the comparison result. By the present invention, realized is an overall, systematic automatic detection of the operation parameters output by the detected equipment.10-18-2012
20120330618Methods and Systems for Recording and Recalling Events - To record events, a vector A is taken of n measurements An. Each measurement An is converted into a binary vector Bn using a binning process. Measurements in vector Bn, are transformed using a kernel operation, to make a vector Cn. All vectors Cn are concatenated into a single vector D. A binary vector M is created with P bits set. A date and vector A are recorded against vector M in a database Z. Vector D is associated into a correlation matrix memory R against vector M. To recall events, the above steps are repeated up to concatenating all vectors Cn into single vector D. Vector D is then used to access a correlation matrix memory R to recall an association vector S, and vector S is applied directly or indirectly to database Z to recover the or each date associated with vector S. This may facilitate the monitoring of assets such as generators, gas turbines, motors, and larger assets such as trains, boats and planes, to ensure that they continue to operate reliably.12-27-2012
20120323532VEHICLE COUNTING DEVICE AND VEHICLE COUNTING METHOD - A vehicle counting device including: a frequency analysis unit that analyzes a frequency of a surrounding sound detected by a vehicle sound detection microphone; a vehicle sound candidate selection unit that selects, as one or more vehicle sound candidates, one or more sounds included in the surrounding sound, based on the analysis by the frequency analysis unit, each of the one or more sounds being in a frequency band where a sound pressure is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value; a phase curve calculation unit that calculates, for each of the one or more vehicle sound candidates, a phase curve; and a vehicle count determination unit that classifies the one or more phase curves into at least one group, based on shapes of the one or more phase curves, and determines a total number of the at least one group as the number of the nearby vehicles.12-20-2012
20120130682REAL-TIME DETECTION SYSTEM AND THE METHOD THEREOF - The invention discloses a real-time detection system for detecting the real-time machining by a rotating machine or rotating quality of a rotating machine. The real-time detection system of the invention comprises a signal capture module, a preprocessor, a processor and a comparison module. The signal capture module is used to capture a time-sequence signal of the rotating machine. The preprocessor is coupled to the signal capture module for receiving the time-sequence signal and generating a stationary time-sequence signal by a Fourier Transform. The processor is coupled to the preprocessor for receiving the stationary time-sequence signal and calculating a plurality of entropy of the stationary time-sequence signal by a predetermined way. The comparison module with an entropy table or a feature judgment mechanism of the entropy variation is coupled to the processor for receiving the plurality of entropy and comparing the plurality of entropy according to the entropy table or the feature judgment of the entropy variation and generating a quality signal.05-24-2012
20120130681METHOD, DEVICE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR MAGNETIC TAMPER DETECTION IN A METER - Described herein are embodiments of methods, devices and computer program products for tamper detection in a meter. One aspect of the method comprises using a magnetic field strength sensor to continuously detect magnetic field strength proximate to a meter. In one aspect, the magnetic field strength sensor produces an analog voltage signal proportional to the detected magnetic field strength. The analog voltage signal of the sensor is continuously converted to a digital voltage signal. The digital voltage signal is stored in a memory on an intermittent basis, and the digital voltage signal is monitored for an aberration that indicates tampering of the meter. If tampering is detected, then an alarm is triggered to indicate the tampering.05-24-2012
20120278043Fibre Optic Distributed Sensing - The application describes methods and apparatus for distributed fibre sensing, especially distributed acoustic/strain sensing. The method involves launching interrogating radiation in to an optical fibre and sampling radiation backscattered from within said fibre at a rate so as to acquire a plurality of samples corresponding to each sensing portion of interest. The plurality of samples are divided into separate processing channels and processed to determine a phase value for that channel. A quality metric is then applied to the processed phase data and the data combined to provide an overall phase value for the sensing portion based on the quality metric. The quality metric may be a measure of the degree of similarity of the processed data from the channels. The interrogating radiation may comprise two relatively narrow pulses separated by a relatively wide gap and the sampling rate may be set such that a plurality of substantially independent diversity samples are acquired.11-01-2012
20120278044METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MANAGING TRANSMISSIONS OF MEASUREMENTS PERIODICALLY CARRIED OUT BY A SENSOR - A method and device are provided for managing transmissions of a plurality of sets of measurements performed periodically by a measurement sensor capable of communicating with a collection device via a radio network. The method determines, according to a random distribution law, a date of transmission for each set of measurements of the plurality and transmits a message relating to at least one set of measurements, on one of the dates of transmission determined for the plurality.11-01-2012
20120101779Digital Event Timing - Methods, computer-readable mediums, and a circuit are provided. In one embodiment, a method is provided which obtains a digital sample. The method calculates a second derivative of the digital sample and thereafter determines when the second derivative passed through a zero crossing point. A master clock value and the second derivative value before and after the second derivate passes through zero are used to calculate a clock fraction and add the clock fraction to the master clock value. Thereafter, an event start signal is triggered to initiates signal processing.04-26-2012
20120290268MODULAR SENSOR ASSEMBLY INCLUDING REMOVABLE SENSING MODULE - A modular sensor assembly in which a sensing module may be packaged and provided separately from a signal processing module and which, in some applications, may facilitate disposal and/or replacement of the sensing module when exposed to a “dirty” or “contaminated” environment without requiring disposal and/or replacement of the entire sensor assembly. In certain applications, the sensing module may include at least one transducer or sensor and a local memory containing a set of conditioning coefficients. The sensing module may be removably coupled to a signal processing module which, in some cases, may be configured to download the set of conditioning coefficients stored in the local memory of the sensing module, and to use the set of conditioning coefficients to produce a substantially linearized output signal.11-15-2012
20100198561DATA ACQUISITION APPARATUS AND METHOD - The disclosure concerns a data acquisition apparatus and method. According to the disclosure, 08-05-2010
20100169051Optimized Stochastic Resonance Signal Detection Method - Apparatus and method for detecting micro-calcifications in mammograms using novel algorithms and stochastic resonance noise is provided, where a suitable dose of noise is added to the abnormal mammograms such that the performance of a suboptimal lesion detector is improved without altering the detector's parameters. A stochastic resonance noise-based detection approach is presented to improve suboptimal detectors which suffer from model mismatch due to the Gaussian assumption. Furthermore, a stochastic resonance noise-based detection enhancement framework is presented to deal with more general model mismatch cases.07-01-2010
20100169050SENSOR AND CONTROL SYSTEM - A system is disclosed that essentially eliminates the delay in measurement of temperature by a sensor due to exponential response of the sensor. The system finds the rate of change of the sensor signal, multiplies it by the time constant of the sensor signal and adds the result to the instantaneous value of the sensor signal to predict the final value of the sensor signal or the actual value of the temperature. When the sensor is permanently attached to an object, the final temperature of the object is predicted in a similar manner using the combined time constant value of the sensor and the object. The system can be software, analog hardware or digital hardware. The system also allows more accurate temperature control without undershoot or overshoot by providing a control signal proportional to the difference between a desired value and the predicted final value of the sensor signal. The system similarly eliminates the time delay in measurement and control of flow in thermal flow meters.07-01-2010
20130013261METERING SYSTEM HAVING IMPROVED SECURITY - Metering system (01-10-2013
20130018633METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CENTRAL FREQUENCY ESTIMATION - A method and apparatus comprising acquiring spectral measurements from an optical fiber sensor. The optical fiber sensor is an SBS-based sensor such as a BOTDA. The acquired measurements are of Brillouin interactions at a point along the optical fiber being excited by the lasers of the SBS-based sensor. The acquired measurements can comprise discreet measurements of the Brillouin gain spectrum (“BGS”) at the point along the fiber. The discreet measurements can be plotted as data points. A BGS can be defined by three parameters: the Brillouin frequency shift (“BFS”), the bandwidth and the peak gain. A Lorentzian curve can be used to model a BGS. A BFS can be determined by estimating the central frequency of the Lorentzian curve which is used to model the BGS.01-17-2013
20110161052Method for Reconstructing Sparse Streaming Signals Using Greedy Search - A method reconstructs a streaming signal x06-30-2011
20130024162Linear Variable Differential Transformer with Digital Electronics - Techniques for coupling with devices that convert displacements into differential voltages and improve the sensitivity of such devices. The disclosed system improves the accuracy and resolution of a transducers such as an LVDT by converting certain parts of the circuit to a digital circuit. One embodiment uses a processor, although other digital processing circuitry may also be used.01-24-2013
20080249748Painting process color analysis - A method and implementing computer system are provided for enabling a user to determine a starting glaze color for fired tiles in processes where there is a color change from a starting glaze color to a finished or fired tile color. In an exemplary embodiment, a tile painting application is illustrated and includes a camera arranged to take an image of a fired or finished tile that has been painted, glazed and fired in a tile kiln. The color of the fired tile is determined from the image or picture of the fired tile, and a color change database is accessed to determine the starting or bisque color glaze. Related painting process information, including the pre-firing glaze color, the fired glaze color and other tile firing parameters, is accessed from the database and is selectively displayed to a user. The user is then enabled to reproduce the fired tile using the retrieved bisque glaze color and the firing parameters. In another embodiment, a fired tile is divided into smaller segments for analysis. Each segment is analyzed and the fired color for each segment is determined and used in retrieving the starting glaze color and firing parameters for each segment of the tile. The user is thereby enabled to reproduce the fired tile on a segment-by-segment basis.10-09-2008
20080221838Method and device for processing data or signals with different synchronization sources - In processing devices, in particular in measuring, test or control units for the drivetrain or components thereof, it is often necessary to combine signals or data of different synchronization sources with one another or to process them whilst maintaining the original temporal relation. In order to achieve this, the signals or data have hitherto often been synchronized to a specific clock source, but this is frequently not possible. Therefore, a method and a device are specified which enable the processing of data or signals with different synchronization sources in a processing device 09-11-2008
20080221837METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING LOW-COHERENCE INTERFEROMETRY SIGNALS FOR INFORMATION ABOUT THIN FILM STRUCTURES - Methods and systems are disclosed for analyzing a scanning interferometry signal. Steps include: providing a scanning interferometry signal produced by a scanning interferometer for a first location of a test object (e.g., a sample having a thin film); providing a model function of the scanning interferometry signal produced by the scanning interferometer, wherein the model function is parametrized by one or more parameter values; fitting the model function to the scanning interferometry signal for each of a series of shifts in scan position between the model function and the scanning interferometry signal by varying the parameter values; and determining information about the test object (e.g., a surface height or height profile, and/or a thickness or thickness profile for a thin film in the test object) at the first location based on the fitting.09-11-2008
20120253749METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE BIDIRECTIONAL REFLECTANCE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION (BRDF) OF A SURFACE - A method for determining the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of a generally plane rough surface of a specimen made of a given material includes acquiring a refractive index of the material, the spectrum of total reflectance measured on the specimen, and the geometry of the profile of the surface. The geometry is determined by: detecting the height and approximating the surface of the specimen as a distribution of plane triangular microfaces. For each direction of incidence of the light on the surface of the specimen and for each direction of observation there is determined the angular orientation of the microfaces contributing to reflecting in a specular way the light incident in the direction of observation. The Fresnel factor defining the specular reflectance of each microface is determined. The total BRDF is determined as the sum of a Lambertian component and of a specular component.10-04-2012
20080215298Parameterization of non-linear/non-gaussian data distributions for efficient information sharing in distributed sensor networks - A method for parameterization of data distributions for efficient information sharing in distributed sensor networks including a plurality of sensors, comprising the steps of performing Bayesian multi-source data fusion and sharing probalistic data information.09-04-2008
20130090891POPULATION CALCULATION SYSTEM AND POPULATION CALCULATION METHOD - A population calculation system includes: an acquisition module acquiring the number of counted people who are counted as samples in a count area containing a target area; a first calculation module calculating population in the count area on the basis of the number of counted people acquired and a scaling factor for determining the population in the count area on the basis of the number of counted people; a second calculation module calculating population in the target area on the basis of the population in the count area thus calculated; a quantization module concealing the population in the count area or the population in the target area on the basis of a class interval that is a product of concealment reference that is a reference value of a minimum summation unit and the scaling factor in calculation processing; and an output module outputting concealed population in the target area.04-11-2013
20130096882DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM FOR TEST AND MEASUREMENT SIGNALS - A system having an acquisition device for acquiring test and measurement data. For each input data signal, the acquisition device has two differential receivers of opposite polarity each having an output coupled to the input of different ones of two pairs of registers, resulting in four registers sampling the input data signal periodically at four different times in accordance with two clocking signals of different phase (phase shifted) 90° to provide a sampling rate four times the rate of the clocking signals. The resulting sample data is stored in memory along with downsampled data. A computer system can request readout of stored sample data and/or downsampled data during or after acquisition of sample data and downsampled data. The acquisition device preferably utilizes an FPGA to provide sampling, storage and readout of stored data. The FPGA may be reconfigurable to provide one of different data acquiring modes selectable by a user.04-18-2013
20130096883Multi-Component Regression/Multi-Component Analysis of Time Series Files - MCR provided estimated pure component time series spectra as extracted from infrared or other spectroscopy is capable of being compared to spectra in a reference library to find the best matches. The best match spectra can then each in turn be combined with the reference spectra, with the combinations also being screened for best matches versus any one of the estimated pure component time series spectra. These resulting best matches can then also undergo the foregoing combination and comparison steps. The process can repeat in this manner in an unbounded fashion if desired until an appropriate stopping point is reached, for example, when a desired number of best matches are identified, when some predetermined number of iterations has been performed, etc. This methodology is able to return best-match spectra with far fewer computational steps and greater speed than if all possible combinations of reference spectra are considered.04-18-2013
20130096881SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF PARTS - A waveform generator and a signal analyzer are respectively provided in electrical communication with an input transducer and an output transducer capable of conversion between electrical and acoustic signals, and in mechanical communication with the part. A processor coupled with the waveform generator and signal analyzer receives a set of parameters defining a frequency scan from which it determines a number of frequency sweeps to be performed by the waveform generator. Each of the frequency sweeps has a number of frequencies less than a maximum capacity of the waveform generator, and for each frequency sweep, the processor instructs the waveform generator to excite the input transducer and synchronously receiving a response signal with the signal analyzer at multiple frequencies.04-18-2013
20130096884SENSOR DATA PROCESSING - Apparatus for and a method of processing sensor data, the method including: using a sensor, measuring values of a parameter over a region of interest to produce an image of the region of interest, the image having a plurality of pixels; for each pixel, determining an orientation of a gradient of the parameter, at that pixel, using the measured parameter values; for each of a plurality of predetermined ranges of gradient orientation values, determining a number of pixels that have a gradient orientation value within that range; identifying the predetermined ranges that correspond to a number of pixels above a threshold value; and for each identified predetermined range, identifying as corresponding to a feature of an object, pixels that have gradient orientation values within that predetermined range.04-18-2013
20130103357Method for recognizing and/or assessment of device and/or process related disturbances in a measurement signal - A method for recognizing and/or assessment of device and/or process related disturbances in a measurement signal, especially in a turbidity measurement of a fluid or gaseous medium with the steps of: generation of transmittable signals by means of at least one transmitter, wherein the transmitted signal is transformed through interaction with the medium, depending on the measurement variable, collection of measurement signals by means of at least one of the collectors assigned to the transmitter from the transformed transmission signals, characterized in that, the measurement signals are further processed by generating a distortion ratio of the measurement signal by processing the measurement signal with a distortion factor acquired from a dimensional reduction technique, especially principal component analysis (PCA), wherein the distortion factor takes into account the principal components with the largest contribution to the total variance, and assessing the distortion ratio over the course of time.04-25-2013
20130132037MICROLITHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION EXPOSURE APPARATUS - A microlithographic projection exposure apparatus has a measuring device, by which a sequence of measurement values can be generated, and a processing unit for processing the measurement values. The processing unit has a processing chain which includes a plurality of digital signal processors. The first digital signal processor in the processing chain is connected to the measuring device to receive the sequence of measurement values. Each subsequent digital signal processor in the processing chain is connected to a respectively preceding digital signal processor in the processing chain. The digital signal processors are programmed so that each digital signal processor processes only a fraction of the measurement values and generates processing results therefrom, and forwards the remaining fraction of the measurement values to the respective next digital signal processor in the processing chain for processing.05-23-2013
20130144559SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LANDING IDENTIFICATION - Systems and methods disclosed herein may be useful for use in landing identification. In this regard, a method is provided comprising receiving pulse information over a first time period, wherein the pulse information is indicative of an angular distance traveled by a first wheel, comparing the pulse information to a threshold value, and determining a likelihood of a landing event based upon the comparison. In various embodiments, a system is provided comprising a monstable multivibrator in electrical communication with a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), a resistor-capacitor network in electrical communication with the MOSFET, and a comparator that receives a voltage from the resistor-capacitor network and a reference voltage.06-06-2013
20130144560Method and Apparatus for Calculating Electromagnetic Scattering Properties of Finite Periodic Structures - A method for calculating electromagnetic scattering properties of a finite periodic structure having a direction of periodicity is disclosed. The method numerically calculates electromagnetic scattering properties using spatial discretization in the direction of periodicity and numerically calculates electromagnetic scattering properties using spectral discretization in a direction orthogonal to the direction of periodicity.06-06-2013
20130144561OPTICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYSING TIME-DECAY SIGNALS - Systems and methods for analysing a time-domain signal are described. The method comprising: in a mixer (06-06-2013
20130144562SENSOR DEVICE, SENSOR MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SENSOR DEVICE, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM - A sensor device has a difference calculation unit that calculates the difference between a predetermined threshold and a current measured value measured by a sensor unit that measures a measurement subject, a change amount recording unit that records the maximum amount of change of the measured value with respect to elapsed time on the basis of a plurality of measured value history records obtained by measuring the measurement subject, and a minimum time calculation unit that calculates the minimum arrival time that is the minimum time for the measurement subject to arrive at the predetermined threshold from the current measured value on the basis of the calculated difference and the recorded maximum amount of change.06-06-2013
20130151203Detection of Moving Objects - A system for moving object (06-13-2013
20130151201METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING RECEIVED DATA - A method to produce low sidelobe and high resolution spectral analysis on short data records allowing higher resolution and more dynamic range on systems including radar (SAR, GMTI, MTI), sonar, electro-cardiograms, sonograms, MRI, CAT scan, seismic, and allowing real-time analysis on dynamic systems that must operate on short data records such as engine or machine controls and failure analysis.06-13-2013
20130151202COLLABORATIVE INCIDENT MEDIA RECORDING SYSTEM - Methods for responding to a potential incident are provided in which data about the potential incident is received from a first remote sensing unit. Additional remote sensing units are identified that may have additional data about the potential incident, and additional data about the potential incident is received from at least some of these additional remote sensing units. The totality of the received data is then analyzed, and at least one remote entity is automatically notified regarding the occurrence of the potential incident.06-13-2013
20100082302METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR UNDER-SAMPLED ACQUISITION AND TRANSMISSION OF PHOTOPLETHYSMOGRAPH (PPG) DATA AND RECONSTRUCTION OF FULL BAND PPG DATA AT THE RECEIVER - Certain aspects of the present disclosure relate to a method for compressed sensing (CS). The CS is a signal processing concept wherein significantly fewer sensor measurements than that suggested by Shannon/Nyquist sampling theorem can be used to recover signals with arbitrarily fine resolution. In this disclosure, the CS framework is applied for sensor signal processing in order to support low power robust sensors and reliable communication in Body Area Networks (BANs) for healthcare and fitness applications.04-01-2010
20120283993Measuring apparatus - A measuring apparatus for producing a sequence of measured values of a measured variable, which is a function of a first auxiliary measured variable and at least a second auxiliary measured variable. The apparatus includes a first measuring transducer for registering and for outputting a sequence of values of the first auxiliary measured variable, at least a second measuring transducer for registering and for outputting a sequence of values of the second auxiliary measured variable, an evaluating unit for calculating the sequence of measured values of the measured variable based on the sequences of values of the first auxiliary measured variable and at least the second auxiliary measured variable; wherein the measuring apparatus furthermore has a control unit for synchronizing the registering of the sequences of the first auxiliary measured variable and at least the second auxiliary measured variable by means of a first sequence of control signals, which is output to the first measuring transducer, and a second sequence of control signals, which is output to the second measuring transducer, wherein at least the first sequence of control signals is variable independently of the second sequence of control signals.11-08-2012
20130185023SYSTEMS, METHODS, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER-ACCESSIBLE-MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING POLARIZATION-MODE DISPERSION COMPENSATION IN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY - Exemplary systems, apparatus, methods and computer-accessible medium for generating information regarding at least one sample can be provided. For example, it is possible to receiving first data which is based on at least one first radiation provided to the sample(s) and at least one second radiation provided from the sample(s) that is/are associated with the first radiation(s) It is also possible to generate second data by reducing the influence of first optical effects induced on the first radiation(s) prior to reaching the sample(s), and second optical effects induced on the second radiation(s) after leaving the sample(s).07-18-2013
20110313732METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE SPATIALLY RESOLVED MEASUREMENT OF A PHYSICAL VARIABLE - A device for spatially resolved measuring of a physical variable has a device for generating a first electrical signal with a first frequency and a device for generating a second electrical signal with a second frequency. The second frequency differs from the first frequency by a difference frequency. An optical radiation source generates an optical signal modulated by the first frequency. The optical signal can interact with a test object and be modified in the process. A mixer can mix an electrical signal emerging from the optical signal with the second signal. A device, particularly embodied as a DDS system, generates a third electrical signal with a third frequency that corresponds to the difference frequency or a multiple of the difference frequency. A digital/analog converter digitizes the at least one mixed signal by sampling the mixed signal at the third frequency in order to digitize it.12-22-2011
20110320174DEVICES AND METHODS FOR DIRECT-SAMPLING ANALOG TIME-RESOLVED DETECTION - The subject invention discloses devices and methods for sampling an analog signal in order to perform data analysis. More particularly, the subject invention provides a time-resolved, direct, high-speed sampling of analog output of a detector, in order to capture harmonic content of the signal without the need to modulate the detection system. The sampling devices and corresponding methods include a detector module for measuring a response generated from a sample, an analog to digital converter for sampling the analog signal, received from the detector module, and converting it into a digital signal; and a logic circuit coupled to the converter for processing the digital signal. The sampling rate of the converter is faster than the response of the sample, and the logic circuit is capable of analyzing the digital signal acquired from the converter and continuously transferring the data analysis obtained to a storage or display device.12-29-2011
20120010858SIGNAL EVALUATING DEVICE AND SIGNAL EVALUATING METHOD - A signal evaluating device comprises: a binarizing portion for binarizing an input signal; a run length measuring portion for measuring the run length of the input signal during the evaluating interval, using the output of the binarizing portion as the input; and evaluating means for calculating, from the measurement results of the run length measuring portion, a distribution wherein the noise frequency distribution included in the input signal during the evaluating interval is assumed to be a geometric distribution, and for evaluating whether or not the input signal is valid through comparing the calculated frequency to the run length frequency obtained from the measurement results by the run length measuring portion (probability calculating portion, noise frequency calculating portion, and validity evaluating portion).01-12-2012
20120029880METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A SPECTRAL VECTOR FROM MEASURED ELECTRO-MAGNETIC-RADIAION INTENSITIES - Embodiments of the present invention are directed to determining the spectral vector of electromagnetic radiation reflected from, transmitted through, or emitted from a sample using a set of n intensity measurements. In general, the spectral vector has a dimension k that is greater than the number of measured intensities n. However, in many cases, the physical and chemical constraints of a system, when properly identified and modeled, effectively reduce the number of unknowns, generally the k components of the spectral vector, to an extent that allows for the spectral vector to be characterized from a relatively small number n of measured intensities.02-02-2012
20120029879ABOVE BED SENSOR - A monitoring system for monitoring a patient in a patient-support apparatus includes a detector, a standard, and a controller. The detector detects electromagnetic radiation in a field. The standard conveys a predetermined electromagnetic signature to the detector. The controller monitors the electromagnetic radiation in the field and compares the electromagnetic radiation to the standard to determine the position of a patient supported on a patient-support apparatus positioned in the field.02-02-2012
20130197865MEASURING DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR THE DECIMATION OF A DATASTREAM - A measuring device for an oscilloscope provides a decimation unit. The decimation unit provides at least one input, which receives a datastream with a plurality of sampled values from at least one data source. The decimation unit also has at least one output, at which a reduced datastream is output. The reduced datastream is formed from a root-mean-squared value of respectively at least two sampled values calculated by the decimation unit.08-01-2013
20120041717SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SENSING OF A NUCLEAR QUADRUPOLE RESONANCE - An improved system for sensing includes a first signal source for producing an excitation signal for exciting a specimen having a nuclear quadrupole resonance, a signal sampling device for sampling a response signal received from the specimen to produce a plurality of samples, a data storage device for storing a plurality of data corresponding to said plurality of samples; and a processor for time coherently processing the plurality of data to sense the nuclear quadrupole resonance of said specimen. An optional second signal source for producing a probe signal directed at the specimen can also be used, where the response signal corresponds to the probe signal having reflected off the specimen.02-16-2012
20120089371MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, MEASUREMENT METHOD, TEST APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM - Provided is a measurement apparatus that measures a signal under measurement having a waveform pattern that repeats with a predetermined cycle, comprising a sampling section that coherently samples the signal under measurement; and a waveform reconstructing section that reconstructs a partial waveform corresponding to a partial region of the waveform pattern, by arranging in a predetermined order pieces of sampling data corresponding to the partial region of the waveform pattern from among sampling data acquired by the sampling section.04-12-2012

Patent applications in class Measured signal processing

Patent applications in all subclasses Measured signal processing