Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Earth science

Subclass of:

702 - Data processing: measuring, calibrating, or testing

702001000 - MEASUREMENT SYSTEM IN A SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENT

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
702006000 Well logging or borehole study 618
702014000 Seismology 232
702003000 Weather 109
702005000 Topography (e.g., land mapping) 67
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100076687DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT CALCULATOR - Systems and methods for measuring an environmental footprint for a printing device. A system for measuring an environmental footprint for a printing device may include a processor communicating with an output device and a computer-readable storage medium in communication with the processor. The computer-readable storage medium may contain one or more programming instructions for providing at least one value for a measurement factor pertaining to the printing device, selecting one or more environmental footprint outputs based on a total impact of creation, usage and disposal of the printing device, determining an estimated emissions profile regarding one or more selected environmental footprint outputs including an amount of emissions to air and/or emissions to water, and causing a difference between the estimated emissions profile and an initial emissions profile to be displayed on the output device.03-25-2010
20130080057METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SORTING LiDAR DATA - A programmed computer or non-transitory computer readable storage media has instructions that are executable by a processor to identify LiDAR data points associated with items of vegetation or other objects. Each LiDAR data point is tested to determine if it lies within the value of a closed surface defined for higher LiDAR points. If so, the LiDAR point is grouped with the LiDAR points associated with a previously identified item of vegetation. If not, a new item of vegetation is identified.03-28-2013
20100042324Method and apparatus using towed or autonomous marine laboratory - Vessels comprising towed array and an autonomous self propelled instrument array can be use to perform marine laboratory tests as well as other functions. Propulsion can be provided by diesel-electric hybrid engines, by a motion charging device and by an ocean current generator. Data can be collected by the onboard laboratory and transmitted to a central database accessible by remote users. The vessel can also be used to counter natural and man made threats in a marine environment.02-18-2010
20100106420SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FORMING OPTIMIZED PERIMETER SURVEILLANCE - A method for forming a virtual tripwire through a subregion of an area of interest. The method may involve performing a geometric analysis of terrain in the subregion, the geometric analysis determining a location for each one of a pre-designated plurality of candidate sensors that may potentially be used in forming the virtual tripwire. A viewshed for each candidate sensor is determined. Each viewshed represents a coverage region for its associated candidate sensor. A geometric beginning point and a geometric end point within the subregion are each defined for the virtual tripwire. The viewsheds are analyzed to determine a number of the candidate sensors required to form a path for the virtual tripwire from the beginning point to the end point.04-29-2010
20120185170Profile Apparatus for In Situ Measurement of Sediment Oxygen Demand and Method of Using the Same - A profile apparatus that is useful in measuring sediment oxygen demand and methods utilizing the same.07-19-2012
20130046469DIFFUSE REFLECTANCE INFRARED FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROSCOPY FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF EARTH MATERIALS - The subject disclosure relates to the evaluation of lithology, mineralogy and organic content of earth materials. More particularly, the subject disclosure relates to evaluating lithology, mineralogy and organic content of earth materials using diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS).02-21-2013
20130046468NITROGEN POTENTIAL INDEX - Embodiments of a method for assessing potential nitrogen concentration of plant available nitrogen in soil comprises collecting soil samples, analyzing one or more of the soil samples to compute the amount of nitrate and the amount of ammonium, analyzing one or more of the soil samples to compute the amount of mineralizable nitrogen using a soil respiration method, obtaining a total plant available nitrogen value in the soil samples by summing the computed nitrate value, the computed ammonium value, and the computed mineralizable nitrogen value, and calculating a potential nitrogen assessment value by subtracting from the total plant available nitrogen value an amount of nitrogen applied at time of planting not represented within the soil sample and further subtracting an amount of nitrogen required to achieve the crop yield goal multiplied by the yield crop goal.02-21-2013
20130073205USABILITY OF STANDS MARKED FOR CUTTING IN TIMBER SUPPLY TO FACTORIES - A data system and a method for determining the harvestability and transportability of a stand marked for cutting, the method comprising: maintaining data on the properties of the soil of the stand; determining a value for the harvestability and transportability of the stand, which value is dependent on said properties; defining said value also on the basis of such conditions of said stand which affects said properties; maintaining data on the harvestability and transportability defined for the stand. Said property is one or more of the following: soil type, auxiliary attributes of the soil type, other permanent factors. Said conditions are one or more of the following: snow depth, frost depth, soil moisture content, temperature, amount of rainfall, quantity of growing stock, relations between tree species, other variable factors.03-21-2013
20130060470GEOMAGNETISM MEASUREMENT APPARATUS - In a geomagnetism measurement apparatus, a magnetic sensor detects magnetic data, and a storage unit stores the magnetic data sequentially output from the magnetic sensor. An ellipsoid generation unit calculates each ellipsoidal central point of first, second and third ellipsoids each of which has in the vicinity thereof a plurality of the magnetic data stored in the storage unit. An ellipsoidal central point decision unit decides whether or not a distance between respective ellipsoidal central points is equal to or less than a threshold value. A correction value generation unit calculates an ellipsoidal correction matrix for converting coordinates on an ellipsoid into coordinates on a sphere based on a coefficient matrix representing a shape of one of the first, second and third ellipsoids according to the decision result.03-07-2013
20130066556Pore Parameters and Hydraulic Parameters From Electric Impedance Spectra - The present disclosure relates to methods and apparatuses for estimating electrical impedance spectra and pore parameters. The method may include estimating electrical impedance spectra using an estimated average ion concentration in pores within an earth formation. The method may also include estimating electrical impedance information about the earth formation; and estimating at least one parameter of interest by comparing the electrical impedance information with the estimated electrical impedance spectra. The apparatus may include at least one processor. The apparatus may also include an electrical impedance tool configured for use in a borehole.03-14-2013
20130018585METHOD OF REAL TIME SUBSURFACE IMAGING USING ELECTROMAGNETIC DATA ACQUIRED FROM MOVING PLATFORMS - A method for the real time volume imaging of geological structures and/or man-made objects having electrical conductivity is described, using electromagnetic (EM) sources and/or EM sensors mounted from at least one moving platform. The EM sources may include natural EM sources and/or man-made inductive sources and/or man-made galvanic sources. The EM sensors may measure at least one component of the EM field at the at least one sensor position. The EM fields measured for each combination of EM source and EM sensor may be volume imaged in real time using a moving sensitivity domain that captures the finite spatial sensitivity of each combination of EM sources and EM sensors. At least one desired property, such as conductivity, dielectric permittivity and/or induced polarization parameters, may be derived from the volume image, providing a reconstruction or classification of the physical properties of the geological structures and/or man-made objects.01-17-2013
20130218471METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESMENT - Systems and devices for assessment of an impact by an event on an environment are disclosed. Processes for automated impact assessment are also disclosed. An impact assessment can be performed in computer-generated environments which include data regarding the environment impacted and data regarding the event impacting the environment. Environment data may be represented as a geospatial layer.08-22-2013
20100305859PORTABLE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING INSTRUMENT - A portable environmental monitoring instrument comprising: a housing comprising a main body and a cap; a display mounted to the housing; a processing circuit disposed within the main body, the processing circuit electrically connected to the display; a light sensor mounted to the housing and electrically connected to the processing circuit; a humidity sensor electrically connected to the processing circuit; and a probe member extending from the main body and exposed to the environment by opening the cap, the probe member carrying a temperature sensor at a distal end thereof and part of an electrical connection between the temperature sensor and the processing circuit, the processing circuit arranged to process signals received from the light sensor, the humidity sensor and the temperature sensor to obtain an environmental measure indicative of the affect of the environment and control the display to display data indicative of the environmental measure.12-02-2010
20120239298Geological Stress Inversion Using Fault Displacement and Slip Tendency - A computer-implemented method of determining the stress state associated with a geological fault is described. The source data comprises measured fault displacement values, or proxy displacement values, associated with the fault. An error function calculates error as a function of normalized fault displacement and normalized slip tendency. Candidate stress states are used to determine slip tendency values, which are used in the error function to calculate an error value. This value is minimized to determine the “best” candidate stress state.09-20-2012
20100100327ENVIRONMENTAL SENSING AND COMMUNICATION - One apparatus embodiment includes an electronic assembly, equipped to sense one or more changes in an environmental condition. The assembly includes a logic circuit coupled to: one or more environmental sensors, memory that provides data storage, and a wireless communicator. The logic circuit is configured to perform time measurement, perform environmental measurement with the one or more environmental sensors, store time-stamped environmental data in the memory, and communicate with particular other electronic assemblies, equipped to sense one or more changes in an environmental condition, via the wireless communicator. The logic circuit is also coupled to a power source that provides power to at least one of the logic circuit and the wireless communicator.04-22-2010
20090326821EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM, PORTABLE TERMINAL, EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM - A detection of an anomaly of geomagnetism and a collection of data are performed by using portable telephones. Direction variations measured by geomagnetic sensors mounted to the portable telephones are collected via data transmission lines for portable telephones, and the variations are observed for each area. Earthquake occurrence warning information is transmitted to a portable terminal of a collaborator for geomagnetism information provision in an area in which a number of occurrences of the variations is significantly large.12-31-2009
20080270028PIXEL BASED INVERSION METHOD FOR SURFACE ELECTROMAGNETIC MEASUREMENT - A method of determining the nature of a submarine or subterranean reservoir having an electromagnetic characteristic is described. The method comprises analyzing data associated with the application of a time varying electromagnetic field from above the reservoir using a data analysis methodology that does not utilize an estimate of the reservoir's geometry in determining one or more characteristics of the reservoir.10-30-2008
20100145619COMPUTATION OF ENERGY VALUES FOR ZODIAC DEGREES - A personal computer including a CPU, storage disk, software program and arithmetic logic circuits are used for computing the amount of energy in each degree of the zodiac using the longitudinal positions of various planetary bodies and their angular separations for astrology purposes, cosmology purposes and financial market trading purposes.06-10-2010
20090005990Method and system for estimating an agricultural management parameter - A system and method for estimating agricultural parameters for growing crops is well suited for promoting efficient utilization of agricultural inputs (e.g., water consumption). Sensors collect data via one or more vehicles equipped with location-determining receivers. A transmitter transmits the collected environmental data to a data processing system. The data processing system applies the collected environmental data to an agronomic model for determining an agricultural management parameter. A prescription is made available for application of an agricultural input (e.g., water) to a crop in a particular location consistent with the collected environmental data and the agronomic model.01-01-2009
20090240433System for Determining Risk of Loss to Coastal Wetlands - In accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure, a system for determining risk of loss to a wetland habitat is provided. The system comprises a computer, the computer configured to receive light detection and ranging data about a wetland habitat elevation and calculate the frequency distribution of the wetland habitat elevation based on the light detection and ranging data. The computer is further configured to calculate a skewness statistic based on the frequency distribution of the wetland habitat elevation, the skewness statistic being negative, zero, or positive. The computer is configured to calculate risk of loss to the wetland habitat by utilizing the skewness statistic.09-24-2009
20120143506Simultaneous Source Inversion for Marine Streamer Data With Cross-Correlation Objective Function - Method for simultaneous full-wavefield inversion of gathers of source (or receiver) encoded (06-07-2012
20120078516WATER QUALITY MEASURING METHOD, WATER QUALITY MEASURING DEVICE, AND WATER QUALITY MEASURING PROGRAM FOR MARINE SURFACE LAYERS - In order to enable measurement of salinity and a water temperature in a marine surface layer using data obtained by a marine radar, a deviation ΔS′ between effect of an ocean wave on received power RSI03-29-2012
20120078515Engineering design and construction of earthen fills - The invention is a composite of interdependent engineering methods for earthen fill engineering and construction. The invention provides a computer method for correlation of the combination-specific energy values with all physical and engineering properties of all soil types and amended soil types in the compacted state that correspond to and are the product of the specific combination of field variables. In addition to interdependent utilization of the energy and corresponding engineering properties in method development, the energy and corresponding engineering properties are cross-tabulated or integrated with curve intercepts within data-based cross-matrices of all field combinations for use in engineering design, laboratory compaction testing, and construction controls including site-specific moisture-density curve location. The cross-matrix values are related or intercepted in a manner that permits determining values for additional field combinations that have not been tested on a full scale.03-29-2012
20090222207METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PLUME CHARACTERIZATION - A method for mapping, in three dimensions, the contents of a plume within an area is described. The method includes distributing spectrally sensitive sensors on a first surface of a vehicle, distributing spectrally sensitive emitters on a second surface of a vehicle, causing the emitters to output a signal directed through the plume and towards the sensors, receiving at least a portion of the emitter output at the sensors, communicating an output of the sensors, the sensor output caused by the received optical emitter output, to a central processing unit, and analyzing the sensor outputs and time-based vehicle positions to characterize the plume and an area surrounding the plume in three dimensions over a period of time.09-03-2009
20120197526PROCEDURE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE AND TOTAL POROSITY OF CARBONATED SEDIMENTARY ROCKS, AND MORPHOLOGY CHARACTERIZATION OF THEIR MICRO AND NANOPORES - The present invention is concerned with a procedure to quantitatively determine both, total and effective porosity of carbonated sedimentary rocks, and is based on the elaboration of molds of the rock pores-structure and on the determination of the volumetric and gravimetric properties of the rock and its mold.08-02-2012
20100191468Estimating Photospheric Velocities for Space-Weather Prediction - A computer-implemented method for accurately estimating plasma velocities on the photosphere based on magnetic field data from vector magnetograms. Spatial and temporal derivatives of the magnetic field components are computed and a structure tensor containing terms that specifically include the horizontal magnetic field components is constructed. The structure tensor is convolved with a window function and a least-squares solution based on the convolved structure tensor is found. The solution includes the plasma velocities in the horizontal and vertical directions at the center of the window.07-29-2010
20100241356PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FOR DEEP GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL - A performance assessment system for deep geologic repository for radioactive waste disposal is introduced to integrate a number of independent sub-system to perform the repository assessments in a systematic way under computer-based environment. Basically, the sub-system includes the input data file preparation sub-system for near-field/far-field multiple running, the near-field/far-field multiple running sub-system and the uncertainty and sensitivity analysis sub-system. With the system, the assessment for the deep geologic repository for radioactive waste disposal in many aspects can be achieved more completely and precisely.09-23-2010
20090076729Method for determining true meridian and device for its implementation - The present technical solution provided allows it to determine true meridian of any movable object. This solution is based on determining true meridian by zero value of linear acceleration induced created by changing the projection of the vector of linear velocity, caused by rotating any heavenly body, in particular, the terrestrial globe. The determination is implemented in compact variant only by the devices located on the movable object without any necessity of using induced radiations, quickly and accurately without any necessity of knowing the coordinates of location and the speed of movement irrespective of weather conditions, transverse accelerations, temperature changes and external magnetic fields influence.03-19-2009
20120191349LANDFILL GAS SURFACE MONITOR AND METHODS - Embodiments of the invention provide systems, devices, and method for monitoring gas emissions within a geographic area. A method for monitoring gas emissions may include providing a gas-monitoring device configured to be moved within the geographic area. The method may also include determining geographic locations of the device as the device is moved within the geographic area, determining a quantity of one or more gases in the air as the device is moved within the geographic area, and associating the geographic locations with the quantity of gases to provide gas emissions data for the geographic area. The gas emissions data may be communicated to one or more external devices, sources, and/or systems for analysis, documentation, and/or compliance reporting.07-26-2012
20120130639SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING FLUID DISTRIBUTION IN A SUBTERRANEAN RESERVOIR - A system and method for determining fluid distribution in subterranean reservoirs including determining a water saturation in macroporosity from the capillary pressure data representative of the macroporosity using a saturation height function, correcting capillary pressure data representative of microporosity to have an entry pore value equivalent to a pore size defining the microporosity, determining a water saturation in the microporosity from the corrected capillary pressure data representative of the microporosity, and using the macroporosity water saturation and the microporosity water saturation to estimate fluid distribution within the subterranean reservoir. The system and method may also include the estimation of hydrocarbon reserves.05-24-2012
20090070040Sustainability Systems and Methods Directed to Food Compositions - A method of calculating the carbon or greenhouse gas footprint of a food composition includes determining the CO2 or greenhouse gas emission of each ingredient by associating a total energy value with the ingredient, determining the proportion of the total energy value contributed by each of at least one energy source, where each energy source has a characteristic CO2 or greenhouse gas emissions value, and then calculating a CO2 or greenhouse gas emission value for the ingredient based on the GHG emission values of each contributing energy source. Also, optimizing the CO2 or greenhouse gas emissions in the formulation of pet food employs this method.03-12-2009
20130138346METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR RAPID DETERMINATION OF TARGET DEPTH AND TRANSVERSE RESISTANCE - Disclosed are apparatus and methods for determining characteristics of a target region which is embedded in background material below a body of water. In accordance with one embodiment, a resistivity background is determined. In addition, characteristics of an electric dipole due to the target region are determined. A resistance for the target region is then computed using the characteristics of the electric dipole and the resistivity background. Other embodiments, aspects and features are also disclosed.05-30-2013
20110035151SUBSURFACE NUCLEAR MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS, METHODS AND APPARATUS - Methods and related systems are described for use for making subterranean nuclear measurements. The system can include a plurality of elongated scintillator members each generating optical signals in response to ionizing radiation. Optical detector units can be optically coupled to at least one end of each elongated scintillator member so as to detect optical signals from each elongated scintillator member. The system can be suitable for permanent or semi-permanent deployment downhole. For example, the system can operate for more than six months in a subterranean deployment measuring cosmic radiation. The system can be suited to monitor density changes in subterranean regions of interest, for example, density changes brought about by steam injection as part of a steam assisted gravity drainage operation.02-10-2011
20110246073SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING TREES IN LIDAR DATA USING VIEWS - A method and apparatus for identifying individual trees in LiDAR data based on the view of a LiDAR data point. In one embodiment, those LiDAR data points that do not have neighboring LiDAR data points that block the local view at a defined angle are considered to be in a central part of a tree canopy. In one embodiment, those LiDAR data points that are in a central part of a tree canopy are added to an output file that stores clusters of data points for each tree canopy detected. The central part of the tree canopy area can be analyzed to predict one or more characteristics of the tree.10-06-2011
20090048781METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING - The present invention is related to an environmental monitoring and analyzing device. The device contains a plurality of sensors, a control unit and a display unit. The different types of sensor obtain values of different environmental parameters. The control unit receives the obtained values of the environmental parameters and compares the obtained values against predetermined standards and criteria which define parameter ranges of the different environmental parameters. A display unit displays a real-time air quality report comprising a user-friendly interpretation of the obtained values and recommendations in response to the obtained values. The present invention offers a method for environmental monitoring and analyzing. By implementing this invention into an embodiment, the environmental monitoring analyzing is carried out instantly by considering the interrelationship of the obtained values of the different environmental parameters. The analyzed results are therefore much more accurate. A real-time comprehensive and easily understood by non technical user air quality report is provided.02-19-2009
20120035850METHOD OF MEASURING THE FLUX OF A SOIL GAS - A method for determining a flux of a gas contained in a medium through a boundary of the medium comprises 1) measuring at least twice with a probe a concentration C of the gas over a time interval Δt and 2) determining the flux of the gas using the following mathematical equation: (I) where F is the gas flux, D is the diffusivity value and ΔC is a variation in the gas concentration during the time interval Δt. The probe is placed proximate the boundary. The probe has a gas inlet, a cavity, a gas concentration sensor and a membrane. Each element is in fluid communication with each other so that the gas flows from the gas inlet through the membrane and contacts the gas concentration sensor.02-09-2012
20080270029METHOD FOR DETERMINING AND REPORTING THE PRESENCE OF RED TIDE AT BEACHES - Human observers stationed on or near beaches gather subjective observations of one or more observable beach conditions associated with respiratory distress. Subjectively determined observations such as dead fish and audible coughing provide a better indication of the likelihood of respiratory distress than measurements made using scientific instruments. The observations may be sent to a remote central database using handheld communication devices. A beach status evaluation is determined based on stored observations, and may be provided to beachgoers through Internet web pages or by telephone or text-message to enable beachgoers to choose an alternative beach or alternative activity when respiratory distress is likely.10-30-2008
20110153213Method to evaluate plants and soils to optimize conditions for phytoremediation - Phytoremediation is an economical method to remove contaminants from soils. Understanding the mechanisms that control adsorption of a contaminant to a soil particle is the first step in designing a phytoremediation project in order to optimize removal of said contaminant. To characterize soil conditions, the following data were collected: a) historical land use information, b) evaluating on-site soils and plants for contaminant identity and concentrations, c) particle size analysis of soil samples, d) estimate total organic matter of soil samples, e) conducting batch adsorption experiments to determine Kd values, varying pH levels and concentrations of standard solutions, g) testing on-site pH of soils, h) testing pH levels of standard solutions prior to and after contact with soils used for batch adsorption experiments, i) conducting alkalinity/hardness tests. Once the conditions are known, experiments can be designed manipulating conditions to find optimal conditions to maximize the removal of a contaminant.06-23-2011
20120303276SCOUR MONITORING SYSTEM - An apparatus and method for the monitoring of scour in a streambed at a site. The apparatus has a support member and at least one float sensor attached to the support member. The at least one float sensor is buried in the streambed and has a switch device, with the switch device being movable between a first position and a second position. As a scour event occurs which causes the streambed to be eroded beyond the at least one float sensor, the at least one float sensor will rise causing the switch device to be moved from the first position to the second position.11-29-2012
20110161008LAND SETTLEMENT MEASURING APPARATUS AND SYSTEM - Provided are a land settlement measuring apparatus and a land settlement measuring system. The land settlement measuring apparatus includes a magnetic field detection unit, a microprocessor, and a containing unit. The magnetic field detection unit includes a plurality of magnetic field detection sensors that are separated from each other in a predetermined interval. The microprocessor calculates a differential settlement amount based on a magnetic field detection signal transmitted from the magnetic field detection unit, in the case where a change in the magnetic field is detected by the sensor. The containing unit contains the magnetic field detection unit and the microprocessor. The land settlement measuring system includes a magnetic field generation unit, a land settlement measuring apparatus, and a data logger. The magnetic field generation unit is disposed at a predetermined position of a ground to be adjacent to a hole which is perforated down to an unmovable layer. The land settlement measuring apparatus passes through the hole so that the one end thereof is fixed to the unmovable layer, the land settlement measuring apparatus measuring a differential settlement amount according to a change in the position of the magnetic field generation unit. The data logger stores a result of the measurement transmitted from the land settlement measuring apparatus. According to the configuration, it is possible to collectively measure a differential settlement amount of a surface of a settling layer and a differential settlement amount of the settling layer in one system and to obtain a more accurate value of the measurement.06-30-2011
20080243391Information Managing/Providing System and Method - There is provided n information managing/providing system including a plurality of clients (10-02-2008
20100280755METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT - Systems and devices for assessment of an impact by an event on an environment are disclosed. Processes for automated impact assessment are also disclosed. An impact assessment can be performed in computer-generated environments which include data regarding the environment impacted and data regarding the event impacting the environment. Environment data may be represented as a geospatial layer.11-04-2010
20110004407REFRACTIVITY RETRIEVAL VIA DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF GNSS BENDING ANGLE - A method and system for taking direct measurements of GNSS signal's arrival angle to remotely measure the atmospheric variables used for weather prediction. More specifically, an improved method and system for obtaining and processing accurate information regarding the weather and other atmospheric changes by measuring the total refractive bending angle of the GNSS signal. For mobile platforms on which receivers are mounted, phased array receivers are used to allow precise measurements of GNSS arrival angles. By measuring the refractive bending angle, more accurate and cost-efficient measurements of atmospheric changes are obtained, thereby resulting in more accurate predictions of the weather.01-06-2011
20110137563ELECTRONIC GARDENING TOOL AND METHOD OF CONFIGURING THE SAME - The tools and methods disclosed herein can convert an analog signal from the soil sensor probes into a digital format that can be read by a low cost digital microcontroller which acts on the digital data with formulae and tables so that the displayed information is the same or nearly the same as the readings in the same soil from the analog meters. To provide accurate readings, the described tools can apply either of a fixed or floating calibration method to set a reference of the measured soil pH and moisture measure. The floating calibration method also permits adjustment of the measure reference to correct calibration imprecision induced by fluctuation in the battery voltage.06-09-2011
20100121578Data analysis system for determining coating conditions of a buried pipeline - A data analysis program operable for displaying at least one representation of a buried pipeline in a geographical area and associated on-pipe current values at various locations along the pipeline. The data analysis program is storable in a memory device and executable by a processor to generate a display on a display device. The data analysis program includes instructions for displaying a digital map representing at least a portion of the buried pipeline extending across the geographical area being surveyed. The program further includes instructions for displaying a current plot of current values associated with the various locations in the geographical area, and instructions for displaying a table having a plurality of fields including the leakage current values and associated geographical coordinates where the current values were measured in the geographical area being surveyed.05-13-2010
20110060525SYSTEM FOR MONITORING, DETERMINING, AND REPORTING DIRECTIONAL SPECTRA OF OCEAN SURFACE WAVES IN NEAR REAL-TIME FROM A MOORED BUOY - A moored buoy floating at the ocean surface and anchored to the seafloor precisely measures acceleration, pitch, roll, and Earth's magnetic flux field of the buoy over a limited sampling period. The system includes: 1) A buoy, 2) A mooring system, 3) An electronic data logger controlling communications between the system and the on-board remote telecommunications system, 4) an embedded computer for data input/output, temporary or permanent data storage, and algorithms to convert the measured time series data into surface ocean wave spectra and quality assurance statistics and encode the results for transfer to the data logger, 5) Sensors include one or three acceleration sensors, three orthogonal angular rate sensors, and three orthogonal magnetometers to measure the Earth's magnetic flux field, 6) A telecommunications system that links the buoy data logger and a shoreside processing system, and 7) A shoreside processing system that decodes the transmitted data, performs, quality control, and computes derived wave parameters.03-10-2011
20090210158Systems and methods to determine elastic properties of materials - The present invention provides systems and methods to use a measured driving-point response of a nonlinear material to determine one or more elastic properties of the material. The present invention takes advantage of the full information represented by the transient component, the steady-state component, the anharmonic components, and the nonlinear response components of a measured driving-point response of a real nonlinear material, without limitation in the use of large-amplitude forces. The elastic properties are determined by forming and solving a time-domain system of linear equations representing a differential equation model of the driving-point motions of the material. Based on a single, short duration, large-amplitude driving point measurement, both linear and nonlinear properties can be determined; both large-amplitude and near-zero amplitude properties can be determined; and elastic-wave speed and elastic moduli and their variation with depth can be determined.08-20-2009
20100030475SMART DATA SUBSURFACE DATA REPOSITORY SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT - A system, method and computer program product for source area contamination data acquisition, analysis and processing. The present invention leverages and expands direct sensing technology, knowledge and experience to provide detailed, real-time images of subsurface conditions. The latest technologies in sensors, digital processing, computation and 3D visualization are used to enable clients to work with a single contractor who can perform data acquisition, processing and analysis necessary to produce quantifiable, user-friendly 3D maps on a daily basis which can be delivered via the Internet and/or to mobile devices. This allows the owner and site project manager to make timely decisions as they guide investigation, remediation and monitoring efforts.02-04-2010
20110307177SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING VOLUMETRIC SOIL WATER CONTENT - The present invention relates to a method that obtains emissivity or reflectivity based on ratios of the brightness temperature measured by a satellite and the land surface temperature, calculates two reflectivity using polarizing features of a microwave according to surface characteristics, and measures a volumetric soil water content of a land surface considering that water has different physical characteristics from those of soil. In particular, it may be possible to measure volumetric soil water contents on territories of other countries as well as regions which have many limitations and troubles in direct measurement of the volumetric soil water contents. Accordingly, valuable materials in terms of nation economy may be produced together with substantial contribution to industrial fields that have direct effects on agriculture and disaster prevention.12-15-2011
20120209525METHOD FOR GEO-ELECTRICAL PROSPECTION - A geophysical method for searching and prospecting minerals is based on the 3D inversion of electrical prospection data. The conductivity of a medium is determined based on the measurement results on a basic observation system, generating a preliminary 3D model based such data carrying out a 3D calculation and calculating the offset relative to the measured data while excluding irregularities and selecting 3D objects having epicenters located under points of the basic observation system. This results in a precise 3D mode locating conductivity anomalies. Further measurements along the profiles extending through centers of the isolated anomalies can be effected, and used to correct the existing 3D model after which the presence of conductivity anomalies is confirmed or rejected and the parameters thereof are determined. The dimensions of the anomalies can be estimated and measurements made based thereon to obtain final geo-electrical 3D model of the medium being studied.08-16-2012
20120004848DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE OF A DYNAMIC CONE PENETROMETER FOR EVALUATING SOIL COMPACTION - The present invention includes a device and method for more particularly evaluating the compaction of soil by automating the use of a prior art dynamic cone penetrometer such that user error and error caused by field conditions are eliminated. Recordation of penetrometer data previously not recorded is made more precise by the present invention such that standardized measurement results. The device further includes means for facilitating the determination of compaction of soils through keyhole openings and a means for automating the collection and processing of the generated compaction data.01-05-2012
20120004847SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING TREES IN LIDAR DATA USING VIEWS - A method and apparatus for identifying individual trees in LiDAR data based on the view of a LiDAR data point. In one embodiment, the number of trees represented by a LiDAR data point cluster is estimated based on a calculated value related to the exposure to the sky of a LiDAR data point in the LiDAR data point cluster.01-05-2012
20120123681METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR DIAGNOSIS OF STRESS AND DISEASE IN HIGHER PLANTS - The present invention relates to a method, apparatus and a system of fast diagnosis of stresses and diseases in higher plants. The proposed methodology is based on the hypothesis of that when a plant is in imbalance; there are changes in its metabolism that render an alteration of the chemical composition of its organs. This chemical alteration leads to a change in the physical properties, such as the fluorescence of the leaves. Due to the complexity of the material of the leaves, the present method proposes that the signal be treated with statistical methods and that the classification is made through softwares based on machine learning. As an example of the application of the invention, the results are shown for the Greening disease in citrus. Currently, Greening is the most severe citrus disease since there is no treatment available for it and due to its high dissemination rate and the fact that it affects all varieties of orange trees, being the diagnosis performed through visual inspection, which renders high subjectivity, high error percentage and the disease is only diagnosed after the expression of the symptoms (˜8 months). During the asymptomatic phase, the infected tree is a source of dissemination of the disease. The present invention can perform the asymptomatic diagnosis of Greening disease from the leaf with a percentage of correct diagnosis higher than 80%.05-17-2012
20090132166Processing Measurement Data in a Deep Water Application - To process subterranean survey data, measurement data is collected by a receiver positioned in deep water, where the collected measurement data is responsive to signals emitted by at least one signal source located at or near an air-water interface of the body of water. The measurement data is processed to reduce a predetermined signal component.05-21-2009
20120316786RTM SEISMIC IMAGING USING INCREMENTAL RESOLUTION METHODS - A system and method implementing a hierarchical approach to RTM (Reverse Time Migration) seismic imaging at different granularity in space and time. An RTM seismic imaging algorithm utilizes RTM technique to convert a parallel problem into one solved using massive domain partitioning. In the method, a coarse-grain grid for the 3D volume of the geological subsurface structure under investigation is initially processed, permitting the RTM imaging process to be performed faster and produces lower level seismic image for inspection. Criteria are then applied to the first level of seismic image to determine whether to reject the image or whether a finer resolution seismic imaging is needed. In the case of finer resolution is needed, RTM resolution for the target volume is adjusted accordingly and RTM imaging process is applied with the new resolution. The process is repeated until either the image is accepted or rejected.12-13-2012
20120215445Automated Control of Analytical Sampling with Environmental Monitoring System - A new and improved environmental field monitor station is disclosed. A novel and analytical sampling control device with a removable analytical sample collection device is described. Also a novel field station having the analytical sampling control device with the removable analytical sample collection device is described. Methods of using and controlling the analytical sampling control device, both within in a field station and from a base station, are described.08-23-2012
20120316785RTM SEISMIC IMAGING USING COMBINED SHOT DATA - A system, method and computer program product for seismic imaging implements a seismic imaging algorithm utilizing Reverse Time Migration technique requiring large communication bandwidth and low latency to convert a parallel problem into one solved using massive domain partitioning. Several aspects of the imaging problem are addressed, including very regular and local communication patterns, balanced compute and communication requirements, scratch data handling and multiple-pass approaches. The partitioning of the velocity model into processing blocks allows each sub-problem to fit in a local cache, increasing locality and bandwidth and reducing latency. The RTM seismic data processing utilizes data that includes combined shot data, i.e., shot data selected from amongst a plurality of shots that are combined at like spatial points of the volume.12-13-2012
20120179374ENVIRONMENTAL SENSING AND COMMUNICATION - One apparatus embodiment includes an electronic assembly, equipped to sense one or more changes in an environmental condition. The assembly includes a logic circuit coupled to: one or more environmental sensors, memory that provides data storage, and a wireless communicator. The logic circuit is configured to perform time measurement, perform environmental measurement with the one or more environmental sensors, store time-stamped environmental data in the memory, and communicate with particular other electronic assemblies, equipped to sense one or more changes in an environmental condition, via the wireless communicator. The logic circuit is also coupled to a power source that provides power to at least one of the logic circuit and the wireless communicator.07-12-2012
20120179373METHOD FOR MEASURING TOTAL PHOSPHORUS USING MULTI-PARAMETER WATER QUALITY DATA - Provided are a method and a system for measuring total phosphorus that may predict total phosphorus of a river valley using multi-parameter water quality that are measured in real time through a multi-parameter water quality measuring unit and the like, and may increase the accuracy thereof. The total phosphorus measuring method according to the present disclosure includes: computing a correlation between the multi-parameter water quality and the total phosphorus using multi-parameter water quality data and total phosphorus data measured for a predetermined period; selecting upper parameters having a high correlation from among the multi-parameter water quality based on the computation result; generating a total phosphorus prediction model through a regression analysis between the upper parameters and the total phosphorus; measuring the multi-parameter water quality; and predicting the total phosphorus by replacing the total phosphorus prediction model with the measured multi-parameter water quality.07-12-2012
20120179372Collecting Control Source Electromagnetic Signals - Concurrently measuring, correlating, and processing magnetic and electric field data includes measuring base band signals, and then up-converting those band signals to a higher frequency for filtering, while at the same time preserving phase and amplitude information. All timed elements in the system are rigorously synchronized. The increased data set results in improved signal-to-noise ratio and information correlation.07-12-2012
20120253673METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THREE DIMENSIONAL DYNAMIC MEASUREMENTS IN WATER SYSTEM - Techniques are disclosed for measuring one or more physical properties of a water system. For example, in one embodiment, a method comprises the following steps. A measurement platform is positioned at a first location of a given water system, wherein the measurement platform comprises a plurality of sensor devices distributed over a three dimensional space and configured to acquire data relating to one or more physical properties of the water system. A first set of measurement data is acquired from the water system at the first location via at least a portion of the plurality of sensor devices of the measurement platform. The measurement platform is moved along a predetermined path to at least a second location in the water system. At least a second set of measurement data is acquired from the water system at the second location via at least a portion of the plurality of sensor devices of the measurement platform. The method may further comprise generating an image based on the first set of measurement data and the at least a second set of measurement data, wherein the image represents the one or more physical properties of the water system.10-04-2012
20120226441Sensor Network for Detecting Riverbed Scour - A riverbed scour detection system, comprising a wireless sensor network embedded in areas of potential scour. The scour detection network has one or more vertical stacks of sensor nodes placed in the riverbed at known locations. The sensors detect each other, and non detection of a sensor indicates its removal by scour activity.09-06-2012
20090018774Real time environmental measurement and reporting system for navigable waterways and method of use - COTS devices are integrated into a system employing custom software and custom hardware and software interfaces to collect and communicate data concerning current flows around fixed structure (e.g., inland locks, bridges, harbor structures, etc.) in various bodies of water (e.g., inland waterways, harbors, canals, etc.). Embodiments comprise: sensors and communications equipment, for example wireless systems that transmit sensor data to a lock house; lock house communications equipment that receive sensor data; a processor, e.g., a personal computer, with installed custom software and interface for processing data; an Automatic Identification System (AIS) transponder interfaced to the processor; an AIS installed in vessels to include an electronic vector chart display, such as may be installed in a towboat pilothouse; and an optional web-based database application for lock operators to record dam operation scenarios that may be used in research, investigations, and the like.01-15-2009
20120232797METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING AND MAPPING SUBSURFACE RESISTIVITY ANOMALIES - A method for detecting a subterranean anomaly is provided. The method includes receiving signal data derived from a plurality of transmitters and at least one receiver; calculating a relationship for selected combinations of measurements provided by the signal data; estimating weighting factors for each transmitter, for a condition where there is a substantially equivalent potential across each of the transmitters; applying the weighting factors to the data; and identifying the anomaly in weighted data. Apparatus are also provided.09-13-2012
20130173162FIELD DETECTING DEVICE - A field detecting device includes at least one detecting module, a server module and a power module. Each of the detecting module, the server module and the power module has a casing. A first fixing structure and a first connecting pin are provided on the upper surfaces, and a second fixing structure and a connecting second pin are provided on the lower surface. The power module is capable of powering the detecting module and the server module. The server module is capable of driving the at least one detecting module according to the environment detecting program, so as to receive the environment detecting signals. Therefore, the assembling order of the detecting modules, the server module and the power module can be changed.07-04-2013
20120239299Computer-Automated Spatial Analysis - Some embodiments of the present invention automatically measure the impact of natural conditions and/or deliberate interventions on crop yields. Other embodiments automatically predict the impact of natural conditions and/or deliberate interventions on crop yields. By eliminating the need for human intervention, judgment, or discretion from the processes of measuring and predicting impact on yield, embodiments of the present invention enable such measurements and predictions to be made significantly more accurately, quickly, and inexpensively than has been possible with preexisting techniques.09-20-2012
20120089332System for Detecting Oil Spills and Method Thereof - Disclosed are systems and methods of detecting oil spills on the sea surface at night. According to some embodiments, implementations herein involve detection of the polarized reflectivity and the refractive index of the water and the oil using the polarization properties of the electromagnetic waves based on satellite data to accurately and quantitatively detect the position of the oil band spread on the sea.04-12-2012
20110320124VISIBILITY DETERMINATION IN ENVIRONMENTS CONTAINING AIRBORNE DUST PARTICLES - Determining optical visibility in an environment that may contain airborne dust particles is described. In one aspect, a method determines an ambient relative humidity in the environment. A near infrared wave is transmitted through a portion of the environment. An optical visibility in the environment is calculated based on the ambient relative humidity and attenuation of the near infrared wave during transmission through the environment. Various contrast thresholds are employed in the determination of optical visibility in the environment.12-29-2011
20120101729METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING GROUND DISPLACEMENT - Ground displacement detecting method and system are invented to save lives and properties. The system and method are quick, reliable, and cost-effective.04-26-2012
20120150445RESERVOIR GRID CONVERSION FOR SCALING STRAIN - One or more computer-readable media include computer-executable instructions to instruct a computing system to, for a given time, solve the elastic wave equation in tensorial form for a geological reservoir model subject to stated conditions; and adjust a grid associated with the geological reservoir model based on solution of the elastic wave equation in tensorial form for the given time. Various other apparatuses, systems, methods, etc., are also disclosed.06-14-2012
20130173163METHOD OF SUBSURFACE IMAGING USING SUPERPOSITION OF SENSOR SENSITIVITIES FROM GEOPHYSICAL DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS - Volume imaging of geological structures and/or man-made objects having physical property using geophysical field sources and/or sensors mounted from at least one data acquisition system. The sources may include natural field sources and/or man-made sources. The sensors may measure at least one component of the geophysical field. The subsets of the geophysical survey formed by the at least one source of geophysical data are selected, and the integrated sensitivity subdomains for selected subsets of the survey are determined by determining the volumes where the integrated sensitivity of the subset is greater than a predetermined threshold. The total sensitivity is determined as the superposition of the sensitivities from all of the integrated sensitivity subdomains. The fields measured for each combination of source and/or sensors may be volume imaged where 07-04-2013
20080243392METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRACKING INDIVIDUAL PLANTS WHILE GROWING AND/OR AFTER HARVEST - An apparatus and method of tracking individual plants growing and/or taken from a growing location, such as a field, growing bed, plot or greenhouse. Machine-readable data related to selected individual plants is maintained in close association with corresponding plants while growing or if the plant is taken from the growing location. Information about each plant, e.g. traits, characteristics, genetic make-up, can be added to a database that correlates the information to the machine-readable data. Thus, individual plants can be tracked and information about the plant is available by maintaining the machine-readable data with the plant. The machine-readable data can be read by a machine operatively communicated with a computer on which is stored the database. Identity and information about the plant is therefore available, without keeping specific track of a plant.10-02-2008
20130144527DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERSONAL HEALTH MONITORING BASED ON MULTITUDE-POINTS ENVIRONMENTAL DATA - A device, system and method for personal health monitoring based on multitude-points environmental data is disclosed. a plurality of indoor sensing devices and a plurality of outdoor sensing devices may be connected to a network to allow bidirectional communication between the sensing devices and a central server, and between the sensing devices themselves, over a communication network such as the internet. According to one method of the disclosed invention, a source of pollutions may be detected by comparing the levels of pollution sensed by different neighboring sensing devices and recommendations as to how to reduce the exposure to sensed pollutants may be sent to end users.06-06-2013
20080208473METHOD FOR CALCULATING ENVIRONMENTAL LOAD, PROGRAM FOR CALCULATING ENVIRONMENTAL LOAD, AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING UNITS - A technology is provided in which it is not necessary to modify a system on a production side, and in which man-hours required for registering an environmental load value on a supplier side are not increased, in cases of an item having a mismatch between units, in a process of adding up the environmental load values of a post-production product. The technology includes generating correction information for calculating the environmental load that is registered by the supplier at design time, and calculating the environmental load value at design time by using the correction information. In cases of calculating the environmental load value of a product actually produced from a designed product, the environmental load value is calculated using the correction information generated at design time.08-28-2008
20100286914CO2 concentration correcting apparatus and CO2 concentration correcting method11-11-2010
20130151153METHOD FOR MEASURING CROP CULTIVATION FREQUENCY OF SOIL AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING PRODUCTION REGION DECEPTION - Disclosed is a method for testing soil by means of biological methods using microorganisms that inhabit the soil to be tested. In addition, the authenticity of the production region of an agricultural product is determined from the soil adhered thereto. Specifically disclosed is a method for measuring the crop cultivation frequency of soil, which comprises a sample generation step for generating a suspension of soil to be measured as a micro-organism sample; a dropping step for dropping the suspension, which is the generated microorganism sample, into a plurality of nutrient sources in which the consumption rates of at least a portion thereof differ depending on the microorganism species; and an observation step for observing the cumulative consumption rate of each nutrient source by the microorganisms after dropping. In addition, the authenticity of the production region label is assessed by comparing the soil adhered to the agricultural product to soil from the production region on the label.06-13-2013
20100318296IDENTIFYING VEGETATION ATTRIBUTES FROM LIDAR DATA - Aspects of the present invention are directed at using LiDAR data to identify attributes of vegetation. In this regard, a method is provided that identifies the location of individual items of vegetation from raw LiDAR data. In one embodiment, the method includes selecting a coordinate position represented in the LiDAR data that generated a return signal. Then, a determination is made regarding whether the selected coordinate position is inside a geographic area allocated to a previously identified item of vegetation. If the selected coordinate position is not within a geographic area allocated to a previously identified item of vegetation, the method determines that the selected coordinate position is associated with a new item of vegetation. In this instance, a digital representation of the new item of vegetation is generated.12-16-2010
20110313666METHOD FOR MONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CROP CULTIVATION - The invention relates to a method, a system, apparatus, and software to be used for the method for the determination of the environmental impact of the production of cultivation plants and for increasing or maximizing a positive environmental impact. In the method, production parameters for cultivation are selected and cultivation procedures are performed, crop yieldhus produced is harvested, and a representative sample of the crop yield is delivered to reception analysis with the appendant information for the analysis of energy and carbon dioxide factors. An environmental impact index reflecting the environmental impact of the production of said cultivation plant is determined on the basis of this data and the appendant information. The index thus provided is utilized for the production of cultivation plants in an environmentally friendlier manner.12-22-2011
20120290205SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING GHG EMISSIONS IN BIOPRODUCT PRODUCTION PROCESSES - The method & system hereby described allows the calculation and determination of GHG emissions produced during the generation of bioproduct from different source materials. The method comprises capturing, processing and handling different parameters and data related to GHG emissions associated to every single process needed to produce bioproduct, in order to generate a total GHG emissions value by means of applying formulae to the captioned and processed isolated data referred to GHG emissions of every process.11-15-2012
20130204531Methods and Systems for Analyzing Samples - This disclosure relates to a method for analyzing a sample of material. The method includes (a) converting a portion of the sample into a plasma multiple times; (b) recording a spectrum of electromagnetic radiation emitted in response to each of the sample conversions to define a sequence of spectra for the sample, in which each member of the sequence corresponds to the spectrum recorded in response to a different one of the sample conversions; (c) using an electronic processor to compare the sequence of spectra for the sample to a sequence of spectra for each of at least one reference sample in a reference library; and (d) using the electronic processor to determine information about the sample based on the comparison to the reference samples in the library.08-08-2013
20120095684METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING - The present invention is related to an environmental monitoring and analyzing device. The device contains a plurality of sensors, a control unit and a display unit. The different types of sensor obtain values of different environmental parameters. The control unit receive the obtained values of the environmental parameters and compare the obtained values against predetermined standards and criteria which define parameter ranges of the different environmental parameters. A display unit display a real-time air quality report comprising a user-friendly interpretation of the obtained values and recommendations in response to the obtained values. By implementing this invention into an embodiment, the environmental monitoring analyzing is carried out instantly by considering the interrelationship of the obtained values of the different environmental parameters. The analyzed results are therefore much more accurate. A real-time comprehensive and easily understood by non-technical user air quality report is provided.04-19-2012
20120095683METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OIL SPILL DETECTION - The invention relates to a method for detecting the presence of hydrocarbons near an unmanned offshore oil platform. The method steps include monitoring reflected atmospheric and thermal radiation, detecting the presence of hydrocarbons, and generating an alert based on the presence of hydrocarbons.04-19-2012
20130211721Forest Inventory Assessment Using Remote Sensing Data - Methods and systems are provided that inventory a plot of trees based on data including one or more (e.g., all) of radar images of the plot, spectral images of the plot (e.g., high resolution images taken by satellite), other data (e.g., elevation, slope, aspect), and actual tree survey data physically collected about the plot and/or another plot having similar characteristics. Although the actual tree survey data collected is typically less than the amount of actual survey data used by prior approaches, the present systems and methods are still capable of inventorying the entire plot with a high degree of confidence (e.g., at least 95% confidence).08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Earth science

Patent applications in all subclasses Earth science