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Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., infrared)

Subclass of:

607 - Surgery: light, thermal, and electrical application

607001000 - LIGHT, THERMAL, AND ELECTRICAL APPLICATION

607096000 - Thermal applicators

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
607100000 Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., infrared) 88
20090048649Heat transfer device: seal and thermal energy contact units - A device has four fundamental components: an enclosure, a soft seal, a vacuum system and a thermal energy system having a thermal energy contacting element. The device provides thermal energy therapy and negative pressure therapy device simultaneously and/or in conjunction to a patient. The device has a thermal energy system that is more efficient in thermal energy transfer and the soft seal decreases tissue interface pressure to obtain the desired soft seal effect.02-19-2009
20130085553FUNCTIONAL ABDOMINAL BELT - The present invention relates to a functional health band, including a health band unit configured to have a first pocket formed at a center of a body, wherein the first pocket has an opening having a rear side thereof opened, and to have first and second fastening units provided at both ends of the body and a main body inserted into the first pocket in attachable and detachable manners and configured to comprise a low frequency generation unit for generating a low frequency and a heat generation unit for generating hot heat. If sweat is soaked in or alien substances are adhered to the health band unit after the functional health band is used for a specific duration of time, the main body can be separated from the health band unit and washed sanitarily.04-04-2013
20090312822Far Infrared Heat Emitting Therapeutic Device - A far infrared heat emitting device includes a pad for positioning over or around a body part of a user such as a waist, leg, arm, or back. The user may be a human or an animal such as a pet. The device can include straps to form a belt sized to fit around the waist of a human user. The belt includes a pad, a plurality of far infrared heat emitting elements, a charging inlet, a heating device, and a fastener for securing the belt to the human user. The device may be secured around the waist of the human user to provide relief from lower back pain.12-17-2009
20130079852Apparatus And Methods For Determining A Property Of A Tissue - An apparatus for determining a thermal property of tissue includes a base unit with one or more energy source and at least two, preferably detachable, leads. The distal end of each lead, which is introduced into the tissue to be treated, has at least two longitudinally spaced temperature measuring elements to measure surrounding tissue temperature and at least two longitudinally spaced electrode surfaces for applying current to the tissue. Each distal end is also provided with an element which uses energy emitted by the sources of energy to heat up the surrounding tissue. The base unit has computing elements, current generating elements for generating an alternating current, and conductance determining elements for determining the tissue conductance between pairs of electrode surfaces based on the alternating current applied by the current generating elements to the tissue. Methods for using the device and leads for use in the device are also described.03-28-2013
20130060309COOLED MEDICAL HANDPIECE - Apparatus and methods for treating tissue with electromagnetic radiation. A handpiece includes a housing and a baffle that divides an interior space of the housing into first and second channels. The housing further includes a first opening and a second opening coupled in fluid communication with the first opening by the first channel. The apparatus further includes a heat-generating element, such as a source of electromagnetic radiation, disposed at least partially in the first channel and an air-moving device coupled with the first channel. The air-moving device is configured to generate a forced flow of cooling air entering at the first opening and exhausted at the second opening. The cooling air receives heat transferred from the heat-generating element, which cools the heat-generating element, and the heated cooling air is exhausted from the second opening in a direction away from the tissue that is being treated with the electromagnetic radiation.03-07-2013
20130166002Wireless Magnetic Tracking - Illustrative embodiments of systems and methods for wireless magnetic tracking are disclosed. In one illustrative embodiment, a wireless magnetic tracking system may include a plurality of transmitting coils each configured to generate a magnetic field when energized, an active transponder configured to simultaneously (i) obtain measurements of the magnetic field when one of the plurality of transmitting coils is energized and (ii) transmit a wireless signal containing data concerning the measurements, and a computing device configured to (i) cause each of the plurality of transmitting coils to be sequentially energized, (ii) receive the data concerning the measurements, and (iii) determine a position and an orientation of the active transponder relative to the plurality of transmitting coils in response to the data concerning the measurements.06-27-2013
20090149930APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR COOLING A TREATMENT APPARATUS CONFIGURED TO NON-INVASIVELY DELIVER ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY TO A PATIENT'S TISSUE - Apparatus and methods for delivering electromagnetic energy to a patient's tissue. The treatment apparatus includes a closed-loop cooling system that cools the energy delivery device. The fluid forced to flow in the closed-loop cooling system is chilled to a first temperature at a location remote from the energy delivery device and is warmed to a higher second temperature near the energy delivery device. This promotes better control over the fluid temperature at the energy delivery device.06-11-2009
20100049284USE OF HEAT TO TREAT BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS EXPOSED TO DAMAGING RADIATION - A method wherein, following a therapeutic radiation treatment, a heat dose is administered to the treated cells to decrease the damage caused by radiation exposure or a therapeutic agent.02-25-2010
20090276017Thermal therapy temperature sensor calibration method - A thermal therapy of body tissue with electromagnetic energy is controlled by feedback from one or more temperature sensors placed in the vicinity of the tissue to be treated. The temperature sensors are calibrated by comparing stabilized temperature values of the one or more temperature sensors against a normal range of body temperature and adjusting sensed temperature to a value within a normal body temperature range if the actual temperature value of a stabilized temperature sensor is less than the normal body temperature range. The temperature adjustment to the temperature sensor is maintained throughout the thermal therapy which reduces the risk of thermal damage to healthy tissue located near the tissue to be treated.11-05-2009
20080249592Resiliently conformable applicator structure - A fluid filled applicator conformed to position a source of electromagnetic radiation adjacent a portion of human anatomy to interpose a fluid of known characteristics between the source and the adjacent tissue includes in its first form a generally resilient envelope rendered conformable to the body surface to which it is applied by adjusting the internal pressure therein. In an alternative form the fluid is confined to a selected depth of a vertical container and the limb or body part is then immersed therein while contained in a flexible sheath. The source may then be applied to any selected exterior portion of the container.10-09-2008
20080319518CHARGED PARTICLE GENERATOR AND FUNCTIONAL FABRIC HAVING A CHARGED PARTICLE EMISSION FUNCTION - Provided are a charged particle generator that continually generates large quantities of charged particles as a result of temperature dependent excitation, functional fibers comprising composite carbon particles, having SP12-25-2008
20090024193Method And Apparatus For Photothermal Treatment Of Tissue At Depth - The present invention provides method and apparatus for treating tissue in a region at depth by applying optical radiation thereto of a wavelength able to reach the depth of the region and of a selected relatively low power for a duration sufficient for the radiation to effect the desired treatment while concurrently cooling tissue above the selected region to protect such tissue. Treatment may be enhanced by applying mechanical, acoustic or electrical stimulation to the region.01-22-2009
20130138184TARGET FOR GENERATING CARBON IONS AND TREATMENT APPARATUS USING THE SAME - Provided are a carbon ion generation target and a treatment apparatus including the same. The treatment apparatus includes a support member, a carbon ion generation target fixed to the support member, and a laser for irradiating laser beam into the carbon ion generation target to generate carbon ions from the carbon ion generation target, thereby projecting the carbon ions onto a tumor portion of a patient. Here, the carbon ion generation target includes a substrate and carbon thin films disposed on the substrate.05-30-2013
20110245900DEEP HEATING HYPERTHERMIA USING PHASED ARRAYS AND PATIENT POSITIONING - A hyperthermia treatment system for heating a selected region within a target body that includes a power source and a plurality of electromagnetic applicators that are in electrical communication with the power source and arranged in a surrounding array around a focal region to concentrate their combined radiation output onto the focal region. The treatment system also includes a support mechanism that is adapted to support a target body within the surrounding array of applicators, and a positioning mechanism adapted to move the support mechanism and align the selected region within the target body with the focal region. Furthermore, the positioning mechanism is adapted to compensate for movement of the focal region in response to an interaction between the combined radiation output and the target body.10-06-2011
20130158633MOBILE DEVICE FOR THERAPEUTIC ACTION - The present disclosure relates to a mobile device for domestic use by a patient for therapeutic action on himself/herself, comprising: a millimeter wave generator that generates millimeter wave radiation, a millimeter wave antenna that emits millimeter waves generated by said millimeter wave generator in a predetermined direction, a coupling element that couples the millimeter wave antenna to the millimeter wave generator and that transmits the millimeter wave radiation generated by said millimeter wave generator to said millimeter wave antenna, a control unit that controls the millimeter wave generator, and a user interface that allows a patient to change settings of the device.06-20-2013
20100094385TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF PATIENTS DURING SURGERY - An infrared radiant heating system for raising or maintaining a uniform core temperature of the body of a patient during surgery, substantially without affecting the temperature of the area surrounding the patient's body, comprising: infrared radiant heating means which in use is located in an unobtrusive position near the patient to provide radiant heat to the entire body or one or more parts of the body of the patient; and control means in communication with the heating means for controlling the intensity level and distribution of intensity of the radiant heat on the patient's body such that in use the skin temperature of the patient's body is raised or maintained within a predetermined range resulting in the uniform core body temperature, substantially without affecting the temperature of the area surrounding the patient's body.04-15-2010
20120221080INFRARED THERAPY CHAMBER - A therapeutic chamber controls the targeted application of infrared radiation according to programs tailored to conditions or areas of the body in need of treatment. Programs are provided and may also be determined or designed by a treatment administrator or subject. An embodiment utilizes groups of carbon fiber impregnated infrared generating sheets to provide targeted radiation in an energy efficient fashion.08-30-2012
20120191165THERMOTHERAPHY DEVICE - A thermotherapy device (07-26-2012
20120239122APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR HOT-COLD CONTRAST THERAPY - The present invention teaches an apparatus and method for physical therapy using prompt changing temperature from hot to cold. Its application in proper conditions may promote human body's self recovery function, restore balance for soft tissues and relieve inner pressure.09-20-2012
20120089209Method and System for Treating a Biological Target Region Using Pulsed Electromagnetic Radiation - A method of treating a patient is described herein. The method can include the steps of identifying a target that contains biological tissue and directing one or more pulses of electromagnetic radiation at the target. The pulses of electromagnetic radiation can cause a temperature increase per unit of time in the biological tissue. Additionally, the temperature increase per unit of time can cause the change in the cell function in the biological tissue and can be within a range of approximately one degree Celsius per second to approximately one degree Celsius per microsecond.04-12-2012
20120089208System for Therapeutic Application of Heat - A low profile, mobile system for therapeutic application of heat such as far infrared (“FIR”) heat to an affected area of an individual's body including straps and a pad, the pad including a plurality of FIR emitting discs and heaters. The FIR emitting discs are ceramic discs of cordierite made of a mixture of magnesium oxide, aluminum oxide, silicon oxide and/or trace elements. The heat application system is designed for simple operation via a single button.04-12-2012
20110319971METHOD AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A TREATMENT BY SUBCUTANEOUS OR INTRACUTANEOUS IRRADIATION BY MEANS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION - To automatically control a treatment during which subcutaneous or intracutaneous irradiation by means of electromagnetic treatment radiation and possibly targeted electromagnetic radiation is carried out, the following steps are implemented: acquisition of several successive images l(t) of the treated zone by means of an external sensor (12-29-2011
20130282083IMAGE-GUIDED THERMOTHERAPY BASED ON SELECTIVE TISSUE THERMAL TREATMENT - Devices and techniques for thermotherapy based on optical imaging.10-24-2013
20080221649Method of sequentially treating tissue - A treatment for deep tissue using long effective pulse durations is described. Fatty tissue can be treated by delivering a beam of radiation to a subcutaneous fat region disposed relative to a dermal interface in a target region of skin. Radiation is delivered to a first region of tissue as by exposure to pulses of the beam of radiation in a stacked fashion. Between successive exposures of the first region of tissue, other regions of tissue are exposed to the beam of radiation.09-11-2008
20130172965SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ELICITING CUTANEOUS SENSATIONS BY ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION - The present disclosure provides various systems and methods for inducing cutaneous sensations by delivering electromagnetic radiation to directly or indirectly excite neural tissue. An electromagnetic radiation source, such as one or more infrared lasers, may be used to transcutaneously excite neural tissue. The excited neural tissue may be interpreted by the user's nervous system as cutaneous sensations. Accordingly, a system as described herein may be used to induce sensations to allow actual cutaneous sensations to be simulated. A system for inducing a cutaneous sensation via transcutaneously focused electromagnetic radiation may be incorporated in a display to provide cutaneous sensation feedback or used as a separate accessory component associated with a display. Numerous additional applications and variations are provided herein.07-04-2013
20100286752CAPSULAR DEVICE FOR ESTHETIC AND THERAPEUTIC BODY TREATMENT - A capsular device for esthetic and therapeutic treatment, but particular involves a device for body treatment that allows emission of infrared together with negative ions, allowing easy elimination of toxins, heavy metals, preventive control of some diseases and postsurgical therapeutic treatment; said capsular device has a fixed structure equipped with a rail on which a perpendicular mobile chamber is mounted, which is made up of an individual base configured by seat and back, said base having protective side arms and articulated cover with control panel with computer screen and screen with images of the patient, which enable constant follow-up of measurement variations.11-11-2010
20130123885APPARATUS, SYSTEMS, COMPUTER-ACCESSIBLE MEDIUM AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING RADIO FREQUENCY HYPERTHERMIA AND THERMAL CONTRAST IN A MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM - The present disclosure can provide exemplary apparatus, system, methods, and computer-accessible medium for generating a prediction model for at least one of an electromagnetic radiation absorption or a specific absorption rate (SAR). For example, according to certain exemplary embodiments, an exemplary method can include directing electromagnetic radiation at a subject using a plurality of transmit elements, obtaining electromagnetic radiation deposition information associated with a deposition of the at least one electromagnetic radiation within the subject using a sensing apparatus, and with a processor arrangement, generating the prediction model as a function of the electromagnetic radiation deposition information.05-16-2013
20130204330TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION FOR ALTERING SUSCEPTIBILITY OF TISSUE TO PHARMACEUTICALS AND RADIATION - Described herein are methods for modulating the susceptibility of one or more target or tissue regions, and particularly one or more brain regions, to a therapeutic agent such as a drug, immune agent, compound, radiation, etc. In particular, the methods and systems described herein may include magnetic stimulation (including transcranial magnetic stimulation) of target or non-target regions to modulate the susceptibility of the one or more target or tissue regions to a therapeutic agent.08-08-2013
20130211482THERAPEUTIC APPARATUS, COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR CONTROLLING THE FOCUS OF RADIATION INTO A MOVING TARGET ZONE - A therapeutic apparatus (08-15-2013
20130261710BLOCK COPOLYMER (BCP) ENCAPSULATED NANOPARTICLES AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF - This invention provides block copolymer (BCP) encapsulated nanoparticles. The BCP-encapsulated nanoparticles are used in methods for targeting a tumor, in methods of imaging a tumor and in methods of treating cancer including hyperthermia of tumors. This invention further provides processes for preparation of BCP-encapsulated nanoparticles.10-03-2013
20100010596METHOD AND SYSTEM RELATING TO HYPERTHERMIA - A method and system for selective heating of an object based on a model of the object, the method comprising the steps of: modeling of a wave front of a source, which wave front is propagated through the model object from a virtual antenna placed in the model of the specific region where heating is desired, simulating a radiated field and measuring the same using computer models of surrounding antenna system, time-reversing, transferring and synthesizing the signal in a real system, transmitting by a real antenna system the field in a time reversed order, and refocusing of time reversed signal at the original s the invariance of a wave equation under time reversal.01-14-2010
20130274840DEVICE FOR PERSONAL HEATING USING A DIRECTED ENERGY BEAM - The present disclosure describes improvements to personal heating that can raise the temperature of a target (e.g., a human) to maintain comfort, but at much less operating costs of conventional heating devices, e.g., space heaters. The embodiments describe devices (and system and methods) that utilize an energy beam (e.g., having a wavelength in the infrared spectrum) that changes the temperature of the outer layers of skin on a human. These embodiments offer an individualize solution to personal heating at relatively low energy consumption.10-17-2013
607101000 Microwave or RF (high frequency) 56
20080269851SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CREATING AN EFFECT USING MICROWAVE ENERGY TO SPECIFIED TISSUE - Systems, methods and devices for creating an effect using microwave energy to specified tissue are disclosed. A system for the application of microwave energy to a tissue includes a signal generator adapted to generate a microwave signal having predetermined characteristics, an applicator connected to the generator and adapted to apply microwave energy to tissue. The applicator includes one or more microwave antennas and a tissue interface, a vacuum source connected to the tissue interface, a cooling source connected to the tissue interface, and a controller adapted to control the signal generator, the vacuum source, and the coolant source. The tissue includes a first layer and a second layer, the second layer below the first layer. The controller is configured so that the system delivers energy such that a peak power loss density profile is created in the second layer.10-30-2008
20130079853Electronic system for influencing cellular functions in a warm-blooded mammalian subject - An electronic system activatable by electrical power is described. The system is useful for influencing cellular functions or malfunctions in a warm-blooded mammalian subject. The system includes one or more controllable low energy HF (High Frequency) carrier signal generator circuits, one or more data processors for receiving control information, one or more amplitude modulation control generators and one or more amplitude modulation frequency control generators. The amplitude modulation frequency control generators are adapted to accurately control the frequency of the amplitude modulations to within an accuracy of at least 1000 ppm, most preferably to within about 1 ppm, relative to one or more determined or predetermined reference amplitude modulation frequencies.03-28-2013
20090132015 Method and System for Using Directional Antennas in Medical Treatments - A method and system uses heat generated by radio frequency (RF) signals induced hyperthermia to destroy abnormal cells that cause diseases. A patient's body is not invaded with any substance or equipment. This invention incorporates a physical phenomenon that occurs when RF signals are added. When the amplitudes of RF signals are added there is a marked increase in the amplitude of the resulting signal. The physics of RF signals causes the intensity of the resulting signal to quadruple. Heat is generated as a result of intensity. In the present invention, RF signals from multiple directional antennas are added at a target location. At this location, preferably the amplitudes of the RF signals that are in phase. When this occurs, the intensity at that target location dramatically increases thereby the heat at that point dramatically increases. The intense heat at the target location destroys the cells at the target location. However, the amplitudes of the RF signals are only added at the target location. As a result, the increased intensity and intense heat only occur at that target location. Therefore, the RF signals do not affect the body at any other location.05-21-2009
20090326620Deployable Microwave Antenna for Treating Tissue - A microwave ablation system for treating tissue includes an assembly of antennas adapted to connect to a microwave generator. The microwave generator generates microwave energy. Each antenna of the assembly of antennas includes inner and outer conductors. The inner conductor has a length. The outer conductor has a longitudinal axis defined along a length thereof. The outer conductor at least partially surrounding the inner conductor at least partially along the length thereof. One of the inner conductor and the outer conductor is movable with respect to the other. At least one antenna of the assembly of antennas is deployable from a first state for ablating a first ablation region of tissue to a second deployable state for ablating a second ablation region of tissue. The first and second ablation tissue regions overlap to define an aggregate ablation region.12-31-2009
20090171424RF DEVICE FOR HEATING BIOLOGICAL TISSUE USING A VIBRATING APPLICATOR - Apparatus and methods for treating biological tissue 07-02-2009
20130166003Systems, Apparatus, Methods and Procedures for the Noninvasive Treatment of Tissue Using Microwave Energy - The present invention is directed to systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy. In one embodiment of the invention a medical device and associated apparatus and procedures are used to treat dermatological conditions using microwave energy.06-27-2013
20130190846Method and Apparatus for Diagnosing and Treating Neural Dysfunction - A method and apparatus for diagnosing and treating neural dysfunction is disclosed. This device has the capability of delivering the therapeutic electrical energy to more than one treatment electrode simultaneously. In another exemplary embodiment, this device can perform EMG testing both before and after the therapeutic energy has been delivered, to assess whether the target nerve was successfully treated. In another embodiment, the device has the capability to record and store sensory stimulation thresholds both before and after treatment is described, which allows the clinician to accurately determine whether the target nerve has been desensitized. Energy control may achieved by simultaneously comparing the tip temperature of each treatment electrode to a set temperature selected by the operator, and regulating the therapeutic energy output to maintain the set temperature. In another embodiment, EMG, stimulation thresholds, and graphs of temperature versus time can be conveniently displayed on a two-dimensional graphics display.07-25-2013
20100082082High-Strength Microwave Antenna Assemblies - Various high-strength microwave antenna assemblies are described herein. The microwave antenna has a radiating portion connected by a feedline to a power generating source, e.g., a generator. The antenna is a dipole antenna with the distal end of the radiating portion being tapered and terminating at a tip to allow for direct insertion into tissue. Antenna rigidity comes from placing distal and proximal radiating portions in a pre-stressed state, assembling them via threaded or overlapping joints, or fixedly attaching an inner conductor to the distal portion. The inner conductor is affixed to the distal portion by, e.g., welding, brazing, soldering, or by adhesives. A junction member made from a hard dielectric material, e.g., ceramic, can be placed between the two portions and can have uniform or non-uniform shapes to accommodate varying antenna designs. Electrical chokes may also be used to contain returning currents to the distal end of the antenna.04-01-2010
20110172748Device and Method for Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - A lower esophageal sphincter tightening device for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease which includes an insertion device, an energy source, and an energy transmitting device. The insertion device, by insertion through a body opening, positions the energy transmitting device in the proximity of the lower esophageal sphincter. The energy source generates and transmits energy via the insertion device to the energy transmitting device which directs the transmitted energy onto the lower esophageal sphincter which is comprised largely of collagen. The energy source transmits energy at a level sufficient to cause heating of the sphincter's collagen resulting in a shrinkage of the collagen and a tightening of the sphincter.07-14-2011
20080262578ELECTRODES USING TWO-PHASE HEAT TRANSFER AND MULTI-VARIATE ALGORITHMS FOR IMPROVED TEMPERATURE MONITORING AND CONTROL - A tissue hyperthermia system and method improves temperature monitoring and control along an energy emitter such as an RF electrode. A two-phase heat transfer system includes a material within an enclosed vessel that is thermally coupled to the electrode. Energizing the electrode to an operating condition emits energy into tissue and heats at least to a threshold temperature wherein the material undergoes a phase transformation within the vessel between a liquid phase and a vapor phase. The phase change assists in cooling, monitoring, and control of emitter temperature. Algorithms estimate maximum temperature either at the emitter or in tissue adjacent the emitter based on monitored parameters at the vessel. Multivariate algorithms use simultaneous power and temperature readings to estimate actual regional temperature, including electrode or tissue hot-spot temperature. A multivariate algorithm is based in particular upon time-dependent aspects of a pulsed RF operating mode. The multi-variate algorithms benefit temperature monitoring and control either together with the two-phase heat transfer system or with other more conventional devices.10-23-2008
20090254157METHOD FOR OPTIMISING FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF VEGETATIVE SYSTEMS OF AN ORGANISM AND A DEVICE FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD - The invention relates to biology and to human and animal physiology. The inventive method for optimising functional status of vegetative systems of the human organism consists in exposing the biologically active areas of the human body to the action of microwave electromagnetic pulse by exposing each area to the radiation, the frequency of which is predetermined separately for each area or for several areas equivalent in linear dimensions, the constant mean energy-flux density of which is maintained during the entire session, which is amplitude modulated by a signal which is quasi-randomly variable in the range of 20 Hz-50 kHz and which is circularly polarized. The inventive device for carrying out said method comprises, in-series connected, a microwave frequency generator, a modulator in the form of a pulse generator of quasi-random signals, a radiating aerial in the form of a flat broadside array and a control unit connected to each above-listed units. The aerial is embodied in such a way that it is circularly polarized and the device is also provided with a dielectric spacer, the thickness of which is fixed, which is made of a material transparent for the operating bandwidth and which is placeable between the aerial and the radiation area.10-08-2009
20130218242Reduction of RF Electrode Edge Effect - A skin surface is treated with bipolar RF energy. A first semiconductive cap disposed on a first distal end of a first electrode and a second semiconductive cap disposed on a second distal end of a second electrode are applied to the skin surface. RF energy is delivered from the first electrode and the second electrode through the first semiconductive cap and the second semiconductive cap, respectively, through the skin surface. A thickness of each semiconductive cap between a blunt skin contacting surface and a curved surface affixed to a respective electrode is thicker at an inner portion and thinner at a center portion to homogenize the electrical field at the skin surface.08-22-2013
20100087899SKIN TREATMENT USING VARIABLE RF - A skin treatment device used for cellulite treatment, skin tightening or body contouring which combines negative pressure treatment and RF treatment, where the RF treatment uses variable frequencies during a treatment cycle.04-08-2010
20130218243Reduction of RF Electrode Edge Effect - A skin surface is treated with RF energy (e.g., unipolar, monopolar, bipolar or multipolar RF delivery). A first semiconductive cap disposed on a first distal end of a first electrode and, optionally, a second semiconductive cap disposed on a second distal end of a second electrode are applied to the skin surface. RF energy is delivered from the first electrode and the second electrode through the first semiconductive cap and the second semiconductive cap, respectively, through the skin surface. The first semiconductive cap and/or the second semiconductive cap have an electrical conductivity matched or substantially matched to the skin's electrical conductivity (e.g., about 0.1 to about 2 times that of the skin).08-22-2013
20110060391Shielded Diathermy Applicator with Automatic Tuning and Low Incidental Radiation - An applicator supplying RF power for therapeutic diathermic treatment of a patient includes a radiation shielding device for shielding the applicator against misapplication of radiation to objects in the surroundings and unintended areas of the patient's body, and a coupling device for electrically coupling the radiation shielding device to at least one point of the body of a patient in a low impedance manner that reduces the potential drop from the grounded radiation shield to the body tissue.03-10-2011
20120303103DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TREATMENT OF TISSUE ADJACENT A BODILY CONDUIT BY THERMOCOMPRESSION - A method and apparatus of treating tissue adjacent to a bodily conduit using thermotherapy, while preventing obstructions of the bodily conduit due to edema employs the circulation of warmed fluid to maintain the temperature of the bodily conduit walls and compresses the tissue to be treated to increase the effectiveness of the irradiated heat. An energy-emitting source containing catheter is inserted in a bodily conduit and is positioned in a region of the tissue to be treated so that the energy-emitting source radiates energy to the tissue to be treated. Fluid warmed to over 30° C. is circulated into and through the catheter to warm walls of the bodily conduit adjacent the catheter. The warmed circulated fluid inflates a balloon to a pressure to compress the tissue to form a natural stent that remains after the catheter and compression balloon are removed.11-29-2012
20110034974HYPERTHERMIA DEVICES AND THEIR USES WITH NANOPARTICLES - A hyperthermia device comprising a generator of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields, an amplifier of this signal, a transmitter of the electromagnetic field generated, and a direct temperature measurement system is disclosed for use with one or more nanoparticles capable of dissipating the energy of the applied electromagnetic field in the form of heat and it being possible to directly control the temperature of said nanoparticles.02-10-2011
20080255643COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS RELATING TO PREVENTION OF CHEMOTHERAPY-INDUCED ALOPECIA - The present invention relates to a method for protecting a human patient or a mammalian animal to be subjected to chemotherapy treatment of a tumor not residing in the scalp of the patient or the skin of the animal against chemotherapy-induced alopecia, comprising administering to the scalp of the patient or the skin of the animal an effective amount of a composition comprising a chemical inducer of the stress protein response sufficiently prior to the administration of a chemotherapeutic drug. It also relates to pharmaceutical compositions for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia. It further relates to a method for protecting a human patient or a mammalian animal to be subjected to chemotherapy treatment of a tumor not residing in the scalp of the patient or the skin of the animal against chemotherapy-induced alopecia, comprising administering to the scalp of the patient or the skin of the animal an effective heat dose sufficiently prior to the administration of a chemotherapeutic drug.10-16-2008
20120022622Systems, Apparatus, Methods and Procedures for the Noninvasive Treatment of Tissue Using Microwave Energy - The present invention is directed to systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy. In one embodiment of the invention a medical device and associated apparatus and procedures are used to treat dermatological conditions using microwave energy.01-26-2012
20120065714RADIOFREQUENCY HYPERTHERMIA DEVICE WITH TARGET FEEDBACK SIGNAL MODULATION - The present invention relates to a radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia device for capacitive coupling comprising a radiofrequency source, an amplifier, a sensor, a feedback amplifier and a modulation signal generator, wherein the radiofrequency source produces a source signal which is modulated by the modulation signal generator, amplified by the amplifier and directed to a target, the sensor receives a feed back signal from the target that is directed to the feed back amplifier, wherein the feedback signal is amplified by the feedback amplifier and modulates the source signal to generate a target modified signal. This radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia device is designed for increasing the selectivity of the hyperthermia treatment.03-15-2012
20120109268MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT OF GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE - Apparatus and methods for treating tissue at or near a sphincter provide for transluminal introduction of an energy delivery device. The device includes a tissue compression member to compress target tissue at or near the sphincter. A radiofrequency energy source is coupleable to the delivery device to deliver radiofrequency energy to the target tissue. Energy is delivered to heat the tissue to a desired temperature. The desired temperature is selected to induce an injury-healing response or to inducing shrinkage of collagen fibers in the target tissue to thereby reduce laxity in the target tissue.05-03-2012
20110106226FLEXIBLE AND POROUS LARGE-AREA ELECTRODE FOR HEATING - The present invention relates to a flexible electric field capacitive coupled energy transfer means formed from a conductive metal coated flexible material or flexible metallic net. The improved energy transfer means is flexible, porous, light and easy to manipulate treatment electrode and is used in non-invasive electrical field hyperthermia.05-05-2011
20120172954Microwave Hyperthermia Treatment System - A microwave hyperthermia treatment system employs a set of antennas individually controllable to provide different phase and amplitude outputs and controlled to cycle through different sets of phases and amplitudes over time to minimize the effect of hotspots formed by any given set of phases and amplitudes and creating limiting high temperatures outside of a desired treatment area.07-05-2012
20100298913DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TREATMENT OF TISSUE ADJACENT A BODILY CONDUIT BY THERMOCOMPRESSION - A method and apparatus of treating tissue adjacent to a bodily conduit using thermotherapy, while preventing obstructions of the bodily conduit due to edema employs the circulation of warmed fluid to maintain the temperature of the bodily conduit walls and compresses the tissue to be treated to increase the effectiveness of the irradiated heat. An energy-emitting source containing catheter is inserted in a bodily conduit and is positioned in a region of the tissue to be treated so that the energy-emitting source radiates energy to the tissue to be treated. Fluid warmed to over 30° C. is circulated into and through the catheter to warm walls of the bodily conduit adjacent the catheter. The circulated fluid inflates a balloon to a pressure to compress the tissue to be treated. The combination of warmed fluid over 30° C. being circulated adjacent the bodily conduit to maintain the warmth in its walls and the compression of the tissue to be treated enables a natural stent to be formed that remains after the catheter and compression balloon is removed.11-25-2010
20090018628TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DELIVERING HIGH FREQUENCY ENERGY ACROSS LARGE TISSUE AREAS - Apparatus and methods for treating skin conditions that deliver high frequency energy across large tissue areas. The treatment apparatus comprises a treatment tip carrying a plurality of electrodes that are switched such that fewer than all of the electrodes are concurrently energized. The treatment tip includes a cooling mechanism that cools near-surface tissue regions disposed between the skin surface and the treated tissue by cooling the respective electrode that treats each of the regions. The cooling mechanism may include a heat transfer body intervening between the electrodes and a fluid delivery member configured to discharge coolant that impinges the heat transfer body. Alternatively, the cooling mechanism may include a fluid delivery member having individually valve-controlled passages configured to discharge a dedicated stream of coolant at each of the electrodes, a thermoelectric cooler, or a closed-loop fluid delivery member.01-15-2009
20120265277Coupling Method for Resonant Diathermy and Other Bio-Tissue Heating Applicators - A diathermy apparatus includes a cylindrical coil (10-18-2012
20110276113RF Tissue Modulation Devices and Methods of Using the Same - Minimally invasive RF tissue modulation devices are provided. In some aspects, the devices include a hand-held control unit and an elongated member. The hand-held control unit includes an electrical energy source and the elongated member has a proximal end operably coupling to the hand-held control unit. The RF tissue modulation device is configured to generate a plasma at a distal end plasma generator for a therapeutic duration. In some aspects, RF tissue modulation devices are provided and include an adapter that operably couples to a hand-held medical device. The adapter generates RF energy for delivery to a plasma generator on an elongated member. Methods of delivering the RF energy to the internal target tissue site are also provided.11-10-2011
20130282084Apparatus and Method for Treatment of In-Stent Restenosis - A catheter and catheter system can use energy tailored for remodeling and/or removal of target material proximate to a body lumen, often of stenotic material or tissue in the luminal wall of a blood vessel of a patient. An elongate flexible catheter body with a radially expandable structure may have a plurality of electrodes or other electrosurgical energy delivery surfaces to radially engage the luminal wall when the structure expands. Feedback using one or parameters of voltage, current, power, temperature, impedance magnitude, impedance phase angle, and frequency may be used to selectively control the delivery of energy.10-24-2013
20130238061ESTHETIC DEVICE - means for performing tissue diathermy. The combination of techniques provides a synergistic improvement of the cosmetic appearance of the skin.09-12-2013
20100286753Device and Method for Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - A lower esophageal sphincter tightening device for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease which includes an insertion device, an energy source, and an energy transmitting device. The insertion device, by insertion through a body opening, positions the energy transmitting device in the proximity of the lower esophageal sphincter. The energy source generates and transmits energy via the insertion device to the energy transmitting device which directs the transmitted energy onto the lower esophageal sphincter which is comprised largely of collagen. The energy source transmits energy at a level sufficient to cause heating of the sphincter's collagen resulting in a shrinkage of the collagen and a tightening of the sphincter.11-11-2010
20100318162THERMAL TREATMENT SYSTEM UTILIZING CONSTRUCTIVELY INTERFERING ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION - Methods and systems enable thermal treating a portion of a subject using microwave or other electromagnetic radiation without harming other portions of the subject. In an embodiment, a plurality of electromagnetic radiation transmitters are positioned within a thermal treatment system and coupled to a control processor. The electromagnetic radiation may be transmitted as a pseudorandom waveform and maybe microwave radiation. The control processor coordinates the transmitters so that emitted electromagnetic radiation constructively interferes within a treatment volume while radiation passing through the rest of the subject randomly interferes or appears as noise. As a result, in a volume in which the electromagnetic radiation waveforms arrive in phase the power of all the transmitters add constructively resulting in a significant temperature rise, while the rest of the subject is exposed to a much lower average power level and thus a lower temperature rise.12-16-2010
20130253622METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMODELING/PROFILING A TISSUE LUMEN, PARTICULARLY IN THE URETHRAL LUMEN IN THE PROSTATE GLAND - Apparatus for tissue lumen (such as urethra) remodeling includes an elongated shaft and at least one expandable structure on a distal end of the shaft. At least one desiccator or energy emitter is carried by the structure and operable to define a support structure in lumen tissue that resists lumen closure. Apparatus is also disclosed for identifying tissue or developing a profile of tissue along the lumen based at least in part on an electrical characteristic of the tissue. Methods of remodeling and profiling are also disclosed.09-26-2013
20120158101System for inducing desirable temperature effects on body tissue - A catheter and catheter system may be used to treat disease tissue by gentle heating in combination with gentle or standard dilation. An elongate flexible catheter body with a radially expandable balloon having a plurality of electrodes engage tissue including diseased tissue when the structure expands.06-21-2012
20120158100Driving Microneedle Arrays into Skin and Delivering RF Energy - A skin treatment includes applying vacuum to draw skin into contact with a plate defining a plurality of holes, inserting a plurality of needles through the plurality of holes into the skin, and delivering RF energy via the plurality of needles to treat the skin.06-21-2012
20130274841METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING ELECTRODE-SKIN CONTACT - Disclosed are a method and apparatus for improving electrode-skin contact. The electrode is a segmented electrode having an array of energy applying surfaces mounted on a substrate via at least one electro-mechanical energy converting element to a segment of skin. The electrode is coupled to the skin and a mechanism monitors the quality of electrode-skin contact under the energy applying surfaces. Activation of the electro-mechanical energy converting elements effects mechanical movement of the skin and energy applying surfaces and redistributes the skin surface coupled to the electrodes conforming it to the topography of the RF energy applying surfaces to optimize electrode-skin contact. The segmented electrode is operative to be disposable while enabling reuse of costly components of the electrode.10-17-2013
607102000 With temperature sensing 21
20110178584VAGINAL REMODELING DEVICE AND METHODS - This invention relates generally to apparatus and methods for tightening tissue of the female genitalia by heating targeted connective tissue with radiant energy, while cooling the mucosal epithelial surface over the target tissue to protect it from the heat. Embodiments include a handle and treatment tip that has both an energy delivery element and a cooling mechanism. The handle may be a two-handed handle allowing control even while rotating and maneuvering the treatment around the genital opening. The apparatus or system may also include an integrated controller, which may confirm tissue contact without applying RF energy, based only on the temperature of the applicator and the time since the last application of energy from the applicator.07-21-2011
20100100162CONTROLLED BIOTHERMOTHERAPY - A method for thermotherapy of a biological tissue by determining the temperature at which to heat a target site to be treated to provide a temperature to the site to effect therapy, the temperature above body temperature but below a protein denaturation temperature, as determined by a patient's experience of a sensation of pain. Thermotherapy is effected in the absence of coagulative effects by providing oscillatory energy at the predetermined temperature.04-22-2010
20100082083MICROWAVE SYSTEM TUNER - A microwave energy delivery and measurement system including a microwave energy source configured to delivery microwave energy, a measurement system, a switching network configured to connect the microwave energy delivery device between the microwave energy source and the measurement system, a tuner connected between the switching network and the microwave energy delivery device and a control system. The tuner adjusts the circuit impendence of the microwave energy delivery device based on a tuner control signal. The control system is configured to receive data from the measurement system, determine an impedance mismatch between the microwave energy delivery device and the microwave energy source and provide the control signal to the tuner. The measurement system includes an analog input configured to receive a first signal related to the energy delivered by the microwave energy source and an analog output configured to produce a second signal configured to drive the microwave energy delivery device. A parameter of the second signal is related to a property of the microwave energy delivery device.04-01-2010
20090270954METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTIVELY CONTROLLING THE TEMPERATURE OF A COOLANT DELIVERED TO A TREATMENT DEVICE - Apparatus and methods for predictively controlling the temperature of a coolant delivered to a treatment apparatus configured to non-invasively treat a patient's tissue with doses of electromagnetic energy. The treatment apparatus includes a closed-loop cooling system connected with an energy delivery device used to deliver the electromagnetic energy to the patient's tissue. Coolant is pumped from a reservoir to the energy delivery device in the closed-loop cooling system. The control temperature of the coolant in the reservoir is adjusted based upon the specific room air temperature. This predictive adjustment promotes better control over the coolant temperature at the energy delivery device by lessening the effects of heat gain in transit from the reservoir to the energy delivery device.10-29-2009
20130066406Method and Apparatus for Treating Subcutaneous Histological Features - A system and method for treating subcutaneous histological features without affecting adjacent tissues adversely employs microwave energy of selected power, frequency and duration to penetrate subcutaneous tissue and heat target areas with optimum doses to permanently affect the undesirable features. The frequency chosen preferentially interacts with the target as opposed to adjacent tissue, and the microwave energy is delivered as a short pulse causing minimal discomfort and side effects. By distributing microwave energy at the skin over an area and adjusting power and frequency, different conditions, such as hirsuitism and telangiectasia, can be effectively treated.03-14-2013
20120116486MICROWAVE CATHETER APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR RENAL NEUROMODULATION - Microwave catheter apparatuses, systems, and methods for achieving renal neuromodulation by intravascular access are disclosed herein. One aspect of the present application, for example, is directed to apparatuses, systems, and methods that incorporate a catheter treatment device comprising an elongated shaft. The elongated shaft is sized and configured to deliver a microwave transmission element to a renal artery via an intravascular path. Renal neuromodulation may be achieved via dielectric heating in the presence of microwave irradiation that modulates neural fibers that contribute to renal function or alters vascular structures that feed or perfuse the neural fibers.05-10-2012
201301660043D MICROWAVE SYSTEM AND METHODS - A therapeutic microwave system comprises a support unit having two or more separable segments; a microwave power assembly positioned between two separated segments of the support unit and including two or more microwave power supply devices; position adjustment componentry; and a central processing unit. The system may further include a temperature sensor for monitoring a treated subject's exhaled air temperature in real time and adjusting microwave irradiation accordingly, and a cooling device for controlling the patient's brain temperature during treatment.06-27-2013
20100082084MICROWAVE SYSTEM CALIBRATION APPARATUS AND METHOD OF USE - An apparatus for calibrating a microwave energy delivery device including a body, the body defining a chamber portion. The chamber portion is configured to receive a portion of a microwave energy delivery device and the body is configured to absorb energy transmitted by the microwave energy delivery device at a predetermined absorption rate.04-01-2010
20090118802Hyperthermia Treatment Systems and Methods - Systems and methods are disclosed to control the temperature of an RF hyperthermia system with minimum overshoot and to improve safety by, among other things, detecting a defective temperature sensor. Temperature overshoot may be minimized by compensating for the short-term temperature difference between the area being treated and the applicator delivering the RF energy. The RF energy may heat the tissue and then the tissue may transfer heat to the applicator sensor. The system may also adapt to various applicator sizes and shapes by modifying control loop coefficients based on initial probe response.05-07-2009
20130158634SELF OPERATED ESTHETIC DEVICE WITH A SUBSTRATE - The present invention provides a self-operated device for treating a skin of a patient, comprising: a. a substrate having a first side and a second side; b. a plurality of RF electrodes arranged in said substrate, said RF electrodes are configured to emit RF radiation from said first side to the surface of said skin; c. at least one RF generator configured to generate pulses of current to said RF electrodes; and, d. a control unit connected to said at least one RF generator, said control unit is adapted to control the operation of said RF electrodes; wherein said control unit is adapted to control the operation of said RF electrodes according to a predetermined treatment protocol, such that the same activates or deactivates at least one of said RF electrodes at any predetermined time interval according to a predetermined pattern so as to achieve a particular therapeutic result.06-20-2013
20090198309SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMAL THERAPY - The present invention is directed to systems and methods for thermal therapy, especially to detection-guided, -controlled, and temperature-modulated interstitial thermal therapy. Thermal therapy may be used to treat the tissues of a patient. In the case of interstitial thermal therapy, energy is applied to generate heating of the tissue to affect treatment, such as, for example, thermally inducing tissue damage (e.g. thermally-induced tissue necrosis), which may be useful in treating tumors and/or other diseased tissues. Since targets for thermal therapy are internal to the patient, the use of detection guidance may be useful in locating and monitoring treatment of a target tissue.08-06-2009
20120310311Body Contouring Apparatus - The current method and apparatus provide a body contouring apparatus employed in cosmetic body contouring treatments such as, but not limited to, fat reduction, body circumference reduction, cellulite reduction, skin tightening and skin rejuvenation at a clinical or dedicated professional setting, in the privacy of the subject's own home or at a comfortable and relaxing fitness room, sports activity center or spa-like environment.12-06-2012
20120221081PHASE-CHANGE AND SHAPE-CHANGE MATERIALS - Apparatus and methods are described for killing cancer cells (08-30-2012
20120232619Reinforced High Strength Microwave Antenna - High-strength microwave antenna assemblies and methods of use are described herein. The microwave antenna has a radiating portion connected by a feedline to a power generating source, e.g., a generator. Proximal and distal radiating portions of the antenna assembly are separated by a junction member. A reinforcing member is disposed within the junction member to increase structural rigidity.09-13-2012
20080221650Microwave applicator with adjustable heating length - A microwave applicator for applying microwave radiation to body tissue includes a microwave antenna formed by extending the center conductor of a coaxial cable beyond the end of the outer coaxial conductor and providing a conductive outer tip coupled to the center conductor with a space between the end of the outer conductor and the conductive tip. The length of the expected heating area caused by microwave energy applied to the antenna can be adjusted by positioning a conductive sleeve along the length of the antenna from one end of the antenna to cover a portion of the antenna, the length of the heating area being determined substantially by the length of the uncovered portion of the antenna. Treatment can include positioning one or more applicators into body tissue, adjusting the conductive sleeve with respect to the antenna to adjust the length of the heating area for each of the one or more applicators, and applying microwave energy to the applicators.09-11-2008
20130238062ESTHETIC DEVICE FOR BEAUTIFYING SKIN AND METHODS THEREOF - A device for improving the cosmetic appearance of the skin is disclosed, wherein said device comprises RF generating means for generating N independent RF signals of predetermined waveforms, frequencies, amplitudes, and relative phases; control means for controlling the output of said RF generating means, said control means in communication with said RF generating means; N pairs of RF electrodes, each of said pairs in independent communication with said RF generating means, said RF electrodes configured to transmit RF energy to said skin; and an electrically insulating casing adapted to hold said RF electrodes such that said RF electrodes may be placed in simultaneous physical contact with said skin.09-12-2013
20080200969TEMPERATURE SENSING APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR TREATMENT DEVICES USED TO DELIVER HIGH FREQUENCY ENERGY TO TISSUE - Apparatus and methods for delivering high frequency energy to tissue with improved temperature sensing. The treatment apparatus may be a delivery device positionable adjacent to the tissue. The delivery device may further include an electrode adapted to deliver high frequency energy to the tissue and at least one thermal sensor. In one embodiment, the thermal sensor may include a thermocouple junction of dissimilar metals formed by either thin film or thick film techniques. Alternatively, the thermal sensor may include a body composed of a resistive material having a resistance that varies with temperature to an extent sufficient to measure the skin temperature. A region of the delivery device near the thermal sensor may be heated, before skin contact is established during treatment, for purposes of detecting contact by the occurrence of heat loss from the delivery device region.08-21-2008
20130253623MODIFICATION OF AIRWAYS BY APPLICATION OF ENERGY - This relates to treating reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and more particularly, to exchanging energy with airway tissue such as that found in human lungs. This exchange of energy reduces the ability of the airways to constrict, reduces the resistance within the airway to the flow of air through the airway, reduces mucus plugging of the airways, and/or increases the airway diameter. This energy exchange also may reduce the ability of the lung to produce at least one of the symptoms of reversible obstructive pulmonary disease.09-26-2013
20130245728VAGINAL REMODELING DEVICE AND METHOD - This invention provides devices and methods for remodeling the female genital tissue, the device comprising a treatment tip, wherein the distal end of the treatment tip is conical, spherical, hemispherical, oval or circular in shape. The device further comprises one or more energy delivery elements for simultaneous cooling of the vaginal epithelium and transmission of energy for heating the tissues underneath the epithelium. In one embodiment, said device may further comprise one or more of the following: one or more temperature sensors for measuring the temperature at or below the epithelium; one or more directional sensors mounted on the hand piece or treatment tip; and one or more depth markers to show the depth of penetration of the treatment tip into the vagina. In another embodiment, this invention provides a device having a finger holder with electrodes for remodeling the female genital tissue.09-19-2013
20130245727SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMOLIPOLYSIS USING RF ENERGY - Disclosed herein are systems and methods for preferentially heating subcutaneous tissue. Systems for heating subcutaneous tissue may comprise one or more radio-frequency (RF) electrodes having contoured tissue contacting surfaces, such as electrodes with concave or convex surface contours. Methods may comprise applying RF voltage or current from one or both of the handpieces to attain a target tissue and/or electrode temperature and to maintain the tissue and/or electrode at that temperature.09-19-2013
20130282085SKIN TREATMENT DEVICES AND METHODS - A skin treatment device for home use is provided herein. The device has enhanced safety features and improved operation efficiency. RF energy is delivered under strict control to a relatively small and well localized volume of the skin, avoiding excessive heating of the skin surface. Surface heating is monitored both by direct temperature measurement and by movement monitoring of the device to ensure proper use and prevent skin overheating and the pain associated therewith.10-24-2013

Patent applications in class Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., infrared)

Patent applications in all subclasses Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., infrared)