Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Control signal storage (e.g., programming)

Subclass of:

607 - Surgery: light, thermal, and electrical application

607001000 - LIGHT, THERMAL, AND ELECTRICAL APPLICATION

607002000 - Electrical therapeutic systems

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20090210034System and Method for Monitoring Power Source Longevity of an Implantable Medical Device - Power source longevity monitor for an implantable medical device. An energy counter counts the amount of energy used by the implantable medical device. An energy converter converts the energy used into an estimate of remaining power source longevity and generating an energy longevity estimate. A voltage monitor monitors the voltage of the power source. A voltage converter converts the voltage monitored by the voltage monitor into an estimate of remaining longevity of the power source and generating a voltage longevity estimate. A calculator is operatively coupled to the energy converter and to the voltage converter and predicts the power source longevity using the energy longevity estimate early in the useful life of the power source and using the voltage longevity estimate later in the useful life of the power source.08-20-2009
20130085551DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TREATING PAIN WITH ELECTRICAL STIMULATION - Devices, systems and methods are provided for treating migraine headaches and other conditions by non-invasive electrical stimulation of nerves and other tissue. A hand-held device includes a housing with a controller having a signal generator, an electrode for delivering electrical signals, and a conductive surface configured as a return path for the electrical signals. In certain implementations, the electrode is repositionable with respect to the housing. The patient can self-apply the hand-held device by pressing it against areas in need of pain relief. The device may include a pressure-sensitive gating switch to control delivery of the stimulation therapy. In certain embodiments, the electrode is a rollerball electrode. The device may include a chamber for retaining and dispensing conductive gel to the therapy site. In certain approaches, the device includes an electrode support for coupling an electrical stimulation system to the head for hands-free electrical stimulation therapy.04-04-2013
20130085550MEDICAL IMPLANT RANGE EXTENSION BRIDGE APPARATUS AND METHOD - A medical device for use in providing therapy to a patient by bridging or otherwise extending the range of an external device for wirelessly connecting to a medical device, such as an implanted medical device for providing stimulation therapy to a patient04-04-2013
20100010572ADJUSTMENT OF POSTURE-RESPONSIVE THERAPY - In general, the disclosure relates to the delivery of therapy according to a detected posture state of a patient. The disclosure contemplates a variety of techniques for managing therapy delivered to a patent. In one example, the disclosure relates to a technique including delivering therapy to a patient from a medical device, wherein the therapy is delivered to the patient according to a detected posture state of the patient; and automatically adjusting at least one aspect of the therapy delivered from a medical device based at least in part on one or more of time or patient posture state behavior, wherein automatically adjusting at least one aspect of therapy comprises suspending at least one aspect of the therapy or decreasing a posture state detection frequency01-14-2010
20110196448BI-DIRECTIONAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - An ISG that includes a housing, a connector block having a first surface and a second surface, a lumen extending through the connector block from the first surface to the second surface, wherein the lumen is configured to receive at least one lead, wherein said lead comprises at least one electrode connector, a plurality of contacts housed within the lumen, electronic circuitry that is operably coupled to the ISG, wherein the plurality of contacts are operably coupled to the electronic circuitry, a computer readable medium containing instructions for carrying out a process to determine at least one piece of information regarding a lead that is received within the lumen, the process includes the steps of measuring at least one characteristic of at least one of the plurality of contacts, and determining which of two ranges the measured characteristic fits, wherein the two ranges of characteristics correspond to an electrode connector being electrically connected with the at least one of the plurality of contacts, and an electrode connector not being electrically connected with the at least one of the plurality of contacts.08-11-2011
20110196447IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE WITH AN ELECTRONIC PRESCRIPTION - This disclosure describes techniques for configuring an IMD into the exposure operating mode. Prior to a medical procedure that generates a disruptive energy field, such as an MRI scan, an electronic prescription is configured to indicate that the IMD is authorized for the medical procedure that includes a disruptive energy field. The electronic prescription includes one or more designated bits within a storage element of the IMD. When the patient in which the IMD is implanted arrives for the medical procedure, a user (such as an MRI operator) interacts with a telemetry device to determine whether the electronic prescription is configured. Upon determining that the electronic prescription is configured, the IMD transitions into the exposure operating mode designed for operation in the disruptive energy field. In this manner, the electronic prescription confirms to the user that that the IMD has been checked for suitability for operation during the medical procedure.08-11-2011
20120179225Vaginal Stimulator Device and Use Thereof for the Treatment of Female Urinary Incontinence - The invention relates to a vaginal stimulator device for the treatment of female urinary incontinence. The device which comprises a stimulator provided with a microcontroller and an electronic circuit for receiving instructions for treating incontinence, electrodes for transmitting electrical pulses to the pelvic floor musculature and instructions to the microcontroller, and battery, wherein said stimulator is integral with a grip member accommodating an antenna which cooperates with a remote control.07-12-2012
20090198306AUTOMATED PROGRAMMING OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ELECTRODES USING POST-IMPLANT IMAGING - In general, the disclosure is related to characterization of implanted electrical stimulation electrode arrays using post-implant imaging. The electrode arrays may be carried by implanted leads. Characterization of implanted electrode arrays may include identification of the type or types of leads implanted within a patient and/or determination of positions of the implanted leads or electrodes carried by the leads relative to one another or relative to anatomical structures within the patient. In addition, the disclosure relates to techniques for specifying or modifying patient therapy parameters based on the characterization of the implanted electrode arrays.08-06-2009
20100076521Electrical stimulation system and method for generating virtual channels - Electrical stimulation system and method for generating virtual channels are disclosed. The electrical stimulation system comprises: an electrode controller, a carrier, a plurality of electrode units, and a buffer layer. The electrode units are disposed on the carrier, and each of the electrode units are electrically connected to the electrode controller independently. Besides, the electrode units and the carrier are covered with the buffer layer. When the electrode controller receive a control signal and drive the corresponding electrode units, the electrical currents output from the corresponding electrode units can electrically interfere with each other to generate a virtual channel between the corresponding electrode units.03-25-2010
20100042185SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSVASCULAR ACTIVATION OF CARDIAC NERVES TO IMPROVE HEART FUNCTION - A system and method for electrically stimulating the heart muscle to improve heart function requires identifying a site in the venous system adjacent a sympathetic nerve. An electrode is then positioned at the site to electrically stimulate the nerve. In turn, this stimulation releases norepinephrine from the nerve to improve heart muscle contraction.02-18-2010
20100106219ADAPTABLE CURRENT REGULATOR FOR DELIVERY OF CURRENT-BASED ELECTRICAL STIMULATION THERAPY - A medical electrical stimulator provides selective control of stimulation via a combination of two or more electrodes coupled to respective regulated current paths and one or more electrodes coupled to unregulated current paths. Constant current sources may control the current that is sourced or sunk via respective regulated current paths. An unregulated current path may sink or source current to and from an unregulated voltage source that serves as a reference voltage. Unregulated electrodes may function as unregulated anodes to source current from a reference voltage or unregulated cathodes to sink current to a reference voltage.04-29-2010
20090043360METHOD FOR SECURE REPROGRAMMING OF CLINICALLY RELEVANT PARAMETERS AS PART OF REMOTE PROGRAMMING OF AN ELECTRONIC IMPLANT - The invention relates to a remotely programmable personal medical device, in particular a programmable implantable medical device, e.g., a cardiac pacemaker, a defibrillator, a cardioverter or the like. In addition, the invention relates to an arrangement for remote programming of such a personal medical device and a method for remote programming of a programmable personal medical device.02-12-2009
20090306746SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AN IMPLANTABLE NEUROSTIMULATOR - According to one embodiment, a computer-implemented system is provided for programming an implantable neurostimulator. A memory module stores relative positioning data representing determined relative positioning in at least two dimensions of an electrode in a first implanted neurostimulation lead relative to an electrode in a second implanted neurostimulation lead or to neural structures. A processing module coupled to the memory module accesses the relative positioning data stored in the memory module, determines one or more stimulation characteristics according to the accessed relative positioning data, and communicates the one or more stimulation characteristics determined according to the accessed relative positioning data to an implantable neurostimulator, electrically coupled to the implanted stimulation lead(s), to control operation of the implantable neurostimulator.12-10-2009
20130060303GENERATION OF PROPORTIONAL POSTURE INFORMATION OVER MULTIPLE TIME INTERVALS - The disclosure describes techniques for generation of proportional posture information over multiple time intervals. The techniques may include obtaining posture state data sensed by a medical device for a patient during delivery of therapy by the medical device, determining durations for which the patient occupied each of a plurality of posture states based on the posture state data, generating proportional posture information for a plurality of different time intervals based on the durations, wherein the proportional posture information for each of the time intervals indicates proportional amounts of the respective time interval in which the patient occupied the posture states, and presenting the proportional posture information to a user via a user interface.03-07-2013
20130060304Method and Apparatus for Generating Electrotherapeutic or Electrodiagnostic Waveforms - Subject matter includes a device comprising: an input port to receive a waveform file for a waveform to be electrically applied to one or more patients via an output port; and electronics configured to: generate the waveform having a shape, magnitude, or frequency based, at least in part, on the waveform file; and provide the waveform to the output port.03-07-2013
20090270947CONFIGURING STIMULATION THERAPY USING STIMULATION INTENSITY - Techniques for configuring electrical stimulation therapy utilizing one or more stimulation intensity values are described. In one example, a method includes receiving a stimulation intensity value that corresponds to an equal intensity function; determining a pulse width value and a pulse amplitude value based on the equal intensity function; and controlling delivery of electrical stimulation pulses with the determined pulse width value and amplitude value to a patient. A stimulation intensity value may correspond to a plurality of paired pulse width and amplitude values having substantially the same intensity. For example, the plurality of paired pulse width and amplitude values may activate a substantially equal volume of tissue when a stimulation pulse with the paired values is delivered.10-29-2009
20120226333PUNCTUAL STIMULATION DEVICE - The invention relates to a device for the punctual stimulation of the nerve endings located in the region of the ears, said device having a battery-powered therapeutic current generator (09-06-2012
20130066400MICROWAVE FIELD STIMULATOR - A system includes a controller module, which includes a storage device, a controller, a modulator, and one or more antennas. The storage device is stored with parameters defining a stimulation waveform. The controller is configured to generate, based on the stored parameters, an output signal that includes the stimulation waveform, wherein the output signal additionally includes polarity assignments for electrodes in an implantable, passive stimulation device. The modulator modulates a stimulus carrier signal with the output signal to generate a transmission signal. The one or more antennas transmit the transmission signal to the implantable, passive stimulation device such that the implantable, passive stimulation device uses energy in the transmission signal for operation, sets the polarities for the electrodes in the implantable, passive stimulation device based on the encoded polarity assignments, generates electrical pulses using the stimulation waveform, and applies the electrical pulses to excitable tissue.03-14-2013
20130066399INTRA-PERICARDIAL MEDICAL DEVICE - An intra-pericardial medical device is provided that comprises a lead body having a proximal portion, a distal end portion, and an intermediate portion extending between the proximal portion and the distal end portions. An intra-pericardial medical device further includes the control logic housed with the lead body and an energy source housed within the lead body. A stimulus conductor is included and extends along the lead body. An electrode is joined to the stimulus conduct near the distal end portion, where the electrode configured to deliver stimulus pulses. A telemetry conductor is provided within the lead and extends from the proximal portion and along the intermediate portion of the lead body. The telemetry conductor is wound into a series of coil groups to form inductive loops for at least one of receiving and transmitting radio frequency (RF) energy.03-14-2013
20110022122SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPUTATIONALLY DETERMINING MIGRATION OF NEUROSTIMULATION LEADS - A tissue stimulation system and computer software and method of monitoring a neurostimulation lead having a plurality of electrodes implanted within a patient (e.g., adjacent the spinal cord) is provided. Neurostimulation lead models are provided, each of which includes estimated electrical parameter data (e.g., electrical field potential data) corresponding to a predetermined position of the neurostimulation lead. Electrical energy is transmitted to or from the electrodes, and electrical parameter data (e.g., electrical field potential data) is measured in response to the transmitted electrical energy. The measured electrical parameter data is compared with the estimated electrical parameter data of each of the neurostimulation lead models, and a position of the neurostimulation lead is determined based on the comparison.01-27-2011
20130165993System for an Implantable Medical Device Having an External Charger Coupleable to Accessory Charging Coils - An external charger system is disclosed comprising an external charger with an internal charging coil, as well as an output port coupleable to one of a plurality of types of external accessory charging coils of varying shapes and sizes. If the internal charging coil of the external charger is sufficient for a given patient's charging needs, the accessory charging coils may be detached from the external charger, and the external charger may serve as a standalone self-contained external charger. The external charger can automatically detect which of the plurality of types of accessory charging coils is connected, and can adjust its operation accordingly. This versatile design allows the external charger system to be used by large numbers of patients, even if their particular implant charging scenarios are different.06-27-2013
20130165994MAINTAINING STIMULATION THERAPY EFFICACY - An apparatus comprises a therapy circuit configured to provide electrical neural stimulation therapy to a subject using a first set of a plurality of implantable electrodes, a switching circuit communicatively coupled to the therapy circuit and configured to change the delivery of therapy among the plurality of implantable electrodes, and a control circuit. The control circuit is configured to initiate delivery of the neural stimulation therapy to a first subset of the first set of electrodes during a therapy session, change the therapy delivery from the first subset of electrodes to at least a second subset of electrodes of the first set of the plurality of implantable electrodes, and recurrently alternate the therapy delivery between the first and second subsets of electrodes during the same therapy session.06-27-2013
20090012581SENSORY EVENT RECODING AND DECODING - A first pattern of sensory activity is input to a simulated neural circuit on a set of sensor inputs. The simulated neural circuit includes an array of branched neural elements that each have at least one output and one or more branches that are impinged by subsets of the set of sensor inputs. Activity is generated in the branches based on the first pattern of activity input to the simulated neural circuit, and a second pattern of activity is generated in the outputs of the array of branched neural elements based on the activity in their branches. The second pattern of activity represents a recoding of the first pattern of sensory activity.01-08-2009
20120004707USE OF STIMULATION PULSE SHAPE TO CONTROL NEURAL RECRUITMENT ORDER AND CLINICAL EFFECT - A method, electrical tissue stimulation system, and programmer for providing therapy to a patient are provided. Electrodes are placed adjacent tissue (e.g., spinal cord tissue) of the patient, electrical stimulation energy is delivered from the electrodes to the tissue in accordance with a defined waveform, and a pulse shape of the defined waveform is modified, thereby changing the characteristics of the electrical stimulation energy delivered from the electrode(s) to the tissue. The pulse shape may be modified by selecting one of a plurality of different pulse shape types or by adjusting a time constant of the pulse shape.01-05-2012
20120215284MEDICAL DEVICE PROGRAMMER WITH ADJUSTABLE KICKSTAND - A programmer for an implantable medical device includes an adjustable kickstand. In one example, the kickstand is configured to combine with the base to support the programmer in an upright position when the kickstand is fully-collapsed to support the programmer in a reclined position when the kickstand is fully-extended. Further, the programmer housing may include a fan grate that allows airflow from a cooling fan to pass through the programmer housing. The fan grate is positioned behind the kickstand when the kickstand is in the fully-collapsed position. The kickstand includes an aperture adjacent the fan grate when the kickstand is in the fully-collapsed position, the aperture allowing airflow from the cooling fan to pass through the fan grate when the kickstand is in the fully-collapsed position.08-23-2012
20130023957REMOTE PACE DETECTION IN AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - A system embodiment for stimulating a neural target comprises a neural stimulator, a pace detector, and a controller. The neural stimulator is electrically connected to at least one electrode, and is configured to deliver a neural stimulation signal through the at least one electrode to stimulate the neural target. The pace detector is configured to use at least one electrode to sense cardiac activity and distinguish paced cardiac activity in the sensed cardiac activity from non-paced cardiac activity in the sensed cardiac activity. The controller is configured to control a programmed neural stimulation therapy using the neural stimulator and using detected paced cardiac activity as an input for the neural stimulation therapy.01-24-2013
20110282414SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEFINING NEUROSTIMULATION LEAD CONFIGURATIONS - A method and external control device for operating a plurality of electrode leads implanted within the tissue of a patient. A virtual electrode leads in a reference lead configuration are displayed. One of the virtual electrode leads is selected. The selected virtual electrode lead is dragged, and the displace virtual electrode lead is dropped, thereby displaying the virtual electrode leads in a new lead configuration.11-17-2011
20090088820MEDICAL DEVICE FUNCTION CONFIGURATION POST-MANUFACTURING - A medical device system and method configure a medical device according to a configuration definition. The configuration definition includes an allowable status and a function status for each of a number of medical device functions. The medical device configuration is updated automatically in response to being interrogated by a programmer configured to update the device configuration. The device configuration is updated by updating the function status for at least one of the medical device functions in response to the allowable status for the medical device function.04-02-2009
20090259278PROGRAMMABLE WAVEFORM PULSES FOR AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - Apparatus and method provide flexibility in generating a stimulation waveform to an electrode of an Implantable Neuro Stimulator (INS). The stimulation waveform is synthesized for each rate period interval. Each rate period interval is partitioned into time intervals, during which stimulation pulses, recharging, and time duration delays may be induced. With the embodiment of the invention, a second stimulation pulse, having different electrical characteristics than a first stimulation pulse, may be generated during the rate period interval. An embodiment utilizes apparatus comprising a waveform controller and a waveform generator that are controlled by the waveform controller. The waveform controller uses waveform parameters to instruct the waveform generator to form stimulation pulses. Any of the components may be adjusted or deleted in the generation of the stimulation waveform. The embodiment enables any of the associated waveform parameters to be updated at the waveform controller in order to alter the stimulation waveform.10-15-2009
20110125219IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR FOR NEUROSTIMULATION THAT COMPRISES THIN-OXIDE TRANSISTORS AND METHOD OF OPERATING A NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM - In one embodiment, a method, of operating an IPG, comprises: generating a variable anode voltage by first circuitry to drive current during pulse generation, the first circuitry being programmable to generate the anode voltage from a plurality of voltages in response to a control signal; providing the anode voltage to a first circuit node; operating a transistor to control current flow between the first circuit node and an output of the IPG, wherein the transistor possesses a gate-to-source breakdown voltage; generating a first supply signal that is maintained at a voltage level equal to the anode voltage plus or minus a predetermined amount; and selectively applying the first supply signal and a second supply signal to a gate of the transistor to connect or disconnect the first circuit node in a circuit path with the output of the IPG.05-26-2011
20110301667INDUCTIVELY RECHARGEABLE EXTERNAL ENERGY SOURCE, CHARGER, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A TRANSCUTANEOUS INDUCTIVE CHARGER FOR AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - A mechanism for transferring energy from an external power source to an implantable medical device is disclosed. A sensor may be used to measure a parameter that correlates to a temperature of the system that occurs during the transcutaneous coupling of energy. For example, the sensor may measure temperature of a surface of an antenna of the external power source. The measured parameter may then be compared to a programmable limit. A control circuit such as may be provided by the external power source may then control the temperature based on the comparison. The programmable limit may be, for example, under software control so that the temperature occurring during transcutaneous coupling of energy may be modified to fit then-current circumstances.12-08-2011
20110301666System and Method for Transvascular Activation of Cardiac Nerves with Automatic Restart - A system and method for electrically stimulating the heart muscle to improve heart function requires identifying a site in the venous system adjacent a sympathetic nerve. An electrode is then positioned at the site to electrically stimulate the nerve. In turn, this stimulation releases norepinephrine from the nerve to improve heart muscle contraction.12-08-2011
20110288616ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION DEVICE - The electrical nerve stimulation unit in accordance with the present invention generally includes a housing, an input panel, a display panel, a controller, a first channel output, a second channel output, and a power system. While the device is generally described in terms of use as a TENS unit, it must be noted that other nerve stimulation applications for the device are envisioned as well. The myriad of intelligent and proactive programmable software functions and features of the present invention are executed on the controller's microprocessor. For instance, open lead monitoring, soft recovery implementation, compliance monitoring, and enhanced power management are all controlled and monitored through the interfacing of the processor with the various devices and hardware on the unit's hardware platform.11-24-2011
20110288615Implantable Therapeutic Systems Including Neurostimulation Circuits, Devices, Systems and Methods - A neurostimulation array comprising a first implantable neurostimulator storing a first identification code in a non-volatile memory and responding to communications including said first identification code, a second implantable neurostimulator storing a second identification code in a non-volatile memory and responding to communications including said second identification code, and a polymer connector attached to said first implantable neurostimulator and said second implantable neurostimulator, thereby forming a neurostimulation array.11-24-2011
20130190840SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AVOIDING NEURAL STIMULATION HABITUATION - An embodiment relates to a method for delivering a vagal stimulation therapy to a vagus nerve, including delivering a neural stimulation signal to non-selectively stimulate both afferent axons and efferent axons in the vagus nerve according to a predetermined schedule for the vagal stimulation therapy, and selecting a value for at least one parameter for the predetermined schedule for the vagal stimulation therapy to control the neural stimulation therapy to avoid physiological habituation to the vagal stimulation therapy. The parameter(s) include at least one parameter selected from the group of parameters consisting of a predetermined therapy duration parameter for a predetermined therapy period, and a predetermined intermittent neural stimulation parameter associated with on/off timing for the intermittent neural stimulation parameter.07-25-2013
20090292339METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION IN IMPLANTABLE STIMULATION DEVICES - The application relates to a stimulation device with power conservation functionality. In implantable devices, power supplies may be limited. Replenishing these power supplies may require costly surgery or periodic recharging depending on the model. A method may be implemented that skips or drops periodic pulses without apparently changing the frequency of the pulses. In this manner, the dropped pulses may be undetected by the patient. On the other hand, the dropped pulse represents power savings. Dropping one in ten pulses may lead to a 10% energy savings. The stimulation device may implement the method with one or more counters implemented in hardware or software.11-26-2009
20090099625ELECTIVE SERVICE INDICATOR BASED ON PULSE COUNT FOR IMPLANTABLE DEVICE - The present invention is an implantable tissue stimulation therapy system, comprising an implantable tissue stimulation device including a power source of a known stored energy amount, a programmer communicably coupled to the device and adapted to propose one or more therapy parameters for the device, each therapy parameter having a known energy consumption associated therewith, wherein a predicted elective service date of the power source based on the one or more proposed therapy parameters and the known energy amount of the power source is automatically determined, and a display communicatively coupled to the activation device, the display being configured to indicate the predicted elective power source service date to an operator, wherein the operator may choose to select the one or more proposed therapy parameters based on the indicated predicted elective service date and the selected one or more therapy parameters are transmitted to the device.04-16-2009
20100114242MODULAR UNIVERSAL PROGRAMMING DEVICE - A universal programming device for individualized patient medical devices such as implants has an RF transceiver (transmitter/receiver), a control unit, and a man-machine interface (or a connection for a man-machine interface). The RF transceiver is configured to receive and transmit data in the MICS frequency band. The control unit is connected to the transceiver and has preconfigured software interfaces, such that the programming device can be expanded by addition of control software modules. The preconfigured software interfaces define a uniform interface for triggering the transceiver, which the control software modules can access. The man-machine interface, e.g., a keyboard and/or a display (and/or the connection for such a man-machine interface) is connected to the control unit.05-06-2010
20100114241INTERFERENCE MITIGATION FOR IMPLANTABLE DEVICE RECHARGING - A therapy or monitoring system may implement one or more techniques to mitigate interference between operation of a charging device that charges a first implantable medical device (IMD) implanted in a patient and a second IMD implanted in the patient. In some examples, the techniques may include modifying an operating parameter of the charging device in response to receiving an indication that a second IMD is implanted in the patient. The techniques also may include modifying an operating parameter of the second IMD in response to detecting the presence or operation of the charging device.05-06-2010
20090149917MULTIMODAL NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - A system for performing a neurostimulation trial comprises an external trial stimulator capable of delivering stimulation energy to a plurality of electrodes carried by one or more stimulation leads. The external trial stimulator is configurable to operate in a plurality of stimulation energy delivery modes to respectively emulate one of different neurostimulator types. The system may further comprise a programmer capable of configuring the external trial stimulator to operate in one of the stimulation energy delivery modes. The programmer may be capable of generating a first programming screen capable of allowing a first set of stimulation parameters to be defined for the first neurostimulator type, and a second programming screen capable of allowing a second set of stimulation parameters to be defined for a second neurostimulator type.06-11-2009
20080249590GENERATING AND COMMUNICATING WEB CONTENT FROM WITHIN AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - Methods, systems, and computer program products for generating and communicating web content from within an implantable medical device are provided. A method includes collecting data from a memory and/or subsystem of an implantable medical device. Upon collecting the data, the data is converted into web content having a web readable format that is readily consumable for display via a web interface thereby providing a web server from within the implantable medical device. The structure of an output file may be populated with the data converted into the web content. The method may further include transmitting the output file from the implantable medical device to a computing apparatus.10-09-2008
20110040352THERAPY PROGRAM MODIFICATION BASED ON AN ENERGY THRESHOLD - A therapy program is modified to decompose a therapy field generated by therapy delivery by a medical device according to a therapy program into a plurality of subfields based on a comparison between an energy associated with the therapy program and a threshold value. The therapy field defined by the therapy program may be decomposed into a plurality of subfields when an electrical stimulation energy of the stimulation signal defined by the therapy program exceeds the maximum energy output of the medical device or of a channel of the medical device. Therapy subprograms may be generated for each of the therapy subfields. An energy associated with each of the therapy subfields may be less than the energy threshold value of the medical device.02-17-2011
20120035686FAIL-SAFE PROGRAMMING FOR IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - In general, the invention is directed to a system with a fail-safe mode for remote programming of medical devices, such as implantable medical devices (IMDs). During a remote programming session, an adverse event, such as a programming session failure, may prevent proper completion of a programming or result in improper programming due to data corruption or other factors. If a programming session is not completed correctly, the IMD is susceptible to improper operation, possibly exposing a patient to delivery of unnecessary or inappropriate therapies. A fail-safe mode reduces the likelihood of improper operation following a programming session failure. The fail-safe mode defines one or more fail-safe operations designed to preserve proper operation of the IMD. In some embodiments, the fail-safe operations include notifying a person concerning the failure of the programming session, modifying programming parameters within the implantable medical device, and delivering a therapy to a patient.02-09-2012
20080269839Dosing Limitation for an Implantable Medical Device - A method for limiting patient-initiated electrical signal therapy provided by an implantable medical device (IMD) to a cranial nerve of a patient. At least one electrical signal therapy limit selected from the group consisting of a maximum number of patient-initiated signals to provide a therapeutic electrical signal per a time period, a maximum dose of the therapeutic electrical signal per a time period, a maximum duration of the therapeutic electrical signal per a time period, a maximum rate of change of the number of patient-initiated signals to provide a therapeutic electrical signal per a time period, a maximum rate of change of the dose of the therapeutic electrical signal per a time period, and a maximum rate of change of the duration of the electrical signal therapy per a time period is specified. A patient-initiated signal to begin a therapeutic electrical signal is received. Whether or not said electrical signal therapy limit is exceeded by said step of detecting a patient-initiated signal is determined. An action in response to said step of determining whether or not said limit is exceeded is performed, said action selected from the group consisting of providing a first electrical signal therapy to said cranial nerve, providing a second, reduced electrical signal therapy to said cranial nerve, providing a third, enhanced electrical signal therapy to said cranial nerve, inhibiting an electrical signal therapy to said cranial nerve, providing a background electrical signal to said cranial nerve, and inhibiting a background electrical signal to said cranial nerve.10-30-2008
20110172739IMPLANTABLE STIMULATOR - An implantable stimulator includes a tube assembly that is configured to house a number of components that are configured to apply at least one stimulus to at least one stimulation site within a patient. The tube assembly has a shape that allows the stimulator to be implanted within said patient in a pre-determined orientation. Exemplary methods of stimulating a stimulation site within a patient include applying an electrical stimulation current to a stimulation site via one or more electrodes extending along one or more sides of a stimulator. The stimulator has a shape allowing the stimulator to be implanted within the patient in a pre-determined orientation.07-14-2011
20110172737PROGRAMMING THERAPY DELIVERED BY IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - This disclosure describes techniques for programming stimulation therapy programs according to therapy targets (e.g., symptoms or areas of pain) in a patient to which they are applied. Several programs can be programmed for each therapy target, stored on an implantable medical device, and retrieved later by a programmer to modify, edit, delete, create, and/or select a therapy program for each of the therapy targets. Each therapy target is independent from the other therapy targets, and a user can select or change a program under one therapy target without affecting programs under the other therapy targets. During programming, a user can specify parameters for each program applicable to only that program, and can specify parameters for each therapy target applicable to every program associated with that therapy target. The organization of programs into slots and the selection of a program in each slot may be manual or automated.07-14-2011
20110172738GRAPHICAL MANIPULATION OF POSTURE ZONES FOR POSTURE-RESPONSIVE THERAPY - The disclosure provides a system that displays graphical representations of posture zones associated with posture states of a patient, on a display device communicatively coupled to a medical device. The medical device is configured to deliver therapy to the patient based on detected posture states of the patient, where the detected posture state is based on the posture zones. The display device may allow a user to manipulate the graphical representations of the posture zones, including changing the size of the posture zones. Additionally, the display device may allow a user to change transition times associated with transitions between posture states, and displaying an indication of the changed transition time by highlighting the two graphical representations of the posture zones corresponding to the posture states associated with the changed transition time.07-14-2011
20090276007MULTI-STAGE TESTING OF ELECTRODES OF IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD - Method, controller and system for an implantable medical device capable of delivering therapeutic stimulation through a plurality of electrodes. A control module is operable to conduct a plurality of measurements of impedance values creating a plurality of measured impedance values for a plurality of selected sets of individual ones of the plurality of electrodes based on a plurality of active parameters. The control module conducts the plurality of measurements of impedance values in a plurality of stages in which at least one of said plurality of active parameters is varied between individual ones of the plurality of stages.11-05-2009
20120143286SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INCREASING STIMULATION DOSE - According to an embodiment of a method performed by an implantable medical device to deliver a neural stimulation therapy to a patient, a lower dose of the neural stimulation therapy is delivered to the patient. The dose of the neural stimulation therapy is automatically increased from the lower dose to a higher dose, and the higher dose of the neural stimulation therapy is delivered to the patient. A trigger that is controlled by the patient is detected, and the dose of the neural stimulation therapy is automatically returned from the higher dose back to the lower dose in response to detecting the trigger.06-07-2012
20090287279CURRENT STEERING FOR AN IMPLANTABLE STIMULATOR DEVICE INVOLVING FRACTIONALIZED STIMULATION PULSES - A method for configuring stimulation pulses in an implantable stimulator device having a plurality of electrodes is disclosed, which method is particularly useful in adjusting the electrodes by current steering during initialization of the device. In one aspect, a set of ideal pulses for patient therapy is determined, in which at least two of the ideal pulses are of the same polarity and are intended to be simultaneous applied to corresponding electrodes on the implantable stimulator device during an initial duration. These pulses are reconstructed into fractionalized pulses, each comprised of pulse portions. The fractionalized pulses are applied to the corresponding electrodes on the device during a final duration, but the pulse portions of the fractionalized pulses are not simultaneously applied during the final duration.11-19-2009
20080208290BI-DIRECTIONAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - An ISG that includes a housing, a connector block having a first surface and a second surface, a lumen extending through the connector block from the first surface to the second surface, wherein the lumen is configured to receive at least one lead, wherein said lead comprises at least one electrode connector, a plurality of contacts housed within the lumen, electronic circuitry that is operably coupled to the ISG, wherein the plurality of contacts are operably coupled to the electronic circuitry, a computer readable medium containing instructions for carrying out a process to determine at least one piece of information regarding a lead that is received within the lumen, the process includes the steps of measuring at least one characteristic of at least one of the plurality of contacts, and determining which of two ranges the measured characteristic fits, wherein the two ranges of characteristics correspond to an electrode connector being electrically connected with the at least one of the plurality of contacts, and an electrode connector not being electrically connected with the at least one of the plurality of contacts.08-28-2008
20100137943METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING MIDDLE LEAD IN A TRI-LEAD CONFIGURATION - A method and medical system for operating three electrodes electrically coupled to three proximal contacts carried by three lead bodies is provided. The electrodes are implanted adjacent tissue of a patient and include a middle electrode and a pair of electrodes flanking the middle electrode. Electrical energy is conveyed between three different pairs of the proximal contacts, thereby respectively generating three electrical fields in the tissue between three electrode pairs. A potential of each of the electrical fields is measured at the remaining electrodes via the remaining proximal contacts, respectively. The lead body associated with the middle electrode is identified based on the measured electrical field potentials.06-03-2010
20080275529PATIENT INTERACTIVE NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A fully automated computer controlled system is provided for adjustment of neurostimulation implants used in pain therapy and in treating neurological dysfunction which includes a patient interactive computer, and a universal transmitter interface integrally embedded in the patient interactive computer or built into the antenna which is capable of stimulating any type of implanted neurostimulation devices by imitating programming codes. The patient interacts with the system through the patient interactive computer. The universal transmitter interface includes a direct digital synthesizer, a transistor circuitry driving the antenna in ON-OFF fashion and a gating unit for driving the transistor circuitry under control of the processing means in the patient-interactive computer. Alternatively, the universal transmitting interface includes a balanced modulator for modulation of the carrier signal generated at the direct digital synthesizer.11-06-2008
20110270357STIMULATION WITH UTILIZATION OF NON-SELECTED ELECTRODE - This disclosure describes techniques that support delivering electrical stimulation current via at least two user-selected electrodes of an implantable medical device (IMD) and automatically delivering balancing current below via at least one non-selected electrode. Balancing currents delivered via the at least one non-selected electrode may be configured with an amplitude below a perception threshold of a patient. Delivery of balancing current via the at least one third electrode may allow an implantable medical device to automatically balance the total current delivered to a patient.11-03-2011
20120296397SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING NEUROSTIMULATION DEVICES USING CACHED PLUG-IN SOFTWARE DRIVERS - A system for programming a plurality of different models, or generations, of neurostimulation devices includes a plurality of plug in software drivers stored on a hard drive of the system, wherein the plurality of plug-in software drivers are respectively configured for facilitating communication between the plurality of different models of neurostimulation devices and the system processor via a transceiver. In a method of programming a plurality of different models of neurostimulation devices, the system processor dynamically identifies the model of an interrogated neurostimulator and determines which plug-in software driver to use for programming the interrogated neurostimulator. The plug-in software drivers are cached into memory upon start-up of the system.11-22-2012
20120296395METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NEUROSTIMULATION WITH PREVENTION OF NEURAL ACCOMMODATION - A neurostimulation system delivers neurostimulation to a patient using one or more primary parameters and one or more secondary parameters. The one or more primary parameters are controlled for maintaining efficacy of the neurostimulation. The one or more secondary parameters are adjusted for preventing the patient from developing neural accommodation. In various embodiments, values for the one or more secondary parameters are varied during the delivery of the neurostimulation for prevention of neural accommodation that may result from a constant or periodic pattern of stimulation pulses.11-22-2012
20100222845REMOTE MANAGEMENT OF THERAPY PROGRAMMING - The disclosure is directed to techniques for remote management of information relating to therapy delivered to a patient by an implantable medical device (IMD). A remote monitoring system for therapy programming includes an IMD that delivers therapy, e.g., neurostimulation, drug therapy, or both, to a patient, an external programming device associated with the IMD, such as a patient programmer, and a remote networking device that receives usage information from the external programming device. The external programming device communicates with the IMD via local, wireless communication, and the remote networking device receives usage information from the external programming device via a network. The usage information includes information that relates to use of therapy by the patient, use of features of the external programming device and the IMD, or use of navigation patterns of a user interface of the external programming device.09-02-2010
20100137944METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING RELATIVE POSITIONING BETWEEN NEUROSTIMULATION LEADS - A method and medical system for operating two leads disposed adjacent tissue of a patient are provided. A first one of a pair of electrodes respectively carried by the two leads is activated to generate an electrical field within the tissue. An electrical parameter in response to the generated electrical field is measured at a second one of the pair of electrodes. A reference electrical parameter is measured in response to the generated electrical field at a reference electrode carried by the same one of the two leads that carries the first electrode. A reference distance between the first electrode and the reference electrode is known prior to the generation of the electrical field. The ratio between the measured electrical parameter and the measured reference electrical parameter is computed, and the distance between the pair of electrodes is computed as a function of the computed ratio and the reference distance.06-03-2010
20100280575CONTROLLING CHARGE FLOW IN THE ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF TISSUE - Systems of techniques for controlling charge flow during the electrical stimulation of tissue. In one aspect, a method includes receiving a charge setting describing an amount of charge that is to flow during a stimulation pulse that electrically stimulates a tissue, and generating and delivering the stimulation pulse in a manner such that an amount of charge delivered to the tissue during the stimulation pulse accords with the charge setting.11-04-2010
20120296396USER-DEFINED GRAPHICAL SHAPES USED AS A VISUALIZATION AID FOR STIMULATOR PROGRAMMING - A system for programming a neurostimulation device coupled to one or more electrodes. The system comprises a user interface configured for allowing a user to select a set of stimulation parameters and to define a graphical shape representative of an anatomical region of interest. The system further comprises memory configured for storing the graphical shape in registration with an anatomical reference, and output circuitry configured for communicating with the neurostimulation device. The system further comprises a controller configured for recalling the registered graphical shape and anatomical reference from the memory, generating display signals capable of prompting the user interface to concurrently display a representation of the electrode(s) relative to the recalled graphical shape and anatomical reference, and programming the neurostimulation device with the selected stimulation parameter set via the output circuitry.11-22-2012
20080215117Electrical Stimulation of Blood Vessels - Apparatus (09-04-2008
20080288023Medical treatment using patient states, patient alerts, and hierarchical algorithms - Systems and methods are described for adjusting the operation of implantable stimulation devices used to provide medical treatment. Several hierarchical algorithms are described which operate according to conditional strategies. In one such strategy semi-automatic therapy adjustment occurs by automatically issuing patient alert messages when selected operations are to occur, and using a patient's response to the alert message in order to adjust therapy, as long as this is provided within a selected time limit. Another strategy only implements complex operations when these are indicated by prior operations. The invention serves to reduce the risk of adaptation by the patient and the provision of therapy operations that are either not desired or warranted, in order to decrease the depletion of battery power and/or drug reserves and increase patient benefit. Methods are also described for resolving data conflicts which may occur when adaptively delivery therapy.11-20-2008
20120143285HANDHELD EXCITATION TERMINAL AND EMF EMITTER PROVIDING DYNAMIC OPTIMIZATION OF EMISSION AND THERAPEUTIC EFFECT AND REMOTE THERAPEUTIC SYSTEM - A cell excitation terminal and a therapeutic system using customized electromagnetic (EM) waves varying dynamically with time for excitation include one or more EM wave generators, each of the EM wave generators is connected to a central processing unit (CPU), and the CPU controls, according to a signal detected by a human body status detection device, the EM wave generator to send EM waves corresponding to a detected status or subject patient. The therapeutic system can perform remote management. A remote server optimizes and updates therapeutic waveforms of a patient constantly according to a therapeutic effect of the patient, thereby improving the therapeutic effect constantly.06-07-2012
20100274320CHARGE-BASED STIMULATION INTENSITY PROGRAMMING WITH PULSE AMPLITUDE AND WIDTH ADJUSTED ACCORDING TO A FUNCTION - Techniques for programming electrical stimulation therapy intensity based on electrical charge are described. In some examples, a display presents a stimulation intensity value in units of electrical charge, e.g., Coulombs. In such examples, a user may adjust the displayed charge value, rather than pulse amplitude or pulse width, to adjust the intensity of the electrical stimulation therapy. In some examples, a processor determines modifications to pulse amplitude and pulse width based on the modification to the charge value. In some examples, a processor modifies a pulse amplitude and width to achieve a desired charge, while maintaining a relationship between pulse amplitude and width specified by a predetermined function. In some examples, the function may be programmed, e.g., selected or adjusted, by a user.10-28-2010
20080319510Medical Device Access Control Apparatus and Method - A method and apparatus for providing access control to a medical device. A control device may be attached to the medical device to regulate power flow to the medical device and monitor usage of the device. The control device may accept removable media and read information from the media. The information may indicate control devices with which the removable media is designated to work, as well as an amount of authorization credit. The control device, after confirming that the removable media authorized to work with that control device and that it includes sufficient authorization credit, may provide power to the medical device. The control device may then monitor the medical device and when use of the medical device is detected, the control device may write new information to the removable media decreasing the amount of authorization credit. In a preferred embodiment, the removable media is an RFID memory card.12-25-2008
20090326608METHOD OF ELECTRICALLY STIMULATING TISSUE OF A PATIENT BY SHIFTING A LOCUS OF STIMULATION AND SYSTEM EMPLOYING THE SAME - In one embodiment, a method for assisting programming a pulse generator comprises: defining a set of unique electrode combinations in the controller device, each electrode combination within the set providing a unique locus of stimulation for a single stimulation pulse applied at a base location relative to loci of stimulation of other electrode combinations, the set of unique electrode combinations defining a two-dimensional range of multiple loci of stimulation; providing one or more user interfaces to the clinician to control pulse generation and delivery by the single-source pulse generator; and processing input from the clinician related to relocation of a locus of stimulation, the processing comprising (i) automatically selecting an electrode combination from the set, and (ii) automatically modifying an electrode combination used by the single-source pulse generator to deliver electrical stimulation pulses to the selected electrode combination.12-31-2009
20090024186SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING NEURAL STIMULATION TRANSITIONS - A method embodiment comprises generating a neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy. The signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. In various embodiments, a ramp up protocol is implemented to begin the duty cycle, a ramp down protocol is implemented to end the duty cycle, or both the ramp up protocol and the ramp down protocol are implemented. The ramp up protocol includes ramping up the intensity from a non-zero first subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle to the therapy level. The ramp down protocol includes ramping down the intensity from the therapy intensity level to a non-zero second subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle.01-22-2009
20110144721SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AN IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR - In one embodiment, a method of programming an IPG comprises providing one or several GUI screens on the programmer device, the GUI screens comprising a master amplitude GUI control for controlling amplitudes for stimsets of a stimulation program and one or several balancing GUI controls for controlling amplitudes of each stimset of the stimulation program; communicating one or several commands from the programmer device to the IPG to change the amplitude of all stimsets of the stimulation program in response to manipulation of the master amplitude GUI control, wherein the amplitude of each stimulation set is automatically calculated by a level selected through the master amplitude GUI control and one or several calibration parameters for the respective stimulation set; and automatically recalculating the one or several calibration parameters for a respective stimulation set in response to manipulation of one of the balancing GUI controls and storing the recalculated calibration parameters.06-16-2011
20090192572Bidirectional Communications Between A Generator And Sensors Or Actuators Of A Lead For An Active Implantable Medical Device - An active implantable medical device including bidirectional communications between a generator and sensors or actuators located at the distal extremity of a lead. A lead (07-30-2009
20090082832Thermal Management of Implantable Medical Devices - Systems and techniques for thermal management of implantable medical devices. In one aspect, an implantable device adapted for implantation in a body includes a conductor component that conducts an electrical current in response to the body in which that implantable device is implanted being subjected to an alternating electromagnetic field and a thermal management component in thermal contact with the conductor component and configured to manage excess heat generated by the conduction of the electrical current. The thermal management component comprises a material that undergoes a phase transition at a temperature above the temperature of the body in which the implantable device is adapted to be implanted.03-26-2009
20090082831Vestibular Stimulation System - A vestibular stimulation system and method that includes a housing, a power supply disposed in the housing, an electrode assembly adapted to be coupled to the housing, and a controller disposed in the housing and operatively coupled to the power supply. The controller controls the delivery of energy from the power supply to the electrode assembly. An input element is also disposed on an exterior surface of the housing. The input element is manually manipulated to control the operation of the vestibular stimulation system. A display disposed on an exterior surface of the housing provides visual information regarding the operation of the vestibular stimulation system. A mounting assembly is coupled to the housing to mount the housing on such a user.03-26-2009
20090210033Implant revision recognition by exchanging the revision data during transmission - A system and method for establishing communication among a control device and an implantable medical device. The implantable medical device transmits to the control device identification information including a unique identification number associated with the implantable medical device and/or a current version of application software currently being utilized by the implantable medical device. Based on the extracted identification information, the control device correlates thereto a version of the application software from among the multiple versions of application software associated with the control device that is compatible with the recognized version of the application software currently being utilized by the implantable medical device.08-20-2009
20120078325IDENTIFYING COMBINATIONS OF ELECTRODES FOR NEUROSTIMULATION THERAPY - A programmer allows a clinician to identify combinations of electrodes from within an electrode set implanted in a patient that enable delivery of desirable neurostimulation therapy by an implantable medical device. The programmer executes an electrode combination search algorithm to select combinations of electrodes to test in a non-random order. According to algorithms consistent with the invention, the programmer may first identify a position of a first cathode for subsequent combinations, and then select electrodes from the set to test with the first cathode as anodes or additional cathodes based on the proximity of the electrodes to the first cathode. The programmer may store information for each combination tested, and the information may facilitate the identification of desirable electrode combinations by the clinician. The clinician may create neurostimulation therapy programs that include identified desirable program combinations.03-29-2012
20090254151LEAD ANCHOR FOR IMPLANTABLE DEVICES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE AND USE - A lead anchor includes a body with opposing first and second major surfaces and at least one edge surface between the first and second major surfaces. The body defines a first channel, a second channel, and a notch. The first channel extends from the edge surface of the body and is open at the first major surface. The second channel extends from the edge surface of the body and is open at the second major surface. The notch extends from the edge surface of the body, defines an opening from the first major surface through the body to the second major surface, and intersects the first channel and the second channel. The first channel, the second channel, and a portion of the notch define a passage through the body so that a lead can be inserted into the notch and turned to dispose a portion of the lead within the passage. The lead anchor can be part of a kit or system that also includes a lead.10-08-2009
20090276008NEUROSTIMULATION THERAPY USAGE DIAGNOSTICS - An implantable medical device delivers neurostimulation therapy to a patient according to a parameter set. A parameter set may consist of a number of programs that are delivered substantially simultaneously. When programming the implantable medical device for the patient, a clinician programmer may maintain a session log for the patient that includes a listing of programs delivered to the patient and rating information provided by a clinician and the patient for programs of the list. The listing may be ordered according to the rating information in order to facilitate the selection of programs for a parameter set. A program library that may include particularly effective programs organized according to a directory structure may be stored in a memory. One or both of the implantable medical device and a patient programmer may store usage information that provides an objective assessment of therapy use by the patient, and allows a clinician to later improve the therapy based on the usage information.11-05-2009
20100161001Optimizing the stimulus current in a surface based stimulation device - A method and associated stimulation device for ensuring firing of an action potential in an intended physiological target activated by a stimulus pulse generated by an electrode of a non-invasive surface based stimulation device irrespective of skin-to-electrode impedance by: (i) increasing internal impedance of the stimulation device so as to widen a Chronaxie time period thereby ensuring firing of the action potential of the intended physiological target irrespective of the skin-to-electrode impedance; and/or (ii) generating a stimulation waveform that optimizes a non-zero average current (e.g., non-zero slope of the envelope of the stimulation waveform) during preferably substantially the entire current decay of the stimulus pulse.06-24-2010
20100179617Approval Per Use Implanted Neurostimulator - Methods and apparatus for delivering therapy from an implanted neurostimulator to a patient are provided. One feature is an external controller that acts as a gateway for therapy. The external controller can be a handheld controller that communicates wirelessly with the implanted neurostimulator. In some embodiments, the controller communicates with a database to determine a therapy approval status of the neurostimulator. Therapy can be approved by a physician prescription, or by prepayment, for example. In some embodiments, the neurostimulator is deactivated when no approved therapies remain.07-15-2010
20090076570SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TEMPORARY PROGRAMMING FOR IMPLANTED MEDICAL DEVICES - A system and method for temporary programming of an implantable medical device. The system and method include a repeater uploading temporary programming and instructions to a temporary memory of the device and then instructing the device to operate according to the temporary instructions. If during a first time period, the device is not in continuous periodic communication with the repeater, the device automatically reverts to operation under the normal operating instructions. At the end of the first time period, the caregiver or the patient may decide to revert to the normal programming. During a second time period, the device operates according to the temporary programming unless the caregiver or the patient instructs the device to revert to the normal programming, or the device fails to receive a periodic continuation signal from the repeater. Adverse health affects to the patient may also trigger the device to revert to the normal programming during either the first or second time period.03-19-2009
20100228322GLOBAL PARAMETER ADJUSTMENT FOR MULTIPLE STIMULATION PROGRAMS - A user may modify a stimulation parameter in a plurality of stimulation programs with a single adjustment. During stimulation therapy, the user, such as a patient, may desire to change a parameter of the plurality of stimulation programs. The patient may press a single button on an external programmer to make the parameter change, or global adjustment, to all of the plurality of stimulation programs. This global adjustment eliminates the need for the patient to navigate through each of the plurality of stimulation programs separately and adjust the parameter. Additionally, changing the plurality of stimulation programs may be desirable for uniform stimulation therapy between programs used by the patient. The external programmer may calculate an appropriate parameter change for each stimulation program to keep parameter ratios equal between the plurality of stimulation programs.09-09-2010
20100222846REMOTELY- REQUESTED INTEGRITY DIAGNOSTICS - In general, the invention is directed toward techniques for remotely monitoring the integrity of a medical device and its components. A remote networking device communicates with a medical device, e.g., an implantable medical device, via a network. The remote networking device sends a request for an integrity measurement to the medical device via the network, a remote network that requests a medical device to perform an integrity measurement. In response to the request, the medical device performs the requested integrity measurement. The medical device may transmit a result of the integrity measurement, e.g., a measured value, back to the remote networking device via the network.09-02-2010
20100125315IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE THAT USES ELECTRICAL CURRENT STEERING BY MEANS OF OUTPUT IMPEDANCE MODULATION - A method and system of providing therapy to a patient implanted with an array of electrodes is provided. Electrical stimulation current is conveyed from at least two of the electrodes to at least one of the electrodes along at least two electrical paths through tissue of the patient, and the electrical stimulation current is shifted between the electrical paths by actively adjusting one or more finite resistances respectively associated with one or more of the electrical paths.05-20-2010
20090112289MANAGEMENT OF NEUROSTIMULATION THERAPY USING PARAMETER SETS - An implantable medical device delivers neurostimulation therapy to a patient according to a parameter set, which may consist of a number of programs that are delivered substantially simultaneously. When programming the implantable medical device for the patient, a clinician programmer may maintain a session log that includes a listing of programs delivered to the patient and rating information provided by a clinician and the patient for programs of the list. The listing may be ordered according to the rating information in order to facilitate the selection of programs for a parameter set. A program library that may include particularly effective programs may be stored in a memory. One or both of the implantable medical device and a patient programmer may store usage information that provides an objective and accurate record of therapy use by the patient, and allows a clinician to later improve the therapy based on the usage information.04-30-2009
20090105787Patient Programmer with Input and Sensing Capabilities - A patient programmer can have a progress module, wherein the progress module may obtain progress input from a patient in which the generator is implanted. The progress module may include sensors that are able to obtain progress input based on patient interactions with sensors coupled to the patient programmer. The progress module may also include an interface that poses progress-related questions to the patient and obtains responses to the questions from the patient. The patient programmer is also able to store the progress input for reporting purposes.04-23-2009
20130131758SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AN IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR - In one embodiment, a method of programming an IPG comprises providing one or several GUI screens on the programmer device, the GUI screens comprising a master amplitude GUI control for controlling amplitudes for stimsets of a stimulation program and one or several balancing GUI controls for controlling amplitudes of each stimset of the stimulation program; communicating one or several commands from the programmer device to the IPG to change the amplitude of all stimsets of the stimulation program in response to manipulation of the master amplitude GUI control, wherein the amplitude of each stimulation set is automatically calculated by a level selected through the master amplitude GUI control and one or several calibration parameters for the respective stimulation set; and automatically recalculating the one or several calibration parameters for a respective stimulation set in response to manipulation of one of the balancing GUI controls and storing the recalculated calibration parameters.05-23-2013
20110029042LEAD ASSEMBLIES WITH ONE OR MORE SWITCHING NETWORKS - Exemplary lead assemblies include a lead body having a plurality of conductor wires embedded therein, a plurality of electrode contacts at least partially disposed on an outer surface of the lead body, and a plurality of switching networks each configured to control an operation of one or more of the plurality of electrode contacts.02-03-2011
20110040353THERAPY PROGRAM MODIFICATION BASED ON AN ENERGY THRESHOLD - A therapy program is modified to decompose an electrical stimulation signal defined by the therapy program into a plurality of sub-signals based on a comparison between an energy associated with the stimulation signal and a threshold value. An electrical stimulation signal defined by a therapy program may be decomposed into a plurality of subsignals when an electrical stimulation energy of the stimulation signal exceeds the maximum energy output of the medical device or of a channel of the medical device. The energy associated with each one of the subsignals may be less than the energy threshold value of the medical device.02-17-2011
20090210032MANUFACTURING METHODS, TESTING METHODS, AND TESTERS FOR INTRA-ORAL ELECTRONICALLY EMBEDDED DEVICES - The invention is directed to manufacturing and testing methods of electronic intraoral devices for diagnose, monitor and treat local and systemic diseases and conditions for humans and animals. More specifically, the current invention deals with manufacturing techniques, testing methods and a testing apparatus of mainly three types of intra-oral devices: (a) electro-stimulators for various applications such as treatment of dry mouth by stimulating saliva secretion, apnea, sleeping disorders, eating disorders (obesity, anorexia, etc.) dysphagia and others, (b) drug delivery devices; and (c) bio-sensing and monitoring devices. The common parts or the devices are: (1) art electronic module embedded in the device: (2) or a power source being embedded in the device; (3) the devices (or part of them) being placed in the oral cavity.08-20-2009
20110082522CLOSED-LOOP THERAPY ADJUSTMENT - Techniques for detecting a value of a sensed patient parameter, and automatically delivering therapy to a patient according to therapy information previously associated with the detected value, are described. In exemplary embodiments, a medical device receives a therapy adjustment from the patient. In response to the adjustment, the medical device associates a sensed value of a patient parameter with therapy information determined based on the adjustment. Whenever the parameter value is subsequently detected, the medical device delivers therapy according to the associated therapy information. In this manner, the medical device may “learn” to automatically adjust therapy in the manner desired by the patient as the sensed parameter of the patient changes. Exemplary patient parameters that may be sensed for performance of the described techniques include posture, activity, heart rate, electromyography (EMG), an electroencephalogram (EEG), an electrocardiogram (ECG), temperature, respiration rate, and pH.04-07-2011
20100222844NEUROSTIMULATOR AND METHOD FOR REGULATING SAME - The present invention relates to an electrode (09-02-2010
20110093042STIMULATION WITH UTILIZATION OF CASE ELECTRODE - This disclosure describes techniques that support delivering electrical stimulation via an electrode on a housing of an implantable medical device (IMD) while substantially simultaneously delivering electrical stimulation via one or more electrodes, having the same polarity as the electrode on the housing, on one or more leads engaged to the IMD. The stimulation may be constant current-based or constant voltage-based stimulation in the form of pulses or continuous waveforms. Delivery of stimulation via both a housing anode and one or more lead anodes, for example, may allow a user to control current paths between the housing electrode and the lead electrode(s) in a relative manner to achieve different electric or stimulation field shapes.04-21-2011
20090048643METHOD FOR PROVIDING MULTIPLE VOLTAGE LEVELS DURING PULSE GENERATION AND IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATING EMPLOYING THE SAME - In one embodiment, a method of operating an implantable pulse generator comprises: providing power to a voltage converter at a first voltage level; outputting a second voltage level by the voltage converter, the second voltage level being a variable voltage level that is controlled by a control signal provided to the voltage converter, the second voltage level being provided to pulse generating circuitry of the implantable pulse generator, the second voltage level being selectable from a plurality of voltages including non-integer multiples of the first voltage level; generating pulses by the pulse generating circuitry, the pulse generating circuitry including current control circuitry for controlling the pulses to cause the pulses to provide substantially constant current to tissue of the patient; and applying at least two different control signals to the voltage converter during individual pulses to provide successively increasing voltages to the pulse generating circuitry during a respective pulse.02-19-2009
20110160800SYSTEM AND METHODS OF DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION FOR POST-OPERATION PATIENTS - A method for programming a deep brain stimulator implanted in a target region of a brain of a living subject for optimal stimulation, wherein the deep brain stimulator comprises at least one electrode having a plurality of electrode contacts spaced apart from each other, and any portion of the brain of the living subject is identifiable by a set of corresponding spatial coordinates. In one embodiment, the method comprises the steps of creating an efficacy atlas in which any spatial coordinates for a position in a target region of the brain of the living subject are related to a position with corresponding atlas coordinates in the efficacy atlas, and each position in the atlas coordinates of the efficacy atlas is associated with an efficacy of stimulation at a corresponding position in the spatial coordinates of the brain of the living subject; acquiring a position of each electrode contact of the at least one electrode in the spatial coordinates of the brain of the living subject; mapping the acquired position of each electrode contact of the at least one electrode in the spatial coordinates of the brain of the living subject onto a corresponding position in the efficacy atlas so as to determine the efficacy of stimulation at the acquired position in the spatial coordinates of the brain of the living subject; and selecting one or more electrode contacts having the highest efficacy for stimulation.06-30-2011
20100280576TREE-BASED ELECTRICAL STIMULATOR PROGRAMMING - The disclosure describes an implantable stimulation system that guides programming with a therapeutic tree. All possible stimulation parameters are arranged on the therapeutic tree, with each level of the therapeutic tree containing a different stimulation parameter type. Each level includes nodes that are connected to nodes of adjacent levels. A program path is created by moving through nodes of lower levels. The stimulation parameter types are arranged so that coarse adjustments occur at higher levels of the tree and fine adjustments occur at lower levels of the tree. The nodes of the program path define the stimulation parameters of the delivered stimulation therapy. The user may provide information such as efficacy input and/or medication dosage information to the system for identifying the most efficacious program path in treating pain of the patient. Additionally or alternatively, efficacy feedback may be received from physiological parameter sensors.11-04-2010
20120277828METHODS, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR EFFICIENTLY PROGRAMMING NEUROSTIMULATION - Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to neurostimulation systems, methods for use with neurostimulation systems, and devices (e.g., programmers) of neurostimulation systems. Such a neurostimulation system can include, e.g., a neurostimulator, a programmer configured to communicate with and program the neurostimulator, and one or more leads connected to the neurostimulator, wherein each lead includes one or more electrodes. A method, according to an embodiment of the present invention, is for enabling efficient identification of one or more preferred sets of neurostimulation parameters from among numerous possible sets of neurostimulation parameters, wherein each set of neurostimulation parameters specifies a lead, an electrode configuration for the specified lead, and one or more pulse parameters (e.g., a pulse amplitude value, a pulse width value and/or a pulse frequency value).11-01-2012
20100004717Timing Control for Paired Plasticity - Systems, methods and devices for paired training include timing controls so that training and neural stimulation can be provided simultaneously. Paired trainings may include therapies, rehabilitation and performance enhancement training. Stimulations of nerves such as the vagus nerve that affect subcortical regions such as the nucleus basalis, locus coeruleus or amygdala induce plasticity in the brain, enhancing the effects of a variety of therapies, such as those used to treat tinnitus, stroke, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder.01-07-2010
20090018617PARAMETER-DIRECTED SHIFTING OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ELECTRODE COMBINATIONS - The disclosure provides techniques for parameter-directed shifting of electrical stimulation electrode combinations having substantially similar electrode patterns. An external programmer permits a user to shift electrode combinations along the length of a lead or leads. The external programmer accepts parameter-directed shift input and causes an electrical stimulator to shift electrode combinations as indicated. The external programmer may present an electrode combination as a parameter that can be adjusted or selected to shift the electrode combination along the length of a lead. An electrode combination may be presented as a value that can be incremented, decremented, or otherwise adjusted to indicate a shift in a desired direction. An external programmer that permits a patient or other user to shift electrode combinations in a manner similar to adjustments of other parameters may enable the patient to maintain or improve therapeutic efficacy.01-15-2009
20110257705CONTROL UNIT HAVING A DEPLOYABLE ANTENNA - A control unit for an implantable medical device includes a housing and electronics within the housing. The electronics control an RF emission from the control unit. An antenna is pivotably connected to the housing. The antenna is movable between a stowed position where RF emission from the antenna is prevented and a deployed position where RF emission from the antenna is permitted. To use the external control unit to effect communication between an external control unit and an implanted medical device, the user places the external control unit within electronic communication range of the implanted medical device. The control unit antenna is moved from the stowed position to a deployed position where RF emission from the antenna is permitted. RF waves are emitted from the antenna to establish communication between the external control unit and the implanted medical device.10-20-2011
20080319511AUTO ADJUSTING SYSTEM FOR BRAIN TISSUE STIMULATOR - An implantable neurostimulator for treating disorders such as epilepsy, pain, movement disorders and depression includes a detection subsystem capable of detecting a physiological condition and a therapy subsystem capable of providing a course of therapy in response to the condition. The therapy subsystem includes an auto-adjust module for automatically adjusting one or more parameters of the therapy so that the therapy subsystem can provide an adjusted parameter to the patient and solicit the patient's feedback concerning the adjustment without requiring the presence of, or immediate involvement with, a clinician or physician. The patient feedback can be analyzed by computer, clinician or a combination of both to determine an optimal range of parameters for subsequent courses of therapy. In this manner, information useful in tuning the neurostimulator therapy parameters to optimize them for individual patient can be acquired automatically outside of the traditional clinical setting, saving time and minimizing patient fatigue that otherwise would be experience in marathon, in-clinic tuning sessions. The auto-adjust module also can be configured to prompt the patient to provide feedback even when parameters are not being adjusted, so as to acquire information for a baseline or about any placebo effect when the patient is otherwise expecting changes to the therapy to be made.12-25-2008
20080215118User interface with toolbar for programming electrical stimulation therapy - The disclosure is directed to a user interface with a menu that facilitates stimulation therapy programming. The user interface displays a representation of the electrical leads implanted in the patient and at least one menu with icons that the user can use to adjust the stimulation therapy. The user may drag one or more field shapes from a field shape selection menu onto the desired location relative to the electrical leads. A manipulation tool menu may also allow the user to adjust the field shapes placed on the electrical leads, which represent the stimulation region. The programmer that includes the user interface then generates electrical stimulation parameter values for the stimulator to deliver stimulation according to the field shapes or field shape groups defined/located by the user. The field shapes may represent different types of stimulation representations, such as current density, activation functions, and neuron models.09-04-2008
20080215119SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING STIMULATION FIELD GENERATED BY ELECTRODE ARRAY - An implantable pulse generator includes a current steering capability that allows a clinician or patient to quickly determine a desired electrode stimulation pattern, including which electrodes of a group of electrodes within an electrode array should receive a stimulation current, including the amplitude, width and pulse repetition rate of such current. Movement of the selected group of electrodes is facilitated through the use of remotely generated directional signals, generated by a pointing device, such as a joystick. As movement of the selected group of electrodes occurs, current redistribution amongst the various electrode contacts takes place. The redistribution of stimulus amplitudes utilizes re-normalization of amplitudes so that the perceptual level remains fairly constant. This prevents the resulting paresthesia from falling below the perceptual threshold or above the comfort threshold.09-04-2008
20110054569PRESCRIPTION PAD FOR TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS - Described herein are devices, including interface modules or prescription pads, and systems including these devices and methods of using them, for treating inflammation or inflammatory disorders, and particularly for interfacing with a user desiring to prescribe treatment of an inflammatory disorder using an implanted stimulator.03-03-2011
20110054568METHODS TO AVOID FREQUENCY LOCKING IN A MULTI-CHANNEL NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM USING PULSE PLACEMENT - A method and neurostimulation system for treating a patient are provided. A plurality of pulsed electrical waveforms are respectively delivered within a plurality of timing channels of the neurostimulation system, thereby treating the patient. Sets of stimulation pulses within the electrical waveforms that will potentially overlap temporally are predicted. Each of the potentially overlapping pulse sets is substituted with a replacement stimulation pulse, such that each replacement stimulation pulse is delivered within at least one of the respective timing channels, thereby preventing temporal overlap between the stimulation pulses of the respective electrical waveforms while preventing frequency locking between the timing channels.03-03-2011
20110054567METHODS TO AVOID FREQUENCY LOCKING IN A MULTI-CHANNEL NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM USING PULSE SHIFTING - A method and neurostimulation system for treating a patient are provided. A plurality of pulsed electrical waveforms are respectively delivered within a plurality of timing channels of the neurostimulation system, thereby treating the patient. Sets of stimulation pulses within the pulsed electrical waveforms that will potentially overlap temporally are predicted. Stimulation pulses in the respective pulsed electrical waveforms are temporally shifted in a manner that prevents overlap of the potentially overlapping pulse sets while preventing frequency locking between the timing channels.03-03-2011
20130158630COMPUTATIONALLY EFFICIENT TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING ELECTRODE CURRENT DISTRIBUTION FROM A VIRTUAL MULTIPOLE - A system and method of providing therapy to a patient using a plurality of electrodes implanted within the patient. A virtual multipole configuration is defined relative to the plurality of electrodes. The distance between each of a group of the electrodes and a virtual pole of the virtual multipole configuration is determined. A stimulation amplitude distribution is determined for the electrode group based on the determined distances, thereby emulating the virtual multipole configuration. Electrical energy is conveyed from the electrode group in accordance with the computed stimulation amplitude distribution.06-20-2013
20110125220IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR FOR NEUROSTIMULATION THAT COMPRISES VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUITRY AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF - In one embodiment, an implantable pulse generator (IPG) for generating electrical pulses for stimulation of tissue of a patient, comprises: a controller for controlling operations of the IPG; pulse generating circuitry for generating electrical pulses; and conversion circuitry for converting a received logic signal generated by a first voltage domain for provision to a second voltage domain, the conversion circuitry comprising a first stage and a second stage, wherein (i) the first stage receives first signals at first and second logic levels; (ii) the second stage receives second signals at third and fourth logic levels, (iii) the second stage comprising two sets of cross-coupled transistors for generating a rail-to-rail output at the third and fourth logic levels according to whether the received logic signal is at the first or second logic level.05-26-2011
20110087305MEDICAL LEAD SYSTEM WITH ROUTER - A medical electrical lead system includes an electrical signal generator providing a plurality of discrete electrical signal channels and an electrical signal channel router electrically coupled between the electrical signal generator and a first lead body and a second lead body. The electrical signal channel router diverts one of the discrete electrical signal channels to the second lead body and not to the first lead body.04-14-2011
20090171419CAPACITOR REFORMATION METHOD AND DEVICE CONFIGURED TO PERFORM THE CAPACITOR REFORMATION METHOD - A method for reforming one or more capacitors in an implantable medical device includes the steps of determining a capacitor reformation time period using empirical capacitor charging data, configuring the programming module with capacitor reformation instructions that include the capacitor reformation voltage and time period, and in response to the capacitor reformation instructions, charging the capacitors for the capacitor reformation time period.07-02-2009
20090171418Apparatus for Non-Invasive Stimulation of an Animal - An apparatus for performing non-invasive stimulation of an animal's body, the apparatus comprising: a connector body having a conductor and a pair of stimulators electrically coupled to said conductor, the pair of stimulators being disposed on the connector body to allow the cutaneous surface of the animals body to be engaged therebetween. In use, a power source is electrically coupled to said conductor to transmit an electric current to the pair of stimulators to perform non-invasive stimulation on the animals body as current passes therethrough.07-02-2009
20110093041ELECTRICAL STIMULATION THERAPY USING DECAYING CURRENT PULSES - This disclosure describes generation of electrical stimulation pulses for electrical stimulation therapy. The stimulation pulses have a pulse current level and pulse width, and may be generated by a current regulator. The pulse voltage level may be a voltage level delivered by the current regulator while maintaining regulation of the pulse current level. During delivery of a pulse, a supply voltage level may decrease due to discharging of a supply capacitance, and the pulse voltage level may increase due to charging of a load capacitance. The pulse current level may be controlled to decrease during the pulse width such that a sum of the pulse voltage level and a headroom voltage of the current regulator does not exceed the supply voltage level. In some examples, the pulse may include sub-pulses with different sub-pulse current levels, where an earlier sub-pulse has a higher pulse current level than a later sub-pulse.04-21-2011
20120310304SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING NEURAL STIMULATION TRANSITIONS - A method embodiment comprises generating a neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy. The signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. In various embodiments, a ramp up protocol is implemented to begin the duty cycle, a ramp down protocol is implemented to end the duty cycle, or both the ramp up protocol and the ramp down protocol are implemented. The ramp up protocol includes ramping up the intensity from a non-zero first subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle to the therapy level. The ramp down protocol includes ramping down the intensity from the therapy intensity level to a non-zero second subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle.12-06-2012
20100023090SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AVOIDING, REVERSING, AND MANAGING NEUROLOGICAL ACCOMODATION TO ELETRICAL STIMULATION - A method and programmer for programming a neurostimulation device are provided. The method comprises varying a first stimulation parameter under user control, automatically varying a second stimulation parameter, generating a plurality of stimulation parameter sets from the varied first and second stimulation parameters, outputting a pulsed electrical waveform from the neurostimulation device between a plurality of electrodes in accordance with the stimulation parameter sets, such that neural tissue is stimulated without undergoing neurological accommodation that would otherwise occur if the second stimulation parameter were not varied, and programming the neurostimulation device with a new set of stimulation parameters based on a result of the neural tissue stimulation The programmer comprises a user interface capable of receiving an input from a user, a processor configured for performing the previous steps, and output circuitry configured for transmitting the stimulation parameter sets and the new stimulation parameter set to the neurostimulation device.01-28-2010
20100016923Protein activity modification - A method of modifying tissue behavior, comprising: 01-21-2010
20110307032PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES FOR CONTROLLING RATE OF CHANGE OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION THERAPY - Techniques are described, for medical devices that deliver electrical stimulation therapy, for controlling a transition from an initial stimulation location or initial stimulation shape to a user-specified target stimulation location or target stimulation shape in order to limit the rate of change of stimulation. One example method includes receiving, via a programmer for an electrical stimulator, user input indicating a target stimulation zone, and controlling the electrical stimulator to transition electrical stimulation from an initial stimulation zone to the target stimulation zone via one or more intermediate stimulation zones.12-15-2011
20110112609AUTOMATIC LEAD IDENTIFICATION USING ELECTRIC FIELD FINGERPRINTING - A method, programmer for a neurostimulator, and neurostimulation kit are provided. The kit comprises a neurostimulator, and a plurality of elongated lead bodies configured for being coupled to the neurostimulator, each having a plurality of proximal contacts and a plurality of distal electrodes respectively electrically coupled to the proximal contacts, wherein an in-line connectivity between the electrodes and proximal contacts carried by the different lead bodies differs from each other. Electrical energy is conveyed between the electrodes of the selected lead body and the tissue, an electrical fingerprint is measured at the proximal contacts of the selected lead body in response to the conveyed electrical energy, and the selected lead body is identified based on the measured electrical fingerprint. These steps can be performed by the programmer.05-12-2011
20100125314SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING AUTOMATIC PULSE PARAMETERS TO SELECTIVELY ACTIVATE NERVE FIBERS - A method of stimulating nerve tissue, a tissue stimulation system, and an external control device are provided. The method, system, and control device causes an electrical stimulus to be applied to at least one electrode adjacent the nerve tissue of a patient. The applied electrical stimulus comprises a plurality of pulses defined by a pulse width value and an amplitude value. The pulse amplitude value is increased (e.g., manually), and the pulse width value is automatically decreased in response to increasing the pulse amplitude value in a manner that increases the intensity of the applied electrical stimulus. Alternatively, the pulse width value may be decreased (e.g., manually), and the pulse amplitude value automatically increased in response to decreasing the pulse width value in a manner that increases the intensity of the applied electrical stimulus.05-20-2010
20090024187MULIT-PROGRAMMABLE TRIAL STIMULATOR - Disclosed are systems and methods which provide trial stimulators suited for use interoperatively and during patient trial. Trial stimulator embodiments provide a patient interface and/or clinician interface which appears and functions substantially the same as an interface of a pulse generator controller which will be used after a trial period. A compliance monitor feature may be provided to facilitate verifying the proper use of the trial stimulator during a trial period. A diagnostic feature may be provided to facilitate verifying proper operation of various aspects of a trial stimulator, such as electrode impedance analysis. Trial stimulators of embodiments provide stimulation to a plurality of tissues and/or areas of the body, such as spinal cord stimulation, deep brain stimulation, etcetera. Embodiments provide for multi-electrode stimulation and multi-stimulation programs. Embodiments are configured to provide active discharge of stimulation pulses as well as to utilize constant current sources in providing the stimulation pulses.01-22-2009
20120046715USER INTERFACE FOR SEGMENTED NEUROSTIMULATION LEADS - An external control device for use with a neurostimulation system having a plurality of electrodes capable of conveying an electrical stimulation field into tissue in which the electrodes are implanted is provided. The external control device comprises a user interface having one or more control elements, a processor configured for generating stimulation parameters designed to modify the electrical stimulation field relative to one or more neurostimulation lead carrying the electrodes. The external control device further comprises output circuitry configured for transmitting the stimulation parameters to the neurostimulation system.02-23-2012
20120016445SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CLUSTERING OF ELECTRODES IN NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM - A method and neurostimulation control system for programming electrodes disposed adjacent tissue of a patient. The electrodes are initially assigned to a plurality of electrode subsets to be evaluated. A pair of immediately neighboring ones of the electrode subsets is determined, and merged into a new electrode subset that includes all electrodes in the pair of immediately neighboring electrode subsets. The new electrode subset is included within the plurality of electrode subsets to be evaluated, while the pair of immediately neighboring electrode subsets is excluded from the plurality of electrode sets to be evaluated. These steps are repeated until all the electrode subsets have been merged into a single electrode subset. A clustering relationship of the electrodes is identified, and the electrodes are programmed based on the identified clustering relationship of the electrodes.01-19-2012
20120022615SHIFTING BETWEEN ELECTRODE COMBINATIONS IN ELECTRICAL STIMULATION DEVICE - The disclosure is directed to techniques for shifting between two electrode combinations. An amplitude of a first electrode combination is incrementally decreased while an amplitude of a second, or subsequent, electrode combination is concurrently incrementally increased. Alternatively, an amplitude of the first electrode combination is maintained at a target amplitude level while the amplitude of the second electrode combination is incrementally increased. The stimulation pulses of the electrode combinations are delivered to the patient interleaved in time. In this manner, the invention provides for a smooth, gradual shift from a first electrode combination to a second electrode combination, allowing the patient to maintain a continual perception of stimulation. The shifting techniques described herein may be used during programming to shift between different electrode combinations to find an efficacious electrode combination. Additionally, the techniques may be used for shifting between different electrode combinations associated with different stimulation programs or program sets.01-26-2012
20120022614SHIFTING BETWEEN ELECTRODE COMBINATIONS IN ELECTRICAL STIMULATION DEVICE - The disclosure is directed to techniques for shifting between two electrode combinations. An amplitude of a first electrode combination is incrementally decreased while an amplitude of a second, or subsequent, electrode combination is concurrently incrementally increased. Alternatively, an amplitude of the first electrode combination is maintained at a target amplitude level while the amplitude of the second electrode combination is incrementally increased. The stimulation pulses of the electrode combinations are delivered to the patient interleaved in time. In this manner, the invention provides for a smooth, gradual shift from a first electrode combination to a second electrode combination, allowing the patient to maintain a continual perception of stimulation. The shifting techniques described herein may be used during programming to shift between different electrode combinations to find an efficacious electrode combination. Additionally, the techniques may be used for shifting between different electrode combinations associated with different stimulation programs or program sets.01-26-2012
20120065706REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF IMPLANTABLE DEVICES - A treatment system includes a regulator implanted within a patient, a computing device storing at least one patient database associated with the patient in whom the regulator is implanted, and a data transfer device. The data transfer device provides bi-directional communication (e.g., voice communication) and a data exchange (e.g., a treatment history, a patient database, and operational instructions) between the regulator and the computing device. A programmer can obtain patient reports and/or default treatment values from the computing device based on the data exchange.03-15-2012
20110093045SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING VOLUME OF ACTIVATION IN TISSUE - A system for a neurostimulation device comprises at least one processor configured for estimating at a plurality of spatial points a respective plurality of electrical field vectors resulting from a stimulation lead operating in accordance with the set of stimulation parameters, determining an amplitude of each electrical field vector and an angle between each electrical field vector and a vector aligned with an axis of the stimulation lead, and estimating a tissue of volume activation about the stimulation lead based on the determined amplitude and angle of each electrical field vector.04-21-2011
20110093044SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MODELING ELECTRODE MORPHOLOGIES - A system for a neurostimulation device comprises a user input device configured for receiving an electrode morphology having at least one electrode, memory storing at least one basis electrode model, and at least one processor configured for modeling at least one electrode by recalling the at least one basis electrode model from the memory, and using the recalled at least one basis electrode model multiple times to construct a model of the at least one electrode.04-21-2011
20110093043PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES FOR STIMULATION WITH UTILIZATION OF CASE ELECTRODE - This disclosure describes techniques that support delivering electrical stimulation via an electrode on a housing of an implantable medical device (IMD) while substantially simultaneously delivering electrical stimulation via one or more electrodes, having the same polarity as the electrode on the housing, on one or more leads engaged to the IMD. The stimulation may be constant current-based or constant voltage-based stimulation in the form of pulses or continuous waveforms. Delivery of stimulation via both a housing anode and one or more lead anodes, for example, may allow a user to control current paths between the housing electrode and the lead electrode(s) in a relative manner to achieve different electric or stimulation field shapes.04-21-2011
20110093040IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE WITH SELECTIVELY CONFIGURABLE EXPOSURE OPERATING MODE PROGRAMMING OPTIONS - An IMD is selectively configurable to support a plurality of programming options for enabling and disabling an exposure operating mode of the device. In one example, the IMD may support at least two of a manual exposure mode programming option in which the exposure operating mode is manually enabled and manually disabled, an automatic exposure mode programming option in which the exposure operating mode is automatically enabled and automatically disabled, or a semi-automatic exposure mode programming option in which the exposure operating mode is either automatically enabled and manually disabled or manually enabled and automatically disabled. In this manner, the IMD may support more than one way for enabling and disabling the exposure operating mode to provide flexibility in the clinical workflows associated with programming the IMD into an exposure operating mode for a medical procedure, such as an MRI scan.04-21-2011
20120158097IMPLANTABLE DEVICE - An implantable medical device having at least one functional lead which extends longitudinally, wherein the functional lead is connected to an electrode pole for the purpose of discharging therapeutic signals or detecting diagnostic signals, wherein the functional lead has a current limiting device in one longitudinal section, wherein the current limiting device has a first and a second current limiter which are switched in parallel, and wherein each current limiter is configured to prevent electrical current in the electrical lead from exceeding a pre-specified maximum value.06-21-2012
20120158096DIRECT MEMORY ACCESS (DMA) CONTROLLED STIMULATION - An implantable stimulation system (e.g., an implantable neurostimulation system (INS)) comprises memory including a first table and a second table. The first table stores blocks of stimulation event data corresponding to stimulation events that are to be performed during a period of time (e.g., a 0.5 sec. or 1 sec. period of time). The second table stores blocks of next stimulation event time data corresponding to the period of time. The implantable stimulation system also includes a direct memory access (DMA) controller including a first DMA channel and a second DMA channel. The first DMA channel selectively transfers one of the blocks stimulation event data from the first table to one or more registers that are used to control stimulation events. The second DMA channel selectively transfers one of the blocks of next stimulation event time data from the second table to a timer that is used to control timing associated with the stimulation events. In this manner, the DMA controller is able to control stimulation.06-21-2012
20120071949SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING RADIALLY-ALIGNED SEGMENTED ELECTRODES FOR LEADS OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION SYSTEMS - An electrical stimulation lead includes a lead body insertable into a patient. Electrodes are disposed along the lead body. The electrodes include at least two sets of segmented electrodes. Each set of segmented electrodes includes a first segmented electrode and a second segmented electrode radially spaced apart from one another around a circumference of the lead body. A tab is disposed on the first segmented electrode of each set of segmented electrodes. The tabs extend into the lead body. A guide feature is disposed on the tabs. The guide features are each radially aligned with one another along the length of the lead body. Conductors extend along the length of the lead body from a proximal end to the electrodes. Each of the conductors is electrically coupled to at least one of the electrodes. At least one of the conductors extends through the radially-aligned guide features of the tabs.03-22-2012
20120109257SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING FLUID REAL-TIME VISUALIZATION OF REGION OF TISSUE ACTIVATION - A system for a tissue stimulator coupled to an array of electrodes. The system comprises a user-controlled input device configured for generating control signals, and at least one processor configured for generating a plurality of stimulation parameter sets in response to the control signals that, when applied to the electrodes, will shift electrical current between electrodes to modify a region of tissue activation. The processor(s) is further configured for computing an estimate of the region of tissue activation, and for generating display signals capable of prompting a monitor to display an animated graphical representation of the computed estimate of the region of tissue activation.05-03-2012
20110040351SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DEFINE TARGET VOLUME FOR STIMULATION OF THE SPINAL CORD AND PERIPHERAL NERVES - One embodiment provides a computer-implemented method that includes storing a volume of tissue activation (VTA) data structure that is derived from analysis of a plurality of patients. Patient data is received for a given patient, the patient data representing an assessment of a patient condition. The VTA data structure is evaluated relative to the patient data to determine a target VTA for achieving a desired therapeutic effect for the given patient.02-17-2011
20110106213USER INTERFACE FOR OPTIMIZING ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN A NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM - In one aspect, a programmer for an implantable medical device comprises a user interface that receives user input corresponding to one or more selected stimulation therapy parameters for delivering stimulation therapy to a patient with the implantable medical device and presents an energy consumption estimate of a power source based on the selected stimulation therapy parameters; and a processor that determines one or more programming options that, if selected, would alter the selected stimulation therapy parameters and reduce the energy consumption estimate. The user interface presents at least one of the programming options to reduce the energy consumption estimate to the user with an indication that user selection of one or more of the presented programming options would alter the selected stimulation therapy parameters to reduce energy consumption of the implantable medical device.05-05-2011
20110106212CONFIGURING OPERATING PARAMETERS OF A MEDICAL DEVICE BASED ON A TYPE OF SOURCE OF A DISRUPTIVE ENERGY FIELD - An implantable medical device (IMD) configures one or more operating parameters of the IMD based on a type of source of a disruptive energy field to which the IMD is exposed. The disruptive energy field may, in one example, include magnetic and/or radio frequency (RF) fields generated by an MRI scanner. In one aspect, the IMD may distinguish between different types of MRI scanners and select an exposure operating mode tailored to reduce the effects of the particular type of MRI scanner. In another aspect, the IMD may adjust one or more operating parameters that will be used when the IMD returns to a normal operating mode after exposure to the MRI scanner based on the type of MRI scanner to which the IMD is exposed.05-05-2011
20120165901NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING DESIRED STIMULATION AMPLITUDE FOR ELECTRODE CONFIGURATION - A neurostimulation system comprises a user input device configured for receiving input from a user, and processing circuitry configured for (a) selecting a first electrode configuration in response to receiving the user input, (b) predicting a neural response induced by electrical energy theoretically conveyed by the first electrode configuration at a specified amplitude, (c) deriving a metric value from the predicted neural response, (d) comparing the metric value to a reference threshold value, (e) adjusting the specified amplitude of the electrical energy if the metric value is not in a specified range relative to the reference threshold value, (f) repeating steps (b)-(e) using the adjusted amplitude as the specified amplitude until the metric value is in the specific range relative to the reference threshold value, and (g) instructing a neurostimulation device to deliver the electrical energy at the adjusted amplitude via the first electrode configuration to stimulate the patient.06-28-2012
20120165900NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM FOR IMPLEMENTING MODEL-BASED ESTIMATE OF NEUROSTIMULATION EFFECTS - A neurostimulation system for use in providing therapy to a patient comprises a user input device configured for receiving input from a user, and processing circuitry configured for selecting an electrode configuration in response to receiving the input from the user, providing an electrical model of a neuronal element of the patient, providing a discrete approximation of a differential equation of a neural response parameter (e.g., a transmembrane voltage potential) of the electrical model as a function of discrete space (e.g., nodes along the electrical model) and as a function of a finite time difference, computing the neural response parameter in the differential equation approximation at a specified time for each of a plurality of points on a membrane of the neuronal element, and performing a human-discernible function based on the computed neural response parameters.06-28-2012
20120215285System for Communication with Implantable Medical Devices Using a Bridge Device - A communications bridge device communicates between a consumer electronics device, such as a smart telephone, and an implantable medical device. The bridge forwards instructions and data between the consumer electronics device and the implantable medical device. The bridge contains a first transceiver that operates according to a communication protocol operating in the consumer electronics device (such as Bluetooth®), and second transceiver that operates according to a communications technique operating in the implantable medical device (e.g., Frequency Shift Keying). A software application is installed on the consumer electronics device, which provides a user interface for controlling and reading the implantable medical device. The software application is downloadable using standard cellular means. The bridge is preferably small, and easily and discreetly carried by the implantable medical device patient. The bridge is preferably also simple to operate, and may have only a simple user interface, or no user interface at all.08-23-2012
20100049280HUMAN-IMPLANTABLE-NEUROSTIMULATOR USER INTERFACE HAVING MULTIPLE LEVELS OF ABSTRACTION - A programming-device user interface may include multiple levels of abstraction for programming treatment settings. A stimulation zone-programming interface may be at a highest level of abstraction and may include idealized stimulation zones. A field strength-programming interface may be at a middle level of abstraction and may include electromagnetic field-strength patterns generated by the stimulation zones, and/or electrode settings, and a depiction of how the electromagnetic fields interact with each other. An electrode-programming interface may be at a lowest level of abstraction and may depict treatment settings at an electrodes-view level. These interfaces may include a display of a stimulatable area of the patient's body. The display may include a depiction of leads and/or the underlying physiology, such as a depiction of a portion of a spine. Algorithms map treatment settings from one level of abstraction to settings at one or more other levels of abstraction.02-25-2010
20100049279ADAPTIVE SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION FOR A MEDICAL DEVICE - This document describes, among other things, a method of operating a medical device comprising updating a regulatory approval status stored in at least one of the medical device or a second device operable to communicate with the medical device, and enabling or disabling the at least one function in the medical device based on the regulatory approval status. The regulatory approval status corresponds to at least one function performable by the medical device.02-25-2010
20090099624INPLANTABLE SYSTEM WITH INPUTS - A stimulation system can have a first sensor to generate a first reading and a second sensor to generate a second reading. An analysis module of a programmer such as a patient programmer, which programs a stimulation signal to be delivered to a patient, conducts an evaluation of the patient based on the first and second readings. Evaluations may include determinations such as range of motion determinations, posture determinations, physical task-specific brain activity determinations, cognitive task-specific brain activity determinations, and brain activity-specific movement determinations.04-16-2009
20100274321BAROREFLEX ACTIVATION THERAPY WITH CONDITIONAL SHUT OFF - An aspect of the present subject matter relates to a baroreflex stimulator. An embodiment of the stimulator comprises a pulse generator to provide a baroreflex stimulation signal through an electrode, and a modulator to modulate the baroreflex stimulation signal based on a circadian rhythm template. Other aspects are provided herein.10-28-2010
20120123502External Trial Stimulator Useable in an Implantable Neurostimulator System - An improved external trial stimulator provides neurostimulation functionality for implanted medical electrodes prior to implantation of an implantable neurostimulator. The external trial stimulator is housed in a four-part housing that provides mechanical and electrostatic discharge protection for the electronics mounted in a central frame of the housing. Connectors attached to leads from the electrodes connect to contacts that are recessed in the housing through ports that are centered for easy access. Multiple indicators provide information to users of the external trial stimulator.05-17-2012
20100010574POSTURE STATE REDEFINITION BASED ON POSTURE DATA AND THERAPY ADJUSTMENTS - The disclosure is directed towards posture-responsive therapy. To avoid interruptions in effective therapy, an implantable medical device may include a posture state module that detects the posture state of the patient and automatically adjusts therapy parameter values according to the detected posture state. A system may include a posture state module that records a current posture of a patient, a user interface that receives a therapy adjustment, a processor that associates a posture that the posture state module recorded when the user interface received the therapy adjustment with the therapy adjustment, determines whether the posture falls within a defined posture state, compares the therapy adjustment to therapy information associated with the defined posture state, and updates the set of posture state definitions based on the determination and comparison.01-14-2010
20100010573PATIENT-DEFINED POSTURE STATES FOR POSTURE RESPONSIVE THERAPY - The disclosure is directed towards posture-responsive therapy. To avoid interruptions in effective therapy, an implantable medical device may include a posture state module that detects the posture state of the patient and automatically adjusts therapy parameter values according to the detected posture state. A system may include a memory that stores a set of pre-established posture state definitions for delivery of posture state-responsive therapy to a patient, an external programmer comprising a user interface that receives a request from a user to update the set of pre-established posture state definitions, and a processor that updates the set of pre-established posture state definitions in response to the request.01-14-2010
20100010571PATIENT INTERACTION WITH POSTURE-RESPONSIVE THERAPY - In general, the disclosure relates to the delivery of therapy according to a detected posture state of a patient. The disclosure contemplates a variety of techniques for managing therapy delivered to a patent, including patient and clinician interaction with a medical device configured to deliver therapy according to posture state. In one example, the disclosure relates to a technique including delivering a first therapy to a patient via a medical device, the first therapy associated with a first posture state of the patient; receiving an indication from a user indicating that a second therapy should be delivered, the second therapy associated with a second posture state of the patient; and delivering the second therapy to the patient instead of the first therapy based on the indication.01-14-2010
20120316619PROGRAMMING INTERFACE FOR STIMULATION THERAPY - The disclosure is directed to programming implantable stimulators to deliver stimulation energy via one or more implantable leads having complex electrode array geometries. The disclosure also contemplates guided programming to select electrode combinations and parameter values to support efficacy. The techniques may be applied to a programming interface associated with a clinician programmer, a patient programmer, or both. A user interface permits a user to view electrodes from different perspectives relative to the lead. For example, the user interface provides a side view of a lead and a cross-sectional view of the lead. The user interface may include an axial control medium to select and/or view electrodes at different axial positions along the length of a lead, and a rotational control medium to select and/or view electrodes at different angular positions around a circumference of the lead.12-13-2012
20120259387LEAD ASSEMBLIES WITH ONE OR MORE SWITCHING NETWORKS - Exemplary lead assemblies include a lead body having a plurality of conductor wires embedded therein, a plurality of electrode contacts at least partially disposed on an outer surface of the lead body, and a plurality of switching networks each configured to control an operation of one or more of the plurality of electrode contacts.10-11-2012
20120259386SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING IMPROVED CONNECTORS FOR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION SYSTEMS - A connector for an implantable medical device includes a lumen extending from a port defined along a length of a connector housing. Axially-spaced-apart connector couplers are disposed along the lumen and are configured to couple to a proximal end of an inserted lead or lead extension. Each of the connector couplers includes a plurality of circumferentially-spaced-apart coupling members and at least one elastic member. The plurality of circumferentially-spaced-apart coupling members each have inner surfaces and outer surfaces. The inner surfaces of the coupling members are configured and arranged to couple to the proximal end of the lead or lead extension when the proximal end of the lead or lead extension is inserted into the lumen. The at least one elastic member couples the coupling members to one another such that a distance between the coupling members is expandable.10-11-2012
20130172957NON-INVASIVE NERVE STIMULATOR CIRCUIT - The present disclosure describes a circuit that may be used in a non-invasive nerve stimulator. The circuit contains a signal source, a power source, an amplification source and a user interface portion. The circuit may be used in a handheld device that is applied directly to the surface of a patient or it may be used in other configurations.07-04-2013
20080300654IMPLANTABLE THERAPY SYSTEM - A therapy system for applying an electrical signal to an internal anatomical feature of a patient includes an implantable component and an external component. The implantable component is configured to receive a selected therapy program and a selected therapy schedule from the external component. The implantable component is adapted to be selectively configured into one of a training mode and a delivery mode. The implantable component is configured to apply therapy to the internal anatomical feature in accordance with the selected therapy program and the selected therapy schedule when configured in the delivery mode. The implantable component is configured to simulate application of therapy when configured in the training mode.12-04-2008
20120239116NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM FOR MATCHING IDEAL POLE SPACING WITH EFFECTIVE ELECTRODE SEPARATION - A system for a neurostimulator coupled to electrodes. The system comprises a input device configured for generating control signals, and control circuitry configured for defining at least one ideal multipole configuration relative to the electrodes in response to the control signals, the control circuitry, for each of the ideal multipole configuration(s), being further configured for, designating at least one of the electrodes as a reference electrode, estimating an effective electrode separation at each of the reference electrode(s), defining a spacing between the poles based on the estimated effective electrode separation at each of the reference electrode(s), generating at least one stimulation parameter set respectively corresponding to the ideal multipole configuration(s), each of the stimulation parameter set(s) defining relative amplitude values for the electrodes that emulate the respective ideal multipole configuration, and instructing the electrical neurostimulator to convey electrical energy to the electrodes in accordance with the stimulation parameter set(s).09-20-2012
20120239115NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM FOR DEFINING IDEAL MULTIPOLE CONFIGURATIONS AT LEAD BOUNDARY - A system for an neurostimulator coupled to electrodes. The system comprises a input device configured for generating directional control signals, and memory storing ideal multipole configurations. The system further comprises control circuitry configured for defining the ideal multipole configurations relative to the electrodes in response to the directional control signals, determining a spatial relationship between at least one of the defined ideal multipole configurations and the maximum extent of the electrodes, modifying the defined ideal multipole configurations based on the determined spatial relationship, such that the modified ideal multipole configurations are spatially within the maximum extent of the electrodes, generating stimulation parameter sets respectively corresponding to the modified ideal multipole configurations, each stimulation parameter set defining relative amplitude values for the electrodes that emulate the respective modified ideal multipole configuration, and instructing the neurostimulator to convey electrical energy to the electrodes in accordance with the stimulation parameter sets.09-20-2012
20120239114NEUROSTIMULATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEDIO-LATERALLY STEERING CURRENT USING IDEAL MULTIPOLE CONFIGURATIONS - A system for an electrical neurostimulator coupled to a plurality of electrodes. The system comprises a user-controlled input device configured for generating directional control signals. The system further comprises control circuitry configured for sequentially defining a plurality of different ideal multipole configurations that includes two orthogonal ideal tripole configurations relative to the plurality of electrodes in response to the directional control signals, generating a plurality of stimulation parameter sets respectively corresponding to the plurality of different ideal multipole configuration, each stimulation parameter set defining relative amplitude values for the plurality of electrodes that emulate the respective multipole configuration, and instructing the electrical neurostimulator to convey electrical energy to the plurality of electrodes in accordance with the plurality of stimulation parameter sets.09-20-2012
20110130808Swallowing Stimulation System - A swallowing stimulation system has a swallowing stimulator for use in triggering an act of swallowing in a patient. The swallowing system has an operating unit including operating elements for receiving user inputs, whereby the operating elements are allocated to different possible physical properties of a food, such that a user can allocate a particular food by means of the operating elements to at least one of at least two categories. The operating unit is designed to generate a control signal corresponding to a user input for the swallowing stimulator, and the swallowing stimulator is designed so that a stimulus for triggering an act of swallowing is formed in response to the control signal.06-02-2011
20120265271IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES STORING GRAPHICS PROCESSING DATA - In one example, a device includes a telemetry module configured to retrieve graphics processing data from a device that is not configured to perform a rendering process using the graphics processing data and that is associated with delivering therapy to a therapy target of a patient, and a control unit configured to apply the graphics processing data while performing the rendering process to generate an image of an anatomical feature of the patient, wherein the anatomical feature comprises the therapy target for an implantable medical device, and to cause a display unit of a user interface to display the image, wherein the image of the anatomical feature is specific to the patient. The graphics processing data may include a list of vertices or a transform to be applied to a non-patient-specific anatomical atlas. The data may also include a location of a therapy element of the implantable medical device.10-18-2012
20110046697THERAPY PROGRAM MODIFICATION - A therapy program may be generated based on an algorithmic model of a baseline therapy field, which may represent a therapy field resulting from therapy delivery via the first therapy system based on a first therapy program. A second therapy program that controls therapy delivery by a second therapy system may be generated based on the baseline therapy field model. For example, therapy parameter values of the second therapy program may be selected to maintain at least one field characteristic of the baseline therapy field model. In some examples, the second therapy system may result from a hardware modification to the first therapy system. In other examples, the first and second therapy systems may be associated with different patients. For example, the baseline therapy field model may be an efficacious therapy field for a patient class, and a second therapy program may be generated for a patient in the class.02-24-2011
20120330379DATA-DRIVEN PATTERN DETECTION OF IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE DATA - Detecting patterns in sensed implantable medical device (IMC) data is described. One implementation involves an IMD that includes a data-driven pattern detection network embodied on the IMD to detect a pattern from sensed patient data. The IMD also includes one or more algorithms embodied on the IMD to utilize the pattern to effect patient therapy.12-27-2012
20120323294PERCUTANEOUS TIBIAL NERVE STIMULATOR - A tibial nerve stimulation device including a percutaneous electrode for inserting adjacent a stimulation site of a patient and a neurostimulator unit attachable to a transcutaneous electrode configured to be applied to skin adjacent the stimulation site. The neurostimulator unit includes a pulse generator electrically coupled to the percutaneous needle electrode and transcutaneous electrode and a microcontroller in communication with the pulse generator for monitoring a number of available treatment credits and activating the pulse generator, each available treatment credit corresponding to a treatment session and the pulse generator operable to be activated for performing the treatment session when the number of available treatment credits is at least one. A computer system is operable to communicate with the microcontroller of the neurostimulator unit for receiving a treatment credit request and transmitting the number of treatment credits purchased to the microcontroller of the neurostimulator unit.12-20-2012
20120095530METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING NEUROSTIMULATION ACCORDING TO PHYSICAL STATE - A neurostimulation system senses a signal indicative of a patient's physical state such as posture and/or activity level. In various embodiments, a stored value for each of stimulation parameters controlling delivery of neurostimulation is selected according to the patient's physical state. In various embodiments, values of the stimulation parameters are approximately optimized for each of a number of different physical states, and are stored for later selection.04-19-2012
20120095529Architectures for an Implantable Medical Device System Having Daisy-Chained Electrode-Driver Integrated Circuits - Architectures for an implantable neurostimulator system having a plurality of electrode-driver integrated circuits (ICs) in provided. Electrodes from either or both ICs can be chosen to provide stimulation, and one of the IC acts as the master while the other acts as the slave. A parallel bus operating in accordance with a communication protocol couples the ICs, and certain functional blocks not needed in the slave are disabled. Stimulation parameters are loaded via the bus into each IC, and a stimulation enable command is issued on the bus to ensure simultaneous stimulation from the electrodes on both ICs. Clocking strategies are also disclosed to allow clocking of the master and slave ICs to be independently controlled, and to ensure that relevant internal and bus clocks used in the system are synchronized.04-19-2012
20110319967SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPUTATIONALLY DETERMINING MIGRATION OF NEUROSTIMULATION LEADS - A tissue stimulation system and computer software and method of monitoring a neurostimulation lead having a plurality of electrodes implanted within a patient (e.g., adjacent the spinal cord) is provided. Neurostimulation lead models are provided, each of which includes estimated electrical parameter data (e.g., electrical field potential data) corresponding to a predetermined position of the neurostimulation lead. Electrical energy is transmitted to or from the electrodes, and electrical parameter data (e.g., electrical field potential data) is measured in response to the transmitted electrical energy. The measured electrical parameter data is compared with the estimated electrical parameter data of each of the neurostimulation lead models, and a position of the neurostimulation lead is determined based on the comparison.12-29-2011
20130023956REMOTE SENSING IN AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - An embodiment uses an accelerometer to sense heart sounds, and determines heart rate information using the sensed heart sounds. An embodiment uses an accelerometer to sense respiratory activity. An embodiment delivers a programmed neural stimulation therapy with a programmed duty cycle, where the programmed duty cycle includes a stimulation ON portion followed by a stimulation OFF portion. An electrode electrically connected to the implanted neural stimulation device is used to remotely detect cardiac activity. The remotely detected cardiac activity is used to detect heart rate information during the stimulation ON portion and to detect heart rate information during the stimulation OFF portion. The detected heart rate information and/or the detected respiration information are used to control a neural stimulation therapy performed by the neural stimulator device and/or are used to provide diagnostic information for the patient's condition.01-24-2013
20110264171ELECTRICAL STIMULATOR WITH VOLTAGE MODE EMULATION USING REGULATED CURRENT - Techniques are described for generating electrical stimulation current pulses for delivery of electrical stimulation therapy via a current-controlled system that emulates voltage pulses generated via a voltage-controlled system. In one example, a method includes receiving user input specifying a voltage level of electrical stimulation to be delivered by one or more of a plurality of electrodes implanted within the patient, selectively coupling the one or more electrodes to respective regulated current paths to deliver the electrical stimulation to the patient, selectively coupling at least another of the plurality of electrodes implanted within the patient to an unregulated current path to deliver the electrical stimulation to the patient, determining a regulated current for each respective regulated current path in order to produce the specified voltage level at the one or more electrodes selectively coupled to the respective regulated current paths, and delivering the determined regulated currents via the respective regulated current paths.10-27-2011
20130172956METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING STIMULATION PULSES DURING THE PROGRAMMING OF AN IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR - In one embodiment, a method for the controlling of the stimulation pulses being delivered via electrodes to a patient during the programming of a pulse generator using a controller device and selecting of a minimum amplitude that corresponds to the minimum amplitude for which the patient can detect stimulation; selecting an electrode combination defined in the controller device; setting the stimulation amplitude; making a determination of the amplitude for the stimulation pulses is greater than the perception amplitude, and if so, changing the amplitude of the stimulation pulses to be less than or equal to the perception amplitude; and if not or subsequent to the changing of the amplitude, changing the selected one of a plurality of electrode combinations to a different combination.07-04-2013
20100280574PATIENT STATE DETECTION BASED ON SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE BASED ALGORITHM - A patient state is detected with at least one classification boundary generated by a supervised machine learning technique, such as a support vector machine. In some examples, the patient state detection is used to at least one of control the delivery of therapy to a patient, to generate a patient notification, to initiate data recording, or to evaluate a patient condition. In addition, an evaluation metric can be determined based on a feature vector, which is determined based on characteristics of a patient parameter signal, and the classification boundary. Example evaluation metrics can be based on a distance between at least one feature vector and the classification boundary and/or a trajectory of a plurality of feature vectors relative to the classification boundary over time.11-04-2010
20110230935Rechargeable Stimulation Lead, System, and Method - Implantable electrical stimulation leads, method, and system are provided. Components of the system include a hermetically sealed integrated circuit controller, two or more hermetically sealed individually addressable satellite electrode structures and an inductive power source. The lead includes a housing, a conductor positioned within the housing, addressable stimulation units secured within the housing, wherein each stimulation unit includes a hermetically sealed integrated circuit, and a plurality of electrodes each electrically isolated from the other.09-22-2011
20110238135Method for a Controlled Shutdown of an Implantable Medical Device - An improved implantable pulse generator (IPG) containing graceful shutdown circuitry is disclosed. A magnet sensor senses the presence of an emergency shutdown magnet. Output of the magnet sensor is conditioned by a signal conditioning circuit. Output of the signal conditioning circuit is delayed by a delay element before being fed to a power cut-off switch, which cuts-off power to the IPG circuitry. An interrupt signal is routed from before the delay element to the IPG processor as an indicator of imminent shutdown. The processor launches shutdown routine that carries out shutdown operations such as logging the emergency shutdown event, saving and closing open files, saving data from volatile memory to non-volatile memory, etc., before the power cut-off switch is activated upon elapsing of delay provided by the delay element. The magnet sensor, signal conditioning circuit, and delay element are powered separately from the rest of the circuitry of the IPG.09-29-2011
20130150923Electrical Stimulation Device - The invention relates to an electrical stimulation device (06-13-2013
20100070001SELECTION OF NEUROSTIMULATOR PARAMETER CONFIGURATIONS USING DECISION TREES - A selection of parameter configurations for a neurostimulator using decision trees may be employed by a programming device to allow a clinician or other user to select parameter configurations, and then program an implantable neurostimulator to deliver therapy using the selected parameter configurations. The programming device executes a parameter configuration search algorithm to guide the clinician in selection of parameter configurations. The search algorithm relies on a decision tree to identify optimum parameter configurations. A decision tree is useful in classifying observations in a data set based upon one or more attributes or fields within the data. The data set includes parameter configurations matched with observed ratings of efficacy on patients of a similar indication. The learned attribute, on which classification occurs, will be the optimum parameter configuration for a set of rated configurations used to produce the classification. The decision trees may be especially useful in identifying electrode configurations.03-18-2010
20100318159MINIATURE REMOTE CONTROLLER FOR IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - A miniature remote controller for an implantable medical device provides a subset of the functionality of a full-sized remote controller for the implantable medical device. The two remote controllers each have a user interface, which can be different from each other. A remote controller for an implantable medical device can have a coil for communicating with the implantable medical device, where the coil is wrapped around a coil axis parallel to a long axis of a housing of the remote controller. A user interface of the remote controller can have an indicator light to indicate success or failure of a communication with the implantable medical device and status of the implantable medical device. The housing of the remote controller can have two differently sized sections.12-16-2010
20130204327REMOTE CONTROL DATA MANAGEMENT - A remote control device communicatively coupled to an implanted stimulation device displays representations of modifications to stimulation settings of the implanted stimulation device according to setting change instructions input by a user, without the instructed change being implemented at the implanted stimulation device. The remote control includes an input component(s) for input of patient condition information correlated to settings of the implanted stimulation device. The implanted stimulation device cycles through stimulation programs without the remote control device indicating the changes and while the remote control device receives input of patient condition information.08-08-2013
20130184785Automatic On-Off Charger for an Implantable Medical Device - An external charger for an implantable medical device is disclosed which can automatically detect an implant and generate a charging field. The technique uses circuitry typically present in an external charger, such as control circuitry, a Load Shift Keying (LSK) demodulator, and a coupling detector. An algorithm in the control circuitry periodically issues charging fields of short duration in a standby mode. If the coupling detector detects the presence of a conductive material, the algorithm issues a listening window during which a charging field is generated. If an LSK reply signal is received at the LSK demodulator, the external charger can charge the implant in a normal fashion. If a movement signature is detected at the LSK demodulator indicative of a predetermined user movement of the external charger, a charging field is issued for a set timing period, to at least partially charge the IPG battery to restore LSK communications.07-18-2013
20130184786IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES STORING GRAPHICS PROCESSING DATA - In one example, a device includes a telemetry module configured to retrieve graphics processing data from a device that is not configured to perform a rendering process using the graphics processing data and that is associated with delivering therapy to a therapy target of a patient, and a control unit configured to apply the graphics processing data while performing the rendering process to generate an image of an anatomical feature of the patient, wherein the anatomical feature comprises the therapy target for an implantable medical device, and to cause a display unit of a user interface to display the image, wherein the image of the anatomical feature is specific to the patient. The graphics processing data may include a list of vertices or a transform to be applied to a non-patient-specific anatomical atlas. The data may also include a location of a therapy element of the implantable medical device.07-18-2013
20110313492VARIABLE VOLTAGE COMPLIANCE FOR CURRENT OUTPUT GENERATOR - A system for providing stimulation current in implantable medical devices is provided. One aspect of this disclosure relates to an apparatus including a power supply terminal adapted to be connected to a power supply. The apparatus embodiment also includes circuitry connected to the power supply terminal and adapted to detect a parameter dependent on tissue/electrode impedance. The apparatus embodiment further includes a current output pulse generator adapted to deliver electrical therapy. The current generator includes an adjustable compliance voltage source connected to the power supply terminal. The compliance voltage source has a programmable amplitude and is adapted to provide different potentials for different tissue/electrode interface impedances. According to various embodiments, the apparatus embodiment also includes at least one stimulating electrode, and the current generator is adapted to deliver electrical therapy using the electrode. Other aspects and embodiments are provided herein.12-22-2011
20110313491SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RF WAKE-UP OF IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE - A telemetry system is presented for enabling radio-frequency (RF) communications between an implantable medical device and an external device in a manner which reduces the power requirements of the implantable device by duty cycling its RF circuitry. A wakeup scheme for the implantable device is provided in which the external device transmits a data segment containing a repeating sequence of special wakeup characters in order to establish a communications session with the implantable device. The wakeup scheme may be designed to operate in the context of a handshaking protocol for collision avoidance.12-22-2011
20110313490Method for Controlling Telemetry in an Implantable Medical Device Based on Power Source Capacity - An implantable microstimulator configured for implantation beneath a patient's skin for tissue stimulation to prevent and/or treat various disorders, uses a self-contained power source. Periodic or occasional replenishment of the power source is accomplished, for example, by inductive coupling with an external device. A bidirectional telemetry link allows the microstimulator to provide information regarding the system's status, including the power source's charge level, and stimulation parameter states. Processing circuitry automatically controls the applied stimulation pulses to match a set of programmed stimulation parameters established for a particular patient. The microstimulator preferably has a cylindrical hermetically sealed case having a length no greater than about 27 mm and a diameter no greater than about 3.3 mm. A reference electrode is located on one end of the case and an active electrode is located on the other end. The case is externally coated on selected areas with conductive and non-conductive materials.12-22-2011
20110313489METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING COMPLEX TISSUE STIMULATION PATTERNS - The invention relates to a stimulation device for creating complex or multi-purpose tissue stimulation. Many typical stimulation devices suffer from deficiencies in providing complex stimulation patterns. Using a circuitry operable or programmable to repeat and skip stimulation settings, a complex stimulation set may be created. The repeating and skipping functionality may be implemented in hardware or software. In this manner, complex stimulations may be derived from simple circuitries. Furthermore, these stimulations may be used to treat pain, stimulate bone growth, and control motor disorders, among others.12-22-2011
20110313488AUTOMATIC NEURAL STIMULATION TITRATION SWEEP - Various neural stimulator embodiments comprise controller circuitry, neural stimulation output circuitry, sensor circuitry and a memory. The neural stimulation output circuitry is configured to deliver the neural stimulation. The controller circuitry is configured to control stimulation parameters of the neural stimulation delivered by the neural stimulation output circuitry. The sensor circuitry, including at least one sensor, is configured to sense a response to the neural stimulation. The controller is configured to communicate with the sensor circuitry. The memory has instructions stored therein, operable on by the controller circuitry. The instructions include instructions for delivering neural stimulation using the neural stimulation output circuitry, instructions for controlling a titration sweep wherein the titration sweep varies stimulation parameter values, and instructions for monitoring a response to the titration sweep and automatically selecting stimulation parameters that provide an efficacious neural stimulation and provide a desirable safety margin to prevent injury to neural tissue.12-22-2011
20110313487Clinician programmer system and method for steering volumes of activation - A system and method for selection of stimulation parameters for Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) may include a processor that displays in a display device and in relation to a displayed model of a leadwire including model electrodes, a current field corresponding to a first stimulation parameter set, provides a user interface for receipt of user input representing a shift of the current field, in response to the user input, moves, in the display device, the current field with respect to the displayed model, determines a second stimulation parameter set that results in the moved current field, and outputs the second stimulation parameter set and/or sets a stimulation device with the second stimulation parameter set, where the stimulation device is configured for performing a stimulation using the leadwire in accordance with the second stimulation parameter set.12-22-2011
20120029597GRAPHICAL CONFIGURATION OF ELECTRODES FOR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION - A device that programs a medical device includes a display and a user input device. The device displays a graphical representation of a plurality of electrodes on a medical lead implanted in the patient, and displays an active electrode template at a first position relative to the graphical representation of the electrodes. A processor of the device receives input dragging the active electrode template. In response to the input dragging the active electrode template, the processor adjusts at least one parameter of electrical stimulation delivered to the patient via the lead based on the position of the active electrode template relative to the graphical representation of the electrodes on the medical lead.02-02-2012
20120029596SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING ELECTRICAL STIMULATION SYSTEMS HAVING MULTI-LEAD-ELEMENT LEAD BODIES - A lead for providing electrical stimulation of patient tissue includes a distal lead element, at least two proximal lead elements, and a junction coupling the distal lead element to each of the at least two proximal lead elements. The distal lead element includes a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive wires coupled to the plurality of electrodes and extending along a longitudinal axis of the distal lead element. Each of the at least two proximal lead elements includes a plurality of terminals and a plurality of conductive wires coupled to the plurality of terminals and extending along a longitudinal axis of the proximal lead element. The junction includes a circuit arrangement electrically coupling each of the conductive wires of the distal lead element to at least one of the conductive wires of at least one of the at least two proximal lead elements.02-02-2012
20130197607DUAL PATIENT CONTROLLERS - Devices, systems, and methods incorporate the most-used functions of a electrical stimulator's controller into a small, thin pocket controller that is not only comfortable to carry in a pocket, but can also be attached to a key ring, lanyard, or other such carrying device for ease of daily use. A separate patient controller charger is used to charge and control the implanted medical device.08-01-2013
20120035685USER INTERFACE SYSTEM FOR USE WITH MULTIPOLAR PACING LEADS - An interactive representation of electrostimulation electrodes or vectors can be provided, such as for configuring combinations of electrostimulation electrodes. In an example, electrodes or test parameters can be presented graphically or in a table. A user interface can be configured to receive user-input designating electrode combinations or vectors for test or for use in programming an implantable or ambulatory medical device. The interface can be used to indicate suggested electrode combinations or vectors in response to a first selection of an electrode. Tests can be performed on electrode combinations and vectors, and the results of the tests can be presented to a user using the interactive representation. In an example, test results can be analyzed by a processor and optionally used to program an implantable or ambulatory medical device.02-09-2012
20120035684Multiplexed, Multi-Electrode Neurostimulation Devices with Integrated Circuits Having Integrated Electrodes - Implantable stimulation devices are provided. Aspects of the devices include a multiplexed multi-electrode component configured for neural stimulation. The multiplexed multi-electrode component includes two or more individually addressable satellite electrode structures electrically coupled to a common conductor. The satellite structures include a hermetically sealed integrated control circuit operatively coupled to one or more electrodes. Also provided are methods of manufacturing wherein the application of laser welding is avoided in forming the satellite electrode structures and an integrated control circuit thereof is thereby shielded from mechanical stress during satellite manufacture. Additionally provided are systems that include the devices of the invention, as well as methods of using the systems and devices in a variety of different applications.02-09-2012
20080312718Skin Stimulation Device and a Method and Computer Program Product for Detecting a Skin Stimulation Location - A skin stimulation device is provided with a stimulator (12-18-2008
20130096647Controlled Switching Module For A Multielectrode Lead For An Active Implantable Medical Device - A controlled switching module (04-18-2013
20130211476DATA-DRIVEN PATTERN DETECTION OF IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE DATA - Detecting patterns in sensed implantable medical device (IMC) data is described. One implementation involves an IMD that includes a data-driven pattern detection network embodied on the IMD to detect a pattern from sensed patient data. The IMD also includes one or more algorithms embodied on the IMD to utilize the pattern to effect patient therapy.08-15-2013
20130211477SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEFINING STIMULATION PROGRAMS INCLUDING BURST AND TONIC STIMULATION - In one embodiment, a method for defining a stimulation program for electrical stimulation of a patient, the method comprising: providing a single screen user interface that comprises a first plurality of controls and a second plurality of controls, the first plurality of controls allowing selection of multiple stimulation parameters for a plurality of stimulation sets, the second plurality of controls allowing selection of multiple stimulation parameters defining burst stimulation and tonic stimulation; receiving user input in one or more of the second plurality of controls; and automatically modifying parameters for one or more stimulation sets in response to receiving the user input in one or more of the second plurality of controls and modifying values displayed in one or more controls of the first plurality of controls according to the modified parameters, the modified parameters reflecting a stimulation program that includes an interleaved pattern of burst stimulation and tonic stimulation for delivery to the patient.08-15-2013
20130211478OPERATIONAL ELECTRODE IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT FOR AN IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL STIMULATOR - Controller, system and method for an implantable medical device having a plurality of electrodes, said implantable device being capable of delivering a therapeutic stimulation to a patient. An electrode interface is operatively coupled between a plurality of electrodes and a control module. The control module uses an electrode interface to obtain a plurality of measurements of impedance values for a plurality of selected pairs of individual ones of the plurality of electrodes. A user interface displays an indicia, indicative of operability of a group of at least one of said plurality of electrodes, based on a comparison of said plurality of measurements to a predetermined range, said indicia being a qualitative representation of operability of said group of at least one of said plurality of electrodes.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Control signal storage (e.g., programming)