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Stimulating respiration function

Subclass of:

607 - Surgery: light, thermal, and electrical application

607001000 - LIGHT, THERMAL, AND ELECTRICAL APPLICATION

607002000 - Electrical therapeutic systems

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Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130030496TRANSVENOUS METHOD TO INDUCE RESPIRATION - A system and method for delivering a nerve stimulation therapy determines whether a cardiac EGM signal can be sensed by a bipolar pair of electrodes selected from a number of electrodes positioned for stimulating a nerve. In response to not being able to sense a cardiac signal using the bipolar pair, stimulation of the nerve using a selected pair of the electrodes is enabled.01-31-2013
20130030497NERVE STIMULATOR FOR REDUCED MUSCLE FATIGUE - A system and associated method deliver a respiration therapy. Stimulation pulse trains are delivered to activate a first portion of a patient's diaphragm at an established intended induced respiration rate during a time interval. Stimulation pulse trains are delivered to activate a second portion of a patient's diaphragm at a second rate during the time interval, the second rate being different than the first rate.01-31-2013
20130030495METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT SUBCEREBRAL ISCHEMIA - A medical device and associated method detect ischemia using stimulation delivered to induce respiration. A spontaneous breathing response to the stimulation-induced respiration is determined. Ischemia is detected in response to the spontaneous breathing response. The spontaneous breathing response is measured as a response to adjusting a parameter controlling the stimulation.01-31-2013
20130085545Electrode Configuration for Implantable Modulator - A device according to some embodiments may include an implantable flexible carrier and a pair of electrodes located on the carrier. The electrodes may be spaced from each other by a distance greater than 3 mm, and may be configured to cause, when supplied with an electrical signal, a unidirectional electric field sufficient to modulate at least one nerve.04-04-2013
20130085544Apparatus and Method to Control an Implant - A device according to some embodiments of the present disclosure includes a housing configured to retain a battery, a primary antenna associated with the housing, and at least one processor in electrical communication with the battery and the primary antenna. In some embodiments, the at least one processor may be configured to cause transmission of a primary signal from the primary antenna to an implantable device during a treatment session of at least three hours in duration, wherein the primary signal is generated using power supplied by the battery and includes a pulse train, the pulse train including a plurality of modulation pulses.04-04-2013
20090036947Transvenous Phrenic Nerve Stimulation System - A lead system and method of use for treating breathing disorders by the transvenous stimulation of the phrenic nerve.02-05-2009
20130085540Antenna Providing Variable Communication with an Implant - A device may include a primary antenna configured to be located external to a subject and at least one processor in electrical communication with the primary antenna. The at least one processor may be configured to cause transmission of a primary signal from the primary antenna to an implantable device, wherein the implantable device includes at least one pair of modulation electrodes. The at least one processor may be further configured to adjust one or more characteristics of the primary signal to generate a sub-modulation control signal adapted so as not to cause a neuromuscular modulation inducing current at the at least one pair of modulation electrodes when received by the implantable device and to generate a modulation control signal adapted so as to cause a neuromuscular modulation inducing current at the at least one pair of modulation electrodes when received by the implantable device.04-04-2013
20130085541Devices and Methods for Delivering Energy as a Function of Condition Severity - A device for regulating energy delivery to an implanted circuit is disclosed. The device may include at least one implantable circuit and at least one pair of implantable electrodes in electrical communication with the circuit. The at least one pair of implantable electrodes may be configured to modulate at least one nerve. The at least one implantable circuit may be configured deliver a signal to the at least one pair of implantable electrodes. The signal may have at least one of a power level or a duration determined based on a severity of a detected physiologic condition.04-04-2013
20090048640Mechanical, anatomical heart-pumping assist - A method of providing mechanical assistance to the onset of heart-pumping activity includes selecting anatomical structure adjacent the heart which may be stimulated to produce in the selected anatomical structure motion which may be delivered as driving force to the heart in relation to heart-pumping activity; control-stimulating that selected anatomical structure in a pre-determined timed relationship with respect to the normal, expected, heart-pumping onset; and by such stimulating, and utilizing the selected anatomical structure, drivingly assisting the heart-pumping onset activity.02-19-2009
20110196445OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA TREATMENT DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.08-11-2011
20130030498BILATERAL PHRENIC NERVE STIMULATION WITH REDUCED DYSSYNCHRONY - A system and associated method deliver a respiration therapy. Stimulation pulses are delivered to activate a right portion of a patient's diaphragm and to activate a left portion of a patient's diaphragm. A control processor determines dyssynchrony of a respiratory response to the stimulation pulses and adjusts a stimulation control parameter controlling the delivering of the stimulation pulses in response to dyssynchrony of the respiratory response.01-31-2013
20130085546DEVICES AND METHODS FOR SLEEP APNEA TREATMENT - Devices and methods for improving the coupling between the soft palate and the genioglossus. This may be accomplished, for example, but shortening or stiffening the palatoglossal arch. Improved coupling between the soft palate and the genioglossus may be beneficial to a patient suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a stand-alone procedure, or in combination procedures and devices that cause anterior displacement of the tongue such as hypoglossal nerve stimulation, genioglossus advancement surgery, mandibular advancement surgery, mandibular advancement (oral) appliances, etc.04-04-2013
20130085542Apparatus and Method for Controlling Energy Delivery as a Function of Degree of Coupling - A device for delivering energy as a function of degree coupling may include an external unit configured for location external to a body of a subject and at least one processor associated with the implant unit and configured for electrical communication with a power source. The device may further include a primary antenna associated with the at least one processor. The processor may be configured to determine a degree of coupling between the primary antenna and a secondary antenna associated with the implant unit, and regulate delivery of power to the implant unit based on the degree of coupling between the primary antenna and the secondary antenna.04-04-2013
20130085543Apparatus and Method for Extending Implant Life Using a Dual Power Scheme - A device according to some embodiments may include a housing configured for location external to a body of a subject. The device may also include at least one processor associated with the housing and configured for electrical communication with a power source, and an antenna associated with the at least one processor. The at least one processor may be configured to communicate with an implant circuit located within the body of the subject, cause the implant circuit to receive power in a first power mode and in a second power mode, wherein a first level of power delivered in the first power mode is less than a second level of power delivered in the second power mode, and wherein during a therapy period, power delivery in the first mode occurs over a total time that is greater than about 50% of the therapy period.04-04-2013
20130079842NEURAL CONTROL OF CENTRAL SLEEP APNEA - An apparatus comprises a physiologic sensing circuit and a control circuit. The physiologic sensing circuit is configured to sense an electrical respiration signal representative of respiration of a subject. The control circuit includes a respiration monitor circuit and a therapy circuit. The respiration monitor circuit is configured to extract a respiration parameter from the respiration signal and detect that a value of the respiration parameter is outside of a target value range for the respiration parameter. The therapy circuit is configured to deliver neural stimulation to the carotid sinus of the subject to stimulate respiration and to adjust respiration to maintain the value of the respiration parameter within the target value range.03-28-2013
20130079843APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR FEEDBACK-BASED NERVE MODULATION - A device according to some embodiments may include a housing configured for location external to a body of a subject. The device may also include at least one processor associated with the housing and configured to communicate with a circuit implanted in the subject within proximity to a tongue of the subject, wherein the circuit is in electrical communication with at least one electrode, receive a physiological signal from the subject via the circuit, and send a control signal to the implanted circuit in response to the physiological signal, wherein the control signal is predetermined to activate neuromuscular tissue within the tongue.03-28-2013
20100100150METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE STIMULATION - A method of treating sleep disordered breathing in a patient includes the steps of monitoring the patient for a pre-inspiratory drive signal indicative of the breathing cycle by sensing electroneurogram activity of a hypoglossal nerve of the patient; and electrically stimulating the hypoglossal nerve of the patient following each detection of the pre-inspiratory drive signal. An implantable apparatus for stimulating a hypoglossal nerve of a patient for the treatment of sleep disordered breathing includes an electrode positioned at least partially around the hypoglossal nerve with a monitoring contact and a stimulation contact and a controller operatively coupled to the monitoring contact and the stimulation contact. The monitoring contact monitors the electroneurogram activity of the hypoglossal nerve for a pre-inspiratory drive signal indicative of the onset of inspiration and sends a signal to the controller which in turn causes the stimulating electrode to electrically stimulate the hypoglossal nerve.04-22-2010
20100042179Resuscitation device and method for resuscitation - The invention relates to a resuscitation device for humans. The resuscitation device is designed to provide resuscitating stimulation of the respiratory area of the human brain stem, preferably from a location distant from said respiratory area. The invention further relates to a method for providing a rescuscitating treatment to a human. Parameters are measured by a number of sensor means and processed by a processing means for providing a response by a number of stimulation means. The stimulation means are electrical, mechanical or chemical stimulation means.02-18-2010
20100131028REMOTE SLEEP QUALITY DETECTING SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF - A remote sleep quality detecting system and its method provide a portable detecting device for detecting an examinee's physical activity while the examinee is sleeping, analyzing a detected activity signal by a signal processing module to generate a statistical value, and comparing a result of the computed statistical value with a sleep state index to obtain sleep quality information, and then storing the activity signal and the sleep quality information in a storage unit. The system and method also provide a remote monitoring device including a sleep information reading module for providing a user interface, connecting the portable detecting device via the Internet and receiving the sleep quality information produced by the portable detecting device after a command from the portable detecting device is received, such that the examinee's sleep quality information can be examined from a remote location for a long term without disturbing the examinee's sleep.05-27-2010
20130072999Systems and Methods for Determining a Sleep Disorder Based on Positioning of the Tongue - Devices and methods are disclosed that include an external unit comprising at least one processor. The processor may be configured to receive a signal indicative of tongue movement in a subject from an implant unit implanted in the subject, determine whether the tongue movement is representative of sleep disordered breathing, generate a modulation control signal to correct the sleep disordered breathing when the at least one processor determines an occurrence of sleep disordered breathing.03-21-2013
20130165989System and Method to Modulate Phrenic Nerve to Prevent Sleep Apnea - An implantable medical device for treating breathing disorders such as central sleep apnea wherein stimulation is provided to the phrenic never through a transvenous lead system with the stimulation beginning after inspiration to extend the duration of a breath and to hold the diaphragm in a contracted condition.06-27-2013
20100076518SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RELIEVING DYSPNEA - The present disclosure is directed generally to systems and methods for relieving dyspnea. A method in accordance with a particular embodiment includes receiving an input signal from a patient sensor, the input signal corresponding to an indication of the patient's breathing. The method can further include, based at least in part on the input signal, at least reducing the patient's sensation of dyspnea by delivering electrical stimulation to at least one electrode, the at least one electrode being positioned in signal communication with at least one of the patient's inspiratory muscles, expiratory muscles, afferent neural pathways of the inspiratory muscles, and afferent neural pathways of the expiratory muscles.03-25-2010
20120232612Methods And Apparatus For Treating Anaphylaxis Using Electrical Modulation - Methods and devices for treating anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, bronchial constriction, and/or asthma include providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve of a patient suffering from anaphylaxis to block and/or modulate nerve signals that would regulate the function of, for example, myocardial tissue, vasodilation/constriction and/or pulmonary tissue.09-13-2012
20110301664NEUROMODULATORY METHODS FOR TREATING PULMONARY DISORDERS - A method for treating asthma in a subject includes inserting a therapy delivery device into a vessel of a subject. The therapy delivery device is advanced to a point substantially adjacent an intraluminal target site of the autonomic nervous system. Next, the therapy delivery device is activated to deliver a therapy signal to the intraluminal target site to treat the asthma. The intraluminal target site is in electrical communication with nervous tissue selected from the group consisting of a spinal nerve, pre- or post-ganglionic autonomic fibers, a sympathetic chain ganglion, a thoracic sympathetic chain ganglion, a cervical ganglion, a lower cervical ganglion, an inferior cervical ganglion, an intramural ganglion, a splanchnic nerve, an esophageal plexus, a cardiac plexus, a pulmonary plexus, an anterior pulmonary plexus, a posterior pulmonary plexus, a celiac plexus, a hypogastric plexus, an inferior mesenteric ganglion, a celiac ganglion, and a superior mesenteric ganglion.12-08-2011
20120004701METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TREATING ANAPHYLAXIS USING ELECTRICAL MODULATION - Methods and devices for treating anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, bronchial constriction, and/or asthma include providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve of a patient suffering from anaphylaxis to block and/or modulate nerve signals that would regulate the function of, for example, myocardial tissue, vasodilation/constriction and/or pulmonary tissue.01-05-2012
20110288609THERAPEUTIC DIAPHRAGM STIMULATION DEVICE AND METHOD - A device and method for treating a variety of conditions, disorders or diseases with diaphragm/phrenic nerve stimulation is provided.11-24-2011
20110319958NON-INVASIVE TREATMENT OF BRONCHIAL CONSTRICTION - Devices, systems and instructing methods are disclosed for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The instructing method for treatment comprises transmitting impulses of energy non-invasively to selected nerve fibers that are responsible for smooth muscle dilation. The transmitted energy impulses, comprising magnetic and/or electrical, mechanical and/or acoustic, and optical and/or thermal energy, stimulate the selected nerve fibers.12-29-2011
20090099621RESPIRATORY STIMULATION FOR TREATING PERIODIC BREATHING - A system and method for treating and/or preventing is described for treating periodic breathing characterized by cyclical hyperventilation and hypoventilation, examples of which include Cheyne-Stokes respiration and central sleep apnea. The system could also be used in the treatment of other conditions involving an impairment of respiratory drive.04-16-2009
20110264164METHOD OF TREATING SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING - A system and method for automatically implementing a therapy for treating sleep disordered breathing.10-27-2011
20100042178Electrical stimulation treatment of bronchial constriction - Methods and devices for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma and anaphylaxis wherein the treatment includes providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve and/or the lungs of a patient suffering from bronchial constriction. 02-18-2010
20100121406NEURAL STIMULATOR TO TREAT SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING - Various aspects relate to an implantable device. Various device embodiments include at least one sensor for use in detecting sleep disordered breathing, a pulse generator adapted to deliver a first electrical signal through at least one electrode to stimulate a neural target, and a controller adapted to communicate with the at least one sensor and with the pulse generator. The controller is adapted to detect sleep disordered breathing using the at least one sensor and provide a therapy for sleep disordered breathing in response to a detected apneic event. The therapy for sleep disordered breathing is adapted to deliver the first electrical signal through the at least one electrode to induce a cough reflex to terminate the apneic event. Various embodiments stimulate a superior laryngeal nerve, various embodiments stimulate a recurrent laryngeal nerve, and various embodiments stimulate a vagus nerve. Other aspects and embodiments are provided herein.05-13-2010
20120109249MULTIMODE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING BREATHING - A device and method is provided for therapeutic stimulating, augmenting, manipulating and/or controlling breathing, in combination with stimulation of auxiliary respiratory nerves or muscles including the upper airway tract, chest wall muscles or abdominal muscles. Stimulation may be provided, for example, to augment breathing or to prevent closing of the upper airway during therapeutic stimulation. Stimulation may be also provided to the Hypoglossal nerve during exhalation.05-03-2012
20110125212HYBRID METHOD FOR MODULATING UPPER AIRWAY FUNCTION IN A SUBJECT - A hybrid method is provided for modulating upper airway function in a subject. The method includes applying first and second therapy signals to the subject to modulate at least one extrinsic laryngeal muscle and at least one intrinsic laryngeal muscle to synergistically control laryngeal motion and vocal fold movement, respectively.05-26-2011
20100125310Method and Device For the Detection, Identification and Treatment of Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea - A method and device for treating sleep apnea and sleep hypopnea by monitoring respiratory-related activity from the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve, interpreting these internal signals to detect and classify apnea events, and stimulating nerves or muscles to elicit appropriate corrective responses to adverse respiratory events.05-20-2010
20110172733APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THERAPEUTIC TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA - Provided is an implantable RFID-enabled micro-electronic neurostimulator system for treating obstructive sleep apnea, comprising an implant having a top and a bottom layer, the bottom layer serving as an attachment mechanism such that the bottom layer of the implant encompasses the hypoglossal nerve and attaches to the top layer of the implant; a printed circuit board (PCB) attached to the top layer of the implant, the PCB having a first and a second opposing sides; a neural interface attached to the second side of the PCB; a core subsystem (CSS) attached to the first side of the PCB and electrically connected to the neural interface; and a radio frequency (RF) interface attached to the first side of the PCB and electrically connected to the CSS, wherein the implant is powered and controlled by an external programmable controller.07-14-2011
20080208281Device and method for biasing and stimulating respiration - A device and method is provided for biasing lung volume by electrically stimulating tissue associated with the diaphragm or phrenic nerve at a low level.08-28-2008
20080208282Device and method for the treatment of breathing disorders and cardiac disorders - The present invention is related to an implantable medical device for treating breathing disorders and cardiac disorders by delivering stimulation energy to the phrenic nerve, hypoglossal nerves and cardiac muscle tissues.08-28-2008
20090281593Electrical Treatment Of Bronchial Constriction - Devices, systems and methods for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease wherein the treatment includes stimulating selected nerve fibers responsible for smooth muscle dilation at a selected region within a patient's neck, thereby reducing the magnitude of constriction of bronchial smooth muscle.11-12-2009
20080288015Diaphragm stimulation device and method for use with cardiovascular or heart patients - A method for treating a patient is provided where a sensed cardiac rhythm is used to adjust electrical stimulation that is used to activate a diaphragm to cause contraction. A cardiac rhythm management device in combination with a diaphragm stimulation device is also provided which includes a cardiac stimulation device configured to provide stimulation to control cardiac rhythm of a subject; and an electrical stimulation device configured to provided electrical stimulation to a subject to activate a diaphragm to increase functional residual capacity of the subject.11-20-2008
20090030477SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING POWER BASED ON IMPEDANCE DETECTION, SUCH AS CONTROLLING POWER TO TISSUE TREATMENT DEVICES - A system and method of controlling the application of energy to tissue using measurements of impedance are described. The impedance, correlated to the temperature, may be set at a desired level, such as a percentage of initial impedance. The set impedance may be a function of the initial impedance, the size and spacing of the electrodes, the size of a targeted passageway, and so on. The set impedance may then be entered into a PID algorithm or other control loop algorithm in order to extract a power to be applied to a treatment device.01-29-2009
20090187231Electrical Treatment Of Bronchial Constriction - Devices, systems and methods for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease wherein the treatment includes stimulating selected nerve fibers responsible for smooth muscle dilation at a selected region within a patient's neck, thereby reducing the magnitude of constriction of bronchial smooth muscle.07-23-2009
20130218231SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONDITIONING A DIAPHRAGM OF A PATIENT - A method of conditioning a diaphragm of a patient is provided. The method can include the steps of implanting an electrode adjacent a target site in the diaphragm of the patient and operating the electrode to deliver a sufficient amount of electrical stimulation to the target site in the diaphragm of the patient to cause the diaphragm to contract.08-22-2013
20080306570APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATING PULMONARY CONDITIONS - An apparatus for positioning at a target site and for treating a pulmonary condition in a subject includes a fluid exchange catheter for insertion into a tracheo-bronchial tree and an inflatable balloon coupled to the fluid exchange catheter. At least a portion of the inflatable balloon is for engaging a luminal wall of the tracheo-bronchial tree at the target site. The apparatus further includes an energy delivery mechanism operably coupled to the inflatable balloon. The energy delivery mechanism includes at least one energy delivery member for delivering electrical energy to the target site.12-11-2008
20110230932DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INDEPENDENTLY STIMULATING HEMIDIAPHRAGMS - A device and method for treating a subject is provided where electrical stimulation may be separately provided to each hemidiaphragm to cause diaphragm contraction. Fatigue may be avoided among other possible benefits. Each hemidiaphragm may also be stimulated with different stimulation parameters. Stimulation may be smoothly transitioned between hemidiaphragms. Such stimulation may provide an increase in functional residual capacity or other therapeutic effects.09-22-2011
20100185253RESPIRATORY MUSCLE ACTIVATION BY SPINAL CORD STIMULATION - A method of electrically stimulating the inspiratory muscles in a subject is provided. The method includes positioning one or more electrodes at one or more levels of the upper thoracic spinal cord of the subject and operating the electrode to deliver high frequency electrical stimulation to the spinal cord tracts at the level or levels. The high frequency electrical stimulation of the spinal cord results in the coordinated activation of the diaphragm, intercostal muscles, and accessory muscles in the subject to effect artificial ventilation in the subject.07-22-2010
20120197340Screening Devices and Methods for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Therapy - Devices and methods for treating obstructive sleep apnea by first performing an assessment of the patient that involves observing the patient's upper airway during a tongue protrusion maneuver. The assessment may, for example, be done using endoscopy to observe the upper airway while the patient is awake in the supine position. An adequate response of the upper airway during the tongue protrusion maneuver is indicative of likely therapeutic success with hypoglossal nerve stimulation, and may be used for making clinical decisions. The principles of the present invention may be applied to other therapeutic interventions for OSA involving the upper airway.08-02-2012
20100228315EXTERNAL DEVICE THAT CONTINUOUSLY MONITORS FOR OSDB AND DELIVERS AUDIO STIMULATION THERAPY - A physiological parameter measuring device (09-09-2010
20100217347NEUROSTIMULATION FOR THE TREATMENT OF PULMONARY DISORDERS - Uses of a neurostimulator to treat various conditions including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and allergies is described. A neurostimulator may be used to modulate neural impulses into and out of the target organs, in this case the bronchi and other airway structures. Stimulation can be used to cause airway dilation and also to inhibit airway constriction.08-26-2010
20100228317ADAPTIVE BAROREFLEX STIMULATION THERAPY FOR DISORDERED BREATHING - An approach to providing disordered breathing therapy includes delivering electrical stimulation therapy modifying a patient's baroreflex response. Disordered breathing therapy may be delivered in response to prediction or detection of disordered breathing events. Various conditions affecting the patient may be evaluated and the baroreflex therapy modified. The therapy may be modified to improve therapy efficacy, to reduce an impact to the patient and/or to mitigate therapy interactions.09-09-2010
20100228316Methods and Apparatus for Treating Anaphylaxis Using Electrical Modulation - Methods and devices for treating anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, bronchial constriction, and/or asthma include providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve of a patient suffering from anaphylaxis to block and/or modulate nerve signals that would regulate the function of, for example, myocardial tissue, vasodilation/constriction and/or pulmonary tissue.09-09-2010
20100241188Percutaneous Electrical Treatment Of Tissue - Devices, systems and methods for applying electrical impulse(s) to one or more selected nerves in or around the carotid sheath are described. An electrode assembly is introduced through a percutaneous penetration in a patient to a target location adjacent to, or in close proximity with, the carotid sheath. Once in position, one or more electrical impulses are applied through the electrode assembly to one or more selected nerves to stimulate, block or otherwise modulate the nerve(s) and acutely treat the patient's condition.09-23-2010
20120130446METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NEURAL STIMULATION WITH RESPIRATORY FEEDBACK - A neural stimulation system controls the delivery of neural stimulation using a respiratory signal as a therapy feedback input. The respiratory signal is used to increase the effectiveness of the neural stimulation, such as vagal nerve stimulation, while decreasing potentially adverse side effects in respiratory functions. In one embodiment, the neural stimulation system synchronizes the delivery of the neural stimulation pulses to the respiratory cycles using a respiratory fiducial point in the respiratory signal and a delay interval. In another embodiment, the neural stimulation system detects a respiratory disorder and, in response, adjusts the delivery of the neural stimulation pulses and/or delivers a respiratory therapy treating the detected respiratory disorder.05-24-2012
20130218230Method of Stimulating a Hypoglossal Nerve for Controlling the Position of a Patient's Tongue - A method for controlling a position of a patient's tongue includes attaching at least one electrode to the patient's Hypoglossal nerve and applying an electric signal through the electrode to at least one targeted motor efferent located within the Hypoglossal nerve to stimulate at least one muscle of the tongue. Methods may also include the use of more than one contact to target more than one motor efferent and stimulating more than one muscle. The stimulation load to maintain the position of the tongue may be shared by each muscle. The position of the patient's tongue may be controlled in order to prevent obstructive sleep apnea.08-22-2013
20100198296DEVICE AND METHOD OF NEUROMODULATION TO EFFECT A FUNCTIONALLY RESTORATIVE ADAPTION OF THE NEUROMUSCULAR SYSTEM - Described herein are methods and systems for improving or adapting a breathing pattern of a patient with disordered breathing toward a more helpful state, as well as systems and devices for adapting breathing. These methods and systems may be used for improving sleep in patients with sleep disordered breathing and a system by which to implement devices for performing these methods.08-05-2010
20080275525Method and system for regulating respiration by means of simulated action potential signals - A method to regulate respiration generally comprising generating and transmitting at least one simulated action potential signal to the body that is recognizable by the respiratory system as a modulation signal. In a preferred embodiment, the simulated action potential signal includes a positive voltage region having positive voltage (V11-06-2008
20090062882Method and apparatus for inspiratory muscle stimulation using implantable device - An inspiratory muscle stimulation system uses an implantable medical device to deliver stimulation to control diaphragmatic contractions for slower and deeper breathing, thereby conditioning and strengthening inspiratory muscles. In various embodiments, respiratory and/or cardiac performance are monitored for controlling parameters of the stimulation.03-05-2009
20100249874BAROREFLEX THERAPY FOR DISORDERED BREATHING - Devices, systems and methods are described by which the blood pressure, nervous system activity, and neurohormonal activity may be selectively and controllably reduced by activating baroreceptors. A baroreceptor activation device is positioned near a baroreceptor, preferably a baroreceptor located in the carotid sinus. A control system may be used to modulate the baroreceptor activation device. The control system may utilize an algorithm defining a stimulus regimen which promotes long term efficacy and reduces power requirements/consumption. The baroreceptor activation device may utilize electrodes to activate the baroreceptors. The electrodes may be adapted for connection to the carotid arteries at or near the carotid sinus, and may be designed to minimize extraneous tissue stimulation.09-30-2010
20110152966Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.06-23-2011
20090216293APNEA PREVENTING STIMULATION APPARATUS - An apnea preventing stimulation apparatus in which a conductive unit is attached to a mental region of a patient and electric pulses conduct from the conductive unit to the mental region of the patient to thereby apply stimulation thereto. The apparatus includes a stimulus generating means that outputs, across output terminals of the conductive unit, stimulation signals which alternately repeat, for a preset time, a conduction period during which electric pulse groups comprising plural electric pulses are generated and a pause period during which no electric pulse groups are generated. Hence, without monitoring a respiratory condition during sleep, the upper airway obstruction can be quickly prevented. Further, as the stimulation signals can be applied to the patient irrespective of presence or absence of respiration of the patient, the patient hardly awakes by sensing the stimulation signals.08-27-2009
20100131029METHOD OF TREATING OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA USING ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION - A method for treating a medical condition, such as obstructive sleep apnea, includes the step of stimulating a nerve, particularly the hypoglossal nerve, using at least one of the following techniques: (a) continuous low-level electrical stimulation; (b) electrical stimulation synchronized with a physical process, such as inspiration, without feedback from the nerve being stimulated; and (c) intermittent electrical stimulation at controlled intervals based on the patient's metabolism.05-27-2010
20110071592METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TREATING ANAPHYLAXIS USING ELECTRICAL MODULATION - Methods and devices for treating anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, bronchial constriction, and/or asthma include providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve of a patient suffering from anaphylaxis to block and/or modulate nerve signals that would regulate the function of, for example, myocardial tissue, vasodilation/constriction and/or pulmonary tissue.03-24-2011
20100312302RESPIRATORY TRIGGERED, BILATERAL LARYNGEAL STIMULATOR TO RESTORE NORMAL VENTILATION IN VOCAL FOLD PARALYSIS - A laryngeal stimulation system including a sensor for detecting an occurrence of a respiratory signal in a subject and a laryngeal stimulator adapted for coupling to a laryngeal muscle and operable to stimulate the laryngeal muscle in response to the sensor detecting the occurrence of the respiratory signal is provided. A method for laryngeal stimulation including detecting an occurrence of a respiratory signal in a subject and then stimulating a laryngeal muscle in response to detecting the occurrence of the respiratory signal is also provided.12-09-2010
20110178569STIMULATING CRANIAL NERVE TO TREAT PULMONARY DISORDER - Systems and methods to treat a pulmonary disorder are provided. A particular method includes positioning an electrode in a patient's body at a location proximate a branch of a vagus nerve. The branch of the vagus nerve includes at least one of a bronchial branch of the vagus nerve and a pulmonary plexus. The method also includes activating the electrode such that energy is delivered from the electrode to the branch of the vagus nerve so as to block intrinsic neural activity in the branch of the vagus nerve to treat the pulmonary disorder.07-21-2011
20110152965Diagnosis and Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea - A tongue location monitoring system, including, one or more position circuits that respond to transmissions from a transceiver, a transceiver that transmits to the one or more position circuits, a control circuit coupled to the transceiver: wherein the control circuit determines the location of a person's tongue based on the responses of the position circuits; and wherein either the transceiver or the position circuits are implanted in the muscle of the person's tongue or placed on the tongue, and the latter is placed outside the person's head.06-23-2011
20130158625Respiratory Rectification - A means for treating breathing disorders by stimulating respiratory muscles or nerves to entrain respiratory systems while leaving respiratory drive intact. Embodiments of the invention employ frequency analysis to determine if appropriate stimulation energy is being applied.06-20-2013
20110125213NON-INVASIVE TREATMENT OF BRONCHIAL CONSTRICTION - Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The treatment comprises transmitting impulses of energy non-invasively to selected nerve fibers that are responsible for smooth muscle dilation. The transmitted energy impulses, comprising magnetic and/or electrical, mechanical and/or acoustic, and optical and/or thermal energy, stimulate the selected nerve fibers.05-26-2011
20100228318Electrical Stimulation Treatment of Bronchial Constriction - Methods and devices for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma and anaphylaxis wherein the treatment includes providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve and/or the lungs of a patient suffering from bronchial constriction.09-09-2010
20100174341Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods of neurostimulation for treating obstructive sleep apnea.07-08-2010
20110190845PORTABLE NEGATIVE PRESSURE VENTILATION DEVICE AND METHODS AND SOFTWARE RELATED THERETO - Featured is an apparatus an apparatus including a monitoring and sensing means, an electrode patch and a control device operably coupled to each of the sensing means and the electrodes and outputs signals to the electrodes for purposes of stimulating the phrenic nerve to thereby cause breathing by natural contraction of the diaphragm. The control device is configured and arranged to initially localize the phrenic nerve with respect to a given set of electrodes that is effective, when appropriately energized, for stimulating the phrenic nerve to establish negative pressure induced respiration in the body, based on the output signal(s) from the monitoring and sensing means. After such initially localizing; the control device thereafter repetitively outputs stimulation signals via the given set of electrodes so as to thereby continuously stimulate negative pressure induced respiration. Also featured are methods related thereto.08-04-2011
20110202106OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA TREATMENT DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.08-18-2011
20110071591Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.03-24-2011
20080269832Device and method for sleep apnea management using SpO2 - The present invention relates to an anti-sleep apnea device including two electrodes and a pulse oximeter, adapted to be disposed on the user's wrist for releasing electrical pulses to an acupoint of the user, and a method of monitoring and treating sleep-apnea, whereby monitoring occurs via a pulse oximeter and treatment occurs by providing electrical stimulation to specific acupoint on the user.10-30-2008
20110060381System and Method for Conditioning a Diaphragm of a Patient - A method of conditioning a diaphragm of a patient is provided. The method can include the steps of implanting an electrode adjacent a target site in the diaphragm of the patient and operating the electrode to deliver a sufficient amount of electrical stimulation to the target site in the diaphragm of the patient to cause the diaphragm to contract.03-10-2011
20100185254ELECTRONIC CONTINUOUS OR PERIODIC AIRWAY THERAPY (ECAT) FOR SLEEP -BREATHING DISORDERS - The intra-oral electronic therapy device includes a substrate to be positioned in a patient's mouth, a rechargeable battery carried by the substrate, and at least one hamular notch tissue contact electrode extending outwardly from the substrate to contact at least one hamular notch in the patient's mouth. A controller is carried by the substrate and cooperates with the rechargeable battery and the hamular notch tissue contact electrode to provide a predetermined electrical stimulation pattern to a hamular notch in the patient's mouth. A programming interface is carried by the substrate and coupled to the controller to permit programming of the predetermined stimulation pattern therein.07-22-2010
20120010681Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.01-12-2012
20110166619EAR STIMULATOR FOR PRODUCING A STIMULATION SIGNAL TO AN EAR - An electronic stimulation system to be worn in, behind or on a human ear having a casing; a detection device to sense breathing activity from a human being and to generate a detection signal; electronics within the casing and having a controller connected to the detection device to process the detection signal and generate a control signal when the controller has determined that the human being is in a state of developing apnoea; a stimulation device to receive the control signal from the electronics and to provide stimuli to one or more points of the human ear; wherein when the electronic stimulation system is worn in, behind or on the human ear, the stimulation device is pushed against a predetermined portion of the human ear.07-07-2011
20120022609Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.01-26-2012
20090118785METHOD OF IMPROVING SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING - A diaphragm pacing stimulatory method and a system to implement the method are provided to improve respiratory function and the quality of sleep in patients whose sleep is compromised by poor respiration. The diaphragm pacing method includes adaptations that make it particularly compatible with the onset of sleep and sustaining sleep. Embodiments of the method are operated independently of breathing effort the patient may make during sleep. Patients for whom the invention is appropriate include those with a neuromuscular disease, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). System elements include an external electrical stimulator coupled to one or more implanted electrodes that stimulate diaphragm contraction. The system and method provide for a pacing of the diaphragm, improved breathing, and improved sleep. Features of improved sleep include longer sleep time, an increased amount of REM sleep, and fewer episodes of wakefulness and restlessness.05-07-2009
20110093032Systems and methods for maintaining airway patency - Systems and methods according to the present invention use an electrical pulse generator system, which may be external to or implanted in an animal body, to provide therapeutically effective electrical stimulation to maintain or improve airway patency, such as to treat sleep apnea by the stimulation of target nerve(s) or their branches using one or more leads and one or more electrodes implanted in, on, around, or near the target nerve(s). Examples of a target nerves to be stimulated to maintain or improve upper airway patency, preferably through upper airway muscle reflex activation, are the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (iSLN), the glossopharyngeal nerve, and/or the trigeminal nerve, and/or any of the trunks, branches, or divisions of such nerves.04-21-2011
20120065698ELECTRICAL STIMULATION TREATEMENT OF HYPOTENSION - The present invention includes methods and devices for treating hypotension, such as in cases of shock, including septic shock, anaphylactic shock and hypovolemia. The method includes the step of applying at least one electrical impulse to at least one selected region of a parasympathetic nervous system of the patient. The electrical impulse is sufficient to modulate one or more nerves of the parasympathetic nervous system to increase the ratio of blood pressure to heart rate and relieve the condition and/or extend the patient's life.03-15-2012
20120071946Methods And Apparatus For Treating Anaphylaxis Using Electrical Modulation - Methods and devices for treating anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, bronchial constriction, and/or asthma include providing an electrical impulse to a selected region of the vagus nerve of a patient suffering from anaphylaxis to block and/or modulate nerve signals that would regulate the function of, for example, myocardial tissue, vasodilation/constriction and/or pulmonary tissue.03-22-2012
20120158091THERAPEUTIC DIAPHRAGM STIMULATION DEVICE AND METHOD - A device and method for treating a variety of conditions, disorders or diseases with diaphragm/phrenic nerve stimulation is provided.06-21-2012
20100094376DEVICES AND METHODS FOR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF THE DIAPHRAGM AND NERVES - Medical devices, systems, and methods are provided for providing respiratory therapy by electrically stimulating the phrenic nerves and/or the thoracic diaphragm. In one embodiment, at least one electrode is deployed to a position within the patient's airway and placed in proximity to a phrenic nerve or to the diaphragm. The electrode may be attached to a controller housing including a pulse generator using one or more electrical lead or leads or may be in wireless communication with the pulse generator. The controller housing may be implanted at a position within the patient or the controller housing may reside external to the patient.04-15-2010
20120123498SLEEP APNEA TREATMENT SYSTEM - An apparatus is provided for treating obstructive sleep apnea. The apparatus has an external device containing a breathing sensor to sense activity associated with breathing of a subject, and also containing a control unit, coupled to the breathing sensor, for generating a signal in response to anatomical activity associated with breathing. The apparatus also has a sublingual implant, containing a receiver, electrodes and circuitry, which wirelessly receives a signal from the external device and applies current to a sublingual muscle site in response to the signal, in a plurality of successive periods of inspiration, even in the absence of a detection of apnea by the external device.05-17-2012
20110112601SYSTEM FOR STIMULATING A HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE FOR CONTROLLING THE POSITION OF A PATIENT'S TONGUE - A system for controlling a position of a patient's tongue includes attaching at least one electrode to the patient's Hypoglossal nerve and applying an electric signal through the electrode to at least one targeted motor efferent located within the Hypoglossal nerve to stimulate at least one muscle of the tongue. The system may also include the use of more than one contact to target more than one motor efferent and stimulating more than one muscle. The stimulation load to maintain the position of the tongue may be shared by each muscle. The position of the patient's tongue may be controlled in order to prevent obstructive sleep apnea.05-12-2011
20120130445Coordinated Use of Respiratory and Cardiac Therapies for Sleep Disordered Breathing - Methods and systems involve coordinating therapies used for treating disordered breathing. Disordered breathing therapies may include cardiac electrical stimulation therapy and external respiratory therapy as well as other therapies for treating disordered breathing in a patient. The therapies delivered to the patient may be coordinated to enhance effectiveness of the therapy, to reduce therapy interactions, to improve patient sleep, or to achieve other therapeutic goals.05-24-2012
20100204747INTRA-ORAL ELECTRONIC THERAPY DEVICES FOR TREATMENT OF SLEEP-BREATHING DISORDERS, BRUXING DISORDERS, AND TMJ DISORDERS, AND ASSOCIATED METHODS - The intra-oral electronic therapy device includes a substrate to be positioned in a patient's mouth, a rechargeable battery carried by the substrate, and at least one tissue contact electrode, e.g. a hamular notch contact electrode, extending outwardly from the substrate to contact at least one tissue area in the patient's mouth. A controller is carried by the substrate and cooperates with the rechargeable battery and the at least one tissue contact electrode to provide an electrical stimulation to the at least one tissue area in the patient's mouth. The substrate includes first and second thermoplastic layers sealing therebetween the rechargeable battery and controller.08-12-2010
20120215278DEVICES AND METHODS FOR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF THE DIAPHRAGM AND NERVES - Medical devices, systems, and methods are provided for providing respiratory therapy by electrically stimulating the phrenic nerves and/or the thoracic diaphragm. In one embodiment, at least one electrode is deployed to a position within the patient's airway and placed in proximity to a phrenic nerve or to the diaphragm. The electrode may be attached to a controller housing including a pulse generator using one or more electrical lead or leads or may be in wireless communication with the pulse generator. The controller housing may be implanted at a position within the patient or the controller housing may reside external to the patient.08-23-2012
20120232611APNEA PREVENTING STIMULATION APPARATUS - An apnea preventing stimulation apparatus having a conductive unit is attached to a mental region of a patient and electric pulses flow from the conductive unit to the mental region of the patient to thereby apply stimuli thereto. A formula is utilized to increase a rate of an output level of the amplitude in an electric pulse until a first time width elapses. Consequently, immediately after outputting stimulation signals, the amplitude of the electric pulse groups does not abruptly increase, thus enabling the patient to be hardly affected by the stimulation signals. Until just before the time reaches the end of a time width after the output start of the stimulation signal, the rate of the output level of the amplitude in the electric pulse groups does not reach 1, permitting the emotional strain on the patient to be eased.09-13-2012
20100036451TRANSVASCULAR NERVE STIMULATION APPARATUS AND METHODS - Electrode structures for transvascular nerve stimulation combine electrodes with an electrically-insulating backing layer. The backing layer increases the electrical impedance of electrical paths through blood in a lumen of a blood vessel and consequently increases the flow of electrical current through surrounding tissues. The electrode structures may be applied to stimulate nerves such as the phrenic, vagus, trigeminal, obturator or other nerves.02-11-2010
20120323292SYSTEM FOR NEURAL CONTROL OF RESPIRATION - A system, device and method for neural control of respiration are provided. One aspect of this disclosure relates to an implantable medical device for sensing and controlling respiration during incidence of central respiratory diseases. According to various embodiments, the device includes a sensing circuit to receive sensed signals representative of an incidence of a central respiratory disease. The device also includes a neural stimulator adapted to generate neural stimulation signals, and a controller to communicate with the sensing circuit and to control the neural stimulator to stimulate a desired neural target in response to the detection of the incidence of a central respiratory disease. In an embodiment, the device includes a plurality of sensors which are adapted to monitor physiological parameters to detect the incidence of a central respiratory disease and to send signals to the sensing circuit. Other aspects and embodiments are provided herein.12-20-2012
20120323293DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TREATING DISORDERS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OR HEART - A device and method are provided to treat heart failure by stimulating to cause diaphragm contraction.12-20-2012
20120089199Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods for nerve stimulation for OSA therapy.04-12-2012
20120330373SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AVOIDING ASPIRATION DURING AUTONOMIC MODULATION THERAPY - Some embodiments provide a method comprising delivering neural stimulation for a neural stimulation therapy according to a programmed schedule, detecting a swallow event, and responding to the detected swallow event by overriding the programmed schedule.12-27-2012
20120290036PHRENIC NERVE STIMULATION DURING CARDIAC REFRACTORY PERIOD - A method includes estimating a cardiac signal of a patient, estimating a length of a cardiac refractory period based in part on the cardiac signal and selectively adjusting the length of phrenic nerve electrical stimulation to be delivered to the patient based on the estimated length of the cardiac refractory period. In some examples the method includes delivering phrenic nerve stimulation for approximately the entire refractory period. The phrenic nerve stimulation may be used to treat a variety of breathing disorders.11-15-2012
20130013023ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVE CHAIN - The present invention provides a method of affecting physiological disorders by stimulating a specific location along the sympathetic nerve chain. Preferably, the present invention provides a method of affecting a variety of physiological disorders or pathological conditions by placing an electrode adjacent to or in communication with at least one ganglion along the sympathetic nerve chain and stimulating the at least one ganglion until the physiological disorder or pathological condition has been affected.01-10-2013
20120150255Adaptive Airway Treatment of Dorsal Displacement Disorders in Horses - An adaptive airway treatment system is described for treating a dorsal displacement disorder in a horse. A pacemaker processor generates a dorsal displacement disorder treatment signal as a function of at least one therapy parameter. One or more stimulation electrodes are adapted to interface with tissue of the horse for delivering the treatment signal to continuously or intermittently stimulate soft palate tissue of the horse during an entire period of increased activity of the horse or for training prior to exercise.06-14-2012
20110160794Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, Systems and Methods - Devices, systems and methods of neurostimulation for treating obstructive sleep apnea.06-30-2011
20130123878APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC FIELDS TO THE LUNG AS THERAPY FOR PULMONARY EDEMA - System and method of applying electric fields to a patient's lung(s) to reduce pulmonary edema. The system includes a first electrode and a second electrode, at least one of which is associated with the lung. The electric field can be controlled so as to modulate a level of fluid in the lung.05-16-2013
20110060380RESPIRATORY RECTIFICATION - A means for treating breathing disorders by stimulating respiratory muscles or nerves to entrain respiratory systems while leaving respiratory drive intact. Embodiments of the invention employ frequency analysis to determine if appropriate stimulation energy is being applied.03-10-2011
20080208280Equine Airway Disorders - Airway disorders in a horse are relieved by electrical stimulation of the airway tissue. Particular disorders and techniques include electrical stimulation to relieve laryngeal hemiplegia. A pacemaker processor generates an electrical treatment signal to be applied to upper airway tissue of the horse for treating the upper airway disorder. One or more stimulation electrodes interfaces with the upper airway tissue for delivering the treatment signal to the upper airway tissue.08-28-2008
20080200966Simulator For Use With a Breathing-Assist Device - Function testing of a ventilator using an EMG or other bioelectric signal representative of the breathing of the patient to control ventilation is enabled by a simulating device for use with a breathing related device for monitoring and/or controlling a patient's breathing, the simulating device including a signal generator for providing a simulated bioelectric compound signal related to the patient's breathing function, and a contact for outputting the simulated bioelectric compound signal. The simulating device can also be used for training purposes and in the development of new ventilators.08-21-2008
20110213438APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR THERAPEUTIC TREATMENT OF A PATIENT - A system used for controlling a position of a patient's tongue includes an implant having at least one electrode configured to deliver selective stimulation to particular fascicles of the Hypoglossal nerve to stimulate at least one muscle of the tongue and a controller coupled to the implant.09-01-2011
20100286746APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC FIELDS TO THE LUNG AS THERAPY FOR PULMONARY EDEMA - System and method of applying electric fields to a patient's lung(s) to reduce pulmonary edema. The system includes a first electrode and a second electrode, at least one of which is associated with the lung. The electric field can be controlled so as to modulate a level of fluid in the lung.11-11-2010
20130190836APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATING OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA - The present invention describes an apparatus, a system and a method for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. The treatment involves monitoring the position of the tongue and/or the force exerted by the tongue and electrical stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve to move the tongue into an anterior position or to maintain the tongue in an anterior position.07-25-2013
20110319959SYSTEM FOR NEURAL CONTROL OF RESPIRATION - A system, device and method for neural control of respiration are provided. One aspect of this disclosure relates to an implantable medical device for sensing and controlling respiration during incidence of central respiratory diseases. According to various embodiments, the device includes a sensing circuit to receive sensed signals representative of an incidence of a central respiratory disease. The device also includes a neural stimulator adapted to generate neural stimulation signals, and a controller to communicate with the sensing circuit and to control the neural stimulator to stimulate a desired neural target in response to the detection of the incidence of a central respiratory disease. In an embodiment, the device includes a plurality of sensors which are adapted to monitor physiological parameters to detect the incidence of a central respiratory disease and to send signals to the sensing circuit. Other aspects and embodiments are provided herein.12-29-2011
20120029591DEVICES AND METHODS FOR NON-INVASIVE CAPACITIVE ELECTRICAL STIMULATION AND THEIR USE FOR VAGUS NERVE STIMULATION ON THE NECK OF A PATIENT - A non-invasive electrical stimulation device shapes an elongated electric field of effect that can be oriented parallel to a long nerve, such as a vagus nerve in a patient's neck, producing a desired physiological response in the patient. The stimulator comprises a source of electrical power, at least one electrode and a continuous electrically conducting medium in which the electrode(s) are in contact. The stimulation device is configured to produce a peak pulse voltage that is sufficient to produce a physiologically effective electric field in the vicinity of a target nerve, but not to substantially stimulate other nerves and muscles that lie between the vicinity of the target nerve and patient's skin. Current is passed through the electrodes in bursts of preferably five sinusoidal pulses, wherein each pulse within a burst has a duration of preferably 200 microseconds, and bursts repeat at preferably at 15-50 bursts per second.02-02-2012
20130197601DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INDEPENDENTLY STIMULATING HEMIDIAPHRAGMS - A device and method for treating a subject is provided where electrical stimulation may be separately provided to each hemidiaphragm to cause diaphragm contraction. Fatigue may be avoided among other possible benefits. Each hemidiaphragm may also be stimulated with different stimulation parameters. Stimulation may be smoothly transitioned between hemidiaphragms. Such stimulation may provide an increase in functional residual capacity or other therapeutic effects.08-01-2013
20130204314Sleep Apnea Control Device - Disclosed herein are various methods, systems, an apparatuses for determining appropriate situations to treat conditions such as sleep apnea. At appropriate times, treatment can be applied such as through electrical stimulation to a person (e.g., an electrical stimulation of a person's genioglossus muscle in response to detecting that the person is undergoing an obstructive sleep apnea precursor event). In exemplary embodiments, a sensor such as a microphone and/or motion sensor can be used to provide a processor with data to facilitate a determination by the processor as to whether an electrical stimulus should be applied.08-08-2013

Patent applications in class Stimulating respiration function