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606 - Surgery

606001000 - INSTRUMENTS

606032000 - Electrical application

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
606035000 Ground electrode monitoring 34
606037000 Combined cutting-coagulation 32
606040000 Coagulation 20
606039000 Cutting 16
606036000 Depilation 4
20090125015Electrolysis Hair-Removal Device - The invention relates to an electrolysis hair-removal device comprising: a central control unit (05-14-2009
20090287208ELECTROLYTIC TISSUE TREATMENT - Disclosed are a method and a device useful for performing cosmetic or medical procedures of an in vivo portion of tissue. The method includes contacting an in vivo portion of tissue with a portion of a pad, substantially saturating the pad with a reactant, contacting the pad with a first electrode so that the first electrode is proximate to the portion of the pad proximate to the in vivo portion of tissue. The method further includes contacting the pad with a second electrode so as to provide an electrical path between the first electrode and the second electrode through the reactant, passing a DC voltage through a circuit including the first electrode, the reactant and the second electrode, thereby forming at least one of: an electrolytic effect, and an electrolytic product of the reactant, proximate to the first electrode.11-19-2009
20100114091DIRECTED CURRENT FOR HAIR REMOVAL - A device and system for applying a directed electrical current to heated hair, for at least damaging if not destroying the hair follicle with the electrical current. The current may optionally be AC or DC current. The device for hair treatment, may include a heat source; and a source of electricity for delivering a charge upon contact of the hair with the heat source. The heat source may include a filament. Further, the filament can be a wire of about 0.03 mm to about 0.2 mm in diameter and/or constructed from a nickel chrome alloy.05-06-2010
20090099562Orthotic device and method for securing the same - An orthotic device includes a frame having a first shell defining front and rear surfaces, and extending longitudinally into the anterior and posterior sides of the brace. The first shell defining an opening located on the posterior side of the brace. A tightening mechanism is mounted onto the first shell, and has a ratchet strap located along the rear surface of the first shell and a ratchet device mounted on the front surface of the first shell so as to extend partially into the opening and engage the ratchet strap. An elongate tensioning device having a first end portion is connected to the ratchet strap, and the first end portion of the tensioning device extends along the rear surface of the first shell. The tensioning device has a second end portion anchored to a portion of the frame. A channel is mounted to the rear surface of the first shell and entirely encloses at least a portion of the ratchet strap. The tensioning device is a textile-based and substantially inelastic strap.04-16-2009
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130085490External Cooling Devices And Systems For Surgical Instruments - A surgical system includes a portable surgical instrument and a sleeve. The portable surgical instrument includes an end effector assembly and a housing operably coupled to the end effector assembly. The housing includes a generator and a battery assembly coupled thereto and configured to supply energy to the end effector assembly for treating tissue. The sleeve is shaped complementarily to the housing and is removably positionable about the housing. The sleeve is configured to cool the housing and/or remove heat from the housing to inhibit overheating of the generator and/or the battery assembly.04-04-2013
20130085489SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING RENAL DENERVATION VERIFICATION - A renal denervation feedback method is described that performs a baseline measurement of renal nerve plexus electrical activity at a renal vessel; denervates at least some tissue proximate the renal vessel after performing the baseline measurement; performs a post-denervation measurement of renal nerve plexus electrical activity at the renal vessel, after the denervating; and assesses denervation of the renal vessel based on a comparison of the baseline measurement and the post-denervation measurement of renal nerve plexus electrical activity at the renal vessel.04-04-2013
20100036373Electrosurgical System Having a Sensor for Monitoring Smoke or Aerosols - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator configured to generate electrosurgical energy and a sensor. The sensor is coupled to the electrosurgical generator and senses aerosol and/or smoke generated during application of the electrosurgical energy. The sensor generates data in response to the sensed aerosol and/or smoke and communicates the data to the electrosurgical generator. The electrosurgical generator generates the electrosurgical energy as a function of the data.02-11-2010
20090171341DISPERSIVE RETURN ELECTRODE AND METHODS - Apparatus and methods for safely performing electrosurgery on a patient by evenly distributing electric current density at a return electrode unit having a plurality of concentric return electrodes. In an embodiment, each electrode may be independently coupled to a passive electrical element, and each of the passive electrical elements may have a different value of capacitance, resistance or inductance, according to the configuration of the concentric return electrodes, to provide the even distribution of electric current density between the plurality of concentric return electrodes of the return electrode unit.07-02-2009
20130041369Electrosurgical Device and Methods - An electrosurgical probe with internal cooling for use in systems and methods for lesioning in bone and other tissue is disclosed. The probe includes tubular electrodes configured such that the inner surface of the lesioning electrodes are cooled, directly or indirectly, while keeping the electrodes electrically isolated. One embodiment includes an electrosurgical probe having at least two electrically isolated electrical conductors, including an inner electrical conductor and an outer electrical conductor. The inner electrical conductor defines a lumen for the circulation of a cooling fluid therein. An inner electrical insulator is disposed between the electrical conductors to electrically isolate the electrical conductors. The electrical insulator has sufficient thermal conductivity to allow for cooling of the inner and outer electrical conductors when the cooling fluid is circulating within the lumen of the inner electrical conductor. In this way, cooling of both electrodes is achieved while avoiding direct contact of the cooling fluid with one of the electrodes.02-14-2013
20130041368Apparatus and Method for Using a Remote Control System in Surgical Procedures - A system and method for using a remote control to control an electrosurgical instrument, where the remote control includes at least one momentum sensor. As the surgeon rotates their hand mimicking movements of a handheld electrosurgical instrument, the movements are translated and sent to the remote controlled (RC) electrosurgical instrument. The surgeon uses an augmented reality (AR) vision system to assist the surgeon in viewing the surgical site. Additionally, the surgeon can teach other doctors how to perform the surgery by sending haptic feedback to slave controllers. Also, the surgeon can transfer control back and forth between the master and slave controller to allow a learning surgeon to perform the surgery, but still allow the surgeon to gain control of the surgery whenever needed. Also, the surgeon could be located at a remote location and perform the surgery with the assistance of the AR vision system.02-14-2013
20080294157Electrosurgical system and an electrode assembly for an electrosurgical system - In an electrosurgical system having a generator for generating radio frequency (RF) power and an electrosurgical instrument, the instrument includes a passive electrical identification component having a parameter of finite non-zero value identifying the instrument. The generator has a sensing circuit with a second electrical component, a signal source providing a voltage step-change, and a signal detector for detecting a transient response of the combination of the identification component and the second electrical component, the detector output signal being representative of the parameter value thereby allowing automatic identification of the instrument when it is connected to the generator. Also disclosed is an electrode assembly in which the identification component is associated with a digital device including a memory, the instrument having a pair of contacts interconnected by the identification component and serving to supply power from the generator to the digital device and/or convey data from a data output of the digital device.11-27-2008
20100042093System and method for terminating treatment in impedance feedback algorithm - A system and method for performing electrosurgical procedures are disclosed. The system includes an electrosurgical generator adapted to supply energy at an output level to tissue. The electrosurgical generator includes a microprocessor adapted to generate a desired impedance trajectory having at least one slope. The target impedance trajectory includes one or more target impedance values. The microprocessor is also adapted to drive tissue impedance along the target impedance trajectory by adjusting the output level to substantially match tissue impedance to a corresponding target impedance value. The microprocessor is further adapted to compare tissue impedance to a threshold impedance value and adjust output of the electrosurgical generator when the tissue impedance is equal to or greater than the threshold impedance. The system also includes an electrosurgical instrument including at least one active electrode adapted to apply electrosurgical energy to tissue. 02-18-2010
20100042094Surgical Gas Plasma Ignition Apparatus and Method - Disclosed is an ignition system for initiating a plasma arc in an electrosurgical system. The system includes a source of high frequency electrical energy having a terminal of active potential and a terminal of return potential a base having a distal end from which a plasma arc emanates, an active electrode operatively coupled with the base and electrically in circuit with the terminal of active potential. The ignition system may have a piezoelectric device electrically coupled to the active electrode to create at least one high voltage spark when the system is initially activated. Alternately, the ignition system may include a heater or heating device of heating the active electrode and producing free electrons to assist in the initiation of the plasma arc.02-18-2010
20090157073Dual Synchro-Resonant Electrosurgical Apparatus with Bi-Directional Magnetic Coupling - An electrosurgical generator is disclosed. The generator includes an RF output stage configured to generate a sinusoidal waveform for a selected electrosurgical mode. The RF output stage includes first and second connections, the first connection including a first switching component and a first parallel inductor-capacitor resonant circuit and the second connection including a second switching component and a second parallel inductor-capacitor resonant circuit. The first parallel inductor-capacitor resonant circuit is configured to produce a first half-sinusoidal waveform and the second parallel inductor-capacitor resonant circuit is configured to produce a second half-sinusoidal waveform. The first and second switching components are in a 180 degree out-of-phase relationship and are configured to operate at a predetermined frequency based on a phase-correlated dual drive signal.06-18-2009
20090125014Thermal Ablation System - A thermal ablation system comprises a fluid handling unit receiving fluid from a fluid source at a first pressure, the fluid handling unit including a heater heating the fluid to a desired temperature and a pump and an introducer including a sheath which, when in an operative position, is received within a hollow organ, the sheath including a delivery lumen introducing fluid heated by the heater to the hollow organ and a return lumen withdrawing fluid from the hollow organ and returning the withdrawn fluid to the console via a return lumen, wherein the pump increases a pressure of the fluid between the fluid source and the delivery lumen of the introducer.05-14-2009
20090306647DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLABLE MULTI-ELECTRODE APPARATUS & METHODS - Apparatus and methods for dynamically controlling a plurality of electrodes during an electrosurgical procedure, wherein each electrode may be controlled with respect to active or return electrode mode, condition, and power level. The electrodes may be disposed within a treatment chamber of a handpiece. Each electrode may comprise a spiral inductor. The handpiece may be equipped with suction and vibration means. The treatment chamber may be configured for receiving at least a portion of the target tissue therein.12-10-2009
20090093806CATHETER WITH PRESSURE SENSING - A medical probe includes a flexible insertion tube, having a distal end for insertion into a body cavity of a patient, and a distal tip, which is disposed at the distal end of the insertion tube and is configured to be brought into contact with tissue in the body cavity. A resilient member couples the distal tip to the distal end of the insertion tube and is configured to deform in response to pressure exerted on the distal tip when the distal tip engages the tissue. A position sensor within the probe senses a position of the distal tip relative to the distal end of the insertion tube, which changes in response to deformation of the resilient member.04-09-2009
20130072926Systems and Methods for Transmural Ablation - A method of applying ablation energy to achieve transmurality including applying ablation energy at a starting power to a tissue site and monitoring the impedance of the tissue site. A power applied to the tissue site can be reduced as a function of a rate of an increase in impedance according to some embodiments.03-21-2013
20110015628ADVANCED ABLATION PLANNING - In planning an ablation procedure, a planned target volume (PTV) is imported, which is typically selected by a doctor but may be computer-identified. An ablation solution comprising a plurality of ablation volumes is generated or selected using a lookup table. Ablations sharing a common axis along a line of insertion are grouped into blocks. Alternatively, the PTV is enveloped in a sphere, and a pre-computed ablation solution (e.g., a 6- or 14-sphere solution) is identified to cover the PTV sphere. Optionally, a mathematical algorithm is executed to increase an axis through the ablation spheres to generate ellipsoidal ablation volumes that envelop the PTV.01-20-2011
20110015627IMPEDANCE MONITORING APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR ULTRASONIC SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS - In one general aspect, various embodiments are directed to a surgical instrument that can supply mechanical energy and electrical energy to an end effector of the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument comprises an ultrasonic generator module coupled to an ultrasonic drive system, which comprises an ultrasonic transducer coupled to a waveguide and an end effector coupled to the waveguide. The ultrasonic drive system is configured to resonate mechanically at a resonant frequency to generate a first ultrasonic drive signal. An electronic circuit is coupled to the ultrasonic generator module to monitor an electrical characteristic of the ultrasonic drive system. A processor is coupled to the electronic circuit to control the ultrasonic drive signal in response to the monitored electrical characteristic of the ultrasonic drive system.01-20-2011
20090036883Electrosurgical systems and printed circuit boards for use therewith - An electrosurgical system for treating tissue is disclosed. The system includes an electrosurgical generator, a printed circuit board, a generator ground and a patient ground. The printed circuit board is disposed in mechanical cooperation with the electrosurgical generator and includes a plurality of conductive layers. The generator ground includes a first portion and a second portion. The first portion is electro-mechanically connected to a conductive layer of the printed circuit board and the second portion is electro-mechanically connected to another conductive layer of the printed circuit board. The patient ground includes a portion that is at least partially interposed between the first portion of the generator ground and the second portion of the generator ground.02-05-2009
20120226272System and Methods for Identifying Tissue and Vessels - A surgical system and corresponding methods for identifying tissue or vessels and assessing their conditions includes a probing signal source for applying a probing signal to the tissue and a response signal monitor for monitoring a response signal that varies according to the level of blood circulation in the tissue or vessels. The response signal monitor monitors the response signal over an interval equal to or longer than an interval between two successive cardiac contractions. The surgical system includes a microprocessor that analyzes the amplitude and/or phase of the response signal to determine the level of blood circulation in the tissue or in different portions of the tissue, and determines a tissue parameter based upon the level of blood circulation. The surgical system may monitor a cardiac signal related to cardiac contractions and correlate the response signal and the cardiac signal to determine a level of blood circulation in the tissue.09-06-2012
20090209956ABLATION PERFORMANCE INDICATOR FOR ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - Ablation performance indicator for electrosurgical devices is described where ablation is typically characterized by the generation of a plasma discharge at the electrode assembly of an electrosurgical probe. When the electrode begins firing, the current waveform assumes a distinct appearance characterized by a spike at the leading edge of each half cycle followed by a lower level for the remaining period of the half cycle. A calculation of the waveform's Crest Factor can be used to determine the state at the electrode, e.g., whether the ablative energy is causing a desirable ablative effect on the electrode. This provides real-time measurements of the RMS and peak current amplitudes along with the Crest Factor and may also be used as limits or inputs to control algorithms or as inputs to indicate whether the device is in its ablative or non-ablative state.08-20-2009
20090012516Electrosurgical system - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator (01-08-2009
20090076496PROSTATE CANCER ABLATION - Methods and systems for delivering electrical energy and controlled, mild hyperthermia to a prostate tissue of a patient for destruction of cancerous and/or hyperplastic tissue. A method includes positioning a plurality of electrodes in a target tissue region comprising the prostate tissue, and establishing an alternating electrical current flow through a volume of the prostate tissue to induce mild heating and destruction of cancerous cells in the volume.03-19-2009
20080221563Safety Device For a Hf-Surgery Appliance - A safety device for a high-frequency surgery appliance that includes at least one high-frequency generator with an active output and a neutral output to generate a working current, and at least two working connectors. At least one instrument, through which the working current is conducted to a biological tissue, is connected to respective working connectors. The safety device reduces the danger presented by fault currents that may flow through an inactive instrument. The safety device is connected to the active output as well as to the neutral output in such a way that every working connector through which no working current is flowing is connected only to the neutral output.09-11-2008
20100268221SIGNAL DEVICE FOR ELECTROSURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, ADAPTOR FOR CONNECTING AN ELECTROSURGICAL INSTRUMENT - An electrosurgical instrument comprising an indicator device for displaying at least one piece of status information regarding a control unit. The indicator device is arranged on the electrosurgical instrument and oriented in the distal direction thereof such that, in an active state, the indicator device illuminates an operation area of the electrosurgical instrument. In use, the indicator device fulfils a dual functions. First, the indicator device provides information and second, it simplifies the medical intervention by illuminating the operation area.10-21-2010
20100324548METHODS FOR CONTROL OF ENERGY DELIVERY TO MULTIPLE ENERGY DELIVERY DEVICES - Embodiments of a system and method are described for delivering energy to a body of a human or animal through a plurality of energy delivery devices. In some embodiments, a plurality of energy delivery devices are coupled to a generator and the number of energy delivery devices is automatically detectable. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the amount of energy delivered through the energy delivery devices is controlled, at least in part, by dynamically varying the amount of time that each energy delivery device is delivering energy.12-23-2010
20110301591Specific Absorption Rate Measurement and Energy-Delivery Device Characterization Using Image Analysis - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical power generating source, an energy-delivery device operably associated with the electrosurgical power generating source, and a processor unit. The electrosurgical system also includes an imaging system capable of generating image data including tissue temperature information. The processor unit is disposed in operative communication with the imaging system and adapted to analyze the image data to determine a specific absorption rate around the energy-delivery device as a function of the tissue temperature information obtained from the image data.12-08-2011
20110301590Specific Absorption Rate Measurement and Energy-Delivery Device Characterization Using Image Analysis - A method of controlling output of an electrosurgical power generating source includes the steps of receiving image data including tissue temperature information of a target tissue volume, calculating a specific absorption rate as a function of the tissue temperature information from the image data, and determining one or more operating parameters associated with the electrosurgical power generating source based on the calculated specific absorption rate.12-08-2011
20120191088Apparatus and Methods for Titrating Arrhythmia Therapy Based on Spectral Mapping During Sinus Rhythm - Apparatus for curative ablation are provided to achieve the inactivation or destruction of fibrillar myocardium of the so-called AF nests. In addition, fibrillar myocardium may be identified and mapped by spectral analysis and phase study of the tissue during sinus rhythm. The procedure may be performed by transseptal puncture using only one catheter for ablation and mapping. The methods may be used to localize the application targets even during an arrhythmia.07-26-2012
20120191087Apparatus and Methods for Determining a Subject's Response to Catheter-Based Ablation Therapy Based on Spectral Mapping During Sinus Rhythm - Apparatus for curative ablation are provided to achieve the inactivation or destruction of fibrillar myocardium of the so-called AF nests. In addition, fibrillar myocardium may be identified and mapped by spectral analysis and phase study of the tissue during sinus rhythm. The procedure may be performed by transseptal puncture using only one catheter for ablation and mapping. The methods may be used to localize the application targets even during an arrhythmia.07-26-2012
20100036374Electrosurgical System Having a Sensor for Monitoring Smoke or Aerosols - An electrosurgical system includes an evacuator apparatus and a sensor. The evacuator apparatus evacuates aerosol and smoke generated during application of electrosurgical energy. The sensor is operatively coupled to the evacuator apparatus and senses the aerosol and smoke generated during application of the electrosurgical energy. The sensor generates data in response to the sensed aerosol and smoke. The sensor operatively communicates the data to the evacuator apparatus and the evacuator apparatus evacuates the aerosol and smoke as a function of the data.02-11-2010
20100100093SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLED TISSUE HEATING FOR DESTRUCTION OF CANCEROUS CELLS - Methods and systems for delivering electrical energy for controlled heating or hyperthermia to a target tissue of a patient for destruction of cancerous cells or tissue.04-22-2010
20120239024Energy-Based Ablation Completion Algorithm - An electrosurgical generator is disclosed. The generator includes sensor circuitry configured to measure voltage and current delivered to tissue and a controller configured to measure time of energy delivery to tissue and to calculate energy delivered to tissue, the controller further configured to estimate a size of an ablation volume as a function of energy delivered to tissue and time and to calculate a growth rate of the ablation volume based on the estimated size.09-20-2012
20100094276ELECTROSURGICAL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ELECTROSURGICAL APPARATUS - A high-frequency cauterization power source is an electrosurgical apparatus for joining biological tissues. The electrosurgical apparatus includes a high frequency power supply portion for supplying a high frequency power that is applied to biological tissues; a detection portion for detecting a voltage and a current of a high frequency power that is output from the high frequency power supply portion; a tissue impedance calculating portion that calculates an impedance of biological tissue based on respective values for voltage and current detected at the detection portion; and a control portion that controls so as to substantially stop supply of the high frequency power from the high frequency power supply portion based on whether or not an increase greater than or equal to a predetermined value in the impedance that is calculated at the tissue impedance calculating portion occurs two times.04-15-2010
20110172655CONTROL SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR APPLICATION OF ENERGY TO AIRWAY WALLS AND OTHER MEDIUMS - The present invention includes a system for delivering energy to an airway wall of a lung comprising an energy delivering apparatus and a PID controller having one or more variable gain factors which are rest after energy deliver has begun. The energy delivering apparatus may include a flexible elongated member and a distal expandable basket having at least one electrode for transferring energy to the airway wall and at least one temperature sensor for measuring temperature. The PID controller determines a new power set point base on an error between a preset temperature and the measured temperature. The algorithm can be P07-14-2011
20110172656SOFT GENERATOR - A high-frequency surgical generator for generating high efficiency outputs that can be operated in resonance over a wide load resistance range. The high-frequency surgical generator includes, a first stage circuit for generating high-frequency power and a second stage circuit coupled to the first state circuit. The second stage circuit includes an input and an output and a series resonant circuit located between the input and the output. The second stage circuit further includes an inductor that is switched parallel to the input and a capacitor that is switched parallel to the output.07-14-2011
20090299362ELECTRICAL ABLATION DEVICE - An electrical ablation apparatus includes a housing extending along a longitudinal axis. A first electrode and a second electrode are disposed within the housing. The electrodes are configured to connect to electrically conductive wires. The first and second electrodes are separated by a gap. The second electrode includes first and second prongs defining an opening suitable to receive tissue to be ablated therebetween. When the first and second electrodes are energized at a predetermined energy level, an electric current suitable to ablate the tissue flows across the gap and forms an electric arc between the distal end of the first electrode and the tissue. A system includes an energy source to drive the electrical ablation apparatus. A method includes introducing the electrical ablation apparatus into a patient and ablating tissue with the electric arc.12-03-2009
20100130972ELECTRICAL SKIN TREATMENT DEVICE AND METHOD - An electrical device for treating problem skin areas, including warts, has an electrode and a power source coupled to the electrode for generating an arc over a gap between a distal end of the electrode and a patient's skin when the electrode is placed in spaced proximity to the patient's skin. The power source provides electricity to the electrode with a frequency of at least 100 kHz, an open-circuit voltage of less than 2 kV05-27-2010
20080275439CARDIAC ABLATION AND ELECTRICAL INTERFACE SYSTEM AND INSTRUMENT - A system for ablating tissue and electrically interfacing with a heart including an electrosurgical instrument, an energy source, and a controller. The instrument includes a shaft maintaining first and second electrodes at a distal section. The electrodes are electrically isolated from one another. The controller controls delivery of energy from the energy source, and monitors electrical signals at the electrodes. The controller is programmed to operate in a monopolar mode and a bipolar mode. In the monopolar mode, the first and second electrodes are electrically uncoupled, and energy from the energy source is delivered to the first electrode in performing an ablation procedure. In the bipolar mode, first and second electrodes are electrically coupled and serve as opposite polarity poles to apply energy to a tissue target site, detect electrical signals at a tissue target site, or both.11-06-2008
20080249520System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads - A return pad for use with an electrosurgical system is disclosed. The return pad includes a conductive layer, a contact layer configured to engage a patient's skin and an intermediate layer disposed between the conductive layer and the contact layer. The intermediate layer is adapted to distribute energy.10-09-2008
20080281313System and Method for Laparoscopic Nerve Detection - A surgical system aids identification of nerves in a body to help prevent damage to the nerves during surgery to the body proximate the nerves. An electrode introduced to within a body cavity through a catheter is placed proximate a nerve within the body cavity by a laparoscopic or robotic device. An exploratory probe placed in the body cavity is selectively placed along a presumed pathway of the nerve to provide an electrical signal through the nerve to the electrode. An analyzer interfaced with the electrode analyzes the electrical signal received at the electrode to determine the proximity of the exploratory probe to the nerve, allowing mapping of the nerve pathway through the body cavity.11-13-2008
20120041435HIGH FREQUENCY SURGICAL GENERATOR COMPRISING AN ADDITIONAL TRANSFORMER - An HF surgical appliance comprising an HF generator having an output circuit, which contains an output transformer and has an output impedance. Output terminals, to which an HF surgical instrument can be connected, are provided, said instrument supplying a high-frequency current with a specific frequency into tissue to treat the same. An additional output circuit containing an additional transformer, which is connected between the output circuit and the output terminals to reduce the output impedance is also provided. In this way, the HF surgical appliance can be operated with a high power output even on loads having low impedance.02-16-2012
20080281314METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR TISSUE TREATMENT - Disclosed in the present application are devices for localized delivery of energy and methods of using such devices, particularly for therapeutic treatment of biological tissues. The disclosed devices may contain one or more energy delivery members. The disclosed methods may involve positioning and deploying the energy delivery members in a target site, and delivering energy through the energy delivery members.11-13-2008
20080275438Accordion style cable stand-off - A cable stand-off for use with an electrosurgical system includes an accordion body portion having a plurality of panels, and a plurality of hinges. Each panel has at least one hole formed therethrough. The holes of the plurality of panels are axially aligned with one another. The plurality of hinges couples adjacent panels to one another. In one embodiment, the hinges couple adjacent panels in a tip-to-tail fashion. The accordion body portion may be made of a flexible material. Each panels may further include at least one slot extending from a hole to an edge of the panel.11-06-2008
20120197250Electrosurgical System Having a Sensor for Monitoring Smoke or Aerosols - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator configured to generate electrosurgical energy and a sensor. The sensor is coupled to the electrosurgical generator and senses aerosol and/or smoke generated during application of the electrosurgical energy. The sensor generates data in response to the sensed aerosol and/or smoke and communicates the data to the electrosurgical generator. The electrosurgical generator generates the electrosurgical energy as a function of the data.08-02-2012
20120197249SUBCUTANEOUS ELECTRIC FIELD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHODS - Apparatus and methods for dynamically controlling electric field distribution within tissue disposed at various depths beneath the skin at a target region of a patient's body by independently controlling the electric potential of each of a plurality of electrodes in relation to the electric potential of a ground pad. By controlling electric field distribution during a procedure, a target tissue at particular depths beneath the skin can be selectively heated relative to adjacent non-target tissue. At least one of the electrodes and the ground pad may comprise a spiral inductor comprising a substantially planar spiral of electrically conductive material.08-02-2012
20090187182RF ABLATION DEVICE WITH JAM-PREVENTING ELECTRICAL COUPLING MEMBER - The inventive ablation element comprises an elongated cannula having a proximal end and a distal end. The cannula defines an internal lumen within the cannula and a cannula axis. A plurality of conductors contained within the lumen, each of the conductors has a proximal end proximate the proximal end of the cannula, and a distal end proximate the distal end of the cannula. A plurality of ablation stylets each has a proximal end and a distal end, and each coupled at the respective proximal end of the stylet to the distal end of a respective conductor, the stylets comprise a deflectable material, the conductors together with their respective stylets being mounted for axial movement. A trocar point defined proximate the distal end of the cannula. A deflection surface positioned between the trocar point and the proximal end of the cannula, the deflection surface being configured and positioned to deflect, in response to axial movement of the stylets in a direction from the proximate end of the cannula to the distal end of the cannula, at least some of the stylets laterally with respect to the cannula axis in different directions along substantially straight paths, the paths defining an ablation volume.07-23-2009
20090005771Optical Pyrometric Catheter for Tissue Temperature Monitoring During Cardiac Ablation - A system for opto-pyrometric tissue temperature monitoring in real time. The system is adapted for cardiac ablation and tissue temperature measurement, having a catheter having a tip electrode adapted for RF ablation of cardiac tissue and an optical collector whose distal end is received in an opening formed in the tip electrode to detect black body radiation from the cardiac tissue. The system includes an optical detection system in communication with the optical collector, the optical processing system processing signals representative of a wavelength of at least a portion of the black body radiation to determine a tissue temperature. The incorporation of an optical collector within a catheter tip permits real time monitoring of tissue temperature during ablation and lesion formation to prevent critical thresholds in temperature associated with events that can damage tissue, including steam pop, thrombus, char, etc.01-01-2009
20090024120Connection cable and method for activating a voltage-controlled generator - A connection cable is disclosed for controlling a voltage-controlled generator such as an electrosurgery generator from a controlling device such as a robotic surgery system. The cable includes a first connector adapted to connect to a voltage-controlled generator and a second connector adapted to connect to a controlling device. Within the cable is a voltage divider interdisposed between the first connector and the second connector. The voltage divider is configured to divide a reference voltage provided by the voltage-controlled generator into at least one control voltage which is selectable by the controlling device. The cable additionally includes a plurality of electrical wires which operatively connect the first connector, the second connector and the voltage divider. During robotic electrosurgery, said operating parameters can be actuated by a surgeon operating at the robotic surgical system console, which causes a corresponding control voltage to be switched to a control voltage input on an electrosurgery generator, which, in turn, generates a corresponding electrosurgical signal in response thereto.01-22-2009
20090054890Electrosurgical device with LED adapter - The present disclosure includes an electrosurgical instrument which further includes a housing having distal and proximal ends. The electrosurgical instrument also includes a light-emitting diode adapter having distal and proximal ends configured to selectively engage the distal end of the housing. The light-emitting diode adapter also includes at least one light-emitting diode disposed therein. The light-emitting diode is adapted to connect to an electrosurgical energy source and being selectively activatable to emit light from the adapter. The at least one electrode is configured to selectively engage the distal end of the light-emitting diode adapter and adapted to connect to the electrosurgical energy source.02-26-2009
20090054891ELECTROSURGICAL SYSTEM EMPLOYING MULTIPLE ELECTRODES AND METHOD THEREOF - A system and method for heat ablation of tissue in which energy is sequentially applied to at least two electrodes inserted into tissue. The system is comprised of a radiofrequency (RF) source for supplying RF energy, at least two electrodes configured to apply RF energy to tissue, at least one return electrode for returning the RF energy to the RF source, and a controller configured to sequentially apply the RF energy to each of the at least two electrodes. The sequential delivery of energy is determined by the measured current and voltage, the calculated impedance at each of the electrodes and the timing for each electrode. An internal load may be activated with the previously activated channel and remain on until the next channel is activated to avoid the generator from having an open circuit.02-26-2009
20090099561Coaptive tissue fusion method and apparatus with current derivative precursive energy termination control - Biological tissue is sealed or fused to occlude an opening by compressing apposite sidewall portions of the tissue and applying sufficient energy to cause the fibers of the compressed opposed sidewall portions to intertwine and fuse with one another to form a permanent seal. The energy application is controlled by detecting a precursor fusion condition while applying the energy and before sufficient energy has been applied to achieve a permanent seal. The application of energy is terminated in a time-delayed relationship to the detection of the precursor fusion condition. The precursor fusion condition is detected from derivative values of an envelope established by peak values of cycles of high-frequency current conducted through the tissue.04-16-2009
20110230876SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRANSMURAL ABLATION - A method of applying ablation energy to achieve transmurality including applying ablation energy at a starting power to a tissue site and monitoring the impedance of the tissue site. A power applied to the tissue site can be reduced as a function of a rate of an increase in impedance according to some embodiments.09-22-2011
20090093807Vasculature and lymphatic system imaging and ablation - Devices, methods, and systems related to imaging and ablation are disclosed.04-09-2009
20120078245CANNULA - A cannula subject to receiving electric charge via capacitive coupling is configured to provide an easily connectable path to remove the charge. The cannula is further configured with a flared distal end to prevent scraping contact with a surgical instrument shaft. Embodiments of the cannula may be used in surgical procedures in which the cannula does not contact the patient.03-29-2012
20080262490Minimal Device and Method for Effecting Hyperthermia Derived Anesthesia - A method and device for inducing anaesthesia in mammals by the application of RF energy to create hyperthermia derived neural anaesthesia. An RF generator drives a plurality of electrodes placed in tissue surrounding the target nerve fibre to desiccate the desired length of nerve fibre to be desiccated in a single deployment. The device allows high-speed selection/de-selection of bipolar electrode pairs or sets under continuous RF excitation. Activation of electrode pairs is adapted in response to sensed current density and temperature (by electrodes not in the current discharge activation phase) in order to create lesions of complex and well defined shape necessary for the production of hyperthermia derived neural anaesthesia.10-23-2008
20110144635System and Method for Tissue Sealing - An electrosurgical system includes an energy source adapted to supply energy to tissue. The energy source includes a microprocessor configured to execute a tissue treatment algorithm configured to control the supply of electrosurgical energy to tissue and process a configuration file including at least one parameter of the tissue treatment algorithm. The at least one parameter is adjustable to effect a tissue seal result. The microprocessor generates a target impedance trajectory based on at least one parameter of the tissue treatment algorithm and is further configured to drive tissue impedance along the target impedance trajectory by adjusting the supply of energy to tissue to substantially match tissue impedance to a corresponding target impedance value. The system also includes an electrosurgical instrument including at least one active electrode adapted to apply electrosurgical energy to tissue.06-16-2011
20090248008Electrosurgical Pencil Including Improved Controls - The present disclosure relates to electrosurgical devices having a plurality of hand-accessible variable controls. An electrosurgical device configured for connection to a source of electrosurgical energy is provided and includes a housing; an electrical circuit supported within the housing, the electrical circuit being connectable to the source of electrosurgical energy; and a controller slidably supported on the housing, wherein the controller is configured to exert a force on the electrical circuit to affect a change in the electrical circuit and to exert a force on a surface of the housing to provide a tactile feedback to a user of the electrosurgical device as the controller is moved relative to the housing.10-01-2009
20120197251APPARATUS TO DETECT AND TREAT ABERRANT MYOELECTRIC ACTIVITY - An apparatus to treat a sphincter has a support member. A sphincter electropotential mapping device includes a mapping electrode. The sphincter electropotential mapping device is coupled to the support member and configured to detect aberrant myoelectric activity of the sphincter.08-02-2012
20090259221POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS FOR OPERATION - A power supply apparatus for operation for outputting power to a surgical instrument includes an impedance detection section for detecting the impedance of the surgical instrument in the output, and an abnormality detection section for detecting an abnormality according to whether or not a variation value of the impedance per unit time exceeds a predetermined first impedance variation value. The abnormality detection section further detects an abnormality according to whether or not a variation value of a resonant frequency per unit time exceeds a predetermined threshold. The abnormality is detected in this manner, whereby it is possible to prevent the surgical instrument from being broken.10-15-2009
20090018537SURGICAL APPARATUS - A surgical apparatus has a surgical instrument to treat a diseased part of a patient. An energy supply unit supplies energy for driving the surgical instrument. A sensor obtains information about states of the surgical instrument. An energy change detector detects whether magnitude of energy supplied to the surgical instrument is changed or not. A control unit controls driving of the sensor, based on a result of detection by the energy change detector.01-15-2009
20090018536Measurement and control systems and methods for electrosurgical procedures - An energy delivery system for use in performing a medical procedure is provided. The medical procedure can employ an energy source, the energy source can be connected to an energy delivering device via a transmission line. The energy delivery system can include a measurement system, the measurement system can be configured to sample an output signal generated by the energy source. The energy delivery system includes a control system, which includes a calibration unit. The calibration unit can be configured to generate a calibration signal. The calibration signal can have a magnitude and phase, wherein the magnitude and phase is representative of the output signal and the transmission line loss information. The energy delivery system can also include a control unit, the control unit being configured to receive the calibration signal and adjust the energy source as needed.01-15-2009
20100179535Energy Delivery Algorithm Filter Pre-Loading - A method for controlling energy applied to tissue in two or more states as a function of a detected tissue property is provided. The method includes the steps of: determining an initial value of the detected tissue property, recursively processing the detected tissue property to obtain an averaged value thereof, updating the recursively processing step with the initial value of the detected tissue property and transitioning between two or more states based on a comparison of averaged values obtained by two or more recursive filters.07-15-2010
20090048593SYSTEM AND METHOD OF TREATING ABNORMAL TISSUE IN THE HUMAN ESOPHAGUS - An ablation catheter system and method of use is provided to endoscopically access portions of the human esophagus experiencing undesired growth of columnar epithelium. The ablation catheter system and method includes controlled depth of ablation features and use of either radio frequency spectrum, non-ionizing ultraviolet radiation, warm fluid or microwave radiation, which may also be accompanied by improved sensitizer agents.02-19-2009
20100179536Energy Delivery Algorithm for Medical Devices Based on Maintaining a Fixed Position on a Tissue Electrical Conductivity v. Temperature Curve - A method for controlling an electrosurgical waveform includes the initial steps of activating an electrosurgical generator and increasing power during a first sample window and determining a direction of change in a first average impedance during the first sample window. The method also includes the steps of performing a first adjustment of power in response to the direction of change in the first average impedance during a subsequent sample window and determining a direction of change in a subsequent average impedance during the subsequent sample window in response to the first adjustment of power. The method also includes performing a subsequent adjustment of power in response to the direction of change in the subsequent average impedance, wherein the subsequent adjustment of power is reverse to that of the first adjustment of power when the direction of change in the first and subsequent average impedances is the same.07-15-2010
20100217258METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING TISSUE DURING AN ELECTROSURGICAL PROCEDURE - A system for monitoring and/or controlling tissue modification during an electrosurgical procedure includes an electrosurgical apparatus connected to an electrosurgical generator and configured to grasp tissue therebetween via a pair of jaw members. The system also includes an optical system having an optical source that directs light through tissue. One or more optical detectors analyze the light transmitted through and reflected back from the tissue and a processor utilizes this information to control the delivery of electrosurgical energy from the electrosurgical generator to the tissue.08-26-2010
20100217257MEDICAL DEVICE HAVING LAMINATE-COATED BRAID ASSEMBLY - A catheter includes a braid assembly having a dual-laminate coating. The braid assembly includes a plurality of braid members interwoven to provide for interstices between the braid members, each braid member having an electrically conductive element, a flexible non-electrically-conductive polymer coating that insulates the electrically conductive element and a thermoplastic bonding adhesive coating. The braid assembly is formed between an inner polymer layer and an outer polymer layer. One or more of the braid members may be coupled to an energy delivery element.08-26-2010
20110112525System and Method for Providing Even Heat Distribution and Cooling Return Pads - A return pad for use with an electrosurgical system is disclosed. The return pad includes a conductive layer, a contact layer configured to engage a patient's skin and an intermediate layer disposed between the conductive layer and the contact layer. The intermediate layer is adapted to distribute energy.05-12-2011
20090076495Ablation catheter with sensor array and discrimination circuit to maximize variation in power density - A catheter is designed with a virtual electrode structure for creating a linear lesion. The catheter includes a sensor array that measures temperatures of adjacent tissue along the length of the virtual electrode section. The sensors in the sensor array include a conductive material that is substantially coated with an electrically and thermally insulating material. An aperture is formed in the insulating coating to expose an area of the conductive material. Leads are coupled with each sensor and are connected at their opposite, proximal ends with a discrimination circuit. The circuit processes the signals induced in the sensors to output a single temperature measurement, for example, the highest temperature, the lowest temperature, or the average temperature. The sensors also measure cardiac electrical activity and the leads are further connected to an electrocardiograph monitor to determine the efficacy of treatment. 03-19-2009
20120130365LEAD SYSTEM FOR ELECTRICAL DEVICES USED IN MEDICAL PROCEDURES - A lead system for electrical devices is disclosed that includes a first lead and a second lead, where the second lead may be in communication with a sliding member and a lead channel. The second lead translates laterally along the lead channel between a plurality of positions so as to vary the spacing between the first lead and the second lead.05-24-2012
20100211063Method and System for Programming and Controlling an Electrosurgical Generator System - A method and system are disclosed enabling configuration of a control system for an electrosurgical generator system for creating new surgical applications without changing the underlying software system. The electrosurgical generator system includes an RF stage to output at least one waveform of electrosurgical energy; a sensor module having at least one sensor to sense electrical or physical properties related to the output electrosurgical energy and generate sensor data; and at least one control module executable on at least one processor that controls at least one parameter of the output electrosurgical energy. The at least one control module includes an outer loop controller to generate a control signal in accordance with at least a first subset of the sensor data and an inner loop controller to generate a setpoint control signal and provide the setpoint control signal to the RF stage for controlling at least an amplitude of the energy output by the RF stage.08-19-2010
20100211061Optimizing RF power spatial distribution using frequency control - An electro-surgical system actively maintains an optimal heating profile at the electrode-patient contact surface under varying load resistivity, thereby reducing the risk of burns and maximizing patient comfort at a given power level. A set of temperature sensors is integrated within the electrode assembly of the electrosurgical system. The sensors are located both at the center and the edges of the electrode. The sensors are thermally coupled to the electrode-patient contact surface and have a time response that is short compared to the thermal time constraints of the tissue. Some degree of signal processing may take place at the sensor, inside the transducer assembly. As RF power is applied, a control loop monitors the temperature at the center and edges of the electrode. If the edge temperature of the electrode is high compared to its center temperature, then the control loop increases the operating frequency, effectively driving heat towards the center of the electrode. Conversely, if the edge temperature of the electrode is low compared to its center temperature, then the control loop decreases the operating frequency, effectively driving heat towards the edges of the electrode. By actively adjusting the operating frequency in this way, the control loop maintains any chosen heating profile at the electrode-patient contact surface.08-19-2010
20100211062Device for thermosurgery - An apparatus for the thermosurgical treatment of biological tissue comprises a generator (08-19-2010
20110238062Impedance Mediated Power Delivery for Electrosurgery - An adaptive algorithm monitors, inter alia, the rate of tissue impedance change during an electrosurgical procedure. Impedance levels achieved within a specific timeframe are examined to determine an impedance ramp and/or slope rate, which indicates the rate at which a target tissue is undergoing a phase or state change and, thus, indicates a desired rate of tissue processing. The level of electrosurgical energy applied to the target tissue is adjusted in real time in accordance with such rate of impedance change and/or by predetermined values. Energy is thus applied to the target tissue at levels that allow tissue phase or state change to occur in an optimum fashion, for example allowing moisture to escape from the tissue slowly, and thus avoid thermal damage. As a result, such undesired results as thermal damage and defective sealing are mitigated. Another embodiment determines impedance achieved within a specific interval and adjusts the electrosurgical energy applied to the tissue after a threshold impedance has been maintained or exceeded for a predetermined interval. A further aspect of the invention provides mitigation during processing for partial tissue coverage of device electrodes and/or for thin tissue.09-29-2011
20090318918Suction ablator - An improved electrode for electrosurgery comprises at least one orifice in the active surface of the electrode connected to a lumen in the probe of larger cross-sectional area than the area of the orifice(s), the lumen being connected to a vacuum, such that a venturi is formed extending from the one or more orifices in the active surface of the electrode to the lumen, whereby flow of fluid, ablated tissue, and other debris in the vicinity of the surgical site is accelerated through the orifice(s), reducing clogging, whereby any particle passing through the orifice(s) is unlikely to become clogged downstream, and whereby the edges of the orifice(s) are ablative, tending to reduce any particles caught at the orifice(s) to a size small enough to pass therethrough.12-24-2009
20090318917SUBCUTANEOUS ELECTRIC FIELD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHODS - Apparatus and methods for dynamically controlling electric field distribution within tissue disposed at various depths beneath the skin at a target region of a patient's body by independently controlling the electric potential of each of a plurality of electrodes in relation to the electric potential of a ground pad. By controlling electric field distribution during a procedure, a target tissue at particular depths beneath the skin can be selectively heated relative to adjacent non-target tissue. At least one of the electrodes and the ground pad may comprise a spiral inductor comprising a substantially planar spiral of electrically conductive material.12-24-2009
20090105708DUAL FREQUENCY LED/ELECTRODE SURGICAL DEVICE, KIT AND METHOD - A surgical tool device, a kit and a method are described which provide a novel dual frequency LED/electrode scheme for use in manipulating nerve and innervated structures. The surgical tool device includes a probe assembly coupled to a handle assembly. The probe assembly has a low frequency light emitting diode (LED), a high frequency LED, and a stimulator electrode. The low frequency LED is used to promote healing and the high frequency LED is to aid in promoting a microbe free surgical area. The handle assembly has a system on a chip (SOC) electrically coupled to the low frequency LED, to the high frequency LED, and to the stimulator electrode. The kit includes the unattached components of the device and may also include an detector electrode probe along with an optional monitoring system. The method includes the steps of adjoining, affixing, attaching, and obtaining.04-23-2009
20090069801System and method for transmission of combined data stream - An electrosurgical system is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical instrument configured to generate a first and second data streams and a transmission circuit configured to convert the first and second data streams into a pulsed transmission signal. The first signal property of the transmission signal is representative of the first data stream and the second signal property of the transmission signal is representative of the second data stream. The transmission circuit is further configured to process the transmission signal to decode the first signal property into the first data stream and the second signal property into the second data stream.03-12-2009
20130138098ELECTROSURGICAL RADIO FREQUENCY ENERGY TRANSMISSION MEDIUM - A system and method for transmitting electrosurgical energy from a generator to an electrosurgical instrument are provided. The electrosurgical system includes a generator adapted to generate electrosurgical energy for treating tissue. The generator includes one or more active output terminals which supply energy to the tissue. The active output terminals are operatively connected to one or more supply lines. The generator also includes one or more return output terminal which returns energy from the tissue. The return output terminals are operatively connected to at least one return line. The system also includes an electrosurgical instrument operatively connected to the one or more supply lines and one or more return electrodes operatively connected to one or more return lines. The system further includes an electrosurgical cable including one or more supply lines and one or more return lines. The one or more supply lines and one or more return lines are wound in a double helix fashion such that the electrical field along the cable is mitigated along the length thereof.05-30-2013
20110130754Hybrid Scientific Computer System for Processing Cancer Cell Signals as Medical Therapy - A hybrid scientific computer system with processor capable of recording, storing and reprogramming the natural electrical signals of cancer cells as found in tumors of humans and animals. The reprogramming process is designed to create a confounding electrical signal for retransmission into a malignant tumor to damage or shut-down the cellular internal electrical communication system. Altering the electrical charge on the glycocalyx of the outer cell membrane is also part of the treatment by application of ions. Confounding electrical signals are stored in a scientific cancer cell signal processor of the computer system. The invention causes cancer cell death as a medical treatment using ultra-low voltage and amperage encoded signals which are re-programmed from cancer cell communication signals.06-02-2011
20110087211TISSUE-PENETRATING GUIDEWIRES WITH SHAPED TIPS, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Tissue-penetrating guidewires with shaped tips, and associated systems and methods are disclosed. A patient treatment system in accordance with one embodiment of the disclosure includes a tissue-penetrating guidewire that in turn includes a flexible segment having a distal portion and a proximal portion. The flexible segment is elongated along an elongation axis. A penetrating member is positioned at the distal portion and includes at least one blade segment having a tapered outer peripheral surface and an adjacent generally sharp edge. The blade segment extends to a distal end of the penetrating member to form a generally blunt tip. In operation, the guidewire can be connected to an electrical current source to deliver high frequency current to the penetrating member.04-14-2011
20110087215SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - In accordance with various embodiments, methods to control electrical power provided to tissue via first and second electrodes may comprise providing a drive signal to the tissue via the first and second electrodes and modulating a power provided to the tissue via the drive signal based on a sensed tissue impedance according to a first power curve. The first power curve may define, for each of a plurality of potential sensed tissue impedances, a first corresponding power. The methods may also comprise monitoring a total energy provided to the tissue via the first and second electrodes. When the total energy reaches a first energy threshold, the methods may comprise determining whether an impedance of the tissue has reached a first impedance threshold. The methods may further comprise, conditioned upon the impedance of the tissue failing to reach the first impedance threshold, modulating the power provided to the tissue via the drive signal based on the sensed tissue impedance according to a second power curve. The second power curve may define, for each of the plurality of potential sensed tissue impedances, a second corresponding power.04-14-2011
20110087213SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - A surgical generator for providing a drive signal to a surgical device may have a receptacle assembly having a receptacle body, a flange and a central protruding portion. The outer periphery of the central protruding portion may have at least one curved section and at least one linear section. Additionally, a surgical instrument may comprise an electrical connector assembly having a flange. The flange may comprise at least one curved section and at least one linear section. In some embodiments, A surgical instrument system may comprise a surgical generator, a surgical instrument comprising a connector assembly, and an adapter assembly operatively coupled to the receptacle assembly and the connector assembly.04-14-2011
20110087214SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - In accordance with various embodiments, methods for controlling electrical power provided to tissue via a surgical device may comprise providing a drive signal to a surgical device; receiving an indication of an impedance of the tissue; calculating a rate of increase of the impedance of the tissue; and modulating the drive signal to hold the rate of increase of the impedance greater than or equal to a predetermined constant.04-14-2011
20110087216SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - In accordance with various embodiments, a surgical generator for providing a drive signal to a surgical device may comprise a first transformer and a second transformer. The first transformer may comprise a first primary winding and a first secondary winding. The second transformer may comprise a second primary winding and a second secondary winding. The surgical generator may further comprise a generator circuit to generate the drive signal. The generator circuit may be electrically coupled to the first primary winding to provide the drive signal across the first primary winding. The surgical generator may also comprise a patient-side circuit electrically isolated from the generator circuit. The patient-side circuit may be electrically coupled to the first secondary winding. Further, the patient-side circuit may comprise first and second output lines to provide the drive signal to the surgical device. In addition, the surgical generator may comprise a capacitor. The capacitor and the second secondary winding may be electrically coupled in series between the first output line and ground.04-14-2011
20110087212SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - A surgical device control circuit. The control circuit may comprise a first circuit portion comprising at least one first switch. The first circuit portion may communicate with a surgical generator over a conductor pair. The control circuit may also comprise a second circuit portion comprising a data circuit element. The data circuit element may be disposed in an instrument of the surgical device and transmit or receive data. The data circuit element may implement data communications with the surgical generator over at least one conductor of the conductor pair.04-14-2011
20100063496RF ABLATION PLANNER - In planning an ablation procedure, a planned target volume (PTV) (03-11-2010
20110251607FEEDBACK SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATING INTERVENTIONAL PLANNING AND NAVIGATION - A therapy planning and image guidance and navigation for an interventional procedure are combined in one system. The system includes: a radio frequency ablation therapy planning component (10-13-2011
20110251606Surgical Instrument with Non-Contact Electrical Coupling - A surgical instrument includes a reusable base component including a handle and an electrically activatable modular component removably coupled to the base component. The modular component includes an end effector operable from the handle to treat tissue. The end effector is responsive to manipulation of the handle. A first energy storage component is disposed onboard the base component and is electrically coupled to a source of electricity. A second energy storage component is disposed onboard the modular component and is electrically insulated from the first energy storage component. The second energy storage component is arranged such that a current may be selectively induced in the modular component by delivery of electrical energy to the first energy storage component.10-13-2011
20110251605Optical Hydrology Arrays and System and Method for Monitoring Water Displacement During Treatment of Patient Tissue - A system that monitors water displacement in tissue during patient therapy includes a generator supplying electrosurgical energy to tissue, a spectrometer operably coupled to the generator, and a processor communicating with the generator and with the spectrometer having a light source for exposing tissue to light and a light sensor. The light sensor is configured to sense changes in light through tissue in response to tissue treatment and communicate the changes to the processor to determine tissue hydration levels and motility. A plurality of optical fibers may be configured in an array to communicate light between the generator and tissue. An optical temperature monitor may communicate with the processor and be coupled to an optical fiber. The optical fibers may have an optic fiber distance between adjacent optical fibers. The system may be incorporated within an electrosurgical pencil or a forceps. A corresponding method of detecting hydration is also disclosed.10-13-2011
20110152856ESTIMATION AND MAPPING OF ABLATION VOLUME - Tissue ablation systems and methods are provided, wherein a cardiac catheter incorporates a pressure detector for sensing a mechanical force against the distal tip when engaging an ablation site. Responsively to the pressure detector, a controller computes an ablation volume according to relationships between the contact pressure against the site, the power output of an ablator, and the energy application time. A monitor displays a map of the heart which includes a visual indication of the computed ablation volume. The monitor may dynamically display the progress of the ablation by varying the visual indication.06-23-2011
20110077642PLASMA APPLICATORS FOR PLASMA-SURGICAL METHODS - Electrosurgical instruments that transmit electrical energy from an electrosurgical generator via an electrode and a current path of ionized gas into biological tissue. In order to obtained a defined, low treatment depth in the target tissue, the electrosurgical instrument contains a resistive element with a predetermined impedance between the distal end of the connection line and the electrode, installed in such a way that treatment current is limited after ionizing of the gas.03-31-2011
20110071516System and Method for Controlling Electrosurgical Output - An electrosurgical generator for supplying electrosurgical energy to tissue includes sensor circuitry configured to measure a voltage phase and a current phase through tissue and a processing device configured to compare the measured voltage and current phase to generate a real power component. The electrosurgical generator also includes a controller configured to regulate output of the electrosurgical generator based on the real power component and/or a predetermined imaginary impedance of tissue.03-24-2011
20120123408LAPAROSCOPIC ELECTROSURGICAL ELECTRICAL LEAKAGE DETECTION - An electrical leakage detection method and system for use with laparoscopic electrosurgical instruments are provided. The present disclosure provides for an electrosurgical unit for providing electrosurgical energy at an active output thereof and for controlling the flow of the energy through the active output; an active electrode coupled to the active output for transmitting electrosurgical energy to a patient in an electrosurgical procedure; a first sensor disposed at a distal end of the active electrode and for outputting a first signal indicative of current measured at the distal end; a second sensor disposed at a proximal end of the active electrode and for outputting a second signal indicative of current measured at the proximal end; and a comparison circuit coupled to the first and second sensors for receiving the first and second signals and determining a difference value, the difference value being indicative of leakage current.05-17-2012
20110060329System and Method for Power Supply Noise Reduction - A method for minimizing current draw on a power source for an electrosurgical system includes the step of generating a first pulse signal from a master device to electrically cooperate with a first floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between one or more first loads and a power supply. The method also includes the step of triggering an ensuing pulse signal from a slave device based on the first pulse signal to electrically cooperate with a subsequent floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between one or more subsequent loads and the power supply.03-10-2011
20100298823Assessment of electrode coupling for tissue ablation - An electrode catheter and a method for assessing electrode-tissue contact and coupling are disclosed. An exemplary electrode catheter comprises an electrode adapted to apply electrical energy. A measurement circuit is adapted to measure impedance between the electrode and ground as the electrode approaches a target tissue. A processor determines a contact and coupling condition for the target tissue based at least in part on reactance of the impedance measured by the measurement circuit. In another exemplary embodiment, the electrode catheter determines the contact and coupling condition based at least in part on a phase angle of the impedance.11-25-2010
20110178516System and Method for Closed Loop Monitoring of Monopolar Electrosurgical Apparatus - An electrosurgical system is disclosed comprising a generator configured to electrosurgical coagulation waveforms. The generator includes a closed loop control system for controlling the electrosurgical coagulation waveforms. The closed loop control system includes a sensor configured to sense a tissue property and/or an energy property and to transmit the tissue property and/or the energy property as one or more sensor signals having an amplitude. The control system also includes a gain controller configured to process the at least one sensor signal to reduce the amplitude of the sensor signals and to obtain a signal to noise ratio of the at sensor signals within a predetermine range. A microprocessor coupled to the generator and is configured to adjust the electrosurgical coagulation waveforms as a function of the sensor signals.07-21-2011
20110125149UNIVERSAL SURGICAL FUNCTION CONTROL SYSTEM - A control system includes a selector by which a user can select any of a number of surgical devices or similar devices for use, and a processor system responsive to user actuation of a foot control or other central control by controlling the selected device. Each device has an associated intelligent adapter that communicates information relating to device with which the adapter is associated. The processor system uses the information communicated by the adapter to properly interface the associated device with the control system and its central control.05-26-2011
20110125150SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF ABLATION THERAPY - A system and method for assessing effective delivery of ablation therapy to a tissue in a body is provided. A three-dimensional anatomical map of the tissue is generated and displayed with the map defining a corresponding volume. An index is generated corresponding to a location within the volume with the index indicative of a state of ablation therapy at the location. The index may be derived from one or more factors such as the duration an ablation electrode is present at the location, the amount of energy provided, the degree of electrical coupling between an ablation electrode and the tissue at the location and temperature. A visual characteristic (e.g., color intensity) of a portion of the anatomical map corresponding to the location is then altered responsive to the index.05-26-2011
20100179537ABLATION FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION - A probe operates in conjunction with an ablation system to prevent accidental injury of the esophagus during atrial ablation procedures. A distal portion of the probe is placed into the esophagus via the nasal cavity and positioned in the region of the esophagus that is in contact with the left atrium. Regulated cooling fluid with desired temperature and pressure continuously circulates from the external source of the related device into a sac of the probe. Temperature and pressure sensors are disposed within the sac of the probe to transmit data to the external related devices of this invention. The information from the sensors within the sac of the probe can provide a safety feature to control or stop the energy delivery from the ablation energy generator (i.e., radio frequency generator) and to prevent the advancement of the lesion formation that is created by the tip of the ablation catheter in the left atrium.07-15-2010
20100179533Energy Delivery Algorithm for Medical Devices - A method for controlling energy applied to tissue as a function of at least one detected tissue property includes the initial step of applying energy to tissue. The method also includes detecting a phase transition of the tissue based on a detected rate of change in the at least one detected tissue property. The method also includes adjusting the energy applied to tissue based on the detected rate of change to control the detected phase transition.07-15-2010
20090171343PRESSURE-SENSITIVE FLEXIBLE POLYMER BIPOLAR ELECTRODE - The present invention is directed to bipolar ablation systems. A bipolar electrode system for ablation therapy is disclosed, including a pressure-sensitive conducting composite layer and a pair of electrodes in electrical conductive contact or communication with the pressure-sensitive conducting composite layer. Energy (e.g., ablation energy) is delivered via the pressure-sensitive conductive composition when sufficient pressure is applied to transform the pressure-sensitive conductive composite to an electrical conductor. An electrically insulative flexible layer, which may include a passageway for a fill material is also disclosed. In some embodiments, the systems can also be used for targeted delivery of compounds, such as drugs, using a bipolar electrode.07-02-2009
20090171342METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USING COMMON SUBCHANNEL TO ASSESS THE OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSDUCERS - A system and method for using a common subchannel to assess operating characteristics of one of a plurality of transducers that are coupled to said subchannel is disclosed. The plurality of transducers are divided into subsets and each subset is coupled to a subchannel. The system is configured to activate a selected transducer on the subchannel and the subchannel delivers operational information on the activated transducer. The present invention reduces the number of subchannels required to collect information on the plurality of transducers. The present invention may utilize one or more loading conditions to take at least one measurement, which at least one measurement is then used to derive operational information on the transducer. In one configuration, information on the amount of energy being delivered to the transducer is collected simultaneously with information on the operating temperature. In another embodiment only the temperature is measured. The present invention permits a more compact ablation device to be constructed based on the invention's ability to reduce the total number of subchannels required to collect transducer information.07-02-2009
20110144636UNIVERSAL SURGICAL FUNCTION CONTROL SYSTEM - A control system includes a selector by which a user can select any of a number of surgical devices or similar devices for use and a processor system responsive to user actuation of a foot control or other central control by controlling the selected device. Each device has an associated intelligent adapter that communicates information relating to device with which the adapter is associated. The processor system uses the information communicated by the adapter to properly interface the associated device with the control system and its central control.06-16-2011
20100179534Energy Delivery Algorithm Impedance Trend Adaptation - A method for controlling an electrosurgical generator configured to apply energy to tissue as a function of a detected tissue property is contemplated by the present disclosure. The method includes the step of applying energy to the tissue in a first state, wherein the first state is configured to adjust the power output of the generator to continuously achieve peak tissue conductance as a function of the detected tissue property. The method also includes the step of monitoring a trend of the at least one detected tissue property indicative of a bubble field formation during a second state, which is running concurrently with the first state. The second state is configured to interrupt the bubble field to collapse the bubble field based on the trend of the at least one detected tissue property.07-15-2010
20120265196SURGICAL GENERATOR FOR ULTRASONIC AND ELECTROSURGICAL DEVICES - A control circuit of a surgical device is disclosed. The control circuit includes a first circuit portion coupled to at least one switch operable between an open state and a closed state. The first circuit portion communicates with a surgical generator over a conductor pair to receive a control signal to determine a state of the at least one switch.10-18-2012
20100030209CATHETER WITH PERFORATED TIP - A medical device includes an insertion tube, having a distal end for insertion into a body of a subject. A distal tip is fixed to the distal end of the insertion tube and is coupled to apply energy to tissue inside the body. The distal tip has an outer surface with a plurality of perforations through the outer surface, which are distributed circumferentially and longitudinally over the distal tip. A lumen passes through the insertion tube and is coupled to deliver a fluid to the tissue via the perforations.02-04-2010
20120150170Method and System for Controlling Output of RF Medical Generator - A system for monitoring and/or controlling tissue modification during an electrosurgical procedure is disclosed. The system includes a sensor module and a control module operatively coupled to the sensor module and configured to control the delivery of electrosurgical energy to tissue based on information provided by the sensor module. The sensor module further includes at least one optical source configured to generate light and at least one optical detector configured to analyze a portion of the light transmitted through, and/or reflected from, the tissue.06-14-2012
20110118728CONTROL OF HIGH-INTENSITY PULSED ELECTRICAL FIELDS IN SURGICAL APPLICATIONS - An eye surgery apparatus includes a HIPEF probe comprising at least two electrodes and is configured for delivery of a high-intensity pulsed electrical field to a surgical site within an eye via the electrodes. Embodiments also include a transducer configured to monitor one or more surgical parameters within the eye during application of the high-intensity pulsed electrical field to the surgical site, a pulse generation circuit configured to generate a series of electrical pulses for application to the electrodes to create the high-intensity pulsed electrical field, and a control circuit, operatively connected to the at least one transducer and the pulse generation circuit and configured to automatically adjust one or more characteristics of the series of electrical pulses, based on the one or more monitored surgical parameters. With these apparatus, the amount of energy delivered can be limited to levels necessary for effective operation without over-exposing the vitreous.05-19-2011
20120150169IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT TO MONITOR ORGAN PERFUSION OR HEMODYNAMIC STATUS - A system and method for deliverying an ablation therapy that includes delivering the ablation therapy, delivering drive signals to establish a drive signal vector fields, determining impedance signals in response to the drive signals, determining a first impedance parameter in response to the first impedance signal and a second impedance parameter in response to the second impedance signal, determining whether there is a change in a hemodynamic status of the tissue subsequent to delivery of the ablation therapy in response to the first impedance parameter and the second impedance parameter, and adjusting delivery of the ablation therapy in response to determining whether there is a change in a hemodynamic status of the tissue.06-14-2012
20120232547ABLATION CATHETER SYSTEM WITH SAFETY FEATURES - A medical system for delivering treatment or therapy to a patient has a kill switch for interrupting the delivery. The kill switch, which can disrupt the delivery directly or can cause an error message to be generated that disrupts the delivery, can be activated by the operator or remotely. In an ablation catheter system, a kill switch mechanism immediately and abruptly terminates delivery of ablation treatment or therapy.09-13-2012
20110077641Return Electrode Temperature Prediction - The present disclosure relates to an electrosurgical generator for supplying electrosurgical energy to tissue and methods thereof. The electrosurgical generator includes sensor circuitry, a processing device, and a controller. The type of return electrode pad may be determined automatically. The sensor circuitry is configured to determine one or more characteristics of a patient and/or measure tissue temperature at a return electrode pad site. The processing device is configured to determine a maximum temperature of tissue and calculate real-time predicted temperature at the return electrode pad site. The controller is configured to regulate output of the electrosurgical generator based on one or more characteristics of a patient and the determined maximum temperature.03-31-2011
20110166566DEVICES AND METHODS FOR PERFORMING PERCUTANEOUS SURGICAL PROCEDURES - A guidewire or a catheter with a stiffness that can be varied during use inside a human body, where the guidewire or the catheter comprises a magnetorheological fluid. A guidewire comprising a proximal section, a distal section, and an intermediate section connecting the proximal section and the distal section, where the intermediate section comprises a longitudinal axis, and the distal section comprises a longitudinal axis, and where the longitudinal axis of the distal section can be coincident with the longitudinal axis of the intermediate section or can be controllably made non-coincident with the longitudinal axis of the intermediate section during use inside a human body, and the guidewire further comprises a plurality of piezoelectric cores and one or more than one piezoelectric strut.07-07-2011
20120016359Hydraulic Conductivity Monitoring to Initiate Tissue Division - A method for performing an electrosurgical procedure at a surgical site on a patient includes continually sensing electrical and physical properties proximate the surgical site that includes acquiring readings of tissue electrical impedance with respect to time at the surgical site; identifying the minima and maxima of the impedance readings with respect to time; and correlating the minima and/or the maxima of the impedance readings with hydration level and/or hydraulic conductivity in the tissue at the surgical site. The method also includes controlling the application of electrosurgical energy to the surgical site to vary energy delivery based on the step of correlating the minima and/or the maxima of the impedance readings with the hydration level/or and the hydraulic conductivity in the tissue at the surgical site. The process may be an ablation process.01-19-2012
20120022522VOLUMETRICALLY OSCILLATING PLASMA FLOWS - Volumetrically oscillating plasma flows, the volume of which controllably expands and contracts with time, are disclosed. Volumetrically oscillating plasma flows are generated by providing an energy with a power density that changes with time to the plasma-generating gas to form a plasma flow. The changes in the energy power density result in plasma flow volumetric oscillations. Volumetric oscillations with a frequency of above 20,000 Hz results in ultrasonic acoustic waves, which are known to be beneficial for various medical applications. System for providing volumetrically oscillating plasma flows and a variety of surgical non-surgical applications of such flows are also disclosed.01-26-2012
20080208184Cardiac electrosurgery - A method of accessing a pericardial cavity of a heart is disclosed, comprising delivering electrical energy to a pericardium in a manner which creates a channel substantially through a parietal pericardium and does not substantially affect myocardial tissue.08-28-2008
20120071872Systems for Treating Tissue Sites Using Electroporation - A system for treating a tissue site. At least first and second mono-polar electrodes are configured to be introduced at or near a tissue site of the patient. A voltage pulse generator is coupled to the first and second mono-polar electrodes. The voltage pulse generator is configured to apply sufficient electrical pulses between the first and second mono-polar electrodes to induce electroporation of cells in the tissue site, to create necrosis of cells of the tissue site, but insufficient to create a thermal damaging effect to a majority of the tissue site.03-22-2012
20120184951Surgical Instrument Including Inductively Coupled Accessory - A surgical instrument system includes a surgical instrument, a power supply, and an accessory. The surgical instrument has a first induction device positioned therein. The accessory is selectively operably couplable to the surgical instrument. The accessory includes a second induction device that is inductively coupled with the first induction device when the accessory is operably coupled to the surgical instrument such that the power supply provides power to the accessory.07-19-2012
20090131929RELAY DEVICE AND ULTRASONIC-SURGICAL AND ELECTROSURGICAL SYSTEM - An ultrasonic-surgical and electrosurgical system includes an ultrasonic surgical device and an electrosurgical device which supply an ultrasonic signal and a high-frequency signal, respectively, to an ultrasonic/high-frequency treatment instrument capable of performing an ultrasonic treatment and a high-frequency treatment, and a relay device which is built in one of the devices including: a switch detection unit for detecting turn-on/off of a switch unit which performs on/off control of operations of the devices; a switch element for outputting a switch signal which is used for on/off of outputs of the ultrasonic signal and the high-frequency signal to each of the devices in accordance with the detection output; and a control unit for performing on/off control of the switch signal to control at least one of an output timing and an output mode of each of the signals.05-21-2009
20100249771SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERACTIVELY PLANNING AND CONTROLLING A TREATMENT OF A PATIENT WITH A MEDICAL TREATMENT DEVICE - A system and method for interactively planning and controlling a treatment of a patient for a medical treatment device are provided. The system includes a memory; a processor coupled to the memory; and a treatment control module stored in the memory and executable by the processor. The treatment control module graphically displays in real time a continuously changing treatment region defined by the electrodes as a user moves at least one of the electrodes. This allows the user to more effectively plan and treat a target region.09-30-2010
20080228181ELECTROSURGICAL METHOD - Methods are disclosed for delivering energy to a body of a human or animal during a treatment procedure using an electrosurgical generator, a pre-set overall procedure time being defined for the treatment procedure, a ramp time being defined for a parameter to reach a pre-set threshold during the treatment procedure, the method comprising: measuring the parameter over time; and if the parameter has not substantially reached the pre-set threshold by the ramp time, setting a procedure extension time responsive to the time difference between the ramp time and the time at which the pre-set threshold was reached, and extending the overall procedure time by the procedure extension time.09-18-2008
20120316556IMAGINARY IMPEDANCE PROCESS MONITORING AND INTELLIGENT SHUT-OFF - An electrosurgical generator for supplying electrosurgical energy to tissue is disclosed. The generator includes sensor circuitry configured to measure an imaginary impedance and/or a rate of change of the imaginary impedance of tissue. The generator also includes a controller configured to regulate output of the electrosurgical generator based on the measured imaginary impedance and/or the rate of change of the imaginary impedance.12-13-2012
20120136349RENAL DENERVATION CATHETER AND METHOD USING pH ALTERATION - A catheter includes a multiplicity of leads having exposed distal elements defining an anode and a cathode positionable relative to an outer wall of a renal artery. A power supply is configured to couple to the multiplicity of leads. The power supply generates a DC current that flows between the anode and cathode to create an acidic region at the anode sufficient to cause necrosis of perivascular renal nerve tissue in the vicinity of the anode, and to create a basic region at the cathode sufficient to cause necrosis of perivascular renal nerve tissue in the vicinity of the cathode. The catheter may be configured to deliver a biocompatible electrolytic fluid to each of the cathode and anode, thereby increasing an extent of perivascular renal nerve tissue ablation in the vicinity of the cathode and anode.05-31-2012
20120136348System and Method for Adaptive RF Ablation - A medical method, device, and system are provided, including advancing an ablation element of a medical device into contact with tissue to be treated, selecting a power level of energy to ablate the tissue, delivering energy at the selected power level to the ablation element, determining whether the ablation element is in continuous contact with the tissue, and reducing the selected power level when the ablation element ceases to be in continuous contact with the tissue.05-31-2012
20120215214Cool Tip Junction - A conduit junction for use with an electrosurgical system includes a body having a lumen defined therein and at least one positioning structure. The lumen is configured to receive to receive at least a portion of a tubular structure. The tubular structure includes at least one of a conductor and a conduit of an electrosurgical system. The positioning structure is disposed in mechanical cooperation with the lumen and is adapted to position at least one of the conductor and the conduit within the body of the conduit junction. The body of the conduit junction may include a first section and a second section pivotably connected to each other. The positioning structure may include at least one rib pocket.08-23-2012
20120172866System and Method for Measuring Current of an Electrosurgical Generator - An electrosurgical generator includes an RF output stage, a DC blocking capacitor, a measuring circuit, and a sensor circuit. The RF output stage generates electrosurgical energy for application to an active electrode. The DC blocking capacitor is electrically coupled between the RF output stage and the active electrode. The measuring circuit is coupled to the DC blocking capacitor and measures the voltage across the DC blocking capacitor. The sensor circuit determines the current of the electrosurgical energy as a function of the voltage across the DC blocking capacitor.07-05-2012
20120316554HAND-HELD CAUTERY DEVICE - A disposable cautery device and related methods for making and disassembling a disposable cautery device are disclosed. In one embodiment, the disposable cautery device comprises a housing having a first end and a second end. A cautery tip extends from the housing first end, and the housing second end is configured to receive a removable power source. An actuator is provided to selectively complete an electrical connection between the cautery tip and the removable power source. The actuator is disposed within a recess formed in the housing, and the recess is at least partially circumscribed by a raised rim. A top surface of the actuator is flush with or lower than the rim to inhibit inadvertent actuation of the disposable cautery device. In some embodiments, an end cap is coupled with the second end of the housing to retain the removable power source in the housing, and removal of the end cap from the housing causes the coupling between the end cap and the housing to fracture.12-13-2012
20100049188Non-Thermal Ablation System for Treating Tissue - Systems and methods for non-thermal ablation of tissue are provided. A non-implantable minimally invasive system for treatment of tissue in a body via direct current ablation is provided including a catheter, a plurality of electrodes for deployment through the catheter, a power source for applying power to the electrodes, and a fixation element for maintaining the catheter in a treatment position during treatment of the tissue. A minimally invasive method for treating tissue in a body via direct current ablation is provided including inserting a catheter into the body such that a portion of the catheter remains outside of the body, deploying a fixation element to fix the catheter in a treatment position, deploying a plurality of electrodes through the catheter, applying power to the plurality of electrodes, using the electrodes to apply a current to the tissue, and removing the catheter from the body.02-25-2010
20100049187Electrosurgical Instrument Including a Sensor - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator, an electrosurgical instrument, an optical clarity sensor and a control component. The electrosurgical generator generates electrosurgical energy for use during electrosurgery. The electrosurgical instrument is coupled to the electrosurgical generator and treats tissue. The optical clarity sensor is coupled to the electrosurgical generator and is adapted to measure tissue with at least two optical frequencies. The control component is operatively coupled to the optical clarity sensor and receives sensor data therefrom. The control component communicates control instructions to the electrosurgical generator to control the generation of the electrosurgical energy.02-25-2010
20120253342System and Method for Transmission of Combined Data Stream - An electrosurgical system is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electro surgical instrument configured to generate a first and second data streams and a transmission circuit configured to convert the first and second data streams into a pulsed transmission signal. The first signal property of the transmission signal is representative of the first data stream and the second signal property of the transmission signal is representative of the second data stream. The transmission circuit is further configured to process the transmission signal to decode the first signal property into the first data stream and the second signal property into the second data stream.10-04-2012
20120316555System and Method for Closed Loop Monitoring of Monopolar Electrosurgical Apparatus - An electrosurgical system is disclosed comprising a generator configured to electrosurgical coagulation waveforms. The generator includes a closed loop control system for controlling the electrosurgical coagulation waveforms. The closed loop control system includes a sensor configured to sense a tissue property and/or an energy property and to transmit the tissue property and/or the energy property as one or more sensor signals having an amplitude. The control system also includes a gain controller configured to process the at least one sensor signal to reduce the amplitude of the sensor signals and to obtain a signal to noise ratio of the at sensor signals within a predetermine range. A microprocessor coupled to the generator and is configured to adjust the electrosurgical coagulation waveforms as a function of the sensor signals.12-13-2012
20120191086System and method for endoluminal and translumenal therapy - A robotic instrument system comprises a controller configured to control actuation of at least one servo motor and an elongate instrument configured to move in response to actuation of the at least one servo motor, wherein the controller controls positioning of the instrument based at least in part upon an electroanatomic model of the neural plexus adjacent the renal artery.07-26-2012
20080300589Assessment of Electrode Coupling for Tissue Ablation - An electrode catheter (12-04-2008
20080300588Automating the Ablation Procedure to Minimize the Need for Manual Intervention - Cardiac ablation is automated to require minimal user intervention, to thereby reduce X-ray exposure to staff and patients, increase patient throughput, simplify ablation and make ablation more precise. Steering between ablation points on the heart is automatic by use of a localizer system (12-04-2008
20120239025Isolated Current Sensor - An electrosurgical generator is disclosed. The generator includes an output stage configured to generate a frequency electrosurgical waveform. A bridge rectifier is coupled to the output stage and configured to pass-through the radio frequency electrosurgical waveform and to transform at least a portion of the radio frequency electrosurgical waveform into direct current. The generator also includes an isolated current sensor configured to measure amplitude of the direct current.09-20-2012
20120265194System and Method for Process Monitoring and Intelligent Shut-Off - An electrosurgical generator for supplying electrosurgical energy to tissue is disclosed. The generator includes sensor circuitry configured to measure at least one tissue or energy parameter and a controller configured to generate a plot of the at least one tissue or energy parameter including a plurality of tissue parameter values, wherein the controller is further configured to normalize the plot of the at least one tissue or energy parameter with respect to treatment volume.10-18-2012
20080294156Electrosurgical generator - An electrosurgical generator includes one or more radio frequency (RF) power sources and an output stage including at least two output lines for connection to an electrosurgical instrument. The generator includes means for measuring a parameter associated with the electrosurgical procedure, such as the impedance measured across two of the output lines. A controller controls the generator such that it delivers a first RF waveform (such as a cutting signal) or a second RF waveform (such as a coagulating signal) to the output lines, and, in a combined mode, both first and second waveforms. The controller automatically adjusts at least one aspect of one or both waveforms in the combined mode, in response to the measured parameter associated with the surgical procedure.11-27-2008
20120265195Systems and Methods for Calibrating Power Measurements in an Electrosurgical Generator - The disclosed electrosurgical systems and methods accurately determine the power actually applied to a load by using equalizers to calibrate the power measurements. The electrosurgical systems include an electro surgical generator and an electrosurgical instrument coupled to the electrosurgical generator through an electrosurgical cable. The electro surgical generator includes an electrical energy source, voltage and current detectors, equalizers that estimate the voltage and current applied to a load, and a power calculation unit that calculates estimated power based upon the estimated voltage and current. The methods of calibrating an electro surgical generator involve applying a resistive element across output terminals of the electrosurgical generator, applying a test signal to the resistive element, measuring the magnitude and phase angle of voltage and current components of the test signal within the electrosurgical generator, estimating the magnitude and phase angle of the voltage and current at the resistive element using equalizers, and determining gain correction factors and minimum phase angles for the equalizers.10-18-2012
20100234840METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETERMINING PHYSIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS FOR TREATMENT OF THE ESOPHAGUS - A method and apparatus for treating abnormal mucosa in the esophagus is disclosed, such that the depth of the treated tissue is controlled. The depth of ablation is controlled by monitoring the tissue impedance and/or the tissue temperature. A desired ablation depth is also achieved by controlling the energy density or power density, and the amount of time required for energy delivery. A method and apparatus is disclosed for measuring an inner diameter of a body lumen, where a balloon is inflated inside the body lumen at a fixed pressure.09-16-2010
20120095457CONNECTION OF A BIPOLAR ELECTROSURGICAL HAND PIECE TO A MONOPOLAR OUTPUT OF AN ELECTROSURGICAL GENERATOR - A method and apparatus for operatively connecting a bipolar electrosurgical hand piece to a monopolar output of an electrosurgical unit wherein active components simulate expected impedance characteristics of monopolar return electrodes connected to a patient.04-19-2012
20110306962Method and Device for Treatment of Conditions Aggravated by Amyloid Fibrils - A method and device for treating a condition aggravated by the presence of amyloid fibrils is disclosed. The method includes applying a plurality of ultra-short pulses to target tissue comprising amyloid fibrils. The plurality of ultra-short pulses produce an electric field in the target tissue sufficient to change a molecular structure of the amyloid fibrils without causing the death, destruction, or serious injury of healthy cells surrounding the target tissue. For example, the plurality of ultra-short pulses can be sufficient to change the molecular structure of amyloid fibrils without causing apoptosis or necrosis of surrounding cells. The ultra-short pulses can be applied using an electrode device or a wideband antenna. The ultra-short pulses can have a duration ranging from 1 ps to 10 ns, an amplitude ranging from 100 V to 1 MV, and can apply an electrical field to the target tissue ranging from 1 kV/cm to 1 MV/cm.12-15-2011
20110319884ABNORMALITY ERADICATION THROUGH RESONANCE - A medical device to eradicate abnormality is provided. In one embodiment, the medical device includes a needle and an electrode. The medical device further includes a processor to automatically determine a portion of a biological tissue is associated with an abnormality when a sample density of an immediate area surrounding the needle in the biological tissue matches a target density as determined based on one or more of a chemical composition and a pigmentation of the abnormality. The processor calculates a resonant frequency to eradicate a presence of the abnormality based on the chemical composition and/or the pigmentation of the abnormality as determined through one or more of a conductivity, a capacitance, and an inductance of the abnormality. The medical device also includes a signal source to electrically couple the needle with the electrode to form a closed circuit when the needle and electrode contact the biological tissue.12-29-2011
20120101493SURGICAL TREATMENT APPARATUS - A surgical treatment apparatus includes a receptacle which is configured to abut onto a treatment section so that a predetermined clearance is formed between an electrode section and the treatment section when a grip member is closed relative to the treatment section. The surgical treatment apparatus includes a regulating section which is provided in the grip member so that a closing-direction end located on a closing-direction side of the grip member does not protrude from the receptacle toward the closing direction, the regulating section being made of a material harder than the receptacle, and a handle unit configured to operate the grip member so that the regulating section is closed up to a position where the regulating section contacts the treatment section except when the receptacle contacts the treatment section.04-26-2012
20100168735SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING COUPLING BETWEEN AN ELECTRODE AND TISSUE - A system and method for assessing a degree of coupling between an electrode and tissue in a body is provided. Values for first and second components of a complex impedance (e.g., resistance and reactance or impedance magnitude and phase angle) between the electrode and the tissue are obtained. These values are used together with a standardization value indicative of a deviation from a reference standard by a parameter associated with at least one of the body, the electrode and another component of the system to calculate a coupling index that is indicative of a degree of coupling between the electrode and the tissue. The coupling index may be displayed to a clinician in a variety of ways to indicate the degree of coupling to the clinician. The system and method find particular application in ablation of tissue by permitting a clinician to create lesions in the tissue more effectively and safely.07-01-2010
20130023871MICROWAVE AND RF ABLATION SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD FOR DYNAMIC IMPEDANCE MATCHING - An electrosurgical system and method for performing electrosurgery is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator adapted to supply electrosurgical energy to tissue. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical instrument, such as an electrosurgical antenna, knife, forceps, suction coagulator, or vessel sealer. The disclosed system includes an impedance sensor, a controller, dynamic impedance matching network, and an electrosurgical energy generator. The dynamic impedance matching network includes a PIN diode switching array configured to selectively activate a plurality of reactive elements. The disclosed arrangement of reactive elements provides real-time impedance correction over a wide range of impedance mismatch conditions.01-24-2013
20130023873CONTROL METHODS AND DEVICES FOR ENERGY DELIVERY - Control systems and methods for delivery of energy that may include control algorithms that prevent energy delivery if a fault is detected and may provide energy delivery to produce a substantially constant temperature at a delivery site. In some embodiments, the control systems and methods may be used to control the delivery of energy, such as radiofrequency energy, to body tissue, such as lung tissue.01-24-2013
20130023870MICROWAVE AND RF ABLATION SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD FOR DYNAMIC IMPEDANCE MATCHING - An electrosurgical system and method for performing electrosurgery is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator adapted to supply electrosurgical energy to tissue. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical instrument, such as an electrosurgical antenna, knife, forceps, suction coagulator, or vessel sealer. The disclosed system includes an impedance sensor, a controller, dynamic impedance matching network, and an electrosurgical energy generator. The dynamic impedance matching network includes a PIN diode switching array configured to selectively activate a plurality of reactive elements. The disclosed arrangement of reactive elements provides real-time impedance correction over a wide range of impedance mismatch conditions.01-24-2013
20130023872Articulating Surgical Apparatus - An endoscopic instrument includes a housing having shaft extending therefrom that defines a longitudinal axis therethrough. The shaft includes an articulating section disposed thereon. The articulating section has a central annulus extending therealong and first and second pluralities of bores. The first plurality of bores configured to receive corresponding tendons therethrough and the second plurality of bores configured to receive corresponding conductive leads therethrough. An end effector assembly operatively connected to a distal end of the shaft including a pair of first and second jaw members. The corresponding conductive leads transition from a first state for enabling articulation of the shaft about the articulating section, to a second state for disabling articulation of the shaft about the articulating section.01-24-2013
20080228180Ablation system and heat preventing electrodes therefor - An ablation system comprising a source of electrical ablation energy having first, second and third power outputs it is disclosed. A first conductor is coupled to the first power output on the source of electrical energy. A second conductor is coupled to the second power output on the source of electrical energy, the source of electrical energy creates a first output ablation voltage between the first and second power outputs. The first output ablation voltage varies between a first higher average value during a first period of time and a first lower average value for a second period of time. The first lower average value is greater than or equal to zero. A third conductor is coupled to a third power output on the source of electrical energy. The source of electrical energy creates a second output ablation voltage between the first and third power outputs. The second output ablation voltage varies between a second higher average value during a third period of time and a lower average value for a fourth period of time. The lower average value is greater than or equal to zero. An ablation probe is coupled to the first conductor.09-18-2008
20110264088Electrosurgical Radio Frequency Energy Transmission Medium - A system and method for transmitting electrosurgical energy from a generator to an electrosurgical instrument are provided. The electrosurgical system includes a generator adapted to generate electro surgical energy for treating tissue. The generator includes one or more active output terminals which supply energy to the tissue. The active output terminals are operatively connected to one or more supply lines. The generator also includes one or more return output terminal which returns energy from the tissue. The return output terminals are operatively connected to at least one return line. The system also includes an electrosurgical instrument operatively connected to the one or more supply lines and one or more return electrodes operatively connected to one or more return lines. The system further includes an electrosurgical cable including one or more supply lines and one or more return lines. The one or more supply lines and one or more return lines are wound in a double helix fashion such that the electrical field along the cable is mitigated along the length thereof.10-27-2011
20080221562TISSUE TREATMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TISSUE PERFUSION USING FEEDBACK CONTROL - A system, ablation probe, and method is provided for treating tissue, e.g., tissue having tumors. The treatment system is configured to automatically deliver infusaid to tissue when needed and comprises an ablation probe having an ablative element and at least one perfusion exit port. The system further comprises an ablation source operably coupled to the ablative element, and a pump assembly operably coupled to the perfusion exit port(s). The pump assembly is configured for pumping infusaid out through the perfusion exit port(s), preferably during the ablation process. The system further comprises a feedback device configured for controlling the amount of infusaid displaced by the pump assembly based on a sensed tissue parameter, e.g., tissue temperature or tissue impedance. For example, the feedback device can comprise a sensor configured for sensing the tissue parameter, and a perfusion controller configured for controlling the pump assembly based on the sensed tissue parameter. As another example, the feedback device can comprise a perfusion valve associated with the distal end of the shaft. In this case, the perfusion valve forms the perfusion exit port, wherein the perfusion valve changes the size of the perfusion exit port based on tissue temperature.09-11-2008
20130178848SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POWER SUPPLY NOISE REDUCTION - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator, a power source configured to deliver power to at least one load connected to the generator, a master configured to generate an initial pulse, the initial pulse cooperating with a first floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one first load and the power source, and a plurality of slaves connected in series to the master, wherein a first slave is configured to generate a subsequent pulse based on the initial pulse, the subsequent pulse cooperating with a second floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one second load and the power source, the subsequent pulse configured to cause an ensuing slave to generate an additional pulse, the additional pulse cooperating with a corresponding floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one additional load and the power source.07-11-2013
20130131662Generator, Combination of a Generator and a Catheter, and Method for Providing an Electrical Pulse - The invention provides systems, methods, and apparatus for use in ablation procedures. The invention includes a generator with at least one indifferent lead and at least one catheter lead for connecting an indifferent electrode and a catheter provided with at least one electrode, a charging unit arranged to charge an amount of electrical energy and to discharge an electrical pulse of a predetermined magnitude between the two electrode leads, a power supply arranged to supply electrical energy to the charging unit, an input unit arranged for inputting an indication of the magnitude of the pulse, and a measuring unit arranged between the electrode leads for measuring at least one electrical property between the leads. Numerous additional aspects are provided.05-23-2013
20100280511ELECTROSURGICAL INSTRUMENT WITH TIME LIMIT CIRCUIT - An electrosurgical instrument includes a housing having a treatment portion attached thereto. The treatment portion is adapted to connect to an electrosurgical generator that supplies energy to the electrosurgical instrument. An activation element is included and is disposed in electrical communication with the electrosurgical generator and the treatment portion. The activation element is selectively actuatable to supply energy from the electrosurgical generator to the treatment portion. A time-out device is coupled to the housing and is configured to prevent re-use of the electrosurgical instrument after a pre-determined time limit.11-04-2010
20130158542SURGICAL SYSTEMS WITH ROBOTIC SURGICAL TOOL HAVING PLUGGABLE END-EFFECTORS - In one embodiment of the invention, a replaceable electrosurgical end effector cartridge is provided to couple to a mechanical wrist of a surgical instrument for a robotic surgical system. The replaceable electrosurgical end effector cartridge includes two pluggable end effectors and a pair of spring latches. The two end effectors are moveable end effectors having a jaw portion, an off-center portion, and a base portion in one embodiment. The replaceable electrosurgical end effector cartridge may further include a fastener to rotatably couple the end effectors together.06-20-2013
20130158541ELECTROSURGICAL APPARATUS WITH HIGH SPEED ENERGY RECOVERY - A circuit for controlling the discharging of stored energy in an electrosurgical generator includes a pulse modulator which controls an output of a power supply. At least one comparator is configured to provide an error signal to the pulse modulator based on a comparison between an output signal generated by the power supply and a feedback signal generated in response to the application of energy to tissue. A discharge circuit is configured to control the discharge of the output of the power supply to an inductive load disposed in parallel with the output of the power supply based on the comparison between the output signal and the feedback signal. The discharge circuit provides a rapid response and time rate control of the delivered electrosurgical energy by controlling the power supply and delivered RF energy in real time, based on a feedback signal generated in response to the application of energy to tissue.06-20-2013
20080200911Electrical ablation apparatus, system, and method - A surgical instrument, such as an endoscopic or laparoscopic instrument, includes an ablation device. The ablation device includes an elongate relatively flexible member having a proximal end and a distal end. The flexible member includes a working channel. A first electrode extends from the working channel at the distal end of the flexible member and is adapted to be endoscopically located in a first position relative to a tissue treatment region. A second electrode is adapted to be percutaneously located in a second position of the tissue treatment region. The first and second electrodes are adapted to couple to an electrical waveform generator and to receive an electrical waveform sufficient to ablate tissue located between the first and second electrodes.08-21-2008
20100286689METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING CANCER CELL ELECTRICAL SIGNALS FOR MEDICAL THERAPY - A scientific computer system with processor capable of recording, storing and reprogramming the natural electrical signals of cancer cells as found in tumors of humans and animals. The reprogramming process is designed to create a confounding electrical signal for retransmission into a malignant tumor to damage or shut-down the cellular internal electrical communication system. Altering the electrical charge on the glycocalyx of the outer cell membrane is also part of the treatment by application of ions. The invention causes cancer cell death as a medical treatment using ultra-low voltage and amperage encoded signals which are reprogrammed from cancer cell communication signals.11-11-2010
20100318080Circuit for Controlling Arc Energy from an Electrosurgical Generator - A circuit is disclosed which minimizes the amount of tissue vaporized during a first half (positive half cycle) of an electrosurgical current cycle and minimizes the amount of current applied to tissue during a second half (negative half cycle) of the electrosurgical current cycle to control thermal spread. The circuit is preferably provided within an electrosurgical generator which is capable of controlling the amount of energy delivered to a patient during electrosurgery on a per arc basis.12-16-2010
20120283720Combined Bipolar and Monopolar Electrosurgical Instrument and Method - An electrical switching system for use in various types of electrosurgical instruments and related tools comprises a system adapted to automatically determine which of at least two electrical current modes to deliver through an electrosurgical instrument based on a condition sensed by the electrosurgical instrument. In another embodiment, the electrical switching system comprises a generator, the generator including a first electrical distribution systems for delivering monopolar electrical energy, and a second electrical distribution system for delivering bipolar electrical energy, a controller coupled to the generator for selecting based on an input which of the first and second electrical distribution systems to activate.11-08-2012
20130123773INTEGRATIVE ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ABLATION - Cardiac tissue ablation is carried out by defining first regions containing first locations including ganglionated plexi in a heart of a living subject, and inserting a probe into the heart. The method is further carried out by detecting electrical activity in the heart via electrodes on the distal portion of the probe, defining second regions having second locations, wherein the electrical activity exhibits a dominant frequency that is higher than a predefined threshold, defining third regions having third locations, wherein the electrical activity exhibits complex fractionated atrial electrograms, constructing an electroanatomical map of the heart that defines intersections of the first regions and at least one of the second regions and the third regions, selecting ablation sites within the intersections, and ablating cardiac tissue at the ablation sites.05-16-2013
20110301589Specific Absorption Rate Measurement and Energy-Delivery Device Characterization Using Thermal Phantom and Image Analysis - A method of directing energy to tissue includes the initial step of positioning an energy applicator for delivery of energy to tissue. The energy applicator is operably associated with an electrosurgical power generating source. The method includes the steps of determining one or more operating parameters associated with the electrosurgical power generating source based on specific absorption rate data associated with the energy applicator, and transmitting energy from the electrosurgical power generating source through the energy applicator to tissue.12-08-2011
20130190751Electrosurgical Device Having a Multiplexer - An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator configured to provide electrosurgical energy to an electrosurgical device coupled thereto which, in turn, delivers electrosurgical energy to tissue. The electrosurgical device may include a plurality of sensors configured to detect one or more tissue properties and output a detected tissue property signal relating thereto. One or more multiplexers having a plurality of channels are electrically connected to each of the corresponding plurality of sensors. The multiplexer(s) may be configured to receive the detected tissue property signal from each sensor of the plurality of sensors and output at least one output signal along a signal line. The signal line is configured to connect to the electrosurgical generator to control a power output of the electrosurgical generator. A channel select algorithm is configured to automatically select channels from the plurality of channels.07-25-2013
20110319885USER INTERFACE FOR ABLATION THERAPY - The disclosure describes a user interface that may be used to control ablation therapy and monitor ablation therapy progress in systems that utilize wet electrode ablation techniques. The user interface presents a virtual electrode depth icon to a user that indicates the size of a lesion that may be created with the selected virtual electrode depth. The virtual electrode depth may be changed by the user according to the ablation therapy most appropriate for a patient, and the user may interact with the user interface to define the virtual electrode depth. In this manner, the user interface may be a touchscreen or other input device such as a mouse, pointing device, or keyboard. The user interface may also provide a thermometer icon that represents a patient temperature, a timer icon that represents a remaining time for therapy, and other representations of therapy progress.12-29-2011
20120029505Self-Leveling Electrode Sets for Renal Nerve Ablation - A catheter comprises a flexible shaft having a length for accessing the renal artery and a multiplicity of electrode sets each supported a support member. Each electrode set extends beyond the catheter's distal end and includes several elongated resilient members comprising a pre-formed curve and supporting an electrode. The resilient members are constrained to a low profile when encompassed by a wall of a removable sheath or a lumen wall of the catheter's shaft, and expand outwardly to assume a shape of their pre-formed curve when removed from the removable sheath or shaft lumen. The resilient members have a stiffness sufficient to maintain contact between the electrodes and an inner wall of the renal artery including irregularities of the inner wall of the renal artery. One or more temperature sensors can be situated at or proximate the plurality of electrode sets.02-02-2012
20120029504SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRESENTING INFORMATION REPRESENTATIVE OF LESION FORMATION IN TISSUE DURING AN ABLATION PROCEDURE - A method and system for presenting information representative of lesion formation is provided. The system comprises an electronic control unit (ECU). The ECU is configured to acquire a value for an ablation description parameter and/or a position signal metric, wherein the value corresponds to a location in the tissue. The ECU is further configured to evaluate the value, assign it a visual indicator of a visualization scheme associated with the parameter/metric corresponding to the value, and generate a marker comprising the visual indicator such that the marker is indicative of the acquired value. The method comprises acquiring a value for the parameter/metric, and evaluating the value. The method further includes assigning a visual indicator of a visualization scheme associated with the parameter/metric corresponding to the value, and generating a marker comprising the visual indicator.02-02-2012
20130197508SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING USE AND OPERATION OF A FAMILY OF DIFFERENT TREATMENT DEVICES - A system for controlling a treatment device generates a graphical interface that visually prompts a user in a step-wise fashion to use the treatment device to perform a process of forming a pattern of lesions that extends both circumferentially and axially in different levels in a body region. The graphical interface displays for the user a visual record of the progress of the process from start to finish and guides the user so that so that individual lesions desired within a given level are all formed, and that a given level of lesions is not skipped.08-01-2013
20130197509SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING USE AND OPERATION OF A FAMILY OF DIFFERENT TREATMENT DEVICES - A system for controlling a treatment device generates a graphical interface that visually prompts a user in a step-wise fashion to use the treatment device to perform a process of forming a pattern of lesions that extends both circumferentially and axially in different levels in a body region. The graphical interface displays for the user a visual record of the progress of the process from start to finish and guides the user so that so that individual lesions desired within a given level are all formed, and that a given level of lesions is not skipped.08-01-2013
20120296328METHOD AND SYSTEM OF AN ELECTROSURGICAL CONTROLLER WITH WAVE-SHAPING - An electrosurgical controller with wave-shaping. At least some embodiments are methods including generating an alternating current (AC) voltage signal within an electrosurgical controller. The generating may be by inducing an intermediate AC voltage signal on a secondary winding of a first transformer, and wave-shaping the intermediate AC voltage signal by a second winding of a second transformer coupled to the first transformer, and thereby creating a final AC voltage signal. Thereafter, the method includes applying the final AC voltage signal to electrical pins of a connector configured to couple to an electrosurgical wand.11-22-2012
20130204243HANDHELD ELECTROSURGICAL GENERATOR - A handheld electrosurgical generator including a pen, internal controller, signal generator, and RF amplifier. The pen electro-mechanically connects to an electrosurgical needle. The controller is embedded within the pen to control the RF output at the electrosurgical needle tip. An electrosurgical system incorporates the handheld electrosurgical generator along with at least one of a data processing unit and a data entry point in communication with the controller of the handheld electrosurgical generator.08-08-2013

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